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1.
Ann Plast Surg ; 90(2): 128-132, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The expanded forehead flap pedicled with superficial temporal vessel(s) is a common method to treat facial scar deformity. However, local bulkiness and hair retention have limited the use of this flap. METHODS: Five cadavers were used for anatomy to confirm the forehead "safety zone." A retrospective study was performed on 15 patients with facial scar deformity who were undergoing the expanded forehead superthin flap (without the expanded capsule, frontalis muscle, and with less hair follicles) pedicled with superficial temporal vessel(s) to transfer and repair the deformity. RESULTS: Through cadaver anatomy, the range where the subdermal vascular network laid superficial to the hair follicle level was named the "safety zone," whose average distance between the bilateral penetrating points was 10.2 cm (8.7-11.6 cm). Fifteen patients with facial scar deformity were treated with the superthin flap technique. The trimming size of the safety zone flap was (6-10) × (12-20) cm. The median time of thinning the safety zone was 35 minutes (range, 25-40 minutes). All flaps healed well. The median residual ratio of the hair follicle was 39.8% (29.9%-50.5%). All patients were satisfied with the contour of the flap. CONCLUSION: We firstly proposed a concept of forehead safety zone and used the superthin flap without the frontalis muscle and less hair follicles to treat facial scar deformity, and obtained an improved therapeutic effect. We think this is an appealing technique that can manifest facial concave and convex in the fine part, improve compliance of the flap, and reduce the times of laser hair removal.


Assuntos
Humanos , Testa/cirurgia , Folículo Piloso , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante de Pele
2.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 151(2): 325-328, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696314

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Surgical treatments to the upper eyelid have evolved along with a better understanding of the aging upper eyelid anatomy and development of solutions that are aesthetically pleasing and that defy detection. It is not uncommon for patients to present before or after upper blepharoplasty with perceived deformities of the medial canthus. Epicanthal folds are sometimes a concern. Approaches to the varied presentations of epicanthal folds have derived from the belief that they relate to a dermal or orbicular (muscle) issue, and solutions have primarily involved traditional approaches to altering skin and muscle tension by means of complex flaps. Complications or unfavorable outcomes that relate to this approach mainly involve scarring or nonresolution. The author describes a novel and simple surgical approach for the treatment of mild to moderate epicanthal folds or medial canthal webbing that is in line with the goals of the balance of aesthetics, resolution, and undetectability.


Assuntos
Blefaroplastia , Humanos , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Pele , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/prevenção & controle , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603866

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of only surgical resection for nasal vestibular squamous cell carcinoma and the efficacy of perforator flap of ipsilateral nasolabial sulcus in repairing postoperative defects. Methods: The clinical data of 8 cases with squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal vestibule who admitted to Department of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Eye & ENT Hospital, Fudan University were analyzed, including 6 males and 2 females, aged from 38 to 75 years. The tumor of the nasal vestibule was eradicated in time after making definite diagnosis of lesions, then the perforators flap of the ipsilateral nasolabial sulcus was used for repairment, without performing further chemotherapy or radiotherapy after surgery. The tumor recurrence, facial appearance, nostril form, donor area scar, nasal ventilation function, and cutaneous sensation were evaluated after surgery. Descriptive analysis was used in this research. Results: There were 2 cases of stage T1 and 6 cases of stage T2 in 8 cases. After 32 to 45 months of following-up, no recurrence accurred and all the flaps survived well. However, there was about 2 mm necrosis of the transplanted flap in the lateral foot of the alar in one case, which was healed well by carrying out wound care after 10 d. And the dark color flap was occurred in another case, showing the flap's backflow trouble, yet it was improved with addressing timely during 5 d postoperation. Pincusion-like deformity of the transplanted flap occurred in 4 cases (50%), which subsided gradually after 6 months. The morphology of the anterior nostril was altered in 4 cases (50%), but there was no ventilation trouble and no need for addressment in any case. The postoperative facial appearance was rated as excellentor good with hidden scar in the donor site, and the sensation of the transplanted flaps was indistinct from the surrounding tissue after 3 months. Conclusions: Surgical resection of nasal vestibular squamous cell carcinoma with tumor stage T1-2 is a feasible treatment. And it is the one of the best reconstructive methods of the perforator flap of the ipsilateral nasolabial sulcus to repair the deformities after the surgery.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Retalho Perfurante , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Retalho Perfurante/transplante , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Am J Case Rep ; 24: e938607, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36639861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Abdominal scars can develop following abdominoplasty interventions and can cause severe functional and aesthetic disabilities. Surgery is almost no longer necessary thanks to the accessibility of more recent and sophisticated technology like lasers. Many ablative and non-ablative photothermolysis technologies and equipment have been developed, giving patients and medical professionals more alternatives but also complicating the system to be utilized and the methods to maximize the outcomes. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the volumetric action of 1540 wavelength and the efficacy and safety of the synergic sequential application of a new fractional ablative 10 600 nm CO2 and non-ablative 1540 nm lasers on abdominal postsurgical scar management. CASE REPORT We treated a female patient with an abdominal suprapubic scar following abdominoplasty. The patient underwent 3 treatment sessions (with a frequency of 1 session every 50 days) with 1 pass over the entire suprapubic area using 10 600 nm CO2 fractional laser emission and 1540 fractional laser emission in simultaneous modality. A photographic evaluation was made to monitor the effect of the treatment on the aesthetic appearance of the patient's suprapubic scar. After 6 months, the photographic assessment showed a significant improvement in scar texture and color. No patient pain or adverse effects were detected. CONCLUSIONS This case report describes the possibility of effectively treating abdominal suprapubic scars following abdominoplasty surgery with simultaneous and combined irradiation of 10 600 nm and 1540 nm wavelengths.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Lasers de Gás , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Humanos , Feminino , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Dióxido de Carbono , Lasers de Gás/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Terapia a Laser/efeitos adversos , Terapia a Laser/métodos
5.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 59(1): 26-30, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631054

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of free anterolateral femoral muscle flap and perforator flap transplantation for repair of the huge wound and after periorbital tumor resection and orbital enucleation. Methods: It was a retrospective case series study. Twelve patients with orbital tumors admitted to the Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery of the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from February 2017 to April 2021 were included. There were 4 males and 8 females, aged 48 to 87 years. Nine patients had cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, and 3 had basal cell carcinoma. All patients underwent extended resection of the tumor, resection of orbital contents and wound repair.All patients had the lesion completely removed, chimeric anterolateral thigh flap of the anterolateral femoral flap and perforator flap were transplanted to repair the wound. The donor area of the flaps was closed with tension sutures. The size of intraoperative resection lesion,intraoperative resection flap and muscle flap and the depth of the wound cavity were summarized. The postoperative flap survival, wound healing, surgical area appearance, flap color, thickness and texture, scarring and sensation in the surgical area, and tumor recurrence were observed. Results: The surgical procedures were successfully completed in all the 12 patients. The intraoperative resection lesion ranged from 7.0 cm × 5.0 cm to 15.0 cm × 8.0 cm. The depth of the wound cavity was 4.0 to 5.0 cm. The intraoperative resection flap range was 7.0 cm × 5.0 cm to 19.0 cm × 8.0 cm. The muscle flap size ranged from 4.0 cm × 3.0 cm to 5.0 cm × 4.0 cm. All flaps completely survived after surgery, and the wounds healed. The sutures at the recipient area were removed at 5 to 7 days after surgery, while the sutures at the donor area were removed at 12 to 14 days. All of the patients were followed up for 3 to 30 months. The scar at the periorbital area was concealed, and the color, thickness and texture of the flaps were similar to those of the surrounding normal skin. The scarring in the flap supply area was not hypertrophic, with localized decreased skin sensation around it. None of the patients had any tumor recurrence during the follow-up period. Conclusion: The anterolateral femoral muscle flap and perforator flap transplantation could efficiently repair the huge wound after orbital content removal, achieving satisfactory therapeutic effects.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Retalho Perfurante , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Retalho Perfurante/transplante , Transplante de Pele , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Músculos/transplante , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Can Vet J ; 64(1): 63-69, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593936

RESUMO

Objective: Describe clinical features and outcomes of dogs undergoing scar revision for incompletely or narrowly excised cutaneous mast cell tumors without gross disease. Animals: 52 dogs undergoing 54 scar revisions. Procedures: Retrospective record review with information collected on signalment, tumor type/location, pre-surgical diagnostics, surgical and pathologic findings for the first excision and scar revision surgeries, and follow-up. Descriptive statistics were generated. Results: Prior to initial excision, cytology was performed on 38.9% (21/54) of tumors and the initial surgery report rarely described surgical resection margins [14.6% (7/48) of surgeries]. Residual tumor was identified pathologically in 29.6% (16/54) of scars. Local recurrence following scar revision occurred in 3.7% (2/54) of all scars [median follow-up 881.5 d (range: 0 to 3317 d)]; both scars had either complete excision of residual mast cell tumor or no evidence of mast cell tumor on scar revision and neither dog received radiation therapy. Conclusions: Identification of residual disease was uncommon, and local recurrence was less common than previously reported for incomplete/narrow mast cell tumor excision. Clinical relevance: Scar revision of unplanned primary excisions appears to yield a high likelihood of durable tumor remission in patients. First opinion practitioners are encouraged to avoid unplanned excisions by informing the surgical plan with cytology of the primary tumor and detailing surgical margin excision which may facilitate revision, if necessary.


Révision des cicatrices pour des mastocytes cutanés incomplètement ou étroitement excisés chez le chien. Objectif: Décrire les caractéristiques cliniques et les résultats des chiens subissant une révision de cicatrice pour des tumeurs mastocytaires incomplètement ou étroitement excisées sans maladie grave. Animaux: Cinquante-deux chiens soumis à 54 révisions de cicatrice. Procédures: Examen rétrospectif des dossiers avec des informations recueillies sur le signalement, le type/l'emplacement de la tumeur, les diagnostics pré-chirurgicaux, les résultats chirurgicaux et pathologiques pour les premières chirurgies d'excision et de révision de cicatrice, et le suivi. Des statistiques descriptives ont été générées. Résultats: Avant l'excision initiale, une cytologie a été réalisée sur 38,9 % (21/54) des tumeurs et le rapport chirurgical initial décrivait rarement les marges de résection chirurgicale [14,6 % (7/48) des chirurgies]. Une tumeur résiduelle a été identifiée pathologiquement dans 29,6 % (16/54) des cicatrices. Une récidive locale après révision des cicatrices s'est produite dans 3,7 % (2/54) de toutes les cicatrices [suivi médian de 881,5 jours (intervalle : 0 à 3317 jours)] les deux cicatrices présentaient soit une excision complète du tumeur mastocytaire résiduel, soit aucun signe de tumeur mastocytaire lors de la révision de la cicatrice et aucun chien n'a reçu de radiothérapie. Conclusions: L'identification de la maladie résiduelle était rare et la récidive locale était moins fréquente que précédemment rapportée pour l'excision incomplète/étroite du tumeur mastocytaire. Pertinence clinique: La révision de la cicatrice des excisions primaires non planifiées semble donner une forte probabilité de rémission tumorale durable chez les patients. Les praticiens de première opinion sont encouragés à éviter les excisions non planifiées en informant le plan chirurgical avec la cytologie de la tumeur primaire et en détaillant les marges de l'excision chirurgicale ce qui peut faciliter la révision, si nécessaire.(Traduit par Dr Serge Messier).


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Cães , Animais , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Cicatriz/veterinária , Cicatriz/patologia , Mastócitos/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/veterinária , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Reoperação/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/veterinária
7.
Can Vet J ; 64(1): 70-75, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593932

RESUMO

Objective: Describe clinical features of dogs undergoing scar revision for incompletely or narrowly excised soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) in the absence of gross disease and to determine local recurrence rates following scar revision. Animals: Thirty-three dogs with 33 scars. Procedures: Medical records were reviewed to collect data on signalment, tumor details, pre-surgical diagnostic tests, surgical and pathologic findings for both the initial and revision surgeries, and clinical outcomes. Descriptive statistics were generated. Results: For the initial excision, cytology was performed before surgery in 45.5% (15/33) of dogs, and information on surgical margins was rarely reported [4.0% (1/25) of circumferential and 12.0% (3/25) of deep margins]. Microscopic evidence of residual STS was identified in 18.2% of scars. Recurrence occurred in 3.0% (1/33) of dogs [median follow-up of 1127 d (1 to 3192 d)]; this dog had had no evidence of residual tumor in the scar revision pathology. Conclusions: Despite the low identification rate of residual tumor, the local tumor recurrence rate was 3.0%, which is lower than what is historically reported for incompletely or narrowly excised STSs. Clinical relevance: Scar revision for incompletely or narrowly excised STSs resulted in durable tumor remission in the dogs of this study. Pre-surgical diagnostic tests were not often performed in this study; these may be considered before the first excision to plan surgical margins for potentially reducing the incidence of incomplete or narrow excision. Surgical reports should include details on circumferential and deep margins to guide pathologic interpretation and future scar revision, if required.


Révision des cicatrice pour les sarcomes des tissus mous incomplètement ou étroitement excisés chez le chien. Objectif: Décrire les caractéristiques cliniques des chiens subissant une révision de cicatrice pour des sarcomes des tissus mous (STSs) incomplètement ou étroitement excisés en l'absence de maladie macroscopique et pour déterminer les taux de récidive locale après la révision de cicatrice. Animaux: Trente-trois chiens avec 33 cicatrices. Procédures: Les dossiers médicaux ont été examinés pour recueillir des données sur le signalement, les détails de la tumeur, les tests de diagnostic pré-chirurgicaux, les résultats chirurgicaux et pathologiques pour les chirurgies initiales et de révision, et les résultats cliniques. Des statistiques descriptives ont été générées. Résultats: Pour l'excision initiale, une cytologie a été réalisée avant la chirurgie chez 45,5 % (15/33) des chiens, et les informations sur les marges chirurgicales ont été rarement rapportées [4,0 % (1/25) des marges circonférentielles et 12,0 % (3/25) des marges profondes]. Des preuves microscopiques de STS résiduel ont été identifiées dans 18,2 % des cicatrices. Une récidive est survenue chez 3,0 % (1/33) des chiens [suivi médian de 1127 jours (1 à 3192 jours)]; ce chien n'avait eu aucun signe de tumeur résiduelle dans la pathologie de révision de la cicatrice. Conclusions: Malgré le faible taux d'identification de tumeur résiduelle, le taux de récidive tumorale locale était de 3,0 %, ce qui est inférieur à ce qui est historiquement rapporté pour les STS incomplètement ou étroitement excisés. Pertinence clinique: La révision des cicatrices pour les STS incomplètement ou étroitement excisés a entraîné une rémission tumorale durable chez les chiens de cette étude. Les tests diagnostiques pré-chirurgicaux n'ont pas souvent été effectués dans cette étude; ceux-ci peuvent être envisagés avant la première excision pour planifier les marges chirurgicales afin de réduire potentiellement l'incidence de l'excision incomplète ou étroite. Les rapports chirurgicaux doivent inclure des détails sur les marges circonférentielles et profondes pour guider l'interprétation pathologique et la révision future de la cicatrice, si nécessaire.(Traduit par Dr Serge Messier).


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Sarcoma , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles , Cães , Animais , Cicatriz/patologia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Cicatriz/veterinária , Reoperação/veterinária , Margens de Excisão , Neoplasia Residual/cirurgia , Neoplasia Residual/veterinária , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/veterinária , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Sarcoma/veterinária , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Doenças do Cão/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 465, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the outcomes of a surgical technique using buccal mucosal membrane graft for correction of cicatricial lower eyelid retraction. METHODS: Twelve patients with unilateral cicatricial lower eyelid retraction were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent a four-step surgical technique consisted of release of scars, midface lift, transfer of buccal mucosal membrane to posterior lamella as spacer graft, and canthal tightening. All patients were followed for at least 12 months. RESULTS: Mean preoperative Margin-to-Reflex-Distance 2 (MRD2) was 7.73 ± 1.10 mm, compared to mean postoperative MRD2 of 5.04 ± 0.49 mm (P < 0.0001). The mean improvement in retraction was 2.69 mm. Postoperative scleral show was present in only one case and no major complications were observed. CONCLUSION: The four-step procedure (scar release, midface lift, buccal mucosal graft and canthal tightening) was an effective procedure to correct cicatricial lower eyelid retractions with acceptable outcomes and a low morbidity rate.


Assuntos
Cicatriz , Transtornos da Visão , Humanos , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Face , Período Pós-Operatório , Pálpebras/cirurgia
9.
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(8): 2450-2454, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36409869

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Scalp defects of various etiologies require distinct reconstruction strategies. Therefore, the authors divided scalp defects into the following categories: scar alopecia, open scalp wound, benign or low-grade malignant tumor, and high-grade malignancy. The authors reviewed the experience with scalp reconstruction of a single center to determine the factors that affect the reconstructive choices.Patients who underwent scalp reconstruction between 2008 and 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Reconstruction methods were classified according to the etiology of the defect and were compared for each etiology. Accordingly, a reconstruction algorithm for scalp defects was proposed.A total of 180 patients were included in this study, and the reconstruction methods demonstrated significant differences according to etiology (P < 0.05). For scar alopecia and open scalp wounds, reconstruction methods such as direct repair, local flap transfer, and tissue expander placement were used depending on the defect size. Patients with benign or low-grade malignancies mainly underwent reconstruction with local flaps or skin grafts and tissue expanders for covering the defects. Patients with high-grade malignancies underwent reconstruction with free flaps if they were scheduled for preoperative or postoperative radiation therapy.Various factors, suchas the etiology, size, location, and depthofthe defect, should be considered in scalp reconstruction. The defect etiology is an important factor that determines the reconstructive goal. Our algorithm is based on the etiology of defects and is intended to aid physicians in choosing the appropriate treatment for various scalp defects.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Neoplasias , Humanos , Couro Cabeludo/lesões , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/cirurgia , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Alopecia/etiologia , Alopecia/cirurgia
10.
Rozhl Chir ; 101(10): 488-493, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402560

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyse complications associated with inicisional hernia repair surgery and to assess individual risk factors for surgical site infections occurring at the Department of Surgery of the University Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady in 2015. METHODS: We analysed 138 patients with a focus on risk factors that potentially increase the risk of postoperative infectious complications such as mesh implantation, smoking, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, malignancies, immunosuppressive therapy and urgency of the procedure. RESULTS: Based on multivariate logistic regression analysis, acute surgery proved to be a risk factor for infection, and in the ad hoc Fisher test, the ratio was 2.73. Diabetes mellitus as a risk factor reached the limit of significance (p=0.071). No other variables were associated with an increased risk of surgical site infections. CONCLUSION: Acute surgery was assessed as a significant risk factor for postoperative wound infection. On the contrary, mesh repair was not associated with an increased risk of infection.


Assuntos
Hérnia Ventral , Herniorrafia , Humanos , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cicatriz/complicações , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia
11.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 39(1): 1449-1457, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414236

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) combined with ultrasound-guided suction curettage in patients with type I/II/III cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). METHODS: A total of 153 patients with CSP were enrolled and classified according to the type of CSP. All of them were treated by HIFU combined with ultrasound-guided suction curettage. When active uterine bleeding was observed after curettage, a Foley balloon was used for hemostasis by compression. Baseline characteristics, technical parameters of HIFU, intraoperative blood loss in suction curettage, the time for serum ß-HCG to return to normal levels, reproductive outcomes, and adverse effects were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: 152 patients completed one session of HIFU combined with suction curettage except one patient transferred to surgery. Total energy used for ablation and the time for serum ß-HCG return to normal level in type II and III were significantly higher than type I (p < .05). The treatment time and sonication time of HIFU in type III were significantly longer than type I (p < .05). Vaginal bleeding after curettage and the rate of using Foley catheter balloon in type III was larger than type I and II. CONCLUSIONS: HIFU combined with ultrasound-guided suction curettage is a safe and effective treatment option for patients with type I/II/III CSP and desire for fertility. Patients with type III CSP were more dependent on Foley catheter balloon compression therapy than the other two types after HIFU combined with curettage.


Assuntos
Gravidez Ectópica , Curetagem a Vácuo , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Cicatriz/diagnóstico por imagem , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Gravidez Ectópica/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez Ectópica/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
12.
Dermatol Surg ; 48(11): 1155-1158, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36342247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are multiple modalities for patient education ranging from written to audiovisual formats. However, little is known regarding which modality is optimal. OBJECTIVE: To assess patient preference for educational materials about scar care following surgery for facial skin cancer using the FACE-Q Skin Cancer patient reported outcome measure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On the day of Mohs surgery, patients were given a written handout or viewed a 3-minute animation video regarding best practices in scar improvement. Afterward, patients received the FACE-Q Skin Cancer-Satisfaction with Information: Appearance scale. Three months later, patients were called and given the same scale and additional questions regarding scar care. RESULTS: A total of 75 patients were enrolled. There was no difference between the 2 groups' preoperative information scores (p = .85) and the three-month postoperative scores (p = .37). The change in preoperative and postoperative score showed no significant difference between the 2 groups (p = .21); but there was a trend of higher satisfaction in the video group on the day of Mohs surgery. After the 3-month timepoint, there was a higher satisfaction trend observed with the written handout group. CONCLUSION: Patient preferences in information delivery and accessibility will contribute to greater information retention and satisfaction.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Faciais , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , Cirurgia de Mohs/efeitos adversos , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/prevenção & controle , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Preferência do Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Faciais/cirurgia
14.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 20554, 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36446830

RESUMO

Creation of sub-epithelial voids within scarred vocal folds via ultrafast laser ablation may help in localization of injectable therapeutic biomaterials towards an improved treatment for vocal fold scarring. Several ultrafast laser surgery probes have been developed for precise ablation of surface tissues; however, these probes lack the tight beam focusing required for sub-surface ablation in highly scattering tissues such as vocal folds. Here, we present a miniaturized ultrafast laser surgery probe designed to perform sub-epithelial ablation in vocal folds. The requirement of high numerical aperture for sub-surface ablation, in addition to the small form factor and side-firing architecture required for clinical use, made for a challenging optical design. An Inhibited Coupling guiding Kagome hollow core photonic crystal fiber delivered micro-Joule level ultrashort pulses from a high repetition rate fiber laser towards a custom-built miniaturized objective, producing a 1/e2 focal beam radius of 1.12 ± 0.10 µm and covering a 46 × 46 µm2 scan area. The probe could deliver up to 3.8 µJ pulses to the tissue surface at 40% transmission efficiency through the entire system, providing significantly higher fluences at the focal plane than were required for sub-epithelial ablation. To assess surgical performance, we performed ablation studies on freshly excised porcine hemi-larynges and found that large area sub-epithelial voids could be created within vocal folds by mechanically translating the probe tip across the tissue surface using external stages. Finally, injection of a model biomaterial into a 1 × 2 mm2 void created 114 ± 30 µm beneath the vocal fold epithelium surface indicated improved localization when compared to direct injection into the tissue without a void, suggesting that our probe may be useful for pre-clinical evaluation of injectable therapeutic biomaterials for vocal fold scarring therapy. With future developments, the surgical system presented here may enable treatment of vocal fold scarring in a clinical setting.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Prega Vocal , Animais , Suínos , Prega Vocal/cirurgia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Injeções
16.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 75(12): 4496-4512, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36270948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cicatricial ectropion can be corrected by invasive surgical modalities such as full-thickness skin graft, lateral tarsal strip procedure, etc., which are associated with donor site morbidity and additional scars. Use of autologous fat graft (AFG) in treatment of burn scars has previously shown encouraging clinical results as to skin color, texture, and softness. OBJECTIVE: We aim to introduce the use of AFG for the correction of mild to moderate grades of cicatricial ectropion of the lower eyelid in adult patients. METHODS: This was a prospective, interventional, non-comparative, pilot study including 5 patients with a cicatricial ectropion of grade I-III. All these patients underwent a pre-injection workup to assess anatomical outcomes (grade of ectropion, vertical palpebral aperture (VPA), lagophthalmos, and eyelid retraction), functional outcomes (dry eye status) and aesthetic outcome (change of scar color, thickness, pain, and consistency). RESULTS: At 6-months follow-up assessment, all patients had improvement in grade of ectropion, significant improvement in VPA and eyelid retraction, and almost complete resolution of lagophthalmos in all the three patients who had pre-injection lagophthalmos. There was a significant improvement in scar color, thickness and consistency on Visual Analogue Score (VAS) with no donor site or systemic complications after the procedure but mild pain on day 1 post-injection at the donor site CONCLUSION: AFG transfer of cicatricial ectropion not only eludes the need of a invasive surgery but provides satisfactory correction with stable outcome with an overall improvement in texture of the scar and has low risk.


Assuntos
Ectrópio , Humanos , Adulto , Ectrópio/etiologia , Ectrópio/cirurgia , Cicatriz/complicações , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Projetos Piloto , Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Dor
17.
Actas Dermosifiliogr ; 113(10): T938-T944, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36216158

RESUMO

Burn scars cause high morbidity in the form of contractures, body disfigurement, and itching, as well as a high emotional impact that adversely affects patient quality of life. Laser therapy has proven effective in this setting. It is superior to topical treatments and can be used in conjunction with surgery, helping to reduce morbidity. The use of lasers in hospital dermatology departments, however, is still limited. Carbon dioxide laser is the most widely used device for reducing scar thickness, improving textural abnormalities, and treating associated contractures, which may restore the mobility of these patients when it is altered. Pulsed dye laser treatments are particularly useful for reducing erythema in recent burn scars and preventing subsequent hypertrophy. Pigment laser treatments with short pulse durations (nanoseconds or picoseconds) can improve hyperpigmentation. In this article, we review the evidence for the use of laser therapy for burn scars and propose a treatment algorithm.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Cicatriz Hipertrófica , Contratura , Terapia a Laser , Lasers de Corante , Lasers de Gás , Humanos , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/radioterapia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/etiologia , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/radioterapia , Cicatriz Hipertrófica/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Lasers de Corante/uso terapêutico , Lasers de Gás/uso terapêutico , Terapia a Laser/efeitos adversos , Contratura/cirurgia , Contratura/complicações
18.
Cutis ; 110(2): 86-87, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36219643

RESUMO

Nonmelanoma skin cancer is the most common cancer, typically growing in sun-exposed areas, such as the nose. After complete excision of the tumor, the subsequent scar may exhibit multiple complications that are easily noticeable and cosmetically unsatisfactory. When performing a revision of such a scar, using a single surgical technique may be insufficient; rather, the surgeon may need to carefully plan and utilize several techniques to achieve the best cosmetic outcome. Here, we report a case that demonstrates successful use of surgical defatting and Z-plasty techniques to revise a scar of the nasal dorsum that exhibited pincushioning and webbing.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cutâneas , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Humanos , Nariz/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/complicações , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia
19.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(10): 937-943, 2022 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36299205

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effects between second toe tibial dorsal artery flap (2-TDAF) and second toe tibial plantar proper artery flap (2-TPPAF) in repairing finger skin and soft tissue defects. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. From January 2019 to June 2020, 27 patients with skin and soft tissue defects at the fingertips with area of 1.5 cm×1.2 cm-2.6 cm×1.8 cm after debridement who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Suzhou Ruihua Orthopaedic Hospital, including 21 males and 6 females, aged 19-59 (37±10) years. According to flap repair methods used in the defective fingers, the patients were divided into 2-TDAF group (12 cases) and 2-TPPAF group (15 cases). The area of 2-TDAF ranged from 1.5 cm×1.2 cm to 2.5 cm×1.6 cm, and the area of 2-TPPAF ranged from 1.7 cm×1.3 cm to 2.6 cm×1.8 cm. Full-thickness skin grafts from the medial side of the ipsilateral leg were grafted to the wounds in donor sites, and the wounds in donor sites of skin grafts were directly sutured. Flap arterial diameter, flap excision time, flap survival situation of patients in 2 weeks after operation, and follow-up time were recorded. At the last follow-up, the two-point discrimination distance of flap graft site, total action motion (TAM) of the finger joints, and wound healing of the flap donor site were recorded; the Vancouver scar scale (VSS) was used to score the scar in donor area of the second toe and the recipient area of fingers; the appearance and self-satisfaction subscales of the Michigan hand outcomes questionnaire (MHQ) were used to evaluate the affected finger. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test or Fisher's exact probability test. Results: The flap artery diameter of patients in 2-TDAF group was 0.35-0.80 (0.56±0.14) mm and the flap cutting time was (14.0±2.7) min, which were significantly shorter than 0.80-1.35 (1.02±0.16) mm and (19.7±3.4) min in 2-TPPAF group (with t values of 7.81 and 4.79, respectively, P<0.01). The flaps of patients in the 2 groups in recipient areas survived well in 2 weeks after operation, and the wounds in donor areas of flaps of patients in the 2 groups healed well at the last follow-up. There was no statistically significant difference in the postoperative follow-up time, and two-point discrimination distance of flap graft site, TAM of the finger joints, VSS score of scar in the second toe donor site and the finger recipient site, and the appearance and self-satisfaction of MHQ scores of the affected finger at the last follow-up (P>0.05). Conclusions: Compared with 2-TPPAF, 2-TDAF has a shallower anatomical layer and shorter time for surgical flap removal, which can preserve the proper arteries and nerves at the base of the toes and reduce the damage to the donor site.


Assuntos
Traumatismos dos Dedos , Retalho Perfurante , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Traumatismos dos Dedos/cirurgia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Transplante de Pele , Dedos do Pé/cirurgia , Artérias
20.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(10): 959-963, 2022 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36299208

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of proximal ulnar artery perforator flap combined with iliac bone graft in the reconstruction of subtotal thumb or finger defects. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From August 2016 to August 2019, 7 patients with thumb or finger defects caused by mechanical damage who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Ruihua Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, including 6 males and 1 female, aged 46 to 58 years. Their length of fingers was repaired with iliac bone, with length of 2.0 to 3.0 cm. After the bone graft, the skin defect area of the affected finger ranged from 2.8 cm×2.2 cm to 6.0 cm×3.2 cm. Then the free proximal ulnar artery perforator flap with area of 3.0 cm×2.4 cm to 6.5 cm×3.5 cm was used to cover the wounds. The wounds in donor sites of iliac crest and flap were directly sutured. The survival of flap in one week post surgery and the donor site wound healing in 2 weeks post surgery were observed, respectively. During the follow-up, the appearance and sensory function of the affected finger, bone healing, and scar hypertrophy of wound in the donor site were observed and evaluated. At the last follow-up, the functional recovery of the affected finger was evaluated with trial standard for the evaluation of functions of the upper limbs of the Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association. Results: In one week post surgery, all the flaps survived. In 2 weeks post surgery, the iliac bone and the wounds in forearm donor site healed. During the follow-up of 5 to 13 months, the flap was good in appearance, without obvious pigmentation; the sensory recovery reached level S2 in 5 patients and S0 in 2 patients; all the grafted iliac bones were bony union without obvious resorption; the wounds in donor site healed well, with only mild scar formation. At the last follow-up, the shape of the reconstructed finger was close to the healthy finger, and the functional evaluation results were excellent in 3 cases and good in 4 cases. Conclusions: The use of proximal ulnar artery perforator flap combined with iliac bone graft to reconstruct subtotal thumb or finger can partially restore part of the appearance and function, with less damage to the donor site. It is a good choice for patients who have low expectations of appearance and function for the reconstructed finger.


Assuntos
Retalho Perfurante , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Retalho Perfurante/transplante , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Polegar/cirurgia , Artéria Ulnar/cirurgia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Ílio/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
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