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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21121, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871981

RESUMO

BACKGROUD: Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has been recommended for the treatment of lupus nephritis (LN). Although inter-racial differences exist regarding the appropriate dose and efficacy of MMF in patients with LN, no definitive meta-analysis has yet been conducted in Chinese patients. This analysis investigated the efficacy and safety of MMF in Chinese patients with proliferative LN. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to select randomized controlled trials that reported at least one of the following: complete remission (CR), partial remission, total remission (TR; defined as complete remission + partial remission), relapse rate, serum creatinine, creatinine clearance, end-stage renal disease, death, infections, amenorrhea, leukopenia, alopecia, gastrointestinal symptoms, or liver damage. RESULTS: Eighteen trials (927 patients) were included; 14 (750 patients) reported CR, partial remission, and TR. Two trials (58 patients) reported relapse rates during maintenance treatment. MMF induction significantly improved CR and TR vs cyclophosphamide (relative risk 1.34, 95% confidence interval: 1.13-1.58; P < .001; relative risk 1.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.02-1.33; P = .03), and was associated with significantly lower risks of infection (P < .001), amenorrhea (P < .001), leukopenia, and alopecia. No significant difference in relapse rate was evident between the MMF and azathioprine groups (P = .66). CONCLUSION: According to this meta-analysis of 18 trials, MMF is significantly more effective than cyclophosphamide induction, and is associated with reduced incidences of infections, amenorrhea, leukopenia, and alopecia in Chinese patients with proliferative LN.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Nefrite Lúpica/etnologia , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Ácido Micofenólico/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
2.
Front Immunol ; 11: 2086, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32983161

RESUMO

Immunosuppressive therapies increase the susceptibility of patients to infections. The current pandemic with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) compels clinicians to develop recommendations for successful clinical management and surveillance of immunocompromised patients at high risk for severe disease progression. With only few case studies published on SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with rheumatic diseases, we report a 25-year-old male who developed moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with fever, mild dyspnea, and no major complications despite having received high-dose prednisolone, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab for the treatment of highly active, life-threatening eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA).


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/complicações , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/complicações , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adulto , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , RNA Viral/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(10): e765-e771, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976753

RESUMO

Over the past 30 years, the scientific community has made little progress in changing the natural history of peripheral T-cell lymphomas. Of the haematological malignancies, T-cell lymphomas have an extremely poor prognosis. One reason for this poor outcome has been that no treatment programme has ever been developed specifically for the broader category of the disease-peripheral T-cell lymphoma-let alone any of the specific subtypes, except advances made for patients with CD30-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Decades of effort have focused on retrofitting chemotherapy programmes used for other diseases, such as CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, which have not been associated with much progress, and have universally produced far more toxicity than benefit. A remarkable heterogeneity, a paucity of cases, and the absence of peripheral T-cell lymphoma-specific drugs, until recently at least, have limited the field's ability to make substantive and innovative advances. Over the past few years, however, it appears the field is beginning to make progress. Lineage and disease-specific novel-to-novel platforms are producing, although perhaps not unsurprisingly, compelling results suggesting that the path to a cure for this rare orphan disease might be heading in a different direction.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células T Periférico/terapia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22299, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991435

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a condition characterized by a hyperinflammatory state and persistent macrophage activation, resulting in reactive phagocytosis of the hematopoietic elements. In children, it is usually a hereditary disorder, while in adults it is usually acquired secondary to viral infections, collagenoses, or tumors. Although accounting for 10% of hematologic malignancies, HLH is rarely associated with multiple myeloma (MM) and other plasmacytic dyscrasias. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old Brazilian man seeked medical care with a 3-month history of intermittent fever, weight loss, night sweats, and progressive anemic symptoms. DIAGNOSIS: Total blood count showed severe bicytopenia (normocytic-normochromic anemia and thrombocytopenia), biochemical exams showed elevation of creatinine, as well as monoclonal peak in serum protein electrophoresis, high IgA dosage, and serum immunofixation with IgA kappa paraprotein. Bone marrow biopsy showed 30% of monoclonal and phenotypically anomalous plasmocytes, confirming the diagnosis of MM. Diagnosis of HLH was established by the presence of clinical and laboratory criteria: fever, splenomegaly, cytopenias, hypofibrinogenemia, hyperferritinemia, elevation of triglycerides, and several figures of erythrophagocytosis in bone marrow aspirate. INTERVENTIONS: The patient experienced pulse therapy with methylprednisolone for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, followed by initial therapy for multiple myeloma with cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone. OUTCOMES: Once the diagnosis of MM and secondary hemophagocytic syndrome was established, the patient had a rapid clinical deterioration despite the established therapeutic measures, evolving with cardiovascular failure, acute liver failure, acute disseminated intravascular coagulation, worsening renal dysfunction requiring dialysis support, respiratory dysfunction, and lowering of consciousness, characterizing rapid multiple organ dysfunction, ultimately leading to the death of the patient. INNOVATION: Here, we aimed to describe the sixth reported case of HLH associated with MM, according to cases cataloged in the PubMed database, and the first case evaluated by 18-fluordeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18-FDG-PETCT). CONCLUSION: Our case report seeks to provide support for a better clinical and laboratory characterization of this rare paraneoplastic entity associated with MM, and aims to call the attention of hematologists and intensivists to this condition that falls within the scope of the differential diagnosis of rapid onset multiple organ failure in patients with plasmacytic neoplasms.


Assuntos
Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/tratamento farmacológico , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/etiologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Anemia/sangue , Anemia/etiologia , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Medula Óssea/patologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Evolução Fatal , Febre/diagnóstico , Febre/etiologia , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/sangue , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/diagnóstico , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/complicações , Paraproteinemias/sangue , Plasmócitos/patologia , Esplenomegalia/diagnóstico , Esplenomegalia/etiologia , Trombocitopenia/sangue , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Perda de Peso
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22341, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991448

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The Goodpasture syndrome is an extremely rare disease, with renal and pulmonary manifestations, and is mediated by anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibodies. Renal pathological changes are mainly characterized by glomerular crescent formation and linear immunofluorescent staining for immunoglobulin G on the GBM. There are few reports on the atypical course of the syndrome involving serum-negative anti-GBM antibodies. Therefore, we present a case of Goodpasture syndrome that presented with nephrotic-range proteinuria and was seronegative for anti-GBM antibodies. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 38-year-old Chinese man presented with a lung lesion that was discovered by physical examination a month prior to presentation. The chief concern was occasional hemoptysis without fever, cough, chest pain, and edema. DIAGNOSES: Laboratory testing revealed that the urinary protein level and urine erythrocyte count were 7.4 g/24 hours and 144/high-power field (HPF), respectively. Serological testing for anti-GBM antibodies was negative. Chest computed tomography revealed multiple exudative lesions in both lungs, indicating alveolar infiltration and hemorrhage. Electronic bronchoscopy and pathological examination of the alveolar lavage fluid indicated no abnormalities. However, kidney biopsy suggested cellular crescent formation and segmental necrosis of the globuli, with linear IgG and complement C3 deposition on the GBM. These findings were consistent with the diagnosis of anti-GBM antibody nephritis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent 7 sessions of double filtration plasmapheresis. He was also administered with intravenous methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide. After renal function stabilization, he was discharged under an immunosuppressive regimen comprising of glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamides. OUTCOMES: Three months later, follow-up examination revealed that the 24-hour urine protein had increased to 13 g. Furthermore, the urine erythrocyte count was 243/HPF. After a 6-month follow-up, the patient achieved partial remission, with a proteinuria level of 3.9 g/24 hours and a urine erythrocyte count of 187/HPF. LESSONS: This extremely rare case of Goodpasture syndrome manifested with seronegativity for anti-GBM antibodies and nephrotic-range proteinuria. Our findings emphasize the importance of renal biopsy for the clinical diagnosis of atypical cases. Furthermore, because renal involvement achieved only partial remission despite therapy, early detection and active treatment of the Goodpasture syndrome is necessary to improve the prognosis of patients.


Assuntos
Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/complicações , Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Proteinúria/etiologia , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/diagnóstico , Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/terapia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/etnologia , Complemento C3/metabolismo , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hemoptise/diagnóstico , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/patologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Rim/patologia , Glomérulos Renais/metabolismo , Glomérulos Renais/patologia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Nefrite/diagnóstico , Nefrite/imunologia , Plasmaferese/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
N Engl J Med ; 383(12): 1117-1128, 2020 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32937045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In adults with active lupus nephritis, the efficacy and safety of intravenous belimumab as compared with placebo, when added to standard therapy (mycophenolate mofetil or cyclophosphamide-azathioprine), are unknown. METHODS: In a phase 3, multinational, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 104-week trial conducted at 107 sites in 21 countries, we assigned adults with biopsy-proven, active lupus nephritis in a 1:1 ratio to receive intravenous belimumab (at a dose of 10 mg per kilogram of body weight) or matching placebo, in addition to standard therapy. The primary end point at week 104 was a primary efficacy renal response (a ratio of urinary protein to creatinine of ≤0.7, an estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] that was no worse than 20% below the value before the renal flare (pre-flare value) or ≥60 ml per minute per 1.73 m2 of body-surface area, and no use of rescue therapy), and the major secondary end point was a complete renal response (a ratio of urinary protein to creatinine of <0.5, an eGFR that was no worse than 10% below the pre-flare value or ≥90 ml per minute per 1.73 m2, and no use of rescue therapy). The time to a renal-related event or death was assessed. RESULTS: A total of 448 patients underwent randomization (224 to the belimumab group and 224 to the placebo group). At week 104, significantly more patients in the belimumab group than in the placebo group had a primary efficacy renal response (43% vs. 32%; odds ratio, 1.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0 to 2.3; P = 0.03) and a complete renal response (30% vs. 20%; odds ratio, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.7; P = 0.02). The risk of a renal-related event or death was lower among patients who received belimumab than among those who received placebo (hazard ratio, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.34 to 0.77; P = 0.001). The safety profile of belimumab was consistent with that in previous trials. CONCLUSIONS: In this trial involving patients with active lupus nephritis, more patients who received belimumab plus standard therapy had a primary efficacy renal response than those who received standard therapy alone. (Funded by GlaxoSmithKline; BLISS-LN ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01639339.).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Creatinina/urina , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Infusões Intravenosas , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Nefrite Lúpica/mortalidade , Masculino , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Indução de Remissão
8.
Front Immunol ; 11: 2086, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-771524

RESUMO

Immunosuppressive therapies increase the susceptibility of patients to infections. The current pandemic with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) compels clinicians to develop recommendations for successful clinical management and surveillance of immunocompromised patients at high risk for severe disease progression. With only few case studies published on SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with rheumatic diseases, we report a 25-year-old male who developed moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with fever, mild dyspnea, and no major complications despite having received high-dose prednisolone, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab for the treatment of highly active, life-threatening eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA).


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/complicações , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/complicações , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adulto , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , RNA Viral/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5237-5243, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a relatively refractory CD4-positive peripheral T-cell lymphoma. VCAP-AMP-VECP (mLSG15) is one of the standard chemotherapeutic regimens for patients with aggressive ATLL. Mogamulizumab (moga), a monoclonal antibody for C-C chemokine receptor 4 antigen expressed on the cell surface, has recently been poised for use as monotherapy and in combination with chemotherapy. However, to date, a significant survival benefit has not been obtained with the combination of moga + mLSG15 therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 77 patients diagnosed with aggressive ATLL. Of them, 22 were treated with moga + a chemotherapy regimen comprised of etoposide, vincristine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and prednisolone (EPOCH), 16 with moga + mLSG15, and 39 with chemotherapy alone. RESULTS: A risk reduction of approximately 30% was obtained with moga + EPOCH compared with moga + mLSG15. CONCLUSION: The addition of moga to chemotherapy did not result in a survival benefit compared with chemotherapy alone. However, a statistically significant overall survival benefit was observed in patients with moga-induced skin disorders.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Esquema de Medicação , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Etoposídeo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22328, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lupus nephritis (LN) remains a predominant cause of morbidity and mortality in SLE. Here we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the induction treatment with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and cyclophosphamide (CYC) for LN. METHODS: Relevant literature was searched by computer from the establishment of the database to November 2019. A meta-analysis was conducted to analysis the efficacy and safety between mycophenolate mofetil and cyclophosphamide as induction therapy in LN patients. The primary end-point was response to urine protein, serum creatinine (Scr) and serum complement C3, and the secondary end-points were complete remission and adverse reactions. RESULTS: Eighteen articles were selected for the final meta-analysis, involving 1989 patients with LN, of which the renal biopsy result could be classified into class III-V according to the standards of WHO/ISN. The results revealed that MMF was superior to CYC in increasing the level of serum complement C3 [SMD = 0.475, 95%CI (0.230-0.719)] and complete remission [RR = 1.231, 95%CI (1.055-1.437)]. Furthermore, the subgroup analysis showed that it was in Asian patients, rather than in Caucasian patients, that CYC exerted a better effect on lowering the level of urine protein (UPRO) than MMF [SMD = 0.405, 95%CI (0.081-0.730)]. Besides, when the initial UPRO level was less than 4 g/day, the effect of CYC was better than MMF [SMD = 0.303, 95%CI (0.014-0.591)]. There was no significant difference between MMF and CYC in improving Scr [SMD = 0.090, 95%CI (-0.060-0.239)]. When it came to the comparison of safety between MMF and CYC, the meta-analysis showed that MMF was superior to CYC in decreasing infection in Caucasian patients [RR = 0.727, 95%CI (0.532-0.993)], reducing the risk of leukopenia and menstrual abnormalities in Asian patients and lowering the frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms [RR = 0.639, 95%CI (0.564-0.724)], independent of race. CONCLUSIONS: MMF precedes CYC in improving serum complement C3 and complete remission regardless of race, as well as shows fewer adverse drug reactions in the induction treatment of LN belonging to type III-V. But for Asian patients or those initial UPRO levels are less than 4 g/day, CYC may be superior to MMF.


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Indução de Remissão
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21571, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846764

RESUMO

Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) and antithymocyte-globulin (ATG) are the most commonly used regimens for prophylaxis of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We compared these 2 regimens in human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched unrelated donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients with hematological malignancies. We retrospectively analyzed consecutive adult patients with hematological malignancies who underwent HLA-matched unrelated donor-HSCT at Chungnam National University Hospital (Daejeon, South Korea) between January 2013 and January 2019. Patients who received a second transplantation or who had refractory disease were excluded. We included 34 patients (12 and 22 in the PTCy and ATG groups respectively). All graft sources were peripheral blood stem cells. The estimated 20-month overall survival rates were 75.0% for PTCy and 81.6% for ATG patients (P = .792), and the 20-month relapse rates were 41.7% and 34.3% (P = .491), respectively. The cumulative incidences of grade 2 to 4 acute GVHD were 16.7% and 30.6% (P = .551), respectively; the estimated 20-month limited and extensive chronic GVHD rates were 59.1% and 78.8% (P = .718), respectively; and the estimated 20-month extensive chronic GVHD rates were 12.5% and 16.7% (P = .718), respectively. The neutrophil engraftment time was similar in both groups [median (range), 15.0 (12.0-17.0) and 14.0 (12.0-19.0) days, respectively; P = .961]. However, ATG was more expensive than PTCy [median (range), US$4,062 (US$2,215-6,647) for ATG vs US$51.80 (US$43.20-69.20) for PTCy; P < .001]. In conclusion, PTCy and ATG afforded similar clinical outcomes after HLA-matched unrelated donor transplantation but PTCy was less expensive.


Assuntos
Soro Antilinfocitário/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(32): e21644, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769933

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The kidney is one of the common extraglandular sites involved in primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS), with chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) the most common pathology type. Renal involvement in pSS often presents as chronic TIN accompanied by type 1 or 2 renal tubular acidosis (RTA). Description of renal involvement as acute TIN with type III RTA in pSS has been rarely reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 37-year-old woman was admitted with complaints of dry mouth, dry eyes, and progressive muscle weakness for 17 months. Two months before admission, the patient had a blood potassium level of 1.7 mmol/L. DIAGNOSIS: Further tests confirmed pSS and type III RTA. Renal biopsy demonstrated acute TIN and thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN). INTERVENTIONS: Full-dose corticosteroid (1 mg/kg/day) and cyclophosphamide (100 mg/day) were applied. OUTCOMES: The creatinine levels of the patient decreased 0.28 mg/dL (1.18-0.90 mg/dL) during 3-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: We reported a patient with pSS-associated kidney injury, presenting as acute TIN with type 3 RTA and TBMN. This case increases the awareness of a rare manifestation of pSS-associated kidney injury. In pSS-associated acute TIN, cyclophosphamide combined with full-dose corticosteroids may achieve good outcomes.


Assuntos
Acidose Tubular Renal/etiologia , Nefrite Intersticial/etiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Acidose Tubular Renal/fisiopatologia , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Creatinina/análise , Creatinina/sangue , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Síndromes do Olho Seco/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Debilidade Muscular/etiologia , Nefrite Intersticial/fisiopatologia , Nefrose/etiologia , Nefrose/fisiopatologia , Potássio/sangue , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia
13.
Science ; 369(6506): 936-942, 2020 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32820119

RESUMO

Intestinal microbiota have been proposed to induce commensal-specific memory T cells that cross-react with tumor-associated antigens. We identified major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-binding epitopes in the tail length tape measure protein (TMP) of a prophage found in the genome of the bacteriophage Enterococcus hirae Mice bearing E. hirae harboring this prophage mounted a TMP-specific H-2Kb-restricted CD8+ T lymphocyte response upon immunotherapy with cyclophosphamide or anti-PD-1 antibodies. Administration of bacterial strains engineered to express the TMP epitope improved immunotherapy in mice. In renal and lung cancer patients, the presence of the enterococcal prophage in stools and expression of a TMP-cross-reactive antigen by tumors correlated with long-term benefit of PD-1 blockade therapy. In melanoma patients, T cell clones recognizing naturally processed cancer antigens that are cross-reactive with microbial peptides were detected.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/imunologia , Bacteriófagos/imunologia , Streptococcus faecium ATCC 9790/virologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/imunologia , Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias/terapia , Proteínas da Cauda Viral/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Reações Cruzadas , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Epitopos/imunologia , Fezes/virologia , Antígenos H-2/imunologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Neoplasias/dietoterapia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Proteínas da Cauda Viral/uso terapêutico
14.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237509, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810157

RESUMO

Limited data are available regarding treatment patterns, healthcare resource utilization (HCRU), treatment costs and clinical outcomes for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in Japan. This retrospective database study analyzed the Medical Data Vision database for DLBCL patients who received treatment during the identification period from October 1 2008 to December 31 2017. Among 6,965 eligible DLBCL patients, 5,541 patients (79.6%) received first-line (1L) rituximab (R)-based therapy, and then were gradually switched to chemotherapy without R in subsequent lines of therapy. In each treatment regimen, 1L treatment cost was the highest among all lines of therapy. The major cost drivers i.e. total direct medical costs until death or censoring across all regimens and lines of therapy were from the 1L regimen and inpatient costs. During the follow-up period, DLBCL patients who received a 1L R-CHOP regimen achieved the highest survival rate and longest time-to-next-treatment, with a relatively low mean treatment cost due to lower inpatient healthcare resource utilization and fewer lines of therapy compared to other 1L regimens. Our retrospective analysis of clinical practices in Japanese DLBCL patients demonstrated that 1L treatment and inpatient costs were major cost contributors and that the use of 1L R-CHOP was associated with better clinical outcomes at a relatively low mean treatment cost.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Padrões de Prática Médica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/economia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Custo-Benefício , Ciclofosfamida/economia , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Doxorrubicina/economia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/economia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Formulário de Reclamação de Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Japão/epidemiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/economia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/economia , Terapia Neoadjuvante/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/economia , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Prednisona/economia , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/economia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sobrevida , Vincristina/economia , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
16.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(4): 1210-1214, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of rituximab therapy for patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to explore the factors influencing the clinical efficacy. METHODS: According to therapeutic regimen, 66 patients with EBV-positive DLBCL were divided into two groups: CHOP group (32 cases) and R-CHOP group (CHOP+ rituximab, 34 cases). The clinical efficacy and the incidence of complication were compared between two groups. The clinical risk factors for the clinical efficacy in patients with EBV-positive DLBCL were confirmed by multivariate Logistic analysis. RESULTS: Compared with CHOP group, the complete remission rate, partial remission rate and the overall effective rate in R-CHOP group all were high (P<0.05), moreover the disease progression rate in R-CHOP group were low (P<0.05). The occurrences rate of myelotoxicity, hepatic injury and gastrointestinal reaction were not statistically significantly different between two groups (P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that the Ann Arbor staging, IPI risk score and Ki-67 positive rate were independent risk factors for the clinical efficacy in patients with EBV-positive DLBCL (OR=2.689, P=0.038; OR=3.232, P=0.025; OR=2.919, P=0.023). CONCLUSION: The clinical efficacy and safety of the therapy with rituximab on the patients with EBV-positive DLBCL are better. The poor Ann Arbor stage, high IPI risk score and the Ki-67 positive rate are factors affecting the clinical efficacy for the patients with EBV-positive DLBCL.


Assuntos
Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
18.
Ann Hematol ; 99(9): 2119-2124, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32676733

RESUMO

Acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage (ALAL) are rare hematologic malignancies with poor outcomes. Retrospective studies have suggested that acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) regimens are more effective than acute myeloid leukemia (AML) regimens. We retrospectively examined the effectiveness of the widely-used adult ALL regimen hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone (hyperCVAD) as initial therapy in patients with ALAL at five academic institutions. Twenty-five patients were identified, including 23 with mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) and two with acute undifferentiated leukemia. Five of 8 tested (63%) had FLT3-ITD and 3 of 25 (12%) were Philadelphia chromosome-positive. The complete remission (CR) rate was 76%, with CR with incomplete count recovery (CRi) in an additional 8%, for an overall response rate of 84%. Median number of cycles to CR/CRi was 1. There were no deaths in the first 30 days. Of the 21 patients achieving CR or CRi, 14 (66%) proceeded to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. With a median follow-up time of 31.6 months, median overall survival for the entire cohort was not reached, and the estimated 2-year survival was 63%. HyperCVAD can be considered an effective and tolerable front-line regimen for patients with ALAL, and warrants further prospective study.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Aguda Bifenotípica/diagnóstico , Leucemia Aguda Bifenotípica/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
19.
Lancet HIV ; 7(9): e602-e610, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allogeneic blood or marrow transplantation (alloBMT) is a potentially life-saving treatment for individuals with HIV and haematological malignancies; challenges include identifying donors and maintaining antiretroviral therapy (ART). The objectives of our study were to investigate interventions to expand donor options and to prevent ART interruptions for patients with HIV in need of alloBMT. METHODS: This single-arm, interventional trial took place at the Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center (Baltimore, MD, USA). Individuals with HIV who were at least 18 years of age and referred for alloBMT for a standard clinical indication were eligible. The only exclusion criterion was a history of documented resistance to enfuvirtide. We used post-transplant cyclophosphamide as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis to expand donor options and an optimised ART strategy of avoiding pharmacoenhancers and adding subcutaneous enfuvirtide during post-transplant cyclophosphamide and during oral medication intolerance. Our primary outcome was the proportion of participants who maintained ART through day 60 after alloBMT. We measured the HIV latent reservoir using a quantitative viral outgrowth assay. This study is registered on ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01836068. FINDINGS: Between June 1, 2013, and August 27, 2015, nine patients who were referred for transplant provided consent. Two patients had relapsed malignancy before donor searches were initiated. Seven patients had suitable donors identified (two matched sibling, two matched unrelated, two haploidentical, and one single-antigen mismatched unrelated) and proceeded to alloBMT. All patients maintained ART through day 60 and required ART changes (median 1, range 1-3) in the first 90 days. One patient stopped ART and developed HIV rebound with grade 4 meningoencephalitis at day 146. Among six patients who underwent alloBMT and had longitudinal measurements available, the HIV latent reservoir was not detected post-alloBMT in four patients with more than 95% donor chimerism, consistent with a 2·06-2·54 log10 reduction in the HIV latent reservoir. In the two patients with less than 95% donor chimerism, the HIV latent reservoir remained stable. INTERPRETATION: By using post-transplant cyclophosphamide as GVHD prophylaxis, we successfully expanded alloBMT donor options for patients with HIV. Continuing ART with a regimen that includes enfuvirtide post-alloBMT was safe, but life-threatening viral rebound can occur with ART interruption. FUNDING: amfAR (the Foundation for AIDS Research), Johns Hopkins University Center for AIDS Research, and National Cancer Institute.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Adulto , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade , Transplante de Medula Óssea/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Viral
20.
Ann Hematol ; 99(9): 2181-2190, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715339

RESUMO

We retrospectively analyzed the safety and efficacy of cyclophosphamide (cyclo) for salvage treatment of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) and cGvHD-associated (glomerulo-)nephritis at our center between 01/2010 and 11/2019. We identified 13 patients (pts) receiving cyclo for treatment of moderate (3/13) and severe (6/13) steroid-refractory cGvHD, cGvHD-associated (glomerulo-)nephritis (3/13), or vasculitis-like CNS manifestation of cGvHD (1/13). Cyclo was started on median day 509 (range 42-8193) after cGvHD onset; the median duration of application was 153 days (range 14-486) with 2/13 currently continuing treatment. The National Institute of Health organ grading and the intensity of immunosuppression (IS) were assessed at cyclo start and repeated after 3, 6, and 12 months. Response assessment was stopped at the start of any additional new IS. The median time of follow up was 407 days (range 86-1534). Best response was 1/13 CR, 6/13 PR, 4/13 SD, 1/13 MR, and 1/13 PD (ORR 54%). Significant and durable response was observed especially in cGvHD-associated (glomerulo-)nephritis (3/3). Infectious complications > CTCAE grade III were observed in 3/12 pts. During cyclo therapy, none of the pts suffered from recurrence of underlying malignancy. Overall, cyclo was relatively well tolerated and showed responses in heavily pretreated patients but requires further evaluation within clinical trials.


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo/métodos
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