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1.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(10): 1275-1280, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063493

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of short-segment and long-segment bone cement-augmented fixation combined with vertebroplasty in treatment of stage Ⅲ Kümmell disease. Methods: A clinical data of 44 patients with stage Ⅲ Kümmell disease met the selection criteria between January 2014 and December 2017 was retrospectively analyzed. Eighteen cases were treated with short-segment bone cement-augmented fixation combined with vertebroplasty (short-segment group) and 26 cases were treated with long-segment bone cement-augmented fixation combined with vertebroplasty (long-segment group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, disease duration, fracture segment, bone mineral density (T value), Frankle grading, and preoperative pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Oswestry disability index (ODI), anterior edge height of injured vertebrae, kyphosis Cobb angle, and thoracolumbar kyphosis (TLK) between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, bone cement injection volume, bone cement leakage rate, VAS score, ODI, anterior edge height of injured vertebrae, kyphosis Cobb angle, and TLK were compared between the two groups. Results: The operation time and the intraoperative blood loss in the short- segment group were significant lower than those in the long-segment group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in bone cement injection volume and bone cement leakage rate between the two groups ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up 12-36 months, with an average of 24.4 months. The VAS score, ODI, anterior edge height of injured vertebrae, kyphosis Cobb angle, and TLK significantly improved at 1 week after operation and last follow-up in the two groups ( P<0.05), there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). At last follow-up, the neurological function of the two groups recovered, and there was no significant difference in Frankle grading between the two groups ( P>0.05). There were 3 cases (16.67%) of non-surgical vertebral fractures in the short-segment group and 6 cases (23.08%) in the long-segment group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Bone rejection occurred in 1 case in the short-segment group, and neither internal fixation failure nor collapse of the injured vertebrae occurred during follow-up. Conclusion: Both short-segment and long-segment bone cement-augmented fixation combined with vertebroplasty can achieve good effectiveness in treatment of stage Ⅲ Kümmell disease, and can maintain the height of the injured vertebra and prevent the collapse of the injured vertebra. Compared with long-segment fixation, short-segment fixation has the advantages of shorter operation time and less intraoperative bleeding.


Assuntos
Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Cimentos para Ossos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/lesões , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia
2.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1113-1121, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862675

RESUMO

AIMS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the mortality, morbidity, and functional outcomes of cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty in the treatment of intracapsular hip fractures, analyzing contemporary and non-contemporary implants separately. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library were searched to 2 February 2020 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the primary outcome, mortality, and secondary outcomes of function, quality of life, reoperation, postoperative complications, perioperative outcomes, pain, and length of hospital stay. Relative risks (RRs) and mean differences (with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)) were used as summary association measures. RESULTS: A total of 18 studies corresponding to 16 non-overlapping RCTs with a total of 2,819 intracapsular hip fractures were included. Comparing contemporary cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty, RRs (95% CIs) for mortality were 1.32 (0.44 to 3.99) perioperatively, 1.01 (0.48 to 2.10) at 30 days, and 0.90 (0.71 to 1.15) at one year. The use of contemporary cemented hemiarthroplasty reduced the risk of intra- and postoperative periprosthetic fracture. There were no significant differences in the risk of other complications, function, pain, and quality of life. There were no significant differences in perioperative outcomes except for increases in operating time and overall anaesthesia for contemporary cemented hemiarthroplasty with mean differences (95% CIs) of 6.67 (2.65 to 10.68) and 4.90 (2.02 to 7.78) minutes, respectively. The morbidity and mortality outcomes were not significantly different between non-contemporary cemented and uncemented hemiarthroplasty. CONCLUSION: There are no differences in the risk of mortality when comparing the use of contemporary cemented with uncemented hemiarthroplasty in the management of intracapsular hip fractures. Contemporary cemented hemiarthroplasty is associated with a substantially lower risk of intraoperative and periprosthetic fractures. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1113-1121.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos , Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1158-1166, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862688

RESUMO

AIMS: The primary objective of this study was to compare migration of the cemented ATTUNE fixed bearing cruciate retaining tibial component with the cemented Press-Fit Condylar (PFC)-sigma fixed bearing cruciate retaining tibial component. The secondary objectives included comparing clinical and radiological outcomes and Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs). METHODS: A single blinded randomized, non-inferiority study was conducted including 74 patients. Radiostereometry examinations were made after weight bearing, but before hospital discharge, and at three, six, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. PROMS were collected preoperatively and at three, six, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Radiographs for measuring radiolucencies were collected at two weeks and two years postoperatively. RESULTS: The overall migration (mean maximum total point motion (MPTM)) at two years was comparable: mean 1.13 mm (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.97 to 1.30) for the ATTUNE and 1.16 mm (95% CI, 0.99 to 1.35) for the PFC-sigma. At two years, the mean backward tilting was -0.43° (95% CI, -0.65 to -0.21) for the ATTUNE and 0.08° (95% CI -0.16 to 0.31), for the PFC-sigma. Overall migration between the first and second postoperative year was negligible for both components. The clinical outcomes and PROMs improved compared with preoperative scores and were not different between groups. Radiolucencies at the implant-cement interface were mainly seen below the medial baseplate: 17% in the ATTUNE and 3% in the PFC-sigma at two weeks, and at two years 42% and 9% respectively (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: In the first two postoperative years the initial version of the ATTUNE tibial component was not inferior with respect to overall migration, although it showed relatively more backwards tilting and radiolucent lines at the implant-cement interface than the PFC-sigma. The version of the ATTUNE tibial component examined in this study has subsequently undergone modification by the manufacturer. Level of Evidence: 1 (randomized controlled clinical trial) Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1158-1166.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos , Migração de Corpo Estranho/epidemiologia , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Feminino , Migração de Corpo Estranho/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Análise Radioestereométrica , Método Simples-Cego , Tíbia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 464-469, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865370

RESUMO

Decompression and curettage can result are effective as treatments for large jaw cysts, which are common diseases in the clinic. Based on a treatment used in a previous study, this paper proposes a "three-step method" to treat large jaw cyst and repair the bone defect by decompression, curettage, and autologous dental bone powder implantation. This paper introduces the processes and key points of the operation involved in the abovementioned method.


Assuntos
Cistos Ósseos/cirurgia , Cistos Maxilomandibulares , Cimentos para Ossos , Transplante Ósseo , Curetagem , Humanos
5.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(9): 820-6, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959568

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of zoledronic acid combined with vitamin K2 regimen in percutaneous vertebroplasty for multi-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures(OVCFs). METHODS: This study was a retrospective control study. A total of 364 patients with OVCFs who were admitted to our spinal surgery department from January 2014 to January 2017 were selected as the study subjects. According to whether zoledronic acid combined with vitamin K2 was used to treat osteoporosis after surgery, the patients were divided into control group and experimental group. Among them, 257 patients in the control group were treated with calcium carbonate and vitamin D regimen, while 107 patients in the experimental group were treated with zoledronic acid combined with vitamin K2 regimen on the basis of the control group. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used to evaluate the clinical effect. Pre- and post-operative bone mineral density of lumbar spine and proximal femur, vertebral height ratio of responsible vertebral body and Cobb angle of vertebral body were observed by image data. Serological indicators related to bone metabolism were detected by laboratory. The complications such as fever, dizziness, osteoarthritis, muscular and soft tissue pain and adjacent vertebral re-fracture were compared between two groups. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in general data between the two groups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS score between experimental group and control group before and 24 hours after operation (P>0.05);VAS score in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group 1 month, 3 months and 1 year after operation(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in ODI between two groups before operation(P>0.05), and at the 24 hours, 3 months, 1 year after operation, the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the vertebral height ratio of the responsible vertebral body and the Cobb angle before operation between two groups (P>0.05). The vertebral height ratio of the responsible vertebral body in experimental group was significantly higher than that in control group and Cobb angle in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group at 3 months and 1 year after operation (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in preoperative bone mineral density of lumbar spine and proximal femur between two groups (P>0.05), but at 3 months and 1 year after operation, the bone mineral density of lumbar spine and proximal femur in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group (P< 0.05). There was no significant difference in preoperative bone metabolic markers such as total type I collagen amino-terminal elongation peptide, ß-collagen degradation products and 25-hydroxyvitamin D between two groups (P>0.05). At 1 year after operation the total type I collagen amino-terminal elongation peptide and ß-collagen degradation products in experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05), but the 25-hydroxyvitamin D operation in experimental group was significantly higher than that in control group(P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications such as fever, dizziness, osteoarthritis, muscle and soft tissue pain and adjacent vertebral re-fracture in experimental group was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Zoledronic acid injection combined with vitamin K2 regimen can be used for anti-osteoporosis treatment of OVCFs vertebroplasty. It has a definite curative effect and a high safety factor. It is worth popularizing.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Cimentos para Ossos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitamina K 2 , Ácido Zoledrônico
6.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(9): 827-30, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959569

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of vertebral body stent (VBS) system and percutanous kyphoplasty (PKP) combined with zoledronic acid for the treatment of severely osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures (OVCFs). METHODS: The clinical data of 48 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures treated from December 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 13 males and 35 females, aged 55 to 92 years old with an average (71.2±10.5) years. All patients were treated with VBS system PKP surgery, and zoledronic acid injection was used for anti-osteoporosis treatment after operation. The VAS scores ODI, the height of diseasedvertebral lost were compared before operation, 3 d and half a year after operation, and whether there was re-fracture of diseased or adjacent vertevrae after operation was observed. RESULTS: Before operation, 3 d and half a year after operation, VAS scores were 7.60±0.12, 3.00±0.46, 1.20±0.23, ODI were(82.00±0.32)%, (30.00±1.50) %, (18.00±0.16) %, the height of diseased vertebral lost were (12.00±0.43) mm, (3.00± 0.15) mm, (3.60±0.51) mm respectively. Postoperative VAS score, ODI, the height of diseased vertebral lost were obviously improved (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between 3 d and half a year after operation (P>0.05). All the 48 patients were followed up with an average time of (6.6±0.5) months. All the incisions healed at grade A after operation, and no re-fracture of diseased vertebrae or adjacent vertebrae was found at the final follow-up. CONCLUSION: VBS system and PKP combined with zoledronic acid in the treatment of OVCFs not only may effectively relieve the pain in the thoracolumbar back, improve the mobility of the thoracolumbar, but also can restore the height of the vertebral body to the maximum extent, and prevent the re-fracture of the affected vertebrae and adjacent vertebrae, which is worthy to spread in clinic.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentos para Ossos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Ácido Zoledrônico
7.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(9): 831-6, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: From the perspective of clinical application to analyze the effectiveness and reliability of CPC/PMMA bone cement in percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for the treatment of elderly patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 62 patients with osteoporotic compression fracture of single-vertebral thoracic or lumbar segment who underwent PKP surgery and had a bone density less than or equal to -3.0 SD from February 2016 to December 2016. Among them, 23 patients were in CPC/PMMA group, with an average age of (77.6±2.2) years old, 39 patients in PMMA group, with an average age of (77.1±1.1) years old. The indexes between two groups were compared, including the visual analogue scale (VAS), height ratio of anterior vertebra (AVHR), local Cobb angle, cement leakage, new adjacent vertebral fracture(NAVF). RESULTS: There were no significant difference in gender, age, follow-up time and preoperative VAS, AVHR, local Cobb angle between two groups (P>0.05), at the 1 day after operation, VAS, AVHR, local Cobb angle in all patients got obvious improvement (P<0.05), which was no significant difference at 1 day after operation and final follow-up (P>0.05). At the same time, there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of new adjacent vertebral fracture and cement leakage (P>0.05). The pain in both groups continued to improve at follow up after operation (P<0.05), the local Cobb angle increased (P<0.05) and AVHR decreased slightly (P<0.05). However, the images of conventional methods (X-ray or CT) could not find signs about CPC degeneration and new bone ingrowth. CONCLUSION: CPC/PMMA composite bone cement is safe and reliablein PKP for treatment of elderly patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures, which can effectively relieve pain and maintain vertebral body stability. It has the same curative effect as PMMA bone cement. It was worthy to research more in future, although no direct evidences support the CPC/PMMA composite bone cement can reduce the incidence of adjacent vertebral fracture, CPC degeneration or new bone ingrowth.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Idoso , Cimentos para Ossos , Fosfatos de Dinucleosídeos , Humanos , Polimetil Metacrilato , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(9): 837-41, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early clinical efficacy and safety of vesselplasty for the treatment of spinal metastases complicated by posterior wall destruction of vertebral body. METHODS: The clinical data of 19 patients(21 segments) with spinal metastases complicated by posterior wall destruction of vertebral body treated from January 2016 to January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 15 males and 4 females, aged 40 to 85 years old with a mean of (66.00±10.25) years . All patients had severe low back pain before the operation, which were diagnosed by CT as damage-type metastatic tumor of the vertebral posterior wall. All patients were treated by vesselplasty technique. Nineteen vertebrae received percutaneous unilateral pedicle puncture and two vertebrae received percutaneous bilateral pedicle puncture. VAS, ODI were recorded before operation, 1 d and 3 d after operation respectively. X-ray and CT scan were used to observe bone cement leakage and complications. RESULTS: All the operations were successful and postoperative pain was significantly relieved. Postoperative VAS score and ODI of the two groups were significantly improved (P<0.05). A small amount of bone cement leakage occurred in one vertebral body, which was a vertebral venous plexus leakage, but no clinical symptoms after operation. CONCLUSION: Vesselplasty for the treatment of spinal metastases complicated by posterior wall destruction of vertebral body can significantly reduce the symptoms of thoracolumbar back pain, improve the quality of life, reduce the incidence of bone cement leakage, and has high clinical efficacy and safety.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentos para Ossos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(9): 1136-1141, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929907

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of robot-guided percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) in treatment of multi-segmental thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). Methods: A clinical data of 63 cases with multi-segmental thoracolumbar OVCF without neurologic deficit treated with PKP between October 2017 and February 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into robot-guided group (33 cases) and traditional fluoroscopy group (30 cases). There was no significant difference in gender, age, fracture segment, bone mineral density, and preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score, midline vertebral height, and Cobb angle between the two groups ( P>0.05). The time to establish the tunnel, the times of fluoroscopy, the dose of fluoroscopy, the deviation of puncture, the distribution of bone cement, the leakage of bone cement, the puncture angle, and the postoperative VAS score, midline vertebral height, and Cobb angle were recorded and compared. Results: The patients in two groups were followed up 11-13 months (mean, 12 months). Compared with traditional fluoroscopy group, the time to establish the tunnel, the times and dose of fluoroscopy in robot-guided group were significantly lower, the deviation of puncture was slighter, the distribution of bone cement was better, and the puncture angle was larger, the differences between the two groups were significant ( P<0.05). There were 8 segments (9.3%, 8/86) of bone leakage in robot-guided group and 17 segments (22.6%, 17/75) in traditional fluoroscopy group, the difference between the two groups was significant ( χ 2=5.455, P=0.020). There was no significant difference in VAS score, the midline vertebral height, and Cobb angle between the two groups at 2 days after operation and last follow-up ( P>0.05). Conclusion: Robot-guided PKP in treatment of multi-segmental thoracolumbar OVCF can shorten the operation time, improve the accuracy of puncture, reduce the times and dose of fluoroscopy, reduce the leakage of bone cement, and achieve better cement distribution.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Robótica , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Cimentos para Ossos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21731, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis was performed to incorporate newly published, high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the effects of cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty for elderly patients with displaced fracture of the femoral neck. METHODS: The following electronic databases were extensively searched from the inception of the database through December 2018: EMBASE, Medline, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. RCTs focusing on the outcomes of cemented and uncemented hemiarthroplasty were reviewed and screened for eligibility. We used the Cochrane Collaboration's Review Manager Software to perform meta-analyses. Two independent reviewers extracted the data and assessed the study quality and bias risk through the Cochrane Collaboration tool. Use fixed effect model or random effect model to pooled data. Cochran's Q statistic was used to evaluate heterogeneity, and I statistic was used to quantify heterogeneity. RESULTS: Fifteen RCTs were enrolled (n = 3790) (uncemented hemiarthroplasty group = 1015; cemented hemiarthroplasty group = 1037) (mean age ranged from 70-85.3 years; all patients > 65 years). The meta-analysis showed that cemented hemiarthroplasty has a longer operating time (weighted mean difference, 8.03; 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.83-11.23; P < .00001), less pain (odds ratio, 0.48; 95% CI 4.83-11.23; P = .02), lower mortality 1-year (odds ratio, 0.78; 95% CI 0.62-0.98; P = .03) and fewer implant-related complications (odds ratio, 0.20; 95% CI 0.13-0.30; P < .00001) than Uncemented hemiarthroplasty. However, there are still some limitations in our study, such as the uniformity of the surgery administration programme and rehabilitation scheme, and the small sample size of the included studies. CONCLUSIONS: Cemented hemiarthroplasty for elderly patients with displaced fracture of femoral neck may acquire better functional results.


Assuntos
Cimentos para Ossos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Hemiartroplastia/mortalidade , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reoperação
11.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(8): 979-984, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794665

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effectiveness of tibial transverse transport combined with the antibiotics embedded bone cement in the treatment of chronic infection of foot and ankle with lower extremity ischemic diseases. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 28 patients with ischemic diseases of lower extremities associated with chronic foot and ankle infection who were treated with tibial transverse transport combined with antibiotic bone cement between August 2015 and October 2019. There were 22 males and 6 females, with an average age of 65.6 years (range, 41-86 years). There were 25 cases of diabetic foot, 2 cases of arteriosclerosis obliterans, and 1 case of thromboangiitis obliterans. The course of infection ranged from 1 to 27 years, with an average of 14.9 years. The healing condition and time of foot and ankle in all patients were recorded and compared, and the Wagner grading and WIFi (W: lower extremity wound classification; I: ischemic classification; Fi: foot infection classification) grading were compared before and at last follow-up. Results: The wound surface of 1 diabetic foot patient improved at 111 days after operation, without purulent secretion, and lost follow-up. The remaining 27 cases were followed up 5 to 21 months (mean, 8.4 months). There was no necrosis in the tibial osteotomy incision and the local flap. After operation, 21 cases showed needle reaction of external fixator, but the needle infection gradually improved after the corresponding treatment. Among the 24 patients with diabetic foot, 1 died of multiple organ failure due to pulmonary infection. Acute lower extremity vascular embolism occurred in 1 case, and the foot was amputated due to acute gangrene. In the remaining 22 cases, the wound healing time of foot and ankle was 2.5-11.0 months (mean, 4.6 months). At last follow-up, Wagner grading and WIFi grading of the patients were significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). One patient with thromboangiitis obliterans had foot and ankle healing at 6 months after operation. Two patients with lower extremity arteriosclerosis obliterans had foot and ankle healing at 16 and 18 months after operation, respectively. Conclusion: Tibial transverse transport combined with the antibiotics embedded bone cement is effective in treating chronic infection of foot and ankle with lower extremity ischemic diseases.


Assuntos
Tornozelo , Infecções , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos , Cimentos para Ossos , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 997-1002, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731820

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the use of antibiotic-loaded bone cement influenced the risk of revision surgery after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis. METHODS: The study involved data collected by the National Joint Registry (NJR) for England and Wales, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man between 1 September 2005 and 31 August 2017. Cox proportional hazards were used to investigate the association between use of antibiotic-loaded bone cement and the risk of revision due to prosthetic joint infection (PJI), with adjustments made for the year of the initial procedure, age at the time of surgery, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade, head size, and body mass index (BMI). We looked also at the association between use of antibiotic-loaded bone cement and the risk of revision due to aseptic loosening or osteolysis. RESULTS: The cohort included 418,857 THAs of whom 397,896 had received antibiotic-loaded bone cement and 20,961 plain cement. After adjusting for putative confounding factors, the risk of revision for PJI was lower in those in whom antibiotic-loaded bone cement was used (hazard ration (HR) 0.79; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.64 to 0.98). There was also a protective effect on the risk of revision due to aseptic loosening or osteolysis, in the period of > 4.1 years after primary THA, HR 0.57, 95% CI 0.45, 0.72. CONCLUSION: Within the limits of registry analysis, this study showed an association between the use of antibiotic-loaded bone cement and lower rates of revision due to PJI. The findings support the continued use of antibiotic-loaded bone cement in cemented THA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):997-1002.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos/farmacologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Inglaterra , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Irlanda do Norte , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Falha de Prótese , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , País de Gales
13.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 1016-1024, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731825

RESUMO

AIMS: Although bone cement is the primary mode of fixation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), cementless fixation is gaining interest as it has the potential of achieving lasting biological fixation. By 3D printing an implant, highly porous structures can be manufactured, promoting osseointegration into the implant to prevent aseptic loosening. This study compares the migration of cementless, 3D-printed TKA to cemented TKA of a similar design up to two years of follow-up using radiostereometric analysis (RSA) known for its ability to predict aseptic loosening. METHODS: A total of 72 patients were randomized to either cementless 3D-printed or a cemented cruciate retaining TKA. RSA and clinical scores were evaluated at baseline and postoperatively at three, 12, and 24 months. A mixed model was used to analyze the repeated measurements. RESULTS: The mean maximum total point motion (MTPM) at three, 12, and 24 months was 0.33 mm (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.25 to 0.42), 0.42 mm (95% CI 0.33 to 0.51), and 0.47 mm (95% CI 0.38 to 0.57) respectively in the cemented group, versus 0.52 mm (95% CI 0.43 to 0.63), 0.62 mm (95% CI 0.52 to 0.73), and 0.64 mm (95% CI 0.53 to 0.75) in the cementless group (p = 0.003). However, using three months as baseline, no difference in mean migration between groups was found (p = 0.497). Three implants in the cemented group showed a > 0.2 mm increase in MTPM between one and two years of follow-up. In the cementless group, one implant was revised due to pain and progressive migration, and one patient had a liner-exchange due to a deep infection. CONCLUSION: The cementless TKA migrated more than the cemented TKA in the first two-year period. This difference was mainly due to a higher initial migration of the cementless TKA in the first three postoperative months after which stabilization was observed in all but one malaligned and early revised TKA. Whether the biological fixation of the cementless implants will result in an increased long-term survivorship requires a longer follow-up. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):1016-1024.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Cimentos para Ossos/farmacologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Falha de Prótese , Análise Radioestereométrica/métodos , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Migração de Corpo Estranho/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação/métodos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 1025-1032, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731836

RESUMO

AIMS: Total knee arthroplasty is an established treatment for knee osteoarthritis with excellent long-term results, but there remains controversy about the role of uncemented prostheses. We present the long-term results of a randomized trial comparing an uncemented tantalum metal tibial component with a conventional cemented component of the same implant design. METHODS: Patients under the age of 70 years with symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee were randomized to receive either an uncemented tantalum metal tibial monoblock component or a standard cemented modular component. The mean age at time of recruitment to the study was 63 years (50 to 70), 46 (51.1%) knees were in male patients, and the mean body mass index was 30.4 kg/m2 (21 to 36). The same cruciate retaining total knee system was used in both groups. All patients received an uncemented femoral component and no patients had their patella resurfaced. Patient outcomes were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively using the modified Oxford Knee Score, Knee Society Score, and 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-12) score. Radiographs were analyzed using the American Knee Society Radiograph Evaluation score. Operative complications, reoperations, or revision surgery were recorded. A total of 90 knees were randomized and at last review 77 knees were assessed. In all, 11 patients had died and two were lost to follow-up. RESULTS: At final review all patients were between 11 and 15 years following surgery. In total, 41 of the knees were cemented and 36 uncemented. There were no revisions in the cemented group and one revision in the uncemented group for fracture. The uncemented group reported better outcomes with both statistically and clinically significant (p = 0.001) improvements in knee-specific Oxford and Knee Society scores compared with the cemented group. The global SF-12 scores demonstrated no statistical difference (p = 0.812). Uncemented knees had better radiological analysis compared with the cemented group (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Use of an uncemented trabecular metal tibial implant can afford better long-term clinical outcomes when compared to cemented tibial components of a matched design. However, both have excellent survivorship up to 15 years after implantation. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):1025-1032.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos/farmacologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Falha de Prótese , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Metais/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco , Método Simples-Cego , Tantálio/uso terapêutico , Tíbia/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237047, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745086

RESUMO

Deep prosthetic hip infection is a devastating complication of hip replacement surgery, and treatment often involves multiple revision surgeries with antibiotic chemotherapy to control the infection. The aim of this study was to explore patients' experiences of early and longer-term recovery after one-stage or two-stage revision with an excised hip, a temporary cement spacer or a custom-made articulating spacer. We interviewed 32 participants taking part in a surgical trial at two time points (2-4 months and 18 months) following one- or two-stage revision surgery. The analytic approach was inductive using the constant comparative method to generate themes from the data. Participants' early recovery after revision was characterised by a long hospital stay with burdensome antibiotics and limited physiotherapy provision. Participants undergoing two-stage revision with an excised hip or a cement spacer described severe mobility restrictions which affected all aspects of their lives, while those undergoing one-stage revision, or two-stage revision with an articulating spacer were more mobile and independent, with some limitations. Participants with a cement spacer also reported more pain than other treatment groups, while those with an articulating spacer appeared to perceive that their recovery was slow. At 18 months, participants in all groups described both improvements and losses in mobility and functional ability. Participants in all treatment groups expressed considerable emotional resilience during recovery from revision, which may be linked to opportunities to talk with the trial personnel. Participants identified the need for better information and psychological and physical support. Experience of recovery differs after one- and two-stage revision, and further in relation to the use of spacers. Mobility, function, independence and pain are important aspects of recovery which affect all aspects of day-to-day life. Increased information and more opportunities to talk and share experiences may provide psychological support during recovery.


Assuntos
Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/psicologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Reoperação/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Infecciosa/tratamento farmacológico , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Cimentos para Ossos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Articulações/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próteses e Implantes/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Reoperação/efeitos adversos
16.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(14): e586-e594, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692094

RESUMO

Notable advances in hip arthroplasty implants and techniques over the past 60 years have yielded excellent survivorship of fully cemented, hybrid, and reverse hybrid total hip replacements as demonstrated in joint registries worldwide. Major advances in noncemented implants have reduced the use of cement, particularly in North America. Noncemented implants predominate today based on procedural efficiency, concern related to thromboembolic risk, and a historic belief that cement was the primary cause of osteolysis and implant loosening. With the decline of cemented techniques, press-fit fixation has become common even in osteoporotic elderly patients. Unfortunately, there is a troubling rise in intraoperative, as well as early and late postoperative periprosthetic fractures associated with the use of noncemented implants. Despite the success of noncemented fixation, an understanding of modern cement techniques and cemented implant designs is useful to mitigate the risk of periprosthetic fractures. Cemented acetabular components can be considered in elderly patients with osteoporotic or pathologic bone. Cemented stems should be considered with abnormal proximal femoral morphology, conversion of failed hip fixation, inflammatory arthritis, patient age over 75 (especially women), osteoporotic bone (Dorr C), and in the treatment of femoral neck fractures.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Periprotéticas/etiologia , Fraturas Periprotéticas/prevenção & controle , Desenho de Prótese , Idoso , Feminino , Fraturas Espontâneas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoporose , Falha de Prótese
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(26): e20892, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590796

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) tend to be immunosuppressed due to RA itself and the therapeutic drugs administered. The management of surgical site infection (SSI) following upper cervical spinal instrumented fusion in RA patients is challenging; however, literature on the treatment for such conditions is scarce. We report 3 consecutive patients with RA, who developed deep SSI following upper cervical posterior fusion and were treated using antibiotic-loaded bone cement (ALBC). PATIENT CONCERNS: All 3 patients reported in the current study experienced compression myelopathy with upper cervical spinal deformity and received prednisolone and methotrexate for controlling RA preoperatively. The patient in Case 1 underwent C1-2 posterior fusion and developed deep SSI due to methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus at 3 months postoperatively; the patient in Case 2 underwent occipito-C2 posterior fusion and developed deep SSI due to methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus at 2 weeks postoperatively; and the patient in Case 3 underwent occipito-C2 posterior instrumented fusion and laminoplasty at C3-7, and developed deep SSI due to methicillin-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci at 3 weeks postoperatively. DIAGNOSIS: All patients developed deep staphylococcal SSI in the postoperative period. INTERVENTIONS: All 3 patients were treated using ALBC placed on and around the instrumentation to cover them and occupy the dead space after radical open debridement. OUTCOMES: The deep infection was resolved uneventfully after the single surgical intervention retaining spinal instrumentation. Good clinical outcomes of the initial surgery were maintained until the final follow-up without recurrence of SSI in all 3 cases. CONCLUSION: ALBC embedding spinal instrumentation procedure can be a viable treatment for curing SSI in complex cases, such as patients with RA who undergo high cervical fusion surgeries without implant removal.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Cimentos para Ossos/uso terapêutico , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/etiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/fisiopatologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/patogenicidade , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/cirurgia
18.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(6): 564-6, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573164

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of membrane induced by antibiotic-loaded bone cement in skin grafting for tendon exposed wound healing. METHODS: A total of 10 traumatic patients with tendon exposed wound were admitted to our department between February 2016 and December 2018, including 6 males and 4 females, with a mean age of 34.6 years old (ranged, 19 to 43 years old), and treatment duration ranged from 2 to 6 months. There were 7 cases of traffic accidents, 3 cases of mechanical belt injuries, including 8 cases of lower leg and foot wounds and 2 cases of hand back wounds. These tendons exposed wound were covered by antibiotic-loaded bone cement at the earlier stageto induce the formation of the biomembrane, and then skin grafting were performed on the induced membrane. The survival, appearance, texture, sensation of the skin grafting and healing condition of the wounds were studied. RESULTS: Among the 10 patients, skin graft survived well in 8 patients. Partial skin graft necrosis occurred in 2 patients and cured by dressing. CONCLUSION: Using antibiotic bone cement to seal the wound to form induction membrane followed by skin grafting can effectively repair the tendon exposed wound, which has the characteristics of simple operation and less trauma.


Assuntos
Cicatrização , Adulto , Antibacterianos , Cimentos para Ossos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Tendões , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(6): 572-5, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573166

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether femoral plasty can improve the fracture resistance of osteoporotic femoral specimens and prevent hip fracture, and to compare the difference of mechanical strength changes between two different femoral plasty methods in osteoporotic femoral specimens, so as to determine the best strengthening area of the plasty. METHODS: Eighteen pairs of fresh osteoporotic femur specimens were collected and divided into two groups, A and B, 9 pairs in each group. Nine fresh osteoporotic femur specimens in each group were randomly selected for enhancement, and the corresponding contralateral specimens were used as control group. In group A1, the enhancement areas were femoral head, femoral neck, femoral trochanter and subtrochantericregion. And in group B1, the enhancement areas were femoral head, femoral neck and femoral trochanter region. The amount of cement injected into the femoral neck was recorded and the surface temperature of the femoral neck was measured. All specimens were biomechanically tested under simulated falls. Load-displacement curves, final loads were recorded. The final energy and stiffness of specimens were calculated. The biomechanical differences between the specimens of the enhancement group and those of the corresponding control group were compared, and the mechanical changes of the specimens by two different enhancement methods were compared. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the ultimate load and energy of the specimens in the enhanced group increased significantly, but the stiffness did not change significantly. There was no significant difference in final load and energy between specimens strengthened by two different methods. CONCLUSION: Femoral plasty has the advantages of minimally invasive, simple operationand remarkable effect. It can be used as a new method to prevent osteoporotic hip fracture.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Cimentos para Ossos , Fêmur , Colo do Fêmur , Humanos
20.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(6_Supple_A): 158-162, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475268

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare the ability of tantalum, 3D porous titanium, antibiotic-loaded bone cement, and smooth titanium alloy to inhibit staphylococci in an in vitro environment, based on the evaluation of the zone of inhibition (ZOI). The hypothesis was that there would be no significant difference in the inhibition of methicillin-sensitive or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA/MRSA) between the two groups. METHODS: A total of 30 beads made of three different materials (tantalum/3D porous titanium and smooth titanium alloy) were bathed for one hour in a solution of 1 g vancomycin in 20 ml of sterile water for injection (bath concentration: 50 mg/mL). Ten 1 cm3 cylinders of antibiotic-loaded cement were also created by mixing standard surgical cement with 1 g of vancomycin in standardized sterile moulds. The cylinders were then placed on agar plates inoculated with MSSA and MRSA. The ZOIs were measured each day and the cylinders were transferred onto a new inoculated plate. RESULTS: For MSSA and MRSA, no inhibitory effect was found in the control group, and antibiotic-loaded smooth titanium alloy beads showed a short inhibitory effect until day 2. For MSSA, both tantalum and 3D porous titanium beads showed significantly larger mean ZOIs than cement beads (all p < 0.01) each day until day 7 for tantalum and until day 3 for 3D porous titanium. After six days, antibiotic-loaded cement had significantly larger mean ZOIs than the 3D porous titanium (p = 0.027), but no significant difference was found with tantalum (p = 0.082). For MRSA, both tantalum and 3D porous titanium beads had significantly larger mean ZOIs than antibiotic-loaded cement each day until day 6 for tantalum (all p < 0.01) and until day 3 for 3D porous titanium (all p < 0.04). Antibiotic-loaded cement had significantly larger mean ZOIs than tantalum and 3D porous titanium from day 7 to 9 (all p < 0.042). CONCLUSION: These results show that porous metal implants can deliver local antibiotics over slightly varying time frames based on in vitro analysis. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(6 Supple A):158-162.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Cimentos para Ossos , Portadores de Fármacos , Próteses e Implantes , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Tantálio , Titânio , Vancomicina/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Vancomicina/farmacologia
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