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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(2): 751-758, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study investigated a novel combined therapy of rosmarinic acid (RA)/blue light on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell proliferation in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HNSCC cells were exposed to BL (500 mW/cm2) for 90 s, and incubated with 80 µg/ml RA for 1 hour. Cell viability was determined after 24 h using WST-1 assay. Western blot was used to detect treatment-induced changes in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitric oxide levels were quantified using CM-H2DCFH-DA assays. Apoptosis was assessed using Annexin V/PI staining and flow cytometry. RESULTS: RA/blue light treatment resulted in a significant reduction in cell viability, EGFR activation and H2O2 levels in all HNSCC cell lines. However, no significant changes in NO production or apoptosis induction were found. CONCLUSION: RA/blue light effectively decreased HNSCC cell proliferation through reduction in EGFR activation and H2O2 production, and not via induction of apoptosis.


Assuntos
Cinamatos/farmacologia , Depsídeos/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Fototerapia/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia Combinada , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia
2.
Chem Biodivers ; 17(1): e1900683, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797569
3.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 19(1): 66-70, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845952

RESUMO

Photoprotection, including the use of sunscreen, has been shown to decrease the development of keratinocyte cancers and melanoma. Due to concerns about the environmental effects of some organic UVR filters, several locations across the world have begun to pass legislation banning the use of these ingredients in sunscreens. Furthermore, the health effects of several organic UVR filters have also been called into question and a recent proposal by the US FDA has resulted in public confusion about the safety of sunscreens. The aim of this article is to discuss FDA regulation of sunscreens and to review the environmental and health effects of oxybenzone and octinoxate. Ultimately, as dermatologists, our recommendations are to continue to encourage people to practice proper photoprotection including photoprotective clothing, staying in the shade while outdoors, and applying sunscreen to exposed areas. For those concerned about the potential environmental and health effects of organic UVR filters, inorganic/mineral UVR filter (namely, zinc oxide and titanium dioxide)-based sunscreens can be used.


Assuntos
Protetores Solares/legislação & jurisprudência , United States Food and Drug Administration/legislação & jurisprudência , Benzofenonas/farmacologia , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Humanos , Protetores Solares/farmacologia , Titânio/farmacologia , Estados Unidos , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia
4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 185: 111786, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671308

RESUMO

In this paper, we described the synthesis and cytotoxic activities of two new series of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine and thieno[3,2-d] pyrimidine derivatives. Most of the synthesized compounds had significant antiproliferative activities against PC3, MDA-MB-231, A549, and HeLa cell lines in comparison to the reference drug, erlotinib. Compounds N-(4-((3,5-dichlorophenyl)amino)thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-6-yl)cinnamamide 8e and (E)-N-(4-((3,4-dichlorophenyl)amino)thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-6-yl)-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)acrylamide 8g with IC50 values of 4 nM and 33 nM, respectively, against HeLa cell line were chosen for further studies. The apoptosis induced activity and cell cycle arrest were determined and the results provided evidence that these compounds induced cell death via apoptosis and arrested cell growth in sub-G1 phase. In addition, western blot analysis manifested the promising result of suppressing the EGFR signaling pathway (p-EGFR/p-ERK1/2). The docking studies appreciated the considerable potency of compound 8e based on hydrogen and covalent binding interactions. Eventually, in silico pharmacokinetic prediction indicated the acceptable bioavailability of all final compounds.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Citotoxinas/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cinamatos/síntese química , Cinamatos/química , Citotoxinas/síntese química , Citotoxinas/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
Talanta ; 206: 120195, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514831

RESUMO

The ability to separate bioactive compounds from herbal medicines, which contain abundant components, is crucial for drug discovery. Conventional Countercurrent chromatography (CCC) methods for separating bioactive compounds are labor intensive and show low efficiency. Here, we present a novel integrative CCC method for separating lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) inhibitors from the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza (RSM). The methanol extracts of RSM were separated into hydrosoluble and liposoluble fractions, which were online stored in coils. Subsequently, the targeting LSD1 constituents were isolated using isocratic, gradient, or recycling elution mode. All separation processes could be accomplished using one CCC apparatus. Using our separation strategy, two phenylpropanoids and four tanshinones were isolated, which were determined to be new classes of natural LSD1 inhibitors. Salvianolic acid B, which showed the most potent inhibitory activity with an IC50 of 0.11 µM, exhibiting a considerable potential as an anticancer agent. Promisingly, the integrative CCC could be a crucial tool for the target separation of enzyme inhibitors from herbal medicines.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Histona Desmetilases/antagonistas & inibidores , Raízes de Plantas/química , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , Benzofuranos/isolamento & purificação , Benzofuranos/metabolismo , Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cinamatos/isolamento & purificação , Cinamatos/metabolismo , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Distribuição Contracorrente/métodos , Depsídeos/isolamento & purificação , Depsídeos/metabolismo , Depsídeos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores Enzimáticos/metabolismo , Histona Desmetilases/metabolismo , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fenantrenos/isolamento & purificação , Fenantrenos/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Ligação Proteica
6.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(11): e201901102, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859816

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of Picroside II on testicular ischemia and reperfusion (l/R) injury and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: sham operated group (Sham), Sham with Picroside II treatment group (Sham+ Pic II), l/R group (l/R) and l/R with Picroside II treatment group (I/R+ Pic II). l/R model was established by rotating the left testis 720° in a clock-wise direction for 4 hours. The histopathologic and spermatogenetic evaluation was performed. The apoptosis changes and the levels of HO-1 (heme oxygenase-1), MPO (myeloperoxidase), NOX (NADPH oxidase), SOD (superoxide dismutase), XO (xanthine oxidase) and NOS (nitric oxide synthase) were measured. RESULTS: The seminiferous tubules were damaged in l/R rats, but Picroside II alleviated the changes induced by l/R. The increased level of apoptosis was decreased by Picroside II (P=0.01, 9.05±0.35 vs. 4.85±0.25). The activities of HO-1, MPO, NOX, XO and MDA content were increased and the SOD activity was decreased in l/R (P<0.05) and could be reversed by Picroside II (P=0.03, 405.5±7.5 vs. 304±17U/mgprot; P=0.02, 0.99±0.05 vs. 0.52±0.04 mgprot; P=0.01, 260+7 vs. 189±2 mgprot; P=0.04, 10.95+0.55 vs. 8.75+0.35 U/mgprot; P=0.045, 6.8+0.7 vs. 3.75+0.35 mgprot; P=0.04, 44.5+3.5 vs. 57.5+3.5 mgprot). Western blot showed that the expression of iNOS, nNOS and eNOS were increased in l/R (P<0.05); however, they were decreased after Picroside II treatment (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Picroside II attenuated testicular I/R injury in rats mainly through suppressing apoptosis and oxidative stress through reduction of nitric oxide synthesis.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Glucosídeos Iridoides/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Testículo/irrigação sanguínea , Animais , Western Blotting , Heme Oxigenase-1/análise , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Masculino , Malondialdeído/análise , NADP/análise , Peroxidase/análise , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Superóxido Dismutase/análise , Testículo/patologia , Xantina Oxidase/análise
7.
Chem Biol Interact ; 314: 108847, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610155

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) is one of the toxic heavy metals that have several toxicological implications including cytotoxicities and oxidative stress. The release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) usually initiates lipid peroxidation and resulting in inflammation and tissue injury. However, the detailed identification of the Pb-produced lipid hydroperoxides has received little attention. Furthermore, the mechanisms behind such effects are less informed. Therefore, this study firstly investigated Pb-produced lipid hydroperoxides in human HepG2 cells using LC/MS. The effects of Pb on the antioxidant enzymes were additionally examined using qPCR and their dependent activities. As a protection trial, the ameliorative effects of rosmarinic (RMA) and ascorbic (ASA) acids on Pb-induced cytotoxicity and oxidative stress and their regulatory effects on Nrf2/Keap1 pathway were investigated. The achieved results confirmed cytotoxicity and oxidative damage of Pb on HepG2 cells. In addition, 20 lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH) were identified including 11 phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxides (PCOOH), 5 triacylglycerol hydroperoxides (TGOOH) and 4 cholesteryl ester hydroperoxides (CEOOH). The most dominant LOOH species were PCOOH 34:2, PCOOH 34:3, PCOOH 38:7, TGOOH 60:14, TGOOH 60:15, CEOOH 18:3 and CEOOH 20:4. Pb significantly downregulated Nrf2-regulated antioxidant enzymes at both the pretranscriptional and functional levels. Co-exposure of HepG2 cells to RMA and ASA significantly reduced Pb-produced adverse outcomes. This protection occurred via activation Nrf2-Keap1 antioxidant pathway.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico/química , Cinamatos/química , Depsídeos/química , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Chumbo/química , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Depsídeos/farmacologia , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Chumbo/toxicidade , Peróxidos Lipídicos/análise , Peróxidos Lipídicos/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas , NAD(P)H Desidrogenase (Quinona)/genética , NAD(P)H Desidrogenase (Quinona)/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase-1/genética , Superóxido Dismutase-1/metabolismo
8.
Molecules ; 24(19)2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591315

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori infection is a WHO class 1 carcinogenic factor of gastric adenocarcinoma. In the past decades, many studies have demonstrated the increasing trend of antibiotic resistance and pointed out the necessity of new effective treatment. This study was aimed at identifying phytochemicals that can inhibit H. pylori and possibly serve as adjuvant treatments. Here, in silico molecular docking and drug-like properties analyses were performed to identify potential inhibitors of urease, shikimate kinase and aspartate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase. These three enzymes are targets of the treatment of H. pylori. Susceptibility and synergistic testing were performed on the selected phytochemicals and the positive control antibiotic, amoxicillin. The in-silico study revealed that oroxindin, rosmarinic acid and verbascoside are inhibitors of urease, shikimate kinase and aspartate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, respectively, in which, oroxindin has the highest potency against H. pylori, indicated by a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of 50 µg/mL. A combination of oroxindin and amoxicillin demonstrated additive effects against H. pylori, as indicated by a fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) value of 0.75. This study identified phytochemicals that deserve further investigation for the development of adjuvant therapeutic agents to current antibiotics against H. pylori.


Assuntos
Amoxicilina/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Aspartato-Semialdeído Desidrogenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Cromonas/química , Cromonas/farmacologia , Cinamatos/química , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Claritromicina/farmacologia , Simulação por Computador , Depsídeos/química , Depsídeos/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Glucuronatos/química , Glucuronatos/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/antagonistas & inibidores , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Urease/antagonistas & inibidores
9.
Fitoterapia ; 139: 104375, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629050

RESUMO

Picrasamide A (1), a new cinnamamide derivative, together with two new ß-carboline alkaloids (2 and 3) and five known ß-carboline alkaloids (4-8) were isolated from the stems of Picrasma quassioides (D. Don) Benn. Their structures were elucidated by detailed analyses of UV, IR, HRESIMS, and NMR data. Compound 1 was the first case of cinnamamide derivative from genus Picrasma. The AChE inhibitory activity and the antimicrobial activity of 1-8 were assessed. In addition, preliminary structure-activity relationships of these ß-carboline alkaloids on the AChE inhibitory activity and antimicrobial activity were proposed.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Picrasma/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Carbolinas/isolamento & purificação , Carbolinas/farmacologia , China , Inibidores da Colinesterase/isolamento & purificação , Cinamatos/isolamento & purificação , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Caules de Planta/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(45): 12357-12365, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596575

RESUMO

A series of isothiazole, 1,2,3-thiadiazole, and thiazole-based cinnamamide morpholine derivatives were rationally designed, synthesized, characterized, and evaluated for their fungicidal activities. Bioassay indicated that a combination of 3,4-dichloroisothiazole active substructures with cinnamamide morpholine lead to significant improvement of in vivo antifungal activities of the target compounds; among them, compound 5a exhibited good fungicidal activity against Pseudoperonspera cubensis in vivo with an inhibition rate of 100% at 100 µg/mL. A field experiment indicated that the difference of efficacy between 5a (75.9%) and dimethomorph (77.1%) at 37.5 g ai/667 m2 was not significant; and 5a also exhibited good activity against Botrytis cinerea by triggering accumulation of PAL and NPR1 defense-related gene expression and the defense associated enzyme phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) expression on cucumber, rather than direct inhibition. These findings strongly supported that 3,4-dichloroisothiazole containing cinnamamide morpholine 5a not only showed good fungicidal activity against P. cubensis but also exhibited plant innate immunity stimulation activity as a promising fungicide candidate with both fungicidal activity and systemic acquired resistance.


Assuntos
Cinamatos/química , Fungicidas Industriais/síntese química , Tiadiazóis/química , Tiazóis/química , Botrytis/efeitos dos fármacos , Botrytis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Cucumis sativus/efeitos dos fármacos , Cucumis sativus/genética , Cucumis sativus/metabolismo , Cucumis sativus/microbiologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Fungicidas Industriais/química , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiadiazóis/farmacologia
11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(42): 11638-11649, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532204

RESUMO

Naturally occurring cinnamon compounds such as cinnamaldehyde (CAL) and structurally related constituents have been associated with antiobesity activities, although studies regarding the impact on intestinal fatty acid uptake are scarce. Here, we demonstrate the effects of CAL and structural analogues cinnamyl alcohol (CALC), cinnamic acid (CAC), and cinnamyl isobutyrate on mechanisms regulating intestinal fatty acid uptake in differentiated Caco-2 cells. CAL, CALC, and CAC (3000 µM) were found to decrease fatty acid uptake by 58.0 ± 8.83, 19.4 ± 8.98, and 21.9 ± 6.55%, respectively. While CAL and CALC at a concentration of 300 µM increased serotonin release 14.9 ± 3.00- and 2.72 ± 0.69-fold, respectively, serotonin alone showed no effect on fatty acid uptake. However, CAL revealed transient receptor potential channel A1-dependency in the decrease of fatty acid uptake, as well as in CAL-induced serotonin release. Overall, CAL was identified as the most potent of the cinnamon constituents tested.


Assuntos
Acroleína/análogos & derivados , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Cinnamomum zeylanicum/química , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Propanóis/farmacologia , Acroleína/química , Acroleína/farmacologia , Transporte Biológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Células CACO-2 , Diferenciação Celular , Cinamatos/química , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Propanóis/química
12.
Eur J Med Chem ; 183: 111650, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539780

RESUMO

Inspired by the traditional Chinese herbal pair of Polygala tenuifolia-Acori Tatarinowii for treating epilepsy, 33 novel substituted cinnamic α-asaronol esters and analogues were designed by Combination of Traditional Chinese Medicine Molecular Chemistry (CTCMMC) strategy, synthesized and tested systematically not only for anticonvulsant activity in three mouse models but also for LDH inhibitory activity. Thereinto, 68-70 and 75 displayed excellent and broad spectra of anticonvulsant activities with modest ability in preventing neuropathic pain, as well as low neurotoxicity. The protective indices of these four compounds compared favorably with stiripentol, lacosamide, carbamazepine and valproic acid. 68-70 exhibited good LDH1 and LDH5 inhibitory activities with noncompetitive inhibition type, and were more potent than stiripentol. Notably, 70, as a representative agent, was also shown as a moderately positive allosteric modulator at human α1ß2γ2 GABAA receptors (EC50 46.3 ±â€¯7.3 µM). Thus, 68-70 were promising candidates for developing into anti-epileptic drugs, especially for treatment of refractory epilepsies such as Dravet syndrome.


Assuntos
Anisóis/química , Anticonvulsivantes/química , Cinamatos/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Ésteres/química , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Polygala/química , Regulação Alostérica , Animais , Anisóis/farmacologia , Anticonvulsivantes/farmacologia , Carbamazepina/química , Carbamazepina/farmacologia , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Dioxolanos/química , Dioxolanos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Ésteres/farmacologia , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Neuralgia/prevenção & controle , Receptores de GABA-A/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ácido Valproico/química , Ácido Valproico/farmacologia
13.
Eur J Med Chem ; 183: 111695, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541868

RESUMO

As for complex brain diseases involved with multiple pathogenic factors, it is extremely difficult to achieve curative effect by acting on a single target. Multi-approach drugs provide a promising prospect in the treatment of complex brain diseases and have been attracting more and more interest. Enlightened by synergetic effect of combination in traditional herb medicines, forty-two novel cinnamic acid derivatives were designed and synthesized by introducing capsaicin and/or ligustrazine moieties to enhance biological activities in both neurological function and neurovascular protection. Elevated levels of cell viability on human brain microvascular endothelium cell line (HBMEC-2) and human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y) against free radical injury were observed in most of compounds. Among them, compound 14a exhibited the most potent activities with a significant EC50 value of 3.26 ±â€¯0.16 µM (HBMEC-2) and 2.41 ±â€¯0.10 µM (SH-SY5Y). Subsequently, the results of morphological staining and flow cytometry analysis experiments on both cell lines showed that 14a had the potential to block apoptosis, maintain cell morphological integrity and protect physiological function of mitochondria. Moreover, 14a displayed specific angiogenesis effect in the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay; and the results of RT-PCR suggested that the mechanism for angiogenesis effect was associated with the enhancement of the expressions of VEGFR2 mRNA in chick embryo. Preliminary structure-activity relationship was analyzed. The above evidences suggested that conjunctures gained by combining active ingredients in traditional herb medicines deserved further study and might provide references in discovering dual-effective lead compounds for brain diseases.


Assuntos
Indutores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Indutores da Angiogênese/síntese química , Indutores da Angiogênese/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Capsaicina/química , Capsaicina/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cinamatos/síntese química , Cinamatos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/síntese química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirazinas/química , Pirazinas/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
14.
Eur J Med Chem ; 183: 111688, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542714

RESUMO

Leishmania braziliensis is one of the pathogenic agents of cutaneous and mucocutanoeous leishmaniasis. There are no validated vaccines to prevent the infection and the treatment relies on drugs that often present severe side effects, which justify the efforts to find new potential antileishmanial drugs. An alternative to promote the discovery of new drugs would be the association of different chemical groups of bioactive compounds. Here we describe the synthesis and bioactivity evaluation against L. braziliensis of cinnamic acid derivatives possessing isobenzofuranone and 1,2,3-triazole functionalities. We tested 25 compounds at 10 µM concentration against extracellular promastigotes and intracellular amastigotes during macrophage infection. Most compounds were more active against amastigotes than to promastigotes. The derivatives (E)-3-oxo-1,3-dihydroisobenzofuran-5-yl-(3,4,5-trimethoxy) cinnamate (5c), (1-(3,4-difluorobenzyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl cinnamate (9g), and (1-(2-bromobenzyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl cinnamate (9l) were the most effective presenting over 80% toxicity on L. braziliensis amastigotes. While compound 5c is a cinnamate with an isobenzofuranone portion, 9g and 9l are triazolic cinnamic acid derivatives. The action of these compounds was comparable to amphotericin B used as positive control. Ultrastructural analysis revealed that 5c-treated parasites showed impaired cytokinesis and apoptosis triggering. Taken together, these results highlight the potential of cinnamic acid derivatives in development of novel anti-leishmanial drugs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Leishmania braziliensis/efeitos dos fármacos , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Cinamatos/síntese química , Cinamatos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Estrutura Molecular , Testes de Sensibilidade Parasitária , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
Eur J Med Chem ; 183: 111723, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557613

RESUMO

A set of ortho-, meta- and para-substituted cinnamic hydroxamic acids (CHAs) was synthesized. In each series of structural isomers, a phenyl substituent was linked to an aromatic ring of the parent cinnamic acid via a linker of one to four atoms in length. Using a cell test system with the full-length replicon of hepatitis C virus (HCV), we established a relationship between the suppression of HCV replicon propagation and the inhibition of class I/IIb histone deacetylases (HDACs). Anti-HCV activity correlated with the inhibition of HDAC8 in the case of ortho-CHAs, while in the case of meta-CHAs it correlated with the inhibition of HDAC1/2/3 and HDAC6. The antiviral activity of para-CHAs was many times stronger than that of meta-CHAs with about the same efficiency of HDAC1/2/3/6 inhibition, which indicated the existence of an additional cell target that does not belong to the studied group of HDACs.


Assuntos
Antivirais/química , Antivirais/farmacologia , Cinamatos/química , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Hepacivirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepacivirus/fisiologia , Ácidos Hidroxâmicos/química , Ácidos Hidroxâmicos/farmacologia , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C/virologia , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/química , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Humanos , Isomerismo , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Life Sci ; 235: 116819, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473194

RESUMO

AIMS: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) not only induces physiological disabilities but also leads to cognitive impairment. However, no effective therapeutic approach for TBI-related memory decline exists. In this study, we treated TBI mice with cinnamic acid (CNA) to detect whether CNA is able to rescue the memory deficits induced by TBI and to explore the potential mechanisms. MAIN METHODS: Mice were divided into the following groups: the sham group, the TBI group, the TBI + CNA group and the CNA group. Basic physiological parameters, neurological severity score and brain water content were analyzed. The Morris water maze and inhibitory avoidance step-down task were used to determine learning and memory. Golgi staining was used to measure alterations in dendritic spines. Western blot analysis and a commercial kit were used to detect the content and activity of HDAC2. qPCR was used to detect the relative level of miR-455. KEY FINDINGS: CNA did not affect physiological function but effectively restored neurological function and brain edema. CNA alleviated the memory impairments induced by TBI in both the Morris water maze and step-down task. CNA also recovered abnormalities in the synapses of TBI mice by suppressing the activity of HDAC2. Furthermore, CNA did not alter HDAC mRNA because it promoted the expression of miR-455-3p, a miRNA that regulates HDAC2 at the posttranscriptional level. SIGNIFICANCE: The application of CNA effectively treats TBI-induced memory deficits by increasing miR-455-3p and by inhibiting HDAC2.


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Histona Desacetilase 2/metabolismo , Transtornos da Memória/prevenção & controle , MicroRNAs/genética , Transmissão Sináptica/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Histona Desacetilase 2/genética , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto , Transtornos da Memória/etiologia , Transtornos da Memória/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
17.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 773, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mTOR/S6K1 signaling pathway is often activated in cervical cancer, and thus considered a molecular target for cervical cancer therapies. Inhibiting mTOR is cytotoxic to cervical cancer cells and creates a synergistic anti-tumor effect with conventional chemotherapy agents. In this study, we identified a novel S6K1 inhibitor, rosmarinic acid methyl ester (RAME) for the use of therapeutic agent against cervical cancer. METHODS: Combined structure- and ligand-based virtual screening was employed to identify novel S6K1 inhibitors among the in house natural product library. In vitro kinase assay and immunoblot assay was used to examine the effects of RAME on S6K1 signaling pathway. Lipidation of LC3 and mRNA levels of ATG genes were observed to investigate RAME-mediated autophagy. PARP cleavage, mRNA levels of apoptotic genes, and cell survival was measured to examine RAME-mediated apoptosis. RESULTS: RAME was identified as a novel S6K1 inhibitor through the virtual screening. RAME, not rosmarinic acid, effectively reduced mTOR-mediated S6K1 activation and the kinase activity of S6K1 by blocking the interaction between S6K1 and mTOR. Treatment of cervical cancer cells with RAME promoted autophagy and apoptosis, decreasing cell survival rate. Furthermore, we observed that combination treatment with RAME and cisplatin greatly enhanced the anti-tumor effect in cisplatin-resistant cervical cancer cells, which was likely due to mTOR/S6K1 inhibition-mediated autophagy and apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that inhibition of S6K1 by RAME can induce autophagy and apoptosis in cervical cancer cells, and provide a potential option for cervical cancer treatment, particularly when combined with cisplatin.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Depsídeos/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cinamatos/química , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Depsídeos/química , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/química , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/genética , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero
18.
Eur J Med Chem ; 181: 111561, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376564

RESUMO

The cinnamamide (cinnamic acid amide and cinnamide) is a privileged scaffold present widely in a number of natural products. The scaffold acts as a useful template for designing and arriving at newly drug-like molecules with potential pharmacological activity. An attempt has been made to review the extensive occurrence of cinnamamide scaffold in many lead compounds reported for treating various diseases, their binding interactions with the therapeutic targets as well as mechanism of action and their structure-activity relationships. The discoveries of cinnamamide systems and some examples of unusual cinnamamides having an aromatic, aliphatic, and heterocyclic or other rings condensed to the basic cinnamamide structure also have been extensively covered in this review.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antimaláricos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Antimaláricos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Produtos Biológicos/química , Cinamatos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Humanos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
19.
Mar Drugs ; 17(8)2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374828

RESUMO

Excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the main risk factor to develop skin pathologies or cancer because it encourages oxidative condition and skin inflammation. In this sense, strategies for its prevention are currently being evaluated. Natural products such as carotenoids or polyphenols, which are abundant in the marine environment, have been used in the prevention of oxidative stress due to their demonstrated antioxidant activities. Nevertheless, the anti-inflammatory activity and its implication in photo-prevention have not been extensively studied. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the combination of fucoxanthin (FX) and rosmarinic acid (RA) on cell viability, apoptosis induction, inflammasome regulation, and anti-oxidative response activation in UVB-irradiated HaCaT keratinocytes. We demonstrated for the first time that the combination of FX and RA (5 µM RA plus 5 µM FX, designated as M2) improved antioxidant and anti-inflammatory profiles in comparison to compounds assayed individually, by reducing UVB-induced apoptosis and the consequent ROS production. Furthermore, the M2 combination modulated the inflammatory response through down-regulation of inflammasome components such as NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1, and the interleukin (IL)-1ß production. In addition, Nrf2 and HO-1 antioxidant genes expression increased in UVB-exposed HaCaT cells pre-treated with M2. These results suggest that this combination of natural products exerts photo-protective effects by down-regulating NRLP3-inflammasome and increasing Nrf2 signalling pathway.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Depsídeos/farmacologia , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Xantofilas/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Humanos , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamassomos/imunologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/imunologia , Queratinócitos/efeitos da radiação , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos da radiação , Pele/citologia , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos da radiação , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
20.
Molecules ; 24(17)2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438521

RESUMO

Many studies have shown that Orthosiphon stamineus extract (OE) has antioxidant activity, and we previously reported that OE protects the intestine against injury from a high-fat diet. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this protective effect of OE was unclear. Here, OE was separated according to polarity and molecular weight, and the antioxidant activity of each component was compared. The components with the highest antioxidant activity were analyzed by HPLC, which confirmed that rosmarinic acid (RA) was the main effective constituent in OE. OE and RA were then tested in a mouse high-fat diet-induced intestinal injury model. The antioxidant indices and morphological characteristics of the mouse jejunum were measured, and activation of the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway and apoptosis of jejunal epithelial cells were analyzed. Of all the constituents in OE, RA contributed the most. Both RA and OE activated the Nrf2 pathway and increased downstream antioxidant enzyme activity. RA and OE protected the mouse intestine against high-fat diet-induced oxidative stress by preventing intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis via both extracellular and intracellular pathways. Thus, RA, the main effective constituent in OE, inhibits intestinal epithelial apoptosis by regulating the Nrf2 pathway in mice.


Assuntos
Cinamatos/farmacologia , Depsídeos/farmacologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Orthosiphon/química , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Intestinos/citologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
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