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1.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 71, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemobilia due to rupture of hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm and recurrent hemorrhage caused by hepatic artery collateral circulation are both rare complications after liver trauma. There have been a number of separate reports of both complications, but no cases have been reported in which the two events occurred in the same patient. Here we report a recurrent hemorrhage in the bile duct due to hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm secondary to collateral circulation formation after hepatic artery ligation in a patient with liver trauma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital for liver trauma (Grade IV according to the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) grading system) with active bleeding after a traffic accident. Hepatic artery ligation was performed for hemostasis. Three months after the surgery, the patient was readmitted for melena and subsequent hematemesis. Selective angiography examination revealed the formation of collateral circulation between the superior mesenteric artery and right hepatic artery. Moreover, a ruptured hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm was observed and transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) was performed for hemostasis at the same time. After the treatment, the patient recovered very well and had an uneventful prognosis until the last follow-up. CONCLUSION: For patients with hepatic trauma, the selection of the site of hepatic artery ligation and the diagnosis and treatment methods of postoperative biliary hemorrhage are crucial for the prognosis of the disease.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma , Aneurisma Roto , Hemobilia , Artéria Hepática , Ligadura/efeitos adversos , Fígado , Traumatismos Abdominais/complicações , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Falso Aneurisma/terapia , Aneurisma Roto/etiologia , Aneurisma Roto/terapia , Angiografia/métodos , Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Ductos Biliares/lesões , Circulação Colateral , Embolização Terapêutica , Hematemese/etiologia , Hematemese/terapia , Hemobilia/etiologia , Hemobilia/terapia , Artéria Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Hepática/lesões , Artéria Hepática/cirurgia , Humanos , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/lesões , Masculino , Melena/etiologia , Melena/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Circulação Esplâncnica
2.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(3): 100690, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308535

RESUMO

Prostate artery embolization (PAE) is a minimally invasive treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia associated lower urinary tract symptoms. The prostatic arterial anatomy, origins and collaterals, are highly variable and can lead to technical pitfalls and suboptimal results during PAE. In this paper we aim to discuss the variant prostate artery origins and collateral circulation to provide a primer on relevant anatomy for interventional radiologists performing PAE.


Assuntos
Circulação Colateral , Embolização Terapêutica , Artéria Ilíaca/anormalidades , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional
3.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(10): 805-811, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130770

RESUMO

Although the characteristics and pathophysiology of major aortopulmonary collateral artery (MAPCA) have been better understood, treatment of pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect with MAPCA remains challenging. The difficulty in treating this disease is the lack of availability of pulmonary homografts required for pulmonary angioplasty in Japan and the need for manipulation of the posterior mediastinum region, which is not performed in normal cardiac surgery. It is important to build an appropriate surgical strategy by means of preoperative computed tomography( CT) and selective angiography. For treatment, unifocalization or rehabilitation is selected depending on the condition of MAPCA and central pulmonary artery. Because unifocalization is highly invasive, it would be performed at 6 months of age and weigh 5 kg. As a procedure, extensive dissection is performed, and anastomoses between tissue to tissue are basically performed, and reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract is performed using a valved conduit that can secure anterograde pulmonary blood flow that is not affected by the condition of the lung. It is effective to confirm postoperative lung perfusion scan and CT, perform a cardiac catheterization test approximately 6 months after surgery, and maintain the pulmonary vessels with catheter intervention if necessary. The ultimate goal of treating this disease is not only to improve cyanosis, but also to maintain pulmonary circulation at lower right ventricular pressure.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interventricular , Atresia Pulmonar , Circulação Colateral , Defeitos dos Septos Cardíacos , Comunicação Interventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Japão , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Atresia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Atresia Pulmonar/cirurgia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(43): e22750, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120776

RESUMO

The short-term and long-term effects of coronary collateral circulation (CCC) discovered after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are still debatable. This retrospective cohort study aimed to explore the clinical significance of CCC for AMI patients.A consecutive series of 323 AMI patients with CCC and 1339 AMI subjects without CCC were enrolled, most of them received percutaneous coronary intervention after AMI. Comparisons between CCC subjects and non-CCC population and between CCC sub-groups were applied regarded to basic clinical characteristics, stenosis extent indicated by Gensini score, myocardial infarction size estimated by peak concentration of troponin I (TnI), and left ventricular function evaluated by peak value of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Multiple linear regressions for NT-proBNP and TnI, and Kaplan-Meier curves for 5-years' main cardiovascular event (MACE) were also analyzed.CCC might provide incomplete protection by preventing excessive myocardial infarction but not a poorer heart function during AMI and CCC had no obvious protective effect on 5-years' MACE for AMI patients. More attentions should be paid to heart function for CCC patients during AMI.


Assuntos
Circulação Colateral , Circulação Coronária , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
5.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 44(5): 708-713, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936578

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Assessing collateral status is important in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The purpose of this study was to establish an easy and rapid method for evaluating collateral flow. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with AIS were enrolled. The patients were aged 18 to 85 years with endovascular therapy treatment within 10 hours after the appearance of stroke symptoms, prestroke modified Rankin Scale ≤1, Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score ≥6, and the occlusion of large vessels in anterior circulation. We reformed imaging strategies by conducting a small-dose group-injection test before normal computed tomography angiography (CTA) scanning and selected the visual collateral score and the regional leptomeningeal score scales as the single-phase CTA collateral flow assessment scales with the replacement of the parasagittal anterior cerebral artery territory by anterior cerebral artery regions adjacent to the longitudinal fissure and then verified, respectively, the consistencies between the 2 single-phase CTA-based collateral scales and the digital subtraction angiography (DSA)-based American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology/Society of Interventional Radiology scale and compared the prognosis of endovascular therapy between the AIS patients in the poor-collateral-flow group and the other patients' group assessed by 2 single-phase CTA-based collateral scales. RESULTS: There was a high consistency between the 2 single-phase CTA-based collateral flow scales with DSA-based American Society of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology/Society of Interventional Radiology scale. The assessment by using CTA-based collateral flow assessment methods generated consistent results. CONCLUSION: The single-phase CTA-based visual collateral score scale and regional leptomeningeal score scale can be used as the imaging evidence for the evaluation of collateral flow in AIS patients in the majority of grassroots hospitals where DSA is difficult to carry out.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Circulação Colateral/fisiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Angiografia Digital/métodos , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia
6.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105168, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912520

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Isolated Sulcal Effacement (ISE) is focal cortical swelling without obscuration of cortical gray-white junction. The available information on its role in acute stroke patients treated with intravenous (IV) tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is limited. METHODS: ISE along with ASPECT and rLMC collateral score were determined in pre-treatment CT/CT angiography of 195 consecutive acute stroke patients treated with IV tPA "only". In addition, ISE-ASPECT score was created. Role of ISE on responsiveness to IV tPA, thrombolysis-associated hemorrhage and functional outcome were studied in 102 patients with CT-angiography-confirmed anterior system proximal vessel occlusion. RESULTS: ISE was observed in 12 patients (6.2% of all and 11.4% of those with occlusion of the carotid terminus, M1, or proximal M2) corresponding to excellent specificity (100%) but fair sensitivity (12%) for diagnosis of anterior cerebral circulation proximal artery occlusion. ISE ASPECT score was significantly correlated with rLMC score (p=0.023). Presence of ISE was linked to younger age, female gender, lower NIHSS, along with higher ASPECT and rLMC scores. Albeit not persisted after adjustment for collateral status and NIHSS, dramatic response to IV tPA along with excellent (23% vs. 8%, p<0.05), good (21% vs. 6%, p<0.05) and acceptable (19% vs. 4%, p<0.05) functional outcome were significantly higher in patients with ISE. CONCLUSIONS: As a plain CT marker of sufficient collateral status and increased cerebral blood volume, ISE indicates a better response to IV tPA. However, it should be noted that this relatively rare CT finding is highly specific for cerebral large vessel occlusions amenable neurothrombectomy.


Assuntos
Edema Encefálico/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/administração & dosagem , Administração Intravenosa , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Edema Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema Encefálico/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Circulação Cerebrovascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Circulação Colateral/efeitos dos fármacos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105064, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It was previously demonstrated that decreased cortical venous drainage is a predictive factor of poor clinical outcome in patients with an acute ischemic stroke. The aim of this investigation is to test the hypothesis that the decline in blood flow in medullary veins (MV) on CT angiogram (CTA) of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) can also be predictive of clinical outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a database of patients with AIS who were evaluated by multiphase CTA and enrolled individuals with AIS and evidence of occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid artery, the M1 or M2 segment of the middle cerebral artery, or combination of two occlusions. To characterize asymmetry of MV we used similar principle that was previously established for MV on SWI MR-images; asymmetry was defined was presence of 5 or more contrast opacified MV in one hemisphere as compared to the contralateral side. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by mRS in 90 days. The Fisher Exact test was used to examine the significance of the MV asymmetry. Odds ratio and interrater variability were calculated. RESULTS: 66 patients with AIS were included. The presence of asymmetry in MV was associated with the higher frequency of poor clinical outcomes (84.6% vs 50.9%); the OR was 5.3. Interrater agreement in assessment on MV was moderate in our study (κ=0.55). CONCLUSION: This study shows that (a) medullary veins can be reliably assessed on multiphase CTA, (b) in patients with AIS, asymmetric appearance of MV is associated with poor clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Veias Cerebrais/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Bulbo/irrigação sanguínea , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Veias Cerebrais/fisiopatologia , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Circulação Colateral , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia
8.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 289, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the medium-and long-term effect of intravascular interventional therapy for symptomatic severe basilar artery stenosis supported by multimodal imaging. METHOD: After strict screening of 67 patients with symptomatic severe basilar artery stenosis (70-99%) with atherosclerotic stenosis, 67 patients with symptomatic recurrence after intensive drug treatment were treated with intravascular balloon dilatation and Enterprise stent implantation. Any stroke or death within 30 days after operation and any stroke and restenosis during medium-and long-term follow-up were recorded. RESULTS: ①The mean age of 67 patients (67lesions) was 57 ± 8 years old, and the technical success rate was 100%; ②Preoperative angiography showed that the collateral circulation was poor, and TICI was 1-2a while postoperative angiography showed that TICI was significantly improved to 2b-3; ③The average preoperative stenosis rate was 82 ± 9%, and the postoperative stenosis rate was reduced to 17 ± 10%; ④Before surgery, abnormal perfusion was found in the posterior circulation CTP; After the postoperative re-examination, the posterior circulation of CTP perfusion was significantly improved; ⑤Postoperative symptoms and neurological conditions improved significantly; ⑥Complications of perforating branch event occurred in 1 case after operation, and symptoms were relieved after more than 1 month of medication treatment, and mild neurological dysfunction remained. 1 case developed subacute thrombosis in the stent, which improved after active intra-arterial thrombolysis, and there was no residual neurological dysfunction; and 1 case of micro-guide wire being trapped by the distal vasospasm. ⑦67 patients were followed up by telephone, WeChat or imaging for 36-66 months. CONCLUSIONS: In summary intravascular balloon dilation + Enterprise stent implantation is safe and effective for the treatment of symptomatic severe atherosclerotic stenosis of the basilar artery, with high technical success rate, low perioperative complications, and good mid-term and long-term effects.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/complicações , Artéria Basilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Circulação Colateral , Constrição Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Stroke ; 51(9): 2834-2843, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32772681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Rapamycin is a clinically approved mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor that has been shown to be neuroprotective in animal models of stroke. However, the mechanism of rapamycin-induced neuroprotection is still being explored. Our aims were to determine if rapamycin improved leptomeningeal collateral perfusion, to determine if this is through eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase)-mediated vessel dilation and to determine if rapamycin increases immediate postreperfusion blood flow. METHODS: Wistar and spontaneously hypertensive rats (≈14 weeks old, n=22 and n=15, respectively) were subjected to ischemia by middle cerebral artery occlusion (90 and 120 minutes, respectively) with or without treatment with rapamycin at 30-minute poststroke. Changes in middle cerebral artery and collateral perfusion territories were measured by dual-site laser Doppler. Reactivity to rapamycin was studied using isolated and pressurized leptomeningeal anastomoses. Brain injury was measured histologically or with triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. RESULTS: In Wistar rats, rapamycin increased collateral perfusion (43±17%), increased reperfusion cerebral blood flow (16±8%) and significantly reduced infarct volume (35±6 versus 63±8 mm3, P<0.05). Rapamycin dilated leptomeningeal anastomoses by 80±9%, which was abolished by nitric oxide synthase inhibition. In spontaneously hypertensive rats, rapamycin increased collateral perfusion by 32±25%, reperfusion cerebral blood flow by 44±16%, without reducing acute infarct volume 2 hours postreperfusion. Reperfusion cerebral blood flow was a stronger predictor of brain damage than collateral perfusion in both Wistar and spontaneously hypertensive rats. CONCLUSIONS: Rapamycin increased collateral perfusion and reperfusion cerebral blood flow in both Wistar and comorbid spontaneously hypertensive rats that appeared to be mediated by enhancing eNOS activation. These findings suggest that rapamycin may be an effective acute therapy for increasing collateral flow and as an adjunct therapy to thrombolysis or thrombectomy to improve reperfusion blood flow.


Assuntos
Circulação Colateral/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Infarto Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Circulação Cerebrovascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibrinolíticos/farmacologia , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/diagnóstico por imagem , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/patologia , Fluxometria por Laser-Doppler , Masculino , Meninges/irrigação sanguínea , Meninges/diagnóstico por imagem , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Wistar , Reperfusão
10.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(4): H915-H926, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857599

RESUMO

We have previously reported enhanced Ca2+ sensitivity of coronary arteries that is dependent upon collateral circulation for their blood supply. For the current study, we hypothesized that small collateral-dependent arteries would exhibit an enhanced KCl-mediated contractile response attributable to Ca2+ sensitization and increased Ca2+ channel current. Ameroid constrictors were surgically placed around the left circumflex (LCX) artery of female Yucatan miniature swine. Eight weeks postoperatively, pigs were randomized into sedentary or exercise-trained (treadmill run; 5 days/wk; 14 wk) groups. Small coronary arteries (150-300 µm luminal diameter) were isolated from myocardial regions distal to the collateral-dependent LCX and the nonoccluded left anterior descending arteries. Contractile tension and simultaneous measures of both tension and intracellular free Ca2+ levels (fura-2) were measured in response to increasing concentrations of KCl. In addition, whole cell Ca2+ currents were also obtained. Chronic occlusion enhanced contractile responses to KCl and increased Ca2+ sensitization in collateral-dependent compared with nonoccluded arteries of both sedentary and exercise-trained pigs. In contrast, smooth muscle cell Ca2+ channel current was not altered by occlusion or exercise training. Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII; inhibited by KN-93, 0.3-1 µM) contributed to the enhanced contractile response in collateral-dependent arteries of sedentary pigs, whereas both CaMKII and Rho-kinase (inhibited by hydroxyfasudil, 30 µM or Y27632, 10 µM) contributed to increased contraction in exercise-trained animals. Taken together, these data suggest that chronic occlusion leads to enhanced contractile responses to KCl in collateral-dependent coronary arteries via increased Ca2+ sensitization, a response that is further augmented with exercise training.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Small coronary arteries distal to chronic occlusion displayed enhanced contractile responses, which were further augmented after exercise training and attributable to enhanced calcium sensitization without alterations in calcium channel current. The calcium sensitization mediators Rho-kinase and CaMKII significantly contributed to enhanced contraction in collateral-dependent arteries of exercise-trained, but not sedentary, pigs. Exercise-enhanced contractile responses may increase resting arterial tone, creating an enhanced coronary flow reserve that is accessible during periods of increased metabolic demand.


Assuntos
Sinalização do Cálcio/efeitos dos fármacos , Cálcio/metabolismo , Circulação Colateral/efeitos dos fármacos , Circulação Coronária/efeitos dos fármacos , Oclusão Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/efeitos dos fármacos , Esforço Físico , Cloreto de Potássio/farmacologia , Vasoconstrição/efeitos dos fármacos , Adaptação Fisiológica , Animais , Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/metabolismo , Oclusão Coronária/metabolismo , Vasos Coronários/metabolismo , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Suínos , Porco Miniatura , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo
11.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 104830, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nitric oxide (NO) plays a key role in ischemia and shows potential as a biomarker for ischemia. We measured mixed venous nitrite (NO2-) as a proxy for NO, during controlled cerebral ischemia in patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) during direct extracranial/intracranial (EC/IC) bypass surgery with temporary occlusion of the M4 branch of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) to permit anastomosis with the superficial temporal artery (STA). This small, focal ischemic event is not reliably detected using cerebral oximetry, somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) or electroencephalography (EEG). METHODS: We enrolled nine adult MMD patients (n=8 female, n=1 male) undergoing direct EC/IC bypass surgery. Nitrite was measured at least one hour prior to MCA occlusion, and before, during and after anastomosis. Cortical function was monitored using either multi-lead EEG and SSEPs, or frontal EEG activity. RESULTS: Mixed venous NO2- was significantly elevated (p<0.05) within 12 min following arterial occlusion vs. baseline. An M4 branch of the MCA was cross clamped for a median duration of 18 (IQR = 5) minutes during anastomosis. One patient with elevated NO2- showed a transient neurologic deficit that resolved 3 days post-operatively. CONCLUSIONS: Mixed venous NO2- was significantly elevated shortly following cerebral artery occlusion vs. baseline in a majority of the study subjects, suggesting that NO2- is a potential biomarker for ischemia. Since all patients received identical burst suppression anesthesia and vasopressors, the fact that NO2- was not elevated during cross-clamp in all patients supports the conclusion that the NO2- elevation is likely due to ischemia.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Revascularização Cerebral , Artéria Cerebral Média/cirurgia , Doença de Moyamoya/cirurgia , Nitritos/sangue , Artérias Temporais/cirurgia , Oclusão Terapêutica , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Isquemia Encefálica/sangue , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Revascularização Cerebral/efeitos adversos , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Circulação Colateral , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Cerebral Média/fisiopatologia , Doença de Moyamoya/sangue , Doença de Moyamoya/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Moyamoya/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Artérias Temporais/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Temporais/fisiopatologia , Oclusão Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima , Vasodilatação
12.
Stroke ; 51(9): 2690-2696, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH), potentially associated with poor prognosis, is a major complication of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) for ischemic stroke patients. We aimed to develop and validate a risk model for predicting sICH after EVT in Chinese patients due to large-artery occlusions in the anterior circulation. METHODS: The derivation cohort recruited patients with EVT from the Endovascular Treatment for Acute Anterior Circulation Ischemic Stroke Registry in China. sICH was diagnosed according to the Heidelberg Bleeding Classification within 24 hours of EVT. Stepwise logistic regression was performed to derive the predictive model. The discrimination and calibration of the risk model were assessed using the C index and the calibration plot. An additional cohort of 503 patients from 2 stroke centers was prospectively enrolled to validate the new model. RESULTS: We enrolled 629 patients who underwent EVT as the derivation cohort, among whom 87 developed sICH (13.8%). In the multivariate adjustment, Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (odds ratio [OR], 0.85; P=0.005), baseline glucose (OR, 1.13; P=0.001), poor collateral circulation (OR, 3.06; P=0.001), passes with retriever (OR, 1.52; P=0.001), and onset-to-groin puncture time (OR, 1.79; P=0.024) were independent factors of sICH and were incorporated as the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score, Baseline Glucose, Poor Collateral Circulation, Passes With Retriever, and Onset-to-Groin Puncture Time (ASIAN) score. The ASIAN score demonstrated good discrimination in the derivation cohort (C index, 0.771 [95% CI, 0.716-0.826]), as well as the validation cohort (C index, 0.758 [95% CI, 0.691-0.825]). CONCLUSIONS: The ASIAN score reliably predicts the risk of sICH in Chinese ischemic stroke patients treated by EVT.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/complicações , Glicemia , China , Estudos de Coortes , Circulação Colateral , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(5): 647-654, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819817

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the potential of near infrared spectrometry (NIRS) monitoring enhanced by autoregulation parameters to detect clamp ischaemia during awake carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: This was a prospective, hypothesis generating, single centre observational study. Fifty-nine consecutive patients with carotid artery stenosis, of whom 15 (25%) were symptomatic, were enrolled. The patients underwent awake CEA with NIRS monitoring. Regional oxygen saturation (rSO2), relative tissue haemoglobin concentration (rTHb), and mean arterial blood pressure were captured by ICM + software (University of Cambridge Enterprise, Cambridge, UK). The cerebral oxygenation index (COx) and haemoglobin volume index (HVx) were calculated continuously. Two groups were formed depending on neurological symptoms: a symptomatic group with shunt insertion (shunt) and an asymptomatic group (no shunt). RESULTS: Eight patients (14%) became symptomatic and needed intra-operative shunting. The decrease in ipsilateral rSO2 was higher in the shunt group (13.5% vs. 5.3%) and rTHB increased on the non-operated side (+0.05 ± 0.01; p = .016). In symptomatic patients no significant change in rTHB was found during clamping, whereas in asymptomatic patients there was a bilateral increase (ipsilateral: + 0.06 [p = .022]; contralateral: + 0.06 [p = .010]). In asymptomatic patients, ipsilateral COx decreased after clamping (-0.06 ± 0.02; p = .024), indicating functional autoregulation. In symptomatic patients, ipsilateral COx increased to 0.32 (+0.19 ± 0.05; p = .048), indicating loss of autoregulation. Accordingly, pooled ipsilateral and contralateral data showed increasing HVx and COx in symptomatic patients (HVx, p < .001; COx, p = .039). CONCLUSION: In addition to a drop in rSO2, the loss of autoregulatory capacity may be useful in identifying clinically significant clamping ischaemia during CEA under general anaesthesia and may allow optimisation of blood pressure management during awake CEA.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Circulação Cerebrovascular/fisiologia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Pressão Arterial/fisiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Encefálica/prevenção & controle , Circulação Colateral/fisiologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Homeostase/fisiologia , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Oximetria/métodos , Oxigênio/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Vigília/fisiologia
15.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 308, 2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the hemorrhgic sites and collateral vessels in hemorrhagic MMD with the p.R4810K variant. METHODS: Hemorrhage sites were classified as either anterior or posterior. Collateral vessels were classified into three subtypes according to origin: lenticulostriate anastomosis, thalamic anastomosis, and choroidal anastomosis. Hemorrhage sites and collateral vessels were compared between patients with wild-type p.R4810K variant (GG) and patients with heterozygous p.R4810K variant (GA) after 1:1 propensity score matching. RESULTS: A total of 130 hemorrhagic MMD patients were included in present study, 21 pairs (42 hemorrhagic hemispheres) were obtained after 1:1 propensity score. In GA group, 16 hemispheres (76.2%) presented anterior hemorrhage, and 5 hemispheres (23.8%) presented with posterior hemorrhage. In GG group, 13 hemispheres (61.9%) presented anterior hemorrhage, and 8 hemispheres (38.1%) presented with posterior hemorrhage. No significant differences were found in hemorrhagic sites between two matched groups (P > 0.05). Of 21 hemispheres in GA group, 10 (47.6%) exhibited lenticulostriate anastomosis, 6 (28.6%) thalamic anastomosis, and 6 (28.6%) choroidal anastomosis. Of 21 hemispheres in GG group, 3 (14.3%) exhibited lenticulostriate anastomosis, 5 (23.8%) thalamic anastomosis, and 9 (42.9%) choroidal anastomosis. There was significant difference in lenticulostriate anastomosis between two matched groups (P = 0.045). After adjustment the age, sex, and PCA involvement, we found that lenticulostriate anastomosis was associated with p.R4810K variant (OR, 5.995; 95% CI, 1.296-27.737; P = 0.022). CONCLUSION: Lenticulostriate anastomosis might be associated with p.R4810K variant. Whereas hemorrhagic sites, thalamic anastomosis, and choroidal anastomosis might not be associted withp.R4810K variant.


Assuntos
Circulação Colateral , Hemorragias Intracranianas/genética , Hemorragias Intracranianas/patologia , Doença de Moyamoya/genética , Doença de Moyamoya/patologia , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Adulto , Doença Cerebrovascular dos Gânglios da Base/genética , Doença Cerebrovascular dos Gânglios da Base/patologia , Angiografia Cerebral , Feminino , Variação Genética , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Doença de Moyamoya/complicações , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética
16.
Stroke ; 51(9): e193-e202, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aim to examine effects of collateral status and post-thrombectomy reperfusion on final infarct distribution and early functional outcome in patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion ischemic stroke. METHODS: Patients with large vessel occlusion who underwent endovascular intervention were included in this study. All patients had baseline computed tomography angiography and follow-up magnetic resonance imaging. Collateral status was graded according to the criteria proposed by Miteff et al and reperfusion was assessed using the modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) system. We applied a multivariate voxel-wise general linear model to correlate the distribution of final infarction with collateral status and degree of reperfusion. Early favorable outcome was defined as a discharge modified Rankin Scale score ≤2. RESULTS: Of the 283 patients included, 129 (46%) had good, 97 (34%) had moderate, and 57 (20%) had poor collateral status. Successful reperfusion (mTICI 2b/3) was achieved in 206 (73%) patients. Poor collateral status was associated with infarction of middle cerebral artery border zones, whereas worse reperfusion (mTICI scores 0-2a) was associated with infarction of middle cerebral artery territory deep white matter tracts and the posterior limb of the internal capsule. In multivariate regression models, both mTICI (P<0.001) and collateral status (P<0.001) were among independent predictors of final infarct volumes. However, mTICI (P<0.001), but not collateral status (P=0.058), predicted favorable outcome at discharge. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of patients with large vessel occlusion stroke, both the collateral status and endovascular reperfusion were strongly associated with middle cerebral artery territory final infarct volumes. Our findings suggesting that baseline collateral status predominantly affected middle cerebral artery border zones infarction, whereas higher mTICI preserved deep white matter and internal capsule from infarction; may explain why reperfusion success-but not collateral status-was among the independent predictors of favorable outcome at discharge. Infarction of the lentiform nuclei was observed regardless of collateral status or reperfusion success.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/patologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Infarto Cerebral/patologia , Infarto Cerebral/terapia , Circulação Colateral , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/terapia , Modelos Lineares , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reperfusão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Resultado do Tratamento , Substância Branca/patologia
17.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 105081, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) to acetazolamide (ACZ) on single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can be used to assess the severity of chronic cerebral ischemia; however, this is an invasive method. We examined whether whole-brain magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) at 7T could non-invasively detect impaired CVR in patients with chronic cerebral ischemia by demonstrating the leptomeningeal collaterals (LMCs). METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with symptomatic unilateral cervical stenosis underwent whole-brain time-of-flight MRA at 7T and cerebral perfusion SPECT before/after the ACZ challenge. MRA images were visually assessed based on 6-point grading systems to evaluate the development of LMCs toward the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and antegrade flow of MCA. CVR of the affected side was calculated from the SPECT data. Subsequently, we compared the LMC grades on MRA with CVR on SPECT. RESULTS: CVR was significantly lower in grades ≥ 2 of LMCs than in grades 0-1 (P < 0.05) when applying LMCs from the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) and/or posterior cerebral artery (PCA). These differences were more evident than those in the grading of the antegrade MCA flow. The LMC grades from ACA/PCA readily detected reduced CVR (< 18.4%) with a sensitivity/specificity of 0.79/0.82. CONCLUSION: The development of LMCs on whole-brain MRA at 7T can non-invasively detect reduced CVR with a high sensitivity/specificity in patients with unilateral cervical stenosis.


Assuntos
Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Circulação Colateral , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Meninges/irrigação sanguínea , Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Cerebral Média/fisiopatologia , Imagem de Perfusão , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/fisiopatologia
19.
Angiology ; 71(10): 909-915, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32720814

RESUMO

Recent studies have reported a relationship between the platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and acute coronary syndromes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between PLR and stable coronary artery disease (CAD). A systematic search was conducted based on electronic databases (Cochrane, PubMed, Elsevier, Medline, and Embase). A total of 14 studies (n = 4,871) were included in the meta-analysis. Compared with the non-CAD group, PLR was significantly higher in CAD group (P = .002). After further classification according to the Gensini score, the cases with atherosclerosis demonstrated a higher PLR than those without atherosclerosis (P < .001). Platelet to lymphocyte ratio was higher in the severe atherosclerosis group compared with the mild atherosclerosis group (P < .001). Compared with the poor coronary collateral circulation (CCC) group, PLR was significantly lower in the good CCC group (P < .001). The PLR was significantly higher in patients with coronary slow flow (CSF) than those with normal coronary flow (P = .01). On the basis of current evidence, an elevated PLR was associated with stable CAD, and it might be useful for predicting CAD severe stenosis, collateral circulation, and CSF. Future studies are needed to clarify the relationship between PLR and stable CAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Circulação Colateral/fisiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Contagem de Plaquetas
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