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1.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(9): 1109-1114, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate volume changes of subcortical structures in patients with post-hepatitis B cirrhosis. METHODS: Thirty patients with post-hepatitis B cirrhosis (the cirrhosis group) and 24 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (the control group) were enrolled in this prospective study. All subjects underwent neuropsychological tests, blood biochemical determinations, and cerebral MRI. Volumes of 18 selected subcortical structures were automatically segmented and analyzed by the FreeSurfer. In the cirrhosis group, the relationships between abnormal subcortical volumes and clinical index or neurocognitive performance were investigated. The relationships between globus pallidus volumes and pallidal hyperintensity were also examined. RESULTS: Compared with the healthy controls, patients with post-hepatitis B cirrhosis displayed smaller bilateral putamen, amygdala, and nucleus accumbens volumes and larger bilateral globus pallidus volumes (P<0.001 or P=0.001). In the cirrhosis group, the volumes of left putamen and amygdala were negatively correlated with the number connection test-A (NCT-A)(left putamen r=-0.410, P=0.034; left amygdala r=-0.439, P=0.022), and the volumes of bilateral globus pallidus were positively correlated with pallidal index (PI) (left globus pallidus r=0.889, P<0.001; right globus pallidus r=0.900, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Abnormalities of subcortical volumes appear bilaterally symmetrical in patients with post-hepatitis B cirrhosis. Atrophy of left putamen and amygdala might contribute to poor neurocognitive performance, and the manganese deposition might contribute to the increased globus pallidus volumes in patients with post-hepatitis B cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Hepatite B , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 68(10): 24-28, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978921

RESUMO

Objectives: A patient with liver stiffness by Vibration controlled Transient elastography(TE) <20 kPa and a platelet count >150,000/mm3 does not require screening endoscopy according to Baveno VI consensus. The Baveno consensus statement on esophageal varices screening has not been validated in the South Asian population. TE may not be widely available in resource limited areas. We tried to see whether easily available parameters could be used to predict high risk varices(HRV). Method: A cross-sectional study evaluating patients with liver stiffness >10 kPa who had endoscopy within 6 months of TE evaluation. Results: 375 patients who underwent TE and upper GI endoscopy over one year were included. Commonest etiology was HBV(42 %) followed by Hepatitis C(39%), NAFLD(9.1%) and alcohol(9%). 262 of the 266 patients satisfying Baveno VI consensus criteria for avoiding screening endoscopy did not have HRV. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value(PPV) and negative predictive value(NPV) was 96 %, 90 %, 74% and 99 % respectively and (AUC = 0.91). By using MELD 6 or MELD < 8 and platelet >150000/mm3 criteria, 67% endoscopies could have been circumvented. Using Baveno VI criteria, 70% endoscopies could have been circumvented. Conclusion: This study validates the Baveno VI consensus statement on esophageal variceal screening in cirrhosis, in a South Asian population. It also describes a new strategy using MELD 6 or MELD < 8 and platelet > 150000/mm3 in areas with limited resources where TE is not widely available.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/diagnóstico , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Contagem de Plaquetas
4.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(704): 1544-1547, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880109

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes a spectrum of hepatic pathology ranging from non-alcoholic fatty liver, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) occasionally complicated with hepatic fibrosis or even cirrhosis. In order to propose a diagnosis with positive criteria, a panel of experts recently proposed the use of an alternative nomenclature, metabolic-dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) whose use remains debated. In addition, in Switzerland and elsewhere, there is strong epidemiological growth of NAFLD. The next years will probably see the approval of new therapies for NAFLD/NASH but, at present, management remains focused on lifestyle interventions and joint monitoring by the primary care physician and, when necessary, the specialist.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Terminologia como Assunto , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/classificação , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/terapia , Suíça
5.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(704): 1548-1553, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880110

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal bleeding related to portal hypertension of cirrhosis is associated with a significant mortality risk (10-20 %). The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) reduces the hepatic venous pressure gradient. Several studies have evaluated early TIPS insertion (within 72h from diagnostic endoscopy) with the aim of improving outcomes in selected patients at high risk of failure to control bleeding and/or rebleeding. The majority reported an improvement of 6-week and 1-year survival rates and a decrease in failure to control bleeding and rebleeding. Here, we review the available data and discuss the limits of early TIPS in terms of patient identification and access to the procedure.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Gastrointestinal , Hipertensão Portal , Cirrose Hepática , Derivação Portossistêmica Transjugular Intra-Hepática , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/complicações , Humanos , Hipertensão Portal/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
JAMA ; 324(9): 899, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870291
7.
JAMA ; 324(9): 899-900, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870294
8.
Z Gastroenterol ; 58(9): 855-867, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32947631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The economic effects of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP), nosocomial infections (nosInf) and acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) have so far been poorly studied. We analyzed the impact of these complications on treatment revenues in hospitalized patients with decompensated cirrhosis. METHODS: 371 consecutive patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis, who received a paracentesis between 2012 and 2016, were included retrospectively. DRG (diagnosis-related group), "ZE/NUB" (additional charges/new examination/treatment methods), medication costs, length of hospital stay as well as different kinds of specific treatments (e. g., dialysis) were considered. Exclusion criteria included any kind of malignancy, a history of organ transplantation and/or missing accounting data. RESULTS: Total treatment costs (DRG + ZE/NUB) were higher in those with nosInf (€â€Š10,653 vs. €â€Š5,611, p < 0.0001) driven by a longer hospital stay (23 d vs. 12 d, p < 0.0001). Of note, revenues per day were not different (€â€Š473 vs. €â€Š488, p = 0.98) despite a far more complicated treatment with a more frequent need for dialysis (p < 0.0001) and high-complex care (p = 0.0002). Similarly, SBP was associated with higher total revenues (€â€Š10,307 vs. €â€Š6,659, p < 0.0001). However, the far higher effort for the care of SBP patients resulted in lower daily revenues compared to patients without SBP (€â€Š443 vs. €â€Š499, p = 0.18). ACLF increased treatment revenues to €â€Š10,593 vs. €6,369 without ACLF (p < 0.0001). While treatment of ACLF was more complicated, revenue per day was not different to no-ACLF patients (€â€Š483 vs. €â€Š480, p = 0.29). CONCLUSION: SBP, nosInf and/or ACLF lead to a significant increase in the effort, revenue and duration in the treatment of patients with cirrhosis. The lower daily revenue, despite a much more complex therapy, might indicate that these complications are not yet sufficiently considered in the German DRG system.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/economia , Infecções Bacterianas/economia , Infecção Hospitalar/economia , Grupos Diagnósticos Relacionados/economia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Peritonite/economia , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/terapia , Infecções Bacterianas/terapia , Infecção Hospitalar/complicações , Infecção Hospitalar/terapia , Grupos Diagnósticos Relacionados/estatística & dados numéricos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Peritonite/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(10): 860-867, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975060

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is independently associated with the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the association of AF with advanced liver fibrosis, which is related to all-cause, cardiovascular, and liver-related mortality, has not been established in NAFLD patients. We aimed to investigate the association between AF and advanced liver fibrosis in NAFLD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out of 53704 adults who participated in the health check-up program, 6293 subjects aged 35 years and older were diagnosed as NAFLD using ultrasound. The stage of liver fibrosis was assessed based on the newly adjusted NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS) and Fibrosis-4 (Fib-4) Index, which were used to determine the low and high cut-off values (COVs). RESULTS: Of 6293 patients with NAFLD, 59 (0.9%) were diagnosed with AF. Patients with AF were older (52.0 vs. 64.6 years, p<0.001), had higher body mass index (25.2 vs. 26.6 kg/m², p<0.001), and had bigger waist circumference (84.0 vs. 89.9 cm, p<0.001) than those without AF. In NAFLD patients, AF was independently associated with advanced liver fibrosis, assessed using both COVs of NFS [low-COV group: final adjusted odds ratios (aORs)=2.85, p=0.004; high-COV group: ORs=12.29, p<0.001). AF was independently associated with advanced liver fibrosis, assessed using both COVs of Fib-4 (low-COV group: aORs=2.49, p<0.001; high-COV group: aORs=3.84, p=0.016). CONCLUSION: AF is independently associated with advanced liver fibrosis in patients with NAFLD.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
10.
Intern Med ; 59(17): 2089-2094, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879200

RESUMO

Objective The relationship between gut microbiota and portal hypertension remains unclear. We investigated the characteristics of the gut microbiota in portal hypertension patients with esophago-gastric varices and liver cirrhosis. Methods Thirty-six patients (12 patients with portal hypertension, 12 healthy controls, and 12 non-cirrhosis patients) were enrolled in this university hospital study. Intestinal bacteria and statistical analyses were performed up to the genus level using the terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism method targeting 16S ribosomal RNA genes, with diversified regions characterizing each bacterium. Results Levels of Lactobacillales were significantly higher (p=0.045) and those of Clostridium cluster IV significantly lower (p=0.014) in patients with portal hypertension than in other patients. This Clostridium cluster contains many butanoic acid-producing strains, including Ruminococcace and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii. Clostridium cluster IX levels were also significantly lower (p=0.045) in portal hypertension patients than in other patients. There are many strains of Clostridium that produce propionic acid, and the effects on the host and the function of these bacterial species in the human intestine remain unknown. Regarding the Bifidobacterium genus, which is supposed to decrease as a result of cirrhosis, no significant decrease was observed in this study. Conclusion In the present study, we provided information on the characteristics of the gut microbiota of portal hypertension patients with esophago-gastric varices due to liver cirrhosis. In the future, we aim to develop probiotic treatments following further analyses that include the species level, such as the intestinal flora analysis method and next-generation sequencers.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hipertensão Portal/microbiologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Adulto , Bactérias/genética , Bifidobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Clostridium/isolamento & purificação , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Portal/etiologia , Intestinos/microbiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , RNA Bacteriano/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/análise , Streptococcus/isolamento & purificação
11.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 42(4): 459-467, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895097

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the correlation between the radiomics signature of hepatobiliary phase imaging of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid(Gd-EOB-DTPA)enhanced magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)and Child-Pugh of liver cirrhosis,establish nomogram prediction model,and assess the predictive value of quantitative assessment of liver reserve function of patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods One hundred patients with liver cirrhosis who met the inclusion criteria were divided into 52 patients with Child-Pugh grade A and 48 patients with Child-Pugh grade B+C according to Child-Pugh classification criteria,and were randomly divided into training set and test set at a proportion of 7∶3.The AK software was used to extract the imaging features of the Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI hepatobiliary images of the patients in the training set,and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator feature selection algorithm was used to reduce the dimension of the data,select the features,and construct the radiomics tags.According to the radiomics label Rad-score,a line chart(nomogram)prediction model was established to predict the Child-Pugh B+C level of liver reserve function.The model was applied to the training set and test set respectively,and the diagnostic efficiency was quantitatively evaluated by receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve. Results After dimension reduction and screening of 396 texture feature parameters extracted by AK software,7 image feature parameters were obtained.According to the above characteristics,the radiomics tag Rad-score was constructed and the nomogram prediction model was created.The differences of Rad-score scores between Child-Pugh A and Child-Pugh B+C groups in training set and test set were statistically analyzed by Wilcoxon rank sum test(P=0.000, P=0.001).The diagnostic efficacy of nomogram prediction model for predicting Child-Pugh B+C grade of liver reserve function in the ROC curve of training set and test set was 0.88 and 0.86 respectively. Conclusions The nomogram prediction model created according to the radiomics tag Rad-score of patients with liver cirrhosis with different liver reserve functions can be used as a more accurate and reliable auxiliary detection tool for liver reserve function.It provides a new means for clinicians to evaluate liver reserve function more accurately.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Meios de Contraste , Gadolínio DTPA , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21387, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871988

RESUMO

To investigate the estimated glomerular filtration rates of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with or without liver cirrhosis, and to explore the related risk factors.A total of 559 CHB patients were enrolled. Liver cirrhosis was diagnosed with ultrasound. The Child-Pugh scoring system was used to stage patients with liver cirrhosis. The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula was used to calculate the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).A total of 296 patients were involved. The results showed that the incidence of renal impairment in patients with liver cirrhosis was 8.45% (25/296). The incidence of renal impairment in Child-Pugh C patients was significantly higher than that in Child-Pugh B and Child-Pugh Grade A patients (i.e., 17.2% [17/99] vs 6.67% [7/105] vs 1.09% [1/92], respectively, P < .001); age, hyperuricemia, and Child-Pugh score are all risk factors for impaired renal function.With the deterioration of liver function in patients with cirrhosis, the incidence of impaired renal function has increased significantly, and renal function should be closely monitored to guide patients in clinical medication.


Assuntos
Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21038, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871978

RESUMO

The association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and diabetic kidney disease assessed using either albuminuria or proteinuria remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the association between hepatic steatosis or fibrosis and albuminuria or proteinuria in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D).We enrolled 1108 patients with T2D and categorized as 3 groups; non-proteinuria (NP), isolated non-albumin proteinuria (iNAP), and albuminuria. Urinary albumin and protein levels were assessed as urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (uACR) and urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio (uPCR), respectively. Hepatic steatosis and fibrotic burden were assessed using the NAFLD liver fat score, Fibrosis-4 calculator (FIB-4) index, and NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS).The prevalence of significant steatosis was similar among groups (NP: 74.6% vs iNAP: 70.3% vs albuminuria: 79.9%, P = .085). The prevalence of significant fibrosis was significantly higher in the iNAP (18.7%) and albuminuria (16.5%) groups than in the NP group (9.5%, P = .001). Both uPCR and uACR showed a correlation with NFS (uPCR: r = 0.123, P < .001; uACR: r = 0.064, P = .033). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, uPCR ≥150 mg/g was found to have a stronger association with hepatic fibrosis than uACR ≥30 mg/g (adjusted odds ratio 1.55 [95% CI 1.03-2.33] vs adjusted odds ratio 1.16 [95% CI, 0.72-1.87]).In conclusion, patients with iNAP and albuminuria had a higher prevalence of hepatic fibrosis than those without proteinuria. Total proteinuria was associated with advanced liver fibrosis, whereas albuminuria was related to hepatic steatosis.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Proteinúria/epidemiologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Prevalência , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 75: e1858, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997081

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In cirrhotic children, infection events and sepsis are more frequent and more severe due to immune dysfunction. The objectives of the current study were therefore to develop an experimental model of infection and sepsis in cirrhotic weaning growing rats, by the use of bile duct ligation (BDL) and cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Additionally, the correlation of the clinico-histopathological data and serial cytokine levels in septic cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic animals was studied. METHODS: Young Wistar rats of age 21 days and of weight between 70-90 g were divided into 12 groups according to the surgical procedure performed: sham (sacrificed after 2 or 4 weeks), BDL (sacrificed after 2 or 4 weeks), CLP (2- or 4-week old animals sacrificed after 12 or 24 hours), BDL+CLP (2- or 4-week old animals sacrificed after 12 hours). Histopathological studies and determination of serum levels of cytokines IL-1 beta, IL-10, and TNF-alpha, for studies of systemic infection, were performed. Murine sepsis scores (MSS) based on the clinical aspects just before euthanasia were also included. RESULTS: A transitory increase in IL-1, IL-10, and TNF-alpha levels was observed, with different patterns according to the groups. Two-hit groups tended to present with higher values of serum cytokines and histopathological scores than their septic non-cirrhotic counterparts. There was a correlation between mortality rate and MSS (p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: The model is feasible and may be utilized in studies on liver cirrhosis and infection in growing animals.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática , Sepse , Animais , Camundongos , Modelos Teóricos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 75: e1670, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography, the aspartate aminotransferase-to-alanine aminotransferase ratio (AAR), aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), and the fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index are widely used to assess liver fibrosis. However, efficacies of these methods in the evaluation of hepatic functional reserve remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the relationship between ARFI elastography combined with either AAR, APRI, or FIB-4 index and Child-Pugh (CP) class for the evaluation of hepatic functional reserve in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB)-related cirrhosis. METHODS: The shear wave velocities of 104 patients with clinically confirmed CHB-related cirrhosis were determined using the ARFI; and clinical serum markers (e.g. ALT, AST, PLT) were used to calculate the AAR, APRI, and FIB-4 index. Cirrhosis patients were scored according to their CP class. The ARFI, AAR, APRI, and FIB-4 index were compared with the CP class. The efficacy of each indicator in diagnosis was analyzed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the ARFI combined with either the AAR, APRI, or FIB-4 index, which is used to predict decompensated cirrhosis. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed in gender and age among CP classes A, B, and C patients (p>0.05). The ARFI values and the AAR, APRI, and FIB-4 index of patients with CP classes A, B, and C were significantly different (p<0.05). With an increasing CP class, the ARFI, AAR, APRI, and FIB-4 values increased. The correlation between the ARFI and the CP class was stronger than that between the AAR, APRI, and FIB-4 index and the CP class. The area under the ROC curve for the diagnosis of decompensated cirrhosis using the ARFI was 0.841, which was higher than that for the AAR, APRI, and FIB-4 index. According to the area under the curve results, no significant differences were found when the ARFI was combined with either the AAR, APRI, or FIB-4 index and when the ARFI alone was used. CONCLUSIONS: The ARFI value has a strong correlation with the CP class. Therefore, ARFI elastography complements CP class in the assessment of the hepatic functional reserve in patients with CHB-related cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Acústica , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Criança , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21825, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871904

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis evaluating the effect of combining traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with Western medicine in treating hepatitis C, and to provide an evidence-based medical strategy. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effect of pegylated interferon (Peginterferon) combined with ribavirin (PR) alone and its combination with TCM were manually retrieved from the Weipu Information Resources System (VIP), Wan Fang Database, PubMed, and the Chinese Journal Full Text Database (CNKI). Studies meeting the inclusion criteria were selected and analyzed using the Review Manager 5.3 software. Suitable tests were also performed to determine the quality, heterogeneity, and sensitivity of the studies included in the meta-analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-eight RCTs met the inclusion criteria. The combination therapy or intervention group showed significantly greater HCV-RNA negative rate post-treatment compared to the monotherapy or the control group (P < .05). In addition, the serum levels of the liver function indicators alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and albumin (ALB) were significantly improved after the combination therapy compared to PR alone (P < .05), while total bilirubin (TB) and r-glutamyltransferase (GGT) levels were not affected by TCM (P > .05). Finally, the parameters of liver fibrosis were also reduced by the combination therapy more effectively than the monotherapy. CONCLUSION: The combination of TCM and PR can improve the Comprehensive Clinical Efficacy of hepatitis C and have a better negative rate of HCV-RNA with a better benefit in the liver function. The effect of TCM + PR is better than that of PR alone in treating hepatitis C.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepatite C/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Terapia Combinada , Quimioterapia Combinada , Hepacivirus/genética , Humanos , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , RNA Viral/sangue , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Albumina Sérica , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e21898, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925725

RESUMO

Abrupt alanine aminotransferase (ALT) elevation during direct-acting antiviral agents (DAA) treatment is an uncommon but noticeable adverse event in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients, which may lead to early termination of treatment. This study aims to investigate the incidence, outcome and predictors of the on-treatment ALT elevation during DAA therapy.CHC patients treated with DAA regimen in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou branch during March 2015 to March 2019 were recruited. Prospective scheduled ALT assessment at baseline, 2nd, 4th, 8th, and 12th/24th weeks were recorded. Pretherapy host and viral factors were compared between patients with and without on-treatment ALT elevation. Multivariate logistic regression was used for independent factors for on-treatment ALT elevation.A total of 1563 CHC patients treated with grazoprevir/elbasvir, glecaprevir/pibrentasvir and sofosbuvir-based regimen were analyzed. On-treatment ALT elevation occurred in 10.9% patients while those treated with glecaprevir/pibrentasvir had the least possibility (5.4%). Only 1.4% patients had ≥grade 3 ALT elevation events. The presence of such events had no impact on sustained virological response 12 rates. Hepatitis B virus coinfection (aOR: 3.599, P < 0.001) and higher pretherapy ALT (1-5x, ≥5x upper limit of normal: aOR: 2.632, P = 0.024, aOR: 4.702, P = .011, respectively) were significant predictors for ALT elevation.On-treatment ALT elevation occurred in one-tenth CHC patients treated with preferred DAAs but had no impact on sustained virological response rate.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Adulto , Benzimidazóis/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hepatite C Crônica/sangue , Humanos , Incidência , Fígado/virologia , Cirrose Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Testes de Função Hepática , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Quinoxalinas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sofosbuvir/efeitos adversos , Resposta Viral Sustentada
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22051, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925738

RESUMO

Addressing pancreaticobiliary disorders concomitant with gastroesophageal varices remains challenging. The goal of this study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in cirrhotic and noncirrhotic patients with gastroesophageal varices.We retrospectively analyzed the data of consecutive patients with gastroesophageal varices who underwent ERCP.Two hundred seventy ERCP procedures were performed on 208 patients. The overall technical success rate was 98.5%, and no difference was found between cirrhotic and noncirrhotic patients (98.7% vs 97.7%, P = .511); of these, endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage, endoscopic metal biliary endoprosthesis placement, endoscopic retrograde pancreatic drainage, and stone extraction were conducted in 173/270 (64.1%), 27/270 (10.0%), 26/270 (9.6%), and 116/270 (43.0%) cases, respectively. Endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage and stone extraction were more frequently performed in cirrhotic cases (67.7% versus 45.5%, P = .005; 46.5% versus 25.0%, P = .009, respectively), while the noncirrhotic group had significantly higher rates of endoscopic metal biliary endoprosthesis placement (31.8% versus 5.8%, P = .000) and endoscopic retrograde pancreatic drainage (18.2% versus 8.0%, P = .036) than the cirrhotic group. The overall rate of adverse events was 21.1%, including fever (6.7%), post-ERCP pancreatitis ( 3.0%), hyperamylasemia (6.3%), duodenal papilla bleeding (3.3%), cardiac mucosal laceration (1.1%), and perforation (0.4%). No differences in any of the adverse events were found between the 2 groups. Additionally, gastroesophageal variceal bleeding occurred in 1 patient with grade III varices 7 days after ERCP.ERCP may be effective and safe for patients with gastroesophageal varices, irrespective of the etiologies caused by liver cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/efeitos adversos , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/cirurgia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Portal/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22065, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liuweiwuling (LWWL) tablet, a kind of plant-derived traditional Chinese medicine preparation, has been widely applied as a promising adjunctive drug for hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis (HBVC). However, its exact clinical efficacy and safety is still not well investigated. In this study, we aimed to summarize the efficacy of LWWL tablet on biochemical and virological parameters, and quality of life (QoL) in patients with HBVC through the meta-analysis. METHODS: All available randomized controlled trials and high-quality prospective cohort studies that investigated the efficacy and safety of LWWL for patients with HBVC were searched from the following electronic databases: PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Excerpt Medica Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China Scientific Journal Database, and Wanfang Database. Papers in Chinese or English published from January 2000 to August 2020 will be included without any restrictions.Study selection and data extraction will be performed independently by 2 authors. The clinical outcomes including biochemical (liver function and fibrosis indexes) and virological parameters, QoL, immune function and adverse events, were systematically evaluated. Review Manager 5.3 and Stata 14.0 were used for data synthesis, sensitivity analysis, meta regression, subgroup analysis, and risk of bias assessment. RESULTS: The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal, and provide a helpful evidence for clinicians to formulate the best postoperative adjuvant treatment strategy for HBVC patients. CONCLUSION: Our study will draw an objective conclusion of the efficacy of LWWL on biochemical and virological parameters, and QoL in patients with HBVC. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202080010.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Hepatite B/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Metanálise como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Hepatite B/virologia , Humanos , Comprimidos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4489, 2020 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895384

RESUMO

We report a covalent chemistry-based hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)-specific extracellular vesicle (EV) purification system for early detection of HCC by performing digital scoring on the purified EVs. Earlier detection of HCC creates more opportunities for curative therapeutic interventions. EVs are present in circulation at relatively early stages of disease, providing potential opportunities for HCC early detection. We develop an HCC EV purification system (i.e., EV Click Chips) by synergistically integrating covalent chemistry-mediated EV capture/release, multimarker antibody cocktails, nanostructured substrates, and microfluidic chaotic mixers. We then explore the translational potential of EV Click Chips using 158 plasma samples of HCC patients and control cohorts. The purified HCC EVs are subjected to reverse-transcription droplet digital PCR for quantification of 10 HCC-specific mRNA markers and computation of digital scoring. The HCC EV-derived molecular signatures exhibit great potential for noninvasive early detection of HCC from at-risk cirrhotic patients with an area under receiver operator characteristic curve of 0.93 (95% CI, 0.86 to 1.00; sensitivity = 94.4%, specificity = 88.5%).


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/isolamento & purificação , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Vesículas Extracelulares/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Química Click/instrumentação , Química Click/métodos , Química Computacional , Simulação por Computador , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Dimetilpolisiloxanos/química , Progressão da Doença , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/instrumentação , Feminino , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Biópsia Líquida/instrumentação , Biópsia Líquida/métodos , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanofios/química , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/isolamento & purificação , Curva ROC , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/instrumentação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos
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