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1.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e722-e729, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589981

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of 3-dimensional (3D) printed models as an aid for the treatment of complex CVJ anomalies. METHODS: 3D printed models were fabricated for 21 patients with complex CVJ anomalies, including vertebral artery anomaly, thin C2 pedicle, vertical atlantoaxial facet joint, or rotational dislocation combined with atlantoaxial dislocation and basilar invagination. Preoperative planning, surgical simulation, and intraoperative reference were achieved using the 3D model during the surgical treatment. The usefulness of 3D printed models, and postoperative clinical and radiological outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: Direct posterior reduction and atlantoaxial fixation were achieved in 19 patients. Transoral odontoidectomy followed by posterior fixation was implemented for 2 patients with vertical facet joint and rotational dislocation. All screws were safely inserted with no complication, and 90% patients achieved a >60% reduction of both horizontal and vertical dislocation. Clinical symptoms improved in all patients, with the averaged Japanese Orthopedic Association scores increasing from 11.14 to 14.43 (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The patient-specific 3D printed model would be an effective tool for evaluation of the reducibility of the atlantoaxial dislocation and basilar invagination, decision making in choosing the optimal surgical approach and way of fixation, and precise placement of the screw while protecting the vertebral artery and spinal cord. The risk of neurovascular injury was minimized, and encouraging outcomes were achieved with the aid of this technique.


Assuntos
Articulação Atlantoaxial/cirurgia , Articulação Atlantoccipital/cirurgia , Modelos Anatômicos , Impressão Tridimensional , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Articulação Atlantoaxial/anormalidades , Articulação Atlantoccipital/anormalidades , Parafusos Ósseos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Artéria Vertebral , Adulto Jovem
2.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e551-e557, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562966

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although external landmarks and trajectories for external ventricular drainage have been described for the freehand-guided method, no standard trajectory has been reported for deep-seated intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This article presents a freehand-guided catheter insertion technique for deep-seated spontaneous ICH using external landmarks. METHOD: Freehand-guided hematoma aspiration using Kocher's point and the external auditory canal as landmarks was performed in 32 patients with a diagnosis of spontaneous ICH in basal ganglia treated between May 2015 and July 2018 at the author's institute. RESULTS: In computed tomographic images, the mean actual to planned catheter tip distance was 16.1 ± 7.7 mm, the mean right-left deviation was 4.6 ± 5.2 mm, the mean anterior-posterior deviation was 11.1 ± 9.5 mm, and the mean superior-inferior deviation was 8.7 ± 4.4 mm. On largest hematoma slice, the mean distance from hematoma centers to inserted catheter was 9.8 ± 4.9 mm, and the mean horizontal and vertical distances were 4.0 ± 4.7 mm and 7.7 ± 4.8 mm, respectively. In 29 of the 32 patients, all the catheter holes contacted hematomas, whereas in the other 3 patients, 1 or more holes were in contact with brain parenchymal tissue. CONCLUSION: For patients with basal ganglia hemorrhage, freehand-guided catheter insertion and hematoma aspiration with subsequent fibrinolysis is a feasible procedure that shortens procedural times. The described technique could be used as an alternative method because it can be performed when the patient is in a critical state without additional equipment.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Paracentese/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Hematoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
3.
Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am ; 32(1): 1-14, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699582

RESUMO

This article provides an overview of the digital workflow process for Combined orthodontics and Orthognathic surgery treatment starting from data acquisition (3-dimensional scanning, cone-beam computed tomography), data preparation, processing and Creation of a three-dimensional virtual augmented model of the head. Establishing a Proper Diagnosis and Quantification of the Dentofacial Deformity using 3D diagnostic model. Furthermore, performance of 3-dimensional Virtual orthognathic surgical treatment, and the construction of a surgical splint (via 3-dimensional printing) to allow transfer of the treatment plan to the actual patient during surgery.


Assuntos
Imagem Tridimensional , Ortodontia/métodos , Cirurgia Ortognática , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Fluxo de Trabalho , Projeto Auxiliado por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Interface Usuário-Computador
4.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(12): 1479-1488, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786992

RESUMO

AIMS: Computer-based applications are increasingly being used by orthopaedic surgeons in their clinical practice. With the integration of technology in surgery, augmented reality (AR) may become an important tool for surgeons in the future. By superimposing a digital image on a user's view of the physical world, this technology shows great promise in orthopaedics. The aim of this review is to investigate the current and potential uses of AR in orthopaedics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase databases up to January 2019 using the keywords 'orthopaedic' OR 'orthopedic AND augmented reality' was performed by two independent reviewers. RESULTS: A total of 41 publications were included after screening. Applications were divided by subspecialty: spine (n = 15), trauma (n = 16), arthroplasty (n = 3), oncology (n = 3), and sports (n = 4). Out of these, 12 were clinical in nature. AR-based technologies have a wide variety of applications, including direct visualization of radiological images by overlaying them on the patient and intraoperative guidance using preoperative plans projected onto real anatomy, enabling hands-free real-time access to operating room resources, and promoting telemedicine and education. CONCLUSION: There is an increasing interest in AR among orthopaedic surgeons. Although studies show similar or better outcomes with AR compared with traditional techniques, many challenges need to be addressed before this technology is ready for widespread use. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1479-1488.


Assuntos
Realidade Aumentada , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/tendências , Ortopedia/métodos , Ortopedia/tendências , Cirurgiões , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/tendências
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18277, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852100

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical effect of the limited area decompression, intervertebral fusion, and pedicle screw fixation for treating degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS) with instability. Hemilaminectomy decompression, intervertebral fusion, and pedicle screw fixation for treating DLSS with instability as the control group.Follow-up of 54 patients (26 males and 28 females; average age, 59.74 ±â€Š10.38 years) with DLSS with instability treated by limited area decompression, intervertebral fusion, and pedicle screw fixation (LIFP group), and 52 patients as control group with hemilaminectomy decompression, intervertebral fusion, and pedicle screw fixation (HIFP group). We assessed clinical effect according to the patients' functional outcome grading (good to excellent, fair, or poor), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) for low back pain and lower limb pain, which was administered preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Fusion status was assessed by radiologists at the last follow-up. Treatment satisfaction was assessed according to the subjective evaluations of the patients.At the 12-month follow-up, 96.2% (52/54) and 90.3% (47/52) of group LIFP and HIFP belonged to good to excellent outcome categories, respectively, while 3.7% (2/54) and 9.6% (5/52) of group LIFP and HIFP belonged to fair respectively, neither group belonged to poor. Satisfaction rates of patients in group LIFP and group HIFP were 98.1% (53/54) and 92.3% (48/52), respectively. The patients' functional outcome grading and satisfaction rate in group LIFP were better than that in group HIFP. The VAS for low back and lower limb pain and the ODI improved significantly during the 12 months after surgery (all P < .001) in 2 groups. The VAS for low back and lower limb pain were no difference between two groups, however, the ODI of group LIFP was lower than that of group HIFP (P < .001). All patients achieved radiological fusion.The limited area decompression, intervertebral fusion, and pedicle screw fixation had a satisfactory effect on patients with DLSS with instability.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Laminectomia/métodos , Vértebras Lombares , Parafusos Pediculares , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/complicações , Instabilidade Articular/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estenose Espinal/complicações , Estenose Espinal/diagnóstico , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(4): 923-931, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessing bone reduction and implant placement in facial fractures is time-consuming because of limited visibility. An intraoperative navigation system allows real-time confirmation of bone positioning and implant placement on the patient's computed tomographic scan. This circumvents the visibility problem and therefore appears to shorten the surgery time. The goal of this study was therefore to determine whether intraoperative navigation reduces the surgical time required to treat patients with acute major facial fractures. METHODS: In this retrospective quasi-experimental study, 50 patients with major facial fractures were identified and randomly assigned to treatment groups. Twenty-two were treated without the use of a navigation system, and 28 were treated using navigation. The Facial frActure Severity Score (FASS) was devised to better assess and control for complexity of cases and control for possible selection bias. RESULTS: The FASS was directly linked to surgery time, whether or not navigation was used. An analysis of covariance demonstrated that the surgical time required to treat major facial fractures, taking into account the FASS, was reduced by 36.1 percent (124.8 minutes) when navigation was used. CONCLUSIONS: This study compared the surgical time required to treat patients with major facial fractures, with and without a navigation system. The use of a navigation system reduced the surgical time by 36.1 percent. This is a significant improvement in reducing the length of craniomaxillofacial procedures. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, III.


Assuntos
Ossos Faciais/lesões , Ossos Faciais/cirurgia , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Duração da Cirurgia , Fraturas Cranianas/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Eur J Radiol ; 119: 108650, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525680

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate a strategy that used thermal-ablation of vertebral metastases (VM) to prevent vertebral related events (VRE) in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). METHODS: This single center study retrospectively reviewed records and post-operative imaging of all DTC patients treated with thermal-ablation for asymptomatic VMs. Rate of local tumor control at first post-operative imaging, 12 and 24 months after thermal-ablation and rate of VREs at 12 and 24 months among the treated VMs were reported. New VMs that occurred during the follow-up and were not considered for additional thermal-ablation were moniroted and VREs were reported. RESULTS: Thermal-ablation was used to achieve local control of 41 VMs in 28 patients. Median post-treatment follow-up was 22 months [range: 12-80] and the mean delay for first post-operative imaging was 2 months [range: 0.6-7.5]. Local control at first post-operative imaging, 12 and 24 months was achieved in 87.8%, 82.9% and 75.6%, respectively. Among the treated VMs the rates of VRE was 7.3% at 2 years, significantly lower if local control was achieved at first post-operative imaging than if it was not (0% vs 30%, p = 0.011, OR = 0.184 [95%CI = 0.094-0.360]). After thermal-ablation procedures, 19 news VMs occurred in 11 patients (39.2%) with a median interval of 8 months [range 1-26] and remained untreated. Among these untreated VMs, the rate of VREs at 2 years was significantly higher compared to the treated VMs: (36.8% vs. 7.3%, p = 0.008, OR = 0.135, [95%CI = 0.030-0.607]). CONCLUSION: local tumor control of VMs using thermal-ablation decreases the risk of VREs in DTC patients.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação/métodos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sacro/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/secundário , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
World Neurosurg ; 132: e305-e313, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the implementation of white matter (WM) fiber tractography by diffusion tensor imaging in presurgical planning for supratentorial tumors proximal to eloquent WM tracts can alter a neurosurgeon's operative strategy. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients with supratentorial brain tumors within eloquent WM tracts who underwent diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography as part of their preoperative assessment. These patients were classified into 3 different DTI groups per the radiology reports: group 1, intact WM tracts; group 2, deviated and/or displaced WM bundles; and group 3, patients with an established WM injury (interrupted and/or destroyed tracts). A blinded prospective behavioral study followed, in which 4 neurosurgeons reviewed the preoperative images at 2 different times (magnetic resonance imaging without DTI, followed by a review of the DTI). They provided estimations about the DTI group of each individual eloquent WM category in every patient, and their planned surgical approach. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (mean age, 58.3 years) were included in the study. The neurosurgeons provided a correct DTI group estimation in 53%, 60%, and 57% of the cases that involved motor/sensory pathway tracts, optic tracts, and language tracts, respectively. The neurosurgeons underestimated DTI group 3 in the motor category and in the optic category 75% of the time. DTI did not alter the planned surgical approach. CONCLUSIONS: DTI WM tractography helped neurosurgeons to correctly identify patients with interrupted motor and optic pathway tracts so they could be more aggressive with the extent of tumor resection, despite its inability to alter the operative approach.


Assuntos
Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Neuroimagem/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Branca/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuronavegação/métodos , Neurocirurgiões , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Supratentoriais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Supratentoriais/cirurgia
12.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1022-1029, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484858

RESUMO

Optical coherence tomography (OCT)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may increase contrast volume. However, the impact of OCT-guided PCI on the decline in kidney function (DKF) in actual clinical practice remains unclear.Among 1,003 consecutive patients who underwent either OCT-guided or intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI in our institute, we identified 202 propensity score-matched pairs adjusted by baseline factors. The incidence of DKF was compared between the OCT-guided PCI group and the IVUS-guided PCI group. DKF was defined as an increase in serum creatinine level of ≥ 0.5 mg/dL or a relative increase of ≥ 25% over baseline within 48 hours (acute DKF) or 1 month (sustained DKF) after PCI.Baseline characteristics, including the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (54% versus 46%, P = 0.09), were comparable between the OCT- and IVUS-guided PCI groups except for the age. The contrast volume was comparable between the two groups (153 ± 56 versus 144 ± 60 mL, P = 0.09), although it was significantly greater in the OCT-guided PCI group in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS; 175 ± 55 versus 159 ± 43 mL, P = 0.04). The incidence of acute DKF (0.5% versus 2.5%, P = 0.22) and sustained DKF (5.0% versus 10.4%, P = 0.31) was comparable between the two groups. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that ACS (odds ratio 4.74, 95% confidence interval 2.72-8.25, P < 0.001) was a predictor of sustained DKF.Compared with IVUS-guided PCI, OCT-guided PCI did not increase the incidence of DKF in actual clinical practice, although the increased contrast volume was observed in ACS cases.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Japão , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Segurança do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/efeitos adversos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/efeitos adversos
13.
J Clin Neurosci ; 69: 265-268, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473093

RESUMO

Percutaneous pedicle screws have been used in the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures for decades, and conventional fluoroscopy is commonly used to confirm the positions of the Jamshidi needles during the procedure. In this article, a modified method is reported for the placement of Jamshidi needles. The attending surgeons did not receive any radiation during the procedure and the fluoroscopy time for the patients was little. In our method, all six Jamshidi needles were placed on the pedicles and hammered 2 mm into each entry site. When the verification images were acquired, the medical personnel went behind a lead-lined wall. The positions of the needles were first reviewed and adjusted as needed based on the anterior-posterior (AP) image. Then, the C-arm was rotated and lateral images were obtained to further verify the needle placement. The rest of the screw placement procedure remained the same. The proposed technique was applied in 45 patients with thoracolumbar fractures. It took an average (range) of 5 (4-7) single-shot images to ensure all the needles were positioned at the ideal entry site and 12 (10-17) minutes to complete this step. No neurological symptoms were reported by the patients. Using the proposed technique, the radiation exposure for the surgeons is zero, and the patients are well-protected from excessive radiation exposure. This modified method of embedding all the Jamshidi needles at the entry sites before fluoroscopy is an improved technique compared with the conventional method.


Assuntos
Parafusos Pediculares , Exposição à Radiação/prevenção & controle , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Fluoroscopia/efeitos adversos , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Vértebras Torácicas
14.
Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am ; 31(4): 531-538, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399286

RESUMO

This article reviews the basic setup and function of surgical navigation and displays a variety of applications in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The use of surgical navigation for dental implant placement is discussed elsewhere in this issue.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Cirurgia Bucal/métodos , Interface Usuário-Computador , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos
15.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 5953-5960, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Screw penetration into the hip joint is a severe complication during acetabular fracture surgery. The standard fluoroscopic views of the pelvis cannot provide adequate safety during screw insertion. The aim of this research was to determine and evaluate the accuracy of the acetabular lateral view for screw placement. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty screws were randomly chosen and intentionally penetrated into the articular surface (1-2 mm), and the remaining 20 screws were extra-articular ones positioned in close proximity to the articular surface. Three surgeons, each evaluating 40 screws, provided a total of 120 rated observations for each screw position. We compared the traditional view or combined with lateral acetabular view with the criterion standard based on unaided visual assessment. A blinded and independent review of each pelvic intraoperative fluoroscopy was made by 3 independent observers. Specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, correct interpretation, intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), and Youden index were calculated. RESULTS There were significant differences in sensitivity, NPV, correct interpretation, and Youden index between the 2 groups (P<0.05). The ICC was 0.531 when the antero-posterior, iliac, and obturator oblique views were used. The ICC was remarkably increased when using a combination of the ''lateral'' view and the standard views for screw perforation of the joint. CONCLUSIONS Use of the lateral view of the acetabulum can be a complementary method to identify malpositioned screws, and it helps increase the accuracy rate of inserting screws in the treatment of posterior wall fracture.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Acetábulo/lesões , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Parafusos Ósseos , Cadáver , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pelve/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos
18.
Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc ; 53(5): 360-365, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371131

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of Computed Tomography (CT) guided percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) in the treatment of osteoid osteoma (OO). METHODS: A total of 116 patients (82 male and 34 female patients; mean age of 17.7 years; age range 13-months-42 years) who had 118 CT guided RFA treatment between June 2015 and November 2018 (42 moths) with the diagnosis of OO were included in this study. All the patients had pre-procedural CT examinations. The clinical and technical success and the safety of the treatment were evaluated by assessing the clinical pain symptoms, complication rates and recovery of posture and gait. RESULTS: All the patients had a favorable immediate relief of the known pain caused by osteoid osteoma in 24 h after the procedure. Only in two patients (15-years-old boy with OO in right femoral neck and a 12 years old boy with OO in femur diaphysis) pain relapse was occurred in 3 months and 12 months after RFA and a second RFA was performed. During follow-up they had no pain. The technical success and efficacy-rates of the procedure were recorded as 100% and 98% respectively in this study. No significant complication was observed during treatment or recovery period. Seven minor complications were noted which were successfully treated. CONCLUSION: The rapid relief of pain symptoms, low relapse rate and low complication rates demonstrate the efficacy and safety of RFA therapy. RFA is an out-patient procedure that patients can be mobilized immediately after the procedure. RFA can be safely used as a first choice of treatment method in OO therapy. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, therapeutic study.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Ablação por Cateter , Osteoma Osteoide , Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adolescente , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoma Osteoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoma Osteoide/patologia , Osteoma Osteoide/cirurgia , Dor/etiologia , Dor/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Recidiva , Reoperação , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(3): 713-715, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461036

RESUMO

There are several approaches to correct sagittal synostosis. Regardless of technique, the goals are to (1) release the fused suture and (2) impart a normocephalic head shape with resultant functional and aesthetic benefits. This article and video detail the authors' preferred technique for the treatment of sagittal synostosis. This novel method involves three-dimensional planning and an open approach to focus on immediate correction of the anteroposterior, mediolateral, and vertex dimensions, using vault remodeling, pedicled osseous ("Maltese") crosses, and corset pericranial flaps.


Assuntos
Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Craniossinostoses/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Lactente , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Presse Med ; 48(7-8 Pt 2): e219-e231, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447333

RESUMO

Image-guided ablation is performed by percutaneously introducing ablation probes to deliver energy into a tumor to destroy it in a controlled and localized fashion. Ablation modalities can be broadly classified as thermal or non-thermal based on the mechanism of tumor destruction and are performed using different types of image guidance for planning, delivering and follow-up of the treatment. Ablation is performed in a minimally invasive fashion, providing greater residual organ preservation with minimal morbidity to the patient. Image-guided ablation is being used in the clinic for the treatment of primary and metastatic tumors, and this article reviews state of the art for the treatment of malignancies in the liver, lung, kidney and musculoskeletal tissue.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Tecido Conjuntivo/patologia , Tecido Conjuntivo/cirurgia , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Rim/cirurgia , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/cirurgia , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/cirurgia , Sistema Musculoesquelético/patologia , Sistema Musculoesquelético/cirurgia , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/patologia , Especificidade de Órgãos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
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