Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 177
Filtrar
5.
Surg Innov ; 25(1): 88-89, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28901821

RESUMO

Frederick Salmon was born in Bath. From his early career, he was fond of surgery, mostly interested in proctology. He had been specialized in London at St Bartholomew's Hospital. He was the founder of "The Infirmary for the Relief of the Poor Afflicted with Fistula and Other Disease of the Rectum," and the writer of one of the most important surgical treatises, the " Practical Observations on Prolapsus of the Rectum." In this book, Salmon described an innovative operation for procidentia, based on the principle "trans-fixing pins and excision." Although his work was too significant for the era, he was almost completely neglected by historians, most probably due to his clash with his fellow surgeons, who had been considered by him as scientifically inadequate in anorectal diseases.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal/história , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Prolapso Retal , Cirurgiões/história , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/história , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Inglaterra , História do Século XIX , Hospitais/história , Humanos , Masculino , Prolapso Retal/história , Prolapso Retal/cirurgia
10.
Am Surg ; 83(1): 1-2, 2017 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28234103

RESUMO

William Arbuthnot Lane contributed to the advancement of many fields of orthopedics, otolaryngology, and general surgery. He is credited for his "no-touch technique" and the invention of long-handled instruments, some of which are still in use today, to minimize tissue handling. He is most well known for his hypothesis that slowing of gastric contents could cause a variety of ailments and this became known as Lane's disease. Although his surgical treatment of Lane's disease is now defunct, it advanced the surgical technique in colorectal surgery. It seems likely that some of Lane's "autointoxication" patients would be classified today as patients with colonic inertia, diverticulitis, colonic volvulus, and megacolon or, which are all treated with colectomy. Lane was a pioneer in multiple fields and a true general surgeon. He advanced colorectal surgery immensely and propelled the field of surgery into a new era.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal/história , Cirurgia Geral/história , Cirurgiões/história , Constipação Intestinal/história , Constipação Intestinal/cirurgia , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos
11.
Magy Seb ; 69(4): 201-202, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27991025
13.
J Med Biogr ; 24(3): 380-3, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24972616

RESUMO

John Cedric Goligher was one of the great figures in British surgery. Although he practised general surgery as well, the medical community around the world elected him the pre-eminent colon and rectal surgeon of his time. Technically he was considered a master surgeon with enormous personal experience that was expressed in many papers and books written throughout his life. As the Chairman of the University Department of Surgery at the General Infirmary at Leeds, he developed many prospective controlled studies that granted him a national and international reputation. This paper aims to render him posthumous credit by remembering his career, literature contributions and the importance of his legacy to the surgical community.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal/história , Cirurgiões/história , História do Século XX , Reino Unido
16.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 30(6): 723-48, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25687247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal surgery has its roots in the early civilisations and its development followed a complex pathway never disjoined from the social and cultural environment where it took place. METHOD: The most relevant historical sources have been evaluated. RESULTS: A comprehensive review of the history of colorectal surgery is presented, from the ancient Egyptian culture to the modern achievements. The development of surgery of colon, rectum and anus is reported with particular reference to the social environment and history; as the development of colorectal surgery parallels the occurrence of human historical events, the study of the former cannot be disjoined from the latter. CONCLUSION: Study and knowledge of the history of medicine--and, in particular, of colorectal surgery for those interested in this particular subject--is a privileged way to understand who we are nowadays and where we come from.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal/história , Bizâncio , Egito , Grécia , História do Século XV , História do Século XVI , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , História Antiga , História Medieval , Humanos , Índia , Judaísmo , Oriente Médio , Robótica/história , Mundo Romano
19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 20(48): 18104-20, 2014 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25561780

RESUMO

Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) have rapidly gained pace worldwide, potentially replacing conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) as the preferred colorectal surgery technique. Currently available data mainly consist of retrospective series analyzed in four meta-analyses. Despite conflicting results and lack of an objective comparison, SILS appears to offer cosmetic advantages over CLS. However, due to conflicting results and marked heterogeneity, present data fail to show significant differences in terms of operative time, postoperative morbidity profiles, port-site complications rates, oncological appropriateness, duration of hospitalization or cost when comparing SILS with conventional laparoscopy for colorectal procedures. The application of "pure" NOTES in humans remains limited to case reports because of unresolved issues concerning the ideal access site, distant organ reach, spatial orientation and viscera closure. Alternatively, minilaparoscopy-assisted natural orifice surgery techniques are being developed. The transanal "down-to-up" total mesorectum excision has been derived for transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) and represents the most encouraging NOTES-derived technique. Preliminary experiences demonstrate good oncological and functional short-term outcomes. Large-scale randomized controlled trials are now mandatory to confirm the long-term SILS results and validate transanal TEM for the application of NOTES in humans.


Assuntos
Doenças do Colo/cirurgia , Colonoscopia/tendências , Cirurgia Colorretal/tendências , Laparoscopia/tendências , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/tendências , Doenças Retais/cirurgia , Colonoscopia/efeitos adversos , Colonoscopia/história , Colonoscopia/mortalidade , Cirurgia Colorretal/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/história , Laparoscopia/mortalidade , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/história , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA