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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(2): e23540, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466120

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The independent plastic surgery pathway recruits candidates with 5 years of surgical training who are typically more advanced in research than their integrated counterparts. Research productivity helps to discriminate between applicants. However, no studies exist detailing the academic attributes of matched independent plastic surgery candidates.We performed a cohort study of 161 independent plastic surgery fellows from accredited residency programs from the 2015 to 2017 application cycles. We performed a bibliometric analysis utilizing Scopus, PubMed, and Google Scholar to identify research output measures at the time of application.The cohort was predominantly men (66%) with a median of 3 articles and a H-index of 1 at the time of application. Interestingly, 16% of successful candidates had no published articles at the time of application, and this did not change significantly over time (P = .0740). Although the H-index remained stable (R 0.13, P = .1095), the number of published journal articles per candidate significantly decreased over 3 consecutive application cycles (R -0.16, P = .0484). Analysis of article types demonstrated a significant increase in basic science articles (R 0.18, P = .0366) and a concurrent decrease in editorial-type publications (R = -0.18, P = .0374).Despite the decline in publication volume of matched independent plastic surgery fellows, the quality of their research portfolio has remained constant. Matched applicants appear to be shifting focus from faster-to-publish articles to longer but higher impact projects. In selecting a training route, applicants must weigh the highly competitive integrated path against the dwindling number of independent positions.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Bolsas de Estudo/estatística & dados numéricos , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Bibliometria , Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Feminino , Médicos Graduados Estrangeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
2.
Can J Surg ; 63(5): E454-E459, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107817

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Small surgical residency programs like plastic surgery can be challenging environments to accommodate parental leave. This study aimed to report the experiences, attitudes and perceived support of Canadian plastic surgery residents, recent graduates and staff surgeons with respect to pregnancy and parenting during training. Residents and staff surgeons were invited via email to participate in an online survey. The results presented here explore experiences of pregnancy and parental leave of current plastic surgery residents and staff surgeons. Residents' and staff surgeons' perceptions of program director support, policies, negative comments and the impact of parental leave on the workload of others were also explored. Although the findings suggest that there may be improvements in the support of program directors, there continues to be a negative attitude in surgical culture toward pregnancy during residency. The perceived confusion of respondents with respect to programspecific policies emphasizes the need for open conversations and standardization of parental leave.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Licença Parental/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez/psicologia , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Adulto , Canadá , Feminino , Humanos , Internato e Residência/organização & administração , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diretores Médicos/psicologia , Políticas , Gravidez/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Cirurgia Plástica/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Cir. plást. ibero-latinoam ; 46(3): 349-359, jul.-sept. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-196925

RESUMO

La Sociedad Española de Cirugía Plástica, Reparadora y Estética (SECPRE) ha experimentado cambios desde su inicio en 1953 y sus integrantes han participado en la creación de diferentes sociedades profesionales que han mostrado su eficacia en el desarrollo de la especialidad. La creación de la Fundación Docente SECPRE contribuye a mejorar la formación de los futuros especialistas, a los que hay que mantener motivados después de un exigente examen de ingreso en el sistema de formación nacional de médicos internos y residentes español. En la especialidad de Cirugía Plástica no existe desempleo, pero hay interinidad en muchos puestos de trabajo. Es una especialidad que ha sabido adaptarse al progreso de la ciencia médica y ha contribuido a su desarrollo. Mantener motivadas a las nuevas generaciones de especialistas, adaptarse a las necesidades de los cambios sociales y seguir contribuyendo a los avances biomédicos, son el camino de una especialidad que repara los "tejidos histológicos"


The Spanish Society of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery (SECPRE) has undergone changes since its inception in 1953 and its members have participated in the creation of different professional societies, which have shown their effectiveness in the development of the specialty. The creation of the SECPRE Educational Foundation helps to improve the training of future specialists, who must keep motivated after a demanding examination to enter into the spanish national residents training system. In the specialty of Plastic Surgery there is no unemployment, but temporariness is too common. The specialty has adapted to the progress of medical science and has contributed to its development. Keeping the new generations of specialists motivated, adapting to the needs of social changes and continuing to contribute to biomedical advances are the path of a specialty that repairs the "histological tissues"


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/história , Cirurgia Plástica/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/educação , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Cirurgia Plástica/organização & administração , Educação Especial/história , Educação Especial/tendências , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Microcirurgia/educação , Microcirurgia/tendências
6.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(3): 690-697, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gender parity remains elusive in academic plastic surgery. It is unknown whether this disparity is attributable to differences in qualifications or to the glass ceiling of gender bias. To parse this, the authors compared academic titles and departmental leadership of female academic plastic surgeons to a matched group of their male counterparts. METHODS: The authors conducted a cross-sectional analysis of academic plastic surgeons. The authors identified faculty, sex, academic rank, and leadership positions from plastic surgery residency program websites. The authors then collected details on training institution, advanced degrees, years in practice, and h-index for use as independent variables. The authors performed a propensity score analysis to 1:1 match male and female academic plastic surgeons. RESULTS: A total of 818 academic plastic surgeons were included. The cohort was predominately male [n = 658 (81 percent)], with a median 12 years in practice and a median h-index of 9. Before matching, men had more years in practice (13 years versus 9 years; p < 0.0001), a greater h-index (11 versus 5; p < 0.0001), were more likely to be professors (34 percent versus 13 percent; p < 0.0001), and held more leadership positions than women (41 percent versus 30 percent; p = 0.0221). Following matching, gender parity was demonstrated in academic rank and departmental leadership. CONCLUSIONS: Differences in training, qualifications, career length, and academic productivity may account for the leadership gap in academic plastic surgery. Gendered difficulties in reaching qualification benchmarks must be addressed before gender parity in promotion can be achieved.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Docentes de Medicina/normas , Internato e Residência/métodos , Liderança , Pontuação de Propensão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/educação , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Estudos Transversais , Eficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais
7.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(3): 698-707, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have provided recommendations for increasing female leadership in academic plastic surgery. This study quantifies the extent to which these recommendations have been met in plastic surgery residency programs and identifies remaining institutional barriers to the advancement of women in academic plastic surgery. METHODS: An electronic survey was designed to quantify select recommendations for promoting female leadership in academic plastic surgery. The survey was distributed to either a female faculty member or a male program director at each academic plastic surgery program. An optional phone interview discussing current barriers to women's advancement followed the survey. RESULTS: Forty-nine of 92 survey recipients participated (52.7 percent response rate). Women constituted 25 percent of faculty, 22 percent of program directors, and 20 percent of program leaders of participating programs. Programs on average provided three of 11 resources. Programs with female leaders provided 6.20 resources versus 2.28 resources at departments with male chairs (p = 0.015). Programs with female program directors provided 5.50 resources versus 2.18 resources at programs with male program directors (p = 0.008). Of the 49 survey respondents, nine completed the interview (18.4 percent completion rate). The most frequently identified barriers to aspiring women leaders were opaque promotion criteria (cited by 77.8 percent of interviewees), motherhood bias (77.8 percent), and unequal recruitment practices (55.6 percent). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of a female chair or program director is associated with a greater quantity of resources for promoting female leaders. Remaining barriers to women seeking academic leadership positions include compensation and promotion disparities, motherhood bias, and unequal recruitment practices.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Liderança , Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Feminino , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Masculino , Sexismo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
10.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(2): 447-454, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740604

RESUMO

Plastic surgeons have the unique perspective of working with all types of patients and care teams from almost all specialties in surgery and medicine, which creates unique challenges in times of distress. As the initial epicenter of coronavirus disease 2019 cases in the United States, the University of Washington program was required to rapidly develop strategies to deal with the escalating crisis. All aspects of the program were affected, including the need to triage the urgency of plastic surgery care, safe staffing of plastic surgery teams, and the role of plastic surgery in the greater hospital community. In addition, as a residency training program, limiting the impact of resident education and maintaining a sense of community and connection among members of the program developed into important considerations. The authors hope that the narrative of their experience will provide insight into the decisions made in the University of Washington health care system but also remind others that they are not alone in dealing with the challenges of this pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Controle de Infecções/normas , Internato e Residência/organização & administração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Universidades/organização & administração , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/organização & administração , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/normas , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Internato e Residência/normas , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/educação , Cirurgiões/educação , Cirurgiões/organização & administração , Universidades/normas , Washington , Recursos Humanos/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos/normas
16.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(4): 905-912, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639429

RESUMO

The practice of plastic surgery has become more complex. As plastic surgeons face the postgraduate realities of contracts, negotiations, and health system employment, they are frequently unprepared to effectively manage these challenges. Furthermore, many plastic surgery training programs do not emphasize real-world business and policy concerns in residency training. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery endeavors to provide robust conceptual education and guidance in business and policy to help both private practice and academic plastic surgeons participate in, lead, and shape the future of health care.


Assuntos
Comércio , Cirurgia Plástica , Comércio/educação , Cirurgia Plástica/educação
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