Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 534
Filtrar
1.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 344-348, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047150

RESUMO

Introdução: A maior exposição nas mídias sociais gerou uma maior autoavaliação e a consequente busca pela aparência ideal. Dessa forma, a motivação de utilizar métodos cirúrgicos para melhora da aparência física cresce exponencialmente. Métodos: Foram distribuídos 3 questionários para 64 alunos: "Body Shape Questionnaire" (BSQ), "Escala de Investimento Corporal" (EIC) e "Questionário de interesse em cirurgias plásticas futuras" (QICPF). A partir da tabulação dos dados, foi realizada a análise estatística quantitativa por meio do teste qui-quadrado e risco relativo, para estudo objetivo e cruzado dos questionários. Resultados: O BSQ médio foi de 98,04, a relação de maior pontuação nesse questionário com QIRCP apresentou Risco Relativo (RR=2,41 e p=0,002). A média do EIC foi de 91 e, quando relacionado com QIRCP, não se apresentou estatisticamente relevante (RR=0,94 e p=0,83). Quanto à pergunta objetiva de satisfação corporal e o QIRCP, nota-se que a maior insatisfação corporal é fator de risco para querer realizar mais cirurgias plásticas (RR=1,94 e p=0,003) e as mulheres apresentam-se como o gênero de maior interesse (RR=3,01 e p=0,01). Conclusões: A análise estatística para a população estudada sugere que BSQ elevado, insatisfação corporal e mulheres apresentam maior interesse em realizar cirurgia plástica.


Introduction: Social media has generated an increase in selfevaluation and the search for the ideal appearance. Thus, the motivation to use surgical methods to improve physical appearance has grown exponentially. Methods: The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), Body Investment Scale (BIS), and Questionnaire of Interest in Future Plastic Surgeries (QIFPS) were administered to 64 students. Once the data were collected, a quantitative statistical analysis using the chi-square test and relative risk (RR) was conducted. Results: The BSQ mean was 98.04, the relation of greater punctuation in this questionnaire with QIFPS presented an RR of 2.41; (p = 0.002). The mean BIS score was 91; compared to the QIFPS, it was not statistically relevant (RR = 0.94; p = 0.83). Regarding the objective question of body satisfaction and QIFPS, highest body dissatisfaction was a risk factor for desiring more plastic surgeries (RR = 1.94; p = 0.003), as was female sex (RR = 3.01; p = 0.01). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that a high BSQ score, high body dissatisfaction, and female sex are risk factors for a desire to undergo plastic surgery.


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XXI , Satisfação Pessoal , Cirurgia Plástica , Imagem Corporal , Análise Estatística , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estética , Aparência Física , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Cirurgia Plástica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/ética , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Estética/psicologia
3.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(2): 499-504, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of social media to discuss topics related to and within plastic surgery has become widespread in recent years; however, it remains unclear how to use this abundance of largely untapped data to propagate educational research in the field of plastic surgery. In this prospective, observational study, the authors aimed to delineate which plastic surgery-related topics evoked a significant emotional response within the study population and to assess the utility of motivational artificial intelligence within the field of plastic surgery. METHODS: Over a 4-month period (January to April of 2018), Cognovi Lab's artificial intelligence technology was used to search and analyze emotional reactions to several commonly hashtagged words. This innovative software uses several key metrics to describe its findings, including awareness, engagement, and motivation. RESULTS: Of the search terms examined, "nose job" had the most awareness during the study period, and the topic that most engaged consumers emotionally was "liposuction." Interestingly, "liposuction" ranked only fifth in terms of awareness. Consumers showed the strongest positive motivation toward the subjects of "plastic surgery" and "cosmetic surgery," and the lowest motivation toward the topic of "tummy tucks." CONCLUSIONS: This analysis by Cognovi Labs is the first quantitative effort to use the plethora of data on social media to interpret patient motivations and subsequent behavior. Moving forward, artificial intelligence technology will make it possible to predict which plastic surgery products, procedures, and practices will be successful. The findings presented in this article describe the unique viewpoint and power that this technology can deliver.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Inteligência Emocional , Estética , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Body Image ; 30: 64-74, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174082

RESUMO

In this study, we examined the relations between drag queens' gendered performance styles and body change attitudes and behaviors. We also examined potential mediating and moderating variables in these links via two moderated mediation models. Participants consisted of 192 drag queen performers who completed a web-based survey. Hyper-feminine but not gender fluid drag was positively related to disordered eating, acceptance of cosmetic surgery, internalization of cultural standards of beauty, and upward appearance comparison. Both internalization of cultural standards of beauty and upward appearance comparison mediated the hyper-feminine drag and disordered eating link. Beauty internalization also mediated the hyper-feminine drag and acceptance of cosmetic surgery link but upward appearance comparison did not. We discovered two significant conditional indirect effects, in which the indirect effect of the hyper-feminine drag on both disordered eating and acceptance of cosmetic surgery via internalization of cultural standards of beauty were stronger for those with high levels of drag identity salience. Finally, we found a conditional direct effect, where hyper-feminine drag predicted acceptance of cosmetic surgery among drag queens with high and average levels of drag identity salience but not low levels.


Assuntos
Beleza , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/diagnóstico , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
5.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 143(4): 1259-1265, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30921153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social media play an important role in plastic surgery, yet there are limited studies in the literature to guide plastic surgeons' social networking practices. To address this deficiency and provide further insight, the authors set out to investigate the public's attitude toward plastic surgery using Twitter, a popular social media platform. The authors examined a large body of messages (tweets) related to plastic surgery using novel techniques of natural language processing and sentiment analysis. METHODS: The authors collected over 1 million tweets with the keywords "plastic," "cosmetic," "aesthetic," and "reconstruction" surgery spanning from 2012 to 2016 from the Twitter Gardenhose feed. Using hedonometrics, the authors extracted the average happiness/positivity (havg) of tweets and created word-shift graphs to determine the most influential words. RESULTS: The positivity scores for keywords "plastic," "cosmetic," "aesthetic," and "reconstruction" surgery were 5.72, 6.00, 6.16, and 6.09, respectively. In relation to "plastic," keywords "cosmetic" and "aesthetic" were more positive because they lacked antagonistic words, such as "fake," "ugly," "bad," "fails," or "wrong." The keyword "reconstruction," however, was more positively associated than the term "plastic" because of an increase in positive words, such as "honor," "amazing," "successful," and "respect." CONCLUSIONS: Tweets containing the term "plastic" surgery trended toward negativity, and may be explained by the increase in unfavorable, associative words. Conversely, related terms such as "aesthetic," "cosmetic," and "reconstruction" were more favorably regarded because of the lack of antagonistic words and the presence of supportive words. The authors' results are informative and may serve to guide plastic surgeons' social media practices.


Assuntos
Percepção , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Estética/psicologia , Felicidade , Humanos , Cirurgia Plástica/estatística & dados numéricos , Terminologia como Assunto
6.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 143(2): 619-630, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30688911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social media discussions are alive among plastic surgeons. This article represents a primer on beginning to understand how the public would seek out plastic surgeons and how demographics shape their preferences. METHODS: An anonymous 31-question survey was crowdsourced by means of MTurk. RESULTS: There were a total of 527 respondents. Of these respondents, 33 percent follow plastic surgeons on social media, with those aged younger than 35 years 3.9 times more likely to do so. Google was the first place people would look for a plastic surgeon (46 percent). When asked what was the most influential of all online methods for selecting a surgeon, practice website ranked first (25 percent), but social media platforms ranked higher as a whole (35 percent). Those considering surgical or noninvasive procedures are thee times more likely to select social media platforms as the most influential online method in selecting a surgeon and five times more likely to follow a plastic surgeon on social media. The majority would prefer not seeing the surgeon's private life displayed on social media (39 percent). Respondents were evenly split regarding whether graphic surgical images would lead them to unfollow accounts. Ninety-six percent of the general public were unclear of the type of board certification a plastic surgeon should hold. CONCLUSIONS: Clear differences in engagement and perception exist in the public based on age, sex, parental status, and reported country of origin. Social media will soon become a critical strategy in outreach and engagement and a valuable tool in clearing misconceptions within plastic surgery.


Assuntos
Demografia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Preferência do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Profissionalismo , Mídias Sociais/ética , Cirurgiões/ética , Cirurgia Plástica/ética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Técnicas Cosméticas/ética , Técnicas Cosméticas/psicologia , Crowdsourcing , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/ética , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Preferência do Paciente/psicologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/ética , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/psicologia , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 72(5): 813-820, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30638894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In our previous retrospective study, we detected an increased quality of life after aesthetic abdominoplasty. In this survey, we analyzed quality of life, self-esteem, emotional stability, and mental health before and after aesthetic abdominoplasty prospectively. METHODS: Twenty-two female patients were surveyed before and six months after their surgeries. The testing instrument consisted of a self-developed indication-specific questionnaire and four standardized tests (Questions on Life Satisfaction plus a specified part body image, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Freiburg Personality Inventory, and Patient Health Questionnaire-4). RESULTS: Significantly increased values were found concerning feeling comfortable in swimwear in front of the mirror or the sexual partner and at social or professional activities (each p=0.000). Women had less problems doing sports (p=0.029) and felt more feminine (p=0.012). Sum scores of general life satisfaction (p=0.016) and scores of the items leisure activity (p=0.003), relaxing abilities (p=0.002), and sexuality (p=0.046) showed significant improvements. The body image improved in general (p=0.010) and in particular in the items abdomen, hips, and waist (each p=0.000). Emotional stability increased significantly (p=0.029). We detected a mild mental depression in 27% and a moderate depression in 32% of our patients before surgery. Depressive disorders were significantly reduced (p=0.004) down to mild depression in 18% and moderate depression in 9% of the patients. CONCLUSION: Positive results for quality of life shown in the retrospective study were confirmed. Abdominoplasty improves general life satisfaction and satisfaction with health and outer appearance and increases emotional stability. Depressive patients showed a significant improvement after aesthetic abdominoplasty.


Assuntos
Abdominoplastia , Qualidade de Vida , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Abdominoplastia/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
9.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 143(2): 640-645, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30531627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Integrated plastic surgery residency applicants sometimes complete research fellowships before residency. The average productivity and the impact of these fellowships on subsequent application to residency are unknown. The purpose of this study was to provide objective data to better understand the utility and productivity of a research fellowship. METHODS: A national survey was conducted in which integrated plastic surgery residency applicants from 2013 to 2016 were surveyed regarding their experiences with research fellowships. American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons members were also surveyed to elicit their perspectives on the value of these fellowships. RESULTS: Six hundred twenty-one integrated plastic surgery applicants from 2013 to 2016 were included in the study. Twenty-five percent of applicants participated in a research fellowship. Applicants who completed research fellowships were more likely to match into plastic surgery compared to those who did not (97 percent versus 81 percent, respectively; p < 0.05). Fellows were highly satisfied with their fellowship experience and produced an average of five publications and presentations per fellowship year. Sixty-three percent of research fellowships were performed to strengthen applications to categorical integrated plastic surgery residency. American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons members considered three or four publications/presentations productive. Most do not recommend research fellowships to all medical students. CONCLUSIONS: Research fellowships can effectively prepare for categorical plastic surgery by improving publication and presentation experience. This is the first study to show that applicants who completed research fellowships were highly satisfied with their experience, accomplished higher than expected levels of productivity, and statistically significantly matched into an integrated plastic surgery residency more often than applicants without research fellowships.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/educação , Bolsas de Estudo , Internato e Residência , Critérios de Admissão Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Eficiência , Bolsas de Estudo/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Editoração , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
10.
Niger Postgrad Med J ; 25(4): 257-263, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30588948

RESUMO

Background: Female genital cosmetic surgery (FGCS) is performed in other to restore or enhance the female genitalia. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study assessing the knowledge and attitude of 310 women attending gynaecology clinic towards FGCS at University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Data were analysed using SPSS 20. Results: Mean age of respondents was 33.28 ± 7.68 years. Majority were married (76.1%) in monogamous family (87.7%) and almost half (49.7%) were multipara. About 56.1% had vaginal delivery of which 84.5% had perineal tear or/and episiotomy. Overall, 27.7% had heard about FGCS and 84.2% had positive attitude towards the procedure. Respondents' age, marital status and occupation were associated with their knowledge and attitude to FGCS. Women with skilled occupation were more likely to have the knowledge and positive attitude to FGCS. Conclusion: The knowledge of FGCS was low; however, majority had positive attitude towards it because of its associated sexual and psychological satisfaction.


Assuntos
Genitália Feminina/cirurgia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Cirurgia Plástica , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Rejuvenescimento/psicologia , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Health Care Anal ; 26(3): 207-219, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29987446

RESUMO

This article introduces a Special Issue comprising four papers emerging from the Beauty Demands Network project, and maps key issues in the beauty debate. The introduction first discusses the purpose of the Network; to consider the changing demands of beauty across disciplines and beyond academia. It then summarises the findings of the Network workshops, emphasising the complex place of notions of normality, and the different meanings and functions attached to 'normal' in the beauty context. Concerns are raised here about the use of normal to justify and motivate engaging in beauty practices such as cosmetic surgery and 'non-invasive' procedures. Other workshop findings included the recognition of beauty as increasingly a global value rather than a culturally distinct ideal, and the understanding that there is no clear distinction between beauty practices that are considered standard and those that are considered extreme. These themes, especially the concerns around understanding of normal, are reflected in the recommendations made by the Network in its Briefing Paper, which are presented next in this introduction. A further theme picked up by these recommendations is the extent to which individuals who are not traditionally vulnerable may be so in the beauty context. Finally, the introduction highlights the key matters covered in the four papers of the Special Issue: regulatory concerns around cosmetic surgery tourism; the impact of digitally altered images from psychological and philosophical perspectives; the ethics of genetic selection for fair skin; and the attraction and beauty of the contemporary athletic body.


Assuntos
Beleza , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Mulheres/psicologia , Humanos , Normas Sociais , Cirurgia Plástica/métodos
12.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 42(6): 1635-1647, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30019242

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The assessment of outcomes in aesthetic rhinoplasty is highly relevant because patient satisfaction and improved health-related quality of life (QoL) are the predominant factors in determining success. The patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) employed in rhinoplasty research studies are remarkably diverse, thus yielding difficulties with data analysis. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of the literature to reveal the relevance of the QoL assessment for rhinosurgeons. METHODS: A systematic literature search with the terms "Rhinoplasty" and "Quality of Life" was conducted using PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Scholar and Cochrane databases. Primarily, all publications related to QoL following aesthetic rhinoplasty between 2002 and 2017 were identified. As a secondary selection, we focused on articles with a prospective study design, a significant cohort size (at least 50 patients) and a follow-up period of at least 6 months after aesthetic rhinoplasty. RESULTS: A total of 62 PROM studies assessing QoL following aesthetic rhinoplasties were obtained. We ascertained an increasing publication rate of QoL articles over the last 15 years. Only 17 studies satisfied comprehensive inclusion criteria of a high qualitative study selection. The Rhinoplasty Outcome Evaluation was the most frequently used QoL questionnaire of the secondary selection (70.6%). The total number of 16 various questionnaires exhibit high heterogeneity. CONCLUSION: Our data strengthen the increasing importance of the assessment of QoL after rhinoplasty. Despite a lack of reliable publications with considerable heterogeneity and large variability in outcomes, functional-aesthetic rhinoplasty leads to a significant improvement of patient's health-related QoL. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE II: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .


Assuntos
Satisfação do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Rinoplastia/métodos , Rinoplastia/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nariz/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Medição de Risco , Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
13.
Ann Plast Surg ; 81(3): 360-363, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29975232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Attrition in plastic surgery is poorly characterized in the literature with previous data indicating that independent residents may have a higher rate of voluntary attrition with integrated residents having a higher rate of involuntary attrition. The aim of this study is to identify risk factors, note differences between pathways, and provide insight into resident attrition from plastic surgery residencies. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved anonymous, multiple-choice and short answer, online survey regarding resident attrition was sent to all plastic surgery program directors (PDs) in the United States focusing from 2003 to 2013. Outcomes measured included demographics of the program and attritional resident, timing and reasons for attrition, and possibility of preventing attrition. RESULTS: Thirty-three (35%) of 95 PDs responded. Average attrition rates were calculated at 2.15% for independent and 0.85% for integrated programs. Risk factors for attrition included being single, divorced, male, and having no dependents. One hundred percent of independent residents left by year 2, and 86% of integrated residents left by year 4. Lifestyle and loss of interest were most sited reasons for attrition. Most independent residents returned to their original field of training, whereas integrated residents were more likely to transfer to another integrated program. Only 17% of PDs believed attrition could have been prevented. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 3.0% of all plastic surgery residents underwent attrition. Being single, male, divorced, or having no dependents increases the risk of attrition in plastic surgery residencies. This is the first study to demonstrate potential risks factors for plastic surgery residents undergoing attrition.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida
14.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 142(1): 265-274, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29952906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Twitter is a recognized social media platform for communication of health information. Rime reported that emotion is the main motive for social sharing. This study is a content analysis of Twitter that was performed to identify the public's perceptions and attitudes toward plastic surgery and the emotional triggers that drive social sharing of plastic surgery information. METHODS: Tweets containing "#PlasticSurgery" or "Plastic Surgery" were archived randomly from August 1, 2014, to December 30, 2016 (n = 4548). Tweets were categorized according to tweet author, specialty, topic, content, multimedia included, emotion, tone, accuracy of information, source, and retweet rate. Statistical analysis was performed to detect significant patterns. RESULTS: Tweets on cosmetic surgery (74 percent) were shared mostly on Twitter, predominantly posted by the public [n = 1611 (48 percent)]. More than 13 percent of posts contained "celebrity news" and 42.8 percent contained professional information and resources. The most frequent emotions shared and retweeted were "relaxed/content" (51.5 percent) and "excited/interested" (18.4 percent). Most tweets posted by the public contained inaccurate information [n = 1486 (80 percent)]. Only 154 (11.2 percent) of board-certified plastic surgeons' tweets were rated as "most accurate." CONCLUSIONS: The majority of tweets posted on Twitter contained inaccurate information that can lead to misperception among the public. Understanding emotional triggers for social sharing provides insight into what is most appealing. To enhance public uptake and sharing of tweets, plastic surgeons can use these findings to promote the specialty using relaxed/content emotions or excitement in their social media posts.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Emoções , Mídias Sociais , Percepção Social , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Humanos
15.
Obstet Gynecol Surv ; 73(5): 287-292, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29850918

RESUMO

Importance: Female genital cosmetic surgery (FGCS) is a growing area within the field of gynecology with an increasing number of patients asking providers about these services. Objective: This review aims to increase the knowledge surrounding the types of FGCS performed, the outcomes and complications of these procedures, and the controversy surrounding FCGS. Evidence Acquisition: This study is a review of the most recent peer-reviewed articles and review articles as well as guidelines and recommendations of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Results: Female genital cosmetic surgery is a broad term that encompasses multiple procedures including labiaplasty, vaginoplasty, clitoral hoodectomy, hymenectomy, labia majora augmentation, and G-spot amplification. Minimal data exist regarding the long-term outcomes and complications associated with these procedures. There is also a paucity of literature comparing FGCS to less invasive alternatives. Significant controversy exists regarding FGCS, given the known variation in female genitalia, lack of safety data, and concern for proprietary conflict with these procedures. Conclusions and Relevance: Cosmetic gynecology surgery has become more popular in recent years, with few studies assessing the long-term benefits and harms of these treatments. Gynecologists should be aware of the lack of evidence supporting the effectiveness of FGCS in light of the growing marketing efforts and patient demand for these procedures.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Rejuvenescimento/psicologia , Vagina/cirurgia , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/psicologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Plástica/ética , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia
16.
Ugeskr Laeger ; 180(24)2018 06 11.
Artigo em Dinamarquês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29886889

RESUMO

Cosmetic tourism is defined as patient mobility across borders, typically constituted by patients seeking cosmetic surgery at lower costs abroad. The most common procedures are abdominoplasty, fat grafting and breast augmentation. Very little is known about the complication rates after cosmetic tourism, and there is a paucity of evidence in all aspects of cosmetic tourism. In this review, we focus on post-operative complications i.e. post-operative infections, in particular with rare microorganisms such as mycobacteria.


Assuntos
Turismo Médico , Cirurgia Plástica/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Turismo Médico/psicologia , Turismo Médico/normas , Mycobacterium , Infecções por Mycobacterium/etiologia , Infecções por Mycobacterium/microbiologia , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/microbiologia
17.
Body Image ; 26: 74-77, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29920426

RESUMO

The present research examined the roles of different forms of peer influence, internalization, social comparison, and body dissatisfaction in men's interest in cosmetic surgery. Participants were 204 Italian men (Mage = 34.02, SD = 11.21). Regression analyses showed that appearance conversations with friends and peer attribution were associated with consideration of cosmetic surgery for social reasons, while teasing on muscularity (but not teasing on general body and shape) was linked to interest in cosmetic surgery for intrapersonal motives. Social comparison was significantly and positively associated with men's interest in cosmetic surgery, while internalization was not. Dissatisfaction with body fat was linked to men's consideration of cosmetic surgery for social motivations, while muscularity and height dissatisfaction did not emerge as significant correlates of cosmetic surgery attitudes. These findings highlight the importance of psychosocial factors, such as peer influence, body fat dissatisfaction, and social comparison in men's interest in cosmetic procedures.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Homens/psicologia , Infuência dos Pares , Satisfação Pessoal , Percepção Social , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude , Feminino , Amigos , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Grupo Associado
19.
AMA J Ethics ; 20(4): 384-391, 2018 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29671733

RESUMO

The recent rise in women seeking cosmetic surgery of their genitalia (labiaplasty) coincides with the increasing number of surgeons posting videos of these operations on social media accounts and websites. Sociocultural influences significantly contribute to our ideas of what constitutes healthy and pathologic, and surgeons have historically played a role in defining "normal" and "abnormal" anatomy. In the nineteenth century, Saartjie Baartman-a woman with a large posterior and unusually long labia minora-was used by physicians to "educate" the public about these differences. We examine the parallels with the twenty-first century practice of surgeons using social media to educate patients about the operations they perform and discuss ethical and professional hazards associated with this practice.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/ética , Mídias Sociais/ética , Normas Sociais , Cirurgiões/ética , Cirurgia Plástica/ética , Vulva/cirurgia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/psicologia , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia
20.
Dermatol Surg ; 44(8): 1121-1128, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29659404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive cosmetic injectable procedures are increasingly common. However, a few studies have investigated changes in psychosocial functioning following these treatments. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in body image, quality of life, and self-esteem following cosmetic injectable treatment with soft tissue fillers and neuromodulators. METHODS: Open, prospective study of 75 patients undergoing cosmetic injectable procedures for facial aging to evaluate changes in psychosocial functioning within 6 weeks of treatment. Outcome measures included the Derriford appearance scale (DAS-24), body image quality of life inventory (BIQLI), and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale. RESULTS: Body image dissatisfaction, as assessed by the DAS-24, improved significantly 6 weeks after the treatment. Body image quality of life, as assessed by the BIQLI, improved, but the change did not reach statistical significance. Self-esteem was unchanged after the treatment. CONCLUSION: Minimally invasive cosmetic injectable procedures were associated with reductions in body image dissatisfaction. Future research, using recently developed cosmetic surgery-specific instruments, may provide further insight into the psychosocial benefits of minimally invasive procedures.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Preenchedores Dérmicos/administração & dosagem , Neurotransmissores/administração & dosagem , Qualidade de Vida , Autoimagem , Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intradérmicas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA