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1.
Georgian Med News ; (306): 23-27, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130640

RESUMO

The efficacy and safety of mini-thoracotomy with video tracking in the treatment of complicated forms of tuberculous pleurisy was studied. The study included 78 patients who were treated in the department of extrapulmonary surgery of the Aktobe Regional TB Dispensary in the period from 2016 to 2019. A mini-thoracotomy with video-assistant, and a control (41 patients) group - standard thoracotomy was performed in patients of the main (37 patients) group. Early surgical interventions according to the VATS method in the treatment of complicated forms of tuberculous pleurisy reduced the patient's stay in the ICU by 1.6 times, reduced intraoperative blood loss by 3.3 times, the average duration of surgery 2.5 times, improve the dynamics of the restoration of external respiratory function, reduce the number of postoperative complications 2.1 times. The timing of reexpansion (straightening) of the lung, the elimination of residual cavities and a smaller number of patients with chest deformity indicated a greater efficacy of VATS in comparison with traditional surgical interventions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Tuberculose Pleural , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Toracotomia , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose Pleural/cirurgia
2.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(10): 812-818, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130771

RESUMO

In Japan, where the population is aging, the number of elderly lung cancer cases is expected to increase. Therefore, we retrospectively compared and examined about elderly lung cancer. METHOD: There were 1,283 patients undergoing surgery for lung cancer between 2009 and 2018 at our institution. We classified them into 75~85 years old, 85 years old or older, and younger than 75 years, and examined the patient background, surgical procedure, and perioperative complications. RESULT: 96.2% of 75~85 years group and 100% of 85 years old or older group had some history. There was a significant difference between the ages of 85 years old or older in PS 1 and above. There was a significant difference in limited resection between the 2 elderly groups compared to younger than 75 years group. The perioperative complication rates were 75~85 years old group (23.2%), 85 years old or older (30.9%), and younger than 75 years group (23.2%), with no significant difference. There were significant differences in postoperative delirium and chronic respiratory failure in 75~85 years group and 85 years old or older compared with younger than 75 years group. We performed a multivariate analysis of risk factors for complications. Males, PS 1 or higher, approach[ thoracotomy, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS)], and limited resection were considered to be independent factors. The 5-year survival rate was 70.9% in 75~85 years group, 39.3% in 85 years old or older group, and 81.0% in younger than 75 years group, and was significantly lower in 85 years old or older group. CONCLUSION: Elderly patients need to be aware of postoperative delirium and chronic respiratory failure. It is possible that the complication rate can be reduced by performing a thorough evaluation of operative resistance and selecting an appropriate surgical procedure in the elderly.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pneumonectomia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Japão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Toracotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(10): 866-869, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130781

RESUMO

The number of patients receiving hemodialysis has increased, and a proportionate increase of such patients with malignant tumor is expected. Hemodialysis patients are associated with a special condition, which is an obstacle during surgery. Surgery for dialysis patients is associated with high risk due to heart failure, respiratory failure, bleeding tendency, and immunosuppression. Therefore, dialysis patients should undergo sufficient preoperative evaluation and course of dialysis before surgery. In addition, minimally invasive surgery are required to reduce a risk of postoperative complication, and recently video-assisted thoracic surgery is performed. To reduce bleeding, using nafamostat mesilate on hemodialysis is also important management method. Careful infusion is necessary because volume overload causes the most dangerous complications, heart failure and pulmonary edema. Because dialysis patients are easily infected, sufficient care must be taken for wound infection, pneumonia, and empyema. Dialysis patients require careful perioperative management, but standard surgery is possible. However, prognosis for lung cancer with hemodialysis patient is not satisfactory. Future research on postoperative therapy including anticancer drugs is expected.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Cirurgia Torácica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Diálise Renal , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22574, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019470

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Pulmonary sequestration (PS) presenting with elevated serum tumor markers is rare, and it might be misdiagnosed as malignancy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 26-year-old asymptomatic male patient was admitted because the x-ray showed an intrathoracic lesion. Meanwhile, the serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) was elevated. Three-dimensional computed tomography angiography revealed an isolated feeding vessel arising from the aorta. DIAGNOSES: Extralobular PS was confirmed by computed tomography angiography and postoperative pathological staining. INTERVENTIONS: Two-port thoracoscopic resection of the sequestrated lobe was performed. OUTCOMES: The serum NSE decreased to within the normal range and persisted during the follow up of 10 months. LESSONS: A thorough work-up should be considered for the PS patients presenting with abnormal serum NSE. Detailed knowledge regarding the relationship between NSE and PS necessitates further studies.


Assuntos
Sequestro Broncopulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/sangue , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Aorta/anormalidades , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Sequestro Broncopulmonar/patologia , Sequestro Broncopulmonar/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 296, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Surgical Pleth Index (SPI) is a monitoring method that reflects painful stimuli during general anesthesia, and dexmedetomidine is an analgesic adjuvant with an opioid-sparing effect. But up to now, it is still unclear whether dexmedetomidine has any influence on SPI. To investigate whether dexmedetomidine has an effect on SPI during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 94 patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic lung lobectomy. Patients were randomly assigned to a dexmedetomidine group (dexmedetomidine: 0.8 µg/kg administered for 10 min before anesthesia) or normal saline group (equal volume of normal saline). SPI and vital signs were recorded. The number rating scale (NRS) pain score was also evaluated. RESULTS: SPI values were significantly lower in the dexmedetomidine group than in the normal saline group at intubation and at discharge from the postanesthesia care unit. Compared with the normal saline group, mean arterial pressure and heart rate were both significantly lower in the dexmedetomidine group at intubation. Heart rate was lower at skin incision in the dexmedetomidine group. The NRS score in the normal saline group was noticeably higher vs. the dexmedetomidine group at discharge from the postanesthesia care unit. CONCLUSIONS: Dexmedetomidine decreased intraoperative SPI and NRS scores. Our results showed that dexmedetomidine attenuated noxious stimuli. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR): ChiCTR-OOC-16009450 , Registered 16 October, 2016.


Assuntos
Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/uso terapêutico , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapêutico , Pneumopatias/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anestesia Geral , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória , Pneumonectomia , Estudos Prospectivos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Adulto Jovem
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(42): e22719, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare perioperative outcomes and surgeon physical and mental stress when performing lobectomy through uniportal and multiportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) on patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Patients aged 41 to 73 years with resectable NSCLC were randomly assigned via a computer-generated randomisation sequence to receive either uniportal VATS (UVATS) or multiportal VATS (MVATS) lobectomy and lymphadenectomy between December 2015 and October 2016. Overall, we randomly assigned 35 patients to the UVATS and 34 to the MVATS group. Patients and the investigators undertaking interventions, assessing short-term outcomes, performing ergonomic evaluations, and analyzing data were not masked to group assignment. RESULTS: Patient demographics of the 2 groups were comparable. The ergonomic evaluation considered eye blink rate and the NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX), better results were observed in UVATS than in MVATS. The operative time, number of lymph nodes harvested, chest tube duration, length of hospital stay, and lung function were not significantly different between the groups. Compared with MVATS lobectomy, UVATS lobectomy was associated with less intraoperative blood loss and less volume of total drainage in the 24 hours. No conversion, no reoperation, and no in-hospital mortality occurred in either group. CONCLUSIONS: UVATS lobectomy is a safe and programmable technique with some better perioperative outcomes and ergonomic results than MVATS. Further studies based on large numbers of patients and with long-term follow-up are required to confirm its benefits towards patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov ID:NCT02462356. Registered May 27, 2015.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia/instrumentação , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/instrumentação , Adulto , Idoso , Ergonomia , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(33): 2596-2600, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892605

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of thoracoscopy-guided thoracic paravertebral block for analgesia after single-port video-assisted pulmonary lobectomy. Methods: From December 2019 to April 2020, 60 patients receiving single-port video-assisted pulmonary lobectomy at Ningbo Medical Center Lihuili Hospital were selected. The patients were randomly and equally divided into control group and paravertebral block group using a random number table. Patients of paravertebral block group were injected into the thoracic 4-5 intercostal, paravertebral 1 cm using 0.375% ropivacaine (20 ml) with thoracoscopy-guided at the end of surgery, while patients of control group were given patient controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA). Postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) and Ramsay sedation scale were recorded at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 h after the surgery. The incidence of postoperative adverse reactions, additional dose and times of pethidine, the time to resume eating, the rate of postoperative active cough, the first time to get out of bed after surgery and postoperative hospital stay of two groups' patients were recorded. t test and chisquare test were used for statistical analysis. Results: The VAS score of paravertebral block group were lower than those of control group at all time points (all P<0.05). The Ramsay sedation scale of paravertebral block group were higher than those of control group at all time points (all P<0.05). The additional dose and times of pethidine of paravertebral block group were (8.2±2.3) mg and (0.2±0.1) time, which were lower than (87.8±15.3) mg and (1.8±0.3) time of control group, the differences were statistically significant (t=28.91, 34.37, all P<0.05). Incidence of nausea, vomiting and pruritus of paravertebral block group were 10.0%, 6.7% and 0, which were lower than 40.0%, 30.0% and 13.3% of control group, the differences were statistically significant (χ(2)=7.20, 5.45, 4.29, all P<0.05). The rate of postoperative active cough of paravertebral block group was 33.3%, which was higher than 10.0% of control group, the difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=4.81, P<0.05). The time to resume eating, the first time to get out of bed after surgery and postoperative hospital stay were (6.5±0.4) h, (20.9±3.1) h and (4.6±1.0) d, which were lower than (8.5±0.7) h, (28.6±4.8) h and (6.1±1.3) d of control group, the differences were statistically significant (t=13.47, 7.39, 4.19, all P<0.05). Conclusion: Thoracic paravertebral block under thoracoscopy-guided can effectively reduce the postoperative pain of single-port thoracoscopic lobectomy, with fewer adverse reactions, and is beneficial to postoperative recovery.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Nervoso , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente , Humanos , Manejo da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Toracoscopia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e22030, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871959

RESUMO

This study was designed to explore the safety, feasibility, and clinical efficacy of preoperative computed tomography (CT)-guided coil localization of sub-fissural lung nodules (LNs). A total of 105 LN patients underwent CT-guided coil localization followed by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)-guided wedge resection at our hospital from January 2016 to December 2019. Of these patients, 4 had sub-fissural LNs and were therefore subjected to trans-fissural coil localization procedures. We analyzed data pertaining to the coil localization and VATS procedures in these patients. A total of 4 coils were used to localize 4 LNs in 4 separate patients. One of these patients suffered from parenchymal hemorrhage around the needle path, while one other patient exhibited asymptomatic pneumothorax following coil localization. A thoracoscope was able to successfully visualize the coil tails in all of these patients. There were no instances of coils having been dislodged, and wedge resection was conducted with a 100% technical success rate in these patients. These 4 LNs were subsequently diagnosed as adenocarcinomas in situ (n = 3) and benign nodules (n = 1). CT-guided coil localization can be used to safely and easily localize sub-fissural LNs in patients scheduled to undergo VATS.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias/cirurgia , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Humanos , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
9.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(9): 716-719, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879280

RESUMO

Hourglass transmural lipomas are rare. A 79-year-old male was referred to our hospital due to an abnormal shadow incidentally found on a chest X-ray 6 years ago. Chest computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-defined fatty mass like an hourglass, penetrating the right 4th intercostal muscle. The tumor tended to grow slightly and we considered the possibility of well-differentiated liposarcoma. We performed a complete resection of the tumor with partial resection of the 5th rib with the assist of thoracoscopy. The chest wall was reconstructed using an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) sheet. The tumor was 55×52×47 mm in size and histologically diagnosed as an intermuscular lipoma. Thoracoscopy was useful to determine the excision line.


Assuntos
Lipoma , Lipossarcoma , Parede Torácica , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
10.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238602, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881941

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Albeit uncommon, hydrothorax is an important complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Due to paucity of evidence for optimal treatment, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of computed tomographic (CT) peritoneography and surgical intervention involving video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for hydrothorax in a retrospective cohort of patients who underwent PD in Japan. METHODS: Of the 982 patients who underwent PD from six centers in Japan between 2007 and 2019, 25 (2.5%) with diagnosed hydrothorax were enrolled in this study. PD withdrawal rates were compared between patients who underwent VATS for diaphragm repair (surgical group) and those who did not (non-surgical group) using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. RESULTS: The surgical and non-surgical groups comprised a total of 11 (44%) and 14 (56%) patients, respectively. Following hydrothorax diagnosis by thoracentesis and detection of penetrated sites on the diaphragm using CT peritoneography, VATS was performed at a median time of 31 days (interquartile range [IQR], 20-96 days). During follow-up (median, 26 months; IQR, 10-51 months), 9 (64.3%) and 2 (18.2%) patients in the non-surgical and surgical groups, respectively, withdrew from PD (P = 0.021). There were no surgery-related complications or hydrothorax relapse in the surgical group. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the effectiveness and safety of CT peritoneography and VATS for hydrothorax. This approach may be useful in hydrothorax cases to avoid early drop out of PD and continue PD in the long term. Further studies are warranted to confirm these results.


Assuntos
Hidrotórax/cirurgia , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Diálise Peritoneal/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrotórax/etiologia , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(5): 718-722, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897207

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo evaluate the value and clinical effect of different preoperative localization techniques for solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN) before single-port thoracoscopic surgery.MethodFrom January 2018 to June 2019, 54 patients diagnosed with solitary pulmonary nodules received single-port thoracoscopic surgery in Thoracic Department of General Hospital of Southern Theater Command of PLA. Based on the location methods of the nodules, the patients were divided into group A (34 cases) with preoperative CT-guided Hook-wire (a common positioning needle usually using in mammary gland) positioning and group B (20 cases) with preoperative CT-guided methylene blue location.ResultsThe success rate of localization in group A was 94.18% (32/34), significantly higher than that in group B [85% (17/20), P < 0.05). No intraoperative conversion to thoracotomy occurred in group A, while the conversion rate was 10% (2/20) in group B (P < 0.05). The average positioning cost was significantly higher in group A than in group B (1715±109 vs 1021±86 RMB yuan, P < 0.05), but the total hospitalization cost was similar between the two groups (50 114±3788 vs 47871±5902 RMB yuan, P>0.05). The length of hospital stay was significantly shorter in group A than in group B (6.71±1.23 vs 8.19±2.61 days, P < 0.05).ConclusionCompared with the traditional methylene blue localization method, Hook-wire localization positioning can significantly increase the success rate of localization, and can be used as the standard preoperative localization method in patients undergoing single-port thoracoscopic pulmonary nodule resection, especially in those with deep nodule location from the visceral pleura.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário , Humanos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21691, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899001

RESUMO

This retrospective study explored the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine in treating early postoperative cognitive dysfunction (EPPNCD) after video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (VATL) in elderly male patients with lung cancer (LC).This study included a total of 80 elderly male patients with LC who received VATL. All of them were equally assigned to a treatment group and a control group, with 40 patients each group. The primary outcome included cognitive dysfunction, as evaluated by mini-mental state examination scale. The secondary outcomes consisted of incidence of EPPNCD, lung function (as measured by forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, peak expiratory flow, and maximal voluntary ventilation), and adverse events. All outcome data were analyzed before and 3 days after surgery.After surgery, all patients in the treatment group exerted better efficacy in mini-mental state examination scale (P < .01) and incidence of EPPNCD (P = .03), than patients in the control group. However, no significant differences were detected in forced vital capacity (P = .65), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (P = .50), peak expiratory flow (P = .73), and maximal voluntary ventilation (P = .27) between 2 groups. In addition, there is similar safety profile between 2 groups.The findings of this study showed that dexmedetomidine may benefit EPPNCD after VATL in elderly male patients with LC. Future studies are needed to warrant the present conclusions.


Assuntos
Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/administração & dosagem , Dexmedetomidina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/efeitos adversos , Estudos Controlados Antes e Depois , Dexmedetomidina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(8): 495-499, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Covid-19 pandemic has caused changes in the surgical treatment of non-Covid patients, especially in thoracic surgery because most procedures are aerosol generating. Hospital Kuala Lumpur, where thoracic procedures are performed, was badly affected. We describe our experience in performing aerosol generating procedures safely in thoracic surgery during the Covid-19 era. METHODS: Medical records of patients who underwent thoracic surgery from March 18, 2020 to May 17, 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients undergoing thoracic surgery were tested for Covid-19 using the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction method. Patients with malignancy were observed for 10 to 14 days in the ward after testing negative. The healthcare workers donned personal protective equipment for all the cases, and the number of healthcare workers in the operating room was limited to the minimum required. RESULTS: A total of 44 procedures were performed in 26 thoracic surgeries. All of these procedures were classified as aerosol generating, and the mean duration of the surgery was 130 ± 43 minutes. None of the healthcare workers involved in the surgery were exposed or infected by Covid-19. CONCLUSION: Covid-19 will be a threat for a long time and thoracic surgeons must continue to provide their services, despite having to deal with aerosol generating procedures, in the new normal. Covid-19 testing of all surgical candidates, using the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, donning full personal protective equipment for healthcare workers, and carefully planned procedures are among the measures suggested to prevent unnecessary Covid-19 exposure in thoracic surgery.


Assuntos
Aerossóis , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Malásia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Salas Cirúrgicas , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida
15.
Can J Surg ; 63(4): E349-E358, 2020 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735430

RESUMO

Background: Video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy has been demonstrated to offer several benefits over open surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of an ultra-fast-track 23-hour recovery pathway for VATS lobectomy. Methods: A prospectively maintained institutional database was queried for patients who underwent VATS lobectomy from 2006 to 2016 at the McGill University Health Centre in Montreal, Quebec, and data were supplemented with focused chart review. Patients discharged with a length of stay (LOS) of 23 hours or less were compared with those with an LOS of 2 days or more. Logistic regression was performed to identify predictors of LOS of 23 hours or less. Results: Two hundred and five patients were included in the study. Perioperative 30-day mortality for our cohort was 0% and the major complication rate was 8.3%. The median LOS was 3 days (interquartile range [IQR] 2-4 d). Thirty-four patients were discharged within 23 hours and none of them required readmission; 171 patients were discharged on postoperative day 2 or later and 9 of them (5.3%) required readmission (p = 0.36). The proportion of patients discharged within 23 hours increased in 2016 compared with previous years (25.8% v. 12.0%, p = 0.05). Patients discharged within 23 hours had shorter chest tube duration (odds ratio [OR] 0.20, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.09-0.46, p < 0.001), lower clinical stage disease (stages II-III v. stage I OR 0.07, 95% CI 0.01-0.52, p = 0.011), lower pathologic stage lesions (stages II-III v. stage I OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.07-0.91, p = 0.035), fewer surgical complications (OR 0.04, 95% CI 0.01-0.30, p = 0.002) and shorter operative time (surgery duration > 120 min OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.18-0.95, p = 0.04). Our exploratory prediction modelling showed that chest tube duration, clinical stage and surgeon were the most influential predictors of discharge within 23 hours. Conclusion: The only preoperative factors that predicted shorter LOS in our cohort were clinical stage and surgeon. A significant proportion of patients can be discharged safely by adopting a VATS lobectomy 23-hour enhanced recovery pathway.


Assuntos
Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21737, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846795

RESUMO

RATIONALE: One-lung ventilation (OLV) is essential for adequate visualization and exposure of the surgical site via a videoscopic approach. Although many instruments facilitating OLV are available, the choice is limited in pediatric patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 4-year-old female (weight: 18.6 kg, height: 100 cm) was admitted via our pediatric outpatient clinic because of recurrent hemoptysis, 2 weeks in duration. She had no medical or surgical history. DIAGNOSIS: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a 4.5-cm-diameter mass in the left, lower lung lobe. She was diagnosed with a congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM). INTERVENTIONS: She was scheduled for emergency lobectomy via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). To ensure successful VATS, OLV was essential. As our hospital lacked a small-diameter fiberoptic bronchoscope and a proper bronchial blocker, we decided to use single-lumen tube (SLT) with adult fiberoptic bronchoscope. OUTCOMES: We performed successful bronchoscopic-guided OLV using a SLT. We aligned the tube to the right upper lobar bronchus and Murphy eye to prevent obstruction of the right upper lobe bronchus. At the end of surgery, the endotracheal tube lumen had been narrowed by blood clots, we decided to exchange the tracheal tube. The tube was immediately exchanged. After re-intubation, the pulse oximetry (SpO2) then gradually increased. LESSONS: Appropriate preparation and careful management should be considered to perform OLV in pediatric patients without significant complications.


Assuntos
Broncoscopia/métodos , Malformação Adenomatoide Cística Congênita do Pulmão/cirurgia , Ventilação Monopulmonar/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Broncoscopia/instrumentação , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos
18.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 416-420, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32854515

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation is a common clinical arrhythmia with high morbidity and a risk of stroke. The Cox-maze IV procedure that uses radiofrequency energy for ablation is established as an effective way to eliminate atrial fibrillation. Compared to the Cox-maze IV procedure, the video-assisted Wolf mini-maze procedure is associated with reduced surgical trauma, but still requires bilateral thoracotomies, and the ablation line connecting the right and left pulmonary vein isolations cannot be created with a bipolar ablation clamp. We have developed a novel video-assisted mini-maze technique that uses a unilateral (left chest) thoracoscopic approach (the Mei mini-maze procedure).


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 58(3): 598-604, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32856063

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is currently a lack of clinical data on the novel beta-coronavirus infection [caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)] and concomitant primary lung cancer. Our goal was to report our experiences with 5 patients treated for lung cancer while infected with SARS-CoV-2. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 5 adult patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 who were admitted to our thoracic surgery unit between 29 January 2020 and 4 March 2020 for surgical treatment of a primary lung cancer. Clinical data and outcomes are reported. RESULTS: All patients were men with a mean age of 74.0 years (range 67-80). Four of the 5 patients (80%) reported chronic comorbidities. Surgery comprised minimally invasive lobectomy (2 patients) and segmentectomy (1 patient), lobectomy with en bloc chest wall resection (1 patient) and pneumonectomy (1 patient). Mean chest drain duration was 12.4 days (range 8-22); mean hospital stay was 33.8 days (range 21-60). SARS-CoV-2-related symptoms were fever (3 patients), persistent cough (3 patients), diarrhoea (2 patients) and syncope (2 patients); 1 patient reported no symptoms. Morbidity related to surgery was 60%; 30-day mortality was 40%. Two patients (1 with a right pneumonectomy, 74 years old; 1 with a lobectomy with chest wall resection and reconstruction, 70 years old), developed SARS-CoV-2-related lung failure leading to death 60 and 32 days after surgery, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Lung cancer surgery may represent a high-risk factor for developing a severe case of coronavirus disease 2019, particularly in patients with advanced stages of lung cancer. Additional strategies are needed to reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality from SARS-CoV-2 infection during treatment for lung cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/complicações , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Itália , Tempo de Internação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Amostragem , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/complicações , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/mortalidade , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Br J Anaesth ; 125(5): 802-810, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32660716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive thoracic surgery causes significant postoperative pain. Erector spinae plane (ESP) block and serratus anterior plane (SAP) block promise effective thoracic analgesia compared with systemically administered opioids, but have never been compared in terms of terms of quality of recovery and overall morbidity after minimally invasive thoracic surgery. METHODS: Sixty adult patients undergoing minimally invasive thoracic surgery were randomly assigned to receive either single-shot ESP or SAP block before surgery using levobupivacaine 0.25%, 30 ml. The primary outcome was quality of patient recovery at 24 h, using the Quality of Recovery-15 (QoR-15) scale. Secondary outcomes included area under the curve (AUC) of pain verbal rating scale (VRS) over time, time to first opioid analgesia, postoperative 24 h opioid consumption, in-hospital comprehensive complication index (CCI) score and hospital stay. RESULTS: The QoR-15 score was higher among ESP patients compared with those in the SAP group, mean (standard deviation): 114 (16) vs 102 (22) (P=0.02). Time (min) to first i.v. opioid analgesia in recovery was 32.6 (20.6) in ESP vs 12.7 (9.5) in SAP (P=0.003). AUC at rest was 92 (31) mm h-1vs 112 (35) in ESP and SAP (P=0.03), respectively, whereas AUC on deep inspiration was 107 mm h-1 (32) vs 129 (32) in ESP and SAP (P=0.01), respectively. VRS pain on movement in ESP and SAP at 24 h was, median (25-75% range): 4 (2-4) vs 5 (3-6) (P=0.04), respectively. Opioid consumption at 24 h postoperatively was 29 (31) vs 39 (34) (P=0.37). Median (25-75%) CCI in ESP and SAP was 1 (0-2) vs 4 (0-26) (P=0.03), whereas hospital stay was 3 (2-6) vs 6 (3-9) days (P=0.17), respectively. CONCLUSION: Compared with SAP, ESP provides superior quality of recovery at 24 h, lower morbidity, and better analgesia after minimally invasive thoracic surgery. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03862612.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Período de Recuperação da Anestesia , Anestésicos Locais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Levobupivacaína , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos
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