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1.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 544: 111541, 2022 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34973370

RESUMO

Glucocorticoid (GC)-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) accounts for a big portion of non-traumatic ONFH; nevertheless, the pathogenesis has not yet been fully understood. GC-induced endothelial dysfunction might be a major contributor to ONFH progression. The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset was analyzed to identify deregulated miRNAs in ONFH; among deregulated miRNAs, the physiological functions of miR-122-5p on ONFH and endothelial dysfunction remain unclear. In the present study, miR-122-5p showed to be under-expressed within GC-induced ONFH femoral head tissues and GC-stimulated bone microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs). In human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and BMECs, GC stimulation significantly repressed cell viability, promoted cell apoptosis and increased the mRNA expression of proinflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IFN-γ. After overexpressing miR-122-5p, GC-induced endothelial injuries were attenuated, as manifested by rescued cell viability, cell migration, and tube formation capacity. Regarding the BMP signaling, GC decreased the protein levels of BMP-2/6/7 and SMAD-1/5/8, whereas miR-122-5p overexpression significantly attenuated the inhibitory effects of GC on these proteins. Online tool and experimental analyses revealed the direct binding between miR-122-5p and GREM2, a specific antagonist of BMP-2. In contrast to miR-122-5p overexpression, GREM2 overexpression aggravated GC-induced endothelial injury; GREM2 silencing partially eliminated the effects of miR-122-5p inhibition on GC-stimulated HUVECs and BMECs. Finally, GREM2 silencing reversed the suppressive effects of GC on BMP-2/6/7 and SMAD-1/5/8, and attenuated the effects of miR-122-5p inhibition on these proteins upon GC stimulation. Conclusively, the present study demonstrates a miR-122-5p/GREM2 axis modulating the GC-induced endothelial damage via the BMP/SMAD signaling. Considering the critical role of endothelial function in ONFH pathogenesis, the in vivo role and clinical application of the miR-122-5p/GREM2 axis is worthy of further investigation.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides , MicroRNAs , Apoptose , Citocinas/metabolismo , Cabeça do Fêmur/metabolismo , Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
2.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 24(7): 1354-1364, julio 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-203834

RESUMO

BackgroundGastric cancer (GC) is a malignancy that belongs to one of the most common leading causes of cancer death. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) promote the GC cells’ malignant behavior. It is still unknown how GC converts normal fibroblasts (NFs) to CAFs.MethodsGC cells were co-cultured with NFs. Bioinformatics was used to analyze the genes and signaling pathways that were changed in fibroblast. RT-PCR, western blot, and Elisa assays were used to detect the expression of cytokines in fibroblast and condition medium. Western blot and immunofluorescence demonstrated activation of relevant pathways in CAFs-like cells. Transwell, scrape, colony formation, and CCK-8 assays were performed to reveal the feedback effect of CAFs-like cells on GC cells.ResultsGC promoted the conversion of NFs to CAFs by secreting Interleukin 17A (IL-17). It included both morphological and molecular marker changes. This process was achieved by activating the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway. On the other hand, CAFs cells could secrete C-X-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 8 (IL-8, IL-8), which promoted the malignant phenotype of GC cells. In this way, a feedback loop of mutual influence was constructed in the GC and tumor microenvironment (TME).ConclusionsOur research proved a novel model of GC-educated NFs. GC-IL-17-fibroblast-IL-8-GC axis might be a potential pathway of the interaction between GC and TME.


Assuntos
Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Citocinas/metabolismo , Interleucina-17 , Interleucina-8 , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Retroalimentação , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
3.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 24(7): 1365-1371, julio 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-203835

RESUMO

PurposeTo investigate whether γδ1 T cells derived from lung cancer tissues have immunosuppressive function and to verify the mechanism of immunosuppressive effect.MethodsFresh lung cancer tissue samples were collected, some of them were prepared tissue sections, the others were isolated and amplified into TILs cells, γδ1 T cells were isolated from TILs cells by immunomagnetic beads kits, and then cloned and amplified. The immunomodulatory effects of γδ1 T cells on naive and effector CD4+ T cells were detected by immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, CCK8, ELISA and transwell culture.ResultsA high proportion of γδ1 T cells was found in lung cancer tissues. The cultural supernatants of γδ1 T cells could inhibit the proliferation of naive CD4+ T cells and decrease the secretion level of IL-2 by effector CD4+ T cells. Further studies showed that the expression levels of IL-8, MIP-1α, MIP-1β and RANTES were higher than that of IFN-γ, GM-CSF and TNF-α, TNF-β, however, their neutralizing antibodies could not block the immunosuppressive activity of the supernatant.Conclusionγδ1 T cells play an negative immunoregulation function in lung cancer microenvironments, and have obvious immunosuppressive effects on proliferation and cytokine release of naive CD4+ T cells and effector CD4+ T cells. Preliminary evidence from this study suggests that the mechanism of immunosuppressive effects is mediated by the soluble factors in γδ1 T cell culture supernatants, but its exact molecular mechanism needs to be further explored.


Assuntos
Humanos , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Pulmão , Microambiente Tumoral , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
4.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 24(1): 143, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35706043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognostic biomarkers of treatment response to distinct biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (b-DMARDs) are still lacking within the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Thirty-four b-DMARDs naive RA patients, divided by disease duration into early (cohort 1) and long standing (cohort 2), received CTLA4-Ig. At study entry, and every 3 months for 1 year, each patient underwent peripheral blood (PB)-derived CD4pos cell subpopulation assessment by flow cytometry, STAT3 and STAT5 expression by RT-PCR and IL-6, IL-12p70, TGFß, and IL-10 serum levels by ELISA. The DAS and CDAI remission was assessed at 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: DAS- and CDAI-defined remission within 12 months was achieved by 16 (47.1%) and 8 (23.5%) RA patients, respectively. Considering the whole RA cohort, CTLA4-Ig induced a significant decrease of IL-6 serum levels from baseline to 6 and 12 months, as well as of PB CD4posCD25posFoxP3pos cells at 6 and 12 months, and of CD4posIL17pos cells after 12 months. PB CD4pos cells of RA patients showed higher STAT3 and STAT5 expression than healthy controls, which remained unchanged within 12 months of treatment. At study entry, RA patients achieving DAS remission had significantly lower IL-6 serum levels than RA patients not achieving this outcome. In particular, having baseline IL-6 serum levels ≤ 8.4 pg/ml, significantly identified naïve to b-DMARDs RA patients more likely to achieve DAS-remission under CTLA4-Ig at 6 months (66.7%) compared to RA patients with baseline IL-6 serum levels > 8.4 pg/ml [15.4%, OR (95%Cis) 11.00 (1.75-55.82)]. Moreover, having CD4posCD25posFoxP3pos cells rate ≥ 6.0% significantly identifies naïve to b-DMARDs early RA patients more likely to achieve DAS remission at 6 months (83.3%) compared to RA patients with baseline CD4posCD25posFoxP3pos cells < 6.0% [16.7%, OR (95% Cis) 25.00 (1.00-336.81)]. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline IL-6 serum levels and peripheral blood-derived CD4pos subpopulations are putative novel prognostic biomarkers of CTLA4-Ig response in RA patients.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Abatacepte/metabolismo , Abatacepte/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/metabolismo , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Antígeno CTLA-4 , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo
5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 6564706, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35707392

RESUMO

The effect of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) on eosinophil activation, atopic sensitization, and systemic inflammation in allergic diseases has rarely been investigated. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between NGAL, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), cytokines, and allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) in allergic diseases. A total of 136 patients with allergies and 58 healthy individuals were evaluated. The concentrations of NGAL, ECP, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-5 (IL-5), sIgE, total IgE (tIgE), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were measured. The transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) level was measured as a profibrotic marker of bronchial asthma. Allergic patients had significantly higher NGAL, ECP, and hsCRP levels than healthy individuals. However, there was no significant difference in NGAL levels between patients with positive and negative ECP tests and those with high and low sIgE scores. Asthmatic patients with elevated NGAL exhibited a significantly higher TGF-ß1 level than those without elevated NGAL. However, no significant difference was observed in the ECP, IL-5, and sIgE levels between the two groups. Among the patients with a positive ECP test, subjects with elevated hsCRP had two times higher NGAL levels than those without elevated hsCRP. NGAL was positively correlated with TNF-α, TGF-ß1, and hsCRP, but not with ECP, IL-5, tIgE, and sIgE. An elevated NGAL level led to a 1.3-fold increase in the prevalence of high TGF-ß1 (odds ratio: 1.31; 95% CI: 1.04-2.58; P < 0.001). In conclusion, NGAL elevation may be more closely linked to allergic inflammation and a possible fibrotic change in the airways than to the severity of eosinophil activation and atopic sensitization.


Assuntos
Asma , Hipersensibilidade Imediata , Hipersensibilidade , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Proteína Catiônica de Eosinófilo/metabolismo , Eosinófilos/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Inflamação , Interleucina-5/metabolismo , Lipocalina-2 , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 900791, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35707463

RESUMO

Periostin is a matricellular protein that is ubiquitously expressed in normal human tissues and is involved in pathologic mechanism of chronic inflammatory and fibrotic disease. In this study we investigate periostin in the pathogenesis of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) using human orbital adipose tissue obtained from surgery and primary cultured orbital fibroblasts in vitro. POSTN (gene encoding periostin) expression in Graves' orbital tissues and healthy control tissues was studied, and the role of periostin in GO pathologic mechanism was examined through small-interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated silencing. POSTN gene expression was significantly higher in Graves' orbital tissues than healthy control tissues in real-time PCR results, and immunohistochemical staining revealed higher expression of periostin in Graves' orbital tissues than normal tissues. Silencing periostin using siRNA transfection significantly attenuated TGF-ß-induced profibrotic protein production and phosphorylated p38 and SMAD protein production. Knockdown of periostin inhibited interleukin-1 ß -induced proinflammatory cytokines production as well as phosphorylation of NF-κB and Ak signaling protein. Adipocyte differentiation was also suppressed in periostin-targeting siRNA transfected GO cells. We hypothesize that periostin contributes to the pathogenic process of inflammation, fibrosis and adipogenesis of GO. Our study provides in vitro evidence that periostin may be a novel potential therapeutic target for the treatment of GO.


Assuntos
Oftalmopatia de Graves , Adipogenia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose , Oftalmopatia de Graves/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética
7.
Front Immunol ; 13: 867351, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35707544

RESUMO

Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) were identified in 2010 as a novel lymphocyte subset lacking antigen receptors, such as T-cell or B-cell receptors. ILC2s induce local immune responses characterized by producing type 2 cytokines and play essential roles for maintaining tissue homeostasis. ILC2s are distributed across various organs, including the intestine where immune cells are continuously exposed to external antigens. Followed by luminal antigen stimulation, intestinal epithelial cells produce alarmins, such as IL-25, IL-33, and thymic stromal lymphopoietin, and activate ILC2s to expand and produce cytokines. In the context of parasite infection, the tuft cell lining in the epithelium has been revealed as a dominant source of intestinal IL-25 and possesses the capability to regulate ILC2 homeostasis. Neuronal systems also regulate ILC2s through neuropeptides and neurotransmitters, and interact with ILC2s bidirectionally, a process termed "neuro-immune crosstalk". Activated ILC2s produce type 2 cytokines, which contribute to epithelial barrier function, clearance of luminal antigens and tissue repair, while ILC2s are also involved in chronic inflammation and tissue fibrosis. Recent studies have shed light on the contribution of ILC2s to inflammatory bowel diseases, mainly comprising ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, as defined by chronic immune activation and inflammation. Modern single-cell analysis techniques provide a tissue-specific picture of ILC2s and their roles in regulating homeostasis in each organ. Particularly, single-cell analysis helps our understanding of the uniqueness and commonness of ILC2s across tissues and opens the novel research area of ILC2 heterogeneity. ILC2s are classified into different phenotypes depending on tissue and phase of inflammation, mainly inflammatory and natural ILC2 cells. ILC2s can also switch phenotype to ILC1- or ILC3-like subsets. Hence, recent studies have revealed the heterogeneity and plasticity of ILC2, which indicate dynamicity of inflammation and the immune system. In this review, we describe the regulatory mechanisms, function, and pathological roles of ILC2s in the intestine.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata , Linfócitos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Homeostase , Humanos , Inflamação , Intestinos/patologia
8.
J Biomed Sci ; 29(1): 36, 2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35681232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease (DED) is a common disease in ophthalmology, affecting millions of people worldwide. Recent studies have shown that inflammation is the core mechanism of DED. IL-20 is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in various inflammatory diseases. Therefore, we aimed to explore the role of this cytokine in the pathogenesis of DED and evaluate the therapeutic potential of the anti-IL-20 monoclonal antibody (mAb) 7E for DED treatment. METHODS: Clinical tear samples from patients with DED and non-DED controls were collected and their IL-20 protein levels were determined. We established three DED animal models to explore the role of IL-20 and the efficacy of IL-20 antibody in DED. Benzalkonium chloride (BAC)-induced over-evaporative DED, extra-orbital lacrimal gland excision (LGE)-induced aqueous tear-deficient DED, and desiccating stress (DS)-induced combined over-evaporative and aqueous tear-deficient DED animal models were established to investigate the role of IL-20. The anti-IL-20 antibody 7E was established to neutralize IL-20 activity. The effects of IL-20 or 7E on human corneal epithelial cells and macrophages under hyperosmotic stress were analyzed. 7E was topically applied to eyes to evaluate the therapeutic effects in the DED animal models. RESULTS: IL-20 was significantly upregulated in the tears of patients with DED and in the tears and corneas of DED animal models. Under hyperosmotic stress, IL-20 expression was induced via NFAT5 activation in corneal epithelial cells. 7E suppressed hyperosmotic stress-induced activation of macrophages. IL-20 induced cell death in corneal epithelial cells and 7E protected cells from hyperosmotic stress-induced cell death. Blocking IL-20 signaling with 7E protected mice from BAC-induced, LGE-induced, and DS-induced DED by reducing DED symptoms and inhibiting inflammatory responses, macrophage infiltration, apoptosis, and Th17 populations in the conjunctiva and draining lymph nodes. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated the functions of IL-20 in DED and presented a potential therapeutic option for this condition.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco , Interleucinas , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Síndromes do Olho Seco/induzido quimicamente , Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Síndromes do Olho Seco/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Lágrimas/metabolismo
9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 9640, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35688918

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to disorders involving chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Well-established treatments for IBD have not yet to be suggested. To address this gap, we investigated the effects of co-administration of Lactobacillus gasseri (L. gasseri) KBL697 and infliximab (IFX), the first approved tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha inhibitor, on the dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis mouse model. 2 × 109 colony-forming units/g of L. gasseri KBL697 were administered to seven-week-old female C57BL/6J mice daily by oral gavage. On day three, IFX (5 mg/kg) suspended in 1 × PBS (200 µL) was intravenously injected in the IFX-treated group and all mice were sacrificed on day nine. Co-administration of L. gasseri KBL697 and IFX improved colitis symptoms in mice, including body weight, disease activity index, colon length, and histology score. Additionally, pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interferon-gamma, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-6, IL-17A, and TNF were significantly decreased, while IL-10, an anti-inflammatory cytokine, was increased. Expression levels of tight junction genes and CD4 + CD25 + Foxp3 + T regulatory cells in the mesenteric lymph nodes were synergistically upregulated with the combined treatment. Furthermore, co-administered mice displayed altered cecum microbial diversity and composition with increases in the genus Prevotella. Related changes in the predicted amino and nucleic acid metabolic pathways were also evident, along with increased acetate and butyrate level. Therefore, the synergistic effect of L. gasseri KBL697 and IFX co-administration is a possible method of prevention and treatment for IBD.


Assuntos
Colite , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Lactobacillus gasseri , Animais , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Colite/metabolismo , Colo/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/patologia , Infliximab , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 2743046, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35692597

RESUMO

Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes a novel infectious respiratory disease called COVID-19, which is threatening public health worldwide. SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins connect to the angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor through the receptor binding domain and are then activated by the transmembrane protease serine subtype 2 (TMPRSS2). The ACE2 receptor is highly expressed in human nasal epithelial cells. Nasal ciliated cells are primary targets for SARS-CoV-2 replication. However, the effect of SARS-CoV-2 on the upper respiratory tract remains unknown, thus leading to the purpose of our study. We investigate the effects of SARS-CoV-2 on cytokines and mucin expression in human nasal epithelial cells. Methods: We investigated the effects of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor binding domain (RBD) on cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-8) and MUC5AC/5B expression via real-time PCR, ELISA, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining, and immunofluorescence staining in cultured human nasal epithelial cells. Results: The mRNA expression and protein production of cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-8) and MUC5AC/5B were increased by SARS-CoV-2 spike protein RBD. ACE2 receptor inhibitor suppressed the expression of cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-8) and MUC5AC/5B induced by SARS-CoV-2 spike protein RBD. Conclusions: SARS-CoV-2 induced cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-8) and MUC5AC/5B expression through the ACE 2 receptor in human nasal epithelial cells. Therefore, ACE2 receptor inhibitors can be an effective therapeutic option for SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Mucina-5AC/genética , Mucina-5AC/metabolismo , Mucina-5B/metabolismo , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus
11.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 886901, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35694536

RESUMO

Apoptosis of cells at the site of infection is a requirement for shutdown of inflammatory signaling, avoiding tissue damage, and preventing progression of sepsis. Puma+/+ and Puma-/- mice were challenged with TIGR4 strain pneumococcus and cytokines were quantitated from lungs and blood using a magnetic bead panel analysis. Puma-/- mice exhibited higher lung and blood cytokine levels of several major inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, G-CSF, RANTES, IL-12, IFN-ϒ, and IP-10. Puma-/- mice were more susceptible to bacterial dissemination and exhibited more weight loss than their wild-type counterparts. RNA sequencing analysis of whole pulmonary tissue revealed Puma-dependent regulation of Nrxn2, Adam19, and Eln. Enrichment of gene ontology groups differentially expressed in Puma-/- tissues were strongly correlated to IFN-ß and -ϒ signaling. Here, we demonstrate for the first time the role of Puma in prohibition of the cytokine storm during bacterial pneumonia. These findings further suggest a role for targeting immunomodulation of IFN signaling during pulmonary inflammation. Additionally, our findings suggest previously undemonstrated roles for genes encoding regulatory and binding proteins during the early phase of the innate immune response of pneumococcal pneumonia.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Pneumonia Pneumocócica , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Pulmão/microbiologia , Camundongos , Streptococcus pneumoniae/metabolismo
12.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 1714041, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35694583

RESUMO

Purpose: Present study is aimed to explore the role of miR-186-5p in sepsis-induced coagulation disorders and molecular mechanisms. Methods: Thirty-four sepsis patients and 34 respiratory infection/pneumonia patients were selected in the present study. Polymicrobial sepsis model was created by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). The mRNA expression was detected by qRT-PCR. Western blot was utilized to measure protein expression. Thromborel S Reagent was applied to measure the prothrombin time (PT). Platelet count of blood was measured via LH 780. ELISA kits were utilized to evaluate the fibrinogen and PAI-1 concentration. Results: MiR-186-5p expression was lower and nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) mRNA expression was higher in sepsis patients in contrast to control group. Coagulation time was markedly prolonged and platelet count was markedly decreased in CLP mice. In addition, fibrinogen concentration was obviously lower and PAI-1 concentration was obviously higher in CLP mice. MiR-186-5p mimic obviously decreased coagulation time and PAI-1 concentration, while raised platelet count and fibrinogen concentration. Targetscan predicted miR-186-5p might directly regulates NAMPT, and luciferase reporter assay verified this prediction. In addition, miR-186-5p mimic obviously inhibited the mRNA expression of NAMPT. Knockdown of NAMPT improved coagulation dysfunction in sepsis. Overexpression of NAMPT reversed the improvement effect of miR-186-5p on coagulation dysfunction. MiR-186-5p mimic markedly inhibited NF-κB pathway. Conclusion: MiR-186-5p inhibited sepsis-induced coagulation disorders via targeting NAMPT and inactivating NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea , Citocinas/metabolismo , MicroRNAs , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/metabolismo , Sepse , Animais , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/genética , Fibrinogênio/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/genética , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio , RNA Mensageiro , Sepse/genética , Sepse/metabolismo
13.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 41(1): 203, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701840

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading female cancer type and the cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Adipocytes possess important functions of energy supply, metabolic regulation, and cytokine release, and are also the matrix cell that supports mammary gland tissue. In breast cancer tumor microenvironment (TME), adipocytes are the prominent stromal cells and are implicated in inflammation, metastatic formation, metabolic remodeling, and cancer susceptibility. MAIN BODY: It is well-established that adipocyte secretome is a reservoir engaged in the regulation of tumor cell behavior by secreting a large number of cytokines (IL-6, IL-8, and chemokines), adipokines (leptin, adiponectin, autotaxin, and resistin), lipid metabolites (free fatty acids and ß-hydroxybutyrate), and other exosome-encapsulated substances. These released factors influence the evolution and clinical outcome of breast cancer through complex mechanisms. The progression of breast cancer tumors revolves around the tumor-adipose stromal network, which may contribute to breast cancer aggressiveness by increasing the pro-malignant potential of TME and tumor cells themselves. Most importantly, the secretome alterations of adipocytes are regarded as distinctly important targets for breast cancer diagnosis, treatment, and drug resistance. CONCLUSION: Therefore, this review will provide a comprehensive description of the specific adipocyte secretome characteristics and interactions within TME cell populations, which will enable us to better tailor strategies for tumor stratification management and treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Adipócitos/patologia , Adipocinas/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Microambiente Tumoral
14.
Front Immunol ; 13: 895765, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711422

RESUMO

Blau syndrome is a systemic autoinflammatory granulomatous disease caused by mutations in the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2) gene. NOD2 is an intracellular pathogen recognition receptor. Upon binding to muramyl dipeptide (MDP), NOD2 activates the NF-κB pathway, leading to the upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines. Clinical manifestations of Blau syndrome appear in patients before the age of four. Skin manifestations resolve spontaneously in some cases; however, joint and eye manifestations are progressive, and lead to serious complications, such as joint contracture and blindness. Currently, there is no specific curative treatment for the disease. Administration of high-dose oral steroids can improve clinical manifestations; however, treatments is difficult to maintain due to the severity of the side effects, especially in children. While several new therapies have been reported, including JAK inhibitors, anti-IL-6 and anti-IL-1 therapies, anti-TNF therapy plays a central role in the treatment of Blau syndrome. We recently performed an ex vivo study, using peripheral blood and induced pluripotent stem cells from patients. This study demonstrated that abnormal cytokine expression in macrophages from untreated patients requires IFNγ stimulation, and that anti-TNF treatment corrects the abnormalities associated with Blau syndrome, even in the presence of IFNγ. Therefore, although the molecular mechanisms by which the genetic mutations in NOD2 lead to granuloma formation remain unclear, it is possible that prior exposure to TNFα combined with IFNγ stimulation may provide the impetus for the clinical manifestations of Blau syndrome.


Assuntos
Sinovite , Uveíte , Artrite , Criança , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/genética , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/metabolismo , Sarcoidose , Sinovite/tratamento farmacológico , Sinovite/genética , Sinovite/metabolismo , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Uveíte/genética , Uveíte/metabolismo
15.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2022: 2606916, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693109

RESUMO

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) are common joint diseases associated with changes in local, as well as systemic bone structure and osteoclast function. We investigated how the different soluble inflammatory stimuli in these diseases can affect osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption in vitro. Methods. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cell-derived osteoclasts were cultured on bone slices with serum from treatment-naïve RA patients and healthy controls and with synovial fluid samples acquired from RA and OA patients. The concentrations of 29 different cytokines and related proteins, including RANKL and OPG, were analyzed in the fluids tested. Results: RA serum and synovial fluid increased both osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption. Osteoclastogenesis and activity increased more in the cultures containing OA than RA synovial fluid. The osteoclasts cultured in different culture media exhibited different phenotypes, especially the cells cultured with OA synovial fluid were generally larger and had more nuclei. A general increase in proinflammatory cytokines in RA synovial fluid and serum was found. Surprisingly, OA synovial fluid showed lower levels of osteoclastogenesis inhibiting cytokines, such as IL-4 and IL-10, than RA synovial fluid, which at least partly explains more pronounced osteoclastogenesis. No significant difference was found in RANKL or OPG levels. Conclusion: The proinflammatory stimulus in OA and RA drives the monocyte differentiation towards inflammatory osteoclastogenesis and altered osteoclast phenotype.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Reabsorção Óssea , Osteoartrite , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Monócitos/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Líquido Sinovial/metabolismo , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo
16.
Front Immunol ; 13: 873560, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693814

RESUMO

Regulatory T cell (Treg) adoptive cell therapy (ACT) represents an emerging strategy for restoring immune tolerance in autoimmune diseases. Tregs are commonly purified using a CD4+CD25+CD127lo/- gating strategy, which yields a mixed population: 1) cells expressing the transcription factors, FOXP3 and Helios, that canonically define lineage stable thymic Tregs and 2) unstable FOXP3+Helios- Tregs. Our prior work identified the autoimmune disease risk-associated locus and costimulatory molecule, CD226, as being highly expressed not only on effector T cells but also, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) producing peripheral Tregs (pTreg). Thus, we sought to determine whether isolating Tregs with a CD4+CD25+CD226- strategy yields a population with increased purity and suppressive capacity relative to CD4+CD25+CD127lo/- cells. After 14d of culture, expanded CD4+CD25+CD226- cells displayed a decreased proportion of pTregs relative to CD4+CD25+CD127lo/- cells, as measured by FOXP3+Helios- expression and the epigenetic signature at the FOXP3 Treg-specific demethylated region (TSDR). Furthermore, CD226- Tregs exhibited decreased production of the effector cytokines, IFN-γ, TNF, and IL-17A, along with increased expression of the immunoregulatory cytokine, TGF-ß1. Lastly, CD226- Tregs demonstrated increased in vitro suppressive capacity as compared to their CD127lo/- counterparts. These data suggest that the exclusion of CD226-expressing cells during Treg sorting yields a population with increased purity, lineage stability, and suppressive capabilities, which may benefit Treg ACT for the treatment of autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Humanos , Interferon gama , Linfócitos T Reguladores
17.
Front Immunol ; 13: 872652, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693816

RESUMO

Aging plays a critical role in the incidence and severity of infection, with age emerging as an independent predictor of mortality in sepsis. Trained immunity reprograms immunocytes to respond more rapidly and effectively to pathogens and serves as a potential approach to improve immune function in aging and/or sepsis. However, there is very little data on trained immunity in the aging immune system or in the presence of sepsis. We examined the impact of ß-glucan induced innate immune training on monocytes from aging healthy humans (>60 years old) as well as sepsis patients. We observed increased metabolic capacity, upregulated cytokine secretion, increased H3K27 acetylation, and upregulation of crucial intracellular signaling pathways in trained monocytes from healthy aging subjects. The response to trained immunity in healthy aging monocytes was equivalent to the response of monocytes from younger, i.e., 18 - 59 years, individuals. Additionally, we found that trained immunity induced a unique expression pattern of cell surface markers in monocytes that was consistent across age groups. Trained monocytes from sepsis patients also displayed enhanced metabolic capacity and increased cytokine production. These results indicate that immune training can be induced in aging monocytes as well as monocytes from critically ill sepsis patients.


Assuntos
Sepse , beta-Glucanas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos , Transdução de Sinais , beta-Glucanas/farmacologia
18.
Front Immunol ; 13: 905239, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693818

RESUMO

Psoriasis, a common inflammatory skin disease, is critically dependent on the IL-23/IL-17 cytokine axis. Although immune cell-derived IL-23 is generally associated with the disease pathogenesis, there have been reports of IL-23 production in keratinocytes. To determine the presence and potential role of keratinocyte-derived IL-23 in psoriasis, we investigated its expression levels using publicly available single-cell RNA sequencing data from human samples. We discovered that the expression of IL23A was detectable in keratinocytes as well as dendritic cells. Furthermore, we examined the IL-23p19 expression in an imiquimod-induced mouse model of psoriasis and found a close relationship between keratinocyte-produced IL-23 and IL-36, another key cytokine in psoriasis pathogenesis. The blockade of IL-23 signaling resulted in the reduced expression of IL-36 in the keratinocytes. Our findings reveal the novel association between keratinocyte-derived IL-23 and IL-36 in psoriasis progression.


Assuntos
Psoríase , Transcriptoma , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Interleucina-23/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Camundongos
19.
Front Immunol ; 13: 894163, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693823

RESUMO

Epithelial-derived alarmins (IL-33, TSLP, and IL-25) play an upstream role in the pathogenesis of asthma. Basophil-derived cytokines are a pivotal component of allergic inflammation. We evaluated the in vitro effects of IL-33, TSLP, and IL-25, alone and in combination with IL-3 on purified peripheral blood human basophils (hBaso) and bone marrow-derived mouse basophils (mBaso) in modulating the production of IL-4, IL-13, CXCL8 or the mouse CXCL8 equivalents CXCL1 and CXCL2. IL-3 and IL-33, but not TSLP and IL-25, concentration-dependently induced IL-4, IL-13, and CXCL8 release from hBaso. IL-3 synergistically potentiated the release of cytokines induced by IL-33 from hBaso. In mBaso, IL-3 and IL-33 rapidly induced IL-4 and IL-13 mRNA expression and protein release. IL-33, but not IL-3, induced CXCL2 and CXCL1 from mBaso. Differently from hBaso, TSLP induced IL-4, IL-13, CXCL1 and CXCL2 mRNA expression and protein release from mBaso. IL-25 had no effect on IL-4, IL-13, and CXCL1/CXCL2 mRNA expression and protein release even in the presence of IL-3. No synergism was observed between IL-3 and either IL-25 or TSLP. IL-3 inhibited both TSLP- and IL-33-induced CXCL1 and CXCL2 release from mBaso. Our results highlight some similarities and marked differences between the effects of IL-3 and alarmins on the release of cytokines from human and mouse basophils.


Assuntos
Basófilos , Interleucina-33 , Alarminas/metabolismo , Animais , Basófilos/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-13/metabolismo , Interleucina-3/metabolismo , Interleucina-3/farmacologia , Interleucina-33/metabolismo , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Camundongos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
20.
Phytomedicine ; 102: 154200, 2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35671605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myricetin (Myr) is a flavonoid compound that exist widely in many natural plants. Myr has been proven to have multiple biological functions, including immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects. PURPOSE: In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effect of Myr on calcipotriol (MC903) induced atopic dermatitis (AD) mouse model and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α/interferon (IFN)-γ stimulated human immortal keratinocyte line (HaCaT) in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: MC903 was applied topically to the left ears of mice to establish AD mouse model. After the AD model established successfully, the cream base, dexamethasone (DEX) cream or Myr cream were applied on the lesions of mice for 8 days. Through measuring ear thickness and scoring dermatitis severity, we evaluated the therapeutic effect of Myr, the draining lymph nodes (DLNs) and ears of the mice were collected for mechanistic study. In addition, TNF-α and IFN-γ-activated HaCaT cells were used to investigate the underlying mechanism. RESULTS: Our data demonstrated that Myr alleviated the symptoms of AD by exerting anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic functions in vivo. We found that Myr treatment suppressed ear swelling and IgE level in the serum, reduced the infiltration of mast cells in skin lesions, decreased expressions of thymus and activation regulated chemokine (TARC), IL-4, IFN-γ and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) in ear lesions, increased the expressions of filaggrin (FLG). Furthermore, our experimental results demonstrated that Myr down-regulated the mRNA expressions of T-bet and GATA-3 in DLNs. In vitro, Myr treatment decreased MDC and TARC expressions in IFN-γ and TNF-α-induced HaCaT cells by blocking the NF-κB and STAT1 signal pathway. CONCLUSION: The present study is the first to investigate the anti-atopic effects of Myr. Our findings suggested the therapeutic effects of Myr against MC903-induced AD-like skin lesions in mice. Therefore, Myr may be a potential therapeutic agent for AD.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dermatite Atópica/induzido quimicamente , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Queratinócitos , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
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