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1.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237630, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental offices are among the highest risk for transmission of the COVID-19, having the potential to transmit the virus via routine dental procedures. This cross-sectional study assessed the preparedness and perception of infection control measures against the COVID-19 pandemic by dentists in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This online survey addressed the impact and perception of the COVID-19 pandemic on dental practice in Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire comprised 26 closed-ended questions. Descriptive statistics included frequency distributions with percentages. In addition, the significance between the different demographic variables and questions about dentists' perception of the COVID-19 pandemic was tested using the Chi-square test. RESULTS: COVID-19 management in dental clinics varied in terms of adherence to the Ministry of Health (MOH) guidelines. Dental clinics' screening questionnaire for patients showed good adherence (67%), while the lowest agreement was detected with the question on the existence of an airborne infection in the isolation room (15%). Almost two-thirds of the respondents agreed that the dental reception area adopted the proper COVID-19 preventive measures. Greatest accord was observed in their answers on questions about dentists' perception of the COVID-19 pandemic, ranging from 64%-89%. In addition, there were statistically significant differences in questions about the perception of dentists towards the COVID-19 pandemic by different demographic variables such as age and years of work experience (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The response of most dentists regarding the preparedness and perception of infection control measures against the COVID-19 pandemic was positive. Dental clinics need to adhere more to the MOH recommendations in preparedness of their facilities or by educating their dentists and staff.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Assistência Odontológica/organização & administração , Odontólogos/psicologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/organização & administração , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Clínicas Odontológicas , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Controle de Infecções , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Dent Res ; 99(10): 1192-1198, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614681

RESUMO

Dental health care workers are in close contact to their patients and are therefore at higher risk for contracting airborne infectious diseases. The transmission rates of airborne pathogens from patient to dental health care workers are unknown. With the outbreaks of infectious diseases, such as seasonal influenza, occasional outbreaks of measles and tuberculosis, and the current pandemic of the coronavirus disease COVID-19, it is important to estimate the risks for dental health care workers. Therefore, the transmission probability of these airborne infectious diseases was estimated via mathematical modeling. The transmission probability was modeled for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Legionella pneumophila, measles virus, influenza virus, and coronaviruses per a modified version of the Wells-Riley equation. This equation incorporated the indoor air quality by using carbon dioxide as a proxy and added the respiratory protection rate from medical face masks and N95 respirators. Scenario-specific analyses, uncertainty analyses, and sensitivity analyses were run to produce probability rates. A high transmission probability was characterized by high patient infectiousness, the absence of respiratory protection, and poor indoor air quality. The highest transmission probabilities were estimated for measles virus (100%), coronaviruses (99.4%), influenza virus (89.4%), and M. tuberculosis (84.0%). The low-risk scenario leads to transmission probabilities of 4.5% for measles virus and 0% for the other pathogens. From the sensitivity analysis, it shows that the transmission probability is strongly driven by indoor air quality, followed by patient infectiousness, and the least by respiratory protection from medical face mask use. Airborne infection transmission of pathogens such as measles virus and coronaviruses is likely to occur in the dental practice. The risk magnitude, however, is highly dependent on specific conditions in each dental clinic. Improved indoor air quality by ventilation, which reduces carbon dioxide, is the most important factor that will either strongly increase or decrease the probability of the transmission of a pathogen.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Clínicas Odontológicas , Influenza Humana/transmissão , Doença dos Legionários/transmissão , Sarampo/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Tuberculose/transmissão , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Pandemias , Risco
3.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(2): 127-132, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32626873

RESUMO

Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a Public Health Emergency of International Concern since its outbreak, and whether COVID-19 can transmit by aerosol remains controversial. The problem of bio-aerosol transmission in the relatively confined dental clinics has aroused wide attention in the field of dentistry. This review provided a most updated summary on the relation between bio-aerosols and dental clinics, which included the microorganisms in bio-aerosols, the bio-aerosol transmission and the sources testing methods, temporal and spatial distribution of dental bio-aerosols and summarized how to reduce the exposure to bio-aerosols in dental clinics.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Clínicas Odontológicas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Aerossóis , Betacoronavirus , Humanos
4.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(3): 135-141, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644896

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate utilization and trends associated with patients who presented with emergencies at a community dental clinic at Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY. Study design: Data from deidentified dental records of patients aged 0-12 years old who presented as emergencies for oral and dental reasons for 2012, 2013, and 2014 were collected. Variables analyzed included demographic information, oral diagnosis, and current health status. Frequency distributions analysis, chi-square test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) test were performed using Stata 13.0. Results: There were 4,328 dental and oral-related emergencies with a mean age of 6-years-old. Approximately 50% were females, 71% were Hispanic, and 90% had Medicaid managed care. Most emergencies (49%) were caries-related, 41% were considered atraumatic in nature, and approximately 10% were traumatic. About 10% of patients presented with comorbidities and 37% were either first-time patients or patients that presented exclusively for emergencies. Acute tooth pain (45%) caused by dental caries was the most common chief complaint. The trends for emergency presentations showed a significant decrease (p<.001) between years 2012-2014 for caries-related visits and a significant increase (p<.001) between 2012-2013 and 2012-2014 for atraumatic visits. Conclusions: Caries-related dental diagnoses were more common than trauma-related diagnoses. The most common caries-related diagnosis was pulp necrosis for both primary and permanent dentitions while the most common traumarelated diagnosis was subluxation for the primary dentition and enamel-dentin fracture for the permanent dentition.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Emergências , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Clínicas Odontológicas , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e054, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-529034

RESUMO

Currently, the whole world is under the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic, and dentists are at high risk. The aim of this study was to investigate what kind of precautions Turkish dentists take in dental clinics during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study population consisted of dentists in Turkey. An online questionnaire (23 questions-57 items) was sent to a sample of Turkish dentists from March 16 to March 20, 2020. The questionnaire comprised a series of questions about dentists' demographic characteristics, their concerns, and the measures taken in dental clinics against COVID-19. This study included a total of 1,958 Turkish dentists. A total of 1,274 (65.1%) were general dentists, and 684 (34.9%) were specialists. Five hundred twenty-two (26.7%) dentists attended an informational meeting on COVID-19. Of these dentists, 69.8% were aware of COVID-19 according to their self-assessed knowledge scores. More than 90% of the dentists were concerned about themselves and their families. Only 12% of the dentists wore an N95 mask. Although Turkish dentists took some precautionary measures, they did not take enough precautions to protect themselves, the dental staff, and other patients from COVID-19. As the number of COVID-19 cases increased, the measures taken slightly increased in dental clinics as well. Dentists are strongly recommended to take maximum precautions in the clinical setting. The guidelines about the COVID-19 pandemic should be sent to all dentists by the regional and national dental associations.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Odontólogos/normas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Clínicas Odontológicas , Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Especialidades Odontológicas/normas , Especialidades Odontológicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia/epidemiologia
6.
Chin J Dent Res ; 23(2): 105-107, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-603046

RESUMO

Clinical and epidemiological studies suggest that human-to-human transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) most frequently occurs through virus-laden respiratory droplets discharged from infected individuals while coughing and sneezing. Aerosols can act as another potential transmission route. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has advised medical personnel to consider taking 'airborne precautions'. It is important to protect dentists and patients and reduce the amount of spatter produced during dental procedures. In order to prevent airborne transmission, dental offices should be sufficiently ventilated, with great emphasis placed upon removing bioaerosols.


Assuntos
Coronavirus , Clínicas Odontológicas , Ventilação , Aerossóis , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral
7.
Chin J Dent Res ; 23(2): 105-107, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32548601

RESUMO

Clinical and epidemiological studies suggest that human-to-human transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) most frequently occurs through virus-laden respiratory droplets discharged from infected individuals while coughing and sneezing. Aerosols can act as another potential transmission route. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has advised medical personnel to consider taking 'airborne precautions'. It is important to protect dentists and patients and reduce the amount of spatter produced during dental procedures. In order to prevent airborne transmission, dental offices should be sufficiently ventilated, with great emphasis placed upon removing bioaerosols.


Assuntos
Coronavirus , Clínicas Odontológicas , Ventilação , Aerossóis , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral
8.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e054, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490887

RESUMO

Currently, the whole world is under the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic, and dentists are at high risk. The aim of this study was to investigate what kind of precautions Turkish dentists take in dental clinics during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study population consisted of dentists in Turkey. An online questionnaire (23 questions-57 items) was sent to a sample of Turkish dentists from March 16 to March 20, 2020. The questionnaire comprised a series of questions about dentists' demographic characteristics, their concerns, and the measures taken in dental clinics against COVID-19. This study included a total of 1,958 Turkish dentists. A total of 1,274 (65.1%) were general dentists, and 684 (34.9%) were specialists. Five hundred twenty-two (26.7%) dentists attended an informational meeting on COVID-19. Of these dentists, 69.8% were aware of COVID-19 according to their self-assessed knowledge scores. More than 90% of the dentists were concerned about themselves and their families. Only 12% of the dentists wore an N95 mask. Although Turkish dentists took some precautionary measures, they did not take enough precautions to protect themselves, the dental staff, and other patients from COVID-19. As the number of COVID-19 cases increased, the measures taken slightly increased in dental clinics as well. Dentists are strongly recommended to take maximum precautions in the clinical setting. The guidelines about the COVID-19 pandemic should be sent to all dentists by the regional and national dental associations.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Odontólogos/normas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Clínicas Odontológicas , Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Especialidades Odontológicas/normas , Especialidades Odontológicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia/epidemiologia
9.
Spec Care Dentist ; 40(3): 219-226, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-589828

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, incidence rates for dental diseases will continue unabated. However, the intent to prevent the spread of this lethal respiratory disease will likely lead to reduced treatment access due to restrictions on population movements. These changes have the potential to increase dental-related emergency department visits and subsequently contribute to greater viral transmission. Moreover, dentists experience unique challenges with preventing transmission due to frequent aerosol-producing procedures. This paper presents reviews and protocols implemented by directors and residents at the Dental College of Georgia to manage a dental emergency clinic during the COVID-19 pandemic. The methods presented include committee-based prioritization of dental patients, a multilayered screening process, team rotations with social and temporal spacing, and modified treatment room protocols. These efforts aid in the reduction of viral transmission, conservation of personal protective equipment, and expand provider availability. These protocols transcend a university and hospital-based models and are applicable to private and corporate models.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Clínicas Odontológicas , Controle de Infecções , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral
10.
Spec Care Dentist ; 40(3): 219-226, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-343493

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, incidence rates for dental diseases will continue unabated. However, the intent to prevent the spread of this lethal respiratory disease will likely lead to reduced treatment access due to restrictions on population movements. These changes have the potential to increase dental-related emergency department visits and subsequently contribute to greater viral transmission. Moreover, dentists experience unique challenges with preventing transmission due to frequent aerosol-producing procedures. This paper presents reviews and protocols implemented by directors and residents at the Dental College of Georgia to manage a dental emergency clinic during the COVID-19 pandemic. The methods presented include committee-based prioritization of dental patients, a multilayered screening process, team rotations with social and temporal spacing, and modified treatment room protocols. These efforts aid in the reduction of viral transmission, conservation of personal protective equipment, and expand provider availability. These protocols transcend a university and hospital-based models and are applicable to private and corporate models.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Clínicas Odontológicas , Controle de Infecções , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-245597

RESUMO

The aim of this pilot study was to describe the advantages of telemedicine (TM) in dental practice during the current national emergency condition due to the Covid-19 dissemination. At Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology-Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, regional reference center for Covid-19-two groups of patients were determined: patients with urgent conditions (group U) and patients in follow-up (group F). Both groups were instructed to implement remote consultations using a messaging service (WhatsApp Messenger, WhatsApp Inc., Mountain View, California, USA) to send photos. A total of 418 photos were collected by 57 patients. Thirty-four photos were obtained by five patients in the U group after surgical procedures. All patients sent photos on the established evening, except for two patients who sent two photos outside the set days. In the F group, 384 photos were collected by 52 patients. None of them sent more photos than the number that was established by the protocol. Telemedicine allowed a monitoring of all patients, reducing costs and limiting human contact, decreasing the risk of Covid-19 dissemination.


Assuntos
Odontologia Comunitária , Infecções por Coronavirus , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus , Assistência à Saúde , Clínicas Odontológicas , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/organização & administração , Odontologia , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aplicativos Móveis , Projetos Piloto , Odontologia em Saúde Pública , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Adulto Jovem
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414126

RESUMO

The aim of this pilot study was to describe the advantages of telemedicine (TM) in dental practice during the current national emergency condition due to the Covid-19 dissemination. At Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology-Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, regional reference center for Covid-19-two groups of patients were determined: patients with urgent conditions (group U) and patients in follow-up (group F). Both groups were instructed to implement remote consultations using a messaging service (WhatsApp Messenger, WhatsApp Inc., Mountain View, California, USA) to send photos. A total of 418 photos were collected by 57 patients. Thirty-four photos were obtained by five patients in the U group after surgical procedures. All patients sent photos on the established evening, except for two patients who sent two photos outside the set days. In the F group, 384 photos were collected by 52 patients. None of them sent more photos than the number that was established by the protocol. Telemedicine allowed a monitoring of all patients, reducing costs and limiting human contact, decreasing the risk of Covid-19 dissemination.


Assuntos
Odontologia Comunitária , Infecções por Coronavirus , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus , Assistência à Saúde , Clínicas Odontológicas , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/organização & administração , Odontologia , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aplicativos Móveis , Projetos Piloto , Odontologia em Saúde Pública , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Adulto Jovem
13.
Spec Care Dentist ; 40(3): 219-226, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447777

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, incidence rates for dental diseases will continue unabated. However, the intent to prevent the spread of this lethal respiratory disease will likely lead to reduced treatment access due to restrictions on population movements. These changes have the potential to increase dental-related emergency department visits and subsequently contribute to greater viral transmission. Moreover, dentists experience unique challenges with preventing transmission due to frequent aerosol-producing procedures. This paper presents reviews and protocols implemented by directors and residents at the Dental College of Georgia to manage a dental emergency clinic during the COVID-19 pandemic. The methods presented include committee-based prioritization of dental patients, a multilayered screening process, team rotations with social and temporal spacing, and modified treatment room protocols. These efforts aid in the reduction of viral transmission, conservation of personal protective equipment, and expand provider availability. These protocols transcend a university and hospital-based models and are applicable to private and corporate models.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Clínicas Odontológicas , Controle de Infecções , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral
14.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(1): 78-82, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381806

RESUMO

AIM: This study was aimed to evaluate the oral health status and knowledge of diabetic and nondiabetic patients attending dental clinic at College of Dentistry, Hail, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was an observational cross-sectional study. Using nonprobability convenient sampling technique, data were collected from 202 respondents. A total of 202 diabetic and nondiabetic patients were screened for the study. Data were collected by interview using the structured, self-administered questionnaire, and assessment of oral health status was done by clinical examination. The collected data were analyzed using IBM SPSS software. The data were displayed as numbers and percentages and association among the variable of interests was measured using Pearson Chi-square. RESULTS: Of the 202 patients, 102 (50.6%) were males and 100 (49.4%) were females. Majority of the patients, 71 (35.2%) were in the age-group of 30-40 years. In all, 128 (63.4%) participants knew the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on oral health, 167 (82.7%) knew that diabetic patients needed special healthcare, 152 (75.25%) had never spoken to their doctors about oral health, and 164 (81.19%) had never spoken to their dentists regarding diabetes. CONCLUSION: The complications associated with oral health are more common in diabetic patients when compared to the nondiabetic patients. This is the case in both male and female patients visiting the College of Dentistry in the Hail region. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased susceptibility to oral infections especially periodontal disease. Role of a general dentist in diagnosis and raising patient awareness toward DM and its effects on oral health need to be emphasized.


Assuntos
Clínicas Odontológicas , Diabetes Mellitus , Estudos Transversais , Odontologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Arábia Saudita
15.
Am J Dent ; 33(3): 129-134, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470237

RESUMO

RESULTS: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a primary challenging public health issue for not only China but also the world. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared that the pandemic of COVID-19 had become a public health emergency of global concern. As of May 12, 2020 COVID-19 has been reported in over 180 countries/regions, with a total of 4,178,156 confirmed cases and over 280,000 deaths. The risk of cross-infection by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) might be elevated between dental specialists and patients due to the peculiarity of dental practice. Therefore, detailed and effective infection control measures are imminently needed to prevent nosocomial coronavirus infection. This paper, based on proven effective experience, relevant guidelines, and research, not only presents the fundamental knowledge about the name, etiologic characteristics, epidemiologic characteristics and clinical manifestations of COVID-19, transmission routes and risk points of SARS-CoV-2 in dental clinics but also provides recommended protective measures for dental professionals to interdict the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in dental clinics. Classification schemes as well as color identification according to the results of the questionnaire survey and temperature measurement in precheck and triages are innovations proposed in this paper. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This paper, based on proven effective experience, relevant guidelines, and research, not only presents the fundamental knowledge about the name, etiologic characteristics, epidemiologic characteristics and clinical manifestations of COVID-19, transmission routes and risk points of SARS-CoV-2 in dental clinics but also provides recommended protective measures for dental professionals to interdict the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in dental clinics.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Clínicas Odontológicas , Controle de Infecções , Vírus da SARS , Betacoronavirus , China , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral
16.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(2): 117-121, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-154376

RESUMO

The outbreak of corona virus disease (COVID-19) has raised concerns among dentists to develop strategies to prevent infection of dental equipment, materials, and patients during an epidemic period. Strategies following the National Laws and Standards of China and local standards of several provinces for controlling cross-infection and instituting protective measures for medical staff in dental clinics during an epidemic period are discussed. A proposal is put forth for dental clinics that will face similar situations in the future. Further research is warranted to address potential problems that will be encountered under such dire circumstances.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Clínicas Odontológicas , Controle de Infecções , Betacoronavirus , China , Equipamentos Odontológicos , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral
17.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(2): 117-121, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314881

RESUMO

The outbreak of corona virus disease (COVID-19) has raised concerns among dentists to develop strategies to prevent infection of dental equipment, materials, and patients during an epidemic period. Strategies following the National Laws and Standards of China and local standards of several provinces for controlling cross-infection and instituting protective measures for medical staff in dental clinics during an epidemic period are discussed. A proposal is put forth for dental clinics that will face similar situations in the future. Further research is warranted to address potential problems that will be encountered under such dire circumstances.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Clínicas Odontológicas , Controle de Infecções , Betacoronavirus , China , Equipamentos Odontológicos , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral
18.
Int J Oral Sci ; 12(1): 9, 2020 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-12403

RESUMO

A novel ß-coronavirus (2019-nCoV) caused severe and even fetal pneumonia explored in a seafood market of Wuhan city, Hubei province, China, and rapidly spread to other provinces of China and other countries. The 2019-nCoV was different from SARS-CoV, but shared the same host receptor the human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). The natural host of 2019-nCoV may be the bat Rhinolophus affinis as 2019-nCoV showed 96.2% of whole-genome identity to BatCoV RaTG13. The person-to-person transmission routes of 2019-nCoV included direct transmission, such as cough, sneeze, droplet inhalation transmission, and contact transmission, such as the contact with oral, nasal, and eye mucous membranes. 2019-nCoV can also be transmitted through the saliva, and the fetal-oral routes may also be a potential person-to-person transmission route. The participants in dental practice expose to tremendous risk of 2019-nCoV infection due to the face-to-face communication and the exposure to saliva, blood, and other body fluids, and the handling of sharp instruments. Dental professionals play great roles in preventing the transmission of 2019-nCoV. Here we recommend the infection control measures during dental practice to block the person-to-person transmission routes in dental clinics and hospitals.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Clínicas Odontológicas , Odontólogos , Controle de Infecções , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Assistência Odontológica/normas , Clínicas Odontológicas/normas , Surtos de Doenças , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
19.
Int J Oral Sci ; 12(1): 9, 2020 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-9379

RESUMO

A novel ß-coronavirus (2019-nCoV) caused severe and even fetal pneumonia explored in a seafood market of Wuhan city, Hubei province, China, and rapidly spread to other provinces of China and other countries. The 2019-nCoV was different from SARS-CoV, but shared the same host receptor the human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). The natural host of 2019-nCoV may be the bat Rhinolophus affinis as 2019-nCoV showed 96.2% of whole-genome identity to BatCoV RaTG13. The person-to-person transmission routes of 2019-nCoV included direct transmission, such as cough, sneeze, droplet inhalation transmission, and contact transmission, such as the contact with oral, nasal, and eye mucous membranes. 2019-nCoV can also be transmitted through the saliva, and the fetal-oral routes may also be a potential person-to-person transmission route. The participants in dental practice expose to tremendous risk of 2019-nCoV infection due to the face-to-face communication and the exposure to saliva, blood, and other body fluids, and the handling of sharp instruments. Dental professionals play great roles in preventing the transmission of 2019-nCoV. Here we recommend the infection control measures during dental practice to block the person-to-person transmission routes in dental clinics and hospitals.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Clínicas Odontológicas , Odontólogos , Controle de Infecções , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Assistência Odontológica/normas , Clínicas Odontológicas/normas , Surtos de Doenças , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
20.
Int J Oral Sci ; 12(1): 9, 2020 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-3135

RESUMO

A novel ß-coronavirus (2019-nCoV) caused severe and even fetal pneumonia explored in a seafood market of Wuhan city, Hubei province, China, and rapidly spread to other provinces of China and other countries. The 2019-nCoV was different from SARS-CoV, but shared the same host receptor the human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). The natural host of 2019-nCoV may be the bat Rhinolophus affinis as 2019-nCoV showed 96.2% of whole-genome identity to BatCoV RaTG13. The person-to-person transmission routes of 2019-nCoV included direct transmission, such as cough, sneeze, droplet inhalation transmission, and contact transmission, such as the contact with oral, nasal, and eye mucous membranes. 2019-nCoV can also be transmitted through the saliva, and the fetal-oral routes may also be a potential person-to-person transmission route. The participants in dental practice expose to tremendous risk of 2019-nCoV infection due to the face-to-face communication and the exposure to saliva, blood, and other body fluids, and the handling of sharp instruments. Dental professionals play great roles in preventing the transmission of 2019-nCoV. Here we recommend the infection control measures during dental practice to block the person-to-person transmission routes in dental clinics and hospitals.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Clínicas Odontológicas , Odontólogos , Controle de Infecções , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Assistência Odontológica/normas , Clínicas Odontológicas/normas , Surtos de Doenças , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
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