Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.763
Filtrar
1.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 55(1): 5-10, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distal bypass (DB) is the optimal treatment for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). However, effectiveness of DB for patients with intermittent claudication (IC) remains uncertain. This study aimed to analyze long-term results of DB for IC patients (IC-DB) compared with those of DB for CLI patients (CLI-DB). METHODS: Patients undergoing DB from January 2009 to July 2018 at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed. Operative details, primary and secondary patency, amputation free survival rate (AFS), and long-term exercise capacity using Barthel index were analyzed. RESULTS: Out of 302 DB (245 patients), 49 IC-DB were performed in 43 patients: 38 males, mean age 70.3 ± 8.0 years, diabetes mellitus 51%, chronic renal failure with hemodialysis 7%. The Great saphenous vein was used in 47 limbs, the small saphenous vein in 1, and the arm vein in 1. These grafts were bypassed in a non-reversed fashion for 35 limbs, in an in-situ fashion in 9, and in a reversed fashion in 5. The mean operative time was 173 min. The mean follow-up was 25 ± 26 months. Primary and secondary patency of IC-DB was 79% and 94% at 1 year, 71% and 90% at 3 years, 65% and 90% at 5 years, which were significantly higher than those of CLI-DB (primary patency: P = .007, secondary patency: P = .025). AFS of IC-DB and CLI-DB was 100% and 77% at 1 year, 93% and 52% at 3 years, and 90% and 43% at 5 years (IC-DB vs. CLI-DB, p < .0001). Barthel index of IC-DB unchanged at discharge (median 100) and at the last visit (median 100), showing daily activity was maintained adequately. CONCLUSIONS: DB could offer a promising approach for patients with IC because of durable graft patency, acceptable AFS, and maintenance of daily activity.


Assuntos
Claudicação Intermitente/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Veia Safena/transplante , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estado Terminal , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
2.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(5): 714-725, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618486

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the outcomes of orbital atherectomy (OA) for the treatment of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) manifesting as claudication or chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI). Materials and Methods: The database from the LIBERTY study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01855412) was interrogated to identify 503 PAD patients treated with any commercially available endovascular devices and adjunctive OA for 617 femoropopliteal and/or infrapopliteal lesions. Cox regression analyses were employed to examine the association between baseline Rutherford category (RC) stratified as RC 2-3 (n=214), RC 4-5 (n=233), or RC 6 (n=56) and all-cause mortality, target vessel revascularization (TVR), major amputation, major adverse event (MAE), and major amputation/death at up to 3 years of follow-up. The mean lesion lengths were 78.7±73.7, 131.4±119.0, and 95.2±83.9 mm, respectively, for the 3 groups. Results: After OA, balloon angioplasty was used in >98% of cases, with bailout stenting necessary in 2.0%, 2.8%, and 0% of the RC groups, respectively. A small proportion (10.8%) of patients developed angiographic complications, without differences based on presentation. During the 3-year follow-up, claudicants were at lower risk for MAE, death, and major amputation/death than patients with CLTI. The 3-year Kaplan-Meier survival estimates were 84.6% for the RC 2-3 group, 76.2% for the RC 4-5 group, and 63.7% for the RC 6 group. The 3-year freedom from major amputation was estimated as 100%, 95.3%, and 88.6%, respectively. Among CLTI patients only, the RC at baseline was correlated with the combined outcome of major amputation/death, whereas RC classification did not affect TVR, MAE, major amputation, or death rates. Conclusion: Peripheral artery angioplasty with adjunctive OA in patients with CLTI or claudication is safe and associated with low major amputation rates after 3 years of follow-up. These results demonstrate the utility of OA for patients across the spectrum of PAD.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Aterectomia , Artéria Femoral , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Angioplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Aterectomia/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/instrumentação , Aterectomia/mortalidade , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/mortalidade , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
3.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(2): H456-H467, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706261

RESUMO

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a manifestation of atherosclerosis in the leg arteries, which causes claudication. This may be in part due to vascular mitochondrial dysfunction and excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. A mitochondrial-targeted antioxidant (MitoQ) has been shown to improve vascular mitochondrial function that, in turn, led to improved vascular function in older adults and animal models. However, the roles of vascular mitochondria in vascular function including endothelial function and arterial stiffness in patients with PAD are unknown; therefore, with the use of acute MitoQ intake, this study examined the roles of vascular mitochondria in endothelial function, arterial stiffness, exercise tolerance, and skeletal muscle function in patients with PAD. Eleven patients with PAD received either MitoQ or placebo in a randomized crossover design. At each visit, blood samples, brachial and popliteal artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), peripheral and central pulse-wave velocity (PWV), blood pressure (BP), maximal walking capacity, time to claudication (COT), and oxygen utility capacity were measured pre- and-post-MitoQ and placebo. There were significant group by time interactions (P < 0.05) for brachial and popliteal FMD that both increased by Δ2.6 and Δ3.3%, respectively, and increases superoxide dismutase (Δ0.03 U/mL), maximal walking time (Δ73.8 s), maximal walking distance (Δ49.3 m), and COT (Δ44.2 s). There were no changes in resting heart rate, BP, malondialdehyde, total antioxidant capacity, PWV, or oxygen utility capacity (P > 0.05). MitoQ intake may be an effective strategy for targeting the vascular mitochondrial environment, which may be useful for restoring endothelial function, leg pain, and walking time in patients with PAD.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The results of this study reveal for the first time that acute oral intake of mitochondrial-targeted antioxidant (MitoQ, 80 mg) is effective for improving vascular endothelial function and superoxide dismutase in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Acute MitoQ intake is also effective for improving maximal walking capacity and delaying the onset of claudication in patients with PAD. These findings suggest that the acute oral intake of MitoQ-mediated improvements in vascular mitochondria play a pivotal role for improving endothelial function, the redox environment, and skeletal muscle performance in PAD.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Artéria Braquial/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Tolerância ao Exercício/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Claudicação Intermitente/tratamento farmacológico , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Organofosforados/uso terapêutico , Doença Arterial Periférica/tratamento farmacológico , Artéria Poplítea/efeitos dos fármacos , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Pressão Arterial/efeitos dos fármacos , Artéria Braquial/metabolismo , Artéria Braquial/fisiopatologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Claudicação Intermitente/metabolismo , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Contração Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Nebraska , Compostos Organofosforados/metabolismo , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/metabolismo , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/metabolismo , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ubiquinona/metabolismo , Ubiquinona/uso terapêutico , Rigidez Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Caminhada
4.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(7): 605-611, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32691691

RESUMO

We evaluated the outcome of multimodal supervised exercise training (SET) on walking performances and different hemodynamic parameters (ankle/toe-brachial index [ABI/TBI], and transcutaneous oxygen pressure [TcPO2]) in patients with symptomatic lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). Whether hemodynamic parameters predict walking performances at baseline and following SET was also investigated. Fontaine stage II PAD's patients following a 3-month SET were retrospectively included. Hemodynamic parameters and walking performances (pain-free [PFWD], maximal [MWD], and 6-minute [6MWD] walking distance) were measured in each patient. Eighty-five symptomatic PAD patients were included. Following SET, PFWD, MWD, and 6MWD significantly increased (+142%, +94%, +14%; respectively; P ≤ .001). Toe-brachial index significantly increased (MD: 0.04 ± 0.01; P = .02), whereas ABI and TcPO2 did not change significantly. At baseline, patients with higher TBI and TcPO2 performed significantly better (PFWD: ß = 0.25, P = .01 for TBI; PFWD: ß = 0.30, P = .005, and MWD: ß = 0.22, P = .04, for TcPO2). No significant relationship was observed at baseline between ABI and walking performances. Baseline values of hemodynamic parameters did not significantly correlate with changes in walking performances. Multimodal SET significantly improves walking performances. Following SET, no significant changes in ABI and TcPO2 were observed. Toe-brachial index values significantly improved after SET. However, this increase was very modest and its clinical relevance remains questionable. Although baseline TBI and supine TcPO2 values predict baseline walking performances, no association was found between baseline hemodynamic parameters and changes in walking performances following SET.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício , Hemodinâmica , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Caminhada , Idoso , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Treinamento de Resistência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Teste de Caminhada
5.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 285-291, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intermittent claudication (IC) and chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) are both associated with a decreased health status and possibly quality of life (QOL). A better understanding of the differences in QOL between patients with IC and CLTI could be of additional value in shared decision-making. The aim of this study was to compare the QOL at baseline between patients with IC and patients with CLTI. METHODS: The study population was based on 2 study cohorts, 1 cohort consisted of patients with IC (ELECT registry) and the other cohort of patients with CLTI (KOP-study). Patients with an age of ≥70 years were included. QOL at baseline was measured by the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. Nonresponders were excluded from data analyses. Student's t-tests and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) analyses were used to compare QOL between the 2 groups. Outcomes of the ANCOVA analyses were expressed as estimated marginal means. RESULTS: In total, 308 patients were included, 115 patients with IC and 193 patients with CLTI. Patients with CLTI were older (median age 80 years vs. 75 years, P < 0.001) and had more comorbidities. Patients with IC had a statistically significant higher QOL regarding physical health (mean 13.7 [standard deviation (SD) 2.3] vs. 10.8 [SD 2.8], P < 0.001), psychological health (mean 15.3 [SD 2.1] vs. 14.1 [SD 2.4], P < 0.001), environment (mean 16.3 [SD 2.4] vs. 15.5 [SD 2.0], P < 0.002), and the overall domain (mean 3.5 [SD 0.7] vs. 3.1 [SD 0.9], P < 0.001). After correcting for the confounding effect of age and sex, patients with IC still had a statistically significant higher QOL in the physical, psychological, environment, and overall domain. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with IC had a significantly higher QOL in the physical, psychological, environment, and overall domains of the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire compared with patients with CLTI. This underlines the importance of strategies that reduce disease progression as disease progression is associated with a decrease in QOL.


Assuntos
Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Claudicação Intermitente/psicologia , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/psicologia , Isquemia/terapia , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sistema de Registros
6.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 292-297, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transtibial amputations (TTAs) of the leg have been associated with high rates of wound complications. We assessed outcomes of TTAs to determine if bundled interventions implemented at our hospital had an impact on lowering wound complications, including surgical site infections. METHODS: We assessed the impact of a surgical site infection prevention bundle (negative-pressure wound therapy, minimizing the use of staples, and a decontamination protocol for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) on 90-day wound complications. The year of implementation of the prevention bundle was excluded, and the pre-eras and posteras were defined as the four-year period before and after implementation. The study sample consisted of a single-center cohort, with TTA cases identified using operating room scheduling software. RESULTS: A total of 182 TTAs were performed: 110 in the pre-era and 72 in the postera. The wound complication rate decreased from 22 to 17% despite fewer two-stage operations, less imaging to identify peripheral artery disease, and an increased proportion of patients with end-stage renal disease. Wound complications and revision to a higher level of amputation were more associated with indication (especially no-option peripheral artery disease with ischemic rest pains) than with any particular aspect of surgical technique. The use of drains was associated with reoperations but not higher level revision. CONCLUSIONS: Higher rates of wound complications and revision to a higher level of amputations should be expected among patients with no-option peripheral artery disease with ischemic rest pains undergoing TTAs. Drains should be avoided.


Assuntos
Amputação/efeitos adversos , Claudicação Intermitente/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Pacotes de Assistência ao Paciente , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/cirurgia , Tíbia/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/microbiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização
7.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 448.e15-448.e18, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gender-reassignment surgeries are technically challenging and associated with detrimental vascular complications. METHODS: A 49 year-old female status-post phalloplasty presented with peripheral vascular complication resulting in disabling claudication. Initial anastomotic attempt was rendered nonviable to sustain the constructed phallus resulting in superficial femoral artery stenosis. Covered stent placement corrected the stenosis and alleviated the claudication. RESULTS: As gender-reassignment surgeries increase, greater understanding of potential vascular complications is needed. Involvement of multidisciplinary teams is necessary to optimize patient safety and outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Vascular surgery should play a larger role in these complex revascularizations and vessel anastomoses to ensure quality blood flow to the reconstructed genitalia.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Artéria Femoral , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Cirurgia de Readequação Sexual/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/etiologia , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/etiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
8.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 274-284, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32479872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the current diabetes era, severe calcified femoral bifurcation lesions extending to the external elastic lamina are sometimes experienced and are technically challenging during conventional endarterectomy. We previously reported an alternative method, a decalcification technique with a Cavitron Ultrasonic Surgical Aspirator (CUSA), for calcified lesions. This study aimed to clarify the efficacy of CUSA decalcification technique. METHODS: A total of 26 limbs treated with CUSA decalcification from 2014 to 2017 were enrolled and evaluated hemodynamically with ankle-brachial index (ABI) and morphologically with computed tomography angiography (CTA). ABI was measured every 6 months, and CTA was performed early after surgery and then annually thereafter. Curved planar reformation images and cross-sectional multiplanar reconstruction images obtained by CTA were used to measure the cross-sectional area of the common femoral artery (CFA). Then, the time courses of the ABI and CFA areas were analyzed. RESULTS: The operative indication was claudication in 80.8%, rest pain in 7.7%, and tissue loss in 11.5% of the cases. A concomitant profundaplasty was performed in 34.6% of the cases. One case of an intraoperative arterial wall perforation was experienced as a procedure-related complication. Hemodynamic success rate was 96.2% (preoperative ABI: 0.37 ± 0.28, postoperative ABI: 0.75 ± 0.15, P < 0.0001) and technical success rate was 100.0% (preoperative CFA area: 4.1 ± 5.9 mm2, postoperative CFA area: 46.1 ± 17.0 mm2, P < 0.0001), with clinical improvement achieved in 95.8% of cases. Primary and secondary patency rates of the CFA were 100.0% at 2 years postoperatively, and the reintervention-free rate for the ipsilateral limb was 88.5% at 2 years postoperatively. Over a median follow-up period of 28.0 months (range, 12.3-67.0 months), the restenosis rate of CFA was 7.6%, when restenosis was defined as a >50% decrease in cross-sectional area. CONCLUSIONS: CUSA decalcification is a safe and effective alternative method to treat heavily calcified femoral lesions with a good patency rate and a low restenosis rate.


Assuntos
Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Terapia por Ultrassom , Calcificação Vascular/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia por Ultrassom/efeitos adversos , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificação Vascular/fisiopatologia , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
9.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(5): 693-705, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583749

RESUMO

Purpose: To report the 36-month outcomes from the prospective, multicenter, single-arm IN.PACT Global Study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01609296) evaluating the performance of the IN.PACT Admiral drug-coated balloon (DCB) in real-world patients with femoropopliteal occlusive disease. Materials and Methods: The IN.PACT Global Study was conducted at 64 international sites and enrolled 1535 patients with complex lesions, which included bilateral disease, multiple lesions, de novo in-stent restenosis, long lesions, and chronic total occlusions. The predefined full clinical cohort included 1406 patients (mean age 68.6 years; 67.8% men) with claudication or rest pain treated with the study DCB. Mean lesion length was 12.09±9.54 cm; 18.0% had in-stent restenosis, 35.5% were totally occluded, and 68.7% were calcified. Freedom from clinically-driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR) was evaluated through 36 months. The safety composite endpoint was freedom from device- and procedure-related death through 30 days and freedom from major target limb amputation and clinically-driven target vessel revascularization within 36 months. All safety and revascularization events were reviewed by an independent clinical events committee. Results: The Kaplan-Meier estimate of freedom from CD-TLR through 36 months was 76.9%. The composite safety endpoint was achieved in 75.6% of patients. The 36-month all-cause mortality rate was 11.6%, and the major target limb amputation rate was 1.0%. The Kaplan-Meier estimate of freedom from CD-TLR through 36 months was significantly lower in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) compared with claudicants (67.6% vs 78.0%; p=0.003). Lesions affecting both the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and popliteal artery had lower Kaplan-Meier freedom from CD-TLR through 36 months (69.2%) than either isolated SFA (79.7%) or popliteal artery lesions (76.5%; log- rank p<0.001). Predictors of CD-TLR through 36 months included increased lesion length, reference vessel diameter ≤4.5 mm, in-stent restenosis, bilateral disease, CLTI, and hyperlipidemia. Conclusion: DCB angioplasty with the IN.PACT Admiral DCB for femoropopliteal disease in a diverse and complex real-world population is associated with sustained clinical efficacy and low rates of reinterventions at 3 years after the initial procedure.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Artéria Femoral , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Isquemia/terapia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
10.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(6): 978-985, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414572

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the long-term outcomes of the Misago peripheral stent trial (Terumo) for atherosclerotic lesions in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) in patients with claudication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter, single-arm, clinical trial of primary stent placement for de novo cases of SFA disease conducted in the United States and Asia. The primary endpoint was freedom from clinically driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR) at 36 months. Secondary outcomes were ankle-brachial index (ABI), Rutherford score, Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ), a quality of life survey, and rate of device fracture. RESULTS: A total of 276 patients (64.4% male; mean age, 69.3 ± 10.1 years) were enrolled. Freedom from CD-TLR was 78.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 73.0%-83.0%) at 24 months and 75.4% (95% CI, 69.6%-80.2%) at 36 months. Baseline ABI was 0.7 ± 0.1 and 0.98 ± 0.20 (P < .001) at 30 days after the procedure. Baseline Rutherford score was 3.6 ± 0.6 and 1.6 ± 1.0 30 at 30 days after the procedure (P < .001). Mean (and changed) ABI and Rutherford score at 36 months compared to day 30 after the procedure were, respectively, 0.91 (-0.1 ± 0.2) and 1.5 (-0.2 ± 1.1). WIQ score at baseline was 21.49 ± 26.30 and 50.51 ± 38.49 at 30 days after the procedure ( P < .001). The mean WIQ score at 2 years was 46.65 ± 37.31 (P = .12). Stent fracture rate at 36 months was 2.0% (4 of 202 patients). CONCLUSIONS: OSPREY (Occlusive-Stenotic Peripheral Artery Revascularization Study) 36-month data demonstrated persistent freedom from CD-TLR and sustained improvement in ABI and Rutherford score with primary stent placement for SFA lesions.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Artéria Femoral , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Ásia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
11.
Angiology ; 71(8): 747-753, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425059

RESUMO

We determined whether patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) who have either an exaggerated or a negative pressor response during treadmill walking have shorter peak walking time (PWT) and claudication onset time (COT) than patients with a normal pressor response, independent of comorbid conditions. A total of 249 patients were categorized to 1 of 3 groups based on systolic blood pressure (SBP) responses at 2 minutes of treadmill walking (speed = 2 mph, grade = 0%): group 1 (negative pressor response, SBP < 0 mm Hg), group 2 (normal pressor response, SBP 18 mm Hg), and group 3 (exaggerated pressor response, SBP > 18 mm Hg). After adjusting for comorbid conditions, group 3 (exaggerated) had significantly reduced COT (P = .011) and PWT (P = .002) compared to group 2 (normal), while group 1 (negative) and group 2 (normal) were not different. Patients with symptomatic PAD with an increase in SBP > 18 mm Hg after 2 minutes of treadmill walking experience claudication earlier and thus have greater ambulatory dysfunction, compared to patients with PAD with a normal pressor response, whereas patients with PAD with negative pressor response had a similar walking performance. The implication is that the magnitude of pressor response to only 2 minutes of treadmill walking can partially explain the degree of ambulatory dysfunction in patients with PAD.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Tolerância ao Exercício , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Limitação da Mobilidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Caminhada , Idoso , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Teste de Caminhada
12.
Vascular ; 28(6): 722-730, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32408857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The superficial femoral artery can be used as inflow for infra-geniculate bypass, but progressive proximal occlusive disease may affect graft durability. We sought to evaluate the effect of superficial femoral artery versus common femoral artery inflow on infra-geniculate bypass patency within a large contemporary multicenter registry. METHODS: The vascular quality initiative was queried from 2013 to 2019 to identify patients with >30-day patency follow-up, Rutherford chronic limb ischemia stage 1-6, and an infra-geniculate bypass, excluding those with prior ipsilateral bypass. The cohort was stratified by inflow vessel, with primary, primary-assisted, and secondary patency serving as the primary outcome variables. Multivariate Cox-proportional hazard models and radius-based propensity-score matching were performed to reduce treatment-selection bias due to clinical covariates. RESULTS: A total of 11,190 bypass procedures were performed (8378 common femoral artery inflow, 2812 superficial femoral artery) on 10,110 patients, with a mean follow-up of 12.8 months (range 1-98). Patients receiving superficial femoral artery inflow bypasses were more commonly male (p = 0.002), obese (p < 0.0001) and had chronic, limb threatening ischemia (p < 0.0001), whereas those with common femoral artery inflow were older (p < 0.0004), and had higher baseline comorbidities including smoking (p < 0.0001), coronary disease (p < 0.0001), and pulmonary disease (p < 0.0001). On life-table analysis, there was no significant difference in three year estimated primary (32.1 vs 30.1%, p = 0.928), primary assisted (60.5 vs 65.8%, p = 0.191), or secondary patency (62.5 vs 66.7%, p = 0.139) between superficial femoral artery and common femoral artery inflow groups, respectively. A multivariate Cox model found no significant association between inflow vessel and primary patency (0.96 [0.88-1.04], HR [95%CI]), primary-assisted (1.07 [0.95-1.20], HR [95%CI]), or secondary patency (1.08 [0.96-1.22]). In a propensity-matched cohort (n = 11,151), there were small but statistically significant differences in primary, primary-assisted, and secondary patency at latest follow-up (non-time-to-event data) between groups. The largest difference was observed when evaluating secondary patency, with common femoral artery inflow having a marginally higher secondary patency of 88.1% compared to 85.6% for those with superficial femoral artery inflow at latest follow-up (p = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: Within the vascular quality initiative, there is no significant difference in life-table determined three-year primary, primary-assisted, and secondary patency between infra-geniculate bypasses using common femoral artery inflow compared to superficial femoral artery inflow. Small, statistically significant differences exist in primary, primary-assisted, and secondary patency favoring common femoral artery inflow after propensity score matching. Long-term follow-up data are required in the vascular quality initiative to better evaluate bypass graft durability as this study was limited by a mean follow-up of one year.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese Vascular , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Claudicação Intermitente/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Idoso , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
13.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(5): 739-748, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436810

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence and clinical predictors, including institutional annual case volume, of critical in-hospital complications after endovascular therapy (EVT) for peripheral artery disease (PAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were extracted from the nationwide registry of peripheral interventions in Japan [Japanese EVT (J-EVT)] between 2012 and 2017. A total of 92,224 EVT cases either for chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) or intermittent claudication were included in the analysis. The primary outcome measure was critical in-hospital complications, which were defined as a composite of urgent surgery and in-hospital death within 30 days after EVT. The institutional volume was classified into quartiles. The association of institutional volume, as well as baseline characteristics, with the critical in-hospital complications was explored using a multivariable logistic regression model with multiple imputation for missing data. Results are presented as the adjusted odds ratio (OR) with the 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: The estimated prevalence of critical in-hospital complications was 0.3% (95% CI 0.3% to 0.4%). The following 10 patient- and limb-related characteristics were identified as independent risk factors for critical in-hospital complications: (1) female sex (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.36 to 2.25), (2) age ≥75 years (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.40), (3) CLTI (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.47 to 3.05), (4) nonambulatory status (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.23 to 2.24), (5) regular dialysis (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.77), (6) cerebrovascular disease (OR 1.76, 95% CI 1.33 to 2.33), (7) urgent revascularization (OR 5.10, 95% CI 3.64 to 7.13), (8) aortoiliac TASC II D lesion (OR 3.65, 95% CI 2.51 to 5.33), (9) femoropopliteal TASC II D lesion (OR 1.77, 95% CI 1.24 to 2.52), and (10) infrapopliteal TASC D lesion (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.08 to 2.13). In addition, the 4th quartile of the institutional volume (≥158 cases/year), but not the 2nd or 3rd quartile, had a significantly and independently lower risk of critical in-hospital complications than the 1st quartile (OR 0.13, 95% CI 0.07 to 0.23). CONCLUSION: After EVT for symptomatic PAD, 0.3% of the population encountered critical in-hospital complications. A higher institutional volume was significantly associated with a lower risk of critical in-hospital complications.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos , Hospitais com Baixo Volume de Atendimentos , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Carga de Trabalho , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/mortalidade , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis ; 14: 1753944720924270, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the extent to which routine care management of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and intermittent claudication (IC) align with best practice recommendations on exercise therapy. We conducted a scoping review to examine the published literature on the availability and workings of exercise therapy in the routine management of patients with PAD and IC, and the attitude and practice of health professionals and patients. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in February 2018. The Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Ovid MEDLINE, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, ScienceDirect, Web of Science and the Directory of Open Access Repositories were searched. Hand searching of reference lists of identified studies was also performed. Inclusion criteria were based on study aim, and included studies that reported on the perceptions, practices, and workings of routine exercise programs for patients with IC, their availability, access, and perceived barriers. RESULTS: Eight studies met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review. Studies conducted within Europe were included. Findings indicated that vascular surgeons in parts of Europe generally recognize supervised exercise therapy as a best practice treatment for IC, but do not often refer their patients for supervised exercise therapy due to the unavailability of, or lack of access to supervised exercise therapy programs. Available supervised exercise therapy programs do not implement best practice recommendations, and in the majority, patients only undergo one session per week. Some challenges were cited as the cause of the suboptimal program implementation. These included issues related to patients' engagement and adherence as well as resource constraints. CONCLUSION: There is a dearth of published research on exercise therapy in the routine management of PAD and IC. Available data from a few countries within Europe indicated that supervised exercise is underutilized despite health professionals recognizing the benefits. Research is needed to understand how to improve the availability, access, uptake, and adherence to the best exercise recommendations in the routine management of people with PAD and IC.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Terapia por Exercício/efeitos adversos , Tolerância ao Exercício , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 572.e5-572.e7, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32445884

RESUMO

Aortoiliac endarterectomy was the standard treatment for aortoiliac occlusive disease before the availability of prosthetic graft material for aortobifemoral bypass, although the number of patients appropriate for this repair continues to diminish in the endovascular era. Patients with focal aortoiliac disease are often treated with bilateral "kissing" iliac stents through an endovascular approach. However, in patients with eccentric plaque morphology or smaller caliber vessels, the risk of distal embolization and vessel rupture is not insignificant. On the other hand, if the disease is localized to the distal aortic bifurcation, an open aortobifemoral bypass may be excessive and incur additional morbidity. Our case report reviews a 60-year-old woman who presented with lifestyle-limiting claudication from an isolated aortoiliac atherosclerotic plaque who we proceeded with an open aortoiliac endarterectomy.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Claudicação Intermitente/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 59(6): 957-964, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32336621

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were firstly to assess the correlation between disease specific measures of quality of life (QOL) and physical performance and activity, and secondly to identify demographic, clinical, functional, and physical activity measures independently associated with QOL in people with intermittent claudication. METHODS: This was a cross sectional observational study of 198 people with intermittent claudication caused by peripheral artery disease who were recruited prospectively. QOL was assessed with the intermittent claudication questionnaire (ICQ) and the eight-theme peripheral artery disease quality of life questionnaire. Physical performance was assessed with the six minute walk test (6MWT) and short physical performance battery (SPPB), and an accelerometer was used to measure seven day step count. The associations between QOL scores and 6MWT distance, SPPB scores and seven day step count were examined using Spearman Rho's (ρ) correlation and multivariable linear regression. RESULTS: ICQ scores were significantly correlated with 6MWT distance (ρ = 0.472, p < .001), all four SPPB scores (balance ρ = 0.207, p = .003; gait speed ρ = 0.303, p < .001; chair stand ρ = 0.167, p = .018; total ρ = 0.265, p < .001), and seven day step count (ρ = 0.254, p < .001). PADQOL social relationships and interactions (ρ = 0.343, p < .001) and symptoms and limitations in physical functioning (ρ = 0.355, p < .001) themes were correlated with 6MWT distance. The 6MWT distance was independently positively associated with ICQ and both PADQOL theme scores (ICQ: B 0.069, p < .001; PADQOL social relationships and interactions: B 0.077, p < .001; PADQOL symptoms and limitations in physical functioning: B 0.069, p < .001). CONCLUSION: Longer 6MWT distance independently predicted better physical and social aspects of QOL in people with intermittent claudication supporting its value as an outcome measure.


Assuntos
Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Doença Arterial Periférica/complicações , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/etiologia , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Teste de Caminhada
17.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(3): 473-480, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32242768

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the performance of peripheral intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) in a real-world setting during endovascular treatment of multilevel calcified peripheral artery disease (PAD). Materials and Methods: The Disrupt PAD III Observational Study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02923193) is a prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter, single-arm observational study assessing the acute safety and effectiveness of the Shockwave Peripheral IVL System for the treatment of calcified, stenotic lower limb arteries. Patients were eligible if they had claudication or chronic limb-threatening ischemia and moderate or severe arterial calcification. Between November 2017 and August 2018, 200 patients (mean age 72.5±8.7 years; 148 men) were enrolled across 18 sites and followed through hospital discharge. Results: In the 220 target lesions, IVL was more commonly used in combination with other balloon-based technologies (53.8%) and less often with concomitant atherectomy or stenting (19.8% and 29.9%, respectively). There was a 3.4-mm average acute gain at the end of procedure; the final mean residual stenosis was 23.6%. Angiographic complications were rare, with only 2 type D dissections and a single perforation following drug-coated balloon inflation (unrelated to the IVL procedure). There was no abrupt closure, distal embolization, no reflow, or thrombotic event. Conclusion: Use of peripheral IVL to treat severely calcified, stenotic PAD in a real-world study demonstrated low residual stenosis, high acute gain, and a low rate of complications despite the complexity of disease.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Isquemia/terapia , Litotripsia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Calcificação Vascular/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Constrição Patológica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificação Vascular/fisiopatologia
18.
Vasc Med ; 25(4): 354-363, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32303155

RESUMO

Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) induces an ischemic pain in the lower limbs and leads to walking impairment. Electrical stimulation has been used in patients with PAD, but no systematic review has been proposed to address the efficacy of the technique as a treatment for walking impairment in PAD. A systematic search was performed to identify trials focused on electrical stimulation for the treatment of walking impairment in patients with PAD in the Cochrane Central Register, PubMed, Embase, and the Web of Science. Studies were included where the primary outcomes were pain-free walking distance and/or maximal walking distance. When appropriate, eligible studies were independently assessed for quality using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias. Five studies eligible for inclusion were identified, of which only two were randomized controlled studies. Trial heterogeneity prevented the use of the GRADE system and the implementation of a meta-analysis. Three types of electrical stimulation have been used: neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES, n = 3), transcutaneous electrical stimulation (n = 1), and functional electrical stimulation (n = 1). The two available randomized controlled studies reported a significant improvement in maximal walking distance (+40 m/+34% and +39 m/+35%, respectively) following a program of NMES. Owing to the low number of eligible studies, small sample size, and the risk of bias, no clear clinical indication can be drawn regarding the efficacy of electrical stimulation for the management of impaired walking function in patients with PAD. Future high-quality studies are required to define objectively the effect of electrical stimulation on walking capacity.


Assuntos
Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Tolerância ao Exercício , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Extremidade Inferior/inervação , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Caminhada , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Vascular ; 28(5): 548-556, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32338153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Research shows impaired endothelial function in patients with vascular diseases and improved endothelial function following revascularization and medical treatment. There is, however, a dearth of data on the effects of different endovascular therapeutic strategies on endothelial function. We sought to compare the effects of two endovascular strategies of drug-coated balloons versus stenting on endothelial function. METHODS: The reactive hyperemia index, the ankle-brachial index, and the toe-brachial index were measured in patients undergoing endovascular revascularization preprocedurally and on the 90th postprocedural day. After adjusting for baseline line characteristics, reactive hyperemia index were compared between the two groups at baseline and at 90 days. RESULTS: Between January 2018 and March 2019, 86 patients were prospectively included in a non-randomized manner. Drug-coated ballooning alone was carried out on 46 patients, and bailout stenting after plain balloon angioplasty was performed on the remaining 40 patients The post-revascularization reactive hyperemia index exhibited a significant rise in both groups (1.58 ± 0.21 vs. 1.43 ± 0.20; P = 0.0001). There was no difference in the postprocedural reactive hyperemia index between the two treatment groups. Additionally, the follow-up reactive hyperemia index showed no significant change compared with the postprocedural reactive hyperemia index (1.58 ± 0.23 vs. 1.57 ± 0.22). The results of subgroup analysis between a group of clinically high-risk patients and a group of patients with complex lesions were similar to the aforementioned results. CONCLUSIONS: The reactive hyperemia index was significantly improved by endovascular therapy in our study population. However, no difference was observed between drug-coated ballooning and bare-metal stenting, which highlights the effects of vessel patency on endothelial function.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Metais , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Stents , Vasodilatação , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperemia/fisiopatologia , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
20.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 369-383, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32278867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although supervised exercise therapy (SET) is effective in improving walking distance among adults with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD), some research suggests that individuals with comorbid PAD and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may experience a blunted response to SET. It is unknown whether free-living sedentary time changes during SET, and if increases in sedentary time could, in part, explain poor response to SET. The purposes of this pilot study were to (1) determine if older adults with PAD (with and without T2DM) engaging in SET change their sedentary behavior and (2) examine the relationship between changes in sedentary behavior and SET outcomes. We hypothesized that decreased sedentary time during SET would be associated with greater improvements in six-minute walk test (6MWT) total distance and other key SET outcomes. METHODS: Participants (n = 44) initiating a 12-week SET program completed the 6MWT, Short Physical Performance Battery, Walking Impairment Questionnaire, and accelerometer-assessed sedentary behavior at SET initiation, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks. RESULTS: Participants' mean age was 72.3 (7.1) years, mean ankle-brachial index was 0.71 (0.25), and 47.7% were female. On average, sedentary time did not change after SET, although there was substantial variability (-40% to +38% change in minutes of sedentary time/day). Participants with T2DM experienced greater improvements in claudication onset distance than participants without T2DM (mean = 35 m, P = 0.044, 95% confidence interval = 1.6 to 115.4 m). Neither changes in sedentary time from baseline to 6 weeks (P = 0.419) nor T2DM (P = 0.154) predicted changes in 6MWT total distance from baseline to 12 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: As SET availability increases, further examination of factors that may influence SET outcomes will help maximize benefits of this proven therapy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Terapia por Exercício , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Comportamento Sedentário , Caminhada , Idoso , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Claudicação Intermitente/epidemiologia , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Minnesota/epidemiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/epidemiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Projetos Piloto , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...