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1.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272219, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35913912

RESUMO

We wanted to clone the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) from slender African lungfish (Protopterus dolloi) for comparison to the P. dolloi mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), which we had cloned and were characterizing, as well as for comparison to the GRs from humans, elephant shark and zebrafish. However, although sequencing of the genome of the Australian lungfish (Neoceratodus forsteri), as well as, that of the West African lungfish (Protopterus annectens) were reported in the first three months of 2021, we could not retrieve a GR sequence with a BLAST search of GenBank, when we submitted our research for publication in July 2021. Moreover, we were unsuccessful in cloning the GR from slender African lungfish using a cDNA from the ovary of P. dolloi and PCR primers that had successfully cloned a GR from elephant shark, Xenopus and gar GRs. On October 21, 2021 the nucleotide sequence of West African lungfish (P. annectens) GR was deposited in GenBank. We used this GR sequence to construct PCR primers that successfully cloned the GR from the slender spotted lungfish. Here, we report the sequences of nine P. dolloi GR isoforms and explain the basis for the previous failure to clone a GR from slender African lungfish using PCR primers that cloned the GR from elephant shark, Xenopus and gar. Studies are underway to determine corticosteroid activation of these slender African lungfish GRs.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Peixes , Peixes , Receptores de Glucocorticoides , Animais , Clonagem Molecular , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Peixes/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/genética
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13551, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941277

RESUMO

GDP-mannose 3, 5-epimerase (GME, EC 5.1.3.18), a key enzyme in the ascorbic acid synthesis pathway, catalyzes the conversion of GDP-D-mannose to GDP-l-galactose in higher plants. Here, a homolog of GME was isolated from Chrysanthemum vestitum. The cDNA sequence of CvGME was 1131 bp and contained a complete open reading frame encoding a protein comprising 376 amino acids. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed that CvGME was most highly expressed in the stems and roots. Phylogenetic analysis showed that CvGME was closely related to LsGME from Lactuca sativa. Subcellular localization studies revealed that CvGME was localized in the nucleus. Heterologous expression of CvGME in transgenic tobacco plants increased the ascorbic acid content in the leaves. In addition, overexpression of CvGME reduced the malondialdehyde content and increased superoxide dismutase and peroxidase activity in tobacco leaves compared to those in the wild-type plants under drought stress conditions, explaining the increased drought tolerance of transgenic tobacco lines. These results suggest that CvGME can effectively enhance the tolerance of plants to drought by increasing the ascorbic acid content, which may help improve the drought tolerance of chrysanthemums through molecular breeding.


Assuntos
Chrysanthemum , Tabaco , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Chrysanthemum/genética , Chrysanthemum/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Secas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Tabaco/metabolismo
3.
Curr Protoc ; 2(8): e510, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926131

RESUMO

Membrane proteins (MPs) carry out important functions in the metabolism of cells, such as the detection of extracellular activities and the transport of small molecules across the plasma and organelle membranes. Expression of MPs for biochemical, biophysical, and structural analysis is in most cases achieved by overexpression of the desired target in an appropriate host, such as a bacterium. However, overexpression of MPs is usually toxic to the host cells and can lead to aggregation of target protein and to resistance to detergent extraction. An alternative to cell-based MP expression is cell-free (CF), or in vitro, expression. CF expression of MPs has several advantages over cell-based methods, including lack of toxicity issues, no requirement for detergent extraction, and direct incorporation of target proteins in various lipidic mimetics. This article describes a high-throughput method for the expression and purification of eukaryotic membrane proteins used in the author's lab. Basic Protocol 1 describes the selection and cloning of target genes into appropriate vectors for CF expression. Basic Protocol 2 describes the assembly of CF reactions for high-throughput screening. Basic Protocol 3 outlines methods for purification and detection of target proteins. Support Protocols 1-6 describe various accessory procedures: amplification of target, treatment of vectors to prepare them for ligation-independent cloning, and the preparation of S30 extract, T7 RNA polymerase, liposomes, and nanodiscs. © 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol 1: Target selection, construct design, and cloning into pET-based expression vectors Support Protocol 1: Amplification of target DNA Support Protocol 2: Preparation of ligation-independent cloning (LIC)-compatible vectors Basic Protocol 2: Assembly of small-scale cell-free reactions for high-throughput screening Support Protocol 3: Preparation of Escherichia coli S30 extract Support Protocol 4: Preparation of T7 RNA polymerase Support Protocol 5: Preparation of liposomes Support Protocol 6: Preparation of nanodiscs Basic Protocol 3: Purification and detection of cell-free reaction products.


Assuntos
Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Proteínas de Membrana , Clonagem Molecular , Detergentes/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Eucariotos/genética , Vetores Genéticos , Lipídeos , Lipossomos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/química
4.
Curr Protoc ; 2(8): e495, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926113

RESUMO

Small RNAs are ubiquitous regulators of gene expression that participate in nearly all aspects of physiology in a wide range of organisms. There are many different classes of eukaryotic small RNAs that play regulatory roles at every level of gene expression, including transcription, RNA stability, and translation. While eukaryotic small RNAs display diverse functions across and within classes, they are generally grouped functionally based on the machinery required for their biogenesis, the effector proteins they associate with, and their molecular characteristics. The development of techniques to clone and sequence small RNAs has been critical for their identification, yet the ligation-dependent addition of RNA adapters and the use of reverse transcriptase to generate cDNA in traditional library preparation protocols can be unsuitable to detect certain small RNA subtypes. In particular, 3' or 5' chemical modifications that are characteristic of specific types of small RNAs can impede the ligation-dependent addition of RNA adapters, while internal RNA modifications can interfere with accurate reverse transcription. The inability to clone certain small RNA subtypes with traditional protocols results in an inaccurate assessment of small RNA abundance and diversity, where some RNAs appear over-represented and others are not detected. This overview aims to guide users on how to design small RNA cloning workflows in eukaryotes to more accurately capture specific small RNAs of interest. Hence, we discuss the molecular biology underlying the identification and quantitation of small RNAs, explore the limitations of commonly used protocols, and detail the alternative approaches that can be used to enrich specific small RNA classes. © 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Clonagem Molecular , Eucariotos/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , MicroRNAs/química , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos
5.
STAR Protoc ; 3(3): 101579, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942339

RESUMO

Quantifying tRNAs is crucial for understanding how they regulate mRNA translation but is hampered by their extensive sequence similarity and premature termination of reverse transcription at multiple modified nucleotides. Here, we describe the use of modification-induced misincorporation tRNA sequencing (mim-tRNAseq), which overcomes these limitations with optimized library construction and a comprehensive toolkit for data analysis and visualization. We outline algorithm improvements that enhance the efficiency and accuracy of read alignment and provide details on data analysis outputs using example datasets. For complete details on the use and execution of this protocol, please refer to Behrens et al. (2021).


Assuntos
Células Eucarióticas , RNA de Transferência , Clonagem Molecular , Células Eucarióticas/metabolismo , Biossíntese de Proteínas , RNA de Transferência/genética , Fluxo de Trabalho
6.
J Med Life ; 15(6): 768-771, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928367

RESUMO

Staphylokinase (SAK), also known as staphylococcal fibrinolysin, is a protein with a molecular mass of about 15 kDa produced by Staphylococcus aureus. Staphylokinase is synthesized in the late exponential phase, similar to streptokinase. The current study identified and predicted the protein SAK from Staphylococcus aureus. SAK is a fibrinolytic enzyme of the third generation that acts as an indirect activator of plasminogen. The current study cloned and expressed SAK protein isolated from Staphylococcus aureus and used in the form of a grid for enhancement of SAK Catalyst with PCR, disengagement, and change into articulation vector PET24b(+). The recombinant plasmid was changed into E. coli strain BL21 (codon additionally to 440) acceptance with isopropyl ß-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG).


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Staphylococcus aureus , Clonagem Molecular , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Humanos , Metaloendopeptidases , Plasminogênio/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/genética
7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 848808, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937808

RESUMO

Neurokinin B (NKB), a member of the tachykinin (TAC) family, plays important roles in mammalian neuropeptide secretion in related to reproduction. However, its potential role in spawning migration teleost is less clear. In the present study, Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) was employed to study the performance of NKB in regulating reproduction. Results showed that two tac3 and one tacr3 genes were identified in Japanese eel. Sequence analysis showed that two tac3 transcripts, tac3a and tac3b, encode four NKBs: NKBa-13, NKBa-10, NKBb-13, and NKBb-10. However, compared with other species, a mutation caused early termination of TACR3 protein was confirmed, leading to the loss of the 35 amino acid (aa) C-terminal of the receptor. Expression analysis in different tissues showed that both tac3a and tac3b mRNAs were highly expressed in the brain. In situ hybridization localized both tac3a and tac3b mRNAs to several brain regions, mainly in the telencephalon and hypothalamus. Because of the mutation in TACR3 of Japanese eel, we further analyzed whether it could activate the downstream signaling pathway. Luciferase assay results showed the negative regulation of cAMP Response Element (CRE) and Sterol Response Element (SRE) signal pathways by Japanese eel NKBs. Intraperitoneal injection of four different NKB mature peptides at 100 ng/g had negative effect on either gnrh or gth gene expression. However, the high concentration of NKBa-10 and NKBb-13 (1,000 ng/g) upregulated mgnrh and fshb or lhb expression level significantly, which may be mediated by other receptors. In general, the NKBs/NK3Rs system has important functions in regulating eel puberty onset.


Assuntos
Anguilla , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Anguilla/genética , Anguilla/metabolismo , Animais , Clonagem Molecular , Mamíferos/genética , Neurocinina B/genética , Neurocinina B/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro , Maturidade Sexual
8.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2524: 3-15, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35821459

RESUMO

The marine fireworm Odontosyllis spp. produce the bluish-green bioluminescence (BL). Despite years of research, molecular mechanisms of this unique luciferin-luciferase reaction have not been elucidated. Recently, the genes encoding luciferases of O. undecimdonta and O. enopla have been identified. Here, we describe gene cloning techniques for the luciferase of Odontosyllis spp. from a small number of specimens using highly sensitive mass spectrometry analysis in combination with RNA-sequencing. The luciferase activities of the cloned cDNAs are confirmed by BL assay in vitro using recombinant protein expressed in mammalian cells.


Assuntos
Poliquetos , Animais , Clonagem Molecular , DNA Complementar/genética , DNA Complementar/metabolismo , Luciferases/metabolismo , Mamíferos/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
9.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2524: 409-432, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35821490

RESUMO

Multiplex hextuple luciferase assaying allows monitoring the activity of five experimental pathways against one control at the same time. To perform multiplex hextuple luciferase assaying, six orthogonal luciferase reporter units are needed of which five are pathway-specific and one acts as a control for normalization. To ensure stoichiometric delivery of all six luciferase reporters in every transfected cell, synthetic assembly DNA cloning is used to stitch together all six luciferase reporter units into a single vector. Here, we provide a detailed three-step synthetic assembly DNA protocol to generate multiplex hextuple luciferase reporter plasmids for any five cellular signaling pathways of interest, against a control normalization pathway. A first protocol is provided on how to generate plasmids that contain novel transcription factor-binding motifs for specific transcription factors. A second protocol details on how to couple these novel transcription factor-binding motifs to one of five orthogonal luciferases to obtain specific luciferase reporters for cellular signaling pathways acting upstream of those transcription factor-binding motifs. Finally, a third protocol provides details on how to assemble orthogonal luciferase reporters for five cellular signaling pathways acting upstream of five unique transcription factor-binding motifs together with a control constitutive pathway luciferase reporter that will be used for normalization to obtain a final multiplex hextuple luciferase vector.


Assuntos
DNA , Fatores de Transcrição , Clonagem Molecular , DNA/genética , Genes Reporter , Luciferases/genética , Plasmídeos/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
11.
ACS Synth Biol ; 11(7): 2229-2237, 2022 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35797032

RESUMO

Rapid and flexible plasmid construct generation at scale is one of the most limiting first steps in drug discovery projects. These hurdles can partly be overcome by adopting modular DNA design principles, automated sequence fragmentation, and plasmid assembly. To this end we have designed a robust, multimodule golden gate based cloning platform for construct generation with a wide range of applications. The assembly efficiency of the system was validated by splitting sfGFP and sfCherry3C cassettes and expressing them in E. coli followed by fluorometric assessment. To minimize timelines and cost for complex constructs, we developed a software tool named FRAGLER (FRAGment recycLER) that performs codon optimization, multiple sequence alignment, and automated generation of fragments for recycling. To highlight the flexibility and robustness of the platform, we (i) generated plasmids for SarsCoV2 protein reagents, (ii) automated and parallelized assemblies, and (iii) built modular libraries of chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) variants. Applying the new assembly framework, we have greatly streamlined plasmid construction and increased our capacity for rapid generation of complex plasmids.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Escherichia coli , Clonagem Molecular , DNA/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Vetores Genéticos , Humanos , Plasmídeos/genética , RNA Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Biologia Sintética
12.
Theriogenology ; 189: 246-254, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35809358

RESUMO

In 1996, when Dolly the sheep was born, a new, utopian era was expected to begin. Science fiction and popular culture instantly threatened the public with shortly upcoming human clones, portraying it as a very easy and instant procedure. Practice has proven otherwise; it exposed how little is known about the early development of mammals and epigenetic reprogramming. Unfortunately, somatic cell nuclear transfer success rate in mammals has not changed much since its very beginning. It is not uncommon that hundreds of oocytes need to be reconstructed to obtain a single live birth. In this review we provide a brief summary of the progress and problems of the field; beginning with selection of the donor cells and their susceptibility to different methods of epigenetic reprogramming; methods of the later gene activation, placental abnormalities, and their possible causes; to health issues that such offspring is prone to.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Transferência Nuclear , Placenta , Animais , Clonagem Molecular , Clonagem de Organismos/métodos , Clonagem de Organismos/veterinária , Feminino , Humanos , Mamíferos/genética , Técnicas de Transferência Nuclear/veterinária , Oócitos/fisiologia , Gravidez , Ovinos/genética
13.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4392, 2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35906218

RESUMO

Broad-spectrum resistance has great values for crop breeding. However, its mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, we report the cloning of a maize NLR gene, RppK, for resistance against southern corn rust (SCR) and its cognate Avr gene, AvrRppK, from Puccinia polysora (the causal pathogen of SCR). The AvrRppK gene has no sequence variation in all examined isolates. It has high expression level during infection and can suppress pattern-triggered immunity (PTI). Further, the introgression of RppK into maize inbred lines and hybrids enhances resistance against multiple isolates of P. polysora, thereby increasing yield in the presence of SCR. Together, we show that RppK is involved in resistance against multiple P. polysora isolates and it can recognize AvrRppK, which is broadly distributed and conserved in P. polysora isolates.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota , Zea mays , Basidiomycota/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Clonagem Molecular , Resistência à Doença/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Puccinia , Zea mays/genética
14.
Chin J Nat Med ; 20(7): 527-536, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35907651

RESUMO

Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), which catalyzes the conversion from L-phenylalanine to trans-cinnamic acid, is a well-known key enzyme and a connecting step between primary and secondary metabolisms in the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway of plants and microbes. Schisandra chinensis, a woody vine plant belonging to the family of Magnoliaceae, is a rich source of dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans exhibiting potent activity. However, the functional role of PAL in the biosynthesis of lignan is relatively limited, compared with those in lignin and flavonoids biosynthesis. Therefore, it is essential to clone and characterize the PAL genes from this valuable medicinal plant. In this study, molecular cloning and characterization of three PAL genes (ScPAL1-3) from S. chinensis was carried out. ScPALs were cloned using RACE PCR. The sequence analysis of the three ScPALs was carried out to give basic characteristics followed by docking analysis. In order to determine their catalytic activity, recombinant protein was obtained by heterologous expression in pCold-TF vector in Escherichia coli (BL21-DE3), followed by Ni-affinity purification. The catalytic product of the purified recombinant proteins was verified using RP-HPLC through comparing with standard compounds. The optimal temperature, pH value and effects of different metal ions were determined. Vmax, Kcat and Km values were determined under the optimal conditions. The expression of three ScPALs in different tissues was also determined. Our work provided essential information for the function of ScPALs.


Assuntos
Fenilalanina Amônia-Liase , Schisandra , Clonagem Molecular , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Fenilalanina/genética , Fenilalanina/metabolismo , Fenilalanina Amônia-Liase/química , Proteínas Recombinantes , Schisandra/genética
15.
Biomolecules ; 12(7)2022 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35883546

RESUMO

Juvenile hormone epoxide hydrolase (JHEH) plays an important role in the metabolism of JH III in insects. To study the control of JHEH in female Drosophila melanogaster, JHEH 1, 2 and 3 cDNAs were cloned and sequenced. Northern blot analyses showed that the three transcripts are expressed in the head thorax, the gut, the ovaries and the fat body of females. Molecular modeling shows that the enzyme is a homodimer that binds juvenile hormone III acid (JH IIIA) at the catalytic groove better than JH III. Analyses of the three JHEH promoters and expressing short promoter sequences behind a reporter gene (lacZ) in D. melanogaster cell culture identified a JHEH 3 promoter sequence (626 bp) that is 10- and 25-fold more active than the most active promoter sequences of JHEH 2 and JHEH 1, respectively. A transcription factor (TF) Sp1 that is involved in the activation of JHEH 3 promoter sequence was identified. Knocking down Sp1 using dsRNA inhibited the transcriptional activity of this promoter in transfected D. melanogaster cells and JH III and 20HE downregulated the JHEH 3 promoter. On the other hand, JH IIIA and farnesoic acid did not affect the promoter, indicating that JH IIIA is JHEH's preferred substrate. A transgenic D. melanogaster expressing a highly activated JHEH 3 promoter behind a lacZ reporter gene showed promoter transcriptional activity in many D. melanogaster tissues.


Assuntos
Drosophila melanogaster , Hormônios Juvenis , Animais , Clonagem Molecular , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Epóxido Hidrolases/química , Feminino , Hormônios Juvenis/metabolismo
16.
Molecules ; 27(14)2022 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35889370

RESUMO

Expression and purification of ß-galactosidases derived from Bifidobacterium provide a new resource for efficient lactose hydrolysis and lactose intolerance alleviation. Here, we cloned and expressed two ß-galactosidases derived from Bifidobacterium. The optimal pH for BLGLB1 was 5.5, and the optimal temperature was 45 °C, at which the enzyme activity of BLGLB1 was higher than that of commercial enzyme E (300 ± 3.6 U/mg) under its optimal conditions, reaching 2200 ± 15 U/mg. The optimal pH and temperature for BPGLB1 were 6.0 and 45 °C, respectively, and the enzyme activity (0.58 ± 0.03 U/mg) under optimum conditions was significantly lower than that of BLGLB1. The structures of the two ß-galactosidase were similar, with all known key sites conserved. When o-nitrophenyl-ß-D-galactoside (oNPG) was used as an enzyme reaction substrate, the maximum reaction velocity (Vmax) for BLGLB1 and BPGLB1 was 3700 ± 100 U/mg and 1.1 ± 0.1 U/mg, respectively. The kinetic constant (Km) of BLGLB1 and BPGLB1 was 1.9 ± 0.1 and 1.3 ± 0.3 mmol/L, respectively. The respective catalytic constant (kcat) of BLGLB1 and BPGLB1 was 1700 ± 40 s-1 and 0.5 ± 0.02 s-1, respectively; the respective kcat/Km value of BLGLB1 and BPGLB1 was 870 L/(mmol∙s) and 0.36 L/(mmol∙s), respectively. The Km, kcat and Vmax values of BLGLB1 were superior to those of earlier reported ß-galactosidase derived from Bifidobacterium. Overall, BLGLB1 has potential application in the food industry.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium longum , Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum , Bifidobacterium/genética , Bifidobacterium/metabolismo , Bifidobacterium longum/genética , Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Lactose/metabolismo , Temperatura , beta-Galactosidase/química
17.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(8): 498, 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35849211

RESUMO

Polyurethane (PUR) is a soil and aquatic contaminant throughout the world. Towards bioremediation, in a previous study, a soil bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. AKS31, capable of efficiently degrading PUR was isolated. Polyurethanase (PURase) enzyme is capable of cleaving the ester bond of PUR and is considered as a key regulator of PUR biodegradation. Hence, for a high yield, easy purification, and further characterization, the aim of this study was to clone and overexpress the PURase gene of this isolate. The current study also investigated structural aspects of this enzyme through predictive bioinformatics analyses. In this context, the PURase gene of the isolate was cloned and expressed in E. coli using pET28(a)+ vector. The obtained recombinant protein was found insoluble. Therefore, first, the protein was made soluble with urea and purified using nickel-NTA beads. The purified enzyme exhibited substantial activities when tested on the LA-PUR plate. Bioinformatics-based analysis of the protein revealed the presence of a lipase serine active site and indicated that this PURase belongs to the Family 1.3 lipase. Hence, the present study shows that active PURase can be produced in large quantities using a prokaryotic expression system and thus, provides an effective strategy for in-vitro PUR-degradation.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Pseudomonas , Biodegradação Ambiental , Clonagem Molecular , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Lipase/metabolismo , Poliuretanos/metabolismo , Pseudomonas/metabolismo , Solo
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(14): 3756-3764, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35850832

RESUMO

A total of 8 bHLH transcription factors were cloned from Panax quinquefolius and the response of them to methyl jasmonate(MeJA) was studied.To be specific, based on the preliminary transcriptome screening, 8 bHLH transcription factors were cloned with seedlings which had been cultured for 3 weeks.The content of ginsenosides Rg_1, Re, and Rb_1, and total saponins in the adventitious roots of P.quinquefolius was determined at different time of MeJA treatment by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and spectrophotometry.Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(PCR) was used to detect the relative expression of 8 transcription factors after MeJA treatment.The correlation between the relative expression of the 8 transcription factors and the saponin content after MeJA treatment was checked by Pearson's correlation analysis.The results showed that the PCR products(Pq-bHLH21-Pq-bHLH28) of the 8 bHLH transcription factors were 762-2 013 bp in length.They were submitted to NCBI to obtain the Genbank access numbers.The proteins yielded from Pq-bHLH21-Pq-bHLH28 showed amino acid sequence identity of 24.90%, and each amino acid sequence had the bHLH(Basic Helix-loop-helix) conserved domain and belonged to the bHLH family.The 5 amino acid sequences of Pq-bHLH22 and Pq-bHLH24-Pq-bHLH27 contained the bHLH-MYC N domain, which belonged to the MYC transcription factors.Pq-bHLH21-Pq-bHLH28 responded to MeJA within 48 h of treatment.At 72 h, the expression of Pq-bHLH24 reached 106.53 folds the highest in the treatment group.Pq-bHLH25, Pq-bHLH27, and Pq-bHLH28 showed synergic expression.Pq-bHLH21 may re-gulate the biosynthetic pathway of ginsenoside Rb_1, while Pq-bHLH22, Pq-bHLH25, and Pq-bHLH28 were in significantly positive correlation with the biosynthetic pathway of ginsenoside Re.The result lays a foundation for further verifying the regulation of ginsenoside biosynthesis by bHLH transcription factors.


Assuntos
Ginsenosídeos , Panax , Saponinas , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Panax/genética , Panax/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(12): 3208-3214, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35851113

RESUMO

Uridine diphosphate rhamnose(UDP-Rha), a glycoside donor synthesized with the catalysis of rhamnose synthase(RHM), is one of the important elements in the synthesis of rhamnosides. In this study, we cloned a RHM gene from Citrus sinensis(CsRHM) and analyzed its bioinformatic information and functions in vitro. The results showed the gene consisted of an open reading frame of 2 007 bp encoding 668 amino acid residues. The deduced protein had a presumed molecular weight of 75.27 kDa, a theoretical isoelectric point of 6.97, and the characteristic signal sequences(GxxxGxxG/A and YxxxK) of the RHM family. Multiple sequence alignments and the phylogenetic tree demonstrated that CsRHM shared homology with other RHMs. The results of enzymatic reactions in vitro showed that the recombinant protein CsRHM catalyzed the conversion of UDP-Glu to UDP-Rha, with the kinetic parameters V_(max), K_m, K_(cat), and K_(cat)/K_m of 0.373 7 µmol·L~(-1)·min~(-1), 21.29 µmol·L~(-1), 0.24 s~(-1), and 1.13×10~4 s~(-1)·L·mol~(-1), respectively. This study is the first report about CsRHM with validated catalytic function in vitro, which provides a foundation for further research on the biosynthesis of UDP-Rha.


Assuntos
Citrus sinensis , Citrus sinensis/genética , Citrus sinensis/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Filogenia , Ramnose/química , Ramnose/metabolismo , Açúcares de Uridina Difosfato
20.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0271403, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35877655

RESUMO

Structural biology projects are highly dependent on the large-scale expression of soluble protein and, for this purpose, heterologous expression using bacteria or yeast as host systems is usually employed. In this scenario, some of the parameters to be optimized include (i) those related to the protein construct, such as the use of a fusion protein, the choice of an N-terminus fusion/tag or a C-terminus fusion/tag; (ii) those related to the expression stage, such as the concentration and selection of inducer agent and temperature expression and (iii) the choice of the host system, which includes the selection of a prokaryotic or eukaryotic cell and the adoption of a strain. The optimization of some of the parameters related to protein expression, stage (ii), is straightforward. On the other hand, the determination of the most suitable parameters related to protein construction requires a new cycle of gene cloning, while the optimization of the host cell is less straightforward. Here, we evaluated a scalable approach for the screening of host cells for protein expression in a structural biology pipeline. We evaluated four Escherichia coli strains looking for the best yield of soluble heterologous protein expression using the same strategy for protein construction and gene cloning and comparing it to our standard strain, Rosetta 2 (DE3). Using a liquid handling device (robot), E. coli pT-GroE, Lemo21(DE3), Arctic Express (DE3), and Rosetta Gami 2 (DE3) strains were screened for the maximal yield of soluble heterologous protein recovery. For the genes used in this experiment, the Arctic Express (DE3) strain resulted in better yields of soluble heterologous proteins. We propose that screening of host cell/strain is feasible, even for smaller laboratories and the experiment as proposed can easily be scalable to a high-throughput approach.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Proteômica , Clonagem Molecular , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
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