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1.
Mol Immunol ; 112: 360-368, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261021

RESUMO

Hemocyanin is primarily a respiratory copper-containing glycoprotein present in the hemolymph of mollusks and arthropods. Recently, hemocyanin has attracted huge research interest due to its multifunctionality and polymorphism. Most previous immune-related studies on shrimp hemocyanin have focused on the C-terminal. Moreover, we previously reported that the C-terminal domain of Litopenaeus vannamei hemocyanin possesses single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), but little is known about the molecular diversity of the N-terminal domain. In the current study, diversity within the N-terminal domain of L. vannamei hemocyanin (LvHMC-N) was explored using bioinformatics and molecular biology techniques as well as immune challenge. Twenty-five LvHMC-N variants were identified using polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) and DNA sequencing, with multiple sequence alignment showing that the 25 variants shared 87%-99 % sequence homology with LvHMC (AJ250830.1). In different shrimp individuals and different shrimp tissues (i.e., hemocytes, stomach, muscle and hepatopancreas), the LvHMC-N variants were expressed differently. Pathogen challenge could modulate the molecular diversity of LvHMC-N, as three LvHMC-Nr variants (LvHMC-Nr1, LvHMC-Nr2 and LvHMC-Nr3) were identified by sequencing following Vibrio parahaemolyticus challenge. Most importantly, recombinant proteins of these three variants (rLvHMC-Nr1, rLvHMC-Nr2 and rLvHMC- Nr3) had relatively high in vitro agglutinative activities against V. parahaemolyticus, Vibrio alginolyticus and Streptoccocus iniae. Our present data indicates that the N-terminus of L. vannamei hemocyanin also possess molecular diversity, which seems to be associated with immune resistance to pathogenic infections.


Assuntos
Hemocianinas/genética , Hemocianinas/imunologia , Imunidade/genética , Imunidade/imunologia , Penaeidae/genética , Penaeidae/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas de Artrópodes/genética , Proteínas de Artrópodes/imunologia , Sequência de Bases , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Hemócitos/imunologia , Hemócitos/microbiologia , Hemolinfa/imunologia , Hemolinfa/microbiologia , Hepatopâncreas/imunologia , Hepatopâncreas/microbiologia , Alinhamento de Sequência , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vibrioses/genética , Vibrioses/imunologia , Vibrioses/microbiologia , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/imunologia
2.
Microbiol Immunol ; 63(9): 379-391, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310013

RESUMO

The immune system with large number of molecules protects the host against a plethora of continuously evolving microbes. Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules serve as cardinal elements of the adaptive immune system responsible for the activation of the adaptive immunity in the host. The present study reports MHCI molecule in freshwater carp, Catla catla, and its differential expression in immunologically relevant tissues post-infection with Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. The MHCI sequence of C. catla had 502 bp nucleotides encoding putative 146 amino acids. The phylogenetic analysis exhibited its evolutionary conservation within the Cyprinidae family and formed a different clade with the higher vertebrates. Simultaneously, CXCR3 and CXCR4 chemokines were cloned and characterized for their expression in infected tissues. Analysis of immunologically relevant tissues of the infected fish exhibited an increase of MHCI gene expression and the down-regulation of CXCR3 and CXCR4 chemokines, indicating a tricky interaction between the innate and adaptive immune system. It was found that intestine, skin and spleen played a crucial role in the contribution of the defense activity which instigated the self-immunity. These immune activities can provide useful information to understand the interaction of self and non-self- immune system in freshwater fish, Catla catla.


Assuntos
Carpas/genética , Quimiocinas/genética , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Cyprinidae/genética , Genes MHC Classe I/genética , Receptores CXCR3/genética , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Imunidade Adaptativa/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Carpas/imunologia , Cyprinidae/imunologia , Regulação para Baixo , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Água Doce , Expressão Gênica , Filogenia , Alinhamento de Sequência , Pele/imunologia , Baço/imunologia
3.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2615, 2019 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197154

RESUMO

Balanced expression of multiple genes is central for establishing new biosynthetic pathways or multiprotein cellular complexes. Methods for efficient combinatorial assembly of regulatory sequences (promoters) and protein coding sequences are therefore highly wanted. Here, we report a high-throughput cloning method, called COMPASS for COMbinatorial Pathway ASSembly, for the balanced expression of multiple genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. COMPASS employs orthogonal, plant-derived artificial transcription factors (ATFs) and homologous recombination-based cloning for the generation of thousands of individual DNA constructs in parallel. The method relies on a positive selection of correctly assembled pathway variants from both, in vivo and in vitro cloning procedures. To decrease the turnaround time in genomic engineering, COMPASS is equipped with multi-locus CRISPR/Cas9-mediated modification capacity. We demonstrate the application of COMPASS by generating cell libraries producing ß-carotene and co-producing ß-ionone and biosensor-responsive naringenin. COMPASS will have many applications in synthetic biology projects that require gene expression balancing.


Assuntos
Vias Biossintéticas/genética , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Flavanonas/biossíntese , Recombinação Homóloga/genética , Norisoprenoides/biossíntese , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Biologia Sintética/métodos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , beta Caroteno/biossíntese
4.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; 49(8): 800-806, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156029

RESUMO

In this study, azurin, a bacteriocin with anticancer property, was produced by food-grade Lactococcus lactis using the Nisin Controlled Gene Expression (NICE) System. In addition, the antibacterial and cytotoxic properties of recombinant azurin in the culture supernatant were also investigated. Azurin gene from Pseudomonas aeruginosa was cloned into the pNZ8149 vector and the resulting recombinant DNA was transformed into food grade L. lactis NZ3900. The expression of azurin protein was induced by the optimum concentration of nisin for 3 h. Inhibition zones for Escherichia coli and Bacillus cereus were observed at 5.0 and 10 mg/mL concentrations of lyophilized supernatants containing azurin, but no inhibition zone at azurin-free lyophilized supernatants. When HUVEC, HT29, HCT116, and MCF7 cell lines were treated with lyophilized culture supernatants with azurin or without azurin, cell viability decreased with increasing concentrations of the supernatant. Furthermore, the supernatants containing azurin showed more anti-proliferative effect than the azurin-free supernatants. This work provides a practicable method to produce recombinant azurin in the food grade L. lactis strain. As a result, the recombinant L. lactis strain, producing azurin, can be used in the investigation of food biopreservatives and in the development of a therapeutic probiotic.


Assuntos
Azurina/genética , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Lactococcus lactis/genética , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genética , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Azurina/farmacologia , Bacillus cereus/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Amplificação de Genes , Humanos , Plasmídeos/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Transformação Genética
5.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; 49(8): 822-829, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156045

RESUMO

Therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have become the dominant products in biopharmaceutical industry. Mammalian cell expression systems including Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are the most commonly used hosts for the production of complex recombinant proteins. However, development of stable, high producing CHO cell lines suffers from the low expression level and instability of the transgene. The increasing efforts in the development of novel therapeutic antibodies and the advent of biosimilars have revealed the necessity for the development of improved platforms for rapid production of products for initial characterization and testing. In line with this premise, vector design and engineering has been applied to improve the expression level and stability of the transgene. This study reports the application of an improved lentiviral vector system containing the human interferon-ß scaffold attachment region (IFN-SAR) for the development of antibody producing stable CHO cells. mAb expressing clones producing 1100 µg/L of IgG1 monoclonal antibody were isolated without extensive screening of a large number of clones. Our results here indicate the positive effects of IFN-SAR on stable mAb expression using lentiviral based expression vectors. We also observed that although IFN-SAR can improve light chain (LC) and heavy chain (HC) gene copy numbers in stable cell pools, mAb expression in single cell clones was not affected by the transgene copy number.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/genética , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Lentivirus/genética , Animais , Células CHO , Linhagem Celular , Cricetulus , Dosagem de Genes , Humanos , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Transdução Genética
6.
Plant Sci ; 285: 141-150, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203879

RESUMO

Plant tissue brittleness is related to cellular structure and lodging. MED0031 is a mutant identified previously from ethyl methane sulfonate treatment of diploid wheat accession TA2726, showing brittleness in both stem and leaf. In microscopic and histological observations, the mutant was found to have less large vascular bundles per unit area, a thinner sclerenchyma cell wall, and a broader parenchyma, compared with the wild type. The mutated gene, TmBr1, was mapped to a 0.056 cM interval on chromosome 5Am. This gene was cloned using a MapRseq approach that searched the candidate gene through combination of the prior target gene mapping information with SNP calling and discovery of differentially expressed genes from RNA_seq data of the wild type and a BC3F2 bulk showing the mutant phenotype. TmBr1 encodes a COBL protein and a nonsense mutation within the region coding for the conserved COBRA domain caused premature translation termination. Introduction of TmBr1 to Arabidopsis AtCOBL4 mutant rescued the phenotype, demonstrating their functional conservation. Apart from the effect on cellulose content, the TmBr1 mutation might modulate synthesis of noncellulosic polysaccharide pectin as well. Application of the MapRseq approach to isolation of genes present in recombination cold spots and complicated genomes was discussed.


Assuntos
Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Genes de Plantas/genética , Triticum/genética , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Celulose/metabolismo , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Genes de Plantas/fisiologia , Lignina/metabolismo , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Pectinas/metabolismo , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Triticum/anatomia & histologia , Triticum/fisiologia
7.
Nat Protoc ; 14(6): 1863-1883, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076662

RESUMO

Control of protein activity in living cells can reveal the role of spatiotemporal dynamics in signaling circuits. Protein analogs with engineered allosteric responses can be particularly effective in the interrogation of protein signaling, as they can replace endogenous proteins with minimal perturbation of native interactions. However, it has been a challenge to identify allosteric sites in target proteins where insertion of responsive domains produces an allosteric response comparable to the activity of native proteins. Here, we describe a detailed protocol to generate genetically encoded analogs of proteins that can be allosterically controlled by either rapamycin or blue light, as well as experimental procedures to produce and test these analogs in vitro and in mammalian cell lines. We describe computational methods, based on crystal structures or homology models, to identify effective sites for insertion of either an engineered rapamycin-responsive (uniRapR) domain or the light-responsive light-oxygen-voltage 2 (LOV2) domain. The inserted domains allosterically regulate the active site, responding to rapamycin with irreversible activation, or to light with reversible inactivation at higher spatial and temporal resolution. These strategies have been successfully applied to catalytic domains of protein kinases, Rho family GTPases, and guanine exchange factors (GEFs), as well as the binding domain of a GEF Vav2. Computational tasks can be completed within a few hours, followed by 1-2 weeks of experimental validation. We provide protocols for computational design, cloning, and experimental testing of the engineered proteins, using Src tyrosine kinase, GEF Vav2, and Rho GTPase Rac1 as examples.


Assuntos
Regulação Alostérica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Alostérica/efeitos da radiação , Engenharia de Proteínas/métodos , Sítio Alostérico/efeitos dos fármacos , Sítio Alostérico/efeitos da radiação , Animais , Domínio Catalítico/efeitos dos fármacos , Domínio Catalítico/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/química , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/genética , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Ligantes , Luz , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Quinases/genética , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Sirolimo/metabolismo , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/química , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2262, 2019 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118412

RESUMO

Most biomedical research aimed at understanding gene function uses the Cre-Lox system, which consists of the Cre recombinase-dependent deletion of genes containing LoxP sites. This system enables conditional genetic modifications because the expression and activity of the recombinase Cre/CreERT2 can be regulated in space by tissue-specific promoters and in time by the ligand tamoxifen. Since the precise Cre-Lox recombination event is invisible, methods were developed to report Cre activity and are widely used. However, numerous studies have shown that expression of a given Cre activity reporter cannot be assumed to indicate deletion of other LoxP-flanked genes of interest. Here, we report the generation of an inducible dual reporter-Cre mouse allele, iSuRe-Cre. By significantly increasing Cre activity in reporter-expressing cells, iSuRe-Cre provides certainty that these cells have completely recombined floxed alleles. This genetic tool increases the ease, efficiency, and reliability of conditional mutagenesis and gene function analysis.


Assuntos
Edição de Genes/métodos , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Integrases/genética , Plasmídeos/genética , Animais , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Recombinação Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia
9.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; 49(8): 790-799, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140364

RESUMO

The sweet-tasting protein brazzein is a candidate sugar substitute owing to its sweet, sugar-like taste and good stability. To commercialize brazzein as a sweetener, optimization of fermentation and purification procedure is necessary. Here, we report the expression conditions of brazzein in the yeast Kluyveromices lactis and purification method for maximum yield. Transformed K. lactis was cultured in YPGlu (pH 7.0) at 25 °C and induced by adding glucose:galactose at a weight ratio of 1:2 (%/%) during the stationary phase, which increased brazzein expression 2.5 fold compared to the previous conditions. Cultures were subjected to heat treatment at 80 °C for 1 h, and brazzein containing supernatant was purified using carboxymethyl-sepharose cation exchange chromatography using 50 mM NaCl in 50 mM sodium acetate buffer (pH 4.0) as a wash buffer and 400 mM NaCl (pH 7.0) for elution. The yield of purified brazzein under these conditions was 2.0-fold higher than that from previous purification methods. We also determined that the NanoOrange assay was a suitable method for quantifying tryptophan-deficient brazzein. Thus, it is possible to obtain pure recombinant brazzein with high yield in K. lactis using our optimized expression, purification, and quantification protocols, which has potential applications in the food industry.


Assuntos
Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Microbiologia Industrial/métodos , Kluyveromyces/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Edulcorantes/metabolismo , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Kluyveromyces/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/análise , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/análise , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Edulcorantes/análise , Paladar , Triptofano/análise , Triptofano/genética , Triptofano/metabolismo
10.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; 49(7): 679-685, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30990115

RESUMO

L-Asparaginase (L-ASNase) is an important enzyme used to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia, recombinantly produced in a prokaryotic expression system. Exploration of alternatives production systems like as extracellular expression in microorganisms generally recognized as safe (such as Pichia pastoris Glycoswitch®) could be advantageous, in particular, if this system is able to produce homogeneous glycosylation. Here, we evaluated extracellular expression into Glycoswitch® using two different strains constructions containing the asnB gene coding for Erwinia chrysanthemi L-ASNase (with and without His-tag), in order to find the best system for producing the extracellular and biologically active protein. When the His-tag was absent, both cell expression and protein secretion processes were considerably improved. Three-dimensional modeling of the protein suggests that additional structures (His-tag) could adversely affect native conformation and folding from L-ASNase and therefore the expression and cell secretion of this enzyme.


Assuntos
Asparaginase/genética , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Pectobacterium chrysanthemi/enzimologia , Pectobacterium chrysanthemi/genética , Asparaginase/química , Expressão Gênica , Genes Bacterianos , Glicosilação , Modelos Moleculares , Pectobacterium chrysanthemi/química , Pichia/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(8)2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30991752

RESUMO

: Two laccase-encoding genes from the marine-derived fungus Pestalotiopsis sp. have been cloned in Aspergillus niger for heterologous production, and the recombinant enzymes have been characterized to study their physicochemical properties, their ability to decolorize textile dyes for potential biotechnological applications, and their activity in the presence of sea salt. The optimal pH and temperature of PsLac1 and PsLac2 differed in relation to the substrates tested, and both enzymes were shown to be extremely stable at temperatures up to 50 °C, retaining 100% activity after 3 h at 50 °C. Both enzymes were stable between pH 4-6. Different substrate specificities were exhibited, and the lowest Km and highest catalytic efficiency values were obtained against syringaldazine and 2,6-dimethoxyphenol (DMP) for PsLac1 and PsLac2, respectively. The industrially important dyes-Acid Yellow, Bromo Cresol Purple, Nitrosulfonazo III, and Reactive Black 5-were more efficiently decolorized by PsLac1 in the presence of the redox mediator 1-hydroxybenzotriazole (HBT). Activities were compared in saline conditions, and PsLac2 seemed more adapted to the presence of sea salt than PsLac1. The overall surface charges of the predicted PsLac three-dimensional models showed large negatively charged surfaces for PsLac2, as found in proteins for marine organisms, and more balanced solvent exposed charges for PsLac1, as seen in proteins from terrestrial organisms.


Assuntos
Corantes/metabolismo , Fungos/enzimologia , Lacase/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Aspergillus niger/genética , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Corantes/isolamento & purificação , Estabilidade Enzimática , Fungos/genética , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Microbiologia Industrial , Lacase/química , Lacase/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Salinidade , Especificidade por Substrato , Temperatura Ambiente
12.
Mol Biotechnol ; 61(6): 427-431, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941576

RESUMO

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is involved in the regulation of lipid and glucose homeostasis and inflammation. PPARγ expression level has been widely studied in multiple tissues; however, there are few reports of preceding attempts to produce full-length human PPARγ (hPPARγ) in cellular models, and generally, expression level is not known or measurable. We propose an alternative strategy to express recombinant hPPARγ1, using a transient transfection with an inducible Tet-On 3G system where target and reporter gene were cloned in the same open reading frame. We transiently co-transfected human embryonic kidney 293T (HEK293T) cells with pTRE-ZsGreen1-IRES2-hPPARγ1 and pCMV-TET3G for inducible expression of hPPARγ1. Relative expression of the transcript was evaluated by RT-qPCR 48 h after transfection, obtaining a high expression level of hPPARγ (530-fold change, p < 0.002) in co-transfected HEK293T cells in the presence of doxycycline (1 µg/mL); also a significantly increased production of the reporter protein ZsGreen1 (3.6-fold change, p < 0.05) was determined by fluorescence analysis. These data indicated that HEK293T cells were successfully co-transfected and it could be an alternative model for hPPARγ expression in vitro. Additionally, this model will help to validate the quantification of inducible hPPARγ expression in vivo models for future research.


Assuntos
Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo , PPAR gama/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Doxiciclina/farmacologia , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes Reporter , Vetores Genéticos/química , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Fases de Leitura Aberta , PPAR gama/biossíntese , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Transfecção
13.
Mol Biotechnol ; 61(6): 410-420, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30963479

RESUMO

Current developments in meta-data analysis and predictive computational models offer alternative routes for the identification of antibodies. In silico-based technologies and NGS data analysis from Ab phage-display selections offer expanded selections of Ab candidates. Accordingly, the identified de novo Abs with predicted selectivity for a target antigen must undergo rapid gene synthesis for downstream Ab characterizations. Here we describe a high-throughput strategy for the generation of synthetic Ab clones for expression as Fab proteins in Escherichia coli. Our approach utilizes simultaneous single-stranded site-directed mutagenesis of diversified Ab regions of a phagemid template with engineered complementary determining regions that contain multiple stop codon and restriction enzyme sites. Subsequently, we perform rapid screening of Ab DNA clones for correct gene assemblies by high-throughput Ab-phage protein expression screens. Identified sequences are corroborated by Sanger DNA sequencing analysis. In summary, our work describes a rapid and cost-effective platform for the high-throughput synthesis of synthetic Ab genes as Fab proteins for implementation into downstream protein validation pipelines.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Visualização da Superfície Celular , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Vetores Genéticos/química , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/genética , Códon de Terminação , Enzimas de Restrição do DNA/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo , Humanos , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/biossíntese
14.
Mol Biotechnol ; 61(6): 451-460, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30997666

RESUMO

We have previously shown that the small metal-binding protein (SmbP) extracted from the gram-negative bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea can be employed as a fusion protein for the expression and purification of recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli. With the goal of increasing the amounts of SmbP-tagged proteins produced in the E. coli periplasm, we replaced the native SmbP signal peptide with three different signal sequences: two were from the proteins CusF and PelB, for transport via the Sec pathway, and one was the signal peptide from TorA, for transport via the Tat pathway. Expression of SmbP-tagged Red Fluorescent Protein (RFP) using these three alternative signal peptides individually showed a considerable increase in protein levels in the periplasm of E. coli as compared to its level using the SmbP signal sequence. Therefore, for routine periplasmic expression and purification of recombinant proteins in E. coli, we highly recommend the use of the fusion proteins PelB-SmbP or CusF-SmbP, since these signal sequences increase periplasmic production considerably as compared to the wild-type. Our work, finally, demonstrates that periplasmic expression for SmbP-tagged proteins is not limited to the Sec pathway, in that the TorA-SmbP construct can export reasonable quantities of folded proteins to the periplasm. Although the Sec route has been the most widely used, sometimes, depending on the nature of the protein of interest, for example, if it contains cofactors, it is more appropriate to consider using the Tat route over the Sec. SmbP therefore can be recommended in terms of its particular versatility when combined with signal peptides for the two different routes.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Nitrosomonas europaea/genética , Periplasma/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Vetores Genéticos/química , Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao Ferro/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Ferro/metabolismo , Proteínas Luminescentes/genética , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo , Nitrosomonas europaea/metabolismo , Oxirredutases N-Desmetilantes/genética , Oxirredutases N-Desmetilantes/metabolismo , Periplasma/química , Polissacarídeo-Liase/genética , Polissacarídeo-Liase/metabolismo , Sinais Direcionadores de Proteínas , Transporte Proteico , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo
15.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; 49(6): 616-622, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30929584

RESUMO

Uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC), especially associated with severe urinary tract infections (UTI) pathologies, harbors an important virulence factor known as α-hemolysin (110 kDa). Hemolytic activity of α-hemolysin (HlyA) requires modification (acylation) of two lysine residues of HlyA by HlyC, part of operon hlyCABD. Most of the previous studies had used whole operon hlyCABD and gene tolC cloning for the production of active α-hemolysin. Studies involving α-hemolysin are limited due to the cumbersome and manual method of purification for this toxin. Here, we report a simple method for production of both active and inactive recombinant α-hemolysin by cloning only hlyA and hlyC genes of operon hlyCABD. Presence of both active and inactive α-hemolysin would be advantageous for functional characterization. After translation, the yield of the purified α-hemolysin was 1 mg/200 ml. Functionality of the recombinant α-hemolysin protein was confirmed using hemolytic assay. This is the first report of the production of active and inactive recombinant α-hemolysin for functional studies.


Assuntos
Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/biossíntese , Proteínas Hemolisinas/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Escherichia coli Uropatogênica/enzimologia , Acilação , Aciltransferases/genética , Cromatografia de Afinidade/métodos , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/química , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Hemolisinas/química , Proteínas Hemolisinas/genética , Proteínas Hemolisinas/isolamento & purificação , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Escherichia coli Uropatogênica/genética
16.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; 49(8): 759-766, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31032734

RESUMO

In recent decades, immunotoxins have attracted significant attention in treatment of a wide range of diseases including cancers due to their natural origins and their role in blocking crucial pathways within the cells. Ribosome inactivating proteins (RIPs) are efficient molecules in blocking protein synthesis through interactions with ribosomal rRNA molecules. cDNA molecule encoding HER2 scFv antibody fragment originated from trastuzumab attached to the mature alpha luffin gene fragment was subcloned into pET28a expression vector and expressed in different E. coli expression hosts. Identity of the expressed recombinant protein was investigated through western blotting and the fusion protein was purified using Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. The biological activity (toxicity) of the protein was investigated on DNA and RNA samples. A 58 kDa protein was expressed in E. coli. The best protein expression level was achieved in 0.2 mM IPTG at 30 °C in TB medium using E. coli BL21 (DE3) host strain. The fusion protein showed RNase and DNA glycosylase activity on tested RNA and DNA samples. DNA glycosylase activity of the recombinant fusion protein showed that alpha luffin part of this protein is active in conjugation to the scFv molecule and the expressed protein can be further studied in targeted biological in vitro assays.


Assuntos
Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Escherichia coli/genética , Imunotoxinas/genética , Proteínas Inativadoras de Ribossomos Tipo 1/genética , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/genética , Trastuzumab/genética , Linhagem Celular , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Imunotoxinas/farmacologia , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacologia , Proteínas Inativadoras de Ribossomos Tipo 1/farmacologia , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/farmacologia , Trastuzumab/farmacologia
17.
J Biosci Bioeng ; 128(3): 283-289, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967334

RESUMO

Candida glycerinogenes, an industrial yeast with excellent multi-stress tolerance, has been applied to glycerol production for decades. However, its genetic manipulation was limited by the absence of meiosis, the diploid genome, and the lack of molecular tools. We described here the implementation of a transient CRISPR-Cas9 system for efficient genome editing in C. glycerinogenes. By targeting the counterselectable marker genes (TRP1, URA3), single and double gene knock-outs were achieved and the auxotroph obtained can be used as a background for targeting other gene (HOG1) at a mutation efficiency of 80%. Further, a xylonic acid producing C. glycerinogenes strain was constructed by knock-in of the xylose dehydrogenase gene, which produced up to 28 g/L ethanol and 9 g/L xylonic acid simultaneously from simulated lignocellulosic hydrolysate (contained 70 g/L glucose and 24 g/L xylose). These results indicated that the CRSIPR-Cas9 system developed here can facilitate the study of gene functions and metabolic pathways in C. glycerinogenes.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Candida/genética , Etanol/metabolismo , Edição de Genes/métodos , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , Xilose/análogos & derivados , Aldeído Redutase/genética , Aldeído Redutase/metabolismo , Candida/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Glucose/metabolismo , Organismos Geneticamente Modificados , Xilose/metabolismo
18.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 65(3): 25-31, 2019 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942153

RESUMO

Flowering is a very important developmental stage in the plant life cycle. LIKE HETEROCHROMATIN PROTEIN 1 (LHP1) has been shown to participate in epigenetic silencing of flowering genes. Here, for the first time, we isolated and characterized six CmLHP1 homolog genes from the important day-neutral ornamental Chrysanthemum morifolium cultivar 'Jin budiao'. These homolog genes were most likely generated by whole-genome duplication. Bioinformatic analysis showed that chrysanthemum LHP1 homologs present low similarity to other plant LHP1-like genes. However, three nuclear localization signals and two domains were highly conserved among them. The secondary structures of the CmLHP1 homologs mainly include α-helices and random coils, indicating that the proteins are mixed proteins. Phylogenetic tree analysis indicated that the six CmLHP1 genes constituted a small clade and had the closest relationship with LsLHP1 (Lactuca sativa LHP1). Quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed that the CmLHP1 homologs were expressed in different tissues during the developmental period of chrysanthemum, but they were highly expressed in the buds, especially during the key S1 stage of the inflorescence. Furthermore, the expression patterns of CmLHP1 homologs showed divergence under different photoperiods. Both CmLHP1b and CmLHP1e exhibited photoperiod sensitivity in leaves. Intriguingly, CmLHP1c was insensitive to photoperiod in both the shoot apexes and the leaves. Subcellular localization revealed that the six CmLHP1 proteins were located in the nucleus. These results reveal that CmLHP1 homolog genes could be strong candidates as important regulators of flowering time in chrysanthemum.


Assuntos
Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/genética , Chrysanthemum/genética , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/química , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/metabolismo , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Transporte Proteico , Frações Subcelulares/metabolismo
19.
Gene ; 705: 5-15, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, the molecular mechanism of plant growth and development has been reported in detail. GRAS genes, a plant-specific family of transcription factor, play critical roles in the process. GRAS transcription factors are associated with axillary shoot meristem formation, radial root patterning, phytohormones (gibberellins) signal transduction, light signaling, and abiotic or biotic stress. OBJECTIVE: Here, we firstly investigated GRAS gene family in Dendrobium catenatum, an important medicinal and flowering orchid in China. METHODS: The GRAS gene family in D. catenatum was cloned based on RNA-Seq data. Selected GRAS genes were introduced into Escherichia coli to express proteins. RESULTS: Based on phylogenetic relationship with the Arabidopsis and Oryza GRAS family members, 47 GRAS genes from D. catenatum are identified and their deduced proteins are classified into 11 subgroups. Most of these GRAS genes contain one exon and closely related members in the phylogenetic tree have similar motif composition. Our result also reveals that GRAS genes in D. catenatum are widely distributed and expressed in different tissue. In addition, 35 GRAS genes are successfully cloned from different subgroups and 7 DoGRAS fusion proteins are induced using E. coli system. Moreover, 8 genes were up-regulated in different tissue following exposure to heat and salt stresses. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide valuable information and candidate genes for future functional analysis for improving the resistance of D. catenatum growth.


Assuntos
Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Dendrobium/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Dendrobium/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Evolução Molecular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Família Multigênica , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Distribuição Tecidual , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
20.
Gene ; 705: 133-141, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004713

RESUMO

Fatty acid desaturases (Fads) are a key enzyme in the process of biosynthesis of highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFAs). In this study, we cloned the full-length sequence of the SiFad1 gene (SiFad1) and analyzed its expression profiles during different developmental stages and in different tissues of Strongylocentrotus intermedius. The full-length cDNA of SiFad1 is composed of 1086 bp, with a putative open reading frame of 885 bp encoding a polypeptide of 294 amino acid (AA) residues. The predicted molecular mass of SiFad1 is 34.67 kDa and its theoretical pI is 8.41. The presence of conserved motifs including three histidine boxes (HXXXH, HXXHH, XXXHH), a FA_desaturases domain and three transmembrane domains suggests that SiFad1 belongs to the microsomal fatty acid desaturases family. Its tissue distribution showed that the highest expression of SiFad1 is in the intestine and the weakest expression is in Aristotle's lantern of S. intermedius. Time-course expression measurements in different developmental stages showed the highest expression of SiFad1 occurs in the gastrula and the weakest expression in the juvenile sea urchin. Knock-down of SiFad1 by specific siRNA revealed that the significantly depressed expression of Elovl5 had decreased in the coelomocytes, intestines and gonads at 24 h post transfection, indicating that the downstream target gene of SiFad1 is Elovl5 and SiFad1 and Elovl5 have positive regulatory effects. When we examined the changes in fatty acids in the gonads before and after interference, the results showed that after 24 h of interference, the content of C20:4n-6 produced by SiFad1 had decreased. Taken together, these results will enable us to understand the role of SiFad1 in fatty acid anabolism, which will help us to understand the fatty acid synthesis pathways and regulatory mechanisms of Strongylocentrotus intermedius and provide a theoretical experimental basis for improving the ability of sea urchins to synthesize fatty acids and cultivating sea urchins of higher quality and nutritional value.


Assuntos
Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Ácidos Graxos Dessaturases/genética , Ácidos Graxos Dessaturases/metabolismo , Strongylocentrotus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Animais , Ácidos Graxos Dessaturases/química , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Peso Molecular , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Strongylocentrotus/enzimologia , Strongylocentrotus/genética , Distribuição Tecidual
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