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1.
Int Heart J ; 62(2): 246-255, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731521

RESUMO

Whether reduced-dose prasugrel has a better efficacy or safety than standard-dose clopidogrel remains unknown in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library from database inception to May 1, 2020 was performed to compare the clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome or stable coronary artery disease undergoing PCI between those treated with reduced-dose prasugrel and clopidogrel. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using the fixed-effect or random-effect model if significant heterogeneity was observed. The primary efficacy endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), including cardiovascular (CV) death, myocardial infarction (MI), or ischemic stroke. The primary safety endpoint was all bleeding events.Overall, seven studies with 32,951 patients with PCI were included in the analysis. Reduced-dose prasugrel was associated with a lower risk of MACE than clopidogrel (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.67-0.97). Except for MI (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.56-0.98), the secondary efficacy endpoints of CV death, ischemic stroke, all-cause death, and stent thrombosis were similar. For the primary safety endpoint of all bleeding events, there was no significant difference between reduced-dose prasugrel and clopidogrel (OR 1.31, 95% CI 0.87-1.98), but the risk of minor bleeding was significantly higher in reduced-dose prasugrel (OR 1.73, 95% CI 1.25-2.41).In patients undergoing PCI, a lower risk of MACE was found in patients receiving reduced-dose prasugrel than in those with clopidogrel, but a higher risk of minor bleeding events was noted.


Assuntos
Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(6): e24366, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study showed a lower clopidogrel response when coprescribed with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Despite this, PPIs is necessary for patients treated with long term dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). Ethnic variance also played a different effect on clopidogrel response. Our study evaluated the effect of concomitant use of DAPT and PPIs and assessed whether ethnic variance exert different effect on clinical outcomes. METHODS: We carefully searched EMBASE, PubMed/Medline databases, and the Cochrane library in April 2019. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and individual endpoints reported. We also focused on bleeding events. Studies were excluded if the follow-up were <12 months and patients were not treated with clopidogrel after stent implantation. RESULTS: A total of 18 studies were included in the systematic review (involving 79,670 patients). No randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. PPIs comedication were associated with increased MACCE (odds ratio [OR] = 1.38; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.28-1.49) while not associated with decreased bleeding risks, such as gastrointestinal bleeding (OR = 1.05; 95% CI = 0.53-2.11). PPIs comedication were associated with increased risk for all endpoints among Caucasian population while not with increased risk for MACE (OR = 1.20; 95% CI = 0.99-1.39), all-cause death (OR = 1.24; 95% CI = 0.74-2.06), cardiac-death (OR = 1.29; 95% CI = 0.64-2.57) among Asian population. CONCLUSION: PPIs comedication were associated with adverse clinical outcomes, and ethnic variance may exert different effect on clinical outcomes. Subgroup analysis indicated that concomitant use of PPI might be suitable for Asian patients after stent implantation.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese Vascular , Prótese Vascular , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Stents , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Oclusão Coronária/prevenção & controle , Oclusão Coronária/terapia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Int Heart J ; 62(1): 171-174, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455983

RESUMO

A 41-year-old woman with chest pain for 6 hours was admitted to our chest pain center, presenting with acute myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography showed acute total occlusion in the proximal left anterior descending artery due to late stent thrombosis. After thrombus aspiration and intracoronary administration of 0.5 mg tirofiban, repeated angiography showed that no obvious residual stenosis remained. The patient underwent drug-coated balloon angioplasty 69 days ago and was then administered dual antiplatelet treatment (aspirin and clopidogrel) uninterruptedly. Genetic testing found that both cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) (G681A) and glycoprotein Ia (GPIa) (C807T, G873A) were hybrid mutant types, demonstrating that the patient was possibly resistant to clopidogrel and aspirin simultaneously. Thus, clopidogrel was replaced by ticagrelor and no more cardiovascular adverse events occurred during the 2-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/etiologia , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C19/genética , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/métodos , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Integrina alfa2/genética , Mutação/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/uso terapêutico , Stents/efeitos adversos , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/terapia , Ticagrelor/administração & dosagem , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Tirofibana/administração & dosagem , Tirofibana/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244330, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373378

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Reduced antiplatelet activity of aspirin (ALR) or clopidogrel (CLR) is associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic events. The reported prevalence data for low-responders vary widely and there have been few investigations in vascular surgery patients even though they are at high risk for thromb-embolic complications. The aim of this prospective observational monocentric study was to elucidate possible changes in ALR or CLR after common vascular procedures. METHODS: Activity of aspirin and clopidogrel was measured by impedance aggregometry using a multiple electrode aggregometer (Multiplate®). Possible risk factors for ALR or CLR were identified by demographical, clinical data and laboratory parameters. In addition, a follow-up aggregometry was performed after completion of the vascular procedure to identify changes in antiplatelet response. RESULTS: A total of 176 patients taking antiplatelet medications aspirin and/or clopidogrel with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and/or carotid stenosis (CS) were included in the study. The prevalence of ALR was 13.1% and the prevalence of CLR was 32% in the aggregometry before vascular treatment. Potential risk factors identified in the aspirin group were concomitant insulin medication (p = 0.0006) and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) (p = 0.0021). The overall ALR increased significantly postoperatively to 27.5% (p = 0.0006); however, there was no significant change in CLR that was detected. In a subgroup analysis elevation of the platelet count was associated with a post-procedure increase of ALR incidence. CONCLUSION: The incidence of ALR in vascular surgery patients increases after vascular procedures. An elevated platelet count was detected as a risk factor. Further studies are necessary to analyse this potential influence on patency rates of vascular reconstructions.


Assuntos
Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Pesquisa Empírica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Assistência Perioperatória/instrumentação , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Contagem de Plaquetas , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
JAMA ; 324(16): 1640-1650, 2020 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107944

RESUMO

Importance: Current guidelines recommend ticagrelor as the preferred P2Y12 platelet inhibitor for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), primarily based on a single large randomized clinical trial. The benefits and risks associated with ticagrelor vs clopidogrel in routine practice merits attention. Objective: To determine the association of ticagrelor vs clopidogrel with ischemic and hemorrhagic events in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ACS in clinical practice. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study of patients with ACS who underwent PCI and received ticagrelor or clopidogrel was conducted using 2 United States electronic health record-based databases and 1 nationwide South Korean database from November 2011 to March 2019. Patients were matched using a large-scale propensity score algorithm, and the date of final follow-up was March 2019. Exposures: Ticagrelor vs clopidogrel. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was net adverse clinical events (NACE) at 12 months, composed of ischemic events (recurrent myocardial infarction, revascularization, or ischemic stroke) and hemorrhagic events (hemorrhagic stroke or gastrointestinal bleeding). Secondary outcomes included NACE or mortality, all-cause mortality, ischemic events, hemorrhagic events, individual components of the primary outcome, and dyspnea at 12 months. The database-level hazard ratios (HRs) were pooled to calculate summary HRs by random-effects meta-analysis. Results: After propensity score matching among 31 290 propensity-matched pairs (median age group, 60-64 years; 29.3% women), 95.5% of patients took aspirin together with ticagrelor or clopidogrel. The 1-year risk of NACE was not significantly different between ticagrelor and clopidogrel (15.1% [3484/23 116 person-years] vs 14.6% [3290/22 587 person-years]; summary HR, 1.05 [95% CI, 1.00-1.10]; P = .06). There was also no significant difference in the risk of all-cause mortality (2.0% for ticagrelor vs 2.1% for clopidogrel; summary HR, 0.97 [95% CI, 0.81-1.16]; P = .74) or ischemic events (13.5% for ticagrelor vs 13.4% for clopidogrel; summary HR, 1.03 [95% CI, 0.98-1.08]; P = .32). The risks of hemorrhagic events (2.1% for ticagrelor vs 1.6% for clopidogrel; summary HR, 1.35 [95% CI, 1.13-1.61]; P = .001) and dyspnea (27.3% for ticagrelor vs 22.6% for clopidogrel; summary HR, 1.21 [95% CI, 1.17-1.26]; P < .001) were significantly higher in the ticagrelor group. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with ACS who underwent PCI in routine clinical practice, ticagrelor, compared with clopidogrel, was not associated with significant difference in the risk of NACE at 12 months. Because the possibility of unmeasured confounders cannot be excluded, further research is needed to determine whether ticagrelor is more effective than clopidogrel in this setting.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/efeitos adversos , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Causas de Morte , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Dispneia/induzido quimicamente , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Isquemia/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Metanálise em Rede , Pontuação de Propensão , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Recidiva , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Ticagrelor/administração & dosagem , Estados Unidos
6.
Clín. investig. arterioscler. (Ed. impr.) ; 32(5): 193-199, sept.-oct. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-196742

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: Se ha demostrado que el inflamasoma NLRP1 es clave en la disfunción endotelial, estando las plaquetas implicadas en las reacciones inflamatorias que la desencadenan. Investigamos la inhibición in vivo de la inflamación plaquetario-dependiente mediante inhibición del receptor P2Y vía ADP comparada con la de la enzima COX sobre la transcripción del NLRP1 en las células endoteliales. MÉTODOS: Estudio prospectivo, aleatorizado, abierto y cruzado con 2 periodos de inhibición plaquetaria en 20 voluntarios sanos, administrando clopidogrel 75mg/día/7días y aspirina 100mg/día/7días de forma cruzada tras un periodo de lavado de una semana. Las células endoteliales aórticas humanas (HAEC) fueron estimuladas 2h con plasma obtenido de los pacientes antes y después de la inhibición plaquetaria. La cuantificación de la expresión de NLRP1 se determinó mediante análisis qRT PCR. RESULTADOS: Las HAEC expuestas a plasma basal de individuos sanos presentaron niveles más elevados del NLRP1 que las expuestas a plasma de los participantes tras la administración de aspirina o clopidogrel [cuantificación relativa (CR), 1,077±0,05 vs. 1,002±0,06; OR, 1,8; IC95, 1,1-2,9; p < 0,01 y 1,077±0,05 vs. 1,04±0,03; OR, 1,7; IC95, 1,2-2,6; p < 0,001, respectivamente]. La expresión del NLRP1 en HAEC expuestas a plasma de los participantes tras la administración de aspirina o clopidogrel fue similar a las HAEC sin exposición a plasma humano (PBS) [CR 1,002±0,06 vs. 1,009±0,03; OR, 0,9; IC95, 0,5-1,4; p = 0,7 y 1,04±0,03 vs. 1,009±0,03; OR, 0,8; IC95, 0,3-1,2; p = 0,5, respectivamente]. No hubo diferencias en el porcentaje de reducción del NLRP1 en las HAEC expuestas al plasma tras la toma de aspirina comparado con la provocada por el plasma de estos mismos sujetos tras clopidogrel (3,8% vs. 2,8%, p = 0,3, respectivamente). CONCLUSIONES: La inhibición plaquetaria por vías P2Y y COX provoca similar efecto en la inhibición del inflamasoma proaterogénico NLRP1 en las HAEC


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: NRP1 inflammasome is crucial in endothelial dysfunction. Platelets are mandatory for the inflammation that precedes it. Aspirin could inhibit NLRP1 inflammasome in endothelial cells, and clopidogrel could also provoke a reduction in vascular inflammation. A study was carried out on the influence of platelet inflammatory inhibition by P2Y receptor inhibition versus COX enzyme inhibition on the transcription of NLRP1 inflammasome in endothelial cells. METHODS: An open-label, prospective, randomised crossover study with two periods of platelet inhibition enrolled 20 healthy volunteers. They received clopidogrel 75mg/day/7days and aspirin 100mg/day/7days. A venous blood sample was collected from all participants before and after this period. Human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were exposed for 2h in cultures. NLRP1 gene expression was then analysed in these cultures. RESULTS: HAEC cultures that were exposed to baseline plasma showed higher expression of NLRP1 than HAECs exposed to plasma after one week of aspirin or clopidogrel intake [relative quantification (RQ), 1.077±0.05 vs. 1.002±0.06; OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.1-2.9; P<.01 and 1.077±0.05 vs. 1.04±0.03; OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.2-2.6; P<.001, respectively]. NLRP1 expression in HAEC cultures exposed to plasma after one week of aspirin or clopidogrel was similar to that observed in control HAECs that was no exposed to human plasma (PBS) [RQ; 1.002±0.06 vs. 1.009±0.03; OR, 0.9; 95% CI, 0.5-1.4; P=.7, and 1.04±0.03 vs. 1.009±0.03; OR, 0.8; 95% CI, 0.3-1.2; P=.5, respectively]. No difference was observed in NLRP1 percentage reduction in HAEC after aspirin or clopidogrel exposure (3.8% vs. 2.8%, P=.3, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Platelet inhibition by P2Y pathway is similar to COX pathway in NLRP1 expression inhibition in HAECs


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Inflamassomos/antagonistas & inibidores , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Voluntários Saudáveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Am Heart J ; 228: 8-16, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal injury is a common complication in patients treated with antiplatelet agents after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the effects of different antiplatelet regimens on the incidence and severity of gastrointestinal injury have not been well studied, principally due to the lack of a low-risk sensitive and accurate detection system. TRIAL DESIGN: OPT-PEACE is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Gastrointestinal injury will be evaluated with the ANKON magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy system (AMCE), a minimally invasive approach for detecting mucosal lesions in the stomach, duodenum and small intestine. Patients without AMCE-detected gastrointestinal erosions, ulceration or bleeding after drug-eluting stent implantation are enrolled and treated with open-label aspirin (100 mg/d) plus clopidogrel (75 mg/d) for 6 months. Thereafter, 480 event-free patients will undergo repeat AMCE and are randomly assigned in a 1:1:1 ratio to receive aspirin plus clopidogrel, aspirin plus placebo or clopidogrel plus placebo for an additional 6 months. A final AMCE is performed at 12 months. The primary endpoint is the incidence of gastric or intestinal mucosal lesions (erosions, ulceration, or bleeding) within 12 months after enrollment. CONCLUSIONS: OPT-PEACE is the first study to investigate the incidence and severity of gastrointestinal injury in patients receiving different antiplatelet therapy regimens after stent implantation. This trial will inform clinical decision-making for personalized antiplatelet therapy post-PCI.


Assuntos
Aspirina , Endoscopia por Cápsula/métodos , Clopidogrel , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Adulto , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Método Duplo-Cego , Stents Farmacológicos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/métodos , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Risco Ajustado/métodos
8.
Am Heart J ; 228: 1-7, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and a P2Y12 inhibitor is the cornerstone for prevention ischemic events in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. However, the optimal antiplatelet strategy for ACS patients with both high bleeding and high ischemic risks is unclear. STUDY DESIGN: The OPT-BIRISK trial is a multicenter, double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomized study designed to test the superiority of extended antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel monotherapy compared with aspirin and clopidogrel for reduction of bleeding events in ACS patients with both high bleeding and high ischemic risks ("bi-risk"). A total of 7,700 patients who completed 9- to 12-month dual antiplatelet therapy after new-generation drug-eluting stent implantation for the treatment of ACS will be randomized to receive clopidogrel monotherapy or aspirin plus clopidogrel for 9 months followed by aspirin monotherapy for 3 months. The primary end point is Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 2, 3, or 5 bleedings at 9 months after randomization. The key secondary end point is major adverse cardiac and cerebral events at 9 months after randomization, defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or coronary artery revascularization. CONCLUSIONS: OPT-BIRISK is the first large-scale randomized trial aimed to explore the optimal antiplatelet strategy for bi-risk ACS patients after percutaneous coronary intervention in current clinical practice. The results will add evidence regarding de-escalation antiplatelet therapy for patients at special risk.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Aspirina , Clopidogrel , Hemorragia , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Adulto , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/métodos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/induzido quimicamente , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
9.
Am J Cardiol ; 133: 61-70, 2020 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811654

RESUMO

Patients who underwent complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are known to be at high risk for both ischemic and bleeding complications. The risk/benefit tradeoff of extending dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) >12 months with clopidogrel and aspirin for TWILIGHT-like patients who are at high risk of bleeding or ischemic events and undergo complex PCI is unclear. Eight thousand three hundred and fifty-eight consecutive patients fulfilling the "TWILIGHT-like" criteria who underwent PCI from January 2013 to December 2013 were prospectively enrolled in Fuwai PCI Registry. We identified 2,677 of "TWILIGHT-like" complex PCI patients who were events free at 1 year after the index procedure. "TWILIGHT-like" patients were identified based on at least 1 clinical and 1 angiographic feature. Median follow-up was 29 months. Risk of primary efficacy outcome, major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke), was reduced with DAPT >12 months versus DAPT≤ 12 months (hazard ratio [HR]adj 0.374, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.235 to 0.595; HRmatched 0.292 [0.151 to 0.561]; HRIPTW 0.356 [0.225 to 0.562]), with directional consistency for cardiovascular death and definite/probable stent thrombosis. In contrast, >12-month DAPT was comparable to ≤12-month DAPT for the risk of clinically relevant bleeding ([HR]adj 1.189, 95% CI 0.474 to 2.984; HRmatched 1.577 [0.577 to 4.312]; HRIPTW 1.239 [0.502 to 3.059]). Importantly, there was also a significant net benefit in favor of prolonged DAPT treatment. In conclusion, among "TWILIGHT-like" patients after complex PCI, continuing duration of DAPT> 12 months was associated with a net clinical benefit and lower rates of ischemic events without increasing the risk of clinically relevant bleeding than DAPT≤ 12 months, suggesting that long-term DAPT may have a favorable risk-benefit ratio in this high-risk population.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , China , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Esquema de Medicação , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237022, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major bleedings other than gastrointestinal (GI) and intracranial (ICH) and mortality rates associated with antiplatelet drugs in real-world clinical practice are unknown. The objective was to estimate major bleeding risk and mortality among new users of antiplatelet drugs in real-world clinical practice. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A population-based prospective cohort using the French national health data system (SNIIRAM), identified 69,911 adults living within five well-defined geographical areas, who were new users of antiplatelet drugs in 2013-2015 and who had not received any antithrombotics in 2012. Among them, 63,600 started a monotherapy and 6,311 a dual regimen. Clinical data for all adults referred for bleeding was collected from all emergency departments within these areas, and medically validated. Databases were linked using common key variables. The main outcome measure was time to major bleeding (GI, ICH and other bleedings). Secondary outcomes were death, and event-free survival (EFS). Hazard ratios (HR) were derived from adjusted Cox proportional hazard models. We used Inverse Propensity of Treatment Weighting as a stratified sensitivity analysis according to the antiplatelet monotherapy indication: primary prevention without cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, with CV risk factors, and secondary prevention. We observed 250 (0.36%) major haemorrhages, 81 ICH, 106 GI and 63 other types of bleeding. Incidences were twice as high in dual therapy as in monotherapy. Compared to low-dose aspirin (≤ 100 mg daily), high-dose (> 100 up to 325 mg daily) was associated with an increased risk of ICH (HR = 1.80, 95%CI 1.10 to 2.95). EFS was improved by high-dose compared to low-dose aspirin (1.41, 1.04 to 1.90 and 1.32, 1.03 to 1.68) and clopidogrel (1.30, 0.73 to 2.3 and 1.7, 1.24 to 2.34) respectively in primary prevention with and without CV risk factors. CONCLUSION: The incidence of major bleeding and mortality was low. In monotherapy, low-dose aspirin was the safest therapeutic option whatever the indication. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02886533.


Assuntos
Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/mortalidade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/mortalidade , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Hemorragias Intracranianas/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragias Intracranianas/epidemiologia , Hemorragias Intracranianas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Clin Neurosci ; 78: 91-96, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624366

RESUMO

Predicting the effectiveness of antiplatelet drugs is critical to precision antiplatelet therapy. However, there is a lack of an acceptable method, although there are a variety of methods for detecting platelet function. In this study, we compared three major platelet function tests to assess their performance and found better methods for platelet function evaluation after aspirin or clopidogrel treatment in ischemic stroke patients by comparative study. A total of 249 ischemic stroke patients were enrolled who were treated with aspirin or clopidogrel or both. Three platelet function tests including light transmittance aggregometry (LTA), thromboelastography (TEG), platelet function analyzer (PFA) were performed as well as CYP2C19 genotype determination. Correlation analyses and kappa statistics were used. All three methods were effective in evaluating aspirin function. However, only LTA and TEG had good correlation and consistency (r = -0.37, kappa = 0.634). TEG-ADP was the least sensitive for clopidogrel, as the platelet inhibition ratio did not differ between the clopidogrel-user group and the control (P = 0.074), while LTA and PFA were sensitive (P < 0.001). Correlations between platelet assays were poor for clopidogrel (the absolute value of r range from 0.13 to 0.35) and so was the agreement (Kappa from 0.232 to 0.314). LTA and PFA have a good correlation with CYP2C19 genotyping (P = 0.034 and 0.014). In conclusion, all three tests were able to evaluate aspirin effect, LTA-AA and TEG-AA had a good correlation. TEG perform badly for clopidogrel effect detection. The fair-to-modest agreement among assays indicated further study was indispensable.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Isquemia Encefálica/sangue , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Tromboelastografia/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Função Plaquetária/métodos , Testes de Função Plaquetária/normas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboelastografia/efeitos dos fármacos , Tromboelastografia/métodos
13.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(6): e008649, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Even among biomarker-negative patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), periprocedural thrombotic and bleeding complications can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Whether stronger platelet inhibition by an intensified oral loading strategy (ILS) before PCI impacts on outcomes among these patients in contemporary practice remains unclear. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, assessor-blinded trial tested the hypothesis that in elective PCI prasugrel 60 mg (ILS) is superior to standard loading strategy with clopidogrel 600 mg regarding a composite primary end point of all-cause death, any myocardial infarction, definite/probable stent thrombosis, stroke, or urgent vessel revascularization. After PCI, all patients were on clopidogrel 75 mg/day and aspirin. The trial was terminated prematurely because of slower-than-expected recruitment and funding discontinuation. RESULTS: Of 781 patients included in the final analysis, 382 were assigned to ILS and 399 to standard loading strategy. At 30 days, the primary end point occurred in 66 patients (17.3%) assigned to ILS and 74 patients (18.6%) assigned to standard loading strategy (odds ratio, 0.92 [95% CI, 0.63-1.32]; P=0.64). Any myocardial infarction and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium ≥2 bleeding rates were similar among ILS and standard loading strategy groups 16.2% versus 17.5%, odds ratio, 0.91 (95% CI, 0.62-1.32), P=0.62 and 4.2% versus 4.8%, odds ratio 0.87 (95% CI, 0.44-1.73), P=0.70, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In biomarker-negative stable and unstable angina patients undergoing elective PCI, the trial did not find a conclusive difference in efficacy or safety. This observation should be interpreted in the context of wide CIs and premature termination of the trial. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02548611.


Assuntos
Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Trombose Coronária/prevenção & controle , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Idoso , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Trombose Coronária/mortalidade , Esquema de Medicação , Término Precoce de Ensaios Clínicos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/efeitos adversos , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(19): e19969, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384446

RESUMO

Although previous clinical trials demonstrated that ticagrelor could reduce cardiovascular events and mortality versus clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the real-world evidence of its clinical impacts on East Asian Diabetic population has rarely been investigated.Between November 2013 and June 2015, 1534 patients were recruited into the Acute Coronary Syndrome-Diabetes Mellitus Registry of the Taiwan Society of Cardiology (TSOC ACS-DM registry). After propensity score matching, a total of 730 patients undergoing successful revascularization and discharged on ticagrelor (N = 365) or clopidogrel (N = 365) were analyzed. The primary and secondary endpoints were all-cause mortality and re-hospitalization, respectively. The all-cause death associated with ticagrelor vs clopidogrel was 3.6% vs 7.4% (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.34 [0.15-0.80]; P = .0138) at 24 months. The re-hospitalization rate at 24 months was 38.9% vs 39.2% (P = .3258).For diabetic patients with ACS, ticagrelor provided better survival benefit than clopidogrel without an increase of re-hospitalization in 24 months after successful percutaneous coronary intervention. This study in real-world circumstance provided valuable complementary data to externally validate platelet inhibition and patient outcomes (PLATO) finding especially in Asian diabetic population.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Clopidogrel , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Ticagrelor , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Pontuação de Propensão , Sistema de Registros , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Prevenção Secundária/estatística & dados numéricos , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Ticagrelor/administração & dosagem , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(4): e202004, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239221

RESUMO

Importance: Prasugrel was approved at a lower dose in 2014 in Japan than in the West because East Asian patients are considered more susceptible to bleeding than Western patients. However, real-world outcomes with low-dose prasugrel treatment remain unclear. Objective: To investigate the association of low-dose prasugrel vs standard-dose clopidogrel administration with short-term outcomes among patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Design, Setting, and Participants: This study used data from the Japan Cardiovascular Database-Keio Interhospital Cardiovascular Studies registry, a large, ongoing, multicenter, retrospective cohort of consecutive patients who underwent PCI. The present cohort study evaluated 2770 patients with acute coronary syndrome who underwent PCI and received either low-dose prasugrel (loading dose, 20 mg; maintenance dose, 3.75 mg) or clopidogrel (loading dose, 300 mg; maintenance dose, 75 mg) in combination with aspirin between 2014 and 2018. Propensity score-matching analysis was conducted to balance the baseline characteristics of patients receiving low-dose prasugrel and those receiving clopidogrel. Data analysis was conducted in June 2019. Exposures: Prescription of either low-dose prasugrel or standard-dose clopidogrel prior to PCI. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary ischemic events (in-hospital death, recurrent myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke) and primary bleeding events, defined as bleeding complications within 72 hours after PCI consistent with the National Cardiovascular Data Registry CathPCI Registry definition. Results: Of 2559 patients included in the study, the mean (SD) age was 67.8 (12.7) years, and 78.2% were male. In total, 1297 patients (50.7%) received low-dose prasugrel, and 1262 patients (49.3%) received clopidogrel. After propensity score matching, primary ischemic events among patients receiving low-dose prasugrel and those receiving clopidogrel were comparable (odds ratio [OR], 1.42; 95% CI, 0.90-2.23), but primary bleeding events were significantly higher among patients receiving prasugrel (OR, 2.91; 95% CI, 1.63-5.18). This increase in bleeding events was associated with the presence of a profile of high-bleeding risk (≥75 years of age, body weight <60 kg, or history of stroke or transient ischemic attack) (OR, 4.08; 95% CI, 1.86-8.97), being female (OR, 3.84; 95% CI, 1.05-14.0), or the presence of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (OR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.05-4.09) or chronic kidney disease (OR, 4.78; 95% CI, 1.95-11.7). Conclusions and Relevance: Since its approval, low-dose prasugrel has been used by nearly 80% of patients who undergo PCI. Despite the modified dose, bleeding events were higher among patients receiving low-dose prasugrel than among patients receiving clopidogrel, with no difference in ischemic events between the 2 groups. These results suggest the importance of a risk assessment of bleeding prior to selecting a P2Y12 inhibitor, even for the use of a lower approved dose, when treating patients of East Asian descent.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/efeitos adversos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Isquemia Encefálica/induzido quimicamente , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Morte , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/induzido quimicamente , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/uso terapêutico , Sistema de Registros , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
17.
Angiology ; 71(8): 704-712, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295386

RESUMO

This retrospective study assessed the risk factors for adverse events following off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). Records (between 2013 and 2017) were reviewed for patients who discontinued DAPT (clopidogrel 75 mg and aspirin 100 mg) ≤5 days before off-pump CABG. The primary outcome was the incidence of a Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 4 major event. Factors associated with bleeding events and perioperative myocardial ischemia were evaluated using multivariable logistic regression. The incidence of major bleeding events was 17.6% in 2012 patients. Adjusted multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of postoperative bleeding increased when DAPT was discontinued <3 days before surgery (day 2: adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 1.70, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09-2.64; day 1: adjusted OR: 2.37, 95% CI: 1.49-3.77; day 0: adjusted OR: 2.45, 95% CI: 1.53-3.92). The adjusted risk of mortality (OR: 13.14, 95% CI: 4.55-37.94) was increased with bleeding complications. In subgroup analysis, perioperative myocardial ischemia was related to increased blood loss (adjusted OR: 1.10, 95% CI: 1.02-1.18). Aspirin and clopidogrel should optimally be discontinued >3 days before CABG to reduce the risk of bleeding complications, myocardial ischemia, and death.


Assuntos
Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Pequim/epidemiologia , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hemorragia/mortalidade , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Isquemia Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 109, 2020 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) require effective antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Ticagrelor has more pronounced platelet inhibition than clopidogrel. However, the most appropriate dose of ticagrelor in East Asian populations remains unclear. METHOD: We compared ticagrelor (180 mg loading dose, 90 mg twice daily thereafter and 120 mg loading dose, 60 mg twice daily thereafter) and clopidogrel (300 mg loading dose, 75 mg daily thereafter) for prevention of cardiovascular events in 525patients with CTO undergoing PCI. RESULTS: The rate of in-hospital major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCE) was not different between the groups. At 1-year follow-up, target vessel revascularization (TVR) in both ticagrelor groups were significantly lower than that in the clopidogrel group (p = 0.047); TVR was significantly decreased in 60 mg ticagrelor compared to standard dose clopidogrel (p = 0.046). At 1-year follow-up, overall MACCE in both ticagrelor groups were significantly lower than that in the clopidogrel group (p = 0.023). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed MACCE-free survival was significantly higher in both ticagrelor groups than in the clopidogrel group (p = 0.024). During hospitalization, minor bleeding was significant increased in the 90 mg ticagrelor group (p = 0.021). At 1-year follow-up, risk of major and minor bleeding were significantly increased in the 90 mg ticagrelor group. CONCLUSION: In East Asian patients with CTO undergoing PCI, 60 mg ticagrelor was as effective as 90 mg, at the same time significantly reduced risk of bleeding.


Assuntos
Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Oclusão Coronária/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Ticagrelor/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Coronária/etnologia , Oclusão Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(9): e19247, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118730

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The capsular warning syndrome (CWS) is a rare and special type of transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) syndrome. The pathophysiology of CWS is very complicate, and intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) is rare cause. Moreover, the effective and standard therapy has not yet been established. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 47-year-old man experienced repeated and exacerbated TIAs of right hemiparesis and dysarthria. Fourteen hours after the first episode of TIAs, he developed more severe right hemiparesis and dysarthria, the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 12 points, and did not recover in a long time. DIAGNOSIS: The computed tomography (CT) angiography displayed high stenosis in the M1 segment of the left middle cerebral artery. The patient was diagnosed as CWS with ICAS. INTERVENTIONS: Loading dose of clopidogrel and aspirin were started but were ineffective, then we used recombinant tissue plasminogen (r-tPA) for thrombolysis therapy after repeat CT scan that showed small acute infarcts in the right putamen and no bleeding. OUTCOMES: The patient was successfully treated by r-tPA intravenous thrombolysis after loading dose of dual-anti-platelet. He recovered rapidly, and the NIHSS score was 0 point, modified Rankin Scale score was 0 point, and Barthel Index score was 100 points at 3-month follow-up. LESSONS: r-tPA combined with loading dose of dual antiplatelet appears safe and effective in carefully selected CWS patients with ICAS. The collection of similar cases and further randomized controlled trial research would be desirable.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/tratamento farmacológico , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/tratamento farmacológico , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/complicações , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/complicações , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/administração & dosagem , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/uso terapêutico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 56(3)2020 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32121323

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Little is known about the upfront two-stent strategy (U2SS) for true coronary bifurcation lesions (CBLs) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We aimed to present our two-year follow-up results on the U2SS by using different two-stent techniques for the true CBL with a large side branch (SB) in ACS patients, including unstable angina (UA), non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and to identify independent predictors of the presence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) after intervention. Materials and Methods: The study included 201 consecutive ACS patients with true CBLs who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using U2SS from October 2015 to March 2018. Clinical outcomes at follow-up were assessed. MACE was defined as a composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization (TLR). Results: 31.3% of the patients had an UA, 46.3% had an NSTEMI, and 22.4% had an STEMI. CBL was most frequently located in the left anterior descending (LAD)/diagonal artery (59.2%). In total, 71.1% of the patients had a Medina classification (1,1,1). Overall, 62.2% of cases were treated with mini-crush stenting. Clopidogrel was given in 23.9% of the patients; 71.1% of the patients received everolimus eluting stent (EES); and 11.9% received a sirolimus eluting stent (SES). Final kissing balloon inflation was carried out in all patients, with an unsatisfactory rate of 5%. A proximal optimization technique sequence was successfully carried out in all patients. The MACE incidence was 16.9% with a median follow-up period of 2.1 years. There were seven cardiac deaths (3.5%). The TLR rate was 13.4% (n = 27), with PCI treatment in 16 patients, and coronary artery bypass grafting treatment in 11 patients. After multivariate penalized logistic regression analysis (Firth logistic regression), clopidogrel use (odds ratio (OR): 2.19; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.41-2.51; p = 0.007) and SES use (OR: 1.86; 95% CI: 0.31-2.64; p = 0.014) were independent predictors of the presence of MACE. Conclusion: U2SS is feasible and safe for the true CBLs with large and diseased SB in ACS patients, and is related to a relatively low incidence of MACE. Clopidogrel use and SES use may predict the MACE development in ACS patients treated using U2SS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Angina Instável/etiologia , Angina Instável/mortalidade , Angina Instável/terapia , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
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