Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.902
Filtrar
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(12): e25154, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761685

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: During last decade, bioinformatics analysis has provided an effective way to study the relationship between various genes and biological processes. In this study, we aimed to identify potential core candidate genes and underlying mechanisms of progression of lung and gastric carcinomas which both originated from endoderm. The expression profiles, GSE54129 (gastric carcinoma) and GSE27262 (lung carcinoma), were collected from GEO database. One hundred eleven patients with gastric carcinoma and 21 health people were included in this research. Meanwhile, there were 25 lung carcinoma patients. Then, 75 differentially expressed genes were selected via GEO2R online tool and Venn software, including 31 up-regulated genes and 44 down-regulated genes. Next, we used Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery and Metascpe software to analyze Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genome pathway and gene ontology. Furthermore, Cytoscape software and MCODE App were performed to construct complex of these differentially expressed genes . Twenty core genes were identified, which mainly enriched in extracellular matrix-receptor interaction, focal adhesion, and PI3K-Akt pathway (P < .01). Finally, the significant difference of gene expression between cancer tissues and normal tissues in both lung and gastric carcinomas was examined by Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis database. Twelve candidate genes with positive statistical significance (P < .01), COMP CTHRC1 COL1A1 SPP1 COL11A1 COL10A1 CXCL13 CLDN3 CLDN1 matrix metalloproteinases 7 ADAM12 PLAU, were picked out to further analysis. The Kaplan-Meier plotter website was applied to examine relationship among these genes and clinical outcomes. We found 4 genes (ADAM12, SPP1, COL1A1, COL11A1) were significantly associated with poor prognosis in both lung and gastric carcinoma patients (P  < .05). In conclusion, these candidate genes may be potential therapeutic targets for cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biologia Computacional , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Proteína ADAM12/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo XI/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Análise em Microsséries , Osteopontina/genética , Prognóstico , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas
2.
Molecules ; 26(4)2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33672678

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a lethal, agnogenic interstitial lung disease with limited therapeutic options. To investigate vital genes involved in the development of IPF, we integrated and compared four expression profiles (GSE110147, GSE53845, GSE24206, and GSE10667), including 87 IPF samples and 40 normal samples. By reanalyzing these datasets, we managed to identify 62 upregulated genes and 20 downregulated genes in IPF samples compared with normal samples. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were analyzed by gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis to illustrate relevant pathways of IPF, biological processes, molecular function, and cell components. The DEGs were then subjected to protein-protein interaction (PPI) for network analysis, serving to find 11 key candidate genes (ANXA3, STX11, THBS2, MMP1, MMP9, MMP7, MMP10, SPP1, COL1A1, ITGB8, IGF1). The result of RT-qPCR and immunohistochemical staining verified our finding as well. In summary, we identified 11 key candidate genes related to the process of IPF, which may contribute to novel treatments of IPF.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Anexina A3/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Cadeias beta de Integrinas/genética , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/genética , Osteopontina/genética , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteínas Qa-SNARE/genética , Trombospondinas/genética
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(1)2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406681

RESUMO

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heritable disorder that mainly affects the skeleton. The inheritance is mostly autosomal dominant and associated to mutations in one of the two genes, COL1A1 and COL1A2, encoding for the type I collagen α chains. According to more than 1500 described mutation sites and to outcome spanning from very mild cases to perinatal-lethality, OI is characterized by a wide genotype/phenotype heterogeneity. In order to identify common affected molecular-pathways and disease biomarkers in OI probands with different mutations and lethal or surviving phenotypes, primary fibroblasts from dominant OI patients, carrying COL1A1 or COL1A2 defects, were investigated by applying a Tandem Mass Tag labeling-Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (TMT LC-MS/MS) proteomics approach and bioinformatic tools for comparative protein-abundance profiling. While no difference in α1 or α2 abundance was detected among lethal (type II) and not-lethal (type III) OI patients, 17 proteins, with key effects on matrix structure and organization, cell signaling, and cell and tissue development and differentiation, were significantly different between type II and type III OI patients. Among them, some non-collagenous extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins (e.g., decorin and fibrillin-1) and proteins modulating cytoskeleton (e.g., nestin and palladin) directly correlate to the severity of the disease. Their defective presence may define proband-failure in balancing aberrances related to mutant collagen.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Osteogênese Imperfeita/metabolismo , Osteogênese Imperfeita/patologia , Proteoma/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Pré-Escolar , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mutação , Osteogênese Imperfeita/genética , Proteoma/metabolismo
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(2)2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33451138

RESUMO

We report on a patient born to consanguineous parents, presenting with Growth Hormone Deficiency (GHD) and osteoporosis. SNP-array analysis and exome sequencing disclosed long contiguous stretches of homozygosity and two distinct homozygous variants in HESX1 (Q6H) and COL1A1 (E1361K) genes. The HESX1 variant was described as causative in a few subjects with an incompletely penetrant dominant form of combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD). The COL1A1 variant is rare, and so far it has never been found in a homozygous form. Segregation analysis showed that both variants were inherited from heterozygous unaffected parents. Present results further elucidate the inheritance pattern of HESX1 variants and recommend assessing the clinical impact of variants located in C-terminal propeptide of COL1A1 gene for their potential association with rare recessive and early onset forms of osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Homozigoto , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/deficiência , Mutação , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Osteoporose/etiologia , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Colágeno Tipo I/química , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Facies , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/química , Humanos , Hipopituitarismo/complicações , Hipopituitarismo/genética , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Modelos Moleculares , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Radiografia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(2)2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430241

RESUMO

Several types of 3-dimensional (3D) biological matrices are employed for clinical and surgical applications, but few indications are available to guide surgeons in the choice among these materials. Here we compare the in vitro growth of human primary fibroblasts on different biological matrices commonly used for clinical and surgical applications and the activation of specific molecular pathways over 30 days of growth. Morphological analyses by Scanning Electron Microscopy and proliferation curves showed that fibroblasts have different ability to attach and proliferate on the different biological matrices. They activated similar gene expression programs, reducing the expression of collagen genes and myofibroblast differentiation markers compared to fibroblasts grown in 2D. However, differences among 3D matrices were observed in the expression of specific metalloproteinases and interleukin-6. Indeed, cell proliferation and expression of matrix degrading enzymes occur in the initial steps of interaction between fibroblast and the investigated meshes, whereas collagen and interleukin-6 expression appear to start later. The data reported here highlight features of fibroblasts grown on different 3D biological matrices and warrant further studies to understand how these findings may be used to help the clinicians choose the correct material for specific applications.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Dermatopatias/cirurgia , Pele/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Matriz Extracelular/genética , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibronectinas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Metaloproteases/genética , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Miofibroblastos/citologia , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Cultura Primária de Células , Pele/metabolismo , Dermatopatias/metabolismo
6.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2225: 217-226, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108665

RESUMO

Immune modulators play critical roles in the progression of wounds to normal or conversely delayed healing, through the regulation of normal tissue regrowth, scarring, inflammation, and growth factor expression. Many immune modulator recombinants are under active preclinical study or in clinical trial to promote improved acute or chronic wound healing and to reduce scarring. Viruses have evolved highly efficient immune modulators for the evasion of host-defensive immune responses that target and kill invasive viruses. Recent studies have proven that some of these virus-derived immune modulators can be used to promote wound healing with significantly improved speed and reduced scarring in rodent models. Mouse full-thickness excisional wound model is one of the most commonly used animal models used to study wound healing for its similarity to humans in the healing phases and associated cellular and molecular mechanisms. This chapter introduces this mouse dermal wound healing model in detail for application in studying viral immune modulators as new treatments to promote wound healing. Details of hydrogel, protein construction, and topical application methods for these therapeutic proteins are provided in this chapter.


Assuntos
Cicatriz/prevenção & controle , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Myxoma virus/química , Ferida Cirúrgica/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Virais/farmacologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Cutânea , Animais , Quitosana/química , Cicatriz/genética , Cicatriz/imunologia , Cicatriz/patologia , Colágeno Tipo I/biossíntese , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Hidrogéis/química , Fatores Imunológicos/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/lesões , Ferida Cirúrgica/genética , Ferida Cirúrgica/imunologia , Ferida Cirúrgica/patologia , Proteínas Virais/imunologia , Cicatrização/imunologia
7.
Mutat Res ; 786: 108339, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339581

RESUMO

As a complex disease, osteoporosis is influenced by several genetic markers. Many studies have examined the link between the Sp1 binding site +1245 G > T (rs1800012) and -1997 G > T (rs1107946) variations in the COL1A1 gene with osteoporosis risk. However, the findings of these studies have been contradictory; therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to aggregate additional information and obtain increased statistical power to more efficiently estimate this correlation. A meta-analysis was conducted with studies published between 1991-2020 that were identified by a systematic electronic search of the Scopus and Clarivate Analytics databases. Studies with bone mineral density (BMD) data and complete genotypes of the single-nucleotide variations (SNVs) for the overall and postmenopausal female population were included in this meta-analysis and analyzed using the R metaphor package. A relationship between rs1800012 and significantly decreased BMD values at the lumbar spine and femoral neck was found in individuals carrying the "ss" versus the "SS" genotype in the overall population according to a random effects model (p < 0.0001). Similar results were also found in the postmenopausal female population (p = 0.003 and 0.0002, respectively). Such findings might be an indication of increased osteoporosis risk in both studied groups in individuals with the "ss" genotype. Although no association was identified between the -1997 G > T and low BMD in the overall population, those individuals with the "GT" genotype showed a higher level of BMD than those with "GG" in the subgroup analysis (p = 0.007). To determine which transcription factor (TF) might bind to the -1997 G > T in COL1A1, 45 TFs were identified based on bioinformatics predictions. According to the GSE35958 microarray dataset, 16 of 45 TFs showed differential expression profiles in osteoporotic human mesenchymal stem cells relative to normal samples from elderly donors. By identifying candidate TFs for the -1997 G > T site, our study offers a new perspective for future research.


Assuntos
Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Biologia Computacional , Osteoporose/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/genética , Sítios de Ligação , Densidade Óssea/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Risco , Transcriptoma
8.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0242640, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373386

RESUMO

To examine the differential mechanobiological responses of specific resident tendon cells, we developed an in vivo model of whole-body irradiation followed by injection of either tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSCs) expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP-TSCs) or mature tenocytes expressing GFP (GFP-TNCs) into the patellar tendons of wild type C57 mice. Injected mice were subjected to short term (3 weeks) treadmill running, specifically moderate treadmill running (MTR) and intensive treadmill running (ITR). In MTR mice, both GFP-TSC and GFP-TNC injected tendons maintained normal cell morphology with elevated expression of tendon related markers collagen I and tenomodulin. In ITR mice injected with GFP-TNCs, cells also maintained an elongated shape similar to the shape found in normal/untreated control mice, as well as elevated expression of tendon related markers. However, ITR mice injected with GFP-TSCs showed abnormal changes, such as cell morphology transitioning to a round shape, elevated chondrogenic differentiation, and increased gene expression of non-tenocyte related genes LPL, Runx-2, and SOX-9. Increased gene expression data was supported by immunostaining showing elevated expression of SOX-9, Runx-2, and PPARγ. This study provides evidence that while MTR maintains tendon homeostasis by promoting the differentiation of TSCs into TNCs, ITR causes the onset of tendinopathy development by inducing non-tenocyte differentiation of TSCs, which may eventually lead to the formation of non-tendinous tissues in tendon tissue after long term mechanical overloading conditions on the tendon.


Assuntos
Condrócitos/citologia , Células-Tronco/citologia , Tendinopatia/patologia , Tendões/patologia , Tenócitos/citologia , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Forma Celular , Rastreamento de Células , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Lipase Lipoproteica/genética , Lipase Lipoproteica/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , PPAR gama/genética , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Condicionamento Físico Animal/efeitos adversos , Corrida , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Tendinopatia/etiologia , Tendinopatia/genética , Tendinopatia/metabolismo , Tendões/metabolismo , Tenócitos/metabolismo
9.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244065, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332475

RESUMO

Tissue fibrosis is a significant health issue associated with organ dysfunction and failure. Increased deposition of collagen and other extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in the interstitial area is a major process in tissue fibrosis. The microRNA-29 (miR-29) family has been demonstrated as anti-fibrotic microRNAs. Our recent work showed that dysregulation of miR-29 contributes to the formation of cardiac fibrosis in animal models of uremic cardiomyopathy, whereas replenishing miR-29 attenuated cardiac fibrosis in these animals. However, excessive overexpression of miR-29 is a concern because microRNAs usually have multiple targets, which could result in unknown and unexpected side effect. In the current study, we constructed a novel Col1a1-miR-29b vector using collagen 1a1 (Col1a1) promoter, which can strategically express miR-29b-3p (miR-29b) in response to increased collagen synthesis and reach a dynamic balance between collagen and miR-29b. Our experimental results showed that in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF cells) transfected with Col1a1-miR-29b vector, the miR-29b expression is about 1000 times less than that in cells transfected with CMV-miR-29b vector, which uses cytomegalovirus (CMV) as a promoter for miR-29b expression. Moreover, TGF-ß treatment increased the miR-29b expression by about 20 times in cells transfected with Col1a1-miR-29b, suggesting a dynamic response to fibrotic stimulation. Western blot using cell lysates and culture media demonstrated that transfection of Col1a1-miR-29b vector significantly reduced TGF-ß induced collagen synthesis and secretion, and the effect was as effective as the CMV-miR-29b vector. Using RNA-sequencing analysis, we found that 249 genes were significantly altered (180 upregulated and 69 downregulated, at least 2-fold change and adjusted p-value <0.05) after TGF-ß treatment in MEF cells transfected with empty vector. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis using GAGE R-package showed that the top 5 upregulated pathways after TGF-ß treatment were mostly fibrosis-related, including focal adhesion, ECM reaction, and TGF-ß signaling pathways. As expected, transfection of Col1a1-miR-29b or CMV-miR-29b vector partially reversed the activation of these pathways. We also analyzed the expression pattern of the top 100 miR-29b targeting genes in these cells using the RNA-sequencing data. We identified that miR-29b targeted a broad spectrum of ECM genes, but the inhibition effect is mostly moderate. In summary, our work demonstrated that the Col1a1-miR-29b vector can be used as a dynamic regulator of collagen and other ECM protein expression in response to fibrotic stimulation, which could potentially reduce unnecessary side effect due to excessive miR-29b levels while remaining an effective potential therapeutic approach for fibrosis.


Assuntos
Embrião de Mamíferos/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , RNA-Seq , Animais , Colágeno Tipo I/biossíntese , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Embrião de Mamíferos/patologia , Matriz Extracelular/genética , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Fibroblastos/patologia , Fibrose , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética
10.
Phytomedicine ; 78: 153294, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatic fibrosis is considered integral to the progression of chronic liver diseases, as it leads to the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the dominant event in hepatic fibrogenesis. The transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) and Yes-associated protein (YAP) pathways play a pivotal role in HSC activation, hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis progression. Therefore, targeting the TGF-ß/Smad and YAP signaling pathways is a promising strategy for antifibrotic therapy. PURPOSE: The present study investigated the protective effects of Physalin D (PD), a withanolide isolated from Physalis species (Solanaceae), against liver fibrosis and further elucidated the mechanisms involved in vitro and in vivo. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: We conducted a series of experiments using carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)- and bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced fibrotic mice and cultured LX-2 cells. Serum markers of liver injury, and the morphology, histology and fibrosis of liver tissue were investigated. Western blot assays and quantitative real-time PCR were used to investigate the mechanisms underlying the antifibrotic effects of PD. RESULT: PD decreased TGF-ß1-induced COL1A1 promoter activity. PD inhibited TGF-ß1-induced expression of Collagen I and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in human hepatic stellate LX-2 cells. PD significantly ameliorated hepatic injury, including transaminase activities, histology, collagen deposition and α-SMA, in CCl4- or BDL-induced mice. Moreover, PD markedly decreased the expression of phosphorylated Smad2/3 in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, PD significantly decreased YAP protein levels, and YAP knockdown did not further enhance the effects of PD, namely α-SMA inhibition, Collagen I expression and YAP target gene expression in LX-2 cells. CONCLUSION: These results clearly show that PD ameliorated experimental liver fibrosis by inhibiting the TGF-ß/Smad and YAP signaling pathways, indicating that PD has the potential to effectively treat liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Secoesteroides/farmacologia , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Actinas/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Tetracloreto de Carbono/toxicidade , Células Cultivadas , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Células Estreladas do Fígado/patologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1
11.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(3): H651-H660, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795172

RESUMO

Although increased predisposition to cardiac fibrosis and cardiac dysfunction has been demonstrated in the perinatally nicotine-exposed heart, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. With the use of a well-established rat model and cultured primary neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts, the effect of perinatal nicotine exposure on offspring heart extracellular matrix deposition and the likely underlying mechanisms were investigated. Perinatal nicotine exposure resulted in increased collagen type I (COL1A1) and III (COL3A1) deposition along with a decrease in miR-29 family and an increase in long noncoding RNA myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT) levels in offspring heart. Nicotine treatment of isolated primary neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts suggested that these effects were mediated via nicotinic acetylcholine receptors including α7 and the induced collagens accumulation was reversed by a gain-of function of miR-29 family. Knockdown of MIAT resulted in increased miR-29 family and decreased COL1A1 and COL3A1 levels, suggesting nicotine-mediated MIAT induction as the underlying mechanism for nicotine-induced collagen deposition. Luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation studies showed an intense physical interaction between MIAT, miR-29 family, and argonaute 2, corroborating the mechanistic link between perinatal nicotine exposure and increased extracellular matrix deposition. Overall, perinatal nicotine exposure resulted in lower miR-29 family levels in offspring heart, while it elevated cardiac MIAT and collagen type I and III levels. These findings provide mechanistic basis for cardiac dysfunction in perinatal nicotine-exposed offspring and offer multiple novel potential therapeutic targets.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Using an established rat model and cultured primary neonatal cardiac fibroblasts, we show that nicotine mediated MIAT induction as the underlying mechanism for the excessive cardiac collagen deposition. These observations provide mechanistic basis for the increased predisposition to cardiac dysfunction following perinatal cigarette/nicotine exposure and offer novel potential therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Nicotina/toxicidade , Agonistas Nicotínicos/toxicidade , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Fatores Etários , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Células Cultivadas , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo III/genética , Colágeno Tipo III/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Feminino , Fibroblastos/patologia , Fibrose , Idade Gestacional , Cardiopatias/genética , Cardiopatias/metabolismo , Cardiopatias/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Nicotina/administração & dosagem , Agonistas Nicotínicos/administração & dosagem , Gravidez , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
12.
Gene ; 761: 145024, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32755659

RESUMO

Understanding how various pathologies of breast cancer respond to their environment may be imperative in the creation of novel therapeutic targets. Central to the organisation and behaviour of cells within the tumour microenvironment is the extracellular matrix (ECM), a meshwork of fibrous proteins and glycoproteins that directly influences cell behaviour and the bioavailability of signalling molecules. Our appreciation on how the composition of the ECM can influence cancer behaviour has evolved significantly and although we are highly cognisant of the dramatic impact the ECM can have on cancer cell behaviour, we continue to neglect this during diagnosis and treatment. In the following study, we aimed to identify how three breast cancer cell lines respond functionally and genetically to common components of the ECM. Using real time and end point assays we have identified similar patterns of behaviour among the three breast cancer cell lines in response to commonly found ECM components of the breast. Using a selected gene panel, we have been able to identify cell line specific changes in gene differentiation when breast cancer cells are in contact with these elements. Although the response of our cells to these elements differ at the genetic level, their functional responses are consistent. This work adds to the growing arguments that highlight a need for histologically assessing ECM composition of breast tumours. In particular monitoring of fibrous protein deposition at the site of malignancy could provide critical information during clinical assessment influencing disease prognosis and treatment decisions for breast cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Colágeno/genética , Fibronectinas/genética , Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Colágeno/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Genótipo , Glicoproteínas/genética , Humanos , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais , Microambiente Tumoral
13.
Prostate ; 80(13): 1087-1096, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer worldwide. Tumor microenvironment is composed of activated fibroblasts, the so called carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). They express high levels of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and type I collagen (COL1), and support proliferation and migration of tumor epithelial cells. Extracorporeal shock waves (ESWs), acoustic waves, are effective in the treatment of hypertrophic scars, due to their ability to modulate fibrosis. Based on this rationale, the study evaluated the effects of ESWs on CAF activation and the influence of ESW-treated CAFs on the growth and migration of epithelial prostatic carcinoma cells. METHODS: Primary cultures of CAFs (n = 10) were prepared from tumors of patients undergoing surgery for high-risk prostate carcinoma. CAFs were treated with ESWs (energy levels: 0.32 mJ/mm2 , 1000 pulses; 0.59 mJ/mm2 , 250 pulses). After treatment, the messenger RNA and protein levels of the stromal activation markers α-SMA and COL1 were determined. Subsequently, two different stabilized cell lines (PC3 and DU145) of androgen-resistant prostate cancer were treated with the conditioned media produced by ESW-treated CAFs. At different times, viability and migration of PC3 and DU145 cells were evaluated. Viability was also assessed by coculture system using CAFs and PC3 or DU145 cells. RESULTS: ESWs reduced gene expression and protein level of α-SMA and COL1 in CAFs. The treatment of PC3 and DU145 with conditioned media of ESW-treated CAFs determined a reduction of their growth and invasive potential. Coculture systems between ESW-treated CAFs and PC3 or DU145 cells confirmed the epithelial cell number reduction. CONCLUSIONS: This in vitro study demonstrates for the first time that ESWs are able to modulate the activation of prostate CAFs in favor of a less "reactive" stroma, with consequent slowing of the growth and migration of prostate cancer epithelial cells. However, only further studies to be performed in vivo will confirm the possibility of using this new therapy in patients with prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas/métodos , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/terapia , Células Estromais/patologia , Actinas/genética , Actinas/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Técnicas de Cocultura , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Células PC-3 , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/genética , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Células Estromais/metabolismo
14.
Anim Sci J ; 91(1): e13434, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696560

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is a major health concern, which might progress to cirrhosis. To date, treatment trials rely mainly on the removal of the causative factor. The current study investigated the potential ameliorative role of sidr honey on thioacetamide (TAA)-induced liver fibrosis in rats. Forty-eight Wistar albino rats were equally allocated into four groups: control; sidr honey (5g/kg body weight (BW), orally); TAA (200 mg/kg BW, IP three times weekly/15 weeks); and sidr honey plus TAA at the same dose and administration rout. Rats co-treated with sidr honey plus TAA revealed significant reduction in hepatic malondialdehyde, hyaluronic acid (HA), alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, gamma glutamyl transferase, direct bilirubin, and hepatic mRNA expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1 and collagen type I alpha 1 chain (COL1a1) compared to TAA-exposed rats. In addition, the hepatoprotective potential of sidr honey was indicated via improvement of histopathologic picture of hepatocytes and upregulation of total antioxidant capacity, reduced glutathione, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, total protein, and albumin compared to TAA-treated rats. In conclusion, daily administration of sidr honey (5 g/kg BW) is a promising natural antioxidant and fibrosuppressive agent that could ameliorate liver fibrosis via downregulation of fibrosis genes including TGF-ß1 and COL1a1 and HA and via enhancement of antioxidant system.


Assuntos
Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Expressão Gênica , Mel , Ácido Hialurônico/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Fitoterapia , Tioacetamida/efeitos adversos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Ziziphus , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cirrose Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Ratos Wistar
15.
Gene ; 757: 144852, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32599019

RESUMO

Until now, various methods have been introduced to fabricate 3D scaffolds to provide a suitable substrate for cell growth and proliferation and subsequent use in tissue engineering to repair damaged tissues. The 3D scaffolds can simulate the natural cellular microenvironment well. Herein, the decellularized leaf spinach has been used which not only have no problems associated with artificial scaffolds, but they also do not cost significantly. Decellularized scaffolds surface properties were characterized by the investigation of scaffolds surface roughness, hydrophilicity, mechanical properties, size and shape of porosities and specific surface area. In the next step, osteogenic differentiation potential of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells cultured on the scaffold and culture plate (as a control) was evaluated using alizarin staining and calcium content, alkaline phosphatase activity and bone related genes expression assays. The results indicated that the surface properties and shape of scaffold pores were effective in the stem cells binding, growth and proliferation. This higher biocompatibility due to the ideal surface hydrophilicity as well as high specific surface area due to the presence of a rough grid surface ultimately increased the efficiency of stem cell's bone differentiation. Taken together, it can be concluded that the decellularized spinach leaf scaffold, due to its easy availability, low prices and high efficiency, can be considered as a promising potential candidate for use as a proper substrate for stem cell growth and differentiation in bone tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteocalcina/genética , Folhas de Planta/química , Tecidos Suporte/química , Fosfatase Alcalina/genética , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Biomineralização , Cálcio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteocalcina/metabolismo , Spinacia oleracea/química
16.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 223(5): 733.e1-733.e14, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32417359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Uterine leiomyomas, the most common tumors of the female reproductive system, are characterized by excessive deposition of disordered stiff extracellular matrix and fundamental alteration in the mechanical signaling pathways. Specifically, these alterations affect the normal dynamic state of responsiveness to mechanical cues in the extracellular environment. These mechanical cues are converted through integrins, cell membrane receptors, to biochemical signals including cytoskeletal signaling pathways to maintain mechanical homeostasis. Leiomyoma cells overexpress ß1 integrin and other downstream mechanical signaling proteins. We previously reported that simvastatin, an antihyperlipidemic drug, has antileiomyoma effects through cellular, animal model, and epidemiologic studies. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the hypothesis that simvastatin might influence altered mechanotransduction in leiomyoma cells. STUDY DESIGN: This is a laboratory-based experimental study. Primary leiomyoma cells were isolated from 5 patients who underwent hysterectomy at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of the Johns Hopkins University Hospital. Primary and immortalized human uterine leiomyoma cells were treated with simvastatin at increasing concentrations (0.001, 0.01, 0.1, and 1 µM, or control) for 48 hours. Protein and mRNA levels of ß1 integrin and extracellular matrix components involved in mechanical signaling were quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, and immunofluorescence. In addition, we examined the effect of simvastatin on the activity of Ras homolog family member A using pull-down assay and gel contraction. RESULTS: We found that simvastatin significantly reduced the protein expression of ß1 integrin by 44% and type I collagen by 60% compared with untreated leiomyoma cells. Simvastatin-treated cells reduced phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase down to 26%-60% of control, whereas it increased total focal adhesion kinase protein expression. Using a Ras homolog family member A pull-down activation assay, we observed reduced levels of active Ras homolog family member A in simvastatin-treated cells by 45%-85% compared with control. Consistent with impaired Ras homolog family member A activation, simvastatin treatment reduced tumor gel contraction where gel area was 122%-153% larger than control. Furthermore, simvastatin treatment led to reduced levels of mechanical signaling proteins involved in ß1 integrin downstream signaling, such as A-kinase anchor protein 13, Rho-associated protein kinase 1, myosin light-chain kinase, and cyclin D1. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest a possible therapeutic role of simvastatin in restoring the altered state of mechanotransduction signaling in leiomyoma. Collectively, these findings are aligned with previous epidemiologic studies and other reports and support the need for clinical trials.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/farmacologia , Leiomioma/genética , Mecanotransdução Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinvastatina/farmacologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/genética , Proteínas de Ancoragem à Quinase A/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ancoragem à Quinase A/genética , Proteínas de Ancoragem à Quinase A/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo I/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Ciclina D1/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclina D1/genética , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Matriz Extracelular/genética , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Proteína-Tirosina Quinases de Adesão Focal/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína-Tirosina Quinases de Adesão Focal/genética , Proteína-Tirosina Quinases de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Humanos , Integrina beta1/efeitos dos fármacos , Integrina beta1/genética , Integrina beta1/metabolismo , Leiomioma/metabolismo , Mecanotransdução Celular/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/efeitos dos fármacos , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/metabolismo , Quinase de Cadeia Leve de Miosina/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase de Cadeia Leve de Miosina/genética , Quinase de Cadeia Leve de Miosina/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Cultura Primária de Células , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Neoplasias Uterinas/metabolismo , Quinases Associadas a rho/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinases Associadas a rho/genética , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteína rhoA de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
17.
Hum Cell ; 33(3): 894-903, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356243

RESUMO

Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is the most common dermal sarcoma; it is characterized by the presence of the COL1A1-PDGFB translocation, which causes the constitutive activation of the platelet-derived growth factor ß (PDGFB) signaling pathway. DFSP frequently exhibits local recurrence and is refractory to conventional chemotherapy. Therefore, a novel therapeutic strategy is required for improving the prognosis of DFSP. Although patient-derived cell lines are important tools for pre-clinical studies, currently, only a few such cell lines are available for DFSP in cell banks. Here, we report the establishment of a novel DFSP cell line. Using a surgically resected metastatic tumor tissue from a patient with DFSP, we established a cell line called NCC-DFSP3-C1. The NCC-DFSP3-C1 cells had a COL1A1-PDGFB translocation and retained the same copy number aberrations as the original tumor tissue. NCC-DFSP3-C1 cells exhibited constant growth, spheroid formation, and invasive ability. By screening a drug library, we identified anti-cancer agents with inhibitory effects on the proliferation of NCC-DFSP3-C1 cells; these anti-cancer agents included proteasomal, histone deacetylase, and kinase inhibitors. We concluded that the NCC-DFSP3-C1 cell line may serve as a useful tool for performing basic and pre-clinical studies on DFSP.


Assuntos
Dermatofibrossarcoma/genética , Dermatofibrossarcoma/patologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-sis/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-sis/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Translocação Genética
18.
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol ; 318(6): G989-G999, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32363890

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with testosterone deficiency. However, NAFLD patients generally do not respond to treatment with testosterone alone. We investigated the innate immune mechanisms underlying the effects of treatment with testosterone alone, estrogen alone, or combined testosterone and estrogen on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFLD due to testosterone deficiency. Orchiectomized (OCX) male Rag2-/- mice were used as a model of testosterone deficiency. To assess NAFLD severity, NAFLD activity score (NAS) is adopted. Moreover, immunological change was analyzed by multicolor flow cytometry. Treatment with both testosterone and estrogen significantly decreased body weight to that of the sham mice/normal diet (ND). NAS and liver fibrosis in OCX-HFD mice were significantly deteriorated, and treatment with testosterone and estrogen improved same as sham-ND mice. HFD increased the ratio of both type 2 and 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s and ILC3s) to CD45-positive cells in the liver. Treatment with testosterone alone decreased the ratio of ILC2 to CD45 but not the ILC3-to-CD45 ratio. Addition of estrogen to the treatment reduced the ratios of ILC2-to-CD45 and ILC3-to-CD45 to the same level observed in sham-HFD mice. Moreover, OCX-HFD mice had a decreased proportion of M2 macrophages compared with sham-ND mice. Treatment with testosterone alone did not restore the proportion of M2 macrophages; however, combination treatment with both estrogen and testosterone increased that to the same level as that in sham-HFD mice. Treatment with both testosterone and estrogen improves liver fibrosis and decreases ILC3 and increases M2 macrophage abundance in the liver.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with testosterone deficiency. NAFLD patients generally do not respond to treatment with testosterone alone. In animal studies, treatment with testosterone and estrogen reduced the ratios of ILC2:CD45 and ILC3:CD45 and increased M2 macrophages in liver. Our study suggests, based on our immunological data, that a combination of estrogen and testosterone may be clinically relevant for the treatment of NAFLD in patients with male menopause.


Assuntos
Estradiol/farmacologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/prevenção & controle , Testosterona/farmacologia , Aminoácidos , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromo , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Regulação para Baixo , Estradiol/administração & dosagem , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Insulina , Cirrose Hepática , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Ácidos Nicotínicos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Orquiectomia , Células RAW 264.7 , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores CCR2/genética , Receptores CCR2/metabolismo , Testosterona/administração & dosagem , Testosterona/deficiência , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(5): 514-518, 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335875

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical phenotype of six pedigrees affected with osteogenesis imperfecta and their genetic basis. METHODS: Peripheral blood or abortic tissues of the six pedigrees were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. Next generation sequencing (NGS) was carried out to detect pathological variants in the genome. Sanger sequencing was used for validating suspected variant among the six pedigrees and 100 healthy controls. RESULTS: In pedigree 1, the proband and his daughter both carried a heterozygous c.1976G>C variant of COL1A1. The probands in pedigrees 2 to 6 respectively carried heterozygous variants of c.2224G>A of COL1A2, c.2533G>A of COL1A1, c.2845G>A of COL1A2, c.2532_2540del of COL1A1, and c.1847G>A of COL1A2. The same variants were not detected in their parents and the 100 healthy controls. CONCLUSION: Variants of COL1A1/2 gene probably underlie the pathogenesis for osteogenesis imperfecta in these pedigrees. Discovery of the nevol variants has enriched the spectrum of COL1A1/2 gene variants and facilitated genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the affected pedigrees.


Assuntos
Colágeno Tipo I , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Osteogênese Imperfeita , Fenótipo , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Osteogênese Imperfeita/genética , Linhagem , Gravidez
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(5): 523-526, 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335877

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a couple with normal phenotype but repeated pregnancies with fetuses affected by osteogenesis imperfecta. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out on fetal specimens and parental DNA to detect potential pathologic variants. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing. Semen sample of the husband was collected for the extraction of genome DNA, and whole genome amplification (WGA) was performed for single sperms isolated from the sample. RESULTS: WES has identified a heterozygous c.1378G>A (p.G460S) variant of the COL1A2 gene in the fetus, which was predicted to be pathogenic but not detected in peripheral blood samples of both husband and wife. The heterozygotic variant was detected in semen DNA from the husband. Among 15 spermatozoa, 4 were found to harbor the variant. CONCLUSION: The fetus was diagnosed with osteogenesis imperfecta, and the gonadal mosaicism probably accounted for the repeated abnormal pregnancies. Possibility of gonadal mosaicism should be considered when counseling couples with normal phenotype and genotype but recurrent abnormal pregnancies and/or births of children with similar phenotypes and genetic variants.


Assuntos
Colágeno Tipo I , Transtornos Gonadais , Mosaicismo , Osteogênese Imperfeita , Adulto , Criança , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Feminino , Feto , Transtornos Gonadais/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Osteogênese Imperfeita/diagnóstico , Osteogênese Imperfeita/genética , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...