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1.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (50): 271-294, nov. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191358

RESUMO

La pandemia COVID-19 ha generado impactos sociales y políticos adicionales a los estrictamente sanitarios, llevando de un aparte a que los países, en el contexto de los estados de emergencia decretados, limiten de manera temporal algunos derechos y libertades civiles, para preservar la vida y salud de los ciudadanos; y de otra parte, han acelerado la transformación digital con el desarrollo y uso de herramientas tecnológicas para complementar las medidas de salud pública. Diversos organismos internacionales han expresado su preocupación respecto a la vulneración del derecho a la protección de datos personales en este nuevo escenario, e incluso han propuesto lineamientos éticos a tener en cuenta. En este artículo se analizarán las medidas que han sido implementadas en Colombia con ocasión de la COVID-19, desde la perspectiva del marco jurídico del derecho a la protección de datos personales vigente, y como los principios y derechos que lo componen, pueden ser reinterpretados a la luz de estas nuevas recomendaciones éticas


COVID-19 pandemic has generated additional social and political impacts beyond those strictly related to health, leading countries to, within the context of declared states of emergency, temporarily limit some civil rights and liberties in order to preserve their citizen's life and health. On the other hand, it has accelerated the digital transformation with the development and use of technological tools to complement public health measures. Several international organizations have voiced their concern about the violation of the right to personal data protection in this new scenario and have even proposed ethical guidelines to be taken into account. This article will analyses the measures that have been implemented in Colombia during COVID-19 pandemic, from the actual perspective of the legal framework of the right to personal data protection, and how its principles and rights may be reinterpreted in the light of these new ethical recommendations


La pandèmia COVID-19 ha generat impactes socials I polítics addicionals als estrictament sanitaris, portant d'un a part al fet que els països, en el context dels estats d'emergència decretats, limitin de manera temporal alguns drets I llibertats civils, per preservar la vida I salut dels ciutadans; I d'una altra banda, accelerant la transformació digital amb el desenvolupament I l'ús d'eines tecnològiques per complementar les mesures de salut pública. Diversos organismes internacionals han expressat la seva preocupació pel que fa a la vulneració del dret a la protecció de dades personals en aquest nou escenari, I fins I tot han proposat directrius ètiques a tenir en compte. En aquest article s'analitzaran les mesures que han estat implementades a Colòmbia amb motiu de la COVID-19, des de la perspectiva del marc jurídic del dret a la protecció de dades personals vigent, I com els principis I drets que el componen, poden ser reinterpretats a la llum d'aquestes noves recomanacions ètiques


Assuntos
Humanos , Informações Pessoalmente Identificáveis/ética , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/ética , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Colômbia/epidemiologia
2.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; Oct. 4, 2020. 9 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121829

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 153- 04 de octubre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
3.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; Oct. 6, 2020. 31 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121947

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 154 - 06 de octubre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
4.
Chron Respir Dis ; 17: 1479973120962800, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000648

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID pandemic has had a high psychological impact on healthy populations. Increased levels of perceived stress, depression, and insomnia are expected, especially in people with pre-existing medical conditions, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), who seem to be particularly vulnerable. However, the difference in psychological distress frequency between asthma and COPD patients is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of depression, perceived stress related to COVID, post-traumatic stress, and insomnia in asthma and COPD patients at a pulmonology clinic in Santa Marta, Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed. The patients were contacted by telephone. An electronic link was sent to those who accepted. The questionnaire asked for perceived stress related to COVID-19, post-traumatic stress symptoms, depressive symptoms, and insomnia risk. RESULTS: 148 asthma patients and 144 COPD patients participated in, between 18 and 96 years. The prevalence of high COVID-19 perceived stress was 10.6% (n = 31); post-traumatic stress risk, 11.3% (n = 33); depression risk, 31.5% (n = 92); and insomnia risk, 57.7% (n = 169). No significant differences were found between asthma and COPD in indicators of psychological distress. CONCLUSIONS: Asthma and COPD patients present similar frequencies of depression risk, COVID-19 perceived stress, post-traumatic stress risk, and insomnia risk during the Colombian lockdown. It is essential to evaluate and manage psychological distress among asthma and COPD patients. It can reduce the risk of exacerbation and improve the quality of life.


Assuntos
Asma , Infecções por Coronavirus , Depressão , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Qualidade de Vida , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Feminino , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Autoimagem , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/diagnóstico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/etiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
5.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; Oct. 7, 2020. 8 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122279

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 155 - 07 de octubre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
6.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; Oct. 8, 2020. 8 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122280

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 156 - 08 de octubre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
7.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 90, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with diarrheal disease in the rural Caribbean region of Colombia. METHOD: A cross-sectional study conducted in the rural area of the Cesar Department, Colombia, between November 2017 and June 2018. Self-reported cases of diarrheal disease were surveyed, and water samples from 42 households were collected and analyzed. Descriptive statistics were employed in the analysis of socioeconomic status, environmental and sanitary conditions, and we evaluated their association with the diarrheal disease using the Poisson regression models. Each model was adjusted with variables suggested by specific directed acyclic graphs. RESULTS: Poor water supply conditions, hygiene and basic sanitation were reported in the study area. All water samples were classified either as high risk for health problems or unfit for human consumption. The diarrheal disease had a prevalence of 7.5% across all ages and of 23.5% in children under five years old. The variables rainy season (PR = 0.24; 95%CI 0.07-0.85), children under five years old (PR = 4.05; 95%CI 1.70-9.68), water from deep wells (PR = 16.90; 95%CI 2.45-116.67), water from artificial ponds (PR = 11.47; 95%CI 1.27-103.29), toilets availability (PRA = 0.23; 95%CI 0.06-0.96), and swine presence (PR = 0.20; 95%CI 0.05-0.74) were significantly associated with the occurrence of diarrheal disease. CONCLUSION: Water supply, hygiene and basic sanitation conditions have been associated with the diarrheal disease, affecting almost a quarter of the population under five years old. There is an urge for the design of effective policies that improve environmental and sanitation conditions in rural areas.


Assuntos
Diarreia/epidemiologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Lactente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
8.
Colomb Med (Cali) ; 51(2): e4270, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012885

RESUMO

Introduction: The COVID-19 disease pandemic is a health emergency. Older people and those with chronic noncommunicable diseases are more likely to develop serious illnesses, require ventilatory support, and die from complications. Objective: To establish deaths from respiratory infections and some chronic non-communicable diseases that occurred in Cali, before the SARS-CoV-2 disease pandemic. Methods: During the 2003-2019 period, 207,261 deaths were registered according to the general mortality database of the Municipal Secretary of Health of Cali. Deaths were coded with the International Classification of Diseases and causes of death were grouped according to WHO guidelines. Rates were standardized by age and are expressed per 100,000 people-year. Results: A direct relationship was observed between aging and mortality from respiratory infections and chronic non-communicable diseases. Age-specific mortality rates were highest in those older than 80 years for all diseases evaluated. Seasonal variation was evident in respiratory diseases in the elderly. Comments: Estimates of mortality rates from respiratory infections and chronic non-communicable diseases in Cali provide the baseline that will serve as a comparison to estimate the excess mortality caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Health authorities and decision makers should be guided by reliable estimates of mortality and of the proportion of infected people who die from SARS-CoV-2 virus infection.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte/tendências , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Humanos , Doenças não Transmissíveis/mortalidade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Infecções Respiratórias/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Estações do Ano
10.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(10): 617, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880731

RESUMO

The aquatic macroinvertebrate community reflects the ecological status of a river. Typically, some extraction methods have been implemented, but the capture and preservation of organisms are necessary. The techniques of digital image processing applied to ecology have become innovative tools for the characterization of aquatic macroinvertebrates. This research implements a methodology for the processing and classification of four aquatic macroinvertebrates genera Thraulodes, Traverella (Ephemeroptera), Anacroneuria (Plecoptera), and Smicridea (Trichoptera) present in three rivers in Antioquia (Colombia), which includes two phases. The first of these was the collection and capture of organisms to obtain a database of the most abundant genera, at laboratory scale. The second was the use of simulations that allow the classification of data through a process of selection and extraction of characteristics using the bag of visual words technique. Of all the classifiers tested, Gaussian vector support machines obtained a percentage of success in the recognition up method of four organisms to the genus level of 97.1 %. The training and computational processing for classification enabled the standardization of an appropriate methodology that will serve as a starting point for aquatic biomonitoring and inventory in Colombia and internationally.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Invertebrados , Animais , Colômbia , Monitoramento Ambiental , Rios
11.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963218

RESUMO

In December 2019, an acute respiratory disease outbreak from zoonotic origin was detected in the city of Wuhan, China. The outbreak's infectious agent was a type of coronavirus never seen. Thenceforth, the Covid-19 disease has rapidly spread to more than 200 countries around the world. To minimize the devastating effects of the virus, the States have adopted epidemiological measures of various kinds that involved enormous economic expenses and the massive use of the media to explain the measures to the entire population. For the prediction and mitigation of infectious events, various epidemiological models, such as SIR, SEIR, MSIR and MSEIR, are used. Among them, the most widely used is the SIR model, which is based on the analysis of the transition of individuals susceptible to infection (S) to the state of infected individuals that infect (I) and, finally, to that of recovered (cured or deceased) (R), by using differential equations. The objective of this article was the mathematical development of the SIR model and its application to predict the course of the Covid-19 pandemic in the city of Santa Marta (Colombia), in order to understand the reason behind several of the measures of containment adopted by the States of the world in the fight against the pandemic.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Modelos Estatísticos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Cidades , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle
12.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 44, sept. 2020
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52679

RESUMO

Objetivo. Describir las características epidemiológicas, fenotípicas y genéticas de aislamientos clínicos portadores de optrA identificados en la vigilancia de resistencia antimicrobiana por el laboratorio del Instituto Nacional de Salud de Colombia. Métodos. Entre octubre de 2014 y febrero 2019, se recibieron 25 aislamientos de Enterococcus spp. resistentes al linezolid. La identificación y sensibilidad antimicrobiana se determinó con Vitek 2 y la concentración inhibitoria mínima (CIM) al linezolid se estableció con E-test. El gen optrA se detectó mediante PCR. La diversidad genética de aislamientos positivos para optrA se analizó con Diversilab®. Se seleccionaron seis aislamientos para llevar a cabo la secuenciación del genoma completo. Resultados. Se confirmó el gen optrA en 23/25 aislamientos de E. faecalis de siete departamentos de Colombia. Los aislamientos presentaron una CIM al linezolid entre 8 y >256μg/mL. La tipificación por Diversilab® indicó una amplia variabilidad genética. Todos los aislamientos analizados mediante secuenciación del genoma completo, presentaron genes de resistencia fexA, ermB, lsaA, tet(M), tet(L) y dfrG además de optrA y fueron negativos para otros mecanismos de resistencia al linezolid. Se identificaron tres secuencias tipos y tres variantes de optrA: ST16 (optrA-2), ST476 (optrA-5) y ST618 (optrA-6). El entorno genético de los aislamientos optrA-2 (ST16) presentó el segmento impB, fex, optrA, asociado a plásmido, mientras que en dos aislamientos (optrA-6 y optrA-5) se encontró el elemento cromosómico transferible Tn6674-like. Conclusión. Los aislamientos clínicos positivos para optrA presentan una alta diversidad genética, con diferentes clones y variantes de optrA relacionados con dos tipos de estructuras y diferentes elementos genéticos móviles.


Objective. To describe the epidemiological, phenotypical and genetic characteristics of clinical isolates carrying the optrA gene identified in antimicrobial resistance surveillance by the laboratory of the National Institute of Health of Colombia. Methods. Between October 2014 and February 2019, 25 isolates of Enterococcus spp. resistant to linezolid were received. Antimicrobial identification and sensitivity were determined using Vitek 2 and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) to linezolid was established with E-test. The optrA gene was detected by PCR, and the genetic diversity of optrA-positive isolates was tested with Diversilab®. Six isolates were selected to perform whole genome sequencing. Results. The optrA gene was confirmed in 23/25 isolates of E. faecalis from seven departments in Colombia. The isolates presented a MIC to linezolid between 8 and >256μg/mL. Typing by Diversilab® showed a wide genetic variability. All the isolates analyzed by whole genome sequencing showed the resistance genes fexA, ermB, lsaA, tet(M), tet(L) and dfrG in addition to optrA and were negative for other mechanisms of resistance to linezolid. Three type sequences and three optrA variants were identified: ST16 (optrA-2), ST476 (optrA-5) and ST618 (optrA-6). The genetic environment of the optrA-2 (ST16) isolates presented the impB, fex, optrA segment, associated with plasmid, while in two isolates (optrA-6 and optrA-5) the transferable chromosomal element Tn6674-like was found. Conclusion. OptrA-positive clinical isolates present a high genetic diversity, with different optrA clones and variants related to two types of structures and different mobile genetic elements.


Assuntos
Enterococcus faecalis , Linezolida , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Colômbia
13.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 44, sept. 2020
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52653

RESUMO

Dada la incertidumbre que acompaña a la pandemia por SARS-CoV-2 y ante la necesidad de dar respuesta a múltiples problemas de salud crónicos y agudos que afectan a la población general, incluidos aquellos que precisan de una intervención quirúrgica, se presentan las recomendaciones implementadas en clínicas y hospitales de Colombia como guía para lograr una reapertura de los servicios de cirugía electiva de forma segura, escalonada y monitoreada acorde a la dinámica que impone la pandemia, la regulación nacional e internacional y la velocidad en la producción de evidencia científica relacionada con la COVID-19.


Given the uncertainty that accompanies the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and the need to respond to multiple chronic and acute health problems affecting the general population, including those requiring surgical intervention, the recommendations implemented in clinics and hospitals in Colombia are presented as a guide to achieve a reopening of elective surgery services in a safe, staggered and monitored manner in accordance with the dynamics imposed by the pandemic, national and international guidelines and the speed of production of scientific evidence related to COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Betacoronavirus , Pandemias , Betacoronavirus , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios , Vírus da SARS , Salas Cirúrgicas , Cirurgia Geral , Colômbia , América Latina , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios , Vírus da SARS , Salas Cirúrgicas , Cirurgia Geral
14.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 44, sept. 2020
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52321

RESUMO

[RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Medir desigualdades sociales en la resistencia antimicrobiana de la Neisseria gonorrhoeae en Colombia. Métodos. Estudio ecológico utilizando un multipanel de datos desagregado a nivel subnacional de los aislamientos en la N. gonorrhoeae como proxy de resistencia antimicrobiana (RAM) entre 2009 y 2018. Se llevó a cabo una caracterización sociodemográfica, un análisis de la sensibilidad antimicrobiana de aislamientos de N. gonorrhoeae, y una medición de desigualdades en la RAM para la N. gonorrhoeae mediante el índice de desigualdad de la pendiente, el índice de desigualdad relativo y el índice de concentración. Resultados. Los hallazgos indican resistencia antimicrobiana de aislamientos de N. gonorrhoeae a penicilina (50,7%) y tetraciclina (67,3%); y la existencia de desigualdades absolutas y relativas durante el período analizado. Las barreras de acceso a servicios de salud, no haber recibido información de prevención de las infecciones de transmisión sexual, necesidades básicas insatisfechas y analfabetismo explicaron las desigualdades en la RAM de la N. gonorrhoeae. Conclusiones. Seis recomendaciones emergen para contener en gran medida la RAM en la N. gonorrhoeae: i) aumentar conciencia sobre la salud sexual y reproductiva segura; ii) repensar cómo entregar mensajes claves con enfoque de equidad; iii) mejorar los sistemas de información, prescripción y cadena de medicamentos; iv) crear coaliciones para mejorar la respuesta y compartir objetivos con el sector privado; v) mejorar la disponibilidad y desagregación de los datos; y vi) apoyar investigaciones en desigualdades en RAM.


[ABSTRACT]. Objective. Measure social inequalities in antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Colombia. Methods. Ecological study using a multi-panel of data, disaggregated at the subnational level, and using isolations of N. gonorrhoeae as a proxy for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) between 2009 and 2018. A sociodemographic characterization, an analysis of the antimicrobial sensitivity of isolations of N. gonorrhoeae, and a measurement of inequalities in AMR in N. gonorrhoeae were conducted using the slope index of inequality, the relative inequality index, and the concentration index. Results. The findings indicate antimicrobial resistance to penicillin (50.7%) and tetracycline (67.3%) in isolations of N. gonorrhoeae, and the existence of absolute and relative inequalities during the study period. Access barriers to health services, not having received information on the prevention of sexually transmitted infections, basic unmet needs, and illiteracy explained the inequalities in AMR in N. gonorrhoeae. Conclusions. Six recommendations emerged with a view to largely containing AMR in N. gonorrhoeae: i) increase awareness of safe sexual and reproductive health; ii) rethink how to deliver key messages with an equity approach; iii) improve information, prescription, and drug chain systems; iv) form coalitions to improve response and share objectives with the private sector; v) improve the availability and disaggregation of data; and vi) support research on inequalities in AMR.


[RESUMO]. Objetivo. Medir as desigualdades sociais na resistência antimicrobiana de Neisseria gonorrhoeae na Colômbia. Métodos. Estudo ecológico que utilizou um painel múltiplo de dados desagregados ao nível subnacional de isolados de N. gonorrhoeae como substituto para a resistência antimicrobiana (RAM) entre 2009 e 2018. Realizamos uma caracterização sociodemográfica, uma análise da sensibilidade antimicrobiana dos isolados de N. gonorrhoeae e uma medição das desigualdades na RAM para N. gonorrhoeae utilizando o índice absoluto de desigualdade, o índice relativo de desigualdade e o índice de concentração. Resultados. Os resultados indicam a existência de resistência antimicrobiana nos isolados de N. gonorrhoeae à penicilina (50,7%) e à tetraciclina (67,3%), bem como desigualdades absolutas e relativas durante o período analisado. Os obstáculos no acesso aos serviços de saúde, a falta de informações sobre a prevenção de infecções sexualmente transmissíveis, a existência de necessidades básicas não satisfeitas e o analfabetismo explicam as desigualdades na RAM de N. gonorrhoeae. Conclusões. Podem ser feitas seis recomendações para conter em grande medida a RAM de N. gonorrhoeae: i) aumentar a conscientização sobre a saúde sexual e reprodutiva segura, ii) repensar a forma de transmitir as mensagens principais, com foco na equidade, iii) melhorar os sistemas de informação, prescrição e a cadeia de medicamentos, iv) criar coalisões para melhorar a capacidade de resposta e compartilhar objetivos com o setor privado, v) melhorar a disponibilidade e a desagregação de dados e vi) apoiar a pesquisa sobre as desigualdades na RAM.


Assuntos
Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Neisseria gonorrhoeae , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Saúde Sexual e Reprodutiva , Sistemas de Saúde , Colômbia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Saúde Sexual e Reprodutiva , Sistemas de Saúde , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Saúde Sexual e Reprodutiva , Sistemas de Saúde , Colômbia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21722, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, the role of vitamin D (VD) as a protective factor in cardiovascular disease has been recognized. Thus, there is a need to study the effect of vitamin D supplementation in the control of different cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome, especially in young populations where few studies have been conducted. METHODS: Pilot study of a randomized, parallel two-arm, triple-blind clinical controlled trial in 150 adolescents and young adults in the city of Bucaramanga-Colombia. The intervention group will receive 1000 IU of VD and the control group 200 IU of VD daily for 15 weeks. The main outcomes are: serum calcifediol levels (25(OH) D), body mass index and lipid profile; secondary outcomes are complementary to the previous ones (skin folds, waist-hip ratio). Other variables will be analyzed such as assessment of dietary intake, physical activity, sun exposure, cigarette and tobacco consumption and compliance with VD supplementation. DISCUSSION: This study is innovative since there is little evidence from clinical trials in adolescents and young adults; similar studies are not known in our context. The results of this study may facilitate the recommendation of oral vitamin D supplementation in the population of interest. In addition, it is a low-cost and easy-to-apply intervention that could contribute to the formulation and implementation of health policies. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04377386.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Calcifediol/sangue , Lipídeos/sangue , Vitamina D/administração & dosagem , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Colômbia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Pregas Cutâneas , Relação Cintura-Quadril , Adulto Jovem
16.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; Sept. 24, 2020. 6 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120868

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 147 - 24 de septiembre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
17.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; sept. 23, 2020. 8 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121130

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 146 - 23 de septiembre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
18.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; sept. 27, 2020. 7 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121128

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 148 - 27 de septiembre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
19.
Botogá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; sept. 22, 2020. 33 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120577

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 145 - 22 de septiembre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
20.
Botogá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; sept. 20, 2020. 7 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120576

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 144 - 20 de septiembre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
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