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1.
Clín. investig. ginecol. obstet. (Ed. impr.) ; 46(4): 143-147, oct.-dic. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184301

RESUMO

Introducción: La fertilidad y la virilidad suelen relacionarse socialmente con el concepto de masculinidad; esto genera cierto grado de incertidumbre debido a que podría conllevar una serie de procesos emocionales al relacionar los conceptos anteriores con la palabra infertilidad. Objetivo: El objetivo del presente trabajo fue relacionar las respuestas sobre las percepciones de la calidad seminal con algunos conceptos relacionados con la masculinidad. Materiales y métodos: Se llevó a cabo una encuesta virtual anónima a 500 hombres en la cual se realizaron preguntas con relación a la percepción de algunas variables sobre la calidad seminal. Resultados: Respecto a la pregunta ¿para usted qué significa tener un conteo alto de espermatozoides?, en hombres con y sin pareja la respuesta más frecuente fue buena capacidad para fecundar, siendo mayor en hombres con pareja (p = 0,013); en contraste, la segunda respuesta más frecuente (buena salud) fue más alta en el grupo que no tenía pareja (p = 0,028), mientras que la mayoría de los participantes respondieron que no sentirían nada (58,8% sin pareja y 64,5% con pareja) frente a las preguntas ¿qué sentiría si tiene un conteo bajo de espermatozoides? y ¿qué sentiría si no tiene ningún espermatozoide?, respectivamente. Por otro lado, en cuanto a la respuesta «avergonzado», los participantes sin pareja decían sentirse más avergonzados en ambas preguntas (p = 0,011 y p = 0,0057). Conclusión: El termino infertilidad debería ser usado cuidadosamente, pues es de gran impacto en la vida del individuo, afecta tanto el bienestar de la pareja como el bienestar psicosocial y la propia satisfacción sexual


Introduction: Fertility and virility are often socially related to the concept of masculinity, and this generates a certain degree of uncertainty because it could lead to a series of emotional processes by relating these concepts with the word infertility. Objective: The objective of the present work was to relate the responses on the perceptions of seminal quality with some concepts related to masculinity. Materials and methods: An anonymous virtual survey of 500 men was carried out, in which questions were asked regarding the perception of some variables on seminal quality. Results: As regards the question, 'what does it mean for you to have a high sperm count?'; in men with and without partners, the most frequent response was, good ability to fecundate, being higher in men with a partner (P = .013). In contrast, the second most frequent response (good health) was higher in the group that had no partner (P = .028). While the majority of participants answered that they would not feel anything (58.8% without a partner, and 64.5% with a partner) in response to the questions, 'How would you feel if you have a low sperm count?', and 'How would you feel if you did not have any sperm?', respectively. On the other hand, as regards the response 'embarrassed', the participants without a partner said they felt more embarrassed in both questions (P = .011 and P = .0057). Conclusion: The term infertility should be used carefully, since it has a significant impact an individual's life. It affects the well-being of the couple, as well as psychosocial well-being and sexual satisfaction itself


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Fertilidade/fisiologia , Análise do Sêmen , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Infertilidade Masculina/epidemiologia , Masculinidade , Coito/fisiologia , Contagem de Espermatozoides/estatística & dados numéricos , Colômbia/epidemiologia
2.
Zootaxa ; 4695(3): zootaxa.4695.3.3, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719350

RESUMO

Two new species of Miroculis Edmunds, 1963 (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae) are described, diagnosed and illustrated based on adults and/or nymphs collected in Brazil and Colombia. Both species share an uncommon genitalia morphology, which includes a long penis that is curved at base and a long styliger plate. In the case of the species from Brazil, which is also described based on nymphs, gills are devoid of the characteristic lateral lobes found in the other species of the genus.


Assuntos
Ephemeroptera , Animais , Brasil , Colômbia , Brânquias , Masculino , Ninfa
3.
Zootaxa ; 4638(4): zootaxa.4638.4.3, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712458

RESUMO

Podocotyle pearsei Manter, 1934 is documented from the intestine of Vaillant's grenadier, Bathygadus melanobranchus Vaillant (Macrouridae: Bathygadinae), collected from the northeastern and western Gulf of Mexico from 783-841 m depth. The finding of P. pearsei in B. melanobranchus represents the first originally published report of this genus from this host and the fifth documented host species for P. pearsei. We report three unidentified species of Podocotyle, represented by one individual each, from the intestine of the western Atlantic grenadier, Nezumia atlantica (Parr) (Macrouridae: Macrourinae), and from Bathygadus favosus Goode Bean (Macrouridae: Bathygadinae) found at 637 m, 710 m and 1,143 m depths in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico off Florida and from the Caribbean Sea off Colombia. We provide a checklist of the parasites known from the three macrourid species relevant to this study, comment on the biogeography of the five species of Podocotyle now known from the deep sea and discuss the low host specificity observed across this genus. The high number of fish hosts for Podocotyle (i.e. type hosts include at least 22 piscine families) encompassing a wide phylogenetic diversity and diet makes it unlikely that members of a single genus could evolve such a broad array of life histories (i.e. utilize dissimilar intermediate hosts), and we predict in the future that Podocotyle will be taxonomically divided up. Morphological and especially molecular work is needed for Podocotyle as well as for other digenean genera known to inhabit the deep sea. Podocotyle sp. 1 2 represent the first originally published reports of this genus from N. atlantica while Podocotyle sp. 3 represents the first report of this genus from B. favosus. Podocotyle koshari Nagaty, 1973 is declared a species inquirenda, and a dichotomous key to the 27 species of Podocotyle we recognize is provided.


Assuntos
Parasitos , Infecções por Trematódeos , Animais , Região do Caribe , Colômbia , Florida , Golfo do México , México , Filogenia
4.
Zootaxa ; 4638(2): zootaxa.4638.2.3, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712475

RESUMO

This is the first report of the family Tischeriidae in Colombia. We describe two new species recently discovered in the department of Valle del Cauca in southwestern Colombia: Astrotischeria ochrimaculosa Diskus, Stonis Vargas, sp. nov., and A. colombiana Stonis Vargas, sp. nov. The latter is a leaf miner of Asteraceae, while A. ochrimaculosa is trophically associated with Malvaceae. Astrotischeria colombiana is known only from Colombia, but A. ochrimaculosa is more widely distributed from Colombia to Peru. The new species are illustrated with photographs of their habitats, adults, male and female genitalia, and leaf mines. We comment on the rarity of tischeriids in collections and their current known distribution in the Neotropics.


Assuntos
Asteraceae , Lepidópteros , Mariposas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Colômbia , Ecossistema , Feminino , Masculino , Peru
5.
Zootaxa ; 4633(1): zootaxa.4633.1.1, 2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712494

RESUMO

A survey of the 'Symphyta' of Colombia is conducted, based on information from literature as well as on examination of over 2,000 specimens from the major Colombian entomological collections. A total of 127 species are recorded from Colombia, representing six families: Argidae (48 species), Tenthredinidae (37) Pergidae (37), Xiphydriidae (3 species), Siricidae (1 species) and Orussidae (1 species). 11 genera and 68 species are new records for Colombia, doubling the number of previously reported species. Heteroperreyia (Pergidae) is recorded for the first time in northern South America. Most records and species are concentrated in the Andean region. Four new species are described: Acrogymnidia catalina Malagón-Aldana, sp. nov., Ptenos amazonicus Malagón-Aldana, sp. nov. (Argidae), Heteroperreyia andina Malagón-Aldana, sp. nov. (Pergidae) and Derecyrta risaraldensis Malagón-Aldana, sp. nov. (Xiphydriidae). The following taxonomic changes are proposed, and lectotypes designated for all these nominal taxa: Dochmioglene suppar (Konow, 1903), comb. n., Plaumanniana parmata (Konow, 1903), comb. n., and Proselandria analis (Fabricius, 1804), comb. n.; Plaumanniana biclinia (Konow, 1899) = Stromboceros marcidus Konow, 1899, syn. n.; Proselandria analis (Fabricius, 1804) = Stromboceros brevispinis Konow, 1908, syn. n., Monophadnus trichiotomus Cameron, 1911, syn. n. and Romaniola amazonica Forsius, 1925, syn. n.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Animais , Colômbia
6.
Zootaxa ; 4629(2): zootaxa.4629.2.3, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712520

RESUMO

The males of Tropanisopodus tachira Monné Monné, 2007, from Colombia and Paranisopodus granulosus Monné Monné, 2007, from Peru are described for the first time. Anisopodus cochabambaensis Schmid, 2016 is newly recorded for Colombia. Tropanisopodus antonkozlovi sp. nov. is described, and a key to species of Tropanisopodus is provided. Anisopodus acutus Thomson, 1865 is transferred to Paranisopodus Monné Martins, 1976. The female of Paranisopodus heterotarsus Monné Martins, 1976 is described for the first time. Paranisopodus antonkozlovi sp. nov. is described and included in a previous key.


Assuntos
Besouros , Aranhas , Animais , Colômbia , Feminino , Masculino , Peru
7.
Zootaxa ; 4577(3): zootaxa.4577.3.4, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715710

RESUMO

Eucyphonia festiva sp. nov., is described and illustrated from Santa María, Boyacá on the eastern slope of the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia. Eucyphonia species were previously recorded only from Ecuador, Brazil and Venezuela; thus the new species represents a new generic record for Colombia. This new species was found associated with Piper sp. (Piperaceae), although further confirmation is needed to show that this is a host plant.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Animais , Brasil , Colômbia , Equador , Venezuela
8.
Zootaxa ; 4577(1): zootaxa.4577.1.3, 2019 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715735

RESUMO

Hydrometra colombiana Martínez and Galindo-Malagón, sp. nov., H. tayrona Martínez and Galindo-Malagón, sp. nov., and H. quimbaya Martínez and Galindo-Malagón, sp. nov. are described and compared with congeners. Furthermore, the female of H. williamsi Hungerford Evans, 1934 and the male of H. adnexa Hungerford Evans, 1934 are described. New records from Colombia and a key to the species of Hydrometra Latreille, 1796 recorded from the country are presented.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Heterópteros , Animais , Colômbia , Feminino , Masculino
9.
Zootaxa ; 4683(3): zootaxa.4683.3.8, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715922

RESUMO

Pimpla Fabricius is one of the largest genera within the subfamily Pimplinae, whose species are idiobiont endoparasitoids of Lepidoptera pupae and prepupae. A total of 13 species are known from Colombia, but they are difficult to identify because of their morphological complexity. Herein we record for the first time in Colombia the following species: P. albomarginata Cameron, P. caerulea Brullé and P. sumichrasti Cresson. Furthermore, we present the first identification key to female and male of the Colombian species, along with diagnoses, biological notes and images in vivo.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Lepidópteros , Vespas , Animais , Colômbia , Feminino , Masculino , Pupa
10.
Zootaxa ; 4671(4): zootaxa.4671.4.11, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716039

RESUMO

A new species of Strengeriana Pretzmann, 1971, is described from the El Jardín Natural Reserve, Quindío Department, Colombia, on the western slope of the Central Andes. The genus is endemic to Colombia and is distributed in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, and the Western and Central Andes, at elevations ranging from 700 to 2400 m. With the addition of the new species, Strengeriana now includes 17 species. Strengeriana quindiensis n. sp. is distinguished from its congeners mainly by the exopod of the third maxilliped being 0.92 times the length of the ischium and by the morphology of the first male gonopod, particularly the shapes of the mesial and lateral processes.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Animais , Colômbia , Água Doce , Masculino , Nevada
11.
Zootaxa ; 4590(5): zootaxa.4590.5.4, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716075

RESUMO

Two new species of treehoppers are described from Colombia: Calloconophora estellae sp. nov. and Problematode robertoi sp. nov. The first from the Western foothills of the Cordillera Occidental, and Eastern foothills of the North of the Cordillera Central toward the Magdalena Medio region. Problematode robertoi sp. nov. is described from highlands, nearby Los Nevados National Natural Park. Description of the nymphs, notes on their biology, and comments about the taxonomic position and distribution of each species are included. This is the first record of a Calloconophora species secreting a waxy substance on branches close to eggs and/or nymphs, and the first record of the genus Problematode in Colombia (previously only known from Venezuela). Additionally, based on characters of a late-instar nymph exuviae, the position of Problematode within the Membracidae subfamilies is discussed.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Colômbia , Ninfa , Óvulo , Venezuela
12.
Zootaxa ; 4590(4): zootaxa.4590.4.4, 2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716082

RESUMO

Argia nataliae n. sp. (Holotype ♂: COLOMBIA, Antioquia Department, Estación Cristalina, about. 28 km west of Puerto Berrio, ca. 6.41 N, 74.58 W, 16 ii 1917, Jesse Hunter Edward Bruce Williamson leg., in University of Michigan [UMMZ]) is described and illustrated and compared with similar species.


Assuntos
Odonatos , Animais , Colômbia
13.
Zootaxa ; 4590(1): zootaxa.4590.1.2, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716100

RESUMO

Six new species of Disteniidae are described: Aiurasyma santandereana (Dynamostini), from Colombia; Distenia (D.) marinonii, Distenia (D.) normae, Paracometes solangeae, and Villiersicometes galileoae, all from Brazil, and Novantinoe vivida, from Ecuador (Disteniini). The geographical distribution of 15 species is expanded, and keys to species of Novantinoe Santos-Silva Hovore, 2007 and American species of Distenia (Distenia) Lepeletier Audinet-Serville, 1828 are also provided.


Assuntos
Besouros , Animais , Brasil , Colômbia , Equador , Geografia , Estados Unidos
14.
Zootaxa ; 4585(2): zootaxa.4585.2.4, 2019 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716169

RESUMO

The new genus Altavelia Polhemus Moreira (Heteroptera: Gerromorpha: Veliidae) includes seven species previously contained in the inveruglas group of Paravelia Breddin, 1898 and four new species from Colombia: A. altoandina Molano Morales, A. antioquia Molano Morales, A. montana Molano Morales, and A. quindiana Molano Morales. Additionally, A. amoena (Drake, 1957) is synonymized with A. flavomarginata (Hungerford, 1930). The genus is characterized by prominent setal tufts or sclerotized wing-like processes on the male proctiger; elongate body shape with long, slender legs; uniformly blackish forewings; antennal segment I longest; and the female abdomen with tergum VIII deflexed. Species in this genus occur at high elevations in the Andes Mountains with records from 1500 to 3600 m. A key is provided to all 11 species in the genus and new distributional records are presented for A. boliviana (Breddin, 1898), A. columbiensis (Hungerford, 1930), and A. flavomarginata.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Colômbia , Feminino , Masculino , Montana
15.
Zootaxa ; 4585(2): zootaxa.4585.2.13, 2019 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716178

RESUMO

The nymphal stages of Tricorythodes pemonensis n. comb. and T. zagaia n.comb. are firstly described. The nymphal characters as well as the characteristic swelling at the base of second forceps segment in male imago justify moving them from Macunahyphes to Tricorythodes. Additionally, other three species described in Macunahyphes are also transferred to Tricorythodes: Tricorythodes araca (Souto Salles) new comb., Tricorythodes eduardoi (Almeida Mariano) new comb., and Tricorythodes incognitus (Molineri et al.) new comb. Macunahyphes australis is the only species that remains in the genus.


Assuntos
Ephemeroptera , Heterópteros , Animais , Colômbia , Masculino , Ninfa
16.
Zootaxa ; 4624(4): zootaxa.4624.4.3, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716197

RESUMO

Notes and new country records are provided for Leptostylus retrorsus Bates, 1885, and Lagocheirus araneiformis flavolineatus Aurivillius, 1921. The male of Trichalcidion penicillum Monné Delfino, 1981 is described for the first time, and a new country record is provided. One new genus and four new species are described: Vitacinis luziae from Colombia (new genus); Nealcidion antonkozlovi from Colombia; Onalcidion antonkozlovi from Colombia; and Leptocometes antonkozlovi from Colombia. Hemilocallia grishami Ramírez Hernández et al., 2019 is synonymized with Glenea (Glenea) fasciata (Fabricius, 1781) [Hemilocallia = Glenea (Glenea); H. grishami = G. (G.) fasciata].


Assuntos
Besouros , Aranhas , Animais , Colômbia
17.
Zootaxa ; 4624(1): zootaxa.4624.1.6, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716238

RESUMO

A new pseudoscorpion genus, Tenebriochernes n. gen., with the type species T. concavus n. sp. is described from two caves in northern Colombia, where it inhabits the dark zone of caves. Two additional new species T. mohani n. sp. and T. pilosus n. sp., are described from conserved dry forest areas and buffer zones. Sexual dimorphism of the pedipalps is evident, particularly in the length of appendages and the width of the hand. The new genus shows affinities with the genus Neoallochernes Hoff, 1947. A taxonomic key, distribution map and ecological comments are given.


Assuntos
Aracnídeos , Animais , Colômbia , Ecologia , Florestas , Caracteres Sexuais
18.
Zootaxa ; 4623(3): zootaxa.4623.3.13, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716257

RESUMO

The fossorial snake genus Anomalepis Jan 1860 currently comprises four species with distribution restricted to the Neotropics, occurring from Nicaragua to trans-Andean Peru. Species of Anomalepis occur on the mainland from sea level to about 2,700 m elevation in habitats that range from xerophyte vegetation to tropical wet forests (Kofron 1988; McDiarmid et al. 1999; Uetz et al. 2019; Wallach et al. 2014). Kofron (1988) performed a taxonomic review of the genus Anomalepis, recognizing two phenotypic clusters of species: the A. mexicanus Jan 1860 composed exclusively by its nominal form, and the A. aspinosus Taylor 1939 group consisting of the former species, A. colombia Marx 1953 (Fig. 1) and A. flavapices Peters 1957. While Anomalepis aspinosus occurs in xerophytic formation from 500-2700 above sea level (asl hereafter) along the Peruvian Andes (Kofron 1988; McDiarmid et al. 1999; Wallach et al. 2014), and Anomalepis flavapices is found in the coastal rainforest plains of northwestern Ecuador (Kofron 1988; Wallach et al. 2014), Anomalepis mexicanus presents the most widespread distribution amongst its congeners, occurring in northeastern Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama from sea level to 725 m altitude. Even though this species has previously been recorded for Peru (Kofron, 1988), it seems unlikely that this specimen belongs to A. mexicanus due to its distinct meristic features (see Kofron 1988) and its outlandish record (see Fig. 2). Marx (1953) described Anomalepis colombia based on a single specimen collected in 1946 by Kjell von Sneidern at La Selva (05º25'23N, 74º57'44W; 1700 m asl), municipality of Pueblo Rico, department of Caldas, Colombia. As far as we know, since its original description, no additional specimen of A. colombia has been reported in literature (cf. Kofron 1988; McDiarmid et al. 1999; Wallach et al. 2014).


Assuntos
Serpentes , Animais , Colômbia , Costa Rica , Equador , Honduras , Nicarágua , Panamá , Peru
19.
Zootaxa ; 4623(2): zootaxa.4623.2.3, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716260

RESUMO

Nine species of the genus Dasymutilla Ashmead have been recorded from South America. One additional species, D. campogrande Manley Pitts was erroneously recorded from Mexico but is from Brazil, and another species, D. colorado Cambra, Williams Quintero was recently discovered in Colombia. Four of these nine Dasymutilla belong to a new genus, Quwitilla Williams, Bartholomay Cambra, gen. nov., which includes: Q. peruviana (Suárez), comb. nov. (and its newly recognized female D. homochroma Suárez, syn. nov.; Q. bellatrix (Manley Pitts), comb. nov. (based on female only); and Q. blattoserica (Kohl) comb. nov. (type species, already known from both sexes). Two others are actually synonyms of previously recognized Traumatomutilla André species: Dasymutilla brazilia Manley Pitts, syn. nov. is a junior synonym of T. oculifera (Smith), and D. campogrande, syn. nov. is a junior synonym of T. inermis (Klug). One species is transferred out of Dasymutilla: Xystromutilla aequatorialis (André), comb. nov. Finally, updates and comments are provided on the distribution of D. araneoides (Smith), D. colorado, D. paradoxa (Gerstaecker), and D. pulchra (Smith), the only four South American species remaining in the genus Dasymutilla.


Assuntos
Formigas , Himenópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Brasil , Colômbia , Colorado , Feminino , Masculino , México
20.
Zootaxa ; 4623(1): zootaxa.4623.1.6, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716276

RESUMO

The large genus Heteragrion has a wide distribution in the Neotropics from southern Mexico to northern Argentina, occurring from sea level to 1800 m.a.s.l. In Colombia, so far ten species and two subspecies of the genus Heteragrion have been found; here we raise this number to 14, with three new records for the country (H. angustipenne Selys, 1886, H. flavidorsum Calvert, 1909 and H. valgum Donnelly, 1992), and the description of H. demarmelsi sp. nov. from Leticia Municipality, Amazonas Department. Also, the females of H. angustipenne and H. flavidorsum are described for the first time. Heteragrion peregrinum Williamson, 1919 is rediscovered and reported in new locations. Photographs of the main structures of taxonomic importance of males and females of all species of Heteragrion from Colombia are presented. Finally, we provide distribution maps, a taxonomic key (for males and females), and comments on the natural history of all Heteragrion species known from Colombia, are also included.


Assuntos
Odonatos , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Argentina , Colômbia , Feminino , Masculino , México
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