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1.
Biomedica ; 40(Supl. 2): 50-67, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152188

RESUMO

At the end of 2019, in Wuhan, China, the outbreak of a new coronavirus began and quickly spread throughout the world infecting and claiming thousands of lives. To date, certain comorbidities are known to be risk factors for unsatisfactory disease outcomes, but little has been reported regarding hemodialysis patients despite being a population at high risk of infection, complications, and death. Here we describe the clinical course, clinical manifestations and complications of COVID-19 in seven patients on permanent hemodialysis. We also make recommendations for the management of patients with chronic kidney disease.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Diálise Renal , Adulto , Bacteriemia/complicações , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Terapia Combinada , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Diálise Renal/métodos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/complicações
2.
Biomedica ; 40(Supl. 2): 68-72, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152189

RESUMO

Despite the positive response of Colombia's health system to the arrival of Venezuelan migrants, the new challenges that accompany the COVID-19 pandemic have triggered a closed-borders response that runs the risk of encouraging a negative view of migrants and increasing their health risks. This manuscript discusses the recommendations that could be proposed in the case of a country with limited resources such as Colombia to respond to the needs of the Venezuelan mixed migrant flows.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Emigração e Imigração/legislação & jurisprudência , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Migrantes , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Desinfecção das Mãos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Saúde Pública/legislação & jurisprudência , Política Pública , Quarentena , Venezuela/etnologia , Populações Vulneráveis
3.
Biomedica ; 40(Supl. 2): 77-79, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152191

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has generated a revolution of such magnitude that no aspect of human life will be the same from now on. The provision of health services and health education are not unrelated to this new normality imposed by the disease, and its consequences have been reflected in the need to use protocols and resources based on virtuality that most of us had not valued in their real dimension. Telehealth and telemedicine will be basic tools for professionals and teachers and it is our obligation to know them, apply them, and innovate to adapt to this reality.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina/tendências , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Confidencialidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Educação a Distância , Programas Governamentais , Instalações de Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Utilização de Procedimentos e Técnicas , Telemedicina/métodos , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades , Recursos Humanos
4.
Biomedica ; 40(Supl. 2): 96-103, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152193

RESUMO

Introduction: The COVID pandemic is a challenge for public health surveillance and an opportunity to assess its strengths and weaknesses to improve the response. Objective: To evaluate the performance of the Colombian public health surveillance system during the first 50 days of the COVID-19 pandemic in the country. Materials and methods: We analyzed the data published between March 6 and April 24, 2020, by the Instituto Nacional de Salud and the World Health Organization (WHO). We evaluated: i) the quality of the data according to the fulfillment of Benford's law, and ii) the timeliness of the information measured as the difference in dates between the data generated by the Instituto Nacional de Salud and WHO's situational reports. We assessed the fulfillment of Benford's law using the p values of the log-likelihood ratio, the chi square or Moreno's exact tests. Results: Until April 24 there were 4,881 cases of COVID-19 in Colombia. During most of the first 50 days of the pandemic, Benford's law was fulfilled except the first days of the epidemic. The difference between Instituto Nacional de Salud and WHO reports largely depends on the different reporting times. Conclusion: In general, the Colombian public health surveillance system fulfilled Benford's law suggesting that there was quality in the data. Future studies comparing the performance of the departments and districts will improve the diagnosis of the Colombian surveillance system.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Coleta de Dados/normas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População , Saúde Pública , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Coleta de Dados/estatística & dados numéricos , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Internet , Vigilância da População/métodos , Controle de Qualidade , Distribuições Estatísticas , Infecção por Zika virus/epidemiologia
5.
Biomedica ; 40(Supl. 2): 116-130, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152195

RESUMO

Introduction: Infection with the new SARS-Cov-2 coronavirus is a worldwide public health emergency; its diagnosis is based on molecular tests, while its prognosis depends on the patient's history and on some paraclinical tests. In Colombia, forecasts are not yet counted. Objective: To assess the factors associated with the development of severe disease in hospitalized patients diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection, as well as the prognostic factors for the outcome of mortality. Materials and methods: We conducted an ambispective cohort study in hospitalized patients at the Fundación Cadioinfantil from March to June, 2020. Results: Of the 104 patients analyzed, 31.7% (n=33) had a severe presentation and 9.6% (n=10) had a mortality outcome. For mortality, the most important prognostic factor was the development of severe disease followed by age over 60 years and malnutrition. For the development of the severe disease, prognostic factors were a history of hemodialysis (HR=135), diabetes (HR=4.4), and an increased level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (HR=1,004), while the lymphocyte count over 1,064 was a protective factor (HR=0.9). In the classification of patients, the National Early Warning Score (NEWS2) score in the high and low-risk categories corresponded to the best performance. There was no difference between the treatments administered. Conclusions: The most important prognostic factors for mortality were being over 60 years of age, hypertension, diabetes, and cirrhosis, while for the development of severe disease they were chronic kidney disease with hemodialysis, NEWS2 with high risk at admission, increased levels of LDH and C reactive protein (CRP), and leukocytosis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos de Grupos Sanguíneos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/etiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/epidemiologia
6.
Biomedica ; 40(Supl. 2): 139-147, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152197

RESUMO

Introduction: Rapid IgM-IgG combined antibody tests can play an important role in the COVID-19 surveillance by supporting the diagnosis of infection, assessing the immune response, and verifying the progress towards herd immunity. Objective: To evaluate the performance of rapid IgM-IgG combined antibody tests in COVID-19 occupational surveillance in a group of Colombian enterprises. Materials and methods: We used the occupational surveillance data from companies that had performed periodic serological tests on all personnel from the end of April to the beginning of July, 2020. Workers were organized in small groups ("social bubbles") to prevent outbreaks and optimize surveillance. The sensitivity was estimated as if the sampling had a prospective design. We describe here the changes in serological testing through periodic rounds. Results: Data were obtained from 4,740 workers, of whom only 23 were symptomatic showing changes from IgM(-)/IgG(-) to IgM(+) and then to IgM(+)/IgG(+) and IgG(+). The sensitivity was 40.94% for IgM(+) and 47.95% for IgM(+)/IgG(+). This implies that a little less than half of the cases can be detected. Conclusion: Antibody rapid tests have a role in the diagnostic process of infection and they must be evaluated taking into account the moment of the epidemic, the type of test purchased, and the populations at risk since their results depend on the number of infections and cases. In the context of a health crisis, they can be optimized by organizing workers into "social bubbles"


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Comércio/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Medicina do Trabalho/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Adulto , Infecções Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Avaliação de Sintomas
7.
Biomedica ; 40(Supl. 2): 148-158, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152198

RESUMO

Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 has been identified as the new coronavirus causing an outbreak of acute respiratory disease in China in December, 2019. This disease, currently named COVID-19, has been declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). The first case of COVID-19 in Colombia was reported on March 6, 2020. Here we characterize an early SARS-CoV-2 isolate from the pandemic recovered in April, 2020. Objective: To describe the isolation and characterization of an early SARS-CoV-2 isolate from the epidemic in Colombia. Materials and methods: A nasopharyngeal specimen from a COVID-19 positive patient was inoculated on different cell lines. To confirm the presence of SARS-CoV-2 on cultures we used qRT-PCR, indirect immunofluorescence assay, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, and next-generation sequencing. Results: We determined the isolation of SARS-CoV-2 in Vero-E6 cells by the appearance of the cytopathic effect three days post-infection and confirmed it by the positive results in the qRT-PCR and the immunofluorescence with convalescent serum. Transmission and scanning electron microscopy images obtained from infected cells showed the presence of structures compatible with SARS-CoV-2. Finally, a complete genome sequence obtained by next-generation sequencing allowed classifying the isolate as B.1.5 lineage. Conclusion: The evidence presented in this article confirms the first isolation of SARSCoV-2 in Colombia. In addition, it shows that this strain behaves in cell culture in a similar way to that reported in the literature for other isolates and that its genetic composition is consistent with the predominant variant in the world. Finally, points out the importance of viral isolation for the detection of neutralizing antibodies, for the genotypic and phenotypic characterization of the strain and for testing compounds with antiviral potential.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA Viral/genética , Animais , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Betacoronavirus/ultraestrutura , Chlorocebus aethiops , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Convalescença , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Efeito Citopatogênico Viral , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo , Genoma Viral , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica , Tipagem Molecular , Nasofaringe/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Especificidade da Espécie , Células Vero , Vírion/ultraestrutura , Cultura de Vírus
8.
Biomedica ; 40(Supl. 2): 159-165, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152199

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Healthcare personnel plays an important role in the prevention of acute respiratory infections in hospital settings. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to establish the level of knowledge about respiratory virus infections and the attitudes and practices among healthcare workers, leaders of infection control committees in hospitals of Bogotá, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a self-administered questionnaire of 28 items during the monthly meeting sponsored by the local health authority. "Yes or no" and "true or false" questions were applied to measure knowledge. Attitudes and practices were measured with a Likert-type scale according to the agreement degree. RESULTS: We surveyed 70 healthcare workers. Respondents demonstrated a good level of knowledge as 80% of them answered correctly more than five questions. A total of 54.4% showed a low degree of agreement when asked if their institutions have the policy to stay home when they are sick with respiratory symptoms and 67.1% never or rarely remain at home under such conditions. CONCLUSION: Healthcare worker leaders of infection control committees in Bogotá's ospitals have adequate knowledge about the prevention of seasonal respiratory viruses. There is a need for implementing urgent sick leave policies as a measure to prevent the spread of potential coronavirus infections in hospitals.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Infecções Respiratórias/prevenção & controle , Absenteísmo , Adulto , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Política Organizacional , Licença Médica , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Biomedica ; 40(Supl. 2): 180-187, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152202

RESUMO

The pandemic caused by COVID19 is associated with an increase in the number of cases of cardiorespiratory arrest, which has resulted in ethical concerns regarding the enforceability of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, as well as the conditions to carry it out. The risk of aerosol transmission and the clinical uncertainties about the efficacy, the potential sequelae, and the circumstances that could justify limiting this procedure during the pandemic have multiplied the ethical doubts on how to proceed in these cases. Based on ethical and legal grounds, this paper offers a practical guide on how to proceed in the clinical setting in cases of cardiopulmonary arrest during the pandemic. The criteria of justice, benefit, no harm, respect for autonomy, precaution, integrity, and transparency are asserted in an organized and practical framework for decision-making regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/ética , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Diretivas Antecipadas , Aerossóis , Microbiologia do Ar , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Futilidade Médica , Exposição Ocupacional , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Autonomia Pessoal , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Justiça Social
10.
Biomedica ; 40(Supl. 2): 131-138, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152196

RESUMO

Introduction: Public health surveillance together with good sanitary decisions is essential for the proper management of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Objective: To compare the performance of Colombian departments based on the quality of the data and to build the national ranking. Materials and methods: We analyzed the accumulated cases published between March 6 and September 1, 2020, by the Instituto Nacional de Salud. To achieve comparability, the analyses considered the day the first case was diagnosed as the first analysis date for each department. The fulfillment of Benford's law was assessed with p-values in the log-likelihood ratio or chi-square tests. The analysis was completed with the lethality observed in each department and then the performance ranking was established. Results: Bogotá and Valle del Cauca had optimal public health surveillance performance all along. The data suggest that Antioquia, Nariño, and Tolima had good containment and adequate public health surveillance after the economic opening beginning on June 1, 2020. Conclusion: We obtained the ranking of the departments regarding the quality of public health surveillance data. The best five departments can be case studies to identify the elements associated with good performance.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População , Benchmarking , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Notificação de Doenças , Geografia Médica , Humanos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuições Estatísticas , Análise de Sobrevida , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Arch Esp Urol ; 73(9): 784-793, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144532

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Open prostatectomy is an efficacious treatment for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), but its complication rates and risk factors for these might vary due to the characteristics of populations and health systems. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of complications and the risk factors for these, in the first three months after open prostatectomy in a hospital in Medellín (Colombia). METHODS: This is a cohort study in which patients undergoing retropubic open prostatectomy were taken. Medical records were reviewed to obtain demographic, preoperative, and intraoperative data. The main outcome was the incidence of complications in the first three postoperative months and this was divided into early (day 1 to 7 post-surgery) and late (day 8 to 90 post-surgery) complications. Risk factors were determined by estimating Relative Risks (RR). RESULTS: 191 patients with a median age of 70 years were included. The frequency of complications was 34.5%,14.6% occurred early and 19.9% late. Risk factors were dyslipidemia (RR: 2.37, 95% CI: 1.25 to 4.47), irrigation time (RR: 1.31, 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.67) and duration of the postsurgical catheter (RR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.03 to 1.12); general anesthesia was a protective risk factor compared to spinal (RR: 0.47, 95% CI: 0.24 to 0.91). CONCLUSION: The frequency of complications of open prostatectomy with a retropubic approach was within the figures reported in the literature. The risk factors found could be modifiable and considered for the prevention of adverse outcomes. This study provides an updated basis for future comparisons with alternative treatments for BPH.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Prostática , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Masculino , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia
12.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 93, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146325

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) anal infection and associated factors in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients in Medellín. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study in 300 HIV-positive patients, adults, with history of anal intercourse, treated in two health care services of Medellín 2017-2018. We conducted a structured survey on sociodemographics, sexual behavior and medical history. HPV was detected in anal swabs tested by the COBAS 4800 system. Exploratory data analysis of risk factors associated with HR-HPV was conducted by chi-square test of independence and both raw and adjusted prevalence ratios used the Poisson regression model, at a 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: The high-risk HPV had a prevalence of 82.7%; HPV16 had a prevalence of 32.7%, HPV18 a prevalence of 21.7% and other HPV types scored 78.3%. The high-risk HPV prevalence in women was of 68.2% and 83.8% in men. The risk factors associated with high-risk HPV after adjustment were age under 30 years, elementary education, casual sex partners, and first sexual activity before 18 years old. CONCLUSIONS: The high incidence of high-risk HPV, along with the occurrence of coinfections by multiple types in the study population shows their susceptibility to develop some type of anal intra-epithelial neoplasia. It is important to establish sexual health programs focused on primary health care.


Assuntos
Canal Anal , Infecções por HIV , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Adulto , Canal Anal/virologia , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sexual
13.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (50): 271-294, nov. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191358

RESUMO

La pandemia COVID-19 ha generado impactos sociales y políticos adicionales a los estrictamente sanitarios, llevando de un aparte a que los países, en el contexto de los estados de emergencia decretados, limiten de manera temporal algunos derechos y libertades civiles, para preservar la vida y salud de los ciudadanos; y de otra parte, han acelerado la transformación digital con el desarrollo y uso de herramientas tecnológicas para complementar las medidas de salud pública. Diversos organismos internacionales han expresado su preocupación respecto a la vulneración del derecho a la protección de datos personales en este nuevo escenario, e incluso han propuesto lineamientos éticos a tener en cuenta. En este artículo se analizarán las medidas que han sido implementadas en Colombia con ocasión de la COVID-19, desde la perspectiva del marco jurídico del derecho a la protección de datos personales vigente, y como los principios y derechos que lo componen, pueden ser reinterpretados a la luz de estas nuevas recomendaciones éticas


COVID-19 pandemic has generated additional social and political impacts beyond those strictly related to health, leading countries to, within the context of declared states of emergency, temporarily limit some civil rights and liberties in order to preserve their citizen's life and health. On the other hand, it has accelerated the digital transformation with the development and use of technological tools to complement public health measures. Several international organizations have voiced their concern about the violation of the right to personal data protection in this new scenario and have even proposed ethical guidelines to be taken into account. This article will analyses the measures that have been implemented in Colombia during COVID-19 pandemic, from the actual perspective of the legal framework of the right to personal data protection, and how its principles and rights may be reinterpreted in the light of these new ethical recommendations


La pandèmia COVID-19 ha generat impactes socials I polítics addicionals als estrictament sanitaris, portant d'un a part al fet que els països, en el context dels estats d'emergència decretats, limitin de manera temporal alguns drets I llibertats civils, per preservar la vida I salut dels ciutadans; I d'una altra banda, accelerant la transformació digital amb el desenvolupament I l'ús d'eines tecnològiques per complementar les mesures de salut pública. Diversos organismes internacionals han expressat la seva preocupació pel que fa a la vulneració del dret a la protecció de dades personals en aquest nou escenari, I fins I tot han proposat directrius ètiques a tenir en compte. En aquest article s'analitzaran les mesures que han estat implementades a Colòmbia amb motiu de la COVID-19, des de la perspectiva del marc jurídic del dret a la protecció de dades personals vigent, I com els principis I drets que el componen, poden ser reinterpretats a la llum d'aquestes noves recomanacions ètiques


Assuntos
Humanos , Informações Pessoalmente Identificáveis/ética , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/ética , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Colômbia/epidemiologia
14.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; nov. 02, 2020. 8 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128166

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 171 - 29 de noviembre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
15.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; nov. 3, 2020. 29 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128264

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 172 - 03 de noviembre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
16.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; nov. 05, 2020. 10 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128603

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 174 - 05 de noviembre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
17.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; nov. 04, 2020. 7 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128602

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 173 - 04 de noviembre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
18.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; nov. 08, 2020. 9 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128604

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 175 - 08 de noviembre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
19.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; nov. 11, 2020. 8 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128911

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 177 - 11 de noviembre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
20.
Bogotá; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; nov. 10, 2020. 33 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128912

RESUMO

Este es el reporte de situación COVID-19 Colombia No. 176 - 10 de noviembre de 2020.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia
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