Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.759
Filtrar
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(33): e27002, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of robotic right colectomy (RRC) and laparoscopic right colectomy (LRC) in the treatment of right colon tumor. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Web of science, EMBASE ClinicalTrials.gov and Cochrane Central Register for studies (studies published between January 2011 and June 2020). The included studies compared the clinical efficacy of RRC and LRC in the treatment of right colon tumor, and analyzed the perioperative data. RESULTS: Our meta-analysis included 10 studies involving 1180 patients who underwent 2 surgical procedures, RRC and LRC. This study showed that compared with LRC, there was no significant difference in first flatus passage (weighted mean difference [WMD]: -0.37, 95% CI: -1.09-0.36, P = .32), hospital length of stay (WMD: -0.23, 95% CI: -0.73-0.28, P = .32), reoperation (OR: 1.66, 95% CI: 0.67-4.10, P = .27), complication (OR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.60-1.14, P = .25), mortality (OR: 0.45, 95% CI: 0.02-11.22, P = .63), wound infection (OR: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.34-1.25, P = .20), and anastomotic leak (OR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.33-1.63, P = .44). This study showed that compared with LRC, the lymph nodes retrieved (WMD: 1.47, 95% CI: -0.00-2.94, P = .05) of RRC were similar, with slight advantages, and resulted in longer operative time (WMD: 65.20, 95% CI: 53.40-77.01, P < .00001), less estimated blood loss (WMD: -13.43, 95% CI: -20.65-6.21, P = .0003), and less conversion to open surgery (OR: 0.30, 95% CI: 0.17-0.54, P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: RRC is equivalent to LRC with respect to first flatus passage, hospital length of stay, reoperation, complication, and results in less conversion to LRC.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/normas , Colectomia/normas , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Tempo de Internação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
JSLS ; 25(2)2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34248343

RESUMO

Introduction: Simultaneous robot assisted colon and liver resections are being performed more frequently at present due to the expanded adoption of the robotic platform for surgical management of metastatic colon cancer. However, this approach has not been studied in detail with only case series available in the literature. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the current body of evidence on the feasibility of performing simultaneous robotic colon and liver resections. Methods: A systematic review was performed through PubMed to identify relevant articles describing simultaneous colon and liver resections for metastatic colon cancer. Results: A total of 28 patients underwent simultaneous resections robotically with an average operative time of 420.3 minutes and average blood loss of 275.6 ml. Postoperative stay was 8.6 days on average with all cases achieving negative surgical margins. Conclusions: Robotic simultaneous resection of colorectal cancer with liver metastases is technically feasible and seems oncologically equivalent to open or laparoscopic surgery. Further studies are urgently needed to assess benefits of robotic surgery in the patient population.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia
3.
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 6(7): 569-577, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33894918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery has been widely used for rectal cancer; however, its long-term outcomes remain controversial. This study aimed to assess the long-term oncological safety of laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer using 10-year follow-up data of the Comparison of Open versus laparoscopic surgery for mid or low REctal cancer After Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (COREAN) trial. METHODS: The COREAN trial is a, open-label, non-inferiority, randomised controlled trial. Eligible participants were aged 18-80 years, had cT3N0-2M0 middle or low rectal cancer with lesions located within 9 cm of the anal verge, and had been treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to open or laparoscopic surgery with a computer-generated random allocation sequence with a random permuted block design. Neither patients nor clinicians were masked to treatment assignment. Open or laparoscopic total mesorectal excision was done 6-8 weeks after the administration of preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (fluoropyrimidines alone, doublet therapy, or triplet therapy) at a dose of 50·5 Gy over 5·5 weeks. Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy was administered for 4 months. The primary endpoint of 3-year disease-free survival was published previously. Here, we report 10-year overall survival, disease-free survival, and local recurrence. Analyses were done in the modified intention-to-treat population of all participants who were randomly assigned and provided follow-up data. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00470951. FINDINGS: Of the 340 patients enrolled in the COREAN trial between April 4, 2006, and Aug 26, 2009 (170 patients in each group), two patients in the laparoscopic surgery group moved abroad and were lost to follow-up, so were not included in this 10-year analysis. The median duration of follow-up was 143 months (IQR 122-156). No differences were observed in 10-year overall survival (74·1% [95% CI 66·8-80·0] in the open surgery group vs 76·8% [69·6-82·5] in the laparoscopic surgery group; p=0·44), 10-year disease-free survival (59·3% [51·1-66·5] vs 64·3% [56·0-71·5]; p=0·20), or 10-year local recurrence (8·9% [5·2-15·0] vs 3·4% [1·4-7·9]; p=0·050) between the open surgery and laparoscopic surgery groups at 10 years after surgery. The stratified hazard ratios, adjusted for ypT and ypN classification and tumour regression grade, for open surgery versus laparoscopic surgery were 0·94 (95% CI 0·63-1·43) for overall survival, 1·05 (0·74-1·49) for disease-free survival, and 2·22 (0·78-6·34) for local recurrence. INTERPRETATION: The 10-year follow-up of the COREAN trial confirms the long-term oncological safety of laparoscopic surgery in patients with rectal cancer treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy. Similar to open surgery, laparoscopic surgery does not compromise long-term survival outcomes in rectal cancer when performed by well trained surgeons. FUNDING: National Cancer Center, Goyang, South Korea.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Colectomia/métodos , Previsões , Laparoscopia/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimiorradioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 6(6): 474-481, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812492

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The only established treatment for preventing colorectal cancer in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is colectomy, which greatly reduces patient quality of life. Thus, an alternative method is warranted. In this trial, we aimed to clarify the individual and joint effects of low-dose aspirin and mesalazine on the recurrence of colorectal polyps in Japanese patients with FAP. METHODS: This was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial with a two-by-two factorial design done in 11 centres in Japan. Eligible patients were aged 16-70 years and had a history of more than 100 adenomatous polyps in the large intestine, without a history of colectomy. Before the study, patients underwent endoscopic removal of all colorectal polyps of at least 5·0 mm in diameter. Randomisation was done with a minimisation method with a random component to balance the groups with respect to the adjustment factors of sex, age (<30 years vs ≥30 years), or smoking status at the time of entry. Patients and researchers were masked to the treatment group. There were four groups: aspirin (100 mg per day) plus mesalazine (2 g per day), aspirin (100 mg per day) plus mesalazine placebo, aspirin placebo plus mesalazine (2 g per day), or aspirin placebo plus mesalazine placebo. Treatment was continued until 1 week before 8 month colonoscopy. The primary endpoint was the incidence of colorectal polyps of at least 5·0 mm at 8 months and was assessed in the intention-to-treat population. Safety was assessed in the ITT population. We also did a per-protocol analysis including only patients who took at least 70% of the allocated study drug. This trial is registered with the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry, number UMIN000018736, and is complete. FINDINGS: Between Sept 25, 2015, and March 13, 2017, 104 patients were randomly assigned to receive either aspirin or aspirin placebo (n=52) or mesalazine or mesalazine placebo (n=52). Two patients withdrew from the aspirin plus mesalazine placebo group. 26 (50%) of 52 patients who received no aspirin had colorectal polyps of at least 5·0 mm at 8 months, as did 15 (30%) of the 50 patients who received any aspirin, 21 (42%) of the 50 patients who received no mesalazine, and 20 (38%) of the 52 patients who received any mesalazine. The adjusted odds ratio for polyp recurrence was 0·37 (95% CI 0·16-0·86) in the patients who received any aspirin and 0·87 (95% CI 0·38-2·00) in any who received mesalazine. The most common adverse events were grade 1-2 upper gastrointestinal symptoms in three (12%) of 26 patients who received aspirin plus mesalazine, one (4%) of 24 patients who received aspirin plus mesalazine placebo, and one (4%) of 26 patients who received mesalazine plus aspirin placebo. There was one grade 4 event in the mesalazine plus aspirin placebo group, but not related to the treatment. INTERPRETATION: Low-dose aspirin safely suppressed the recurrence of colorectal polyps larger than 5·0 mm in patients with FAP. These results suggest an effect of low-dose aspirin for FAP and could be an alternative method for preventing colorectal cancer in FAP. FUNDING: Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development.


Assuntos
Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Quimioprevenção/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Mesalamina/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/genética , Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/patologia , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colectomia/métodos , Colectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Colonoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Mesalamina/administração & dosagem , Mesalamina/efeitos adversos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Efeito Placebo , Qualidade de Vida
5.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 120, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858443

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology guidelines 2018 and the recent update of that (version 2020) recommends accurate examination before major treatment for decision(s) in cases of colon cancer. Also, the difficulty in the identification of the lesion during colectomy may lead to resection of a wrong segment of the colon or a more extensive resection than planned. Accurate pre-colectomy local staging of colon cancer is required to make decisions for treatment of colon cancer. The objective of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the computed tomography colonography (CTC) for pre-colectomy tumor location and tumor, node, and metastasis (TNM) staging of colon cancer. METHODS: Data of preoperative colonoscopies, CTC, surgeries, and surgical pathology of a total of 269 patients diagnosed with colon cancer by colonoscopy and biopsy and underwent pre-colectomy location and TNM staging by CTC were collected and analyzed. The consistency between the radiological and the surgery/surgical-pathological for location and TN stages of colon tumor were estimated with the weighted kappa or kappa coefficient (κ) at 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: CTC detected 261 (93%) and colonoscopy detected 201 (72%) correct locations of tumors. Sensitivity and accuracy of CTC for detection of location of colon tumors were 100% and 92.58% (κ = 0.89; 95% Cl: 0.83-0.95). 72.48% sensitivity, 90.64% specificity, and 83.57% accuracy were reported for CTC in differentiation of tumors confined to the colon wall (T1/T2) from advanced tumors (T3/T4) (κ = 0.69, 95% Cl: 0.51-0.75). 81.01% sensitivity, 89.11% specificity, and 83.93% accuracy of CTC was reported for differentiation of tumors between low-intermediate risk and high risk (κ = 0.68, 95% Cl: 0.53-0.75). 69.31% sensitivity, 66.15% specificity, and 67.14% accuracy of CTC were reported for N staging of tumors (κ = 0.41, 95% Cl: 0.59-0.69). CONCLUSIONS: CTC has high diagnostic parameters for pre-colectomy location and T staging of colon tumors except patients of colon cancer who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III. TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 2.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Colonografia Tomográfica Computadorizada , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Tomografia
6.
Am J Surg ; 221(6): 1211-1220, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Operating on obese patients can increase case complexity and result in worse outcomes. We described the incremental impact of BMI on morbidity and outcomes of colorectal operations and whether laparoscopic and robotic(MIS) approaches mitigate this morbidity differently. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of patients undergoing elective colorectal operations in SCOAP was created to examine the association of increasing BMI on surgical outcomes. Additionally, multivariable logistic regression models were constructed. RESULTS: From 2011 to 2019, 22,863 elective colorectal operations (mean age 62, 55% female) were performed at 42 hospitals. Patients had BMI≥30 in 7576(33%) and BMI≥40 in 1180(5%) of operations. After risk adjustment, BMI≥40 was associated with increased conversions(OR1.57,95%CI1.26-1.96), increased combined adverse events(CAE)(OR1.32,95%CI1.15-1.52), and death(OR2.24, 95%CI1.41-3.55)(all p < 0.01). MIS approaches were each associated with lower CAE(lap OR0.49,95%CI0.46-0.53; robot OR0.42,95%CI0.37-0.47), and death(lap OR0.24,95%CI0.18-0.33; robot OR0.18,95%CI0.10-0.35)(all p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Severe obesity is associated with increased conversion rates and worse short-term outcomes after colorectal surgery, though this trend is partially mitigated with a minimally invasive approach. These findings support the broad application of MIS for colorectal operations in obese patients.


Assuntos
Colo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Obesidade/complicações , Reto/cirurgia , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Colectomia/métodos , Doenças do Colo/cirurgia , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Duração da Cirurgia , Doenças Retais/cirurgia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(11): e25205, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726015

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: One-stage resections of primary colorectal cancer and liver metastases have been reported to be feasible and safe. Minimally invasive approaches have become more common for both colorectal and hepatic surgeries. This study aimed to investigate outcomes of these combined surgical procedures among different approaches.We retrospectively analyzed patients diagnosed as having primary colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastases and who underwent 1-stage primary resection and hepatectomy with curative intent in our hospital. According to the surgical approach for the primary tumor and hepatic lesions, namely open laparotomy (Op) or laparoscopic approach (Lap), patients were classified into Op-Op, Lap-Op (laparoscopic colorectal resection plus open hepatectomy), and Lap-Lap groups, respectively. Clinicopathological factors were reviewed, and short- and long-term outcomes were compared among the groups.The Op-Op, Lap-Op, and Lap-Lap groups comprised 36, 18, and 17 patients, respectively. The superior/posterior hepatic segments were more frequently resected via an open approach. There was no laparoscopic major hepatectomy. The median volume of intraoperative blood loss was smaller in the Lap-Lap and Lap-Op groups (290 and 270 mL) than in the Op-Op group (575 mL, P = .008). The hospital stay after surgery was shorter in the Lap-Lap and Lap-Op groups (median: 17 days and 15 days, vs 19 days for the Op-Op group, P = .033). The postoperative complication rates and survivals were similar among the groups.Application of laparoscopy to 1-stage resections of primary colorectal cancer and liver metastases may offer advantages of enhanced recovery from surgical treatment, given appropriate patient selection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Colectomia/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Laparotomia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Protectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Surg Oncol ; 123 Suppl 1: S30-S35, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Infrapyloric lymph node dissection in right colon cancer patients remains controversial. We aimed to investigate the pattern of infrapyloric lymph node metastasis in right colon cancer patients. METHODS: Clinical and pathological data of 140 colon cancer patients who underwent radical right hemicolectomy and infrapyloric lymph node dissection were retrospectively examined. Patient characteristics, intraoperative conditions, postoperative recovery information, postoperative pathological findings, and follow-up data were examined. RESULTS: About 19, 44, 73, and 4 patients had tumors located in the cecum, ascending colon, hepatic flexure, and right side of the transverse colon, respectively. The median number of harvested lymph nodes and that of positive lymph nodes were 24 (16-30) and 1 (0-7.75), respectively. The lymph node metastasis rate was 41.43% (58/140). The corresponding values for infrapyloric lymph nodes were 3 (1-4), 0 (0-0), and 0.71% (1/140), respectively. The median follow-up duration was 19 (0-65) months in 131 (93.6%) patients. The 5-year overall and disease-free survival rates were 86.3% and 73.5%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Given the low rate of infrapyloric lymph node metastasis in right colon cancer, lymph node dissection is recommended in patients with locally advanced colon cancer at the hepatic flexure and those with suspected infrapyloric lymph node metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Profiláticos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Surg Oncol ; 123 Suppl 1: S36-S42, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The application of pure natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) to intra-abdominal visceral resections remains limited due to the complexity of the dissection. This study aimed to assess the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic right colectomy using a purely transvaginal approach. METHODS: The data of 12 continuous patients with colon neoplasia who underwent transvaginal right colectomy from November 2018 to July 2020 were prospectively collected, and their perioperative events were recorded. RESULTS: The patients' median age was 70.4 years. Four were diagnosed with colon adenoma and eight with adenocarcinoma. The median operative time was 185 min, with a median blood loss of 25 ml. The median time to gas passing was 32.5 h after surgery. The median postoperative hospital stay was 6 days. One operation was converted to hybrid NOTES due to difficulty with the anastomosis, and one was converted to laparoscopic surgery because of vascular injury. Three cases were grades I, II, and III according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. CONCLUSION: Pure NOTES right colectomy using the transvaginal approach is feasible and safe with good short-term outcomes. We recommend this novel technique for highly-selected patients with no more than a D2 dissection performed by experienced colorectal surgeons.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Vagina/cirurgia
10.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 64(3): 284-292, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment for transverse colon cancer involves either extended colectomy or segmental resection, depending on the location of the tumor and surgeon perspective. However, the oncological safety of segmental resection has not yet been established in large cohort studies. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare segmental resection versus extended colectomy for transverse colon cancer in terms of oncological outcomes. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: This study was conducted using a nationwide cohort. PATIENTS: A total of 66,062 patients who underwent colectomy with curative intent for transverse stage I to III adenocarcinoma were identified in the National Cancer Database (2004-2015). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients were divided in 2 groups based on the type of surgery received (extended versus segmental resection). The primary outcome was overall survival. Secondary outcomes were 30- and 90-day mortality, length of hospital stay, and readmission rate within 30 days of surgical discharge. RESULTS: Extended colectomy was performed in 44,417 (67.2%) patients, whereas 21,645 (32.8%) patients underwent segmental resection. Extended colectomy was associated with lower survival at multivariate analysis (HR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.04-1.10; p < 0.001). The subgroup analysis showed that extended resection was independently associated with poorer survival in mid transverse colon cancers (HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.04-1.12; p < 0.001) and in stage III tumors (HR, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.04-1.18; p < 0.001). The number of at least 12 harvested lymph nodes was an independent predictor of improved survival in both overall and subgroup analyses. LIMITATIONS: This study was limited by its retrospective design. CONCLUSION: Extended colectomy was not associated with a survival advantage compared with segmental resection. On the contrary, extended colectomy was associated with slightly poorer survival in mid transverse cancers and locally advanced tumors. Segmental resection was found to be safe when appropriate margins and adequate lymph node harvest were achieved. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B454. ABORDAJE QUIRRGICO DEL CNCER DE COLON TRANSVERSO ANLISIS DE LA PRCTICA ACTUAL Y LOS RESULTADOS ONCOLGICOS UTILIZANDO LA BASE DE DATOS NACIONAL DE CNCER: ANTECEDENTES:El tratamiento quirúrgico para el cáncer de colon transverso implica colectomía extendida o resección segmentaria, según la ubicación del tumor y la perspectiva del cirujano. Sin embargo, la seguridad oncológica de la resección segmentaria aún no se ha establecido en estudios de cohortes grandes.OBJETIVO:Este estudio tiene como objetivo comparar la resección segmentaria versus la colectomía extendida para el cáncer de colon transverso en términos de resultados oncológicos.DISEÑO:Este fue un estudio de cohorte retrospectivo.ESCENARIO:Este estudio se realizó utilizando una cohorte a nivel nacional.PACIENTES:Un total de 66,062 pacientes que se sometieron a colectomía con intención curativa por adenocarcinoma de colon transverso en estadio I-III fueron identificados en la Base de Datos Nacional del Cáncer (2004-2015).PRINCIPALES MEDIDAS DE RESULTADO:Los pacientes se dividieron en dos grupos según el tipo de cirugía recibida (resección extendida versus resección segmentaria). El resultado primario fue la supervivencia global. Los resultados secundarios fueron la mortalidad a los 30 y 90 días, la duración de la estancia hospitalaria y la tasa de reingreso dentro de los 30 días posteriores al alta quirúrgica.RESULTADOS:Se realizó colectomía extendida en 44,417 (67.2%) casos, mientras que 21,645 (32.8%) pacientes fueron sometidos a resección segmentaria. La colectomía extendida se asoció con una menor supervivencia en el análisis multivariado (HR 1.07 IC 95% 1.04-1.10; p <0.001). El análisis de subgrupos mostró que la resección extendida se asoció de forma independiente con una menor supervivencia en los cánceres de colon transverso medio (HR 1.08 IC 95% 1.04-1.12; p <0.001) y en tumores en estadio III (HR 1.11 IC 95% 1.04-1.18; p <0.001). Un número de al menos 12 ganglios linfáticos cosechados fue un predictor independiente de una mejor supervivencia en los análisis general y de subgrupos.LIMITACIONES:Este estudio estuvo limitado por su diseño retrospectivo.CONCLUSIÓN:La colectomía extendida no se asoció con una ventaja de supervivencia en comparación con la resección segmentaria. Por el contrario, la colectomía extendida se asoció con una supervivencia levemente menor en cánceres de colon transverso medio y tumores localmente avanzados. Se encontró que la resección segmentaria es segura cuando se logran los márgenes apropiados y la cosecha adecuada de ganglios linfáticos. Consulte Video Resumen en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B454.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colectomia/tendências , Colo Transverso/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Período Pós-Operatório , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 64(3): 293-300, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence of the oncological safety of minimally invasive surgery in T4 colorectal cancer; however, such support is lacking in N2 disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare oncological and perioperative outcomes of surgical resection for N2 colorectal cancer using an open versus minimally invasive approach. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program's generic and targeted colectomy data sets. SETTINGS: Data about surgery for N2 colorectal cancer were obtained regarding North American hospitals participating in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. PATIENTS: All patients undergoing elective surgical resection for N2 colorectal cancer in participating hospitals between 2014 and 2018 were selected. INTERVENTIONS: Surgical resection of N2 colorectal cancer was performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Our primary outcome was nodal yield. Secondary outcomes included perioperative complications and mortality. RESULTS: A total of 1837 patients underwent open and 3907 patients underwent minimally invasive surgery colectomies for N2 colorectal cancer (n = 5744). Median nodal yield was 20 (interquartile range, 15-27) in the open group and 21 (interquartile range, 16-28) in the minimally invasive group (p < 0.0001); however, nodal harvest between the 2 groups was not significantly different on multivariate analysis. Perioperative complications were higher on univariate analysis in the open surgery group, with respect to key outcomes including anastomotic leak and death (p < 0.001). LIMITATIONS: This study is limited by its retrospective design and by the fact that the staging data collected by the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program are pathological rather than clinical; however, prior studies found a 97% concordance between pathological and clinical N2 determination. CONCLUSIONS: Minimally invasive surgery approaches to colorectal cancer with N2 disease result in equivalent nodal harvests compared with open approaches. Our group supports the use of a minimally invasive approach in advanced nodal stage colorectal cancer in the appropriately selected patient. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B417. LOS ABORDAJES QUIRRGICOS MNIMAMENTE INVASIVOS SON SEGUROS Y APROPIADOS EN EL CNCER COLORRECTAL N: ANTECEDENTES:Existe evidencia emergente de la seguridad oncológica de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva en el cáncer colorrectal T4; sin embargo, semenjante apoyo falta en la enfermedad N2.OBJETIVO:comparar los resultados oncológicos y perioperatorios de la resección quirúrgica para el cáncer colorrectal N2 utilizando un abordaje abierto versus mínimamente invasivo.DISEÑO:Realizamos un estudio de cohorte retrospectivo utilizando los conjuntos de datos de colectomía genéricos y específicos del Programa Nacional de Mejoramiento de la Calidad Quirúrgica.AJUSTE:Hospitales de Norte America que participan en el Programa Nacional de Mejoramiento de la Calidad Quirúrgica del Colegio Americano de Cirujanos.PACIENTES:Todos los pacientes sometidos a resección quirúrgica electiva por cáncer colorrectal N2 en los hospitales participantes entre 2014 y 2018.INTERVENCIONES:Resección quirúrgica de cáncer colorrectal N2.PRINCIPALES MEDIDAS DE VOLORACION:Nuestro resultado principal fue el rendimiento nodal. Los resultados secundarios incluyeron complicaciones perioperatorias y mortalidad.RESULTADOS:1837 pacientes fueron sometidos a cirugía abierta y 3907 pacientes fueron sometidos a colectomías de cirugía mínimamente invasiva por cáncer colorrectal N2 (n = 5744). La mediana del rendimiento nodal fue 20 (IQR 15-27) en el grupo abierto y 21 (IQR 16-28) en el grupo mínimamente invasivo (p <0,0001); sin embargo, el rendimiento nodal entre los dos grupos no fue significativamente diferente en el análisis multivariado. Las complicaciones perioperatorias fueron mayores en el análisis univariado en el grupo de cirugía abierta, con respecto a los resultados clave, incluida la fuga anastomótica y la muerte (p <0,001).LIMITACIONES:Este estudio está limitado por su diseño retrospectivo y por el hecho de que los datos de estadificación recopilados por NSQIP son patológicos más que clínicos; sin embargo, estudios previos encontraron una concordancia del 97% entre la determinación patológica y clínica de N2.CONCLUSIONES:Los enfoques de cirugía mínimamente invasiva para el cáncer colorrectal con enfermedad N2 dan rendimientos nodales equivalentes a abordajes abiertos. Nuestro grupo apoya el uso de abordaje mínimamente invasivo en el cáncer colorrectal avanzado en estadio ganglionar en el paciente adecuadamente seleccionado. Consulte Video Resumenhttp://links.lww.com/DCR/B417.


Assuntos
Colectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Período Perioperatório/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 64(3): 319-327, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditionally, perforated diverticulitis has been managed with an open approach, with a Hartmann procedure or a colectomy with primary anastomosis. Minimally invasive surgery is associated with postoperative advantages in the elective setting and may show a benefit in the emergent setting. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare postoperative outcomes of open vs minimally invasive approaches for emergent perforated diverticulitis. DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program targeted colectomy database using propensity score matching. SETTINGS: Interventions were performed in hospitals participating in the national database. PATIENTS: Patients who underwent emergent colectomy from 2012 to 2017 were included. Procedures were divided into Hartmann procedure and primary anastomosis. Open vs minimally invasive groups were defined by intention to treat. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes measures included length of stay and overall morbidity and mortality. RESULTS: Of 130,616 patients, 7105 met inclusion criteria (4486 Hartmann procedure and 2619 primary anastomosis). A total of 1989 open Hartmann procedure cases were matched to 663 minimally invasive cases. The minimally invasive group underwent longer operations and had lower rates of respiratory failure. There were no differences in overall complications, mortality, length of stay, or home discharge. In the primary anastomosis group, 1027 cases were matched 1:1. The minimally invasive approach was associated with longer operative times, but reduced wound dehiscence, sepsis, bleeding, overall complications, and length of stay. No difference was detected in anastomotic leak, mortality, reoperation, or readmission rates. LIMITATIONS: Limitations include retrospective nature, data loss, nonuniformity, selection bias, and coding errors. CONCLUSIONS: Emergent minimally invasive primary anastomosis results in a shorter length of stay and decreased 30-day morbidity in comparison with open primary anastomosis for perforated diverticulitis. Emergent open and minimally invasive Hartmann procedures for perforated diverticulitis have comparable outcomes, perhaps because of a 40% conversion rate. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B421. ABORDAJE ABIERTO VERSUS MNIMAMENTE INVASIVO PARA COLECTOMA DE EMERGENCIA EN DIVERTICULITIS PERFORADA: ANTECEDENTES:Tradicionalmente, la diverticulitis perforada se ha tratado con un abordaje abierto, con un procedimiento de Hartmann o una colectomía con anastomosis primaria. La cirugía mínimamente invasiva se asocia con ventajas posoperatorias en el escenario electivo y puede mostrar beneficio en el escenario emergente.OBJETIVO:El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los resultados posoperatorios del abordaje abierto versus el mínimamente invasivo para la diverticulitis perforada emergente.DISEÑO:Ésta fue una revisión retrospectiva de la base de datos de colectomía dirigida del Programa Nacional de Mejoramiento de la Calidad Quirúrgica del Colegio Americano de Cirujanos utilizando el pareamiento por puntaje de propensión.ESCENARIO:Las intervenciones se realizaron en los hospitales participantes en la base de datos nacional.PACIENTES:Se incluyeron pacientes que fueron sometidos a colectomía emergente de 2012 a 2017. Los procedimientos se dividieron en procedimiento de Hartmann y anastomosis primaria. Los grupos abierto versus mínimamente invasivo se definieron por intención de tratar.PRINCIPALES MEDIDAS DE RESULTADO:Las medidas de resultado incluyeron la duración de la estancia, la morbilidad general y la mortalidad.RESULTADOS:De 130,616 pacientes, 7,105 cumplieron los criterios de inclusión (4,486 procedimiento de Hartmann y 2,619 anastomosis primaria). 1,989 casos abiertos de procedimientos de Hartmann se emparejaron con 663 casos mínimamente invasivos. El grupo mínimamente invasivo se sometió a operaciones más prolongadas y tuvo tasas más bajas de insuficiencia respiratoria. No hubo diferencias en las complicaciones generales, la mortalidad, la duración de la estancia o el alta domiciliaria. En el grupo de anastomosis primaria, 1,027 casos se emparejaron 1: 1. El abordaje mínimamente invasivo se asoció con tiempos quirúrgicos más prolongados, pero también con tasas reducidas de dehiscencia de herida, sepsis, sangrado, complicaciones generales y la duración de la estancia. No se detectaron diferencias en las tasas de fuga anastomótica, mortalidad, reintervención o reingreso.LIMITACIONES:Las limitaciones incluyen la naturaleza retrospectiva, pérdida de datos, falta de uniformidad, sesgo de selección y errores de codificación.CONCLUSIONES:La anastomosis primaria mínimamente invasiva emergente resulta en una estancia más corta y una disminución de la morbilidad a los 30 días en comparación con la anastomosis primaria abierta para la diverticulitis perforada. El procedimiento de Hartmann abierto y mínimamente invasivo de emergencia para la diverticulitis perforada tiene resultados comparables, quizás debido a una tasa de conversión del 40%. Consulte el Video Resumen en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B421.


Assuntos
Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Diverticulite/complicações , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Perfuração Espontânea/cirurgia , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Colectomia/métodos , Diverticulite/diagnóstico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Feminino , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência Respiratória/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/epidemiologia , Perfuração Espontânea/patologia , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/epidemiologia
13.
Updates Surg ; 73(1): 23-33, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534124

RESUMO

The need for escalation of level of evidence regarding the comparative outcomes of intracorporeal (ICA) and extracorporeal (ECA) anastomosis in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy has been persistently highlighted by previous meta-analyses of level 2 and 3 evidence. A systematic search of electronic databases and bibliographic reference lists were conducted. Overall perioperative morbidity, anastomotic leak, surgical site infection (SSI), paralytic ileus, bleeding, postoperative pain within 5 days, length of incision, conversion to an open procedure, harvested lymph nodes, procedure time, and length of hospital stay were the evaluated outcome parameters. Four randomised controlled trials reporting a total of 399 patients evaluating outcomes of ICA (n = 199) and ECA (n = 200) in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy were included. The ICA was associated with significantly shorter length of incision (MD - 1.82, p < 0.00001), lower postoperative pain score on day 2 (MD - 0.69, p = 0.0007), day 3 (MD - 0.80, p = 0.02), day 4 (MD - 0.83, p = 0.01) and day 5 (MD - 0.49, p < 0.00001) when compared to ECA. Moreover, it was associated with significantly shorter length of hospital stay (MD - 0.27, p = 0.03). However, there was no significant difference in overall perioperative morbidity (RR 0.79, p = 0.47), anastomotic leak (RR 1.29, p = 0.65), SSI (RR 0.61, p = 0.42), bleeding (RR 0.70, p = 0.71), paralytic ileus (RR 0.60, p = 0.45), conversion to open (RD: - 0.02, p = 0.45), number of harvested lymph nodes (MD 0.82, p = 0.06), and procedure time (MD 16.04, p = 0.06) between two groups. The meta-analysis of level 1 evidence demonstrated that laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with ICA has comparable perioperative morbidity but better postoperative recovery than with ECA. The ICA is safe to be practiced more routinely where technical challenges allow.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Idoso , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Ann Surg ; 273(6): 1060-1065, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33630448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes that were the secondary endpoints of a RCT of multi-port laparoscopic colectomy (MPC) versus SILC in colon cancer surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The actual long-term outcomes, such as the 5-year RFS, OS, and recurrence patterns after surgery, have not been evaluated by a RCT. METHODS: Patients with histologically proven colon carcinoma located in the cecum, ascending, sigmoid or rectosigmoid colon clinically diagnosed as stage 0-III were eligible for this study. Patients were preoperatively randomized and underwent complete mesocolic excision. The 5-year RFS, OS, and recurrence patterns were analyzed (UMIN-CTR 000007220). RESULTS: Between March 1, 2012, and March 31, 2015, a total of 200 patients were randomly assigned to either the MPC arm (n = 100) or SILC arm (n = 100). The median follow-up for all patients was 61.0 months. An intention-to-treat analysis showed that the 5-year RFS was 91.0% [95% confidence interval (CI) 85.1%-96.9%] in the MPC arm and 88.0% (95% CI 82.1%-93.9%) in the SILC arm (hazard ratio: 1.37; 95% CI 0.58-3.24; P = 0.479). The 5-year OS was 95.0% (95% CI 91.1%-98.9%) in the MPC arm and 93.0% (87.1%-98.9%) in the SILC arm (hazard ratio: 1.39; 95% CI 0.44-4.39; P = 0.568). There were no significant differences in the recurrence patterns between the 2 arms. CONCLUSIONS: Even though the results of the 5-year OS and RFS in this trial were exploratory and underpowered, there were no statistically significant differences between the SILC and MPC arms. SILC may be an acceptable treatment option for select patients with colon cancer.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(6): e24613, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578570

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Complete mesocolic excision (CME) is being performed more frequently and has recently become an established oncologic surgical method for right hemicolectomy. Despite its advantages, such as its association with early mobilization, a short hospital stay, early bowel movement, mild postoperative pain, and good cosmesis, CME is technically demanding and carries the risk of severe complications. This study aims to compare the clinical, pathological, and oncological results of open and laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with CME.The data of 76 patients who underwent right hemicolectomy with CME and high vascular ligation were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether the open or laparoscopic technique was used.Thirty-two patients underwent open right hemicolectomy, and 44 patients underwent laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. The 2 groups were similar in age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists class, abdominal surgical history, tumor localization, and operation time. No significant differences were found regarding the specimen length, tumor size, harvested lymph nodes, number of metastatic lymph nodes, or tumor grade. According to the Clavien-Dindo classification system, the laparoscopic group had significantly fewer complications than did the open group (11.4% vs 31.2%; P = .04). The open group had a longer postoperative hospital stay than did the laparoscopic hemicolectomy group (9.9 ±â€Š4.7 vs 7.2 ±â€Š3.1 days; P = .002). In addition, the groups were similar with respect to disease-free survival (P = .14) and overall survival (P = .06).The data in this study demonstrated that no differences exist between the open and laparoscopic techniques concerning pathological and oncological results. However, significantly fewer complications and a shorter length of hospital stay were observed in the laparoscopic group than in the open group. Laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with CME and central vascular ligation is a safe and feasible surgical procedure and should be considered the standard technique for right-sided colon cancer.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Mesocolo/cirurgia , Idoso , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Ligadura , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Turquia
18.
Colorectal Dis ; 23(6): 1562-1568, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539644

RESUMO

AIM: The COVID-19 pandemic has forced surgeons to adapt their standard procedures. The modifications introduced are designed to favour minimally invasive surgery. The positive results obtained with intracorporeal resection and anastomosis in the right colon and rectum prompt us to adapt these procedures to the left colon. We describe a 'don't touch the bowel' technique and outline the benefits to patients of the use of less surgically aggressive techniques and also to surgeons in terms of the lower emission of aerosols that might transmit the COVID-19 infection. METHODS: This was an observational study of intracorporeal resection and anastomosis in left colectomy. We describe the technical details of intracorporeal resection, end-to-end stapled anastomosis and extraction of the specimen through mini-laparotomy in the ideal location. RESULTS: We present preliminary results of 17 patients with left-sided colonic pathologies, 15 neoplasia and two diverticular disease, who underwent four left hemicolectomies, six sigmoidectomies and seven high anterior resections. Median operating time was 186 min (range 120-280). No patient required conversion to extracorporeal laparoscopy or open surgery. Median hospital stay was 4.7 days (range 3-12 days). There was one case of anastomotic leak managed with conservative treatment. CONCLUSION: Intracorporeal resection and end-to-end anastomosis with the possibility of extraction of the specimen by a mini-laparotomy in the ideal location may present benefits and also adapts well to the conditions imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Future comparative studies are needed to demonstrate these benefits with respect to extracorporeal anastomosis.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Colectomia/métodos , Doenças do Colo/cirurgia , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Laparoscopia/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/transmissão , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia
19.
Int J Surg Oncol ; 2021: 8859879, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33604087

RESUMO

Results: The mean operative time was significantly longer in the LCME group than that in the OCME group with less mean intraoperative blood loss. Conversion was required in 4 patients (8.3%) in the LCME group. The use of laparoscopy increased the number of harvested lymph nodes compared to the open approach (39.81 ± 16.74 vs. 32.65 ± 12.28, respectively, P=0.010). The laparoscopic approach was associated with a shorter time interval to first flatus as well as shorter time interval to liquid and normal diet after surgery. The postoperative hospital stay was significantly shorter in the LCME group. The complication rate was slightly lower in the LCME (14.7%) than in the OCME group (27.2%) (P=0.252). The 3-year OS in the LCME group was similar to that in OCME (78.2% vs. 63.2%, respectively, P value = 0.423). The three-year DFS in the laparoscopic group was higher (74.5%) than the open group (60.0%), but did not reach statistical significance (P value = 0.266). Conclusions: In conclusion, laparoscopic CME right hemicolectomy is a technically feasible and safe procedure if surgeon expertise is present. LCME has long-term oncologic outcomes (recurrence and survival) comparable to open surgery for management of patients with stage II or III colon cancer.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Mesocolo/cirurgia , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Colo Ascendente/cirurgia , Colo Transverso/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Duração da Cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 64(5): e90-e93, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496476

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Natural orifice specimen extraction is the next step in minimally invasive colorectal surgery but can be technically challenging, with additional risks, especially for oncologic surgery. For several key reasons, sigmoid volvulus is well suited for natural orifice specimen extraction surgery. We describe our method and experience with double-stapled anastomosis transrectal natural orifice specimen extraction for sigmoid volvulus. TECHNIQUE: Using 3- or 4-port laparoscopy, the mesentery is separated from the long sigmoid loop. After the distal bowel is tied off and washed out, the rectum is completely transected and the proximal bowel delivered transrectally through a wound protector. Proximal transection is performed externally, and the circular stapler anvil is set before the bowel is returned into the abdominal cavity. The rectum stump is closed with an endoscopic linear stapler, and a circular-stapled anastomosis is performed. RESULTS: After successful endoscopic decompression, 6 patients underwent elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy with natural orifice specimen extraction for volvulus at China Medical University Hospital from 2015 to 2020. The median operative time was 179 minutes (range, 151-236 min). No intraoperative complications were encountered. The median postoperative length of stay was 4 days (range, 2-9 d). One patient experienced postoperative small-bowel ileus resulting in readmission. The median follow-up duration was 12 months (range, 2-49 mo). One recurrence of volvulus was recorded 27 months postsurgery. CONCLUSION: Uncomplicated sigmoid volvulus can be treated effectively with sigmoidectomy and natural orifice specimen extraction. Surgeons who attempt this procedure should be well versed with conventional laparoscopy but do not necessarily need to be experienced with natural orifice specimen extraction for successful surgery.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia , Volvo Intestinal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Descompressão Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sigmoidoscopia , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Cirurgia Endoscópica Transanal/métodos , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...