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3.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(8): 596-599, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727189

RESUMO

Radical resection is one of the most important treatment for rectal cancer, which requires not only removal of adequate bowel and mesorectum around the tumor, but also thorough lymphadenectomy. Besides, postoperative complications are surgeons' concerns as well. According to different ways to manage inferior mesenteric artery, procedures could be divided into two groups: inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) high ligation and low ligation, which lead to various outcomes of the extent of lymph nodes dissection, survival, preservation of intestinal blood supply, incidence of anastomotic leakage, and postoperative functions including defecation function, urinary function and sexual function. Author believes that for those patients with clinical stage T1, low ligation and D2 lymph nodes dissection could be considered. However, for patients with locally advanced carcinomas (clinical stage T2+or N+), especially suspicious metastasis of lymph nodes around IMA root, high ligation and D3 lymph node dissection is suggested to ensure en bloc resection. As for those patients with high risks for compromised intestinal blood supply, preservation of left colic artery plus D3 lymph nodes dissection might be a feasible way. Intraoperative indocyanine green fluorescent imaging might play a role in quality control of lymphadenectomy.


Assuntos
Artéria Mesentérica Inferior/cirurgia , Protectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Colo/irrigação sanguínea , Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Ligadura/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Mesentério/irrigação sanguínea , Mesentério/cirurgia , Protectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Retais/irrigação sanguínea , Reto/irrigação sanguínea , Reto/cirurgia
4.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(7): 634-642, 2020 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683822

RESUMO

There has been an upsurge of the theory of membrane anatomy in China, but it is still in the initial stage of establishing preliminary framework. The concept of fasciae in membrane anatomy actually refers to the fasciae constituting the particular plane or the 'holy plane'. Therefore, the membrane anatomy can't simply be defined as the anatomical relationship among fascia. The application of the membrane anatomy is also not just to pursue the avascular plane in the surgical field. Nowadays, nonstandard anatomical terms and diversification of views impede the development of the theory of the membrane anatomy. Fasciae occur in embryonic stage, undergo a series of changes in rotation and fusion, and lose the original features, which bring difficulties in understanding the anatomy of fasciae. In this paper, we restore the origin and continuity of fasciae related to the colorectal surgery by cadaveric study, surgical observation and literature review. Taking the TME for example, we also discuss the core content about the fasciae and plane related to 'mesenteric envelope' and complete mesorectal excision. From the perspective of the fasciae integrity, we illustrate the definitions of important anatomical structure and standardized the terminology of fasciae. To study the origin and architecture of fasciae in the view of embryology, integrity and continuity will contribute to establish the standard theoretical system of membrane anatomy.


Assuntos
Fáscia/anatomia & histologia , Mesentério/anatomia & histologia , Mesentério/cirurgia , Cadáver , Colo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Fáscia/irrigação sanguínea , Fáscia/embriologia , Humanos , Mesentério/irrigação sanguínea , Mesentério/embriologia , Reto/cirurgia , Membrana Serosa/anatomia & histologia , Membrana Serosa/irrigação sanguínea , Membrana Serosa/cirurgia
5.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(7): 670-675, 2020 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683829

RESUMO

The introduction of total mesorectal excision and wider use of laparoscopic surgery pushed the field of colorectal surgery into an era of interfasical dissection. The Japanese suggestion of fascial arrangement of the trunk in a multilaminar, symmetrical and parallel way helps in better understanding of fascial relationship and interfascial planes surrounding the colon and the rectum. However, different interpretations of the multilayer retroperitoneal fascial relationship, complexity of fascial structures within the pelvis and dense adhesion between two apposed fasciae at special points make it still challenging for the surgeon to decide on the precise interfascial plane for colorectal mobilization. Small vessels on fasica propria of the rectum and various retroperitoneal fascia, especially ureterohypogastric fascia show distinctive features. The root of small vessels on fascia propria of the rectum helps to identify the anterolateral and posterolateral interfascial plane in the middle and low rectum. The longitudinal trajectory of small vessel on ureterohypogastric fascia and scarcity interfascial vascular communication between mesocolic and retroperitoneal fascia help the surgeon to find and stay in the interfacial plane during colorectal mobilization. More knowledge of fascial and interfascial plane will certainly help achieve better mesocolic mesorectal integrity and reduce the risk of injuries to autonomic nerves. More anatomical, histological and embryological studies are warranted with respect to relationship between small vessels and fasciae.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Fáscia/anatomia & histologia , Mesentério/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Colectomia/métodos , Colo/anatomia & histologia , Colo/cirurgia , Dissecação , Fáscia/irrigação sanguínea , Humanos , Mesentério/anatomia & histologia , Mesentério/irrigação sanguínea , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/etiologia , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/prevenção & controle , Peritônio/anatomia & histologia , Peritônio/irrigação sanguínea , Peritônio/cirurgia , Protectomia/efeitos adversos , Protectomia/métodos , Reto/anatomia & histologia , Reto/cirurgia
6.
Cir. pediátr ; 33(3): 146-148, jul. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193558

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La bolsa colónica congénita (BCC) es una malformación poco común en la que se produce una dilatación variable del colon asociada a malformación anorrectal (MAR); generalmente presenta una fístula hacia el tracto genitourinario. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente femenino de 2 días de vida, sin antecedentes médicos de relevancia, presenta distensión abdominal y ano imperforado. Es sometida a colostomía, presenta evolución irregular con débitos altos a través de la colostomía, se realizan estudios contrastados de imagen donde se observa exteriorización errónea de asa de yeyuno, se somete a laparotomía exploratoria donde se comprueba lo descrito y además se reporta como hallazgo incidental agenesia colónica con desembocadura del íleon en una bolsa de 6 cm de diámetro que se conecta con la vejiga. DISCUSIÓN: La BCC es una patología común en ciertos países orientales y extremadamente rara en países occidentales; en Ecuador no se encontraron registros de casos reportados. Se debe realizar un correcto análisis prequirúrgico de los pacientes con MAR para conseguir una adecuada planificación y abordaje quirúrgico, disminuyendo con ello la morbimortalidad en el paciente


INTRODUCTION: Congenital pouch colon (CPC) is a rare malformation. It causes variable dilatation of the colon associated with anorectal malformation (ARM), usually presenting a fistula towards the genitourinary tract. CLINICAL CASE: 2-day-old female patient, with no relevant medical history. She had abdominal distension and imperforate anus. She underwent colostomy. She had an irregular evolution with high colostomy debits. Contrast imaging studies were performed, which demonstrated an erroneous exteriorization of the jejunal loop. She underwent an exploratory open surgery, which confirmed the previous diagnosis and incidentally found colonic agenesis, with ileum entering in a pouch of 6 cm of diameter that connects with the bladder. DISCUSSION: CPC is a common pathology in certain eastern countries and extremely rare in western countries. In Ecuador, no records of reported cases were found. A correct pre-surgical analysis of ARM patients should be carried out to achieve an adequate planning and surgical approach, thus reducing morbidity and mortality


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Colo/anormalidades , Colo/cirurgia , Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Colostomia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Fístula Intestinal/cirurgia , Radiografia Abdominal
7.
Ann Surg ; 272(2): 210-217, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This trial aimed to provide randomized controlled data comparing Kono-S anastomosis and stapled ileocolic side-to-side anastomosis. BACKGROUND: Recently, a new antimesenteric, functional, end-to-end, hand-sewn ileocolic anastomosis (Kono-S) has shown a significant reduction in endoscopic recurrence score and surgical recurrence rate in Crohn disease (CD). METHODS: Randomized controlled trial (RCT) at a tertiary referral institution. Primary endpoint: endoscopic recurrence (ER) (Rutgeerts score ≥i2) after 6 months. Secondary endpoints: clinical recurrence (CR) after 12 and 24 months, ER after 18 months, and surgical recurrence (SR) after 24 months. RESULTS: In all, 79 ileocolic CD patients were randomized in Kono group (36) and Conventional group (43). After 6 months, 22.2% in the Kono group and 62.8% in the Conventional group presented an ER [P < 0.001, odds ratio (OR) 5.91]. A severe postoperative ER (Rutgeerts score ≥i3) was found in 13.8% of Kono versus 34.8% of Conventional group patients (P = 0.03, OR 3.32). CR rate was 8% in the Kono group versus 18% in the Conventional group after 12 months (P = 0.2), and 18% versus 30.2% after 24 months (P = 0.04, OR 3.47). SR rate after 24 months was 0% in the Kono group versus 4.6% in the Conventional group (P = 0.3). Patients with Kono-S anastomosis presented a longer time until CR than patients with side-to-side anastomosis (hazard ratio 0.36, P = 0.037). On binary logistic regression analysis, the Kono-S anastomosis was the only variable significantly associated with a reduced risk of ER (OR 0.19, P < 0.001). There were no differences in postoperative outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first RCT comparing Kono-S anastomosis and standard anastomosis in CD. The results demonstrate a significant reduction in postoperative endoscopic and clinical recurrence rate for patients who underwent Kono-S anastomosis, and no safety issues.ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT02631967.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Colectomia/métodos , Doença de Crohn/cirurgia , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Mesentério/patologia , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Colo/cirurgia , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Endoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Íleo/cirurgia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(6): 507-512, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575949

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the safety, feasibility and short-term efficacy of totally laparoscopic left colectomy for left colon cancer by using overlapped delta-shaped anastomosis technique for digestive tract reconstruction. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to collect the clinical data of 86 patients with left colon cancer who underwent laparoscopic surgery in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from October, 2017 to February, 2019. The patients were divided into totally laparoscopic left-sided colectomy (TLLC) (treatment group, n=25 cases) and laparoscopic-assisted left-sided colectomy (LALC) (control group, n=61 cases). The intraoperative and postoperative data were compared between the two groups. Results: There were no surgical-related deaths in both groups. All the patients in the TLLC group underwent laparoscopic resection, while one patient in the LALC group transfer to open surgery. The operation time in TLLC group and LALC group were (164.5±42.3) min and (171.0±43.1) min, respectively, without statistically significant difference (P=0.516). However, the intraoperative blood loss of patients in the TLLC group was (36.4±22.7) ml, which was significantly less than (52.9±32.2) ml in the LALC group (P=0.026). The anastomosis time in the TLLC group was (39.1±6.5) min, which was significantly longer than (24.9±5.4) min in the LALC group (P<0.001). Postoperative exhaust time in the TLLC group was (2.6±0.5) days, which was significantly shorter than (3.3±0.8) days in the LALC group (P<0.001). The incision length in the TLLC group was (4.2±2.2) cm, significantly shorter than (7.0±2.5) cm in the LALC group (P<0.001). The length of the resected bowel was (21.0±7.3) cm in the TLLC group, which was significantly longer than (17.5±5.4) cm in the LALC group (P=0.037). The length of hospital stay in the TLLC group was (6.2±1.9) days, which was significantly shorter than (7.9±1.5) days in the LALC group (P<0.001). The incidences of postoperative complications in the TLLC group and LALC group were 0 and 4.9% (3/61), respectively, without statistically significant (P=0.553). No anastomotic complications occurred in both groups. During the follow-up period, neither group of patients was hospitalized again, and no tumor metastasis or recurrence occurred. Conclusions: It is safe and feasible to apply the TLLC with overlapped delta-shaped anastomosis in patients with left colon cancer. It has better short-term effects such as shorter incisions, faster recovery, and shorter postoperative hospital stays, and is worthy of further promotion.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Colectomia/métodos , Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Fístula do Sistema Digestório/epidemiologia , Fístula do Sistema Digestório/etiologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Incidência , Tempo de Internação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Acta Cir Bras ; 35(5): e202000503, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578671

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on colonic anastomosis healing with and without ischemia in rats. METHODS: Forty female rats underwent segmental resection of 1 cm of the left colon followed by end-to-end anastomosis. They were randomly assigned to four groups (n=10 each), a sham group; two groups were submitted to Hyperbaric Oxygen therapy (HBOT) with and without induced ischemia and the induced ischemia group without HBOT. The HBOT protocol evaluated was 100% O2 at 2.4 Atmosphere absolute pressure (ATA) for 60 minutes, two sessions before as a preconditioning protocol and three sessions after the operation. Clinical course and mortality were monitored during all experiment and on the day of euthanasia on the fourth day after laparotomy. Macroscopic appearance of the abdominal cavity were assessed and samples for breaking strength of the anastomosis and histopathological parameters were collected. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in mortality or anastomosis leak between the four experimental groups. Anastomosis breaking strength was similar across groups. CONCLUSION: The HBOT protocol tested herein at 2.4 ATA did not affect histopathological and biomechanical parameters of colonic anastomotic healing, neither the clinical outcomes death and anastomosis leak on the fourth day after laparotomy.


Assuntos
Colo/irrigação sanguínea , Colo/cirurgia , Oxigenação Hiperbárica/métodos , Isquemia/patologia , Precondicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Cicatrização , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Animais , Colo/patologia , Feminino , Isquemia/prevenção & controle , Período Pós-Operatório , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(6): 597-600, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521981

RESUMO

The principle of sphincter-preserving surgery is to preserve the anal sphincter function under the premise of radical resection. Due to low position of rectal tumor, conventional laparoscopic surgery has difficulties in operating in the deep and narrow pelvis, which may lead to inaccurate tissue dissociation, imprecise positioning of tumor edge, excessive stretch of the anal sphincter complex, and excessive removal of distal rectal mucosa. Moreover, pain from abdominal auxiliary incision has an unavoidable side effect for postoperative recovery. With the help of the Liu's transanal microsurgery system, precision functional sphincter-preserving surgery (PPS) can be successfully performed. PPS tries to preserve left colonic artery and pelvic autonomic nerve in the transabdominal operation. In the part of transanal surgery, measurement, localization and resection of the lower edge of the tumor are conducted under a clear and open visual field with the transparent screw anal dilator. After the rectum is cut off, the specimen is taken out through the anus to avoid abdominal incision. Inserting the intestinal supporter to support the bowel stump, full thickness of bowel stump is then sutured with anal canal by vertical mattress suture. Special transanal tube is placed afterwards without routine prophylactic stoma. PPS can achieve precise tumor resection and sphincter preservation simultaneously.


Assuntos
Canal Anal/cirurgia , Protectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/cirurgia , Microcirurgia Endoscópica Transanal/métodos , Canal Anal/irrigação sanguínea , Canal Anal/inervação , Colo/irrigação sanguínea , Colo/inervação , Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Reto/irrigação sanguínea , Reto/inervação
14.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 124, 2020 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32517682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cocoon abdomen is a relatively rare abdominal disease characterized by the total or partial encasement of the small intestinal by a dense fibro-collagenous membrane. CASE PRESENTATION: We reported an unusual case of idiopathic cocoon abdomen with congenital colon malrotation. Laparotomy and sac release were performed on the patient. The patient was no recurrence 6 months after operation. A literature review was also performed. CONCLUSION: Preoperative diagnosis of abdominal cocoon is difficult. A careful history, physical examination and appropriate radiology may be helpful in making a definitive diagnosis. If conservative treatment can't relieve symptoms effectively, surgery is currently considered to be important in the management of this disease.


Assuntos
Abdome/anormalidades , Colo/anormalidades , Anormalidades do Sistema Digestório/diagnóstico , Volvo Intestinal/diagnóstico , Abdome/cirurgia , Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Intestino Delgado/cirurgia , Laparotomia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia
15.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(8): 594-597, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538104

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The National Bowel Cancer Screening Programme guidelines advocate the use of endoscopic tattooing for suspected malignant lesions to assist identification and to facilitate laparoscopic resections. However, endoscopic tattooing practices are variable in endoscopic units, resulting in repeat endoscopy and delay in patient management. The aim of this study was to assess the adherence to tattoo protocol for significant colonic lesions at an endoscopy unit in a large district general hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively collected data were analysed for 252 patients with significant colonic lesions between January 2017 and December 2018. Data were collected through reviewing patient's notes, histopathology findings and endoscopy reports. Data on lesions, complications, number and site of tattoo placed, and any repeat endoscopy for a tattoo were collected. RESULTS: Of the 252 patients, 88% (n = 222) had malignant and 12% (n = 30) had benign lesions. Only 58.7% (n = 148) of those patients who had colonoscopy had tattoo placement reported. Of these 148 cases, the report stated the distance of tattoo in relation to the lesion in only 46% (n = 68) of patients. Unfortunately, 14.3% (n = 36) of patients required repeat endoscopy to tattoo the lesions prior to surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the lack of uniformity of tattoo practice among endoscopists. Despite the National Bowel Cancer Screening Programme guidelines, a significant proportion of colorectal lesions are still not tattooed during their first endoscopy. Some patients had to have repeat endoscopy just for the purpose of tattooing. Active involvement and participation of all endoscopists in the colorectal and the complex polyp multidisciplinary teams may help to improve the tattoo service.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Tatuagem/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carbono/uso terapêutico , Colo/patologia , Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 115(2): 148-154, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369718

RESUMO

This work's objective was to review the entire literature on colorectal surgery in order to best define the surgical indications and their management specificities. The literature analysis was carried out according to High Authority for Health (HAS) methodology, by consulting the PubMed database (Medline), from the beginning of January 1995 until the end of June 2015.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Doenças do Colo/cirurgia , Intestino Grosso/cirurgia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Protectomia/métodos , Doenças Retais/cirurgia , Colo/cirurgia , Doenças do Colo/complicações , Humanos , Doenças Retais/complicações , Reto/cirurgia
18.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(6): 437-441, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374217

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In the UK, general surgeons must demonstrate competency in emergency general surgery before obtaining a certificate of completion of training. Subsequently, many consultants develop focused elective specialist interests which may not mirror the breadth of procedures encountered during emergency practice. Recent National Emergency Laparotomy Audit analysis found that declared surgeon special interest impacted emergency laparotomy outcomes, which has implications for emergency general surgery service configuration. We sought to establish whether local declared surgeon special interest impacts emergency laparotomy outcomes. METHODS: Adult patients having emergency laparotomy were identified from our prospective National Emergency Laparotomy Audit database from May 2016 to May 2019 and categorised as colorectal or oesophagogastric according to operative procedure. Outcomes included 30-day mortality, return to theatre and length of stay. Binomial logistic regression was used to identify any association between declared consultant specialist interest and outcomes. RESULTS: Of 600 laparotomies, 358 (58.6%) were classifiable as specialist procedures: 287 (80%) colorectal and 71 (20%) oesophagogastric. Discordance between declared specialty and operation undertaken occurred in 25% of procedures. For colorectal emergency laparotomy, there was an increased risk of 30-day mortality when performed by a non-colorectal consultant (unadjusted odds ratio 2.34; 95% confidence interval 1.10-5.00; p = 0.003); however, when adjusted for confounders within multivariate analysis declared surgeon specialty had no impact on mortality, return to theatre or length of stay. CONCLUSION: Surgeon-declared specialty does not impact emergency laparotomy outcomes in this cohort of undifferentiated emergency laparotomies. This may reflect the on-call structure at Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, where a colorectal and oesophagogastric consultant are paired on call and provide cross-cover when needed.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Tratamento de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Gastroenteropatias/cirurgia , Laparotomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Certificação/normas , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Colo/cirurgia , Consultores/estatística & dados numéricos , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Estado Terminal/terapia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Tratamento de Emergência/efeitos adversos , Esôfago/cirurgia , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/mortalidade , Cirurgia Geral/organização & administração , Cirurgia Geral/normas , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Reto/cirurgia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estômago/cirurgia , Cirurgiões/organização & administração , Cirurgiões/normas , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Updates Surg ; 72(2): 249-257, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID19 pandemic had a deep impact on healthcare facilities in Italy, with profound reorganization of surgical activities. The Italian ColoRectal Anastomotic Leakage (iCral) study group collecting 43 Italian surgical centers experienced in colorectal surgery from multiple regions performed a quick survey to make a snapshot of the current situation. METHODS: A 25-items questionnaire was sent to the 43 principal investigators of the iCral study group, with questions regarding qualitative and quantitative aspects of the surgical activity before and after the COVID19 outbreak. RESULTS: Two-thirds of the centers were involved in the treatment of COVID19 cases. Intensive care units (ICU) beds were partially or totally reallocated for the treatment of COVID19 cases in 72% of the hospitals. Elective colorectal surgery for malignancy was stopped or delayed in nearly 30% of the centers, with less than 20% of them still scheduling elective colorectal resections for frail and comorbid patients needing postoperative ICU care. A significant reduction of the number of colorectal resections during the time span from January to March 2020 was recorded, with significant delay in treatment in more than 50% of the centers. DISCUSSION: Our survey confirms that COVID19 outbreak is severely affecting the activity of colorectal surgery centers participating to iCral study group. This could impact the activity of surgical centers for many months after the end of the emergency.


Assuntos
Colo/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/estatística & dados numéricos , Surtos de Doenças , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Reto/cirurgia , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Updates Surg ; 72(3): 811-819, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32399595

RESUMO

Purpose of the present study is to analyze risk factors for adverse events after elective colorectal resection. A wide range of adverse events after elective colorectal surgery was reported, anastomotic leakage (AL) and related morbidity and mortality being the most feared ones. Clear definition of risk factors is crucial to limit the related mortality. Prospective, 1-year multicenter enrollment of 1546 elective colorectal resections with anastomosis. Endpoints were anastomotic leakage (AL), overall morbidity, major morbidity and mortality rates (ClinicalTrials.gov; Identifier: NCT03560180). AL rate was 4.92%. Overall morbidity, major morbidity and mortality rates were 30.20%, 9.76% and 1.29%, respectively. Intra- and/or postoperative blood transfusion(s) was the only variable independently influencing all the endpoints: Odds ratios (OR) were 8.15 for AL, 19.33 for overall morbidity, 10.17 for major morbidity and 3.70 for mortality); overall morbidity rates were also independently influenced by American Society of Anesthesiologists class III vs I-II and extra- vs intra-corporeal anastomosis (OR 1.57 and 1.49, respectively); major morbidity rates were also independently influenced by female vs male gender and by the length of the procedure (OR 0.60 and 1.004, respectively); mortality rates were also independently influenced by increasing age (OR 1.16). This study clearly identifies intra- and/or postoperative blood transfusion(s) as an independent risk factor for all adverse events after elective colorectal surgery.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Transfusão de Sangue , Colo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Reto/cirurgia , Reação Transfusional , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Fístula Anastomótica/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
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