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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 1): 698-710, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530190

RESUMO

Anisotropic nanoparticles offer considerable promise for applications but also present significant challenges in terms of their characterization. Recent developments in the electroless deposition of silver patches directly onto colloidal silica particles have opened up a simple and scalable synthesis method for patchy particles with tunable optical properties. Due to the reliance on patch nucleation and growth, however, the resulting coatings are distributed in coverage and thickness and some core particles remain uncoated. To support process optimization, new methods are required to rapidly determine patch yield, thickness and coverage. Here we present a novel approach based on multiwavelength analytical ultracentrifugation (MWL-AUC) which permits simultaneous hydrodynamic and spectroscopic characterization. The patchy particle colloids are produced in a continuous flow mixing process that makes use of a KM-type micromixer. By varying the process flow rate or metal precursor concentration we show how the silver to silica mass ratio distribution derived from the AUC-measured sedimentation coefficient distribution can be influenced. Moreover, through reasoned assumptions we arrive at an estimation of the patch yield that is close to that determined by arduous analysis of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images. Finally, combining MWL-AUC, electrodynamic simulations and SEM image analysis we establish a procedure to estimate the patch thickness and coverage.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Prata , Coloides , Dióxido de Silício , Ultracentrifugação
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 1): 150459, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571229

RESUMO

Polymer ingredients are commonly found in personal care and cosmetic industry and their "leakages" into the environment have recently been warned as an emerging environmental risk. Daily use of personal care and cosmetic products can inadvertently release large amounts of polymer ingredients into water courses. However, their fate and interaction with other constituents, especially colloids (e.g., clays), have not been fully understood. This study primarily evaluates the colloidal dynamics of soil clays under the presence of polyacrylate crosspolymer-11 (PC11) (a common ingredient of cosmetic and personal care products) with the aim of identifying possible induced changes in the clay-accumulated environments, e.g., soil and sediment. The test-tube experiments were coupled with a particle charge detector to mutually evaluate the colloidal dynamics and surface charge properties of the soil clays. It was revealed that adsorption of PC11 onto the clays shifted clay surface to more negative, thereby intensifying repulsive force and favouring the dispersion state of the soil clays. This implies that various polymer ingredients can act in the same way in stabilizing clay dispersion or even altering the fate of the soil clays. As the growing consumption of personal care and cosmetic products will likely continue, it requires a tighter consideration of the possible impacts of polymer ingredient residues, not limited to dispersion-induced effects, in various clay-accumulated environments such as paddy fields, river mouths or mangroves.


Assuntos
Cosméticos , Solo , Adsorção , Silicatos de Alumínio , Argila , Coloides
3.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132018, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454221

RESUMO

Chemical oxidation and high-temperature heating have been widely used for the decontamination of soils polluted by hydrocarbons and the removal of soil organic matter. Chemical oxidation and high-temperature heating decreased the stability of soil colloids, but the difference in colloidal stability and aggregation behaviors of soil after chemical oxidation and high-temperature heating is not clear. In this study, taken black soil as an example, we tested the stability profiles of black soil colloids (BC), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) treated black soil colloids (BC_H2O2), and 350 °C treated black soil colloids (BC_350 °C) in three salt solutions (NaCl, CaCl2, and Na2SO4) with different salt concentrations. The stability of soil colloids in salt solutions was in the order of BC > BC_350 °C > BC_H2O2. The salt concentrations at which three colloids started to be unstable were much lower for CaCl2 solution than those for NaCl and Na2SO4 solution. Salt concentrations that suspension started to be unstable were similar in NaCl and Na2SO4 solution for all the three colloids, but the colloidal stability profile in NaCl solution decreased faster than that in Na2SO4 solution when the suspension was unstable. The stability profiles of three colloids at the fast aggregation stage could be well fitted with the proposed exponential model, and model parameters (t0 and Smax) could reflect the stability behaviors of soil colloids in various salt solutions.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Solo , Coloides , Calefação , Temperatura
4.
Food Chem ; 372: 131223, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614464

RESUMO

A protein/polysaccharide colloidal particle was prepared via combined complex coacervation and heat-induction. When the ratio of ovalbumin (OVA) to carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) was at 1:2, loose flexible particles (low Df) with low surface hydrophobicity were obtained. Conversely, dense and compact particles (high Df) were easily formed at a higher OVA/CMC ratio. Only in the appropriate OVA/CMC ratio, pH will have a greater impact on the colloidal particles. At the pH value of 4.4, the OVA/CMC ratio had a greater impact on the colloidal particles compared to pH. The emulsion stabilized by loose particles had a mean particle size of 3888 nm and was easily flocculated and creamed. On the other hand, compact particles formed a stable emulsion, which had a higher exponent of Δr2 (0.867) and could resist flocculation during the 7 days storage. As such, the results showed that stable emulsion could be realized by utilizing compact particles as emulsifiers.


Assuntos
Carboximetilcelulose Sódica , Coloides , Emulsificantes , Emulsões , Ovalbumina , Tamanho da Partícula
5.
Food Chem ; 371: 131382, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808775

RESUMO

Effects of low methoxyl pectin, milk protein concentrate (MPC), and waxy starch on the encapsulation of green tea-polyphenols in alginate gels produced using spray aerosol technique were evaluated. MPC and waxy starch treated first by cold-renneted induced gelation method and gelatinization method, respectively. DSC thermal analysis and FTIR spectroscopy were used to prove the presence of polyphenols in gel matrixes. The encapsulation efficiency (%EE) and the polyphenols release were investigated using Folin-Ciocalteu assay. The results showed that the addition of biopolymers into alginate gels increased the encapsulation efficiency (%EE) but reduced the release percentage of polyphenol in water and simulated gastric fluid (SGF). Among the three biopolymers, cold-renneted MPC gave the best protection for polyphenols encapsulated in alginate microgels. It increased %EE from 63% to 68% in fresh gels, reduced the release percentage in water from 72% to 62% and reduced the release percentage in SGF from 76% to 67%.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Microgéis , Aerossóis , Coloides , Pectinas , Polifenóis , Amido , Chá
6.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 3): 132197, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547559

RESUMO

The effectiveness of submerged synthetic aquatic vegetation on removal of colloids from flowing water was investigated to explore retention of particulate nonpoint source pollutants in aquatic systems. In colloid transport experiments, the deposition rate coefficient of colloids in dense vegetation is often taken as spatially constant. This assumption was tested by experiments and modeling aimed at quantifying changes in colloid retention with travel distance in submerged synthetic aquatic vegetation. Experiments were performed in a 10-m long, 0.6-m wide flume with a 5-cm water depth under different fluid velocities, initial colloid concentrations, and solution pH values. A model accounting for advection, dispersion and first-order kinetic deposition described the experimental data. The colloid deposition rate coefficient showed a power-law decrease with travel distance, and reached a steady state value before the end of the flume. Measured changes in colloid properties with transport distance (ζ potential and size) could not explain the observed decrease. While gravity was shown to contribute to the decrease, its impact was too weak to explain the decreasing power law trend, suggesting that processes operating in granular media to produce similar outcomes may also apply to submerged vegetation.


Assuntos
Coloides , Gravitação , Cinética , Porosidade , Água
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150233, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520920

RESUMO

Understanding about the influence of biochar colloidal and nanoscale particles on plant is limited. We therefore extracted the colloids and nanoparticles from hot pepper stalk biochar (CB600 and NB600), and examined physiological responses of cucumber early seedlings through hydroponic culture and pot experiment. CB600 had no significant effect on shoot at 500 mg/L, while it decreased root biomass and inhibited lateral root development. The biomass and root length, area, and tip number dramatically reduced after 500 mg/L NB600 treatment. Water content of NB600-exposed shoot was lower, suggesting water uptake and transfer might be hindered. For resisting exposure stress, root hair number and length increased. Even, the study observed swelling and hyperplasia of root hairs after direct exposure of CB600 and NB600. These adverse effects might be associated with the contact and adhesion of CB600 and NB600 with sharp edges to root surface. For a low concentration of 50 mg/L, NB600 did not influence cucumber early seedlings. In soil, CB600 and NB600 did not cause inhibitory effect at relatively high contents of 500 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg. This study provides useful information for understanding phytotoxicity and environmental risk of biochar colloids and nanoparticles, which has significant implications with regard to biochar application safety.


Assuntos
Cucumis sativus , Nanopartículas , Carvão Vegetal/toxicidade , Coloides , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Raízes de Plantas , Plântula , Solo
8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 2): 1402-1410, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587527

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Self-assembled colloidal mobility out of a non-equilibrium system can depend on many external and interparticle forces including hydrodynamic forces. While the driving forces guiding colloidal suspension, translation and self-assembly are different and unique, hydrodynamic forces are always present and can significantly influence particle motion. Unfortunately, these interparticle hydrodynamic interactions are typically overlooked. EXPERIMENTS: Here, we studied the collective behavior of colloidal particles (4.0 µm PMMA), located near the solid surface in a fluid medium confined in a cylindrical cell (3.0 mm diameter, 0.25 mm height) which was rotated vertically at a low rotational speed (20 rpm). The observed colloidal behavior was then validated through a Stokesian dynamics simulation where the concept of hydrodynamic contact force or lubrication interactions are avoided which is not physically intuitive and mathematically cumbersome. Rather, we adopted hard-sphere like colloidal collision or mobility model, while adopting other useful simplification and approximations. FINDINGS: Upon particles settling in a circular orbit, they hydrodynamically interact with each other and evolve in different structures depending on the pattern of gravity forces. Their agglomeration is a function of the applied rotation scheme, either forming colloidal clusters or lanes. While evolving into dynamic structures, colloids also laterally migrate away from the surface.


Assuntos
Coloides , Hidrodinâmica , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Movimento (Física)
9.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 2): 1661-1670, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592553

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Assembly of colloids in drying colloidal suspensions on superhydrophobic surface is influenced by the colloidal interactions, which determine the shape and interior structure of the assembled supraparticle. The introduction of salt (electrolyte) into the assembly system is expected to influence the colloid interactions and packing during the evaporation process. Hence, both the outer shape and internal structure of supraparticles should be controlled by varying salt concentrations. EXPERIMENTS: Suspensions of electrostatically stabilized polystyrene particles with specified salt concentrations were chosen as model systems to conduct the evaporation on a superhydrophobic surface. A systematic study was performed by regulating the concentration and valency of salt. The morphology and interior of supraparticles were carefully characterized with electron scanning microscopy, while the colloidal interaction was established using colloidal probe atomic force microscopy. FINDINGS: Supraparticles displayed a spherical-to-nonspherical shape change due to the addition of salts. The extent of crystallization depended on salt concentration. These changes in shape and structure were correlated with salt-dependent single colloid interaction forces, which were not previously investigated in detail in radially symmetric evaporation geometry. Our findings are crucial for understanding assembly behavior during the drying process and offer guidance for preparing complex supraparticles to meet specific applications requirement.


Assuntos
Coloides , Dessecação , Cristalização , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Suspensões
10.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 2): 1709-1716, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592556

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: In concentrated suspensions, the dynamics of colloids are strongly influenced by the shape and topographical surface characteristics of the particles. As the particles get into close proximity, surface roughness alters the translational and rotational Brownian motions in different ways. Eventually, the rotations will get frustrated due to geometric hindrance from interacting asperities. EXPERIMENTS: We use model raspberry-like colloids to study the effect of roughness on the translational and rotational dynamics. Using Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy and particle tracking, we simultaneously resolve the two types of Brownian motion and obtain the corresponding Mean Squared Displacements for varying concentrations up to the maximum packing fraction. FINDINGS: Roughness not only lowers the concentration of the translational colloidal glass transition, but also generates a broad concentration range in which the rotational Brownian motion changes signature from high-amplitude diffusive to low-amplitude rattling. This hitherto not reported second glass transition for rough spherical colloids emerges when the particle intersurface distance becomes comparable to the roughness length scale. Our work provides a unifying understanding of the surface characteristics' effect on the rotational dynamics during glass formation and provides a microscopic foundation for many roughness-related macroscale phenomena in nature and technology.


Assuntos
Coloides , Vitrificação , Difusão , Movimento (Física) , Suspensões
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149759, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464793

RESUMO

Numerous studies have explored the transport mechanism of biochar colloids in porous medium. However, the effect of feedstock biopolymer compositions and pyrolytic temperature on carbon stability and mobility of biochar colloids is limited. This study prepared four ball milled biochar colloids pyrolyzed from lignin-rich pinewoods and cellulose-rich corn stalks under 300 °C and 500 °C (termed as PW300, PW500, CS300, CS500) and analyzed their differences in the chemical stability and transport behaviors. The results indicated that high contents of lignin in biomass and pyrolytic temperature could enhance the compact aromatic structures of biochar colloids characterized by the elemental composition, FTIR, 13C NMR and XRD analyses. Therefore, PW500 with the strongest chemical stabilities (least C loss of 13%), electronegativity (-44.9 mV vs. -41.6-28.3 mV) and smallest hydrodynamic diameter (608.7 nm vs. 622-997.2 nm) was obtained under ball milling. Moreover, both the critical coagulation concentrations (CCC) and the maximum relative effluent concentration (C/C0) with the NaCl ionic strength of 1 mM were demonstrated to be in the increase order of CS300 (76.1 mM, 70%) < PW300 (183.1 mM, 78%) < CS500 (363.9 mM, 89%) < PW500 (563.1 mM, 95%), which suggested stronger colloidal stability and mobility of PW biochar colloids than those of CS biochar colloids. In addition, the C/C0 for CS300, PW300 and CS500 were about 7.3%-36% lower than that for PW500 with the NaCl ionic strength increasing to 50 mM indicated the notable superiority in the mobility of PW500. These findings can provide new insights toward understanding the transformation and migration, and evaluating the environmental risk of biochar colloids.


Assuntos
Carbono , Lignina , Celulose , Carvão Vegetal , Coloides
12.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1974-1982, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749446

RESUMO

The use of isotropic potential models of simple colloids for describing complex protein-protein interactions is a topic of ongoing debate in the biophysical community. This contention stems from the unavailability of synthetic protein-like model particles that are amenable to systematic experimental characterization. In this article, we test the utility of colloidal theory to capture the solution structure, interactions and dynamics of novel globular protein-mimicking, computationally designed peptide assemblies called bundlemers that are programmable model systems at the intersection of colloids and proteins. Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements of semi-dilute bundlemer solutions in low and high ionic strength solution indicate that bundlemers interact locally via repulsive interactions that can be described by a screened repulsive potential. We also present neutron spin echo (NSE) spectroscopy results that show high-Q freely-diffusive dynamics of bundlemers. Importantly, formation of clusters due to short-range attractive, inter-bundlemer interactions is observed in SANS even at dilute bundlemer concentrations, which is indicative of the complexity of the bundlemer charged surface. The similarities and differences between bundlemers and simple colloidal as well as complex protein-protein interactions is discussed in detail.


Assuntos
Coloides , Peptídeos , Difusão , Proteínas , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo
13.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 182-192, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325340

RESUMO

Understanding the rheology of colloidal suspensions is crucial in the formulation of a wide selection of industry-relevant products, such as paints, foods and inks. To characterise the viscoelastic behaviour of these soft materials, one can analyse the microscopic dynamics of colloidal tracers diffusing through the host fluid and generating local deformations and stresses. This technique, referred to as microrheology, links the bulk rheology of fluids to the microscopic dynamics at the particle scale. If tracers are subjected to external forces, rather than freely diffusing, it is called active microrheology. Motivated by the impact of microrheology in providing information on local structure in complex systems such as colloidal glasses, active matter or biological systems, we have extended the dynamic Monte Carlo (DMC) technique to investigate active microrheology in colloidal suspensions. The original DMC theoretical framework, able to accurately describe the Brownian dynamics of colloids at equilibrium, is here reconsidered and expanded to describe the effects of an external force pulling a tracer embedded in isotropic colloidal suspensions at different densities. To this end, we studied the dynamics of a spherical tracer dragged by a constant external force through a bath of spherical and rod-like particles of comparable size. We could extract valuable details on its effective friction coefficient, being constant at small and large values of the external force, but otherwise displaying a nonlinear behaviour that indicates the occurrence of a force-thinning regime. Our DMC simulation results are in excellent quantitative agreement with past Langevin dynamics simulations and theoretical works for the bath of spherical colloids. The bath of rod-like particles is studied in the isotropic phase, and displays an example where DMC is more convenient than Brownian or Langevin dynamics, in this case, in dealing with particle rotation.


Assuntos
Coloides , Difusão , Método de Monte Carlo , Reologia , Suspensões
14.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 398-409, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332413

RESUMO

The dynamics of a series of soft colloids comprised of polystyrene cores with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) coronas was investigated by diffusing wave spectroscopy (DWS). The modulus of the coronas was varied by changing the cross-link density and we were able to interpret the results within a hard-soft mapping framework. The soft, swellable particle properties were modeled using an extended Flory-Rehner theory and a Hertzian pair potential. Following volume fraction jumps, softness effects on the concentration dependence of dynamics were determined, with a 'soft colloids make strong glass-forming liquid'-type of behavior observed close to the nominal glass transition volume fraction, φg. Such behavior from the current systems cannot be fully explained by the osmotic deswelling model alone. However, inspired by the soft-hard mapping from Schmiedeberg et al, [Europhys. Lett. 2011, 96(3), 36010] we estimated effective hard-sphere diameters and achieved a successful mapping of the α-relaxation times to a master curve below φg. Above φg, the curves no longer collapse but show strong deviations from a Vogel-Fulcher type of divergence onto soft jamming plateaux. Our results provide evidence that osmotic deswelling itself cannot fully explain the observed dynamics. Softness also plays an important role in the dynamics of soft, concentrated colloids.


Assuntos
Coloides , Difusão , Osmose
15.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 863-870, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371429

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that curved surfaces, including cylindrical surfaces, which go beyond prior experiments using flat surfaces, can significantly influence and alter the phase behavior and self-assembly of dense two-dimensional systems of Brownian colloids. EXPERIMENTS: Here, we report a first experimental study regarding the self-assembly of Brownian square platelets with an edge length L = 2.3 µm on cylindrical surfaces having different curvatures; these platelets are subjected to a depletion attraction in order to form a monolayer above the cylindrical surface, yet have nearly hard interactions within the monolayer. Simulations are also performed to confirm and explain the experimental observations. FINDINGS: Phase diagrams as a function of curvature are determined experimentally. Interestingly, hexagonal rotator crystal structures are observed for tubes having radii > 10.9L, but a tetratic phase is seen instead for the 10.9L tube at the corresponding platelet area fractions. We show that this transition is caused by the curvature-induced orientation-dependence of the depletion attraction between the squares and the underlying cylindrical surface. Brownian dynamics simulation results confirm the experimental observations and also illustrate helical structures formed by squares packing on cylinders. Our results demonstrate a way towards control over the self-assembly of anisotropic particles through curvature and depletion-attraction-induced orientational confinement.


Assuntos
Coloides , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular
16.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131604, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303905

RESUMO

The complexation mechanism between pharmaceuticals and natural colloids is still uncertain due to the complexity, heterogeneity, and polydispersity of colloids. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of fluorescence properties on the complexation of chloramphenicol (CAP) and carbamazepine (CBZ) to the colloids from Poyang Lake Basin based on the multiple spectroscopic techniques and methods. Three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy-parallel factor analysis results illustrated that two humic-like components and two protein-like components of colloids from the rivers and lakes were identified, with the much higher fluorescence intensity of the protein-like substance observed in lake samples. The protein-like substance decreased dramatically with the addition of CAP and CBZ, suggesting its higher binding capacity towards these drugs, especially for CBZ. In addition, the fluorescence quenching titration was proceeded to explore the binding mechanism between the colloids and the pharmaceuticals. Results of synchronous fluorescence spectra and two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy demonstrated that the fluorescence quenching effect occurred preferentially between the protein-like substances and the pharmaceuticals, with the stronger complexation for CBZ. Ryan-Weber model fitting results showed that the stability constant ranged from 4.02 to 5.04 with the higher binding capacity observed for the tryptophan-like substance. Combined, the fluorescence components in aquatic colloids could be significantly impacted the complexation of the pharmaceuticals. This study provides deep insights into the fate and pollution protection of pharmaceuticals.


Assuntos
Carbamazepina , Cloranfenicol , Coloides , Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Rios , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
17.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 264: 120286, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450574

RESUMO

In this work, was studied the adsorption and orientation of three dipyridinic derivatives 9,10-bis-((E)-2-(pyridin-4-yl)vinyl)anthracene (DPAC), 1,4-bis-((E)-2-(pyridin-4-yl)vinyl)naphthalene (DPNA-T) and 2,6-bis-((E)-2-(pyridin-4-yl)vinyl)naphthalene (DPNA-L) on gold nanoparticles, using Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS). Systematic modification in the shapes of the bifunctional systems (Cross-shape, T-shape and Linear-shape) shows changes significant in the preferential orientation of these analytes on the nanostructured gold surface. Additional data from UV-vis measurements and TEM images are in agreement with the Reaction Limited Colloid Aggregation (RLCA) mechanisms for DPAC and DPNA-T and Diffusion Limited Colloid Aggregation (DLCA) mechanisms for DPNA-L, showing that for the same analyte concentration, the aggregation mechanism depends on the molecular shape. These results allow us to rationalize the fundamental aspects involved in the development of devices based on plasmonic resonance with potential applications in the field of molecular electronics.


Assuntos
Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Adsorção , Coloides , Análise Espectral Raman
18.
Food Chem ; 368: 130686, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399176

RESUMO

The functionalities of hydrocolloids and enzymes in texture, retrogradation enthalpy, water mobility and distribution, and anti-staling effects of potato steamed bread stored for 0, 24, and 48 h at 25 °C were investigated. Four kinds of hydrocolloids, including carrageenan, xanthan gum, arabic gum, sodium alginate, and one kind of enzyme (xylanase) showed little effects on the hardness reduction and springiness retention of potato steamed bread during storage, while the presence of α-amylase and lipase could slow down its staling rate. Potato steamed bread with combination of α-amylase (20 mg/kg) and lipase (40 mg/kg) exhibited the lowest hardness, with a significant reduction of 44.20%, besides improving the specific volume, L*, and overall acceptability in sensory evaluation. The addition of α-amylase and lipase could decrease the retrogradation enthalpy and bound water, and increase the mobility of mobile water. These findings shed efficient methods to retard staling of potato steamed bread.


Assuntos
Pão , Solanum tuberosum , Pão/análise , Coloides , Vapor , Água
19.
Food Chem ; 370: 130976, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788945

RESUMO

To use hydrocolloids for improving the breadmaking performance of whole wheat flour dough, relationships between hydrocolloid addition and dough thermomechanical, viscoelastic and microstructural properties were investigated. The responses of dough thermomechanical and viscoelastic properties to hydrocolloid addition depended on the hydrocolloid type. A power-law gel model fitted well to the linear and non-linear viscoelastic parameters, i.e., G'(ω), G''(ω) and J(t), of doughs. The model parameters gel strength (S) and exponent (n) were well indicative of hydrocolloid-induced changes in dough strength and relaxation behavior. The torque-scale mixolab parameters C2, C3 and C5, showed a good linear relationship with hydrocolloid addition. These parameters were also well correlated with S and n. Hydrocolloids played a crucial role in the modification for dough microstructure by forming a more continuous gluten network and better connection between starch granules and protein matrix.


Assuntos
Pão , Farinha , Coloides , Glutens , Triticum
20.
Adv Colloid Interface Sci ; 298: 102545, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757286

RESUMO

Dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) is one of the most efficient mesoscale coarse-grained methodologies for modeling soft matter systems. Here, we comprehensively review the progress in theoretical formulations, parametrization strategies, and applications of DPD over the last two decades. DPD bridges the gap between the microscopic atomistic and macroscopic continuum length and time scales. Numerous efforts have been performed to improve the computational efficiency and to develop advanced versions and modifications of the original DPD framework. The progress in the parametrization techniques that can reproduce the engineering properties of experimental systems attracted a lot of interest from the industrial community longing to use DPD to characterize, help design and optimize the practical products. While there are still areas for improvements, DPD has been efficiently applied to numerous colloidal and interfacial phenomena involving phase separations, self-assembly, and transport in polymeric, surfactant, nanoparticle, and biomolecules systems.


Assuntos
Coloides , Nanopartículas , Polímeros , Tensoativos
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