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1.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 104(4): 257-260, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939845

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess faecal immunochemical test (FIT) negativity in terms of its effect on cancer risk in the local symptomatic two-week wait (2WW) population. FIT was introduced to the colorectal 2WW pathway at the start of the pandemic. This study analyses the FIT-negative (<10µg Hb/g) cohort and calculates the relative risk and odds ratio associated with a negative FIT test. METHODS: FIT tests were sent to symptomatic 2WW patients without rectal bleeding, iron-deficient anaemia or palpable mass. Where FIT was <10µg Hb/g investigations were moved to a radiology protocol. RESULTS: The test return rate was 91% with a FIT-negative (<10µg Hb/g) rate of 82%. The FIT-negative group in the symptomatic referral pathway in Cornwall have a low (1.4%) risk of colon cancer but a significant risk (6.6%) when all cancer types are considered. The impact of a negative quantitative FIT changes the odds ratio of a patient having a luminal cancer by 0.26. The odds ratio for 'all cancer' risk was affected by 0.83. CONCLUSION: A negative FIT test within the local NG12 symptomatic patient group signifies a low risk of colon cancer and identifies patients who can be initially investigated with cross-sectional imaging. However, when all cancer types are considered, cancer prevalence in this group remains above 6%. In relative risk terms a negative FIT represents a small change in overall risk and this patient group still qualify for investigation through 2WW pathways.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Fezes , Humanos , Sangue Oculto , Reto , Encaminhamento e Consulta
2.
South Med J ; 115(9): 693-697, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055657

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Adenomatous polyps are common, occurring in up to 25% of the population older than 50 years of age in the United States. Conflicting data are present in the literature about the impact of specific adenoma locations and the prediction on the number and advanced histology of adenomas elsewhere. With this study we aimed to review the association between cecal adenoma and the risk of discovering more and advanced adenomas in the remainder of the colon. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 1880 patients who received outpatient colonoscopies between June 2012 and December 2014 at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Oklahoma City. The data collected included patient demographics, indications for colonoscopy, smoking history, alcohol use, family history of colon cancer, quality of bowel preparation, number of adenomas, location, size of adenomas, and the histology of adenomas and colon cancer. RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 61.6 ± 9.4 year, with 95% of the population being men. Cecal adenomas were found in 243 (12.9%) of patients. Patients with cecal adenoma tended to be older (65 ± 7 vs 61 ± 10, P < 0.0001), more likely to be men (97% vs 94%, P = 0.06) and less likely to have a colonoscopy done for screening indication (11% vs. 13%., P = 0.03). After adjusting for age, sex, indication, and quality of bowel preparation, patients with cecal adenoma were found to have a sixfold increase in finding ≥10 other adenomas elsewhere (4.5% vs 0.8% P = 0.0009) and a threefold increase in finding advanced adenomas (17.7% vs 9.9% P = 0.002) in the remainder of the colon. Stratifying by location, the increased risk was more pronounced in the right side (24.7% vs 8.9% P ≤ 0.0001) compared with the left side. CONCLUSIONS: Cecal adenoma is associated with an increased risk of finding more and advanced adenomas in the remainder of the colon, especially on the right side; therefore, the discovery of a cecal adenoma should prompt a more thorough evaluation of the entire colon, particularly the right colon.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Neoplasias do Colo , Pólipos do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Pol Przegl Chir ; 94(4): 15-19, 2022 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047354

RESUMO

<b>Aim:</b> Colorectal cancers are common cancers. Colonoscopy procedure, which is applied in the early diagnosis and treatment of this disease, has a very important role. In this study, we aimed to examine the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic period on our colonoscopic procedures. </br></br> <b> Material and methods:</b> In this observational study, the data of the patients who underwent colonoscopy in our General Surgery Endoscopy Unit, between March 11, 2019 and March 12, 2021 were scanned retrospectively. Patients under 18 years of age were excluded. The patients were divided into 2 groups. 1. Group patients between 11 March 2019-11 March 2020; patients in the pre-COVID-19 period, Group 2, on March 12, 2020-March 12, 2021; Grouped as the COVID-19 era. </br></br> <b>Results:</b> Data of 8285 patients were analyzed. A total of 4889 patients in Group 1 and 3396 patients in Group 2 were included in the study. The detection of precancerous polyps between the groups was found to be significantly higher in group 1 (p < 0.05) (4.3% vs 2.1). Similarly, the presence of precancerous polyps over the age of 65 was found to be significantly higher in the pre-covid group. In group 1, no significant difference was found in the evaluation of cancer patients according to gender (p > 0.05) (F/M: 1.2%/1.6%). In group 2, cancer patients were found to be significantly higher in males. </br></br> <b>Conclusions:</b> The COVID-19 pandemic has had negative effects in many areas, as well as on our colonoscopic procedures. Experienced centers continue to work to minimize these negative effects.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas , Adolescente , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Colonoscopia , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
N Z Med J ; 135(1561): 22-30, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Artificial intelligence-assisted colonoscopy (AIAC) has gained attention as a tool to assist with polyp detection during colonoscopy. Uncertainty remains as to the clinical benefit, given limited publications using different modules. METHOD: A single-centre retrospective study was performed at Waitemata Endoscopy, a private endoscopy centre in Auckland, New Zealand. An Olympus Endo-AID module was utilised for the first time by 13 experienced endoscopists. Outcomes from AIAC between 10 March 2021 to 23 April 2021 were compared to a subsequent non-AI conventional colonoscopy (CC) control group from 27/4/21 to 20/6/21. RESULTS: A total of 213 AIACs were compared with 213 CCs. Baseline patient age, gender, indication for procedure, bowel preparation scores and specialty of proceduralist (gastroenterologist or surgeon) were well matched (p>0.05). The withdrawal time was significantly longer in the AIAC group compared to CC controls (15 vs 13 minutes; p<0.001). The adenoma detection rate (ADR) was significantly higher in the AIAC group compared to CC group (47.9% vs 38.5%; odds ratio 1.59; 95% CI [1.05-2.41]; p=0.03). The overall polyp detection rate (PDR) was similar between groups (70% vs 70%; p=0.79). Analysis by polyp size, location and other histology was not significant between groups. CONCLUSION: AI-assisted colonoscopy significantly improved ADR compared with conventional colonoscopy. Further research is required to understand its utility and impact on long-term clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Pólipos do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Inteligência Artificial , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Colonoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 961, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. Several studies suggest using the Asia-Pacific colorectal screening (APCS) score and its modified versions to select high-risk populations for early colonoscopy, but external validation remains rare, and which score should be selected for CRC screening in China is unclear. Validation of multiple scores in the same population might help to choose the best performing score. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study under the framework of Cancer Screening Program in Urban China, data from asymptomatic colorectal cancer screening in Xuzhou was used to validate the APCS score, the colorectal neoplasia predict (CNP) score, the Korean colorectal screening (KCS) score, the Modified APCS score and the 8-point risk score in predicting colorectal advanced neoplasia (CAN). RESULTS: 1804 subjects were included in the analysis and 112 CAN (6.21%) was detected. In each score, the detection rate of CAN was higher in the high-risk group than in the non-high-risk group (P < 0.05), and the RR (95%C.I.) ranged 2.20 (1.50-3.22) [8-point risk] to 4.00 (2.41-6.65) [Modified APCS]. The c-statistics (95%C.I.) of the scoring systems ranged from 0.58 (0.53-0.62) [8-point risk] to 0.65 (0.61-0.69) [KCS]. The sensitivity (95%C.I.) of these systems ranged from 31.25 (22.83-40.70) [8-point risk] to 84.82 (76.81-90.90) [Modified APCS], while the specificity (95%C.I.) ranged from 43.50 (41.12-45.90) [Modified APCS] to 83.81 (81.96-85.53) [8-point risk]. Using the APCS scoring system as a comparator, the net reclassification improvement (NRI) of each modified version ranged from - 10.34% (95%C.I.: - 22.63 to 1.95%) [8-point risk] to 4.79% (95%C.I.: - 1.50% to 11.08) [KCS]. The colonoscopy resource load (95%C.I.) ranged from 9 [1-3] [8-point risk] to 11 [3-5] [APCS and Modified APCS]. CONCLUSIONS: The APCS score and its modified versions have certain ability to predict the risk of advanced neoplasia and reduce the resource load. The modified APCS score and the KCS score seemed the preferable systems to classify high risk subjects based on its high RR, sensitivity and predictive ability in the selected population. Future research could focus on adding risk factors or combining with laboratory test results to improve the predictive power of the scoring system.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais , Ásia/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Humanos
6.
J Natl Compr Canc Netw ; 20(9): 989-996.e1, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is recommended for triaging primary care patients in England with low-risk symptoms of colorectal cancer (CRC). The evidence underpinning recommendations by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence had limitations, with a paucity of primary care evidence. This study examines the diagnostic accuracy of FIT in a defined low-risk symptom primary care population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive symptomatic adult patients referred for a FIT between October and December 2019 were included. Patients were derived from 225 primary care practices in England. Serious colorectal diseases (CRC, high-risk polyps, and inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]) were identified through patient follow-up over 18 months, using both primary and secondary healthcare records. Performance characteristics of FIT are reported according to differing thresholds, including the currently recommended threshold of ≥10 µg hemoglobin per gram of feces (µg/g). RESULTS: A total of 3,506 patients were included in the final analysis. Of these, 708 had a positive FIT result (≥10 µg/g). The prevalence of CRC was 1.3%. FIT positivity declined from 20.2% to 5.8% and 4.5% at cutoffs of 10, 80, and 120 µg/g, respectively. The sensitivity of FIT at ≥10 µg/g to detect CRC was 91.1% (95% CI, 77.9%-97.1%); its specificity was 80.7% (95% CI, 79.3%-82.0%); the positive predictive value (PPV) was 5.8% (95% CI, 4.2%-7.8%); and the negative predictive value (NPV) was 99.9% (95% CI, 99.6%-99.95%). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.93 (0.91-0.96). PPV and specificity increased, whereas sensitivity and NPV decreased when serious colorectal diseases (CRC, high-risk polyps, and IBD) were combined. Age, sex, socioeconomic deprivation, and anemia did not significantly influence FIT sensitivity on subgroup analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Utilization of FIT at a threshold ≥10 µg/g can safely triage patients with low-risk symptoms in primary care, with negative results effectively ruling out CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Adulto , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Fezes/química , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Sangue Oculto , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 22(1): 424, 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colonoscopy is a standard procedure for evaluating colon diseases and screening for colorectal cancer, and bowel cleanliness prior to colonoscopy is key. The aim of this study was to compare the bowel cleansing efficacy of low-volume (2 L) split-dose polyethylene glycol (PEG) plus single-dose (24 µg) lubiprostone (LB) and high-volume (4 L) split-dose PEG. METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo outpatient colonoscopy between December 2019 and June 2021 at Rajavithi Hospital were enrolled and randomized into two groups: 2 L PEG + LB or 4 L PEG. Colon cleanliness was evaluated using the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS) by reviewing images of the colon after completion of colonoscopy. Secondary outcomes comprised cecal intubation rate, procedure time, withdrawal time, polyp detection rate, adenoma detection rate, patient satisfaction, compliance (based on complete ingestion of bowel preparation regimen), willingness to repeat the preparation regimen, and associated adverse events. RESULTS: One hundred and forty patients were included, with 70 in each group. The mean total and segment-specific BBPS scores were not significantly different between groups. However, the rate of adequate bowel preparation was significantly higher in the 2 L PEG + LB group than the 4 L PEG group (100% [95% CI 94.6-100] versus 88.4% [95% CI 78.4-94.9], p = 0.004) in the per-protocol analysis. Colonic polyps were the most common finding. The polyp detection rate, adenoma detection rate, and all secondary outcomes were statistically similar in the two groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of 2 L split-dose PEG plus LB improves bowel cleanliness (based on BBPS scores) to a comparable degree to the standard 4 L split-dose PEG, without additional adverse events and with a lower PEG volume.


Assuntos
Catárticos , Polietilenoglicóis , Catárticos/efeitos adversos , Ceco , Colonoscopia/métodos , Humanos , Lubiprostona , Polietilenoglicóis/efeitos adversos
8.
Artif Intell Med ; 131: 102363, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100343

RESUMO

Deep learning based computer-aided diagnosis technology demonstrates an encouraging performance in aspect of polyp lesion detection on reducing the miss rate of polyps during colonoscopies. However, to date, few studies have been conducted for tracking polyps that have been detected in colonoscopy videos, which is an essential and intuitive issue in clinical intelligent video analysis task (e.g. lesion counting, lesion retrieval, report generation). In the paradigm of conventional tracking-by-detection system, detection task for lesion localization is separated from the tracking task for cropped lesions re-identification. In the multi object tracking problem, each target is supposed to be tracked by invoking a tracker after the detector, which introduces multiple inferences and leads to external resource and time consumption. To tackle these problems, we proposed a plug-in module named instance tracking head (ITH) for synchronous polyp detection and tracking, which can be simply inserted into object detection frameworks. It embeds a feature-based polyp tracking procedure into the detector frameworks to achieve multi-task model training. ITH and detection head share the model backbone for low level feature extraction, and then low level feature flows into the separate branches for task-driven model training. For feature maps from the same receptive field, the region of interest head assigns these features to the detection head and the ITH, respectively, and outputs the object category, bounding box coordinates, and instance feature embedding simultaneously for each specific polyp target. We also proposed a method based on similarity metric learning. The method makes full use of the prior boxes in the object detector to provide richer and denser instance training pairs, to improve the performance of the model evaluation on the tracking task. Compared with advanced tracking-by-detection paradigm methods, detectors with proposed ITH can obtain comparative tracking performance but approximate 30% faster speed. Optimized model based on Scaled-YOLOv4 detector with ITH illustrates good trade-off between detection (mAP 91.70%) and tracking (MOTA 92.50% and Rank-1 Acc 88.31%) task at the frame rate of 66 FPS. The proposed structure demonstrates the potential to aid clinicians in real-time detection with online tracking or offline retargeting of polyp instances during colonoscopies.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo , Colonoscopia , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Colonoscopia/métodos , Humanos
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(35): e30355, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107563

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Low-volume bowel preparation has been developed to increase patient compliance. We compared 1 L of polyethylene glycol/ascorbic acid (PEG/Asc) and oral sodium sulfate (OSS) with respect to bowel preparation efficacy, compliance, and safety. METHODS: A multicenter, prospective, randomized, single-blinded, non-inferiority trial was conducted in 3 hospitals. Patients were randomized to receive a bowel-cleansing agent. Bowel-cleansing efficacy was evaluated using the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS). Satisfaction, feeling, taste of the bowel cleanser, and adverse events after taking the bowel cleanser were investigated through a questionnaire. Additionally, blood samples were analyzed before and after bowel cleansing. RESULTS: In total, 172 patients were analyzed (85 with 1 L PEG/Asc and 87 with OSS), and the mean BBPS scores were comparable between agents. The 1L PEG/Asc group tended to have a higher BBPS score in the right colon (2.22 vs 2.02; P = .08). The compliance of 1 L of PEG/Asc was comparable to that of OSS. Patients taking 1 L PEG/Asc reported greater thirst and dizziness (P = .04 and P = .047, respectively) than the OSS cohort. On the other hand, gastrointestinal symptoms such as vomiting and abdominal distension were more common in the OSS group, without statistical significance. In terms of laboratory adverse events, elevation of serum creatinine was found in both groups after taking the bowel cleansing agent (P < .001 for the 1L PEG/Asc group; P = .04 for the OSS group). However, most of the increased values were within the normal ranges. DISCUSSION: The 1L PEG/Asc treatment was comparable to OSS in terms of bowel preparation efficacy, compliance, and safety.


Assuntos
Catárticos , Polietilenoglicóis , Ácido Ascórbico/efeitos adversos , Catárticos/efeitos adversos , Colonoscopia/métodos , Creatinina , Detergentes , Humanos , Polietilenoglicóis/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Sulfatos
11.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 56(9): 772-780, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND GOALS: Colonic polyp surveillance guidelines are based on data from patients 50 and above. Given the recent lowering for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening to age 45, the aim of this study was to assess whether existing colonic polyp surveillance guidelines are appropriate to use in younger patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent 2 colonoscopies within a 10-year period. Five Risk Stratification Groups (RSG) were developed based on surveillance colonoscopy interval times recommended by the US Multi-Society Task Force (USMSTF) on CRC, and changes in RSG from index to surveillance colonoscopy were compared between 3 age cohorts-those below 45, those 45 to 49, and those 50 and above. Further analysis was performed for patients whose RSG worsened from index to surveillance colonoscopy, as this was defined as an inappropriate surveillance interval. RESULTS: A total of 1895 patients were included in the final analysis. A multivariate regression model showed that a worsened RSG was not significantly associated with age group, both when comparing below 45 to those 50 and above [odds ratio (OR)=0.840, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.504-1.399, P=0.50] and when comparing those 45 to 49 to those 50 and above (OR=1.416, 95% CI: 0.905-2.216, P=0.13). Only being female was found to be statistically associated with worsened RSG after controlling for other variables (OR=0.652, 95% CI: 0.486-0.875, P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our study found that younger cohorts of patients, both below 45 and those 45 to 49, are not statistically more likely to develop more advanced polyps necessitating a shorter time to surveillance colonoscopy compared with patients 50 years and above. This finding supports using existing colonic polyp surveillance colonoscopy guidelines that were developed for patients 50 years and above in both patients below 45 and those 45 to 49 years old.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2022: 8169649, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092537

RESUMO

Methods: A total of 120 patients were randomized to receive either the control group (n = 64) or the experimental group (n = 65). Patients in the control group adopted the low-volume split-dose regimen one, and patients in the experimental group adopted the low-volume split-dose regimen two. Those randomized to regimen one were instructed to take 0.75 L PEG two hours after dinner the day before the colonoscopy and 1.5 L PEG 4 hours before the colonoscopy. Patients assigned to regimen two were invited to consume 1.5 L PEG two hours after dinner the day before the colonoscopy and 0.75 L PEG 4 hours before the colonoscopy. The quality of bowel preparation, rated according to a Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS), represented the primary outcome measure. Tolerability, satisfaction, and lesions detection rated were secondary outcomes. Results: There was no significant difference between the transverse colon and right colon scores between the two groups (P > 0.05). The low-volume split-dose regimen two showed a higher success rate for cleansing of the right colon and overall colon (P < 0.05). For the comparison of the patients' bowel tolerance, there were no statistical differences between the two groups regarding thirst, abdominal pain or abdominal discomfort, abdominal distension, dizziness or headache, anal discomfort, and sleep disturbance (P > 0.05). However, regimen two had significantly less nausea, vomiting, and fatigue than regimen one (24.62% vs. 42.19%, P=0.034; 10.77% vs. 25.00%, P=0.035; 6.15% vs. 21.88%, P=0.010, respectively). Patient-reported satisfaction and willingness to repeat the bowel preparation were significantly higher for low-volume split-dose regimen two than for low-volume split-dose regimen one (P=0.011; P=0.015). Conclusions: In early morning colonoscopies, the bowel-cleansing efficacy and patient tolerability of low-volume split-dose regimen two were superior to low-volume split-dose regimen one.


Assuntos
Catárticos , Polietilenoglicóis , Catárticos/efeitos adversos , Colonoscopia , Eletrólitos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 22(1): 420, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biomarkers such as fecal calprotectin (FC) and fecal immunochemical occult blood tests (FIT) for ulcerative colitis (UC) are used in clinical practice. In this study, the effect of UC disease duration on FC was investigated and compared to that on FIT. METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight colonoscopic examinations and two fecal biomarkers measurements were performed. The cases of UC were divided into short- and long-term disease-duration groups or categorized into three groups with disease durations of 0-5, 6-13, and 14-38 years. We analyzed correlations between biomarker levels and endoscopic scores, including the Mayo endoscopic subscore (MES), ulcerative colitis endoscopic index of severity, and the sum of MES. RESULTS: In the analysis of short- and long-term disease durations, the three endoscopic scores and biomarker levels showed significant correlations in both long-term and short-term groups. Most of the correlation coefficients for the individual long-term group were lower than the corresponding values for all cases, while most of the correlation coefficients for the individual short-term groups were higher than the corresponding values for all cases. In the three-group analysis (disease durations of 0-5, 6-13, and 14-38 years), the two biomarkers and three endoscopic scores showed significant correlations, and most of the correlation coefficients between biomarkers and endoscopic scores tended to be lower in the long-term follow-up group. In the receiver operating characteristic analysis for predicting mucosal healing in the three groups, the area under the curve for FC and FIT concentrations in the 0-5 year disease-duration group showed particularly higher values than those for the other two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Similar to FIT, FC is affected by the duration of UC, indicating that FC may be a highly useful biomarker, especially in short-term disease.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Biomarcadores/análise , Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Colonoscopia , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal , Complexo Antígeno L1 Leucocitário/análise , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2022: 6010367, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111243

RESUMO

Methods: Eligible patients were randomly allocated into the abdominal bandage and conventional groups during a routine colonoscopy. The primary outcome was CCR. Results: A total of 250 eligible patients were randomly assigned to the abdominal bandage and conventional groups from January 2021 to April 2021. Eleven patients (five in the abdominal bandage group and six in the conventional group) were excluded due to schedule cancellation after randomization, and 239 patients were eventually included in the final analysis. There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding baseline characteristics (P > 0.05). Furthermore, no significant differences were observed in terms of advanced adenoma detection rate (AADR), polyp detection rate (PDR), bowel preparation scale (BBPS), bubble scale (BS), and withdrawal time between the two groups (P > 0.05). However, compared with the conventional group, the cecal insertion time (CIT) of the abdominal bandage group was significantly shortened (279.00 (234.50-305.75) vs. 421.00 (327.00-485.00), P < 0.001), and the CCR (96.7% vs. 88.2%, P = 0.01) and adenoma detection rate (ADR) (47.5% vs. 32.8%, P < 0.001) were improved. Besides, logistic regression analysis showed that body mass index (BMI) and abdominal compression bandage were associated with CCR. Conclusions: Abdominal compression bandages could effectively shorten CIT and improve CCR and ADR for obese patients during a routine colonoscopy. This trial is registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (No. ChiCTR2100043556).


Assuntos
Adenoma , Colonoscopia , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adulto , Bandagens Compressivas , Humanos , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(9): 1469-1478, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117356

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically summarize and evaluate the development of update and detailed recommendations of the existing global screening guidelines in high-risk population with a family history of colorectal cancer. Methods: The words "colorectal cancer", "screening", "guideline", "consensus", "recommendations" and "family history" in Chinese and English were used as MESH terms for literature retrieval, as well as entry terms. The retrieval was performed based on China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science, as well as official websites. The languages of literatures were limited in Chinese and English. As of May 24, 2022, a total of 20 valid literatures had been retrieved. The basic information of the literatures and the recommendations of colorectal cancer screening for people with family history were collected and analyzed. Results: The analysis on the 20 literatures indicated that most countries/regions/institutions recommended age range of screening, screening modalities and intervals for people with family history of colorectal cancer. For the individuals who have one first-degree relative diagnosed with colorectal cancer before 60 years of age,most guidelines recommended the screening to be started at 40 years or 10 years earlier than the age when the youngest first-degree relative was diagnosed. The most commonly recommended screening modality was colonoscopy. Conclusions: Most current screening guidelines for high-risk people with family history of colorectal cancer recommend colonoscopy as the main modality. This review will provide reference for the update of screening strategies in high-risk people with family history of colorectal cancer in China, and further improve the practices of screening, early diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Adulto , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Fatores de Risco
19.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 80: 102244, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057171

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High participation rates are important for a colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programme to be effective. Having a long travelling distance to screening centres may impede participation. METHODS: We analysed the association between driving time from home address to screening centre and participation among individuals invited to screening with faecal immunochemical test (FIT) (n = 68,624) or sigmoidoscopy (n = 46,076) in a randomized trial in Norway in 2012-17. Two screening centres were involved. We fitted multiple logistic regression models, adjusted for demographic, socioeconomic and health characteristics, and reported odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Participation rates were 58.9 % (n = 40,445) for FIT and 51.9 % (n = 23,911) for sigmoidoscopy. In sigmoidoscopy, participation was 56.9 % and 47.9 % in those living < 20 and > 60 min by car from the screening centres, respectively. For each 10 min driving time increase, OR for participating in sigmoidoscopy screening was 0.93 (95 % CI 0.91-0.95). There was a significant difference between the two screening centres (p-value for heterogeneity <0.001). Participation in FIT screening were 61.2 % and 57.1 % in those with < 20 and > 60 min driving time, respectively, and the OR was 0.98 (95 % CI 0.96-0.99) for each 10 min increase (heterogeneity between screening methods, P-value <0.001). Among those with a positive FIT, compliance to colonoscopy was higher in those living < 20 compared to > 60 min from the centres (95.1 % vs. 92.9 %, respectively, OR 0.86; 95 % CI 0.77-0.93 for each 10 min increase). CONCLUSIONS: Driving time to screening centre was a significant predictor of participation, mainly in sigmoidoscopy. There were local differences in the impact of driving time on participation. Driving time also affected compliance to colonoscopy after a positive FIT. When planning a CRC screening programme, one should consider offering people living far from screening sites special assistance to facilitate their participation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Sigmoidoscopia , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Testes Hematológicos , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Sangue Oculto , Sigmoidoscopia/métodos
20.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 80: 102240, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058037

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: The value of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program in a population with a limited participation rate is debated. This study assesses the real-life performances of different screening tests in a population benefiting from an organized program and included in a cancer registry. METHODS: Patients who participated in at least one screening campaign between 2004 and 2016 were included. Four screening procedures were used: Hemoccult II, Magstream, Hemoccult and Magstream combined, and OC Sensor. Data were crossed with the Digestive Cancer Registry of Calvados to detect CRCs diagnosed during this period. The main outcomes were CRC detection and the incidence rate of interval cancers. RESULTS: Screening consisted of 325,083 tests in 134,498 patients. Of the 2580 CRCs detected in patients aged 50-74, 534 (20.7 %) were screen-detected. OC Sensor had the highest sensitivity for CRC detection (83.7 %, 95 % CI [76.8-89.1 %]) and the lowest interval cancer rate (2.0 per 10,000 person-years, 95 % CI [1.4-2.7]) compared with other screening tests, excluding combinations. The overall participation rate was 28.9 %. CONCLUSION: Real-life differences in performance between different screening tests exist, and OC Sensor appears to be the best. The low participation rate suggests that the rate of screen-detected CRC could be higher.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Sangue Oculto , Óxido de Zinco
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