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1.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (9): 14-19, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of ultrasound in diagnosis of chronic paracolic inflammatory mass in patients with diverticular disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed ultrasonic findings in 216 patients with chronic inflammatory complications of colonic diverticular disease. Chronic paracolic inflammatory mass as the most common and significant chronic complication of diverticular disease was analyzed in 116 patients. Ultrasonic findings were compared with specimen assessment, intraoperative data, irrigoscopy, colonoscopy, endoscopic ultrasound and computed tomography data. RESULTS: Sensitivity of ultrasound for diagnosis of chronic paracolic inflammatory mass was 76,7%, specificity - 100%, overall accuracy - 87,5%. CT and endoscopic ultrasound were the most informative among different diagnostic tools (sensitivity 79,6% and 77,8%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Ultrasonic examination and computed tomography are the most valuable methods for diagnosis of chronic paracolic inflammatory mass in patients with diverticular disease. Ultrasound is a first-line method for diagnosis and follow-up of complicated diverticular disease due to its availability, safety and unnecessary special preparation of patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Diverticulares , Diverticulose Cólica , Colonoscopia , Doenças Diverticulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Diverticulose Cólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia
2.
Z Gastroenterol ; 58(10): 955-959, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036049

RESUMO

Colonoscopy is effective in the prevention and screening of colorectal cancer. Whether terminal ileal (TI) intubation is required during conventional colonoscopy and whether it offers clinical benefits with respect to polyp detection rate (PDR) remain unclear. This retrospective study included patients who underwent colonoscopy at our hospital between July 1, 2018 and April 20, 2019. The positive findings and time for TI intubation were recorded. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify factors associated with PDR. There were 1675 patients with cecal intubation colonoscopy, including 994 (59 %) with TI intubation and 8 (1 %) with intestinal disease. The mean time for TI intubation was 40 seconds (3-338), and the mean time from cecal intubation to arrival at the deep part of TI mucosa was 24 seconds (2-118). The overall PDR was 27 %. On multivariable analysis, age > 50 years [95 % confidence interval (CI) 2.837-4.590], male sex (95 %CI, 0.406-0.649), presence of symptoms (abdominal symptoms vs. asymptomatic, 95 % CI, 1.146-2.468; stool changes vs. asymptomatic, 95 % CI, 1.070-1.834), and non-TI intubation (95 % CI, 1.040-1.648) were independent predictors of higher PDR. Trend analysis indicated decreasing trend of PDR among non-TI intubation group, 0-5 cm TI intubation group, and > 5 cm TI intubation group (30 % vs. 27 % vs. 24 %, respectively; p < 0.05). TI intubation is necessary to identify small bowel disease among a designated population, but it was not suggested to be routinely performed as part of colonoscopy, owing to limited positive intestinal findings, extra time requirement, and possible PDR worsening.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Colonoscopia/métodos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Íleo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22581, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019473

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Angiosarcoma is a highly invasive tumour with a low incidence rate but high rates of local recurrence and distant metastasis and a poor prognosis. Understanding the endoscopic characteristics of angiosarcoma will help with early diagnosis and treatment of this disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 77-year-old female who was admitted to the hospital due to recurring melena for 3 months. Outpatient gastroscopy showed that the patient had multiple gastric erosions. Colonoscopy revealed the presence of multiple protruding lesions in the colon and multiple rectal polyps. Pathological biopsy indicated that the patient had a tubular adenoma, which was removed by endoscopic resection. DIAGNOSES: Postsurgical pathologic assessment suggested that the histological subtype was epithelioid angiosarcoma. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) revealed multiple metastases in the lymph nodes and bone. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent acid suppression to protect the stomach, fluid supplementation and red blood cell infusion, and subsequently, surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy were recommended. The patient's family refused further treatments for the patient and requested discharge. OUTCOMES: The patient refused further treatment and was not followed-up. LESSONS: Colorectal angiosarcoma is an extremely rare and highly malignant tumour, and understanding its endoscopic morphology will help aid in its diagnosis.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemangiossarcoma/secundário , Melena/etiologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Biópsia , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Colonoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Gastroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Melena/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento
4.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 115(4): 448-457, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876018

RESUMO

Background: In Romania, colorectal cancer does not benefit yet from a national screening program. In order to decrease the harm and burden of colorectal cancer (CRC), opportunistic programs relying on endoscopy has been adopted by each centre according to its capacity. A colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programme based on faecal immunochemical test (FIT) was launched at Ponderas Academic Hospital (PAH) in 2019. Aim: The present study analyses the outcomes after the first 1500 tests in the PAH-FIT-CRC Screening Program. We have also aimed to compare the efficiency of the FIT testing program with the screening colonoscopies performed in our Center, withing the same time interval (2019). Methods: The test was recommended in asymptomatic patients over 45 years, and it was followed by a colonoscopy when the test results were positive. Furthermore, we performed a retrospective observational study gathering data from all the consecutive patients prospectively included in the respective databases of our hospital, comparing the efficacy of the two colorectal cancer screening methods (FIT versus colonoscopy). Results: Between 01.01.2019 and 01.01.2020, 1524 screening colonoscopies were performed, and the resulting data were compared with those obtained in the FIT group (1500 FIT tests freely distributed). In the screening colonoscopy group, the polyp detection rate was 38.98% and 22 (1.44%) adenocarcinomas were identified. In the FIT group, the FIT uptake rate was 71% with a positivity rate of 21.7%. The colonoscopy compliance rate for positive FIT patients was 29.4%, with only 2 adenocarcinomas detected. Conclusions: Following data analysis, the need for improvement of uptake rate and colonoscopy compliance rate was suggested, due to the lower acceptance of FIT tests and colonoscopies, especially among men. Moreover, special efforts should be made in order to improve quality indicators for screening colonoscopies (especially adenoma detection rate) with the purpose of decreasing interval CRC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Pólipos Adenomatosos/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Fezes , Colonoscopia , Fezes/química , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Romênia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21920, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871927

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Collagen colitis (CC) is a microscopic colitis diagnosed by mucosal biopsy and is extremely rare in children. PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported a child with severe persistent diarrhea that could not be relieved with traditional diarrheal treatment. No abnormalities were found after multiple colonoscopies. DIAGNOSES: A significant increase in total IgE levels was found in the patient's blood. He had a history of mild chronic allergic rhinitis and slightly intermittent wheezing. However, we found that the child had a hyperallergic reaction to multiple respiratory antigens and had mild pulmonary dysfunction. Finally, colonoscopy with biopsy identified the diagnosis of CC. INTERVENTION: Considering that a respiratory allergic reaction was one of the causes of diarrhea, anti-allergic treatment was given to the child, and his severe diarrhea was soon relieved. Corticosteroid treatment was suggested to the patient, but his parents firmly refused steroid therapy. According to the patient's specific allergic reaction to mites, desensitization treatment was finally chosen for him. OUTCOMES: After 1 year of desensitization for dust mites, the patient's respiratory symptoms improved, total IgE levels decreased, autoantibodies declined, and diarrhea did not reoccur. Colonoscopy with biopsy showed a significant improvement in pathology. CONCLUSION: CC in children is rare, and childhood CC induced by a respiratory allergic reaction has not been previously reported. Therefore, this is a special case of CC in a patient who was cured with anti-allergy treatments and desensitization instead of steroid therapy.


Assuntos
Colite Colagenosa/diagnóstico , Colite Colagenosa/etiologia , Diarreia/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/complicações , Antialérgicos/uso terapêutico , Biópsia , Criança , Doença Crônica , Colite Colagenosa/terapia , Colonoscopia , Dessensibilização Imunológica , Diarreia/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/terapia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e22035, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871960

RESUMO

Imbalances in the gut microbiota mediate the progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is currently being explored as a potential therapy for PD. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of FMT on PD. Fifteen PD patients were included, 10 of them received FMT via colonoscopy (colonic FMT group) and 5 received FMT via nasal-jejunal tube (nasointestinal FMT group). The score of PSQI, HAMD, HAMA, PDQ-39, NMSQ and UPDRS-III significantly decreased after FMT treatment (all P < .05). Colonic FMT group showed significant improvement and longer maintenance of efficacy compared with nasointestinal FMT (P = .002). Two patients achieved self-satisfying outcomes that last for more than 24 months. However, nasointestinal FMT group had no significant therapeutic effect, although UPDRS-III score slightly reduced. There were no patients were satisfied with nasointestinal FMT for more than 3 months. Among 15 PD patients, there were 5 cases had adverse events (AEs), including diarrhea (2 cases), abdominal pain (2 cases) and flatulence (1 case). These AEs were mild and self-limiting. We conclude that FMT can relieve the motor and non-motor symptoms with acceptable safety in PD. Compared with nasointestinal FMT, colonic FMT seems better and preferable.


Assuntos
Transplante de Microbiota Fecal/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença de Parkinson/terapia , Idoso , Colonoscopia , Transplante de Microbiota Fecal/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Microbiota Fecal/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Intubação Gastrointestinal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Projetos Piloto , Adulto Jovem
7.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 43(7): 389-407, ago.-sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-188817

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La pandemia por COVID-19 ha conllevado la suspensión de la actividad programada en la mayoría de las Unidades de Endoscopia de nuestro medio. El objetivo del presente documento es facilitar el reinicio de la actividad endoscópica electiva de forma eficiente y segura. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se formularon una serie de preguntas consideradas de relevancia clínica y logística. Para la elaboración de las respuestas, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica estructurada en las principales bases de datos y se revisaron las recomendaciones de las principales instituciones de Salud Pública y de endoscopia digestiva. Las recomendaciones finales se consensuaron por vía telemática. RESULTADOS: Se han elaborado un total de 33 recomendaciones. Los principales aspectos que se discuten son: 1) La reevaluación y priorización de la indicación, 2) La restructuración de espacios, agendas y del personal sanitario, 3) El cribado de la infección, 4) Las medidas de higiene y los equipos de protección individual. CONCLUSIÓN: La AEG y la SEED recomiendan reiniciar la actividad endoscópica de forma escalonada, segura, adaptada a los recursos locales y a la situación epidemiológica de la infección por SARS-CoV-2


INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the suspension of programmed activity in most of the Endoscopy Units in our environment. The aim of this document is to facilitate the resumption of elective endoscopic activity in an efficient and safe manner. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A series of questions considered to be of clinical and logistical relevance were formulated. In order to elaborate the answers, a structured bibliographic search was carried out in the main databases and the recommendations of the main Public Health and Digestive Endoscopy institutions were reviewed. The final recommendations were agreed upon through telematic means. RESULTS: A total of 33 recommendations were made. The main aspects discussed are: 1) Reassessment and prioritization of the indication, 2) Restructuring of spaces, schedules and health personnel, 3) Screening for infection, 4) Hygiene measures and personal protective equipment. CONCLUSION: The AEG and SEED recommend restarting endoscopic activity in a phased, safe manner, adapted to local resources and the epidemiological situation of SARS-CoV-2 infection


Assuntos
Humanos , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Endoscopia/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Programas de Triagem Diagnóstica/normas , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Comissão Para Atividades Profissionais e Hospitalares/normas , Contaminação de Equipamentos , Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos/normas , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/normas , Gastroscopia/métodos , Colonoscopia , Cápsulas Endoscópicas , Espanha/epidemiologia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22298, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991434

RESUMO

RATIONALE: There are many treatments for chronic hemorrhagic radiation colorectal inflammation, but only a few treatments are supported by high-quality research evidence. Studies have shown that the occurrence and development of radiation proctitis are closely associated with the intestinal flora. Animal studies have indicated that faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) can improve radiation enteropathy in a mouse model. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 45-year-old female patient suffered from recurrent hematochezia and diarrhea for half a year after radiotherapy and underwent recurrent transfusion treatments. Colonoscopy showed obvious congestion of the sigmoid colon and rectal mucosa, a smooth surface, and bleeding that was easily induced by touch, which are consistent with radiation proctitis. The pathological findings revealed chronic mucosal inflammation. The magnetic resonance imaging examination of the pelvic cavity with a plain scan and enhancement showed changes after radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and no obvious tumor recurrence or metastasis was found. The laboratory examinations excluded pathogen infection. DIAGNOSES: Based on the history and examinations, the final diagnosis of this patient was chronic hemorrhagic radiation proctitis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with a total of 4 individual courses of FMT. OUTCOMES: After the six-month follow-up, her hematochezia, abdominal pain and diarrhea were relieved. Furthermore, 16S rRNA sequencing of the feces showed that the intestinal bacterial composition of the patient obviously changed after FMT and became similar to that of the donors. LESSONS: This case report shows that FMT can relieve the symptoms of hematochezia and diarrhea by changing the bacterial community structure in patients with chronic hemorrhagic radiation proctitis.


Assuntos
Transplante de Microbiota Fecal/métodos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/terapia , Proctite/etiologia , Lesões por Radiação/complicações , Assistência ao Convalescente , Doença Crônica , Colonoscopia/métodos , Diarreia/etiologia , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proctite/diagnóstico , Proctite/patologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Lesões por Radiação/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões por Radiação/patologia , Doadores de Tecidos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238474, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866208

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A sufficient screening rate is indispensable to optimize the positive impact of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an additional outreach of providing an opportunity to obtain a kit for fecal immunochemical test (FIT) during the general health check-up to increase CRC screening rate. METHODS: This was a longitudinal study using pre-existing data in Kujukuri Town, Japan. The town provided CRC screening in the fiscal year (FY) 2017 using an existing procedure for all beneficiaries of the National Health Insurance, whereas in FY 2018, an additional outreach effort was made to only those with an even number of age (exposed group), who were offered an opportunity to obtain a kit for FIT at the time of general health check-ups but not to those with an odd number of age (control group). To estimate the effectiveness, generalized estimating equation (GEE) with individuals as clusters was performed. RESULTS: In total, 3,530 individuals were included (1,708 in the control group and 1,822 in the exposed group). GEE showed significant interaction between the groups (control and exposed) and FYs (2017 and 2018) (p<0.001), indicating that the change in CRC screening rate from 2017 to 2018 was significantly different between the two groups. Although an achieved actual rate of 17.1% in the exposed group in FY 2018 was low, the additional outreach increased the rate by 5.8 percentage point (95% confidence interval, 3.5-8.1) compared with an existing rate. CONCLUSIONS: Additional outreach of providing an opportunity to obtain a kit for FIT at the time of the general health check-up improved the CRC screening rate. However, screening rate achieved by this strategy remained low, indicating further efforts is required.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Fezes/citologia , Adulto , Idoso , Colonoscopia/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sangue Oculto
10.
Dtsch Arztebl Int ; 117(25): 423-430, 2020 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Participation rates in colorectal cancer screening in Germany are low. We therefore investigated the effectiveness of different invitation models for immunological stool blood tests (fecal immunological tests, FITs). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial in 50- to 54-year-old clients of the health insurance provider AOK Baden-Wuerttemberg. A total of 17 532 insured persons were randomized to receive: (A) an invitation letter including a FIT (n = 5850); (B) an invitation letter including an option to request a FIT (n = 5844); or (C) an invitation letter only (n = 5838; control group, routine practice). Reminder letters were sent to half the members of groups A and B, selected at random, after 4 weeks. The primary endpoint was the use of a FIT within 1 year of the date of the invitation letter. IRRID: RR2-10.2196/16413. Registration: DRKS00011858. RESULTS: The invitation letter with a FIT enclosed (A) increased usage from 10% to 29.7% compared with the control group (+19.7% points, p < 0.0001; men: +19.4%, women: +18.8%). The invitation letter with a FIT request option (B) increased usage from 10% to 27.7% (+17.7% points, p < 0.0001; men: +17.7%, women: +17.4%). Reminders increased usage in group A by 7.5% points and in group B by 8.5% points. Participation among women was higher than among men in all groups. The FIT positivity rate was 6.9%. A subsequent colonoscopy was reported for 64.3% of FIT-positive participants, and advanced neoplasia was found in 21.3% of these cases. CONCLUSION: Letters of invitation that include a FIT and those that offer low-threshold access to a FIT achieve strong, comparable increases in the usage of FIT in the context of colorectal cancer screening.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Programas de Rastreamento , Sangue Oculto , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e20976, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adequate bowel preparation is essential for the detection of pathological lesions during colonoscopy. However, it has been found to be inadequate in approximately 20% to 30% of colonoscopy examinations. Educational interventions focused on health staff, such as physicians and nurses, may improve the patients' understanding of the bowel preparation instructions, and consequently, increase the quality of bowel preparation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether enhanced education of ward nurses could improve the bowel preparation quality in inpatients undergoing colonoscopy. DESIGN: This was a single-center randomized controlled study. METHODS: A total of 190 consecutive inpatients scheduled to undergo colonoscopy from March 2019 to March 2020 were randomized to the educated (nurses with enhanced education) or control group (nurses without enhanced education). We assessed the bowel preparation quality using the Boston bowel preparation scale. RESULTS: There were 89 patients in the educated group and 101 patients in the control group. The proportion of colonoscopies with adequate bowel preparation was 83.1% in the educated group and 69.3% in the control group. Patients' compliance with bowel preparation in the educated group was superior to that in the control group. Furthermore, significantly better sleep quality was found in the educated group. The multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the ward nurses-focused enhanced educational intervention as a risk factor for bowel preparation quality. CONCLUSIONS: The ward nurses-focused educational intervention improved the bowel preparation quality and reduced the adverse event rates in inpatients undergoing colonoscopy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry under number ChiCTR2000030366.


Assuntos
Catárticos/uso terapêutico , Colonoscopia/normas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/educação , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21688, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899000

RESUMO

In this study, the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan was used to examine the recurrence and death risk for stage 0 colorectal cancer patients. We examined stage 0 colorectal cancer patients to identify factors causing recurrence and death.This is a retrospective study, and stage 0 colorectal cancer patients that are registered in the Taiwan Cancer Registry of the Health Promotion Administration in 2007 to 2012 were included. The database was linked to the National Health Insurance Research Database, and subjects were followed up until the end of 2016. The mean follow-up period was 69 months. Bivariate analysis methods (log-rank test) and Cox proportional hazards model were used to evaluate the risk of recurrence and death and demographic characteristics, economic factors, environmental factors, health factors, treatment and hospitals, and absence/presence of postoperative tests were used to examine related risk factors.Our study showed that the 5-year recurrence rate and 5-year mortality rate for stage 0 colorectal cancer are 1.68% and 0.6%, respectively. For stage 0 colorectal cancer, age (61-74 years) is the only factor affecting recurrence in patients (hazard ratio (HR) = 2.44; 95% CI: 1.41-4.22), while age >75 years (HR = 4.35; 95% CI: 1.14-16.68) and Charlson Comorbidity Index >4 points (HR = 7.20, 95% CI: 2.60-19.94) can increase the risk of death. In contrast, patients who underwent one (HR = 0.27, 95% CI: 0.10-0.71) and two or more colonoscopies (HR = 0.26, 95% CI: 0.10-0.70) within 2 years after surgery can reduce the risk of death from stage 0 colorectal cancer. In addition, the risk of recurrence is higher in patients who underwent colonoscopic polypectomy (HR = 2.07, 95% CI: 0.98-4.33) and patients with rectal cancer (HR = 2.74, 95% CI: 0.96-7.83), but these differences are not statistically significant (P > .05).From this study, we can see that age and comorbidity index increase the risk of recurrence and death for stage 0 colorectal cancer, while postoperative colonoscopy can decrease the risk of death.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Colonoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21859, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding ketamine to propofol on cognitive functions in patients undergoing sedation for colonoscopy. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blinded, and controlled study, 200 patients were randomly allocated to ketamine/propofol admixture group (Group KP, n = 100), and propofol group (Group P, n = 100). Patients in Group KP received 0.25 mg/kg of ketamine and 0.5 mg/kg of propofol. Patients in Group P received 0.5 mg/kg propofol. Cognitive functions were measured using CogState battery before and after the colonoscopy procedure. Ninety five patients in Group KP and 92 patients in Group P had completed the CogStates tests and were included in the data analysis. RESULTS: Compared with before procedure baseline, the performance on detection and identification tasks were significantly impaired after the procedure in both Group KP (P = .004, P = .001) and Group P patients (P = .005, P < .001). However, one-card learning accuracy and One-back memory was only impaired in Group KP patients (P = .006, P = .040) after the endoscopy but left intact in Group P patients. Group KP patients showed more severe impairment in one-card learning accuracy compared with Group P patients (P = .044). Group KP patients have better 5 minutes MAP (P = .005) and were also less likely to suffer from complications such as respiratory depression (P = .023) and hypotension (P = .015). OAA/S scores, BIS, MAP, complications, recovery times, and endoscopist and patient satisfaction were similar between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Although adding ketamine to propofol for sedation in colonoscopy provided fewer complications such as respiratory depression and hypotension, it also causes more impairment in cognitive functions.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia/métodos , Sedação Profunda/métodos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/farmacologia , Ketamina/farmacologia , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/induzido quimicamente , Propofol/farmacologia , Adulto , Sedação Profunda/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/administração & dosagem , Ketamina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Propofol/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
17.
West Afr J Med ; 37(4): 385-390, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32835400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An understanding of the natural history of colorectal polyps is relevant to the management of colorectal cancer. AIM: To study the frequency, morphology, and histopathology of colorectal polyps in a metropolis of Niger Delta region, Nigeria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective study of consecutive cases of colonoscopy performed at a referral endoscopy facility in Port Harcourt metropolis, Niger Delta region of Nigeria, from March 2014 to March 2020. Variables collated included demographics, primary indication, site, morphology and histopathology of colorectal polyps. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS version 20, Armonk. NY, USA. RESULTS: A total of 496 colonoscopies were performed during the study period. The age range of patients was 4 years to 92 years (mean 54.7± 13.0). There were 357 males and 139 females. The leading primary indications for colonoscopy were gastrointestinal bleeding, routine screening for colorectal cancer and abdominal pain/discomfort in 220 (44.4%), 89 (17.9%) and 66 (13.3%) cases respectively. Colorectal polyps were recorded in 111 (22.4%) patients with a M: F of 2.7:1 and peak incidence in the 6th decade of life 53 (47.7%) cases. Majority of the polyps were seen in the colon segments extending from rectum to splenic flexure 59 (63.4%). Inflammatory, adenomatous and hyperplastic polyps were seen in 51(50.0%), 39(38.2%) and 10(9.8%) cases respectively and a sole case of malignant polyp was recorded. CONCLUSION: Adult colorectal polyps are seen predominantly in males above 50 years of age, and in the left colon. Tubular adenoma with low grade dysplasia is the most prevalent neoplastic polyp.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 115(8): 1183-1190, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759620

RESUMO

Colonoscopy is a safe and effective tool, but operator dependent. Room for improvement in the quality of colonoscopy is the impetus for the development and measurement of colonoscopy quality indicators and the focus of many efforts to improve colonoscopy quality indicator prevention and control in provider practices and health systems. We present the preprocedural, intraprocedural, and postprocedural quality indicators and benchmarks for colonoscopy. Every provider and practice must make a commitment to performing high-quality colonoscopy and implement and monitor quality metrics. There are a variety of tools available to assist in improving quality indicators that range from distal attachment devices to education and feedback. Although technology can help, it is not a substitute for proper technique. The commitment also requires provider feedback through audits and report cards. The impact of these efforts on patient outcomes is an important area of further research.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Colonoscopia/normas , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Estados Unidos
19.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 115(8): 1236-1245, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759621

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: It is unclear how baseline endoscopic characteristics in Crohn's disease (CD) affect the ability to achieve endoscopic remission (ER). We aimed to determine the endoscopic prognostic factors that influence achieving ER in CD. DESIGN: This post hoc analysis of SONIC (NCT00094458; YODA #2019-3980) evaluated baseline and week 26 endoscopy indices in 172 patients using the CD Endoscopic Index of Severity (CDEIS) and the Simple Endoscopic Score for CD. The impact of baseline ulcer depth and size on achieving week 26 ER was assessed using multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for confounders. RESULTS: The ER rate of ileal ulcers was significantly lower than ER rates throughout the colon (P < 0.0001). Ileal ulcers >2 cm were less likely to achieve ER compared with smaller ulcers {odds ratio (OR) 0.31 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.11-0.89), P = 0.03}. Similarly, rectal ulcers >2 cm were associated with reduced odds of week 26 ER (OR 0.26 [95% CI 0.08-0.80], P = 0.02). Ulcer size in other colonic segments did not affect the achievement of week 26 ER. Deep ileal and rectal ulcers >2 cm compared with smaller or superficial ulcers were even less likely to achieve week 26 ER (ileum: OR 0.10, 95% CI 0.02-0.68, P = 0.02; rectum: OR 0.12, 0.02-0.82, P = 0.03). High baseline Simple Endoscopic Score for CD (≥16) or CDEIS scores (≥12) did not affect achieving week 26 ER. DISCUSSION: Patients with larger and deep ulcers in the ileum or rectum may have difficulty achieving ER. Overall degree of endoscopic inflammation as measured numerically by endoscopic scores does not affect the likelihood of achieving week 26 ER.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn , Íleo/patologia , Reto/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Colonoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico
20.
Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi ; 117(8): 695-705, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transabdominal ultrasound is a promising technique to evaluate inflammatory bowel disease. Several studies have demonstrated a relationship between ultrasound findings and colonic inflammation. However, the applicability of transabdominal ultrasound in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) has not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between the transabdominal ultrasound findings and endoscopic activity in patients with UC. METHODS: Patients with active and underwent transabdominal ultrasound and colonoscopy were enrolled in this retrospective single-center analysis. Blood flow in the bowel wall was evaluated by power Doppler ultrasound. Both the thickness and stratification of the bowel wall were assessed by B-mode ultrasound imaging. The endpoints were the correlations between the ultrasound appearances (i.e., blood flow, thickness, and stratification of the bowel wall) and endoscopic activity (endoscopic Mayo Score). RESULTS: There were 34 lesions in 26 patients evaluated. Blood flow and thickness of the bowel wall were positively significantly correlated with the endoscopic Mayo Scores (r=0.43, p=0.011 and r=0.503, p=0.002, respectively). According to the bowel stratification, the endoscopic Mayo Scores were significantly higher in unclear and diminished bowel wall stratifications than in the clear bowel wall stratifications (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). When focusing on the endoscopic Mayo Scores of three lesions, blood flow was lower in ulcer lesions with a diameter of ≥10mm than in those with a diameter of <10mm. CONCLUSION: All transabdominal ultrasound findings of bowel blood flow, wall thickness, and wall stratification reflected colonic inflammation.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Colonoscopia , Humanos , Inflamação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Ultrassonografia , Ultrassonografia Doppler
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