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1.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 269, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pedunculated polyps are more likely to be amenable to complete resection than non-pedunculated early colorectal cancers and rarely require additional surgery. We encountered a patient with a pedunculated early colorectal cancer that consisted of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with lymphatic invasion. We performed an additional bowel resection and found nodal metastasis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old woman underwent colonoscopy after a positive fecal occult blood test. The colonoscopist found a 20-mm pedunculated polyp in the descending colon and performed endoscopic resection. Histopathologic examination revealed non-solid type poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. The lesion invaded the submucosa (3500 µm from the muscularis mucosa) and demonstrated lymphatic invasion. In spite of the early stage of this cancer, the patient was considered at high risk for nodal metastasis. She was referred to our institution, where she underwent bowel resection. Although there was no residual cancer after her endoscopic resection, a metastatic lesion was found in one regional lymph node. The patient is undergoing postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, and there has been no evidence of recurrence 3 months after the second surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Additional bowel resection is indicated for patients with pedunculated polyps and multiple risk factors for nodal metastasis, such as poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and lymphatic invasion. We encountered just such a patient who did have a nodal metastasis; herein, we report her case history with a review of the literature.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Colorretais , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico
2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502594

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death and ranks third worldwide in diagnosed malignant pathologies (1.36 million new cases annually). An increase in the diversity of treatment options as well as a rising population require novel diagnostic tools. Current diagnostics involve critical human thinking, but the decisional process loses accuracy due to the increased number of modulatory factors involved. The proposed computer-aided diagnosis system analyses each colonoscopy and provides predictions that will help the clinician to make the right decisions. Artificial intelligence is included in the system both offline and online image processing tools. Aiming to improve the diagnostic process of colon cancer patients, an application was built that allows the easiest and most intuitive interaction between medical staff and the proposed diagnosis system. The developed tool uses two networks. The first, a convolutional neural network, is capable of classifying eight classes of tissue with a sensitivity of 98.13% and an F1 score of 98.14%, while the second network, based on semantic segmentation, can identify the malignant areas with a Jaccard index of 75.18%. The results could have a direct impact on personalised medicine combining clinical knowledge with the computing power of intelligent algorithms.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Inteligência Artificial , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação
3.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(31): 5232-5246, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Artificial intelligence in colonoscopy is an emerging field, and its application may help colonoscopists improve inspection quality and reduce the rate of missed polyps and adenomas. Several deep learning-based computer-assisted detection (CADe) techniques were established from small single-center datasets, and unrepresentative learning materials might confine their application and generalization in wide practice. Although CADes have been reported to identify polyps in colonoscopic images and videos in real time, their diagnostic performance deserves to be further validated in clinical practice. AIM: To train and test a CADe based on multicenter high-quality images of polyps and preliminarily validate it in clinical colonoscopies. METHODS: With high-quality screening and labeling from 55 qualified colonoscopists, a dataset consisting of over 71000 images from 20 centers was used to train and test a deep learning-based CADe. In addition, the real-time diagnostic performance of CADe was tested frame by frame in 47 unaltered full-ranged videos that contained 86 histologically confirmed polyps. Finally, we conducted a self-controlled observational study to validate the diagnostic performance of CADe in real-world colonoscopy with the main outcome measure of polyps per colonoscopy in Changhai Hospital. RESULTS: The CADe was able to identify polyps in the test dataset with 95.0% sensitivity and 99.1% specificity. For colonoscopy videos, all 86 polyps were detected with 92.2% sensitivity and 93.6% specificity in frame-by-frame analysis. In the prospective validation, the sensitivity of CAD in identifying polyps was 98.4% (185/188). Folds, reflections of light and fecal fluid were the main causes of false positives in both the test dataset and clinical colonoscopies. Colonoscopists can detect more polyps (0.90 vs 0.82, P < 0.001) and adenomas (0.32 vs 0.30, P = 0.045) with the aid of CADe, particularly polyps < 5 mm and flat polyps (0.65 vs 0.57, P < 0.001; 0.74 vs 0.67, P = 0.001, respectively). However, high efficacy is not realized in colonoscopies with inadequate bowel preparation and withdrawal time (P = 0.32; P = 0.16, respectively). CONCLUSION: CADe is feasible in the clinical setting and might help endoscopists detect more polyps and adenomas, and further confirmation is warranted.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo , Aprendizado Profundo , Inteligência Artificial , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Colonoscopia , Computadores , Humanos
4.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(31): 5272-5287, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rate of positive tests using fecal immunochemical test (FIT) does not decrease with subsequent campaigns, but the positive predictive value of advanced neoplasia significantly decreases in subsequent campaign after a first negative test. A relationship between the fecal hemoglobin concentration (Fhb) and the opportunity to detect a colorectal cancer in subsequent campaign has been shown. AIM: To predict the severity of colorectal lesions based on Fhb measured during previous colorectal cancer screening campaign. METHODS: This etiological study included 293750 patients aged 50-74, living in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (France). These patients completed at least two FIT [test(-1) and test(0)] between June 2015 and December 2019. Delay between test(-1) and test(0) was > 1 year and test(-1) result was negative (< 150 ngHb/mL). The severity of colorectal lesions diagnosed at test(0) was described according to Fhb measured at test(-1) [Fhb(-1)]. The relationship between the severity classified in seven ordinal categories and the predictive factors was analyzed in an ordered multivariate polytomous regression model. RESULTS: The test(0) positive rate was 4.0%, and the colonoscopy completion rate was 97.1% in 11594 patients who showed a positive test(0). The colonoscopy detection rate was 77.7% in those 11254 patients who underwent a colonoscopy. A total of 8748 colorectal lesions were detected (including 2182 low-risk-polyps, 2400 high-risk-polyp, and 502 colorectal cancer). The colonoscopy detection rate varied significantly with Fhb(-1) [0 ngHb/mL: 75.6%, (0-50 ngHb/mL): 77.3%, (50-100 ngHb/mL): 88.7%, (100-150 ngHb/mL): 90.3%; P = 0.001]. People with a Fhb(-1) within (100-150 ngHb/mL) (P = 0.001) were 2.6 (2.2; 3.0) times more likely to have a high severity level compared to those having a Fhb(-1) value of zero. This risk was reduced by 20% in patients aged 55-59 compared to those aged < 55 [adjusted odds ratio: 0.8 (0.6; 1.0)]. CONCLUSION: The study showed that higher Fhb(-1) is correlated to an increased risk of severity of colorectal lesions. This risk of severity increased among first-time participants (age < 55) and the elderly (≥ 70). To avoid the loss of chance in these age groups, the FIT positivity threshold should be reduced to 100 ngHb/mL. The other alternative would be to reduce the time between the two tests in these age groups from the current 2 years to 1 year.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Sangue Oculto , Idoso , Pré-Escolar , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Fezes/química , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento
5.
Rev Med Chil ; 149(4): 580-590, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479346

RESUMO

Screening programs for colorectal cancer (CRC) are standard in most developed countries because they reduce mortality and are cost-effective. Within them, colonoscopy allows to directly visualize the colon and remove neoplastic lesions. However, it is an expensive exam with low adherence in asymptomatic individuals. The fecal occult blood test (FOBT) is a low-cost and risk-free method for the user, which results in a high rate of adherence, explaining its use in most screening programs. This article analyzes the effectiveness of different fecal occult blood tests in screening programs. The main conclusions are that the sensitivity of the guaiac-based chemical test for the detection of colorectal cancer is lower than that observed with qualitative and quantitative immunological tests. Automated quantitative methods allow objective readings independent of the operator and the reaction reading time, necessary for the analysis of large numbers of samples. The participation rate with immunological FOBTs is higher than with chemical ones, which is why they are preferred by the different countries that have screening programs. The use of quantitative tests allows stratification of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients at higher risk, in the screening programs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Sangue Oculto , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Guaiaco , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501687

RESUMO

The frequency of colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis has decreased due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Health system planning is needed to address the backlog of undiagnosed patients. We developed a framework for analyzing barriers to diagnosis and estimating patient volumes under different system relaunch scenarios. This retrospective study included CRC cases from the Alberta Cancer Registry for the pre-pandemic (1 January 2016-4 March 2020) and intra-pandemic (5 March 2020-1 July 2020) periods. The data on all the diagnostic milestones in the year prior to a CRC diagnosis were obtained from administrative health data. The CRC diagnostic pathways were identified, and diagnostic intervals were measured. CRC diagnoses made during hospitalization were used as a proxy for severe disease at presentation. A modified Poisson regression analysis was used to estimate the adjusted relative risk (adjRR) and a 95% confidence interval (CI) for the effect of the pandemic on the risk of hospital-based diagnoses. During the study period, 8254 Albertans were diagnosed with CRC. During the pandemic, diagnosis through asymptomatic screening decreased by 6·5%. The adjRR for hospital-based diagnoses intra-COVID-19 vs. pre-COVID-19 was 1.24 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.49). Colonoscopies were identified as the main bottleneck for CRC diagnoses. To clear the backlog before progression is expected, high-risk subgroups should be targeted to double the colonoscopy yield for CRC diagnosis, along with the need for a 140% increase in monthly colonoscopy volumes for a period of 3 months. Given the substantial health system changes required, it is unlikely that a surge in CRC cases will be diagnosed over the coming months. Administrators in Alberta are using these findings to reduce wait times for CRC diagnoses and monitor progression.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Neoplasias Colorretais , Alberta/epidemiologia , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Humanos , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Anthropol Med ; 28(2): 255-275, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355977

RESUMO

This paper seizes Ivan Illich's recurring notion of corruption to reflect on medicine's immanent spiral of maleficence. For Illich, the institutionalization of any 'good' necessarily corrupts it, and the institutionalization of health and care under the tutoring hand of medicine has produced counterproductive consequences on every plane. The paper explores the nemetic character of contemporary biomedicine - whose growth in technique has meant a corresponding growth in its capacity for corruption and harm - in an autoethnographic project that apprises and names the escalation from iatrogenic harm to iatrogenic violence that the author discovered at two UK hospitals in 2014. In January, she went to the hospital for a colonoscopy; in November, she finally left, disabled and unmade. In the interim, she suffered infection, sepsis, pneumonia, cardiac arrest, and - worst of all - a factitious psychiatrizing diagnosis embedded in spiralling loops of iatrogenic harm. By reflecting critically on this experience, interlocuting personal memory and writings with doctors' inscribed notes and insights from medical anthropology, the paper elucidates an iatrogenic spiral, showing how unknowable bodies pose an insurmountable epistemic and existential challenge to medicine's technic mandate, how medicine locates and uses an 'epistemic escape valve' in the face of such challenges, and how snowballing nosocomial harm escalates into brutality and vice. The argument, in short, is that iatrogenic violence (destructive, subjective or agentic, and intentional) is the natural endpoint of iatrogenic harm (destructive but objective or systemic, and unintentional).


Assuntos
Antropologia Médica , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde/etnologia , Atenção à Saúde/etnologia , Ética Médica , Doença Iatrogênica , Colonoscopia , Infecção Hospitalar , Feminino , Humanos , Institucionalização , Violência
10.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 336, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Narrow-band imaging (NBI) highlights the surface structures and vessels of colorectal polyps and is useful for determining the polyp histology. The narrow-band imaging international colorectal endoscopic (NICE) classification is a diagnostic tool for determining colorectal polyp histology based on NBI without optical magnification. In this study, we aimed to investigate the value of each type of the NICE classification for determining colorectal polyp histology using endoscopy data accumulated in a clinical setting. METHODS: Endoscopy data for 534 colorectal polyps (316 patients) treated at our facility were retrospectively analyzed. First, we investigated the diagnostic performance of each type of the NICE classification for the optical diagnosis of colorectal polyp histology. The procedures were performed by experienced endoscopists using high-definition colonoscopy without optical magnification. Second, inter-observer and intra-observer agreements were assessed after providing experts and non-experts with a short lecture on the NICE classification. Using 50 fine NBI images of colorectal polyps without optical magnification, the inter-observer and intra-observer agreements between five experts and five non-experts were assessed. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy values were 86.0%, 99.6%, and 98.5% for NICE type 1 lesions; 99.2%, 85.2%, and 97.8% for NICE type 2 lesions; and 81.8%, 99.6%, and 99.3% for NICE type 3 lesions, respectively. The inter-observer and intra-observer agreements ranged from substantial to excellent for both experts and non-experts. CONCLUSIONS: The NICE classification had good diagnostic ability in terms of determining the polyp histology and demonstrated a high level of reproducibility among experts and non-experts. Thus, the NICE classification is a useful clinical tool that can be used without optical magnification.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(29): 4802-4817, 2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34447227

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Advances in artificial intelligence (AI), specifically computer aided detection and computer-aided diagnosis offer promising methods of increasing adenoma detection rates with the goal of removing more pre-cancerous polyps. Conversely, these methods also may allow for smaller non-cancerous lesions to be diagnosed in vivo and left in place, decreasing the risks that come with unnecessary polypectomies. This review will provide an overview of current advances in the use of AI in colonoscopy to aid in polyp detection and characterization as well as areas of developing research.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Pólipos do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Inteligência Artificial , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos
13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(16)2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450756

RESUMO

Colonoscopies reduce the incidence of colorectal cancer through early recognition and resecting of the colon polyps. However, the colon polyp miss detection rate is as high as 26% in conventional colonoscopy. The search for methods to decrease the polyp miss rate is nowadays a paramount task. A number of algorithms or systems have been developed to enhance polyp detection, but few are suitable for real-time detection or classification due to their limited computational ability. Recent studies indicate that the automated colon polyp detection system is developing at an astonishing speed. Real-time detection with classification is still a yet to be explored field. Newer image pattern recognition algorithms with convolutional neuro-network (CNN) transfer learning has shed light on this topic. We proposed a study using real-time colonoscopies with the CNN transfer learning approach. Several multi-class classifiers were trained and mAP ranged from 38% to 49%. Based on an Inception v2 model, a detector adopting a Faster R-CNN was trained. The mAP of the detector was 77%, which was an improvement of 35% compared to the same type of multi-class classifier. Therefore, our results indicated that the polyp detection model could attain a high accuracy, but the polyp type classification still leaves room for improvement.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Colo , Computadores , Aprendizado de Máquina
14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(16)2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34451072

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer has become the third most commonly diagnosed form of cancer, and has the second highest fatality rate of cancers worldwide. Currently, optical colonoscopy is the preferred tool of choice for the diagnosis of polyps and to avert colorectal cancer. Colon screening is time-consuming and highly operator dependent. In view of this, a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) method needs to be developed for the automatic segmentation of polyps in colonoscopy images. This paper proposes a modified SegNet Visual Geometry Group-19 (VGG-19), a form of convolutional neural network, as a CAD method for polyp segmentation. The modifications include skip connections, 5 × 5 convolutional filters, and the concatenation of four dilated convolutions applied in parallel form. The CVC-ClinicDB, CVC-ColonDB, and ETIS-LaribPolypDB databases were used to evaluate the model, and it was found that our proposed polyp segmentation model achieved an accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, precision, mean intersection over union, and dice coefficient of 96.06%, 94.55%, 97.56%, 97.48%, 92.3%, and 95.99%, respectively. These results indicate that our model performs as well as or better than previous schemes in the literature. We believe that this study will offer benefits in terms of the future development of CAD tools for polyp segmentation for colorectal cancer diagnosis and management. In the future, we intend to embed our proposed network into a medical capsule robot for practical usage and try it in a hospital setting with clinicians.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Bases de Dados Factuais , Diagnóstico por Computador , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Projetos de Pesquisa
17.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 36(10): 2237-2245, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34406437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recently, CAD EYE (Fujifilm, Tokyo, Japan), an artificial intelligence for the lesion recognition (CADe) and the optical diagnosis (CADx) of colorectal polyps, was released. We evaluated the function of CADe and CADx of CAD EYE. METHODS: In this single-center retrospective study, we examined consecutive polyps ≤ 10 mm detected from March to April 2021 to determine whether CAD EYE could recognize them live with both normal- and high-speed observation using white-light imaging (WLI) and linked-color imaging (LCI). We then examined whether the polyps were neoplastic or hyperplastic live with magnified or non-magnified blue-laser imaging (BLI-LASER) or blue-light imaging (BLI-LED) under CAD EYE, comparing the retrospective evaluations with 5 experts and 5 trainees using still images. All polyps were histopathologically examined. RESULTS: We analyzed 100 polyps (mean size 3.9 ± 2.6 mm; 55 neoplastic and 45 hyperplastic lesions) in 25 patients. Regarding CADe, the respective detection rates of CAD EYE with normal- and high-speed observation were 85.0% and 67.0% for WLI (p = 0.002) and 89.0% and 75.0% for LCI (p = 0.009). Regarding CADx for differentiating neoplastic and hyperplastic lesions, the diagnostic accuracy values of CAD EYE with non-magnified and magnified BLI-LASER/LED were 88.8% and 87.8%. Regarding magnified BLI-LASER/LED, the diagnostic accuracy value of CAD EYE was not significantly different from that of experts (92.0%, p = 0.17), but that of trainees (79.0%, p = 0.04). We also found no significant differences in CADe or CADx between LED (53 lesions) and LASER (47 lesions). CONCLUSIONS: CAD EYE was a helpful tool for CADe and CADx in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo , Inteligência Artificial , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Colonoscopia , Humanos , Imagem de Banda Estreita , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 324, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Japan, endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is standardized for large colorectal tumors. However, its validity in the elderly population is unclear. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ESD for colorectal tumors in elderly patients aged over 80 years. METHODS: ESD was performed on 178 tumors in 165 consecutive patients aged over 80 years between December 2008 and December 2018. We retrospectively evaluated the clinicopathological characteristics and clinical outcomes of ESD. We also assessed the prognosis of 160 patients followed up for more than 12 months. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 83.7 ± 3.1 years. The number of patients with comorbidities was 100 (62.5%). Among all patients, 106 (64.2%) were categorized as class 1 or 2 according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists classification of physical status (ASA-PS), and 59 (35.8%) were classified as class 3. The mean procedure time was 97.7 ± 79.3 min. The rate of histological en bloc resection was 93.8% (167/178). Delayed bleeding in 11 cases (6.2%) and perforation in 7 cases (3.9%) were treated conservatively. The 5-year survival rate was 89.9%. No deaths from primary disease (mean follow-up time: 35.3 ± 27.5 months) were observed. Overall survival rates were significantly lower in the non-curative resection group that did not undergo additional surgery than in the curative resection group (P = 0.0152) and non-curative group that underwent additional surgery (P = 0.0259). Overall survival rates were higher for ASA-PS class 1 or 2 patients than class 3 patients (P = 0.0105). Metachronous tumors (> 5 mm) developed in 9.4% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: ESD for colorectal tumors in patients aged over 80 years is safe. Colorectal cancer-associated deaths were prevented although comorbidities pose a high risk of poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Dissecação , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e932479, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Intussusception is a common phenomenon in children, but it is rare in adults. In the pediatric population, the presentation is commonly primary, without a lead point. However, up to 90% of intussusception cases arise due to a secondary cause - a pathological lead point - which the most common etiology in adults being malignancy. Herein, we present a case report of adult intussusception without a known cause. CASE REPORT A 26-year-old woman presented to the hospital with severe abdominal pain. She admitted to not passing stool or gas for 2 days. The patient's social history was significant for chronic marijuana use. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen revealed a 6-cm in length intussuscepted segment of bowel in the descending colon distal to the splenic flexure with no obvious inciting mass. The patient was sent for emergent open abdominal surgery. Upon surgical exploration, the surgeons discovered that the intussusception had self-resolved. Aside from a small ball of stool, an intraoperative colonoscopy revealed no masses or polyps. CONCLUSIONS Marijuana use is known to disrupt gastrointestinal (GI) mobility through receptors in the GI tract nerve plexuses. The incidence of chronic marijuana use and adult intussusception is documented in the literature. Conservative management with bowel rest is confirmed to be a suitable treatment option with a favorable outcome. Therefore, we present this case to increase awareness of the potential adverse effects of chronic marijuana use, and to prevent invasive treatment.


Assuntos
Intussuscepção , Uso da Maconha , Dor Abdominal , Adulto , Criança , Colonoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Intussuscepção/induzido quimicamente , Intussuscepção/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
20.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1642021 05 12.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346581

RESUMO

Colonoscopy is the reference standard for the detection of polyps and colorectal cancer (CRC). If during colonoscopy, all colorectal lesions are detected and completely removed, this individual will be long-term protected from CRC. The quality of the colonoscopy procedure is essential for an optimal protective effect. Recently published data of negative colonoscopies within the Polish Colonoscopy Screening Program, with a maximum follow-up of 17.4 years, demonstrated that high-quality colonoscopy was associated with a lower CRC incidence and mortality compared to low-quality colonoscopy. Colonoscopy quality was defined by completeness of colonoscopy, quality of the bowel preparation and number of detected colorectal lesions. These results suggest that the interval after a negative colonoscopy for the next screening might be safely prolonged, preventing unnecessary costs and risks for the patient. The quality of the initial colonoscopy is essential and a high quality will be fundamental for surveillance guidelines in the near future.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Pólipos , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento
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