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1.
Ginekol Pol ; 91(7): 428-431, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779165

RESUMO

The Polish Society of Gynecologists and Obstetricians and Polish Society of Colposcopy and Cervical Pathophysiology Interim Guidelines goal at aiding gynecologists in providing a cervical cancer prevention care during the evolving SARS-CoV-2 pan-demic. Presented guidelines were developed on a review of limited data and updated when new relevant publications were revealed. Timing for deferrals of diagnostic-therapeutic procedures were mostly covered in the guidelines. Also, a support for the existing Polish recommendations on abnormal screening results in a subject of minor and major screening abnor-malities terminology were given. The guidelines are obligatory for the specified COVID-19 pandemic period only and they might be changed depending on the new available evidence.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical , Colo do Útero/patologia , Colposcopia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Betacoronavirus , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Colposcopia/métodos , Colposcopia/normas , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/normas , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Polônia/epidemiologia , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle
3.
Gynecol Obstet Invest ; 85(2): 196-205, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182612

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Colposcopy represents the second step of the diagnostic approach of cervical intraepithelial lesions. Limits of colposcopy in studying cervix are essentially related to cervical anatomy. Nowadays, endocervical courettage is the standard technique to examine endocervix. Endocervicoscopy is a new imaging technique for the diagnostic work-up of endocervix in patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate endocervicoscopy accuracy to identify and grade cervical intraepithelial lesion in comparison to other procedures employed into the diagnostic workup of cervical pathology. METHODS: A total of 634 women who performed colposcopy, endocervicoscopy and cytological or histological sampling were included in a retrospective study. The agreement between the endocervicoscopic and the colposcopic impressions, minor and major changes, and between these imaging techniques and histological diagnosis was assessed for the entire cohort. χ2 test and k statistic were used in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: The extension of the lesion resulted significantly greater at endocervicoscopy than at colposcopy. We showed a statistically significant association between colposcopy and endocervicoscopy findings. Overall, the correlation of minor or major findings between colposcopy and endocervicoscopy was statistically significant with a p value for all parameters <0.0001. Description of mosaic/punctuation, cuffed crypt (gland) openings and ridge sign showed a high k value (k = 0.68 [95% CI 0.64-0.73], k = 0.80 [95% CI 0.75-0.85], k = 0.78 [95% CI 0.64-0.90], respectively). The sensitivity (70.1%) and the specificity (77.0%) of endocervicoscopy for all CIN lesions were lower than colposcopy. CONCLUSION: Endocervicoscopy turned out to be a good method to identify and grade CIN lesions in a subset of patients where colposcopy was not satisfactory. It allowed us to overcome one of the limits of colposcopy in the evaluation of the squamo-columnar junction and to establish the real extension of the lesion into cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Endoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Gradação de Tumores/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Colo do Útero/patologia , Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Colposcopia/métodos , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Endoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
4.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 59(1): 43-50, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039799

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Few studies have investigated the long-term impact of synthetic mesh reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) on patient outcomes. This study aimed to examine the incidence and risk factors of mesh exposure and the subsequent requirement for surgical interventions due to mesh-related complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted from November 2010 to April 2018. We recruited women with Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) stage 3 or 4 who underwent mesh reconstructive surgery for POP, and enrolled 487 women who received transvaginal mesh (TVM) and 110 women who received laparoscopic abdominal sacrocolpopexy (LASC). Assessments included mesh exposure rate and mesh-related complications requiring surgical interventions in both groups. RESULTS: In the LASC group, the overall mesh-related complication rate was 8.18% over a mean follow-up period of 18 months. Concomitant laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy was associated with mesh exposure (OR = 9.240; 95% CI = 1.752-48.728). No patients in the concurrent supracervical hysterectomy group were exposed to mesh. In the single-incision TVM group, the overall rate of mesh-related complications was 3.29% over a mean follow-up period of 19 months. Concomitant total vaginal hysterectomy was also a risk factor for mesh exposure (OR = 4.799; 95% CI = 1.313-17.359). CONCLUSION: Preserving the cervix or uterus decreased the rate of mesh exposure in those undergoing TVM and LASC surgery. The overall rate of mesh-related complications was low after up to 8 years of follow-up.


Assuntos
Colposcopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Colposcopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Laparoscopia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sacro/cirurgia , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Útero/cirurgia , Vagina/cirurgia
5.
Gynecol Oncol ; 157(2): 463-468, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107046

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Colposcopy-guided punch biopsy is a cornerstone method for diagnosing vulvar diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concordance rate of clinical findings in vulvar diseases during examinations, in comparison with colposcopy-directed punch biopsy. We also developed a new classification to simplify the categorization of vulvoscopic findings. METHODS: The concordance rate of the clinical findings was compared with the final histology results from punch biopsies. The data were collected between January 2014 and May 2017 at the Erlangen University Hospital. RESULTS: A total of 482 colposcopy-directed punch biopsies of the vulva were obtained in 420 women. The overall concordance rate of the clinical findings in comparison with the histological vulvar punch-biopsy findings was 53.9% for all entities - benign lesions, lichen, low- and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL/HSILs), and vulvar carcinoma. The concordance rate for detecting LSILs was 64.3% (45/70). The concordance rate for detecting HSILs was 62.3% and for Vulvar carcinoma 65.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Punch biopsy of suspicious lesions continues to be a cornerstone in diagnosing HSILs and carcinoma of the vulva. Careful work-up of the vulva is recommended when patients have symptoms such as pruritus or pain. The new classification is more specific for diagnosing lesions in the vulva.


Assuntos
Carcinoma in Situ/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Vulvares/diagnóstico , Adulto , Biópsia/métodos , Carcinoma in Situ/patologia , Colposcopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Vulvares/patologia
6.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 99(8): 1064-1070, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105344

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dynamic spectral imaging (DSI) colposcopy has previously been found to improve sensitivity of CIN2+ detection. The aim of this study was to compare the histological diagnosis of colposcopic-directed biopsies (CDB) with that of DSI-directed biopsies in women undergoing conization, using the histological diagnosis of the conization specimen as gold standard. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Women referred for colposcopy were included in a prospective cohort study at Randers Regional Hospital, Denmark, from January 2016 to February 2019. All women had four cervical punch biopsies taken. The first biopsy was taken from the area that appeared most abnormal by conventional colposcopy (ie, CDB) and the second biopsy from the area that appeared most abnormal using the DSI map. An additional two biopsies were taken either from other visible lesions or as random biopsies. Biopsies were analyzed separately. If any biopsies revealed cervical dysplasia of such a degree that excisional treatment was recommended, the patient was referred for conization. Subsequently, we compared the histological diagnosis of CDB and DSI-directed biopsies with that of the cone biopsy. RESULTS: A total of 573 women were enrolled, 170 of which underwent conization. In women with an adequate colposcopy and representative biopsies (n = 124) there was an overall agreement rate between the worst biopsy diagnosis (of any four) and the conization diagnosis in 95.2% (95% CI 89.8-98.2) of women. CDB diagnosis agreed with the cone diagnosis in 80.6% (95% CI 72.6-87.2) of women. DSI-directed biopsy agreed with the cone diagnosis in 83.9% (95% CI 76.2-89.9) of women. The difference in detection rate between the CDB and the DSI-directed biopsy was, however, not significant (P = .54). Taking four biopsies increases the detection rate of cervical dysplasia to 95.2%, which was a significant increase from both CDB alone (P = .0008) and DSI-directed biopsy alone (P = .0053). CONCLUSIONS: We found no significant difference in the ability to identify the cervical dysplasia grade between CDB and DSI-directed biopsies. A higher detection rate of cervical dysplasia was achieved with four biopsies than with one CDB biopsy or one DSI-directed biopsy.


Assuntos
Colposcopia/métodos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Displasia do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Displasia do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Conização , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 301(3): 769-777, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993733

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Malignancies of the vagina are rare, but colposcopy-directed biopsies play a major role in detecting vaginal intraepithelial lesions. Data of accuracy in detecting neoplasia of the vagina are very rare compared to accuracy in detecting cervical neoplasia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of colposcopy-directed biopsy in comparison with clinical findings of the examiner. METHODS: The accuracy of colposcopy-directed biopsy was compared with the clinical finding in relation to the patient's age and the examiner's level of training. This was done in combination with PAP-smear, HPV-test results, and the history of other malignancies of the lower genital tract. The data were collected between January 2014 and February 2018 at the certified Dysplasia Unit of the University Hospital Erlangen. RESULTS: In total, 253 biopsies from 253 women from the vagina were obtained. The overall accuracy of biopsy in comparison with clinical finding was 52.17% for all entities-benign lesions, low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs), and vaginal carcinoma. The accuracy for detecting HSIL was 82.46% (47/57), with an underdiagnosis rate of 15.79% and an overdiagnosis rate of 1.79%. CONCLUSION: With a sensitivity of over 80%, colposcopy-directed biopsy plays an important role in detecting vaginal-HSIL. A highly experienced practitioner is increasing the sensitivity in detecting vaginal-HSIL. Careful examination is required in women with a history of HSIL of the lower genital tract or with simultaneous neoplasia because they are of greater risk of developing vaginal malignancies. The combination of careful clinical work up, PAP-smear, HPV-testing, and colposcopy-guided biopsy is crucial in detecting vaginal-HSIL.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Colposcopia/métodos , Neoplasias Vaginais/diagnóstico , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Vaginais/patologia , Neoplasias Vaginais/cirurgia
8.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 223(1): 101.e1-101.e8, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Application of acetic acid to the cervix followed by colposcopic assessment with or without colposcopically directed biopsy is the standard test used to detect dysplastic lesions of the cervix. However, there is no evidence-based common standard defining how exactly to perform this test. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively define the optimal timing for the colposcopic assessment of acetowhite lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive women referred to our colposcopy unit were recruited. Using a standardized colposcopy protocol, we recorded the most severe colposcopic lesion 1, 3, and 5 minutes after application of acetic acid (primary study end point). The time to first appearance of the most severe colposcopic lesion, highest staining intensity, and fading of the most severe colposcopic lesion were video documented (secondary study end points, assessed independently by 3 raters). Results were compared using parametric and nonparametric tests. RESULTS: A total of 300 women were included. After 1 minute, 290 of 300 patients (96.7%) were diagnosed with the most severe colposcopic lesion. This proportion did not improve after 3 minutes (290/300 [96.7%]) or after 5 minutes (233/264 [88.3%]). The proportion of minor and major changes continuously declined over time from 142 in 300 (47.3%; 1 minute) to 107 in 264 (40.5%; 5 minutes) and from 110 in 300 (36.7%) to 91 in 264 (34.5%), respectively. The median time until the first appearance of the most severe colposcopic lesion was 13.5 (interquartile range, 3-27.25) seconds and was significantly lower in high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (7 [interquartile range, 1-20] seconds) compared to low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (19 [interquartile range, 9-39.5] seconds; P < .001). We observed fading of acetowhite lesions in 78% of cases, occurring at a median of 191 (interquartile range, 120-295) seconds after application of acetic acid. Fading started earlier in high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion compared to low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (179.5 [interquartile range, 110- 253.25] versus 212.5 [interquartile range, 146.5-300]; P = .044). Overall, the net difference between colposcopic assessments at 3 minutes versus at 1 minute was 1 more high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion and 1 less low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion. CONCLUSION: It is reasonable to conclude that the best time to identify lesions is 1 minute after the application of acetic acid. Continued evaluation for up to 3 minutes may be considered reasonable for an optimal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion yield. However, fading of acetowhite lesions is common, especially in high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, and supports a recommendation of not prolonging colposcopy beyond 3 minutes.


Assuntos
Ácido Acético/administração & dosagem , Colo do Útero/patologia , Colposcopia/métodos , Ácido Acético/farmacologia , Adulto , Idoso , Colo do Útero/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
9.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 245: 94-101, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891897

RESUMO

Sacrocolpopexy is considered the preferred treatment for vaginal vault. However, numerous technical variants are being practiced. We aimed to summarize the recent literature in relation to technical aspects of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC). We focused on surgical technique, mesh type, concomitant surgeries, and training aspects. We performed 2 independent literature searches in Medline, Scopus, the Cochrane library, and Embase electronic databases including the keywords: 'sacrocolpopexy', 'sacral colpopexy' and 'promontofixation'. Full text English-language studies of human patients, who underwent LSC, published from January 1, 2008 to February 26, 2019, were included. Levels of evidence using the modified Oxford grading system were assessed in order to establish a report of the available literature of highest level of evidence. Initially, 953 articles were identified. After excluding duplicates and abstracts screening, 35 articles were included. Vaginal fixation of the mesh can be performed with barbed or non-barbed (level 1), absorbable or non-absorbable sutures (level 2). Fixation of the mesh to the promontory can be performed with non-absorbable sutures or non-absorbable tackers (level 2). The current literature supports using type 1 mesh (level 2). Ventral mesh rectopexy can safely be performed with LSC while concurrent posterior repair has no additional benefit (level 2). There is no consensus regarding the preferred type of hysterectomy or the benefit of an additional anti urinary incontinence procedure. A structured learning program, as well as the number of procedures needed in order to be qualified for performing LSC is yet to be established. There are numerous variants for performing LSC. For many of its technical aspects there is little consensus.


Assuntos
Colposcopia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Sacro/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reto/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Vagina/cirurgia
10.
J Infect Public Health ; 13(4): 577-583, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate and compare the results of three different cervical cancer screening strategies including cytology screening, HR-HPV screening which taking HR-HPV testing as primary test and co-testing which taking both tests at the same time, then provide evidence to explore whether the cervical cancer screening can be conducted in community healthcare centers in Beijing. METHODS: 182,119 women aged between 35 and 64, who were screened in the primary healthcare facilities of nine districts in Beijing from January 2014 to March 2015, were enrolled in this study. Cytology screening was performed in participants during January 2014 and December 2014 as a conventional arm. HR-HPV screening strategy and co-testing were randomly allocated to participants on districts level as experimental arm 1 and 2 during January 2015 and March 2015. Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN 2+) was defined as endpoint. The screening results and costs to detect a case of three strategies were calculated. RESULTS: The positivity rate, colposcopy referral rate and biopsy referral rate of co-testing were 8.46%, 6.36% and 4.65% respectively, which were all significantly higher than the other two screening strategies. The detection rate of CIN 2+ by co-testing was 5.06‰ and was much more than the other two screening strategies, while the HR-HPV screening had the highest PPV of 14.40%. The HR-HPV screening ignores some lesion which can be found by co-testing. Co-testing refers a woman to colposcopy with a positive screening result at the least cost, but it costs the most to detect a CIN 2+ case. CONCLUSIONS: To detect more cases of CIN 2+, co-testing performs better although with the most cost. And the primary healthcare facilities in Beijing have the capability to carry out the cervical cancer screen programs and prompts women with positive screen results to the hospital.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Pequim , Biópsia/métodos , Colo do Útero/patologia , Colposcopia/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/economia , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Teste de Papanicolaou/economia , Teste de Papanicolaou/métodos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
11.
Int Urogynecol J ; 31(1): 91-99, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418044

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: New Zealand white rabbits are an inexpensive large-animal model. This study explored the rabbit as a model for mesh-augmented colpopexy using the intra-abdominal vagina. We hypothesized that polypropylene mesh would negatively impact rabbit vaginal smooth muscle (VSM) morphology and contractile function, similar to the nonhuman primate (NHP)-the established model for prolapse mesh evaluation. METHODS: Restorelle was implanted onto the vagina of ten rabbits via lumbar colpopexy after a hysterectomy. Ten rabbits served as sham. Twelve weeks post-implantation, the vagina was excised and VSM morphology and vaginal contractility were assessed. Outcome measures were compared using independent samples t and Mann-Whitney U tests with a Bonferroni correction, where appropriate. Results from the rabbits were compared with published NHP data. RESULTS: Animals had similar age, parity and BMI. VSM was 18% thinner after Restorelle implantation, P = 0.027. Vaginal contractility was 43% decreased in response to 120 mM KCl (P = 0.003), similar to the 46% reduction observed in the NHP vagina implanted with Restorelle (P = 0.027). Three meshes wrinkled in vivo, resulting in dramatic thinning of the underlying vagina in the area of the mesh causing a mesh exposure. CONCLUSIONS: Polypropylene mesh negatively impacts VSM morphology and vaginal contractility in the rabbit, similar to the NHP, suggesting that the rabbit may serve as an alternative large-animal model. The vaginal thinning and appearance of a mesh exposure in the area of a mesh wrinkle suggest the rabbit may also serve as a model for understanding the pathophysiology of mesh exposure.


Assuntos
Colposcopia/métodos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Telas Cirúrgicas , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Polipropilenos , Coelhos , Vagina/cirurgia
12.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 301(1): 263-271, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811416

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The current cervical cancer screening program in Germany recommends that the results showing suspected HPV infection should be further examined in specialized colposcopy units. This study aimed to correlate externally documented Pap smear results with in-house colposcopy-guided Pap cytology results and compare colposcopy-guided biopsy and postoperative histopathology results. METHODS: Clinical data were analyzed from 3627 examinations in 2844 patients who visited a university certified dysplasia unit from 2014 to 2017; 2212 patients underwent complete assessments, including Pap smear, colposcopy, HPV testing, colposcopy-guided biopsy, and/or surgery. The results were analyzed descriptively. RESULTS: External and in-house Pap results were consistent in 1054 ofthe 2212 patients (47.65%). Referral cytology showed a higher grade than in-house in 456 (20.61%) and a lower grade in 702 (31.74%). Using the histopathological findings as the gold standard, overdiagnosis in the referral cytology was noted in 180 patients (13.19%), underdiagnosis in 263 (19.27%), and concordant findings in 922 (67.55%). For in-house cytology, overdiagnosis was found in 133 patients (10.74%), underdiagnosis in 192 (15.51%), and accurate diagnosis with congruent cytology and histopathology findings in 913 (73.75%). CONCLUSIONS: The rate of detection of cervical abnormalities differs significantly depending on whether the examination is performed routinely or in specialized units. Colposcopy-guided Pap smears correlate significantly better with histology than referral cytology results without colposcopic guidance. More severe lesions were also detected more accurately.


Assuntos
Técnicas Citológicas/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Colposcopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
13.
BMJ Sex Reprod Health ; 46(2): 126-131, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666302

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: 'Slow' and 'cough' techniques for tenaculum placement are commonly used. This trial sought to determine if one method of placement resulted in less pain for patients. METHODS: This study was a randomised controlled trial of patients presenting for intrauterine device placement. Sixty-six participants were randomised to tenaculum placement via the 'slow' method (closure of tenaculum over a 5-s period) versus the 'cough' method (closure of tenaculum at the time of patient's cough). The primary outcome was pain at time of tenaculum placement measured on a 100 mm visual analogue scale. The study was powered to detect a 16 mm difference in pain. Secondary outcomes included pain with insertion and provider satisfaction with tenaculum grasp. Pain scores were analysed with Wilcoxon rank-sum test. RESULTS: Sixty-six women were enrolled, 33 randomised to each group. Demographics were similar in each group. The primary outcome of pain with tenaculum placement showed a median pain score of 44 (IQR=21, 63) with slow placement and 32 (IQR=19, 54) with cough placement. There was no significant difference in pain scores between methods of tenaculum placement (p=0.16). There was no significant difference in overall pain scores (p=0.12). Provider satisfaction was not associated with one method of placement (p=1). Pre-procedure anxiety was significantly associated with pain at the time of tenaculum placement (p=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Neither the slow method nor cough method is superior for pain reduction or provider satisfaction. Pain with tenaculum use is significantly associated with anxiety. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02969421.


Assuntos
Colposcopia/efeitos adversos , Dispositivos Intrauterinos , Percepção da Dor/fisiologia , Adulto , Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Colposcopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lidocaína/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor/métodos
14.
J Minim Invasive Gynecol ; 27(3): 721-727, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146027

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Our main purpose was to describe the surgical technique and short-term outcomes of single-incision laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (S-LSC) for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). DESIGN: This study consisted of a retrospective analysis of 49 consecutive cases. SETTING: This study was set at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from October 2016 to November 2017. PATIENTS: The population for this study consisted of women with stage II to IV POP who met eligibility criteria for laparoscopic surgery. INTERVENTIONS: S-LSC included the use of V-loc barbed suture and retroperitoneal tunneling, in addition to standard single-incision laparoscopic surgery techniques. All 49 cases were successfully completed. All cases included concomitant procedures; 42 (85.7%) had removal of the uterus and adnexa. The main measured outcomes include patient characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and change in pelvic floor support (Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification System), and quality of life (Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: All patients were parous, and 42.9% had a history of previous abdominal surgery. The mean operative duration from skin to skin was 201.20 ± 46.53 minutes. The mean estimated blood loss was 27.0 ± 16.6 mL. The mean pre- and post-operative Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification System scores were 2.2 ± 1.1 cm versus -2.6 ± 0.5 cm for the Aa point and 3.2 ± 2.8 cm versus -4.6 ± 0.8 cm for the C point (p <.05 for both). The mean pre- and post-operative Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire scores were 106.4 ± 18.9 versus 8.9 ± 4.26 (p <.05), suggesting that S-LSC significantly improved physical prolapse and quality of life. Four patients suffered from postoperative complications (3 mesh exposure and 1 lumbosacral pain). Six patients complained of new onset of stress urinary incontinence. CONCLUSIONS: Single-incision laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy is a feasible method to manage POP. However, the long-term effects and complications need to be further investigated.


Assuntos
Colposcopia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Colposcopia/efeitos adversos , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Região Sacrococcígea/patologia , Região Sacrococcígea/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia
15.
Ginekol Pol ; 90(11): 628-632, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Screening with cytology decreases cervical cancer burden, but new methods have emerged. We assessed thediagnostic value of electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in the real-world gynecological setting. The study aimed todetermine the diagnostic usefulness of EIS used as an adjunct to colposcopies in the diagnosis of high-grade squamousintraepithelial lesions in women with abnormal cytology findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, single center, observational study considered 143 women. All were subjected toa colposcopy and EIS with ZedScan. ZedScan-guided or colposcopically-guided biopsies were carried out. RESULTS: Data from 118 women were analyzed. The average age of the included women was 38.29 } 12.52 years (range:22-86 years). Overall, 27 had a diagnosis of CIN2+ and above on histopathological examination, 99 had low-grade colposcopyresults, 18 had high-grade colposcopy results, and 80 had positive ZedScan examination. No adverse events relatedto the examination with ZedScan were observed. EIS used as an adjunct to colposcopies showed sensitivity of 96.30%(95% CI: 81.03-99.91) and specificity of 39.56% (95% CI: 29.46-50.36), and accuracy of 52.54% (95% CI: 43.15-61.81). Theprocedure allowed to detect 11 additional cases with positive histo-pathological result in comparison to colposcopies alone. CONCLUSIONS: Colposcopies performed with ZedScan as an adjunct were effective in detecting high-grade cervical lesions.Advantages of ZedScan include real-time result display, no additional diagnostic burden posed on the patient, andgood safety profile. Studies on large patient cohorts are needed for further evaluations of this diagnostic procedure andfactors which may affect its diagnostic accuracy.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico por imagem , Colposcopia/métodos , Espectroscopia Dielétrica/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818033

RESUMO

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) represent a major cause of morbidity in women and men worldwide. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infections are among the most prevalent STIs and persistent infections with high-risk HPV (hrHPV) genotypes can cause cervical dysplasia and invasive cervical cancer. The association of other STIs with HPV cervical infection and/or dysplasia has however not yet been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of HPV and other STIs among women presenting with an abnormal cervical cytology. Cervical infections with 28 HPV genotypes and seven other sexually transmitted pathogens were evaluated in 177 women referred for a colposcopy after an abnormal Pap smear. Positivity for at least one hrHPV genotype was shown in 87% of women; HPV 16 was the most prevalent (25.0%), followed by HPV 31 and HPV 51. The overall positivity for other STIs was 49.2%, with Ureaplasma parvum being the most prevalent microrganism (39.0%). Co-infections between hrHPV and other STIs were demonstrated in 17.5% of women; no significant association was demonstrated between multiple infections and the colposcopy findings. This study provides new epidemiological data on the prevalence of cervical infections associated with HPV and seven other common sexually transmitted pathogens in a population of women presenting with an abnormal cervical cytology.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/terapia , Colposcopia/métodos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/terapia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/terapia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Coinfecção , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia
17.
J Low Genit Tract Dis ; 23(4): 241-247, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592970

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess whether lower proportions of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2+ diagnosed by random biopsy are from lower cut points defining an abnormal colposcopic impression or obtaining only one random biopsy when colposcopic impression is normal. METHODS: We compared colposcopy experiences within Shanxi Province Cervical Cancer Screening Study (SPOCCS) (n = 1,383) and Shenzhen Cervical Cancer Screening Trial (SHENCCAST) (n = 631), which had instructive differences in the cut point defining an abnormal colposcopic impression. RESULTS: The proportion of CIN 2+ diagnosed by random biopsy in SPOCCS (35.0%, 141/403) was higher than SHENCCAST (18.4%, 35/190, p < .001). Quadrant-specific receiver operating characteristic curves for diagnosis of CIN 2+ by colposcopic impression in SPOCCS and SHENCCAST were similar; a lower cut point for an abnormal colposcopic impression in SHENCCAST resulted in lower proportion of CIN 2+ diagnosed by random biopsy. Normal colposcopic impression was found in 85.1% (120/141) of cases of CIN 2+ diagnosed by random biopsy in SPOCCS and in 57.1% (20/35) of such cases in SHENCCAST. Of CIN 2+ diagnosed by random cervical biopsy with normal colposcopic impression, one cervical quadrant was involved with CIN 2+ in 66.7% (80/120) of colposcopies in SPOCCS and 80% (16/20) of colposcopies in SHENCCAST. CONCLUSIONS: Colposcopy series with higher proportions of CIN 2+ diagnosed by random biopsy likely have more stringent cut points defining an abnormal colposcopic impression and have more random biopsies when the colposcopic impression is normal. At colposcopy, we advise multiple biopsies of all acetowhite epithelium or multiple random biopsies to increase the sensitivity of colposcopy.


Assuntos
Biópsia/métodos , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Colposcopia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Colo do Útero/patologia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol ; 70(2): 94-102, 2019 06.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613074

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess inter-observer concordance by training level when applying the Swede score to digital colposcopy images. METHODS: Concordance study assembled in a cross-sectional study. The population consisted of patients referred for colposcopy to a cervical pathology reference center in Bogotá, Colombia, due to abnormal cytology. Convenience sampling was used. Measured variables were age, level of education, marital status, risk factors for cervical cancer such as parity, age of sexual activity initiation and number of sexual contacts, contraceptive method, cytology report and colposcopy result according to the criteria of the Swede score. Concordance was calculated using the weighted kappa (k) index. RESULTS: The analysis was based on a set of 3 digital colposcopic images of 251patients. For the total score on the scale, low agreement (k = 0.38; 95% CI: 0.26-0.44) was found between two expert gynecologists; low agreement (k = 0.27; IC 95 %: 0.20-0.38) was also shown for a pair of gynecologists with different training levels, while moderate agreement (k = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.34-0.53) was found for the third pair. For individual criteria on the Swede scale, the best agreement was found for "acetowhite reaction" and "lesion size" (k = 0.43; 95% CI: 0.33-0.53). CONCLUSIONS: Inter-observer concordance using the Swede score for digital colposcopic images ranged from low to moderate according to the level of training of the gynecologists.


Assuntos
Colo do Útero/patologia , Colposcopia/métodos , Ginecologia/educação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Colômbia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 20(9): 2579-2582, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554348

RESUMO

Objectives: The objectives of the study are to assess the prevalence of colposcopic and histological abnormalities in patients diagnosed with ASCUS and ASC-H and to compare the prevalence of CIN in each group. Methods: Population-based cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted in one of tertiary hospitals in UAE. All cervical smears reported as ASCUS or ASC-H in 2015 were included in this study. The local guideline in 2015 was to refer all cases of ASC for colposcopy assessment. Results: Overall 7,418 cervical smears were processed at our laboratory service, 5.6% (n=413) were reported as ASC. 95% of them (n=394) were ASCUS and 5% (n=19) were ASC-H. The overall prevalence of high grade CIN in patients with ASC-H is 26% compared with 0.8% for patients with ASCUS regardless the age. The relative risk of patients with ASC-H is 8 folds higher than patients with ASCUS to have low grade CIN but 29 fold higher risk of having High grade CIN and the P value =0.0001.Conclusion: ASC-H cytology confers a substantially higher risk for high grade CIN than ASCUS regardless of age. HPV test is an important triage test in patients with ASCUS to predict cellular changes and CIN.


Assuntos
Células Escamosas Atípicas do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Colposcopia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Esfregaço Vaginal/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estudos Retrospectivos , Triagem , Emirados Árabes Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
Obstet Gynecol ; 134(4): 736-744, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503149

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the proportion of women who experienced resolution of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) symptoms after surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) without a concomitant incontinence procedure. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of women with preoperative subjective and objective SUI who underwent minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy or uterosacral ligament suspension from 2009 to 2015. We excluded cases with incontinence procedures. The primary outcome was the proportion of women with subjective resolution of SUI postoperatively, defined as the absence of patient reported SUI symptoms during follow-up. Secondary outcomes included the proportion of women who underwent a subsequent staged midurethral sling (MUS) procedure and factors associated with resolution of SUI and staged MUS placement. RESULTS: Of 93 women, most were white (n=90, 98%) with stage III POP (n=55, 59%). Mean age was 59.5±8.9 years and body mass index 28.7±4.7. Seventy-three patients (78%) underwent minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy, and 20 (22%) underwent uterosacral ligament suspension. Median follow-up was 8.3 months (interquartile range 3.4-26.7). Postoperatively, 28 (30%) patients reported resolution of SUI, and 65 (70%) reported persistent SUI. Of the 93 patients, 47 (51%) were treated for persistent SUI and 34 (37%) underwent a staged MUS procedure. Among the staged MUS procedures, 27 (79%) were placed within 12 months. Median time to staged MUS procedure was 5.5 months (interquartile range 4.2-9.9). After controlling for degree of preoperative SUI bother, obese women were less likely to experience resolution of SUI after prolapse repair (odds ratio 0.28, 95% CI 0.08-0.95). We did not identify any factors that were significantly associated with undergoing a staged MUS procedure on univariate analyses (P>.05). CONCLUSION: Preoperative SUI resolved in nearly a third of women after prolapse surgery without a concomitant incontinence procedure. In a population typically offered a concomitant MUS procedure at the time of prolapse repair, a staged approach may result in nearly two-thirds fewer patients undergoing MUS procedures. This information may be helpful during preoperative shared decision making.


Assuntos
Colposcopia/métodos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Sacro/cirurgia , Slings Suburetrais , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Colposcopia/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Ligamentos/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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