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1.
BJOG ; 127(1): 88-97, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term incidence of serious complications of surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study using a surgical registry. SETTING: Thirteen public hospitals in France. POPULATION: A cohort of 1873 women undergoing surgery between February 2017 and August 2018. METHODS: Preliminary analysis of serious complications after a mean follow-up of 7 months (0-18 months), according to type of surgery. Surgeons reported procedures and complications, which were verified by the hospitals' information systems. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Serious complication requiring discontinuation of the procedure or subsequent surgical intervention, life-threatening complication requiring resuscitation, or death. RESULTS: Fifty-two women (2.8%, 95% CI 2.1-3.6%) experienced a serious complication either during surgery, requiring the discontinuation of the procedure, or during the first months of follow-up, necessitating a subsequent reoperation. One woman also required resuscitation; no women died. Of 811 midurethral slings (MUSs), 11 were removed in part or totally (1.4%, 0.7-2.3%), as were two of 391 transvaginal meshes (0.5%, 0.1-1.6%), and four of 611 laparoscopically placed mesh implants (0.7%, 0.2-1.5%). The incidence of serious complications 6 months after the surgical procedure was estimated to be around 3.5% (2.0-5.0%) after MUS alone, 7.0% (2.8-11.3%) after MUS with prolapse surgery, 1.7% (0.0-3.8%) after vaginal native tissue repair, 2.8% (0.9-4.6%) after transvaginal mesh, and 1.0% (0.1-1.9%) after laparoscopy with mesh. CONCLUSIONS: Early serious complications are relatively rare. Monitoring must be continued and expanded to assess the long-term risk associated with mesh use and to identify its risk factors. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Short-term serious complications are rare after surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse, even with mesh.


Assuntos
Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Colposcopia/efeitos adversos , Colposcopia/mortalidade , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Slings Suburetrais/efeitos adversos , Slings Suburetrais/estatística & dados numéricos , Telas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Cirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol ; 60(2): 274-82, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26549207

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to evaluate patterns of failure, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), prognostic factors and late toxicities in node positive International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IB cervix cancer treated with curative intent. METHODS: Patients with FIGO stage IB cervix cancer and positive nodes were identified from the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre prospective gynaecology database. Patients were treated with primary surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy (S + RT) or primary radiotherapy (primary RT). Prognostic factors examined were tumour size, histology, grade, lymphovascular invasion or corpus uterine invasion, MRI tumour volume, number of nodes involved, highest site of nodal involvement, treatment modality, age and smoking. RESULTS: Of the 103 eligible patients, 43 patients had S + RT and 60 patients had primary RT. Tumours were significantly smaller in the S + RT group (mean 3.0 cm vs. 4.5 cm, P < 0.001). Five-year OS (95% confidence interval) and DFS (95% confidence interval) for the whole cohort was 67.6% (56.5-76.4%) and 66.1% (55.7-74.6%), respectively. Tumour diameter and number of positive nodes were significant prognostic factors for OS and DFS and smoking was related to DFS. Treatment modality was not a significant prognostic factor in OS and DFS. Of 33 patients that relapsed, 32 patients relapsed outside the pelvis. One patient failed in the pelvis only. CONCLUSIONS: Early stage cervix cancer with nodal involvement is associated with excellent pelvic disease control following curative intent treatment. Almost all relapses occurred beyond the pelvis and therefore more aggressive local treatment is unlikely to improve survival in these patients.


Assuntos
Colposcopia/mortalidade , Irradiação Linfática/mortalidade , Lesões por Radiação/mortalidade , Radioterapia Conformacional/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia Combinada/mortalidade , Terapia Combinada/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Irradiação Linfática/estatística & dados numéricos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitória/epidemiologia
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