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1.
Codas ; 32(5): e20190150, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174987

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Thyroidectomy-Related Voice Questionnaire (TVQ) to Brazilian Portuguese. METHODS: We divided the process of translation and cross-cultural adaptation into the following stages: two independent translations; synthesis of the translations; analysis by an expert committee; pretest; back-translation; final synthesis; and final version. We performed the pretest with 20 patients before or after thyroidectomy. We characterized the sample by means of descriptive analysis, and calculated the agreement between the experts by the Item Content Validity Index (I-CVI) and the Questionnaire Content Validity Index (Q-CVI). RESULTS: Throughout the translation and cross-cultural adaptation, the instrument required operational, semantic, idiomatic, and syntactic/grammatical equivalences, especially after the analyses by the experts and the target population. The I-CVI and Q-CVI were mostly acceptable. The back-translation was equivalent to the original version. The comparison between the original, translated, and back-translated versions made possible the final version. CONCLUSION: We translated and adapted the TVQ to Brazilian Portuguese. The questionnaire is suitable for the next steps of the validation process.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Tireoidectomia , Brasil , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções
2.
Codas ; 32(5): e20190204, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174989

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To adapt the Australian singing voice protocol, Evaluation of Ability to Sing Easily (EASE) to Chilean Spanish. METHODS: A translation of the EASE to Chilean Spanish was performed and later back translated; these were reviewed by a committee made up of 4 Speech-Language pathologists who created the first version in Chilean Spanish (EASE-CL). The EASE-CL is made up of 22 items, the same as the original, which are answered according to a Likert frequency scale, to which, during its adaptation, the option 'not applicable' was added in order to identify the instructions that were not understood or inappropriate for the vocabulary of Chilean singers. This version was applied to 21 professional singers in the Valparaiso Region. During this application there were no suggestions to change any of the instructions. RESULTS: The EASE-CL reflects the original English both in the number of items and in the domains. CONCLUSION: The cultural and linguistic equivalence of the EASE protocol in Chilean Spanish was demonstrated and the EASE-CL version came to be.


Assuntos
Canto , Distúrbios da Voz , Austrália , Chile , Comparação Transcultural , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções , Distúrbios da Voz/diagnóstico
4.
J Cross Cult Gerontol ; 35(4): 455-478, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064233

RESUMO

Successful aging is a concept that has gained popularity and relevance internationally among gerontologists in recent decades. Examining lay older adults' perspectives on successful aging can enhance our understanding of what successful aging means. We conducted a systematic review of peer reviewed studies from multiple countries published in 2010-2020 that contained qualitative responses of lay older adults to open-ended questions such as "What does successful aging mean to you?" We identified 23 studies conducted in 13 countries across North America, Western Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and Oceania. We identified no studies meeting our criteria in Africa, South America, Eastern Europe, North Asia, or Pacific Islands. Across all regions represented in our review, older adults most commonly referred to themes of social engagement and positive attitude in their own lay definitions of successful aging. Older adults also commonly identified themes of independence and physical health. Least mentioned were themes of cognitive health and spirituality. Lay definitions of successful aging varied by country and culture. Our findings suggest that gerontology professionals in fields including healthcare, health psychology, and public health may best serve older adults by providing services that align with older adults' priority of maintaining strong social engagement as they age. Lay perspectives on successful aging acknowledge the importance of positive attitude, independence, and spirituality, in addition to physical and cognitive functioning.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/etnologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde/etnologia , Comparação Transcultural , Envelhecimento Saudável/etnologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ásia , Cognição , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Geriatria , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Oriente Médio , América do Norte , Oceania , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Apoio Social , Espiritualidade
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(44): e22743, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126312

RESUMO

Strategies to increase appropriateness of EoL care, such as shared decision making (SDM), and advance care planning (ACP) are internationally embraced, especially since the COVID-19 pandemic. However, individuals preferences regarding EoL care may differ internationally. Current literature lacks insight in how preferences in EoL care differ between countries and continents. This study's aim is to compare Dutch and Japanese general publics attitudes and preferences toward EoL care, and EoL decisions. Methods: a cross-sectional survey design was chosen. The survey was held among samples of the Dutch and Japanese general public, using a Nationwide social research panel of 220.000 registrants in the Netherlands and 1.200.000 in Japan. A quota sampling was done (age, gender, and living area). N = 1.040 in each country.More Japanese than Dutch citizens tend to avoid thinking in advance about future situations of dependence (26.0% vs 9.4%; P = .000); say they would feel themselves a burden for relatives if they would become dependent in their last phase of life (79.3% vs 47.8%; P = .000); and choose the hospital as their preferred place of death (19.4% vs 3.6% P = .000). More Dutch than Japanese people say they would be happy with a proactive approach of their doctor regarding EoL issues (78.0% vs 65.1% JPN; P = .000).Preferences in EoL care substantially differ between the Netherlands and Japan. These differences should be taken into account a) when interpreting geographical variation in EoL care, and b) if strategies such as SDM or ACP - are considered. Such strategies will fail if an international "one size fits all" approach would be followed.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Assistência Terminal/psicologia , Adulto , Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Adulto Jovem
6.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239139, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001994

RESUMO

Studies have documented that traditional motor skills (i.e. motor habits) are part of the cultural way of life that characterises each society. Yet, it is still unclear to what extent motor skills are inherited through culture. Drawing on ethnology and motor behaviour, we addressed this issue through a detailed description of traditional pottery skills. Our goal was to quantify the influence of three kinds of constraints: the transcultural constraints of wheel-throwing, the cultural constraints induced via cultural transmission, and the potters' individual constraints. Five expert Nepalese potters were invited to produce three familiar pottery types, each in five specimens. A total of 31 different fashioning hand positions were identified. Most of them (14) were cross-cultural, ten positions were cultural, five positions were individual, and two positions were unique. Statistical tests indicated that the subset of positions used by the participants in this study were distinct from those of other cultural groups. Behaviours described in terms of fashioning duration, number of gestures, and hand position repertoires size highlighted both individual and cross-cultural traits. We also analysed the time series of the successive hand positions used throughout the fashioning of each vessel. Results showed, for each pottery type, strong reproducible sequences at the individual level and a clearly higher level of variability between potters. Overall, our findings confirm the existence of a cultural transmission in craft skills but also demonstrated that the skill is not fully determined by a cultural marking. We conclude that the influence of culture on craft skills should not be overstated, even if its role is significant given the fact that it reflects the socially transmitted part of the skill. Such research offers insights into archaeological problems in providing a representative view of how cultural constraints influence the motor skills implied in artefact manufacturing.


Assuntos
Arte , Características Culturais , Destreza Motora , Adulto , Comparação Transcultural , Gestos , Mãos , Hinduísmo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nepal
7.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO5539, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To translate and make cross-cultural adaptation of NECPAL CCOMS-ICO© tool to Portuguese, and to analyze its semantic validity. METHODS: A methodological research about NECPAL CCOMS-ICO© tool cross-cultural adaptation, translated from Spanish into Portuguese and measurement of semantic validity. The cross-cultural adaptation process was conducted according to Beaton recommendations, including translation, translation synthesis, back-translation, and analysis of semantic, idiomatic, conceptual, and cultural equivalence of translated and back-translated tool versions, resulting in a pre-final version, which was submitted to a pre-test (n=35). Contend Validity Index was calculated to analyze semantic validity. RESULTS: Cross-cultural adaptation process allowed us to prepare the final version of this tool, which was named NECPAL-BR. Collected data from pre-testing step enabled the analysis of semantic validity. The Content Validity Index observed at this step was 0.94. CONCLUSION: The semantic validity of the tool in its Portuguese version was confirmed; therefore, it may assist in screening chronic progressive disease patients, aiming to provide early palliative care. It may also be used to develop clinical and team performance indicators, and be employed as a care management tool designed to optimize resources.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Semântica , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Humanos , Portugal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções
8.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 23: e200100, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053093

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The assessment of the degree to which health professionals, workers and organizations are ready to implement changes in health services deserves special attention, especially related to new technologies, public policies and innovation. The objectives of this study were to conduct a Brazilian Portuguese Brazil cross-cultural adaptation of the ORIC questionnaire and to initiate the study of its psychometric properties. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study, the Organizational Readiness for Implementing Change (ORIC) questionnaire, containing 12 questions, was translated and later applied to a sample of workers from traditional primary health care units undergoing transformation to family health units. Statistical analysis included Cronbach's alpha, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis by structural equation model using the Consensus-Based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) checklist. RESULTS: Workers from ten health units participated in the study (n = 150). The analysis confirmed two main factors (Effectiveness and Commitment) with Eigenvalues > 1. Rotation by the orthogonal method showed that the instrument questions confirmed the factors analyzed by the original instrument. The total Cronbach's Alpha of ORIC was 0.94, showing excellent reliability. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian Portuguese Brazil version of the ORIC-Br questionnaire showed good psychometric properties and can be used in health services to measure organizational readiness, considered as an indicator of the potential success in implementing change.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Inovação Organizacional , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Portugal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(11): 909-922, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107234

RESUMO

Through this meta-analysis, we sought to examine the prevalence of, risks for, and factors associated with bullying involvement (victimization, perpetration, perpetration-victimization) among students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Additionally, we attempted to examine sources of variance in the prevalence and effect sizes of bullying in students with ASD across studies. Systematic database and literature review identified 34 relevant studies (31 for Western countries, three for Eastern countries). Pooled prevalence estimates for victimization, perpetration, and perpetration-victimization in general were 67%, 29%, and 14%, respectively. The risk of victimization in students with ASD was significantly higher than that in typically developing students and students with other disabilities. Further, deficits in social interaction and communication, externalizing symptoms, internalizing symptoms, and integrated inclusive school settings were related to higher victimization, and externalizing symptoms were related to higher perpetration. Finally, moderation analyses revealed significant variations in the pooled prevalences thereof depending on culture, age, school settings, and methodological quality and in the pooled effect sizes according to publication year and methodological quality. Our results highlight needs for bullying intervention for students with ASD, especially those who are younger, are in an inclusive school setting, and have higher social difficulties and externalizing/internalizing symptoms; for intensive research of bullying experiences among students with ASD in Eastern countries; and for efforts to improve the methodological quality of such research.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Comparação Transcultural , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/etnologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Bullying/psicologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 294, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fear of falling (FOF) is a very pervasive problem among older adults. Consequently, many scales have been developed for its assessment. The Modified Falls Efficacy Scale (MFES) is one of the most popular FOF scales. The MFES was originally developed for use in developed countries, and thus may not be entirely suitable for use in developing countries due to cultural and environmental differences between the two country categories. This study was therefore designed to cross-culturally adapt and validate the MFES to Igbo culture and environment among community-dwelling older adults in Nnewi community using established guidelines. METHODS: The original English version of the MFES (E-MFES) was translated, synthesized, back-translated, subjected to expert panel review, and pretested before producing the final Igbo version of the MFES (I-MFES). The I-MFES and the Short Falls Efficacy Scale International were randomly administered to consecutively recruited 109 consenting older adult residents of Nnewi (43.1% males; mean age = 74.45 ± 8.78 years). Convergent and structural validities and internal consistency of the I-MFES were assessed at 0.05 level of significance. RESULTS: All the 14 items on the E-MFES were retained on the I-MFES. The I-MFES exhibited the same structure as the E-MFES. The correlation between the total scores on the I-MFES and the Short Falls Efficacy Scale International was excellent (rho = - 0.93) indicating evidence of convergent validity of the I-MFES. The Cronbach's alpha value of the I-MFES was 0.97 showing evidence of excellent internal consistency of the items on the I-MFES. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence of some aspects of validity and reliability of the I-MFES.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Medo/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comparação Transcultural , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente/psicologia , Masculino , Nigéria , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções
11.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 297, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a measure of positive mental health and flourishing, which is widely used in several countries but has not yet been validated in Denmark. This study aimed to examine its qualitative and quantitative properties in a Danish population sample and compare scores with Canada and the Netherlands. METHODS: Three thousand five hundred eight participants aged 16-95 filled out an electronic survey. Both the unidimensional and multidimensional aspects of the Danish MHC-SF were studied through bifactor modelling. Cognitive interviews examined face validity and usability. RESULTS: The general score of the Danish MHC-SF was reliable for computing unit-weighted composite scores, as well as using a bifactor model to compute general factor scores or measurement models in an SEM context. Nonetheless, subscale scores were unreliable, explaining very low variance beyond that explained by the general factor. The participants of the qualitative interviews observed problems with wording and content of the items, especially from the social subscale. The general score correlated with other scales as expected. We found substantial variation in flourishing prevalence rates between the three cultural settings. CONCLUSIONS: The Danish MHC-SF produced reliable general scores of well-being. Most of the issues observed regarding the subscale scores have been shown in previous research in other contexts. The further analysis of indices of the bifactor model and the inclusion of qualitative interviews allowed for a better understanding of the possible sources of problems with the questionnaire's subscales. The use of subscales, the substantive understanding of the general score, as well as the operationalization of the state of flourishing, require further study.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Psicometria/instrumentação , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Comparação Transcultural , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 43(9): 611-618, sept. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194390

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La pandemia por CO-VID-19 podría estar dejando secuelas de tipo psicológico en la población. Tanto el hecho esperable de una reinfección de ámbito mundial, como la distribución temporal desigual entre países, nos imponen la necesidad de estar preparados y contar con herramientas que tengan la capacidad de medir en el contexto adecuado la respuesta personal ante esta crisis. OBJETIVO: Llevar a cabo la traducción, adaptación transcultural y validación para estudiantes de Grado en Enfermería de España de la "Escala de Medida de las Manifestaciones del Bienestar Psicológico". MÉTODO: La población diana fueron los estudiantes de los cuatro cursos del Grado en Enfermería de la Universidad Católica de Valencia. La recogida de datos se implementó a través de un cuestionario on line dentro del protocolo @student-sONquarentine. La muestra final quedó constituida por 375 estudiantes. RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIÓN: Se mantiene la estructura factorial de la escala portuguesa. KMO: 0,923; T. de Bartlett: 4552,347 (p =.000) y r de Pearson por factores entre .702 y .861. Por lo que contamos con un instrumento con criterios óptimos de validez de constructo y fiabilidad para la medida del Bienestar Psicológico en estudiantes de Grado en Enfermería en condiciones de aislamiento


INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic could be leaving psychological consequences in the population, both the expected fact of a global reinfection, and the unequal temporal distribution between countries, impose on us the need to be prepared and have tools with the ability to measure in the appropriate context the personal response to this crisis. OBJECTIVE: To carry out the translation, cross-cultural adaptation and validation for students of Bachelor of Nursing in Spain of the "Measurement Scale of the Manifestations of Psychological Well-being". METHOD: The target population was the students of the four courses of the Nursing Degree of the Catholic University of Valencia. Data collection was implemented through an online questionnaire within the @studentsONquarentine protocol. The final sample was made up of 375 students. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The factorial structure of the Portuguese scale is maintained. KMO: 0.923; Bartlett's T. 4552.347 (p = .000) and Pearson's r by factors between .702 and .861. Therefore, we have an instrument with optimal criteria of construct validity and reliability for the measurement of Psychological Well-being in Nursing Degree students in conditions of isolation


Assuntos
Humanos , Adaptação Psicológica , Esgotamento Psicológico/diagnóstico , Psicometria/instrumentação , Testes Psicológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Educação em Enfermagem/tendências , Comparação Transcultural , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Psychol Sci ; 31(10): 1236-1244, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915703

RESUMO

It has become increasingly clear that COVID-19 is transmitted between individuals. It stands to reason that the spread of the virus depends on sociocultural ecologies that facilitate or inhibit social contact. In particular, the community-level tendency to engage with strangers and freely choose friends, called relational mobility, creates increased opportunities to interact with a larger and more variable range of other people. It may therefore be associated with a faster spread of infectious diseases, including COVID-19. Here, we tested this possibility by analyzing growth curves of confirmed cases of and deaths due to COVID-19 in the first 30 days of the outbreaks in 39 countries. We found that growth was significantly accelerated as a function of a country-wise measure of relational mobility. This relationship was robust either with or without a set of control variables, including demographic variables, reporting bias, testing availability, and cultural dimensions of individualism, tightness, and government efficiency. Policy implications are also discussed.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Modelos Biológicos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Comportamento Social , Vacina BCG , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Comparação Transcultural , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Saúde Pública/legislação & jurisprudência , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4503, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908145

RESUMO

Most humans believe in a god, but many do not. Differences in belief have profound societal impacts. Anthropological accounts implicate bottom-up perceptual processes in shaping religious belief, suggesting that individual differences in these processes may help explain variation in belief. Here, in findings replicated across socio-religiously disparate samples studied in the U.S. and Afghanistan, implicit learning of patterns/order within visuospatial sequences (IL-pat) in a strongly bottom-up paradigm predict 1) stronger belief in an intervening/ordering god, and 2) increased strength-of-belief from childhood to adulthood, controlling for explicit learning and parental belief. Consistent with research implicating IL-pat as a basis of intuition, and intuition as a basis of belief, mediation models support a hypothesized effect pathway whereby IL-pat leads to intuitions of order which, in turn, lead to belief in ordering gods. The universality and variability of human IL-pat may thus contribute to the global presence and variability of religious belief.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Intuição/fisiologia , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Religião e Psicologia , Religião , Adolescente , Adulto , Afeganistão , Feminino , Humanos , Individualidade , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Proc Biol Sci ; 287(1935): 20201245, 2020 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962541

RESUMO

The intensifying pace of research based on cross-cultural studies in the social sciences necessitates a discussion of the unique challenges of multi-sited research. Given an increasing demand for social scientists to expand their data collection beyond WEIRD (Western, educated, industrialized, rich and democratic) populations, there is an urgent need for transdisciplinary conversations on the logistical, scientific and ethical considerations inherent to this type of scholarship. As a group of social scientists engaged in cross-cultural research in psychology and anthropology, we hope to guide prospective cross-cultural researchers through some of the complex scientific and ethical challenges involved in such work: (a) study site selection, (b) community involvement and (c) culturally appropriate research methods. We aim to shed light on some of the difficult ethical quandaries of this type of research. Our recommendation emphasizes a community-centred approach, in which the desires of the community regarding research approach and methodology, community involvement, results communication and distribution, and data sharing are held in the highest regard by the researchers. We argue that such considerations are central to scientific rigour and the foundation of the study of human behaviour.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Coleta de Dados , Humanos , Princípios Morais , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796737

RESUMO

The present study describes the cross-cultural adaptation of the Brazilian version (Rio de Janeiro) of the Caregiver's Feeding Styles Questionnaire (CFSQ) among caregivers of children aged 3 to 6 years enrolled in a family health service in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The cross-cultural adaptation process included the following phases: (1) literature review; (2) translation and back-translation of the instrument; (3) assessment of semantic equivalence through cognitive interviews with caregivers; (4) discussion with experts; (5) pretesting of the revised version; and (6) assessment of psychometric characteristics, including reliability and validity of the scale. Results showed the appropriateness of the caregiver's feeding styles concept within the Brazilian culture and that the instrument was understandable to caregivers enrolled in a family health service. The CFSQ measurements showed perfect intra-observer reliability for "demandingness" and almost perfect for "responsiveness". Inter-observer reliability was almost perfect for both dimensions, "demandingness" and "responsiveness". Factor analysis of the Brazilian CFSQ version proposed an instrument with one dimension and 13 items. The satisfactory results of the cross-cultural adaptation of the CFSQ suggest its applicability in the population of interest with the possible reduction of some scale items.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Comparação Transcultural , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Idioma , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções
17.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 269, 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The original version of Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Patella Questionnaire (VISA-P) is developed in English, and aimed to assess the severity of patellar tendinopathy symptoms. Before used in China, it should be translated to Chinese version. OBJECTIVES: Our aim is to make a translation/cross-culturally adaption for the VISA-P into simplified Chinese version (VISA-PC). And primarily validate the VISA-PC in Chinese speaking population. METHODS: The translation process of VISA-P questionnaire into simplified Chinese version (VISP-PC) followed the International recognized guideline. Cross-cultural adaptation was carried out with a clinical measurement study. A total of 128 projects which consisted 33 healthy students, 39 patients with patellar tendinopathy and 56 military students (receive military training as at-risk population) were included into this study. Internal consistency was evaluated with Cronbach's alpha, and test-retest reliability was assessed with intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). Construct validity and floor and ceiling effects were also tested. RESULTS: The scores were 95.84 ± 5.97 of healthy group, 91.87 ± 9.03 of at-risk group, 62.49 ± 11.39 of pathological group. There is no ceiling and floor effect of VISA-PC. The Cronbach's alpha (0.895) and ICC (0.986) values showed good internal consistency and reliability. There were high correlations between VISA-PC and Kujala patellofemoral score (r = 0.721). VISA-PC score also had good correlation with the relevant SF-36 items. CONCLUSION: The VISA-PC was well translated into simplified Chinese version (VISA-PC), which is reliable and valid for Chinese-speaking patients with patellar tendinopathy. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II.


Assuntos
Ligamento Patelar/fisiopatologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Tendinopatia/fisiopatologia , Adaptação Fisiológica , Adulto , Traumatismos em Atletas/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Comparação Transcultural , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tendinopatia/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
18.
Pain Res Manag ; 2020: 1050935, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32774564

RESUMO

An increased sensitivity to painful stimuli has been proposed to be related to the development of chronic pain. Therefore, assessment of individual pain sensitivity is useful in clinical practice. However, experimental pain testing may be uncomfortable for patients and requires specific equipment. The Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ) has been developed to facilitate assessment of pain sensitivity. In this study, we aimed to translate and cross-culturally adapt the PSQ from its published German and English versions into the Dutch language and to assess validity of the PSQ in healthy volunteers. After translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the PSQ following international guidelines, we validated the PSQ in 394 healthy volunteers by comparing the PSQ-values with two different experimental pain tests: electrical pain tolerance (EPT) and pressure pain threshold (PPT). In addition, ratings of pain intensity during these tests were obtained on the numerical rating scale (NRS, 0-10). We found that the reliability of the PSQ based on internal consistency was good (Cronbach's alpha 0.90). PSQ-scores, adjusted for age and sex, were statistically significant and weakly inversely correlated to EPT (PSQ-moderate: rho = -0.24, p=0.007; PSQ-total: rho = -0.22, p=0.016). No statistically significant correlation between PSQ-scores and PPT was found. Concerning the pain scores, PSQ-scores were weakly to moderately correlated to EPT-NRS (PSQ-minor: rho = 0.21, p=0.021; PSQ-moderate: rho = 0.22, p=0.016; PSQ-total: rho = 0.23, p=0.009) as well as PPT-NRS (PSQ-minor: rho = 0.32, p < 0.001; PSQ-moderate: rho = 0.36, p < 0.001; PSQ-total: rho = 0.37, p < 0.001). Therefore, we concluded that the Dutch version of the PSQ is culturally appropriate for assessing self-reported pain sensitivity in healthy volunteers.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/diagnóstico , Medição da Dor/instrumentação , Psicometria/instrumentação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções , Adulto , Comparação Transcultural , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Idioma , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autorrelato
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784806

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examined the relationship of academic performance with the Big Five traits of personality, academic motivation, and gender in a cross-cultural context. METHODS: Participants in the study were 424 university students of physical education (PE) departments from Poland (53%) and Ukraine (47%). Undergraduates completed a brief version of the International Personality Item Pool (Mini-IPIP) to assess the Five-Factor model of personality, the Academic Motivations Scale (AMS), and grade point average (GPA). RESULTS: Polish PE students scored higher in emotional stability and extroversion and had a higher GPA than Ukrainian PE undergraduates. Gender differences were found in both personality traits and academic motivation scales. Intrinsic motivation may predict academic performance. Conscientiousness and intellect emerged as mediators of the relationship between intrinsic motivation and academic performance and gender was found as a moderator in the relationship between conscientiousness and academic success. CONCLUSIONS: Women are more motivated regarding academic achievements than men. In addition to intrinsic motivation, the most important factors for academic grades are some personality traits, gender, and cultural differences. Openness and conscientiousness in men are mediators between intrinsic motivation and academic performance. The results of this study may be useful for PE academic teachers to improve the motivation of their students.


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico , Motivação , Personalidade , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto , Comparação Transcultural , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Educação Física e Treinamento , Polônia , Fatores Sexuais , Ucrânia
20.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 273, 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reproductive concerns are common among young cancer survivors and include worries related to different aspects of fertility and parenthood. The Reproductive Concerns After Cancer (RCAC) scale is an 18-item scale with six dimensions, developed to capture a variety of such concerns. The aim of the present study was to describe the cultural adaptation of the RCAC scale into Swedish and evaluate its psychometric properties among young women who have undergone treatment for cancer. METHODS: The RCAC was forward translated from English into Swedish and assessed for cultural adaptation based on a two-panel approach followed by cognitive interviews with the target group. For the psychometric evaluation, a Swedish cohort of 181 female young adult breast cancer survivors completed a survey including the RCAC scale approximately 1.5 years post-diagnosis. Psychometric properties were examined by analyses of construct validity (confirmatory factor analysis and convergent validity), data quality (score distribution, floor and ceiling effects), reliability and known-groups validity. RESULTS: The confirmatory factor analysis yielded an acceptable fit (RMSEA 0.08, SRMR 0.09, CFI 0.92). Convergent validity was demonstrated by a negative correlation of moderate size (- 0.36) between the RCAC total score and the emotional function scale of the EORTC QLQ-C30. Reliability measured with Revelle Ω total was satisfactory (0.73-0.92) for five of the dimensions, and poor for the dimension Becoming pregnant (Revelle Ω total = 0.60); Cronbach's alpha showed a similar pattern. Known-groups validity was indicated by significant RCAC mean score differences (MD), reflecting more concerns among women with a certain (MD 4.56 [95% CI 3.13 to 5.99]) or uncertain (MD 3.41 [95% CI 1.68 to 5.14]) child wish compared to those with no wish for (additional) children. CONCLUSION: The translation and cultural adaptation of the Swedish RCAC has resulted in a scale demonstrating construct and known-groups validity, and satisfactory reliability for five of six dimensions. The dimension Becoming pregnant showed non-optimal internal consistency and should undergo further evaluation. The Swedish RCAC is recommended to be used in research settings for measurement of concerns related to fertility and parenthood in young women with cancer.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Infertilidade Feminina/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Criança , Comparação Transcultural , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Suécia , Traduções , Adulto Jovem
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