Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 374
Filtrar
2.
BMC Womens Health ; 19(1): 112, 2019 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internationally, women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) lack knowledge about their disease, which limits their ability to take responsibility for self-care and creates negative psychosocial effects, including marital problems. Normally, screening is performed in primary care, and in case of abnormal results, the patient is referred to specialized care for follow-up and treatment. Given the lack of international literature regarding patients' experiences in primary and specialized healthcare, our study aims to: (a) investigate how women with CIN perceive the communication and management of information by healthcare providers at different moments of their healthcare and (b) identify these women's informational needs. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory study was carried out in a gynecology unit of a public hospital of the Galician Health Care Service (Spain). Participants were selected through purposive sampling. The sample consisted of 21 women aged 21 to 52 years old with a confirmed diagnosis of CIN. Semistructured interviews were recorded and transcribed. A thematic analysis was carried out, including triangulation of researchers for analysis verification. RESULTS: Two analytical themes were identified. The first was communication gaps in the diagnosis and management of information in primary and specialized healthcare. These gaps occurred in the following moments of the healthcare process: (a) cervical cancer screening in primary care, (b) waiting time until referral to specialized care, (c) first consultation in specialized care, and (d) after consultation in specialized care. The second theme was participants' unmatched informational needs. The doubts and informational needs of women during their healthcare process related to the following subthemes: (a) HPV transmission, (b) HPV infection symptoms and consequences, and (c) CIN treatment and follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that women who have a diagnosis of CIN experience important healthcare informational challenges when accessing primary and specialized care that have several implications for their wellbeing. The information given is limited, which makes it difficult for women to understand and participate in the decision making regarding the prevention and treatment of CIN. Service coordination among different levels of care and the availability of educational materials at any given time would improve the patients' healthcare experience.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Assistência ao Paciente , Navegação de Pacientes/organização & administração , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/psicologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Competência em Informação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Espanha , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/psicologia
3.
Neuropsychology ; 33(7): 975-985, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204814

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Greater financial and health literacy are associated with better cognition; however, research suggests that some individuals exhibit differences, or discrepancies, in these abilities in old age. We investigated discrepancies between literacy and cognition and factors associated with such discrepancies in older adults without dementia. METHOD: Participants (N = 714; Mage = 81.4; education: M = 15.4; 75.4% female; 5.2% non-White) from the Rush Memory and Aging Project completed cognitive assessments and a financial and health literacy measure that yielded a total literacy score. Participants were characterized into three groups: (a) total literacy scores that are more than one standard deviation (1 SD) above cognition (L > C), (b) total literacy scores falling more than 1 SD below cognition (L < C), and (c) total literacy within 1 SD of cognition (L = C). Logistic regressions were employed to investigate associations between demographic and psychosocial variables and discrepancy group status. RESULTS: Of the 714 participants, 24% showed significant discrepancies. In fully adjusted models, in reference to the L = C group, male sex was associated with greater odds of being in the L > C group (odds ratio [OR] = 2.32, 95% CI [1.33, 4.03], p = .003) and lower odds of being in the L < C group (OR = 0.31, 95% CI [0.14, 0.66], p = .002), higher income was associated with lower odds of being in either discrepancy group (L < C OR = 0.87, 95% CI [0.79, 0.96], p = .004; L > C OR = 0.86, 95% CI [0.76, 0.96], p = .007), and higher trust was associated with lower odds of being in the L > C group (OR = 0.92, 95% CI [0.85, 0.99], p = .030). CONCLUSIONS: Findings support literacy and cognition as partially dissociable constructs and highlight important factors associated with discrepancies between literacy and cognition. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Cognição , Economia , Alfabetização em Saúde , Competência em Informação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento Cognitivo , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Confiança
4.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0215971, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042748

RESUMO

Can participation in job-related training contribute to the formation and maintenance of adults' literacy skills? Although evidence suggests that participation in training is related to higher literacy skills, it remains unclear whether this association reflects a causal effect of training participation on literacy (training effects), results from the self-selection of more high-skilled individuals into training (selection effects), or is due to other sources of endogeneity (e.g., omitted variable bias). To unravel these possibilities, we used data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) and its German follow-up, PIAAC-Longitudinal (PIAAC-L). As these unique data offer repeated measures of literacy skills, spaced three years apart, in a large and representative sample, they allowed us to disentangle training effects from selection effects and to account for potential endogeneity. Analyses revealed that, even after taking account of formal education and a host of job characteristics, individuals with higher literacy skills were more likely to participate in training. By contrast, no evidence for effects of training on literacy skills emerged in any of our models, which comprised lagged-dependent, fixed effects, and instrumental-variable models. These findings suggest that, rather than job-related training contributing to literacy development, individuals with higher literacy skills are more likely to participate in training.


Assuntos
Educação/tendências , Alfabetização/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Competência em Informação , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Capacitação em Serviço , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Administração de Recursos Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
5.
Eur J Med Genet ; 62(5): 397-404, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085343

RESUMO

Personal genome screening (PGenS) is increasingly being offered as a screen for future health management, and to identify carrier status pertinent to reproductive decision-making. The aim of this study was therefore to explore the experience of individuals who undertook PGenS through the 2014 Sydney "Understand Your Genome (UYG)" event and a 2015 offer of PGenS by Australian biotechnology company Life Letters (LL). Eligible individuals were invited to participate by their clinical geneticist (UYG), or email from Director of LL. Semi-structured telephone interviews with 17 individuals were audio-recorded, transcribed, de-identified and analyzed by two coders using thematic analysis with an inductive approach. Nine participants had genetic/genomics expertise and eight were well-informed health and business professionals. Individual participant PGenS results included: an autosomal dominant condition not previously clinically identified (n = 1); carrier status for recessive condition(s) (n = 8); a number of disease-causing variants associated with an increased susceptibility to an inherited disorder (n = 7); variants of uncertain significance (n = 5); and a few pharmacogenomically-relevant variants (n = 4). The majority of participants described the importance of pre-test genetic counseling, information and/or consent (n = 12). Some barriers to uptake were identified, including scepticism by GPs (n = 6), colleagues (n = 3), and family members (n = 2), as well as privacy concerns (n = 4). Those without genetic/genomics expertise were mostly motivated to have testing by curiosity or interest in personal health (6/8), one seeking a diagnosis for an inherited medical condition and another for future health management. For many with genetic/genomics experience, the motivation was professional interest (8/9) and/or curiosity (5/9), without concern for personal health risk (4/9). On reflection, despite this initial motivation by the latter, the test result had unanticipated personal impact for some of this group, which changed over time (4/5). Several later recognized this, as health problems developed or family history was interrogated more closely. For all participants, disclosure of results to extended family members was limited. Most participants felt personal and family implications and communication (5/17) and/or expectations (3/17) should be addressed at the pre-test session, including more emphasis on residual risk and changes in interpretation with developing phenotypes. Those without genetics/genomics expertise highlighted the need for easy to understand pre-test information and/or an example report to be provided (7/8). These results are consistent with a need to develop more accessible resources, and more personalized counseling approaches to address expectations, dissemination of results, and preparedness for unexpected findings.


Assuntos
Triagem e Testes Direto ao Consumidor/métodos , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Competência em Informação , Adulto , Atitude , Triagem e Testes Direto ao Consumidor/psicologia , Triagem e Testes Direto ao Consumidor/normas , Feminino , Testes Genéticos/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
Health Info Libr J ; 36(2): 190-194, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099954

RESUMO

Appointed at the turn of the year Donna Iriving is the incoming Teaching and Learning in Action Regular Feature Editor, in this quarters issue Donna presents and overview of Regular Features over the past five years to share examples of your best practice.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/tendências , Humanos , Competência em Informação
7.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 107(2): 163-171, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31019384

RESUMO

Objective: Entrepreneurship and innovative product design in health care requires expertise in finding and evaluating diverse types of information from a multitude of sources to accomplish a number of tasks, such as securing regulatory approval, developing a reimbursement strategy, and navigating intellectual property. The authors sought to determine whether an intensive, specialized information literacy training program that introduced undergraduate biomedical engineering students to these concepts would improve the quality of the students' design projects. We also sought to test whether information literacy training that included active learning exercises would offer increased benefits over training delivered via lectures and if this specialized information literacy training would increase the extent of students' information use. Methods: A three-arm cohort study was conducted with a control group and two experimental groups. Mixed methods assessment, including a rubric and citation analysis, was used to evaluate program outcomes by examining authentic artifacts of student learning. Results: Student design teams that received information literacy training on topics related to medical entrepreneurship and health care economics showed significantly improved performance on aspects of project performance relevant to health care economics over student design teams that did not receive this training. There were no significant differences between teams that engaged in active learning exercises and those that only received training via lectures. Also, there were no significant differences in citation patterns between student teams that did or did not receive specialized information literacy training. Conclusions: Information literacy training can be used as a method for introducing undergraduate health sciences students to the health care economics aspects of the medical entrepreneurship life cycle, including the US Food and Drug Administration regulatory environment, intellectual property, and medical billing and reimbursement structures.


Assuntos
Engenharia Biomédica/educação , Economia Médica , Contrato de Risco , Competência em Informação , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Ensino
9.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 107(1): 72-79, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30598651

RESUMO

Background: This case study describes the implementation and evaluation of a multisite teen health information outreach program. The objectives of the program were to increase health knowledge, health information literacy, interest in health careers, community engagement, and leadership skills of teens in disadvantaged communities. Case Presentation: Teens at six sites across the country participated in a multi-week curriculum that focused on various aspects of health literacy, information literacy, and leadership. Lesson topics addressed personal health, social determinants of health, information quality, and communication and advocacy skills. Program evaluation included both quantitative and qualitative components and focused on multiple knowledge and skills outcome variables. Results suggested that while teens at all sites showed improvement, particularly with respect to engagement and interest in the topics, the degree of gains in knowledge and information literacy measures varied significantly from site to site. Conclusion: On-site implementation planning, cohesive integration of added activities, and emphasis on retention can contribute to implementation and evaluation effectiveness. This work also underscores the limitation of a purely quantitative approach to capturing the impact of health information and stresses the importance of supplementing numerical scores and statistics with qualitative data.


Assuntos
Saúde do Adolescente , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Alfabetização em Saúde/métodos , Alfabetização em Saúde/organização & administração , Competência em Informação , Liderança , Adolescente , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupos Minoritários/educação , Estudos de Casos Organizacionais , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estados Unidos , Populações Vulneráveis
10.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 107(1): 98-102, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30598654

RESUMO

Librarians have ever-expanding teaching responsibilities in many academic disciplines. Assessment of learning outcomes requires longitudinal evaluation to measure true retention of skills and knowledge. This is especially important in the health sciences, including pharmacy, where librarians take an active role in teaching students to help prepare them for a profession in which solid information literacy skills are required to safely and effectively provide evidence-based care to patients. In this commentary, I reflect on a year of teaching in a pharmacy program and consider the outcomes of my instruction, areas for improvement, student retention of learning, assessment challenges, faculty-librarian collaboration, and continued support for library instruction in the pharmacy curriculum.


Assuntos
Educação em Farmácia/organização & administração , Docentes/psicologia , Competência em Informação , Bibliotecários/psicologia , Bibliotecas Especializadas/organização & administração , Estudantes de Farmácia , Ensino/psicologia , Adulto , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pennsylvania , Adulto Jovem
11.
Eur J Med Genet ; 62(5): 368-375, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590173

RESUMO

While many people enjoy popular culture, these transactional experiences may not translate into formal or academic learning about a subject. In education and science communication settings popular culture is often presented as a source of inaccurate information about science. Different publics are often positioned as, at best, undiscriminating consumers and at worst victims of distorted scientific information. We explore how people use their own knowledge and interests to engage with genetics. Here, data from family interviews are used to illustrate how participants draw on popular culture as a resource to engage with and articulate their beliefs about genetics. Using qualitative data from family interviews we describe two perspectives: first, popular culture represents a source of narratives and metaphors used for rhetorical purposes. Second participants used fictional narratives in more depth - as sense-making devices - allowing people to explore the moral and ethical implications of genetics. We argue that by utilising patients' interests - such as popular culture - we can potentially enrich communication in a genetic counselling context.


Assuntos
Atitude , Aconselhamento Genético/psicologia , Genética , Cultura Popular , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Aconselhamento Genético/métodos , Humanos , Competência em Informação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Opinião Pública
12.
Health Info Libr J ; 35(4): 341-345, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30499171

RESUMO

Higher education institutions (HEIs) have a growing interest in establishing International joint degree programmes in developing countries. A Master's degree in global health care is an international joint degree programme run by two Finnish Universities of Applied Sciences and one Kenyan University. To provide students and staff members who live in Finland with an authentic experience of the circumstances in the developing countries, part of the programme involves delivering a two-week intensive course in Kenya. Health library services and information literacy training have a significant presence during this intensive course. In this paper, guest writer Marketta Fredriksson describes and reflects on the involvement of the health care library team in the development and implementation of this degree and delivery of the intensive course in Kenya.H.S.


Assuntos
Saúde Global/educação , Gestão da Informação em Saúde/educação , Competência em Informação , Internacionalidade , Finlândia , Gestão da Informação em Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Intercâmbio Educacional Internacional , Quênia , Biblioteconomia/métodos , Biblioteconomia/tendências
13.
J Addict Nurs ; 29(4): 235-243, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30507819

RESUMO

Effective health education programs for adolescent substance use prevention need to be developed. However, the evidence supporting the use of specific instructional strategies for youth substance use prevention programs is insufficient. The purpose of this study was to develop and implement a community-based program aiming for smoking, alcohol, and substance use prevention based on multiple disciplinary literacy strategies. A one-group pretest-and-posttest comparison design was used to test the feasibility of the new substance use prevention program. Thirty-two adolescents, most from families with minority and low-socioeconomic status backgrounds, participated. The group met for a 1-hour session once a week for 10 weeks. The program was implemented in a suburban setting in a southeastern state in the United States. Pretests and posttests were administered to assess the program's effectiveness in improving participants' knowledge, skills, and assets regarding substance use. Overall, the participants were satisfied with the program and reported significant growth in their knowledge, skills, assets, and perceptions of benefits. These findings suggest that disciplinary literacy strategies may promote adolescents' perceptions of and knowledge regarding substance use.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Competência em Informação , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Serviços de Saúde do Adolescente , Criança , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/enfermagem
14.
Medimay ; 25(3)dic.2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-72337

RESUMO

Los estudiantes universitarios de Ciencias Médicas no se encuentran suficientemente preparados para la búsqueda de información, así como para la elaboración de trabajos de cursos en las diferentes asignaturas(AU)


Assuntos
Competência em Informação , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Estudantes , Medicina Bucal
16.
Sanid. mil ; 74(4): 255-259, oct.-dic. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182308

RESUMO

Antecedentes: En los últimos años, la Sanidad Militar ha ido incorporando diferentes innovaciones tecnológicas para mejorar la calidad y la eficiencia asistencial y resolver las necesidades sanitarias, tanto de los centros de la Red Hospitalaria Militar como de las Unidades Sanitarias desplazadas. El enfermero militar ha tenido que adaptar su forma de trabajar a las características de los nuevos sistemas, por lo que debe desarrollar nuevos conocimientos y competencias, con la formación tecnológica adecuada y los recursos y dispositivos necesarios y más actualizados. Objetivos: Hacer un sondeo sobre la formación tecnológica de los enfermeros militares y los medios de los que disponen y descubrir los problemas que se encuentran. Metodología: Encuesta a 33 enfermeros destinados en diversas unidades de las Fuerzas Armadas sobre los medios tecnológicos de los que disponen y la formación recibida. Resultados: Existen equipos y sistemas obsoletos y deficiencias en la formación de los enfermeros


Antecedens: In recent years, the Military Health has been incorporating different technological innovations to improve the quality and efficiency of care and to solve the health needs of both the centers of the Military Hospital Network and the displaced Health Units. The military nurse has had to adapt his way of working to the characteristics of the new systems, so he must develop new knowledge and skills, with the appropriate technological training and the necessary and most updated resources and devices. Objectives: To carry out a survey on the technological training of the military nurses and the means at their disposal and to discover the problems that are found. Methodology: Survey of 33 nurses assigned to various units of the Armed Forces about the technological means available to them and the training received. Results: There are obsolete equipment and systems and deficiencies in the training of nurses


Assuntos
Humanos , Enfermagem Militar/educação , Competência em Informação , Alfabetização Digital , Informática em Enfermagem/educação , Enfermagem Militar/organização & administração , Enfermagem Militar/estatística & dados numéricos , Informática em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Informática em Enfermagem/normas , Tecnologia Educacional/educação
17.
Rev. Fund. Educ. Méd. (Ed. impr.) ; 21(6): 275-285, nov.-dic. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182328

RESUMO

Objetivo: Presentar iniciativas de fomento de la investigación científica realizadas en el primer curso del Grado en Medicina. Sujetos y métodos: Participaron 150 estudiantes de primer curso que recibieron lecciones teóricas (12 horas, en grupos de 75) y cuatro sesiones (6 horas y 45 minutos) de seminarios sobre descubrimientos científicos, análisis de publicaciones y diseño experimental, en grupos de 4-5. Las tareas de los seminarios estuvieron disponibles con 7-15 días de antelación y, sobre ellas, debían elaborar una presentación para las sesiones y un documento escrito. Ambas actividades fueron objeto de calificación. La evaluación de la satisfacción de los estudiantes se realizó mediante una encuesta. Resultados: Las tareas relacionadas con descubrimientos científicos se refirieron a aspectos relevantes de la fisiología, la patología, la terapéutica y los desarrollos tecnológicos aplicados a la medicina. También, han analizado y discutido publicaciones científicas y han elaborado propuestas de diseños de investigación a partir de textos breves facilitados por el profesor. Las calificaciones globales obtenidas, sobre cuatro puntos, han sido: 3,71 ± 0,07 y 3,9 ± 0,3 en las tareas sobre descubrimientos y comentarios de artículos científicos, respectivamente, y 3,6 ± 0,2 en el diseño experimental. El 84% de los matriculados cumplimentaron la encuesta que reflejó una opinión favorable (sobre cinco puntos) de los contenidos teóricos (4,01 ± 0,07), seminarios sobre descubrimientos (3,97 ± 0,1) y diseño experimental (3,87 ± 0,1). Conclusiones: Los estudiantes tienen una opinión favorable de las actividades realizadas y consideran que pueden contribuir a la formación de los médicos en investigación


Aim: To present initiatives for the promotion of scientific research in the Degree of Medicine. Subjects and methods: The participants included 150 first-year students who received theoretical lessons (12 hours, in groups of 75) and, in groups of 4-5, four sessions (6 hours and 45 minutes) of seminars on scientific discoveries, publication analysis and experimental design. The topics of seminars were available 7-15 days in advance on which students had to prepare a presentation, and a written document. Both activities were scored. The evaluation of student satisfaction was carried out through a survey. Results: The tasks were related to scientific discoveries and referred to relevant aspects of physiology, pathology, therapeutics and technological developments applied to medicine. Students also analyzed and discussed scientific publications and prepared research design proposals based on short texts provided by the lecturer. The marks obtained, out of four points, were 3.71 ± 0.07 and 3.9 ± 0.3 on the tasks of discoveries and comments of scientific articles, respectively, and 3.6 ± 0.2 in the experimental design. 84% of those enrolled completed the survey that indicated a favorable opinion (out of five points) on the theoretical contents (4.01 ± 0.07) and seminars on discoveries (3.97 ± 0.1) and experimental design (3.87 ± 0.1). Conclusions: The students had a favorable opinion on the activities and considered that they could contribute to the training of research doctors


Assuntos
Humanos , Pesquisa/instrumentação , Educação Pré-Médica/organização & administração , Educação Pré-Médica/métodos , Competência em Informação , Estudantes Pré-Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise de Variância , Satisfação Pessoal
18.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2018: 9745639, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30425734

RESUMO

Information literacy assessment is extremely important for the evaluation of the information literacy skills of college students. Intelligent optimization technique is an effective strategy to optimize the weight parameters of the information literacy assessment index system (ILAIS). In this paper, a new version of differential evolution algorithm (DE), named hybrid differential evolution with model-based reinitialization (HDEMR), is proposed to accurately fit the weight parameters of ILAIS. The main contributions of this paper are as follows: firstly, an improved contraction criterion which is based on the population entropy in objective space and the maximum distance in decision space is employed to decide when the local search starts. Secondly, a modified model-based population reinitialization strategy is designed to enhance the global search ability of HDEMR to handle complex problems. Two types of experiments are designed to assess the performance of HDEMR. In the first type of experiments, HDEMR is tested and compared with seven well-known DE variants on CEC2005 and CEC2014 benchmark functions. In the second type of experiments, HDEMR is compared with the well-known and widely used deterministic algorithm DIRECT on GKLS test classes. The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of HDEMR for global numerical optimization and show better performance. Furthermore, HDEMR is applied to optimize the weight parameters of ILAIS at China University of Geosciences (CUG), and satisfactory results are obtained.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Competência em Informação , Humanos , Estudantes , Universidades
19.
Health Info Libr J ; 35(4): 336-340, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30387540

RESUMO

This article is part of a new series in this regular feature. The series intend to serve as a road map by sharing expertise and drawing together trends that are relevant to both health science librarians and health informatics professionals. The present article is a collaboration of six medical and health sciences libraries in Belgium and the Flemish library and archive association (VVBAD, n.d., https://www.vvbad.be/). It aims to elucidate the extended, user-tailored approach provided by medical and health sciences libraries in Belgium motivated by the recent changes in user expectations and behaviour.


Assuntos
Biblioteconomia/tendências , Bélgica , Humanos , Competência em Informação , Universidades/organização & administração , Universidades/tendências
20.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 106(4): 464-470, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30271287

RESUMO

Objectives: The authors investigated the impact of an interprofessional, freshman-level, information literacy course on nursing, pharmacy, and allied health professions students by examining whether students successfully met learning objectives in the course related to interprofessional attitudes, identification of research study types, and ability to relate evidence-based practice questions to their disciplines. Methods: Student posters (n=20) completed in a team project were evaluated to determine whether students were able to accurately identify the type of evidence, population, intervention, and primary outcome of studies (n=192). Additionally, posters (n=78) were evaluated to assess whether students could identify a relevant foreground question and link it to their disciplines. Students also completed the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) before (n=413) and after (n=352) the course to determine whether their attitudes toward interprofessional learning changed. Results: Students performed well on learning outcomes in the course, with most teams identifying relevant evidence-based practice questions (83.8%) and effectively connecting questions with their disciplines (65.4%). Students correctly identified the type of evidence, population, intervention, and primary outcome for 70.0%, 81.8%, 76.0%, and 74.0% of cited studies, respectively. Student attitudes after the course did not significantly change. Conclusion: Interprofessional information literacy education can generate positive learning experiences for freshman health care professions students to increase their beginning-level understanding of research in the health care professions and to prepare them for participation in future interprofessional courses and health care teams.


Assuntos
Educação Baseada em Competências/métodos , Competência em Informação , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos , Relações Interprofissionais , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Cooperativo , Currículo , Humanos , Competência Profissional
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA