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1.
Mol Cell ; 81(1): 153-165.e7, 2021 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333016

RESUMO

Cellular processes are largely carried out by macromolecular assemblies, most of which are dynamic, having components that are in constant flux. One such assembly is the nuclear pore complex (NPC), an ∼50 MDa assembly comprised of ∼30 different proteins called Nups that mediates selective macromolecular transport between the nucleus and cytoplasm. We developed a proteomics method to provide a comprehensive picture of the yeast NPC component dynamics. We discovered that, although all Nups display uniformly slow turnover, their exchange rates vary considerably. Surprisingly, this exchange rate was relatively unrelated to each Nup's position, accessibility, or role in transport but correlated with its structural role; scaffold-forming Nups exchange slowly, whereas flexible connector Nups threading throughout the NPC architecture exchange more rapidly. Targeted perturbations in the NPC structure revealed a dynamic resilience to damage. Our approach opens a new window into macromolecular assembly dynamics.


Assuntos
Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo , Poro Nuclear/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Schizosaccharomyces pombe/metabolismo , Schizosaccharomyces/metabolismo , Poro Nuclear/genética , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Schizosaccharomyces/genética , Proteínas de Schizosaccharomyces pombe/genética
2.
Development ; 147(23)2020 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323374

RESUMO

Nuclear pore complexes are multiprotein channels that span the nuclear envelope, which connects the nucleus to the cytoplasm. In addition to their main role in the regulation of nucleocytoplasmic molecule exchange, it has become evident that nuclear pore complexes and their components also have multiple transport-independent functions. In recent years, an increasing number of studies have reported the involvement of nuclear pore complex components in embryogenesis, cell differentiation and tissue-specific processes. Here, we review the findings that highlight the dynamic nature of nuclear pore complexes and their roles in many cell type-specific functions during development and tissue homeostasis.


Assuntos
Núcleo Celular/genética , Homeostase/genética , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Poro Nuclear/genética , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Citoplasma/genética , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/genética , Humanos , Membrana Nuclear/genética , Especificidade de Órgãos/genética
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(50): e23569, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327316

RESUMO

The SET nuclear proto-oncogene (SET)-nucleoporin (NUP) 214 fusion gene (SET-NUP214) is a rare leukemia fusion gene. Due to the limited number of samples with SET-NUP214 fusion gene in previous studies, the significance of SET-NUP214 for measurable residual disease (MRD) monitoring in patients with acute leukemia (AL) is still unclear. Our study aimed to observe the dynamic changes in SET-NUP214 expression before and after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and analyzed whether SET-NUP214 could be used to evaluate MRD status. Our study included 24 AL patients who were newly diagnosed with SET-NUP214 fusion gene and they all received allo-HSCT. Their MRD was evaluated by monitoring SET-NUP214 fusion gene and leukemia-associated immunophenotype (LAIP). The median follow-up time was 501 days (56-2208 days). Of the enrolled patients, 6 (25%) patients died, including 3 (12.5%) patients died of leukemia relapse. Total 5 (20.8%) patients experienced hematological relapse at a median of 225 days (56-1057 days) post-transplantation. The SET-NUP214 median expression level at diagnosis was 405.1% (14.6%-1482.4%). SET-NUP214 gene expression generally became positive prior to flow cytometry results. In addition, the Kaplan-Meier survival curves analysis showed that those who had SET-NUP214 positive (SET-NUP214+) post-transplantation had a higher 2-year cumulative incidence of leukemia relapse (CIR) of 43.7 ±â€Š18.8% (P < .05). However, there was no significant difference between SET-NUP214 positive and SET-NUP214 negative patients with regard to their 2-year overall survival (OS) (82.5 ±â€Š11.3 vs 64.6 ±â€Š17.5%, respectively, P = .271). ROC curve analysis turned out that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.916 (95% CI: 0.784-1.0; P = .005). In conclusion, SET-NUP214 fusion gene determined by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) could be used to evaluate MRD status after allo-HSCT. Patients with positive SET-NUP214 expression after transplantation will have a poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Chaperonas de Histonas/genética , Leucemia/genética , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia/diagnóstico , Leucemia/mortalidade , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22488, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019444

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Some acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients present with features mimicking the classical hypergranular subtype of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) but without the typical promyelocytic leukemia/retinoic acid receptor α (PML/RARα) rearrangement. Herein, we report an AML patient resembling APL but with nucleoporin 98/retinoid acid receptor gamma gene (NUP98/RARG) fusion transcript and Runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) mutation. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 18-year-old male presented at the hospital with a diagnosis of AML. DIAGNOSES: The patient was diagnosed with bone marrow examination. Bone marrow smear displayed 90.5% promyelocytes. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis failed to detect the PML/RARα fusion transcript or RARα amplification. While real-time polymerase chain reaction showed positivity for the NUP98/RARG fusion transcript. G-banding karyotype analysis showed a normal karyotype. INTERVENTIONS: The patient showed resistance to arsenic trioxide and standard 3 + 7 chemotherapy, but eventually achieved complete remission through the Homoharringtonine, Cytarabine, and Aclarubicin chemotherapy. OUTCOMES: These measures resulted in a rapid response and disease control. LESSONS: Acute myeloid leukemia with the NUP98/RARG fusion gene and the RUNX1 mutation may be a special subtype of AML and may benefit from the alkaloid-based regimen.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Adolescente , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/diagnóstico , Masculino , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Receptores do Ácido Retinoico/genética
5.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3339, 2020 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620764

RESUMO

Chromosomal NUP98-PHF23 translocation is associated with an aggressive form of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and poor survival rate. Here, we report the molecular mechanisms by which NUP98-PHF23 recognizes the histone mark H3K4me3 and is inhibited by small molecule compounds, including disulfiram that directly targets the PHD finger of PHF23 (PHF23PHD). Our data support a critical role for the PHD fingers of NUP98-PHF23, and related NUP98-KDM5A and NUP98-BPTF fusions in driving leukemogenesis, and demonstrate that blocking this interaction in NUP98-PHF23 expressing AML cells leads to cell death through necrotic and late apoptosis pathways. An overlap of NUP98-KDM5A oncoprotein binding sites and H3K4me3-positive loci at the Hoxa/b gene clusters and Meis1 in ChIP-seq, together with NMR analysis of the H3K4me3-binding sites of the PHD fingers from PHF23, KDM5A and BPTF, suggests a common PHD finger-dependent mechanism that promotes leukemogenesis by this type of NUP98 fusions. Our findings highlight the direct correlation between the abilities of NUP98-PHD finger fusion chimeras to associate with H3K4me3-enriched chromatin and leukemic transformation.


Assuntos
Cromatina/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/metabolismo , Doença Aguda , Antígenos Nucleares/genética , Antígenos Nucleares/metabolismo , Cromatina/genética , Dissulfiram/farmacologia , Histonas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Dedos de Zinco PHD/genética , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 2 de Ligação ao Retinoblastoma/genética , Proteína 2 de Ligação ao Retinoblastoma/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Translocação Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Translocação Genética/genética
6.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3343, 2020 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620905

RESUMO

The expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) tract form of ataxin-1 drives disease progression in spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1). Although known to form distinctive intranuclear bodies, the cellular pathways and processes that polyQ-ataxin-1 influences remain poorly understood. Here we identify the direct and proximal partners constituting the interactome of ataxin-1[85Q] in Neuro-2a cells, pathways analyses indicating a significant enrichment of essential nuclear transporters, pointing to disruptions in nuclear transport processes in the presence of elevated levels of ataxin-1. Our direct assessments of nuclear transporters and their cargoes confirm these observations, revealing disrupted trafficking often with relocalisation of transporters and/or cargoes to ataxin-1[85Q] nuclear bodies. Analogous changes in importin-ß1, nucleoporin 98 and nucleoporin 62 nuclear rim staining are observed in Purkinje cells of ATXN1[82Q] mice. The results highlight a disruption of multiple essential nuclear protein trafficking pathways by polyQ-ataxin-1, a key contribution to furthering understanding of pathogenic mechanisms initiated by polyQ tract proteins.


Assuntos
Ataxina-1/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte Nucleocitoplasmático/metabolismo , Células de Purkinje/metabolismo , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular/genética , Animais , Ataxina-1/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos , Mutação , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte Nucleocitoplasmático/genética , Peptídeos/genética , Ligação Proteica , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/genética , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/metabolismo , Expansão das Repetições de Trinucleotídeos/genética
7.
Neuron ; 107(6): 1124-1140.e11, 2020 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673563

RESUMO

Through mechanisms that remain poorly defined, defects in nucleocytoplasmic transport and accumulations of specific nuclear-pore-complex-associated proteins have been reported in multiple neurodegenerative diseases, including C9orf72 Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia (ALS/FTD). Using super-resolution structured illumination microscopy, we have explored the mechanism by which nucleoporins are altered in nuclei isolated from C9orf72 induced pluripotent stem-cell-derived neurons (iPSNs). Of the 23 nucleoporins evaluated, we observed a reduction in a subset of 8, including key components of the nuclear pore complex scaffold and the transmembrane nucleoporin POM121. Reduction in POM121 appears to initiate a decrease in the expression of seven additional nucleoporins, ultimately affecting the localization of Ran GTPase and subsequent cellular toxicity in C9orf72 iPSNs. Collectively, our data suggest that the expression of expanded C9orf72 ALS/FTD repeat RNA alone affects nuclear POM121 expression in the initiation of a pathological cascade affecting nucleoporin levels within neuronal nuclei and ultimately downstream neuronal survival.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/metabolismo , Proteína C9orf72/genética , Demência Frontotemporal/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Proteína C9orf72/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Demência Frontotemporal/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/citologia , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Poro Nuclear/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo
8.
Neuron ; 106(6): 899-911, 2020 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553207

RESUMO

In recent years, the nuclear pore complex (NPC) has emerged as a key player in genome regulation and cellular homeostasis. New discoveries have revealed that the NPC has multiple cellular functions besides mediating the molecular exchange between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. In this review, we discuss non-transport aspects of the NPC focusing on the NPC-genome interaction, the extreme longevity of the NPC proteins, and NPC dysfunction in age-related diseases. The examples summarized herein demonstrate that the NPC, which first evolved to enable the biochemical communication between the nucleus and the cytoplasm, now doubles as the gatekeeper of cellular identity and aging.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo , Poro Nuclear/metabolismo , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Envelhecimento/genética , Senilidade Prematura/genética , Senilidade Prematura/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Animais , Proteína de Ligação a CREB/metabolismo , Senescência Celular , Genoma , Humanos , Doença de Huntington/genética , Doença de Huntington/metabolismo , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/genética , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Poro Nuclear/genética , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética
9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2606, 2020 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451376

RESUMO

Nucleoporin proteins (Nups) have been proposed to mediate spatial and temporal chromatin organization during gene regulation. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms in mammalian cells are not well understood. Here, we report that Nucleoporin 153 (NUP153) interacts with the chromatin architectural proteins, CTCF and cohesin, and mediates their binding across cis-regulatory elements and TAD boundaries in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. NUP153 depletion results in altered CTCF and cohesin binding and differential gene expression - specifically at the bivalent developmental genes. To investigate the molecular mechanism, we utilize epidermal growth factor (EGF)-inducible immediate early genes (IEGs). We find that NUP153 controls CTCF and cohesin binding at the cis-regulatory elements and POL II pausing during the basal state. Furthermore, efficient IEG transcription relies on NUP153. We propose that NUP153 links the nuclear pore complex (NPC) to chromatin architecture allowing genes that are poised to respond rapidly to developmental cues to be properly modulated.


Assuntos
Fator de Ligação a CCCTC/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Cromatina/metabolismo , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo , Animais , Fator de Ligação a CCCTC/química , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/química , Linhagem Celular , Cromatina/química , Cromatina/genética , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/química , Genes Precoces , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas/metabolismo , Poro Nuclear/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/deficiência , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Ligação Proteica , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas , RNA Polimerase II/metabolismo , Elementos Reguladores de Transcrição
10.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0232036, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343715

RESUMO

The NUP98 and NUP214 nucleoporins (NUPs) are recurrently fused to heterologous proteins in leukemia. The resulting chimeric oncoproteins retain the phenylalanine-glycine (FG) repeat motifs of the NUP moiety that mediate interaction with the nuclear export receptor Crm1. NUP fusion leukemias are characterized by HOXA gene upregulation; however, their molecular pathogenesis remains poorly understood. To investigate the role of Crm1 in mediating the leukemogenic properties of NUP chimeric proteins, we took advantage of the Sequestosome-1 (SQSTM1)-NUP214 fusion. SQSTM1-NUP214 retains only a short C-terminal portion of NUP214 which contains FG motifs that mediate interaction with Crm1. We introduced point mutations targeting these FG motifs and found that the ability of the resulting SQSTM1-NUP214FGmut protein to interact with Crm1 was reduced by more than 50% compared with SQSTM1-NUP214. Mutation of FG motifs affected transforming potential: while SQSTM1-NUP214 impaired myeloid maturation and conferred robust colony formation to transduced hematopoietic progenitors in a serial replating assay, the effect of SQSTM1-NUP214FGmut was considerably diminished. Moreover, SQSTM1-NUP214 caused myeloid leukemia in all transplanted mice, whereas none of the SQSTM1-NUP214FGmut reconstituted mice developed leukemia. These oncogenic effects coincided with the ability of SQSTM1-NUP214 and SQSTM1-NUP214FGmut to upregulate the expression of Hoxa and Meis1 genes in hematopoietic progenitors. Indeed, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that impaired SQSTM1-NUP214 interaction with Crm1 correlated with impaired binding of the fusion protein to Hoxa and Meis1 genes. These findings highlight the importance of Crm1 in mediating the leukemogenic properties of SQSTM1-NUP214, and suggest a conserved role of Crm1 in recruiting oncoproteins to their effector genes.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Carioferinas/metabolismo , Leucemia/metabolismo , Proteína Meis1/genética , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/metabolismo , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/genética , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia/genética , Leucemia/patologia , Camundongos , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Transplante de Neoplasias , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/química , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/química , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Mutação Puntual , Regulação para Cima
12.
Am J Hum Genet ; 106(5): 623-631, 2020 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275884

RESUMO

Nucleoporins (NUPs) are an essential component of the nuclear-pore complex, which regulates nucleocytoplasmic transport of macromolecules. Pathogenic variants in NUP genes have been linked to several inherited human diseases, including a number with progressive neurological degeneration. We present six affected individuals with bi-allelic truncating variants in NUP188 and strikingly similar phenotypes and clinical courses, representing a recognizable genetic syndrome; the individuals are from four unrelated families. Key clinical features include congenital cataracts, hypotonia, prenatal-onset ventriculomegaly, white-matter abnormalities, hypoplastic corpus callosum, congenital heart defects, and central hypoventilation. Characteristic dysmorphic features include small palpebral fissures, a wide nasal bridge and nose, micrognathia, and digital anomalies. All affected individuals died as a result of respiratory failure, and five of them died within the first year of life. Nuclear import of proteins was decreased in affected individuals' fibroblasts, supporting a possible disease mechanism. CRISPR-mediated knockout of NUP188 in Drosophila revealed motor deficits and seizure susceptibility, partially recapitulating the neurological phenotype seen in affected individuals. Removal of NUP188 also resulted in aberrant dendrite tiling, suggesting a potential role of NUP188 in dendritic development. Two of the NUP188 pathogenic variants are enriched in the Ashkenazi Jewish population in gnomAD, a finding we confirmed with a separate targeted population screen of an international sampling of 3,225 healthy Ashkenazi Jewish individuals. Taken together, our results implicate bi-allelic loss-of-function NUP188 variants in a recessive syndrome characterized by a distinct neurologic, ophthalmologic, and facial phenotype.


Assuntos
Alelos , Encéfalo/anormalidades , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Anormalidades do Olho/genética , Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , Mutação com Perda de Função/genética , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Animais , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Pré-Escolar , Dendritos/metabolismo , Dendritos/patologia , Drosophila melanogaster , Anormalidades do Olho/mortalidade , Feminino , Fibroblastos , Genes Recessivos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Judeus/genética , Masculino , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/deficiência , Convulsões/metabolismo , Síndrome , beta Carioferinas/metabolismo
13.
Cancer Genet ; 243: 48-51, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32272434

RESUMO

Traditional cytogenetic testing methodologies, including conventional chromosome analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), are invaluable for the detection or recurrent genetic abnormalities in various hematologic malignancies. However, technological advances, including a novel next-generation sequencing technique termed mate-pair sequencing (MPseq), continue to revolutionize the field of cytogenetics by enabling the characterization of structural variants at a significantly higher resolution compared to traditional methodologies. To illustrate the power of MPseq, we present a 27-year-old male diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia in myeloid blast crisis with multiple chromosomal abnormalities observed in all 20 metaphases from a peripheral blood specimen, including t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) and t(4;11)(q12;p15). Suspicious of a novel NUP98/PDGFRA fusion [t(4;11)(q12;p15)], break-apart FISH probe sets for the PDGFRA (4q12) and NUP98 (11p15.4) gene regions were performed and were both positive in approximately 86% of 200 interphase nuclei. However, subsequent MPseq testing revealed breakpoints located within the NUP98 gene and within an intergenic region (4q12) located between the CHIC2 and PDGFRA genes, indicating this 4;11 translocation does not result in the predicted NUP98/PDGFRA gene fusion as inferred from FISH and conventional chromosome results. This case demonstrates the clinical utility of MPseq, particularly for characterizing novel gene fusion events which may ultimately identify a false-positive FISH result.


Assuntos
Crise Blástica/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Crise Blástica/diagnóstico , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 11/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 22/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 4/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 9/genética , Análise Citogenética , Progressão da Doença , Reações Falso-Positivas , Humanos , Masculino , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Receptor alfa de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/genética
14.
J Plant Res ; 133(4): 449-455, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170459

RESUMO

Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are large multi-protein complexes that control bidirectional trafficking of macromolecules between the nucleus and cytoplasm. This trafficking is highly regulated and participates in a considerably broader range of cellular activities, including defense responses against pathogens in plants. Recently, NPC is emerging as a platform to physically associate the underlying chromatin with the nuclear periphery, thus regulating chromatin structure and gene expression. For instance, NPC components have been shown to promote the formation of specific genomics loops, which is linked to transcriptional memory for rapid reactivation of genes. With newly developed techniques and tools, our insight in this area has been substantially advanced. This review summarizes recent works on the molecular function of NPC machinery as hubs for transcriptional regulation and compares systems between plant and non-plant organisms.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Poro Nuclear , Arabidopsis/genética , Núcleo Celular , Citoplasma , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética
16.
J Cell Biol ; 219(3)2020 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32211895

RESUMO

NUP188 encodes a scaffold component of the nuclear pore complex (NPC) and has been implicated as a congenital heart disease gene through an ill-defined function at centrioles. Here, we explore the mechanisms that physically and functionally segregate Nup188 between the pericentriolar material (PCM) and NPCs. Pulse-chase fluorescent labeling indicates that Nup188 populates centrosomes with newly synthesized protein that does not exchange with NPCs even after mitotic NPC breakdown. In addition, the steady-state levels of Nup188 are controlled by the sensitivity of the PCM pool, but not the NPC pool, to proteasomal degradation. Proximity-labeling and super-resolution microscopy show that Nup188 is vicinal to the inner core of the interphase centrosome. Consistent with this, we demonstrate direct binding between Nup188 and Cep152. We further show that Nup188 functions in centriole duplication at or upstream of Sas6 loading. Together, our data establish Nup188 as a component of PCM needed to duplicate the centriole with implications for congenital heart disease mechanisms.


Assuntos
Centríolos/metabolismo , Centrossomo/metabolismo , Mitose , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Centríolos/genética , Células HeLa , Humanos , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Ligação Proteica , Proteólise , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Nat Cell Biol ; 22(2): 159-166, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029894

RESUMO

Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are very large proteinaceous assemblies that consist of more than 500 individual proteins1,2. NPCs are essential for nucleocytoplasmic transport of different cellular components, and disruption of the integrity of NPCs has been linked to aging, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases3-7. However, the mechanism by which membrane-embedded NPCs are turned over is currently unknown. Here we show that, after nitrogen starvation or genetic interference with the architecture of NPCs, nucleoporins are rapidly degraded in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We demonstrate that NPC turnover involves vacuolar proteases and the core autophagy machinery. Autophagic degradation is mediated by the cytoplasmically exposed Nup159, which serves as intrinsic cargo receptor and directly binds to the autophagy marker protein Atg8. Autophagic degradation of NPCs is therefore inducible, enabling the removal of individual NPCs from the nuclear envelope.


Assuntos
Família da Proteína 8 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Autofagia/genética , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Complexos Multiproteicos/genética , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Família da Proteína 8 Relacionada à Autofagia/metabolismo , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Glucose/farmacologia , Complexos Multiproteicos/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/farmacologia , Poro Nuclear/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/efeitos dos fármacos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/ultraestrutura , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Sirolimo/farmacologia
18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 609, 2020 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001710

RESUMO

Tumor-associated macrophages affect tumor progression and resistance to immune checkpoint therapy. Here, we identify the chemokine signal regulator FROUNT as a target to control tumor-associated macrophages. The low level FROUNT expression in patients with cancer correlates with better clinical outcomes. Frount-deficiency markedly reduces tumor progression and decreases macrophage tumor-promoting activity. FROUNT is highly expressed in macrophages, and its myeloid-specific deletion impairs tumor growth. Further, the anti-alcoholism drug disulfiram (DSF) acts as a potent inhibitor of FROUNT. DSF interferes with FROUNT-chemokine receptor interactions via direct binding to a specific site of the chemokine receptor-binding domain of FROUNT, leading to inhibition of macrophage responses. DSF monotherapy reduces tumor progression and decreases macrophage tumor-promoting activity, as seen in the case of Frount-deficiency. Moreover, co-treatment with DSF and an immune checkpoint antibody synergistically inhibits tumor growth. Thus, inhibition of FROUNT by DSF represents a promising strategy for macrophage-targeted cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Cadeias Pesadas de Clatrina/metabolismo , Dissulfiram/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunoterapia , Cinética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
19.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 36(2): 28, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32002680

RESUMO

In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, los1 encodes a nuclear tRNA exporter. Despite the non-essentiality, the deletion of los1 has been shown to extend replicative life span in yeast. Here, we characterized AfuXpot, the los1 homologue in human pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus and found that it is continuously expressed during fungal growth. Microscopic examination of an AfuXpot-GFP-expressing transformant confirmed the nuclear localization of the fusion protein. The targeted gene deletion affirmed the non-essential role of AfuXpot in hyphal growth and sporulation. However, the growth of the deletion mutant was affected by amino acid, but not glucose, deprivation. The susceptibility of the deletant strain to protein and DNA/RNA synthesis inhibitors was also altered. Using bioinformatics tools, some transcription factor binding sites were predicted in AfuXpot promoter. Expression analyses of potential AfuXpot-interacting genes showed a marked down-regulation of sfp1 and mtr10 homologues in ΔAfuXpot strain. Our data demonstrates some conserved aspects of AfuXpot as a tRNA exporter in A. fumigatus.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Aspergillus fumigatus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Aspergillus fumigatus/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo , RNA Fúngico/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/deficiência , Aspergillus fumigatus/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Fúngico/isolamento & purificação , Farmacorresistência Fúngica , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Deleção de Genes , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Glucose/metabolismo , Hifas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Fúngico/isolamento & purificação , RNA de Transferência/genética , RNA de Transferência/isolamento & purificação , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética
20.
Life Sci Alliance ; 3(1)2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959624

RESUMO

Nucleoporin 93 (Nup93) expression inversely correlates with the survival of triple-negative breast cancer patients. However, our knowledge of Nup93 function in breast cancer besides its role as structural component of the nuclear pore complex is not understood. Combination of functional assays and genetic analyses suggested that chromatin interaction of Nup93 partially modulates the expression of genes associated with actin cytoskeleton remodeling and epithelial to mesenchymal transition, resulting in impaired invasion of triple-negative, claudin-low breast cancer cells. Nup93 depletion induced stress fiber formation associated with reduced cell migration/proliferation and impaired expression of mesenchymal-like genes. Silencing LIMCH1, a gene responsible for actin cytoskeleton remodeling and up-regulated upon Nup93 depletion, partially restored the invasive phenotype of cancer cells. Loss of Nup93 led to significant defects in tumor establishment/propagation in vivo, whereas patient samples revealed that high Nup93 and low LIMCH1 expression correlate with late tumor stage. Our approach identified Nup93 as contributor of triple-negative, claudin-low breast cancer cell invasion and paves the way to study the role of nuclear envelope proteins during breast cancer tumorigenesis.


Assuntos
Citoesqueleto de Actina/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Citoesqueleto de Actina/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatina/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Poro Nuclear/genética , Poro Nuclear/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
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