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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e23891, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530184

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electroacupuncture is increasingly used in rehabilitation for postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD), but relevant evidence remains unclear for patients receiving total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: The databases research of PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) will be conducted from inception to December 31, 2020. The relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from data will be screened one by one. The remaining studies that meet the inclusion criteria will be extracted and analyzed using RevMan V.5.3 software. Paired 2 reviewers will assess quality of the included studies and publication bias by using the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias tool, and Egger test and Begg test respectively. And grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluation (GRADE) will be used to estimate the quality of evidence. RESULTS: In this study, we will analyze the effect of electroacupuncture on Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), S100-ß protein, and adverse events for patients with TKA. CONCLUSION: Our findings will provide evidence for the effectiveness of electroacupuncture on the treatment and prevention of POCD for TKA patients. REGISTRATION NUMBER: Available at: https://osf.io/azyt9 (DOI number: 10.17605/OSF.IO/AZYT9).


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Eletroacupuntura , Metanálise como Assunto , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Protocolos Clínicos , Humanos , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e23930, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate whether closed-loop systems under bispectral index anesthesia depth monitoring can reduce the intraoperative propofol dosage. METHODS: All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on reducing propofol dosage under closed-loop systems were collected, and the literature was screened out, the abstracts and full texts were carefully read, and the references were tracked, data extraction and quality evaluation were conducted on the included research, and the RevMan5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. The main results were propofol and the incidence of adverse reactions such as hypertensive hypotension and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. A total of 879 cases were included in 8 articles, including 450 occurrences in the closed-loop system group and 429 cases in the open-loop system group. RESULTS: Compared with manual control, closed-loop systems under bispectral index anesthesia depth monitoring reduced the dose of propofol (MD: -0.62, 95% CI: -1.08--0.16, P = .008), with heterogeneity (I2 = 80%). Closed-loop systems significantly reduced the incidence of abnormal blood pressure (MD: -0.02, 95%CI: -0.05-0.01, P = .15, I2 = 74%) and postoperative cognitive dysfunction (MD: -0.08, 95% CI: -0.14 -0.01, P = .02, I2 = 94%). CONCLUSION: Bispectral index monitoring of propofol closed-loop target-controlled infusion system can reduce the amount of propofol, reduce the incidence of adverse reactions such as hypertensive or hypotension and postoperative cognitive dysfunction.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Intravenosos/uso terapêutico , Monitores de Consciência , Propofol/uso terapêutico , Anestesia Intravenosa/métodos , Anestésicos Intravenosos/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Intravenosos/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/induzido quimicamente , Propofol/administração & dosagem , Propofol/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
3.
Orv Hetil ; 162(1): 31-38, 2021 01 03.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388737

RESUMO

Összefoglaló. Bevezetés: Az endoszkópos retrográd cholangiopancreatographiát (ERCP) követo pancreatitis (PEP) incidenciája a magas kockázatú betegcsoportban 14,7%. Célkituzés: A munkacsoportunk által szerzett tapasztalatok elemzése. Módszerek: A profilaktikus pancreassztentes (PPS), magas kockázatú betegek adatait tartalmazó prospektív adatbázisunkat elemeztük retrospektív módon. Az adatokat a PEP-incidencia és a súlyosság tekintetében összehasonlítottuk a korábbi, hasonlóan magas kockázatú, sztent nélküli beteganyagunkkal, illetve a sztenteléssel kapcsolatos szövodményeket és a különbözo sztenttípusokat is elemeztük. A Cotton-kritériumok szerint értékeltük a PEP-t. Eredmények: A 317, magas kockázatú betegbol 288 esetben (90,9%) volt sikeres a PPS-implantáció. A sztent nélküli kontrollcsoportba 121, magas kockázatú beteget választottunk be. A sikeresen sztentelt betegekben a PEP incidenciája 10,0% volt. Ez és a PEP súlyossága (enyhe: 8,3%, középsúlyos: 1,4%, súlyos: 0,3%) is szignifikánsan alacsonyabb volt a PPS nélküli beteganyaghoz (PEP: 31,4%, enyhe: 15,7%, középsúlyos: 10,7%, súlyos: 5,0%) és a sikertelenül sztentelt betegekhez (PEP: 41,3%, enyhe: 24,1%, középsúlyos: 13,8%, súlyos: 3,4%) képest. Az utóbbi két csoport közötti különbség nem volt szignifikáns. A sztenttel kapcsolatos szövodmények közül a leggyakrabban a korai sztentkicsúszást (5/288 beteg, 1,74%) és a proximalis sztentmigrációt (3/288 beteg, 1,04%) észleltük. A sztenttípusok közül a legkedvezobb mellékhatás-profilúnak a Freeman-típusú, belso füllel és külso "pigtail" véggel ellátott sztenteket találtuk. Következtetés: A profilaktikus pancreassztentelés hatékonyan csökkenti a PEP incidenciáját, és a súlyosságát az enyhébb esetek felé tolja el. Alkalmazása viszonylag egyszeru, azonban ismerni kell használatának megfelelo technikáját, idoben történo eltávolításának és a szövodmények felismerésének fontosságát. Eredményeink és a nemzetközi ajánlások alapján magas PEP-rizikójú betegekben a PPS rutinszeru alkalmazása minden ERCP-laborban ajánlott. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(1): 31-38. INTRODUCTION: The most frequent complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). Its incidence in the high-risk patient population is 14.7%. OBJECTIVE: To analyze 10 years experiences of our working group. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed our prospective database of high-risk patients treated with prophylactic pancreatic stents (PPS) including the period between 2009 and 2014. We compared PEP incidence and severity findings with our historical data of pre-PPS period of similarly high-risk patients (no-stent group), furthermore analyzed the complications of PPS insertion and different stent types. PEP was defined and categorized according to the Cotton criteria. RESULTS: In 317 high-risk patients, PPS implantation was successful in 288 cases (90.9%). The no-stent group comprised of 121 patients. Incidence and the severity of PEP in the successfully stented group (all: 10.0%; mild: 8.3%, moderate: 1.4%, severe: 0.3%) were significantly lower compared to the no-stent group (all: 31.4%; mild: 15.7%, moderate: 10.7%, severe: 5.0%) and the unsuccessfully stented group (all: 41.3%; mild: 24.1%, moderate: 13.8%, severe: 3.4%). The difference between the latter two groups was not significant. Only early dislodgment (5/288 patients, 1.74%) and proximal migration (3/288 patients, 1.04%) were observed as stent-related complications. Freeman type (single inner flange, outer pigtail end) stent was the best based on the complication profile. CONCLUSION: Prophylactic pancreatic stenting effectively lowers the incidence and severity of PEP. We should recognize the proper technic of its application and the importance of proper timing of its extraction and identification of complications. Utilization of PPSs in high-risk patients is strongly recommended in every ERCP center. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(1): 31-38.


Assuntos
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/efeitos adversos , Pancreatite/prevenção & controle , Stents , Humanos , Pancreatite/etiologia , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
4.
Br J Anaesth ; 126(2): 423-432, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413977

RESUMO

Delirium and postoperative neurocognitive disorder are the commonest perioperative complications in patients more than 65 yr of age. However, data suggest that we often fail to screen patients for preoperative cognitive impairment, to warn patients and families of risk, and to take preventive measures to reduce the incidence of perioperative neurocognitive disorders. As part of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Perioperative Brain Health Initiative, an international group of experts was invited to review published best practice statements and guidelines. The expert group aimed to achieve consensus on a small number of practical recommendations that could be implemented by anaesthetists and their partners to reduce the incidence of perioperative neurocognitive disorders. Six statements were selected based not only on the strength of the evidence, but also on the potential for impact and the feasibility of widespread implementation. The actions focus on education, cognitive and delirium screening, non-pharmacologic interventions, pain control, and avoidance of antipsychotics. Strategies for effective implementation are discussed. Anaesthetists should be key members of multidisciplinary perioperative care teams to implement these recommendations.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/normas , Anestesistas/normas , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Cognição , Delírio/prevenção & controle , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Assistência Perioperatória/normas , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Antipsicóticos/efeitos adversos , Consenso , Delírio/fisiopatologia , Delírio/psicologia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Humanos , Liderança , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/psicologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(2): e23977, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466139

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is very common in clinical settings, it is necessary to analyze the risk factors for POCD in elderly patients after laparoscopic surgery to provide insights into clinical surgery management.Elderly patients undergone laparoscopy between September 1, 2018 and March 31, 2020 were included. The mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scale was used to evaluate the POCD, and the characteristics and clinical data of patients with and without POCD were collected and compared. Logistic regression was used to analyze the potential influencing factors.A total of 572 patients with laparoscopic surgery were included. The incidence of POCD was 11.89%. There were significant differences in the history of cerebral infarction, preemptive analgesia, preoperative use of dexmedetomidine, general anesthesia combined with continuous epidural block, duration of surgery, low SpO2 during anesthesia induction, PaCO2 after pneumoperitoneum, postoperative PCEA and VAS score at the third day after operation (all P < .05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that history of cerebral infarction (OR3.12, 1.02∼5.13), low SpO2 during anesthesia induction (OR2.03, 1.19∼4.47), Longer duration of surgery (OR1.82, 1.01∼3.16) were risk factors for POCD in elderly patients with laparoscopic surgery, while postoperative PCEA (OR0.43, 0.01∼0.91), General anesthesia combined with continuous epidural block (OR0.59, 0.04∼0.87), preoperative use of dexmedetomidine (OR0.70, 0.08∼0.94) and preemptive analgesia (OR0.75, 0.13-0.90) were the protective factors for POCD in elderly patients with laparoscopic surgery.For the elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery, the health care providers should be fully alert to the POCD based on those relevant factors.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigênio/sangue , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
6.
Anesthesiology ; 134(2): 189-201, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite evidence suggesting detrimental effects of perioperative hyperoxia, hyperoxygenation remains commonplace in cardiac surgery. Hyperoxygenation may increase oxidative damage and neuronal injury leading to potential differences in postoperative neurocognition. Therefore, this study tested the primary hypothesis that intraoperative normoxia, as compared to hyperoxia, reduces postoperative cognitive dysfunction in older patients having cardiac surgery. METHODS: A randomized double-blind trial was conducted in patients aged 65 yr or older having coronary artery bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. A total of 100 patients were randomized to one of two intraoperative oxygen delivery strategies. Normoxic patients (n = 50) received a minimum fraction of inspired oxygen of 0.35 to maintain a Pao2 above 70 mmHg before and after cardiopulmonary bypass and between 100 and 150 mmHg during cardiopulmonary bypass. Hyperoxic patients (n = 50) received a fraction of inspired oxygen of 1.0 throughout surgery, irrespective of Pao2 levels. The primary outcome was neurocognitive function measured on postoperative day 2 using the Telephonic Montreal Cognitive Assessment. Secondary outcomes included neurocognitive function at 1, 3, and 6 months, as well as postoperative delirium, mortality, and durations of mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit stay, and hospital stay. RESULTS: The median age was 71 yr (interquartile range, 68 to 75), and the median baseline neurocognitive score was 17 (16 to 19). The median intraoperative Pao2 was 309 (285 to 352) mmHg in the hyperoxia group and 153 (133 to 168) mmHg in the normoxia group (P < 0.001). The median Telephonic Montreal Cognitive Assessment score on postoperative day 2 was 18 (16 to 20) in the hyperoxia group and 18 (14 to 20) in the normoxia group (P = 0.42). Neurocognitive function at 1, 3, and 6 months, as well as secondary outcomes, were not statistically different between groups. CONCLUSIONS: In this randomized controlled trial, intraoperative normoxia did not reduce postoperative cognitive dysfunction when compared to intraoperative hyperoxia in older patients having cardiac surgery. Although the optimal intraoperative oxygenation strategy remains uncertain, the results indicate that intraoperative hyperoxia does not worsen postoperative cognition after cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tempo
8.
JAMA ; 323(24): 2485-2492, June., 2020. tab., graf.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1123020

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE Corticosteroids are widely used in pediatric cardiac surgery to blunt systemic inflammatory response and to reduce complications; nevertheless, their clinical efficacy is uncertain. OBJECTIVE To determine whether intraoperative administration of dexamethasone is more effective than placebo for reducing major complications and mortality during pediatric cardiac surgery. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS The Intraoperative Dexamethasone in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery was an investigator-initiated, double-blind, multicenter randomized trial that involved 4 centers in China, Brazil, and Russia. A total of 394 infants younger than 12 months, undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were enrolled from December 2015 to October 2018, with follow-up completed in November 2018. INTERVENTIONS The dexamethasone group (n = 194) received 1mg/kg of dexamethasone; the control group (n = 200) received an equivolume of 0.9%sodium chloride intravenously after anesthesia induction. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES The primary end pointwas a composite of death, nonfatalmyocardial infarction, need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, need for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, acute kidney injury, prolonged mechanical ventilation, or neurological complications within 30 days after surgery. There were 17 secondary end points, including the individual components of the primary end point, and duration of mechanical ventilation, inotropic index, intensive care unit stay, readmission to intensive care unit, and length of hospitalization. RESULTS All of the 394 patients randomized (median age, 6 months; 47.2%boys) completed the trial. The primary end point occurred in 74 patients (38.1%) in the dexamethasone group vs 91 patients (45.5%) in the control group (absolute risk reduction, 7.4%; 95%CI, −0.8%to 15.3%; hazard ratio, 0.82; 95%CI, 0.60 to 1.10; P = .20). Of the 17 prespecified secondary end points, none showed a statistically significant difference between groups. Infections occurred in 4 patients (2.0%) in the dexamethasone group vs 3 patients (1.5%) in the control group. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Among infants younger than 12 months undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, intraoperative administration of dexamethasone, compared with placebo, did not significantly reduce major complications and mortality at 30 days. However, the study may have been underpowered to detect a clinically important difference.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Criança , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(45): e23124, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157991

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of combined intravenous-inhalation anesthesia (CIVIA) on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) after laparoscopic radical resection of cervical cancer. METHODS: By using a predefined standardized study protocol, we conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with meta-analysis, searching the following data bases: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. RESULTS: This systematic review evaluated the effect of CIVIA on POCD after laparoscopic radical resection of cervical cancer. CONCLUSION: This systematic review provided up-to-date evidence to evaluate the effect of CIVIA on POCD after laparoscopic radical resection of cervical cancer. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/82FNA.


Assuntos
Anestesia por Inalação , Anestesia Intravenosa , Laparoscopia , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(41): 3218-3223, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167107

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between tissue oxygen saturation during one lung ventilation and postoperative neuro cognitive dysfunction (PND) in elderly patients in thoracic surgery. Methods: One hundred and twenty-eight elderly patients who underwent selective lobectomy from August 2017 to September 2018 in the Forth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were enrolled. The patients were divided into PND group (n=34) and non-PND group (n=94) according to whether PND occurred 3 days after surgery. Tissue oxygenation was monitored at bilateral forebrain, brachioradialis muscle and quadriceps. Cognitive function was assessed by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) at baseline and the third day after the operation. Postoperative cognitive dysfunction was diagnosed if postoperative MoCA decreased at least 2 scores compared with preoperative baseline value. Outcomes included the incidence of PND, the incidence of tissue oxygen desaturation during one lung ventilation, postoperative complications within 30 days and length of postoperative in-hospital stay. Logistic regression was used to screen independent risk factors of PND. Results: The incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction was 26.6% (34/128). The two groups had no significant difference in the incidence of non-neurogenic complications (new occurred arrhythmia, pulmonary infection, pulmonary embolism, acute renal insufficiency, sepsis, deep vein thrombosis, all P>0.05). However, the length of postoperative in-hospital stay of PND group was 7.0 (6.0, 8.5) d, which was longer than that of non-PND group [6.0 (5.0, 8.0) d]. There was significant difference (U=2.394, P=0.017) . There was no correlation between the two groups within the minimum of SmtO(2) in upper limbs (OR=0.988, 95%CI: 0.954-1.024, P=0.519) and the range of desaturation (OR=1.010, 95%CI: 0.979-1.042, P=0.514) , as well as the minimum of SmtO(2) in legs (OR=0.996, 95%CI: 0.961-1.032, P=0.832) and the range of desaturation (OR=0.997, 95%CI: 0.971-1.025, P=0.851) . Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the high ASA grade (OR=2.617, 95%CI: 1.112-6.157, P=0.029) and the minimum of cerebral oxygen saturation during one lung ventilation (OR=0.931, 95%CI: 0.880-0.986, P=0.014) were independent risk factors of PND. There was no statistical correlation between muscle oxygen saturation and PND. Conclusion: Cerebral desaturation during one lung ventilation increased the risk of PND in elderly patients, while the muscle desaturation has no statistical correlation with PND.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos , Ventilação Monopulmonar , Idoso , Cognição , Humanos , Oxigênio , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
12.
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21691, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899001

RESUMO

This retrospective study explored the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine in treating early postoperative cognitive dysfunction (EPPNCD) after video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (VATL) in elderly male patients with lung cancer (LC).This study included a total of 80 elderly male patients with LC who received VATL. All of them were equally assigned to a treatment group and a control group, with 40 patients each group. The primary outcome included cognitive dysfunction, as evaluated by mini-mental state examination scale. The secondary outcomes consisted of incidence of EPPNCD, lung function (as measured by forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, peak expiratory flow, and maximal voluntary ventilation), and adverse events. All outcome data were analyzed before and 3 days after surgery.After surgery, all patients in the treatment group exerted better efficacy in mini-mental state examination scale (P < .01) and incidence of EPPNCD (P = .03), than patients in the control group. However, no significant differences were detected in forced vital capacity (P = .65), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (P = .50), peak expiratory flow (P = .73), and maximal voluntary ventilation (P = .27) between 2 groups. In addition, there is similar safety profile between 2 groups.The findings of this study showed that dexmedetomidine may benefit EPPNCD after VATL in elderly male patients with LC. Future studies are needed to warrant the present conclusions.


Assuntos
Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/administração & dosagem , Dexmedetomidina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/efeitos adversos , Estudos Controlados Antes e Depois , Dexmedetomidina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21859, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding ketamine to propofol on cognitive functions in patients undergoing sedation for colonoscopy. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blinded, and controlled study, 200 patients were randomly allocated to ketamine/propofol admixture group (Group KP, n = 100), and propofol group (Group P, n = 100). Patients in Group KP received 0.25 mg/kg of ketamine and 0.5 mg/kg of propofol. Patients in Group P received 0.5 mg/kg propofol. Cognitive functions were measured using CogState battery before and after the colonoscopy procedure. Ninety five patients in Group KP and 92 patients in Group P had completed the CogStates tests and were included in the data analysis. RESULTS: Compared with before procedure baseline, the performance on detection and identification tasks were significantly impaired after the procedure in both Group KP (P = .004, P = .001) and Group P patients (P = .005, P < .001). However, one-card learning accuracy and One-back memory was only impaired in Group KP patients (P = .006, P = .040) after the endoscopy but left intact in Group P patients. Group KP patients showed more severe impairment in one-card learning accuracy compared with Group P patients (P = .044). Group KP patients have better 5 minutes MAP (P = .005) and were also less likely to suffer from complications such as respiratory depression (P = .023) and hypotension (P = .015). OAA/S scores, BIS, MAP, complications, recovery times, and endoscopist and patient satisfaction were similar between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Although adding ketamine to propofol for sedation in colonoscopy provided fewer complications such as respiratory depression and hypotension, it also causes more impairment in cognitive functions.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia/métodos , Sedação Profunda/métodos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/farmacologia , Ketamina/farmacologia , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/induzido quimicamente , Propofol/farmacologia , Adulto , Sedação Profunda/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/administração & dosagem , Ketamina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Propofol/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
15.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 20(10): 927-931, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32830911

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the potential risk factors for postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in elderly patients with gastric cancer (GC) after radical gastrectomy. METHODS: In total, 221 elderly patients with GC who were scheduled to undergo selective radical gastrectomy in our hospital were enrolled in this study. To define early POCD, the neuropsychological assessment was carried out 1 day before surgery and 7 days after surgery. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was carried out to evaluate the predicative and cut-off values of risk factors, including neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for early POCD. The univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to investigate risk factors for early POCD. RESULTS: Of the 221 enrolled elderly patients with GC, 42 were identified as early POCD with an incidence of 19.0% (42 of 221). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that NLR was a significant predictor for POCD with a cut-off value of 2.50 and an area under the curve of 0.711 (95% confidence interval: 0.624-0.798, P < 0.001). Preoperative NLR (≥2.50) was the only independent risk factor associated with POCD (odds ratio: 2.44, 95% confidence interval: 1.52-3.68, P = 0.013) by the multivariate logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative NLR level was an independent risk factor for POCD in elderly patients with GC undergoing curative resection. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2020; 20: 927-931.


Assuntos
Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Razão de Chances , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco
16.
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 37(4): 708-713, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840089

RESUMO

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is one of the most common complications after surgery under general anesthesia and usually manifests as newly presented cognitive impairment. However, the mechanism of POCD is still unclear. In addition to neurons, glial cells including microglia, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, represent a large cell population in the nervous system. The bi-directional communication between neurons and glia provides basis for neural circuit function. Recent studies suggest that glial dysfunctions may contribute to the occurrence and progress of POCD. In this paper, we review the relevant work on POCD, which may provide new insights into the mechanism and therapeutic strategy for POCD.


Assuntos
Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias , Anestesia Geral , Humanos , Microglia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
17.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(9): 577-582, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Decision-making regarding the operability of thoracic aortic disease in nonagenarian patients remains controversial because outcomes of open surgical repair of the thoracic aorta are unclear. We investigated the surgical and nonsurgical outcomes of acute thoracic aortic syndrome treatment in nonagenarians. METHODS: After evaluating data in our institute from April 2016 to March 2020, we included 10 nonagenarians who needed surgical intervention on the thoracic aorta via a median sternotomy for acute thoracic aortic syndrome. The mean age of the cohort was 91.9 ± 2.1 years. Five patients underwent open surgical repair of the thoracic aorta (surgical group), and 5 refused surgery (nonsurgical group). All patients in the surgical group performed activities of daily living independently, with a mean clinical frailty scale of 3.2 ± 0.4. The surgical group included 4 patients with type A aortic dissection and one with a ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm. Hemiarch replacement was performed in 3 patients and total arch replacement in 2. The mean follow-up period was 17.8 ± 5.1 months. RESULTS: Hospital mortality rates were 0% in the surgical and 80% in the nonsurgical group. The mean length of hospitalization was 28.4 ± 6.7 days in the surgical group. The 1-year survival rates were 100% in the surgical group and 20% in the nonsurgical group. CONCLUSION: Open surgical repair for acute thoracic aortic syndrome via median sternotomy is a reasonable treatment option even in nonagenarians. Involvement of family members is important for decision-making to devise the optimal treatment strategy (surgical vs. medical).


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Esternotomia , Fatores Etários , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Seleção de Pacientes , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Esternotomia/efeitos adversos , Esternotomia/mortalidade , Síndrome , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Surgery ; 168(3): 411-418, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The development of laparoscopic liver resection has led to the hypothesis that intraoperative blood loss may be a key indicator of surgical care quality. This study assessed short- and long-term results of patients according to three levels of intraoperative blood loss during laparoscopic liver resection for colorectal liver metastasis. METHODS: All patients who underwent laparoscopic liver resection for colorectal liver metastasis between 2000 and 2018 were included. Difficulty of laparoscopic liver resection was defined according to the Institut Mutualiste Montsouris classification. Three levels of the extent of intraoperative blood loss were defined: massive (≥1,000 mL), substantial (≥75th percentile of intraoperative blood loss within each grade of difficulty), and normal intraoperative blood loss. RESULTS: During study period, 317 patients underwent laparoscopic liver resection for colorectal liver metastasis. Among them, 213 (67.2%), 80 (25.2%), and 24 (7.6%) patients had normal, substantial, and massive intraoperative blood loss, respectively. Twenty-six patients (8.2%) required transfusion. Massive intraoperative blood loss came from a major hepatic vein in 54% of cases and were managed by laparoscopy in 83% of the cases. Laparoscopic liver resection difficulty grade (odds ratio = 3.15; P = .053) and number of colorectal liver metastasis (odds ratio = 1.24; P = .020) were independently associated with massive intraoperative blood loss. Risks factors for substantial intraoperative blood loss were bi-lobar colorectal liver metastasis (odds ratio = 3.12; P = .033) and sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (odds ratio = 3.27; P = .004). The level of intraoperative blood loss was not associated with severe complications nor overall and disease-free survival. Requirement of transfusion was associated with severe complications (odds ratio = 7.27; P = .002) and decreased 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (87%, 68%, and 61% vs 95%, 88%, and 79%; P = .042). CONCLUSION: The extent of intraoperative blood loss did not affect short- and long-term results of laparoscopic liver resection for colorectal liver metastasis. Massive intraoperative blood loss was often incidental and, 83% of the time, manageable by laparoscopy. Rather than intraoperative blood loss, transfusion is a better relevant indicator of laparoscopic liver resection surgical quality.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemostasia Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Hepatectomia/métodos , Hepatectomia/normas , Hepatectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Laparoscopia/métodos , Laparoscopia/normas , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
JAMA ; 323(24): 2485-2492, 2020 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573670

RESUMO

Importance: Corticosteroids are widely used in pediatric cardiac surgery to blunt systemic inflammatory response and to reduce complications; nevertheless, their clinical efficacy is uncertain. Objective: To determine whether intraoperative administration of dexamethasone is more effective than placebo for reducing major complications and mortality during pediatric cardiac surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Intraoperative Dexamethasone in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery was an investigator-initiated, double-blind, multicenter randomized trial that involved 4 centers in China, Brazil, and Russia. A total of 394 infants younger than 12 months, undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were enrolled from December 2015 to October 2018, with follow-up completed in November 2018. Interventions: The dexamethasone group (n = 194) received 1 mg/kg of dexamethasone; the control group (n = 200) received an equivolume of 0.9% sodium chloride intravenously after anesthesia induction. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was a composite of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, need for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, acute kidney injury, prolonged mechanical ventilation, or neurological complications within 30 days after surgery. There were 17 secondary end points, including the individual components of the primary end point, and duration of mechanical ventilation, inotropic index, intensive care unit stay, readmission to intensive care unit, and length of hospitalization. Results: All of the 394 patients randomized (median age, 6 months; 47.2% boys) completed the trial. The primary end point occurred in 74 patients (38.1%) in the dexamethasone group vs 91 patients (45.5%) in the control group (absolute risk reduction, 7.4%; 95% CI, -0.8% to 15.3%; hazard ratio, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.60 to 1.10; P = .20). Of the 17 prespecified secondary end points, none showed a statistically significant difference between groups. Infections occurred in 4 patients (2.0%) in the dexamethasone group vs 3 patients (1.5%) in the control group. Conclusions and Relevance: Among infants younger than 12 months undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, intraoperative administration of dexamethasone, compared with placebo, did not significantly reduce major complications and mortality at 30 days. However, the study may have been underpowered to detect a clinically important difference. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02615262.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade
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