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1.
Arch Esp Urol ; 74(5): 503-510, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34080570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The goal of current study was to evaluate prevalence of postoperative urinary tract infections (UTI) following flexible ureteroscopy (f-URS) and to determine predictive factors for those UTIs. METHODS: A total of 420 patients with urolithiasis that underwent f-URS between August 2018 and August 2019 were enrolled in the study. Peri-operative characteristics of patients with and without postoperative UTIs were compared using univariate analyses. Predictive factors for UTIs following f-URS were determined using multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Forty-one (9.8%) out of 420 patients had postoperative urinary infection after f-URS and those patients were classified as group 1. Group 2 consisted of 379 patients that did not develop postoperative UTIs. The percentage of female gender was 58.5% vs 42% in groups 1 and 2, respectively (p=0.042). The preoperative UTI history rate was 51.2% vs 20.8% (p<0.001) and preoperative double J stent (DJS) insertion rate 39% vs 17.7% in groups 1 and 2, respectively (p=0.001). Univariate regression analyses showed that the female gender (OR=1.98), history of UTI (OR=3.99), and preoperative DJS insertion (OR=2.98) significantly increased the possibility of postoperative UTI (p<0.05). Multivariate regression analyses revealed that history of UTI (OR=3.41, 95%CI:1.73-6.72, p<0.001) and preoperative DJS insertion (OR=2.30, 95%CI:1.13-4.68, p=0.021) were independent risk factors for infectious complications following f-URS. If both factors are present, the probability of infection is 55.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Even if f-URS is considered a safe procedure, the risk of postoperative infectious complications is far from negligible. We found that the presence of UTI history and preoperative DJS were independent risk factors for UTI after f-URS.


Assuntos
Litotripsia , Infecções Urinárias , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Ureteroscópios , Ureteroscopia/efeitos adversos , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/etiologia
2.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(6): 440-446, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098693

RESUMO

Objective: To report the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive vitrectomy for the treatment of severe proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and the effect of preoperative retinal photocoagulation on prognosis. Methods: Case-series study and cohort study. This study included 48 severe PDR patients (53 eyes). There are 28 males and 20 females. The average age was 53.5 (range, 40.0 to 59.0) years old. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether preoperative retinal photocoagulation was performed. Under the guidance of the concept of minimally invasive vitrectomy, all patients received intravitreal injection of conbercept 3 days before standard pars plana vitrectomy with a 27G+ vitrectomy system. To relieve traction, the proliferative fibrovascular membrane was divided into islands as small as possible. It was not necessary to pursue a complete removal of the proliferative membrane. The 27G+ vitrector was flexibly applied as a multifunctional tool for membrane removal by reducing frequencies at which the device entered and left the eye. Intraocular retinal photocoagulation was performed in the main area. The primary outcome measures were best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and retinal reattachment rate, and the secondary outcome measures were intraoperative and postoperative complications. Statistical analysis was performed using t test, rank sum test and χ² test. Results: All patients tolerated intravitreal conbercept, with no serious intraoperative or postoperative adverse events. Postoperative BCVA values were improved significantly compared with preoperative values (χ²=125.11, P<0.01). The mean logMAR BCVA improved from 1.90 (1.30, 2.30) preoperatively to 1.00 (0.70, 1.90) at 1 week postoperatively, 0.8 (0.5, 1.3) at 1 month postoperatively, 0.7 (0.40, 1.20) at 3 months postoperatively, and 0.70 (0.40, 1.20) at 6 months postoperatively. The visual function increased progressively with time. Postoperatively, the primary and final reattachment rates were 92.5% (50/53) and 96.2% (51/53), respectively. Abnormal intraocular pressure lasted for more than one week occurred in 2 eyes; Vitreous hemorrhage recurred in 5 eyes; Retinal detachment occurred in 4 eyes (7.5%); No postoperative endophthalmitis, choroidal detachment or incision related retinal hole occurred. The intraoperative and postoperative parameters in the preoperative retinal photocoagulation group were better than the preoperative non-photocoagulation group, but the difference was not significant (P>0.05). Conclusions: Minimally invasive vitrectomy is fully qualified for the management of severe PDR, with maximized benefits. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57:440-446).


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatia Diabética , Descolamento Retiniano , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Retinopatia Diabética/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Descolamento Retiniano/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual , Vitrectomia , Hemorragia Vítrea/cirurgia
3.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 491-496, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102733

RESUMO

Objectives: To study the risk factors for massive intraoperative blood loss in children with biliary atresia who underwent liver transplantation for the first time,and to analyze their impacts on graft survival,hospital stay and postoperative complications. Methods: The data of 613 children with biliary atresia who underwent liver transplantation at Department of Pediatric Organ Transplantation,Tianjin First Central Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018 were collected and analyzed. There were 270 males and 343 females, aged 7.4 (3.9) months (range: 3.2 to 148.4 months), the body weight of the recipients were (7.8±3.5) kg (range: 4.0 to 43.3 kg).According to the 85th quad of estimated blood loss(EBL),they were divided into two groups:massive EBL group(96 cases) and non massive EBL group(517 cases). The age,height,weight and other factors between the two groups were analyzed and compared. Univariate Logistic regression and multiple stepwise regression were used to determine the risk factors of massive EBL. Then,the postoperative complications of the two groups,including portal vein thrombosis and portal vein anastomotic stenosis etc.,were analyzed and compared by chi square test. Kaplan Meier curve and log rank test were used to analyze the recipient and graft survival rate of the two groups. Results: During the study period,713 transplants were performed and 613 patients were enrolled in the study. Ninety-six patients(15.7%) had massive EBL,and the postoperative hospital stay was 21(16) days(range:2 to 116 days),the hospital stay of non-massive EBL group was 22(12)days(range:3 to 138 days)(U=24 224.0,P=0.32). Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the recipient's weight,Kasai portoenterostomy,platelet count,operation time and cold ischemia time were the risk factors of massive EBL during biliary atresia transplantation. Multiple regression analysis showed that cold ischemia time ≥10 hours,prolonged operation time(≥8 hours) and body weight<5.5 kg were important independent risk factors for massive EBL.The incidence of portal vein thrombosis,hepatic vein stenosis,intestinal leakage and pulmonary infection in patients with massive EBL were significantly higher than those without massive EBL(3.1% vs. 0.8%,9.4% vs. 2.1%,6.3% vs. 0.8%,30.2% vs. 20.1%,all P<0.05). The 3-year overall graft and recipient survival rate were significantly lower in patients with massive EBL than those without massive EBL(87.5% vs. 95.7%,P=0.001;84.4% vs. 95.4%,P<0.01,respectively). Conclusions: In children with biliary atresia who underwent liver transplantation for the first time,the effective control of intraoperative bleeding should shorten the operation time and reduce the cold ischemia time as far as possible,on the premise of ensuring the safety of operation. For children without growth disorder,the weight of children should be increased to more than 5.5 kg as far as possible to receive the operation. Reducing intraoperative bleeding is of great significance to the prognosis of children.


Assuntos
Atresia Biliar , Transplante de Fígado , Atresia Biliar/cirurgia , Criança , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
4.
Georgian Med News ; (313): 12-20, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103423

RESUMO

Objective - to study the character of possible postoperative complications and to define the reason and frequency of postoperative hemorrhage as a complication of partial nephrectomy. From January 2008 to December 2019 were performed 175 partial nephrectomy (PN) by a single surgeon in a high volume center. 41 operations were laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN), 134 - open partial nephrectomy (OPN). In 152 cases kidney cancer was detected. Physical status, tumor volume, R.E.N.A.L. score, operative access, warm ischemia time (WIT), postoperative bleeding and its severity and treatment options were assessed in both groups of patients. Based on our study, R.E.N.A.L score may be a good tool in prognosis of a delay postoperative bleeding after nephron sparing surgery and this is statistically significant. On the other hand, single R.E.N.A.L score characteristics can't be reliable predictors of a delay bleeding. It is possible that a lack of cases with a significant postoperative bleeding in current study (6 of 175 cases) have some statistical restrictions. From our point of view, for better prognosis of delay bleeding, aside from hephrometric system it is important to take into account a proximity of a segmental arteries to a resection border, presens of any type of a coagulopathy and a preoperative antithrombotic therapy, obesity. High R.E.N.A.L score index is connected with a risk of significant postoperative bleeding, but this type of bleeding is rare after any nephron sparing surgery. Postoperative selective angioembolization is a method of choice and, in most cases, effective to stop kidney bleeding and nephron preservation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 29: e20200932, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105693

RESUMO

Third molar removal surgery usually comes accompanied by postoperative discomfort, which could be influenced by the surgical approach chosen. This scoping systematic review aimed at compiling the available evidence focused on the influence of flap design, including envelope flap (EF), triangular flap (TF), and modified triangular flap (MTF), on postoperative pain, swelling, and trismus, as primary outcome measures, and any result mentioning healing promotion or delay, as secondary outcome measure, after mandibular third molar extraction surgery. An electronic search, complemented by a manual search, of articles published from 1999 to 2020 was conducted in the Medline (PubMed), EMBASE and Web of Science databases including human randomized controlled trials, prospective, and retrospective studies with at least 15 patients. The risk of bias of the included studies was assessed either with the Cochrane's Risk of Bias tool or with the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Every step of the review was performed independently and in duplicate. The initial electronic search recovered 2102 articles. After applying the inclusion criteria, 12 articles were included. For patient's perceived postoperative pain, TF and MTF frequently reported better results than EF. For swelling, the literature is divided, despite a trend favoring EF. For trismus, data showed that its occurrence is mostly associated with the duration of the surgery rather than with the chosen flap. For healing, the limited data is inconclusive. Finally, randomized studies showed a high risk of bias, whereas nonrandomized studies were mostly of good quality and low risk of bias. Although there was no clear consensus regarding the influence of different flap designs for third mandibular molar extraction on postoperative clinical morbidities; the surgeon's experience, estimated surgical difficulty, molar position and orientation, and surg ery duration should be considered when choosing among the different flap designs.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Trismo , Edema/etiologia , Humanos , Mandíbula , Dente Molar , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Trismo/etiologia
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(22): e25996, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087844

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Kummell's disease is a delayed vertebral collapse fracture caused by posttraumatic osteonecrosis. It is a special type of osteoporotic vertebral fracture in the elderly. This study compares and analyzes the difference in the curative effect of 2 kinds of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) in the presence of fracture or not in the vertebral body, and provides a clinical reference for the application of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP).This research is a kind of retrospective analysis from January 2012 to January 2015, PKP was used to treat 165 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Intravertebral clefts group (group A) and none-intravertebral clefts group in vertebral body (group B). Bone mineral density (BMD), bone cement injection (BCI), Visual analogue scale (VAS) score before and after surgery, anterior, central and posterior height of vertebral body (before and after surgery) and Cobb angle of injured vertebra (before and after surgery) were compared between the 2 groups.Surgeries for 165 patients in the 2 groups were successfully completed, and 226 fractured vertebrae were performed through bilateral puncture approach to strengthen the vertebral body. Intraoperative injection of bone cement (ml) was 4.25 + 1.29 (range: 2.6-7.8). There were statistically significant differences in bone cement injection quantity between the 2 groups (P < .05), and in bone cement leakage (P > .05) as well as the Postoperative VAS score (P < .05). However, There was no statistical difference in VAS score before surgery between the 2 groups (P > .05). The results indicated that the pain relief degree of OVCF patients without intravertebral clefts is better than that in the vertebral body. No statistical difference was found in Cobb Angle before and after surgery (P > .05), as well as the correction rate of the injured vertebrae before and after surgery (P > .05). There was no statistical difference in the degree of recovery of the anterior, middle and posterior margins of the injured vertebrae after surgery (P > .05).PKP treatment led to better degree of pain relief in OVCF patients without intravertebral clefts, and less bone cement was injected into the surgery.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Cifoplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentos Ósseos , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
BMJ ; 373: n1162, 2021 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078591

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of dexamethasone on complications or all cause mortality after major non-cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Phase III, randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. SETTING: 34 centres in France, December 2017 to March 2019. PARTICIPANTS: 1222 adults (>50 years) requiring major non-cardiac surgery with an expected duration of more than 90 minutes. The anticipated time frame for recruitment was 24 months. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomised to receive either dexamethasone (0.2 mg/kg immediately after the surgical procedure, and on day 1) or placebo. Randomisation was stratified on the two prespecified criteria of cancer and thoracic procedure. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: The primary outcome was a composite of postoperative complications or all cause mortality within 14 days after surgery, assessed in the modified intention-to-treat population (at least one treatment administered). RESULTS: Of the 1222 participants who underwent randomisation, 1184 (96.9%) were included in the modified intention-to-treat population. 14 days after surgery, 101 of 595 participants (17.0%) in the dexamethasone group and 117 of 589 (19.9%) in the placebo group had complications or died (adjusted odds ratio 0.81, 95% confidence interval 0.60 to 1.08; P=0.15). In the stratum of participants who underwent non-thoracic surgery (n=1038), the primary outcome occurred in 69 of 520 participants (13.3%) in the dexamethasone group and 93 of 518 (18%) in the placebo group (adjusted odds ratio 0.70, 0.50 to 0.99). Adverse events were reported in 288 of 613 participants (47.0%) in the dexamethasone group and 296 of 609 (48.6%) in the placebo group (P=0.46). CONCLUSIONS: Dexamethasone was not found to significantly reduce the incidence of complications and death in patients 14 days after major non-cardiac surgery. The 95% confidence interval for the main result was, however, wide and suggests the possibility of important clinical effectiveness. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03218553.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , França , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios
9.
BMJ Open ; 11(6): e047491, 2021 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34083345

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The ERAS protocol (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) is a multimodal pathway aimed to reduce surgical stress and to allow a rapid postoperative recovery. Application of the ERAS protocol to colorectal cancer surgery has been limited to a minority of hospitals in Italy. To promote the systematic adoption of ERAS in the entire regional hospital network in Piemonte an Audit and Feedback approach (A&F) has been adopted together with a cluster randomised trial to estimate the true impact of the protocol on a large, unselected population. METHODS: A multicentre stepped wedge cluster randomised trial is designed for comparison between standard perioperative management and the management according to the ERAS protocol. The primary outcome is the length of hospital stay (LOS). Secondary outcomes are: incidence of postoperative complications, time to patients' recovery, control of pain and patients' satisfaction. With an A&F approach the adherence to the ERAS items is monitored through a dedicated area in the study web site. The study includes 28 surgical centres, stratified by activity volume and randomly divided into four groups. Each group is randomly assigned to a different activation period of the ERAS protocol. There are four activation periods, one every 3 months. However, the planned calendar and the total duration of the study have been extended by 6 months due to the COVID-19 pandemic.The expected sample size of about 2200 patients has a high statistical power (98%) to detect a reduction of LOS of 1 day and to estimate clinically meaningful changes in the other endpoints. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study protocol has been approved by the Ethical Committee of the coordinating centre and by all participating centres. Study results will be timely circulated within the hospital network and published in peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04037787.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Neoplasias Colorretais , Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Retroalimentação , Humanos , Itália , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Pandemias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(6): 1088-1095, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058870

RESUMO

AIMS: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is a bone-preserving treatment option for osteoarthritis localized to a single compartment in the knee. The success of the procedure is sensitive to patient selection and alignment errors. Robotic arm-assisted UKA provides technological assistance to intraoperative bony resection accuracy, which is thought to improve ligament balancing. This paper presents the five-year outcomes of a comparison between manual and robotically assisted UKAs. METHODS: The trial design was a prospective, randomized, parallel, single-centre study comparing surgical alignment in patients undergoing UKA for the treatment of medial compartment osteoarthritis (ISRCTN77119437). Participants underwent surgery using either robotic arm-assisted surgery or conventional manual instrumentation. The primary outcome measure (surgical accuracy) has previously been reported, and, along with secondary outcomes, were collected at one-, two-, and five-year timepoints. Analysis of five-year results and longitudinal analysis for all timepoints was performed to compare the two groups. RESULTS: Overall, 104 (80%) patients of the original 130 who received surgery were available at five years (55 robotic, 49 manual). Both procedures reported successful results over all outcomes. At five years, there were no statistical differences between the groups in any of the patient reported or clinical outcomes. There was a lower reintervention rate in the robotic arm-assisted group with 0% requiring further surgery compared with six (9%) of the manual group requiring additional surgical intervention (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study has shown excellent clinical outcomes in both groups with no statistical or clinical differences in the patient-reported outcome measures. The notable difference was the lower reintervention rate at five years for roboticarm-assisted UKA when compared with a manual approach. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(6):1088-1095.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(6): 1009-1020, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058875

RESUMO

AIMS: The aims of this systematic review were to assess the learning curve of semi-active robotic arm-assisted total hip arthroplasty (rTHA), and to compare the accuracy, patient-reported functional outcomes, complications, and survivorship between rTHA and manual total hip arthroplasty (mTHA). METHODS: Searches of PubMed, Medline, and Google Scholar were performed in April 2020 in line with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis statement. Search terms included "robotic", "hip", and "arthroplasty". The criteria for inclusion were published clinical research articles reporting the learning curve for rTHA (robotic arm-assisted only) and those comparing the implantation accuracy, functional outcomes, survivorship, or complications with mTHA. RESULTS: There were 501 articles initially identified from databases and references. Following full text screening, 17 articles that satisfied the inclusion criteria were included. Four studies reported the learning curve of rTHA, 13 studies reported on implant positioning, five on functional outcomes, ten on complications, and four on survivorship. The meta-analysis showed a significantly greater number of cases of acetabular component placement in the safe zone compared with the mTHA group (95% confidence interval (CI) 4.10 to 7.94; p < 0.001) and that rTHA resulted in a significantly better Harris Hip Score compared to mTHA in the short- to mid-term follow-up (95% CI 0.46 to 5.64; p = 0.020). However, there was no difference in infection rates, dislocation rates, overall complication rates, and survival rates at short-term follow-up. CONCLUSION: The learning curve of rTHA was between 12 and 35 cases, which was dependent on the assessment goal, such as operating time, accuracy, and team working. Robotic arm-assisted total hip arthroplasty was associated with improved accuracy of component positioning and functional outcome, however no difference in complication rates or survival were observed at short- to mid-term follow-up. Overall, there remains an absence of high-quality level I evidence and cost analysis comparing rTHA and mTHA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(6):1009-1020.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Duração da Cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Sobrevivência
12.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(6): 1103-1110, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058882

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to determine outcomes of isolated tibial insert exchange (ITIE) during revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: From 1985 to 2016, 270 ITIEs were performed at one institution for instability (55%, n = 148), polyethylene wear (39%, n = 105), insert fracture/dissociation (5%, n = 14), or stiffness (1%, n = 3). Patients with component loosening, implant malposition, infection, and extensor mechanism problems were excluded. RESULTS: Survivorship free of any re-revision was 68% at ten years. For the indication of insert wear, survivorship free of any re-revision at ten years was 74%. Re-revisions were more frequent for index diagnoses other than wear (hazard ratio (HR) 1.9; p = 0.013), with ten-year survivorships of 69% for instability and 37% for insert fracture/dissociation. Following ITIE for wear, the most common reason for re-revision was aseptic loosening (33%, n = 7). For other indications, the most common reason for re-revision was recurrence of the original diagnosis. Mean Knee Society Scores improved from 54 (0 to 94) preoperatively to 77 (38 to 94) at ten years. CONCLUSION: After ITIE, the risk and reasons for re-revision correlated with preoperative indications. The best results were for polyethylene wear. For other diagnoses, the re-revision rate was higher and the failure mode was most commonly recurrence of the original indication for the revision TKA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(6):1103-1110.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Prótese do Joelho , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação , Fatores de Risco
13.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(6): 1155-1159, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058885

RESUMO

AIM: There is insufficient evidence to support bony reconstruction of the pubis after a type III internal hemipelvectomy (resection of all or part of the pubis). In this study, we compared surgical complications, postoperative pain, and functional outcome in a series of patients who had undergone a type III internal hemipelvectomy with or without bony reconstruction. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, 32 patients who had undergone a type III hemipelvectomy with or without allograft reconstruction (n = 15 and n = 17, respectively) were reviewed. The mean follow-up was 6.7 years (SD 3.8) for patients in the reconstruction group and 6.1 years (SD 4.0) for patients in the non-reconstruction group. Functional outcome was evaluated using the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scoring system and the level of postoperative pain with a visual analogue scale (VAS). RESULTS: The mean MSTS score of the patients was significantly better in patients after reconstruction (26 (SD 1.7) vs 22.7 (SD 2.0); p < 0.001). The mean visual analogue scale score for pain was significantly less in the reconstruction group (2.1 (SD 2) vs 4.2 (SD 2.2); p = 0.016). One infection occurred in each group. Bladder herniation occurred in three patients (17.6%) in the non-reconstruction group but none in the reconstruction group. Five patients (29.4%) in the non-reconstruction group and one (7%) in the reconstruction group had a limp. Graft displacement occurred in two patients in the reconstruction group. CONCLUSION: We recommend reconstruction of the bony defect after a type III hemipelvectomy: it gives a better functional result, less postoperative pain, and fewer late surgical complications. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(6):1155-1159.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Hemipelvectomia/métodos , Osso Púbico/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Osso Púbico/diagnóstico por imagem , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(5)2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065868

RESUMO

Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the T-14 outcomes of the BizactTM device for tonsillectomy in a pediatric population. Methods: A case series chart review was undertaken at a public tertiary teaching hospital and private otolaryngology practice, with data collected from pediatric patients who underwent a BizactTM tonsillectomy between July 2016 and October 2019 for any indication, whose parents consented to completing the T-14 questionnaire providing a parental perspective of the child's quality of life. Primary outcomes were T-14 scores recorded preoperatively and 6 weeks post-operatively. Secondary outcome measures were postoperative complications, including hemorrhage and readmission. Results: 146 patients were identified. There was a significant improvement in T-14 scores from a median of 24 (Interquartile range (IQR) 18-33) prior to surgery to 2 (IQR 0-4) at 6 weeks postoperatively (p < 0.001). The post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage rate was 6.1% (9/146 participants). Conclusions: Pediatric BizactTM tonsillectomy is effective in treating common indications for pediatric tonsillectomy, reflected by improved parent-reported health-related quality of life T-14 scores postoperatively.


Assuntos
Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Criança , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tonsilite/cirurgia
15.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(5)2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34064607

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Sarcopenia is a recognized prognostic factor for both complications and survival in cancer patients. This study aims to analyze the relationship between sarcopenia measured by psoas muscle index on computer tomography scans and the presence of postoperative complications in colorectal cancer surgery. Materials and Methods: In a prospective study we recorded data from 51 patients who underwent colorectal cancer surgery in the Mures County Clinical Hospital, Romania. Total psoas muscle area and psoas density were measured at the level of the third lumbal vertebra (L3) for further index calculation. We also evaluated the general characteristics and laboratory analyses to obtain more information about status of the patients. Short-term postoperative complications were scored according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Results: The majority of the 51 patients were male (61%) and the median age was 65 years. More than half of the cancer was located in the rectum (56.9%), a quarter in the right colon (25.5%), the rest in the sigmoid (11.8%), and the left colon (5.9%). Twenty-one patients (41.2%) developed a complication, five (9.8%) of these were Clavien-Dindo grade 3, 4 or 5 (high grade) and sixteen (31.3%) grade 1 or 2 (low grade). The low- and high-grade groups showed a significantly lower right psoas muscle area, left psoas muscle area, total psoas muscle area, and psoas muscle index (p < 0.001 in all cases). Among laboratory analyses, a significantly lower perioperative hematocrit, hemoglobin, and albumin level were found in patients who developed complications. Furthermore we observed that an elevated serum C-reactive protein level was associated with a higher grade of complication (p < 0.043). Conclusions: The psoas muscle index (PMI) influence on the postoperative outcome is an important factor in our single center prospective study and it appears to be a good overall predictor in colorectal surgery. A lower PMI is directly associated with a low or high grade complication by Clavien-Dindo classification. Perioperative inflammatory and nutritional status evidenced by serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and albumin level influences the presence of postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Músculos Psoas , Idoso , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Computadores , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Músculos Psoas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Romênia
16.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(5)2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34067532

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Bariatric surgery remains the gold standard treatment for morbidly obese patients. Roux-en-y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy are the most frequently performed surgeries worldwide. Obesity has also been related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The management of a preoperative diagnosis of GERD, with/without hiatal hernia before bariatric surgery, is mandatory. Endoscopy can show abnormal findings that might influence the final type of surgery. The aim of this article is to discuss and review the evidence related to the endoscopic findings after bariatric surgery. Materials and Methods: A systematic review of the literature has been conducted, including all recent articles related to endoscopic findings after bariatric surgery. Our review of the literature has included 140 articles, of which, after final review, only eight were included. The polled articles included discussion of the endoscopy findings after roux-en-y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Results: We found that the specific care of bariatric patients might include an endoscopic diagnosis when GERD symptoms are present. Conclusions: Recent evidence has shown that endoscopic follow-up after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy could be advisable, due to the pathological findings in endoscopic procedures in asymptomatic patients.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Derivação Gástrica , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/cirurgia , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
JBJS Case Connect ; 11(2)2021 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101656

RESUMO

CASE: A 57-year-old woman with a history of COVID-19 pneumonia, myelodysplastic syndrome, type II diabetes mellitus, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis underwent elective total hip arthroplasty 3 months after her COVID-19 infection had clinically resolved. Her postoperative course was complicated by COVID-19-negative pneumonia within 24 hours postoperatively requiring ICU admission. CONCLUSION: Patients who have previously recovered from COVID-19 infection may have long-lasting cardiopulmonary effects that may be asymptomatic. Further assessment of postoperative risk and guidance on preoperative evaluation of COVID-19 "survivors" is needed.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , COVID-19/complicações , Pneumonia/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(6): 1666-1670, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111093

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting intraoperative and postoperative complications in retrograde intrarenal surgery. In this retrospective cohort study, 706 retrograde intrarenal surgery procedures administered to 617 patients were reviewed. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were classified according to the modified Satava and modified Clavien classification systems. The stone-free rate was 407 (57.6%) and the success rate was 528 (74.8%). Intraoperative complications were observed in 215 (30.5%) patients. The most common intraoperative complication was mild bleeding 60(8.5%), while the only independent risk factor associated with intraoperative complications was the presence of residual stones. Postoperative complications were observed in 190 (26.9%) patients. The most common postoperative complication was fever requiring antipyretic drugs 60(8.6%), while independent risk factors associated with postoperative complications were the presence of residual stones and solitary kidney.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais , Humanos , Rim/cirurgia , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Kardiologiia ; 61(5): 82-88, 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112080

RESUMO

This article focuses on current concepts of ischemic heart disease, its interventional treatment, pathomorphology of early and late postoperative complications, and forensic aspects in evaluation of restenosis of a stented blood vessel.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Doença das Coronárias , Reestenose Coronária , Angiografia Coronária , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Stents
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(22): e26196, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087889

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: At present, anterior resection of the rectum or transabdominal rectal resection is the most common surgical technique for rectal cancer. Laparoscopic techniques are popular, and the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic rectal surgery have been confirmed. However, postoperative anastomotic leakage is a common, severe complication that leads to high mortality. Thus, early diagnosis of anastomotic leakage is important for reducing clinical consequences.The aim of this study was to determine whether C-reactive protein (CRP) is a good predictor of anastomotic leakage in laparoscopic transabdominal rectal resection.Our retrospective study involved a series of 196 rectal cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic transabdominal rectal resection without ileostomy between May 2013 and April 2015 at the Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University College of Medicine. The following patient data were collected: demographic data, manifestations of the complication, CRP levels and neutrophil percentage during the first 7 postoperative days.Anastomotic leakage was detected in 11 patients (5.6%). Each group showed significant differences (P < .05) in CRP levels on postoperative days 3 to 7; compared with other groups, the anastomotic leakage group showed significant differences in CRP levels (P < .05) on postoperative day 6. When patients were divided into groups with or without anastomotic leakage, CRP was a reliable predictor on postoperative days 4 to 7 (P < .05, area under the curve > 0.800). The best combination was CRP on postoperative day 6 (area under the curve = 0.932) with a cut-off of 76.6 mg/L, resulting in a sensitivity of 83.3%, a specificity of 94.6% and a negative predictive value of 99%.CRP is a reliable predictor of anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic transabdominal rectal resection surgery. High CRP levels on postoperative days 4 to 7 indicate the need for a more careful patient evaluation.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reto/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
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