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1.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (7): 71-76, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34270197

RESUMO

Specific complications is an «Achilles heel¼ of pancreaticoduodenectomy. Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is the most common specific complication. POPF prediction is an actual problem in pancreatic surgery. Analysis of statistically significant scoring systems to predict POPF is a modern trend in perioperative planning. Several prognostic scales (FRS, a-FRS, ua-FRS, Modified Fistula Risk Score) are recommended for clinical practice.


Assuntos
Fístula Pancreática , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Humanos , Pâncreas , Pancreatectomia , Fístula Pancreática/diagnóstico , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Fístula Pancreática/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
2.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (7): 77-83, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34270198

RESUMO

Lung transplantations have been regularly performed in the Russian Federation since 2010. Therefore, the number of lung transplant recipients, as well as the number of patients with airway complications following lung transplantation has been increasing. Treatment of these patients takes place not only in transplantation centers, but also in other hospitals. This review is devoted to risk factors, clinical manifestations, treatment and prevention of airway complications after lung transplantation. We analyzed literature data over the last 15 years. It was confirmed that bronchoscopy is a «gold standard¼ for diagnosis of airway complications while bronchoscopic interventions are preferred for treatment. Balloon and rigid bronchodilation and endoscopic airway stenting are the most effective interventions. Silicone stents are the most optimal. Antimicrobial prophylaxis and timely use of antiproliferative immunosuppressive drugs are important factors in prevention and treatment of airway complications after lung transplantation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Pulmão , Broncoscopia , Constrição Patológica , Humanos , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Federação Russa , Stents
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(25): e26358, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160407

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To compare the clinical efficacy of sodium hyaluronate eye drops, polyethylene glycol eye drops, and compound dextran eye drops in the treatment of dry eye after phacoemulsification of cataract.A total of 99 patients with dry eye after cataract phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation were treated in our hospital. Patients were divided into group A (sodium hyaluronate eye drops), group B (polyethylene glycol eye drops), and group C (dextran-70 eye drops). The clinical effect, tear film breakup time, basic tear secretion, corneal staining score, dry eye symptom score, and the incidence of ocular irritation were assessed.On the 3rd, 15th, 30th, and 60th day after operation, the tear film breakup time, corneal staining score, Schirmer I test, and dry eye symptom score in group A and group B were better than those in group C (P < .05). In addition, there were no significant differences in tear breakdown time, corneal staining score, Schirmer I test, and dry eye symptom score between group A and group B (P > .05). At 3 days to 60 days after operation, the incidence of dry eye in group A (12.12%) and group B (18.18%) was lower than that in group C (39.39%), and the incidence of dry eye in group A was significantly lower than that in group B (P < .05).The effect of sodium hyaluronate eye drops elicited a greater beneficial impact as compared to polyethylene glycol eye drops and dextran-70 eye drops.


Assuntos
Dextranos/administração & dosagem , Ácido Hialurônico/administração & dosagem , Facoemulsificação/efeitos adversos , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Xeroftalmia/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Soluções Oftálmicas/administração & dosagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Xeroftalmia/diagnóstico , Xeroftalmia/epidemiologia , Xeroftalmia/etiologia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(25): e26372, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160410

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT) occurs in individuals without structural abnormalities in the heart, accounts for approximately 10% of total VTs. Furthermore, approximately 70% of idiopathic VTs originate from Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). However, among perioperative arrhythmias, incidence of VT after surgery is extremely rare and most arrhythmias are atrial origin. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 69-year-old man with permanent pacemaker underwent colon surgery. DIAGNOSES: Patient suffered from low blood pressure and dizziness, sweating at post anesthetic care unit (PACU) and heart rate (HR) increased suddenly to 200 beats/min with monomorphic VT after bolus ephedrine administration and continuous dopamine infusion. INTERVENTIONS: Pacemaker interrogation followed by DC cardioversion was done. OUTCOMES: Patient's vital signs became normal and symptoms are subsided. LESSONS: RVOT VT can be caused by triggering activities, such as ephedrine, dopamine, and inadequate fluid management. These triggering activities are initiated by acceleration of HR from ventricles with infusion of catecholamine which lead monomorphic VT originating from RVOT.RVOT origin PVCs can be precipitated into monomorphic VT by administrating catecholamines such as ephedrine and dopamine even in patient with pacemaker. The mechanism of these VTs includes catecholamine induced acceleration of HR. Since RVOT PVCs can be recognize by 12 EKGs, we should be pay more attentions to the pre-operation EKG and be cautious using catecholamines.


Assuntos
Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Idoso , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia , Cardioversão Elétrica , Eletrocardiografia , Bloqueio Cardíaco/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Marca-Passo Artificial , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 161, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090464

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effects of N-acetyl cysteine on renal function after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial conducted in Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran, 60 candidates for coronary artery bypass graft surgery were selected and divided into two N-acetyl cysteine and control groups (30 people each). Patients received 3 (2 intraoperative and 1 postoperative) doses of IV N-acetyl cysteine (100 mg/kg) (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) over 24 h. Prescription times were as follows: after induction of anesthesia, in the Next 4 h, and in the 16 h after on. Primary outcomes were serum levels of BUN and Cr, at baseline,4 and 48 h after surgery. And also need renal replacement therapy (RRT). Secondary outcomes included the hemodynamic variables, Blood products transfusion. RESULTS: There were significant differences in BUN between groups at 4 h (P = 0.02) and 48 h after surgery (P = 0.001) There were significant differences in Cr level between groups at 4 h (P < 0.001) and 48 h after surgery (P = 0.001). MAP at different times (at 4 h p = 0.002 and 48 h after surgery P < 0.001) were significantly different between the two groups. There was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of the unit of Packed cell transfusion (P = 0.002) and FFP transfusion (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In the present study, we found that administration of N-acetyl cysteine can reduce the incidence of acute kidney injury in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery and improved kidney functions. TRIAL REGISTRY: IRCT20190506043492N3 Registered at 2020.06.07.


Assuntos
Acetilcisteína/uso terapêutico , Injúria Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(26): e26488, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The influence of pre-treatment controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score on the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients is inconclusive. We performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic significance of CONUT score in NSCLC patients. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted using PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases. The hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were extracted to assess the correlation between the CONUT score and the overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), as well as the cancer-specific survival. RESULTS: A total of 11 studies with 3029 patients were included in the analysis. Pooled results indicated that a high CONUT score was positively correlated with poor OS (HR: 1.63, 95%CI: 1.40-1.88, P < .001) and shortened DFS/RFS (HR: 1.65, 95%CI: 1.35-2.01, P < .001), but no significant relationship with the cancer-specific survival (HR: 1.28, 95%CI: 0.60-2.73, P = .517) was identified. The negative effect of high CONUT score on the OS and DFS/RFS was detected in every subgroup with varying treatment methods, cancer stage, CONUT cut-off values, sample size, and analysis methods of HR. Additionally, preoperative high CONUT score was an independent predictor of postoperative complications (odds ratio: 1.58, 95%CI: 1.21-2.06, P = .001) in NSCLC. Last but not least, high CONUT score was not significantly correlated with the patients' sex, smoking status, cancer stage, lymphatic invasion, vascular invasion, pleural invasion, and pathological cancer type. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that high CONUT score is positively related to poor prognoses. The CONUT score may therefore be considered as an effective prognostic marker in NSCLC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Estado Nutricional , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/fisiopatologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(26): e26517, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190184

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the differences between the use of a posterior interosseous artery (PIA) flap and an anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap for post-traumatic, medium-sized soft tissue reconstruction of the hand based on flap characteristics, postoperative complications, and aesthetic outcomes.From October, 2010 to March, 2016, 62 patients undergoing soft tissue reconstruction of the hand with 30 PIA flaps and 32 ALT flaps were included in this study. The 62 patients were divided into the PIA flap group and the ALT flap group. The differences between the 2 groups were analyzed.The 62 patients included 52 males and 10 females, and the mean age at the time of surgery was 41 years. The flap failure rate was 13.3% (4/30) in the PIA flap group and 9.4% (3/32) in the ALT flap group. No significant differences in flap failure rate, recipient site complication rate, or donor site complication rate were observed between the 2 groups. However, the operative time (136 min vs 229 min) and aesthetic outcomes (flap bulk swelling, 0 cases vs 31 cases) were statistically significantly different.Both the pedicled PIA flap and the free ALT flap were comparable for the reconstruction of post-traumatic, medium-sized soft tissue defects of the hand according to the evaluated outcomes of postoperative complications. Based on the surgical characteristics of the flap and the evaluation of aesthetic outcomes, the pedicled PIA flap was significantly superior to the free ALT flap.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Adulto , Estética , Feminino , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/efeitos adversos , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/irrigação sanguínea , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Transplante de Pele/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/irrigação sanguínea , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/cirurgia , Coxa da Perna
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(26): e26566, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190198

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effect of AO miniplate screw internal fixation and Kirschner wire (KW) in the treatment of metacarpal fractures.We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 590 metacarpal fracture patients admitted to our hospital from March 2016 to March 2019. Among them, 290 patients were treated with KWs; 300 were treated with AO microplate internal fixation. The clinical, radiological results, time of surgery, and complications were observed and compared between the 2 groups.The imaging characteristics and preoperative fracture types of the 2 groups were similar and comparable (P > .05). The operation time, length of hospital stay, and fracture healing time of AO group were shorter than those of KW group, and the differences were statistically significant (41.22 ±â€Š7.23 vs 25.64 ±â€Š6.29; 7.13 ±â€Š2.38 vs 5.26 ±â€Š1.71; 67.43 ±â€Š22.01 vs 52.57 ±â€Š17.46, P < .05). In addition, the incidence of postoperative complications in AO group was lower than that in KW group (8.3% vs 15.2%, P < .05). In terms of surgical knuckle extension, flexion, and total mobility (compared with the uninjured hand), patients in the AO plate group were significantly improved compared with patients in the KW group, and the difference was statistically significant (4 vs 10 degree; 19 vs 10 degree; 14 vs 29 degree, P < .05); The average degree of finger rotation deformity in AO plate group was significantly lower than that in KW group (1 vs 6 degree, P < .05). In terms of grip strength (compared with the healthy hand), the average grip strength of AO plate group was significantly higher than that of KW group (93% vs 83%, P < .05). Patients in the OA plate group had a lower Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score (P < .05).Compared with KW fixation, AO mini-plate and screw fixation for the metacarpal fracture has a better effect, which can effectively shorten the operation time and reduce the trauma to patients. It can provide patients with better stability and realize the early movement of the palm, promote fracture healing and joint function recovery; it can reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, which has certain safety. In addition, it can effectively reduce the risk of poor finger rotation.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Fios Ortopédicos , Falanges dos Dedos da Mão , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Deformidades da Mão , Ossos Metacarpais/lesões , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Falanges dos Dedos da Mão/lesões , Falanges dos Dedos da Mão/cirurgia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Consolidação da Fratura , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Deformidades da Mão/etiologia , Deformidades da Mão/prevenção & controle , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
9.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(6): 493-497, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34148314

RESUMO

Anastomotic leak is one of inevitable postoperative complications of rectal cancer. With the improvement of surgical techniques, the enhancement of the cognization of rectal cancer, and the development of surgical instruments, surgical procedures of rectal cancer are getting more sophisticated. The anastomosis is performed lower and lower, however the incidence of anastomotic leak is not significantly decreased. In addition, different from intraperitoneal anastomotic leak, the low rectal anastomotic leak after low anterior resection has many special issues in the diagnosis and treatment in clinic. The incidence of peritonitis caused by low anastomotic leak is low, the onset time is late, and symptoms of peritonitis are mild. So most low anastomotic leak is treated conservatively, second surgical repair or resection of anastomotic site is rarely performed, and proximal intestinal diversion is commonly performed. In the prevention of low anastomotic leak, some techniques and precautions during the perioperative period and identification of high risk factors might play important roles. Combined our clinical experiences, we introduced the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and research progression of low anastomotic leak after anterior resection of low rectal cancer, we hope it would be helpful.


Assuntos
Protectomia , Neoplasias Retais , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
10.
J Clin Neurosci ; 89: 128-132, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119255

RESUMO

Most existing anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) outcome studies omit emergency department (ED) use. To our knowledge, this study on ED use following ACDF surgery is the first to use a direct patient chart review and the first to include revision patients, 1-5 levels of ACDFs, and performance of corpectomy in the analysis. This study examines the frequency and basis of hospital service use within 30 days of ACDF surgery, specifically ED visits, hospital readmissions, and returns to the operating room. A retrospective chart review was performed for 1273 consecutive patients who underwent ACDF surgery at one institution from July 2013 to June 2016. Of the 1273 patients with ACDF, 97 (7.6%) presented to the ED within 30 days after surgery. Of 43 patients with revision ACDF, 9 (20.9%) returned to the ED, compared with 88 (7.2%) of 1230 patients with primary ACDF (P = 0.001). Of the 111 ED visits by 97 patients, 40 (36%) were for cervicalgia, 13 (12%) were for dysphagia, 8 (7%) were for trauma, 7 (6%) were for nausea, 4 (4%) were for medication refill, 3 (3%) were for dehiscence, 3 (3%) were for pneumonia, and 3 (3%) were for urinary tract infection. Of the ED presentations, 8 (7%) occurred during the first 2 days after surgery, and 46 (41%) occurred within the first postoperative week.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Transtornos de Deglutição/cirurgia , Discotomia/tendências , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/tendências , Cervicalgia/cirurgia , Readmissão do Paciente/tendências , Fusão Vertebral/tendências , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico , Discotomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hospitais/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos
11.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2021: 9047596, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34149323

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the safety and efficacy between the SpiderFX EPD and Emboshield NAV6 filter in the collection of embolic debris created from lower limb atherectomy procedures in patients with PAD. Materials and Methods: Between January 2014 and October 2015, 507 patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease were treated with directional atherectomy (SilverHawk), rotational atherectomy (JetStream), or laser atherectomy (Turbo Elite) based on operator discretion. Emboshield NAV6 (n = 161) and SpiderFX (n = 346) embolic protection devices were used with each of the 3 atherectomy devices. The primary study endpoint was 30-day freedom from major adverse events (MAEs). An MAE was defined as death, MI, TVR, thrombosis, dissection, distal embolization, perforation at the level of the filter, and unplanned amputation. A descriptive comparison of the MAE rates between Emboshield NAV6 and SpiderFX embolic protection devices was conducted. Results: The freedom from major adverse event (MAE) rate was 92.0% (CI: 86.7%, 95.7%) in patients who received an Emboshield NAV6 filter compared to 91.6% (CI: 88.2%, 94.3%) in patients who received the SpiderFX filter (p=0.434). The lower limit of 86.7% freedom from major adverse event rate in the Emboshield NAV6 group was above the performance goal of 83% (p < 0.0008). Conclusions: There were no significant clinical outcome differences between Emboshield NAV6 and SpiderFX EPD filters in the treatment of lower extremities. This evaluation indicates the safety and efficacy to use either filter device to treat PAD patients with lower extremity lesions.


Assuntos
Aterectomia , Dispositivos de Proteção Embólica , Embolia , Artéria Femoral , Extremidade Inferior , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Aterectomia/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/métodos , Dispositivos de Proteção Embólica/efeitos adversos , Dispositivos de Proteção Embólica/classificação , Dispositivos de Proteção Embólica/estatística & dados numéricos , Embolia/etiologia , Embolia/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/patologia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 41(Suppl 1): S59-S63, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Indications for posterior spinal fusion (PSF) with segmental spinal instrumentation (SSI) of a scoliotic deformity in a skeletally mature individual are based on the balance between the anticipated benefit of stopping future curve progression and the potential downside of loss of spinal mobility. The dilemma regarding PSF with SSI in the adolescent population is exacerbated by the patient's participation in athletics requiring flexibility and motion of the spine, the location of the curve, the presence of pelvic obliquity, and the impact of a limb length discrepancy. The purpose of this review is to discuss the potential advantages and disadvantages of PSF with SSI in a hypothetical skeletally mature adolescent with a 45-degree lumbar curve, pelvic obliquity, and limb length discrepancy. DISCUSSION: Natural history studies of untreated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) have shown that slow curve progression throughout adulthood is likely. Adults with untreated AIS may also have more back pain and dissatisfaction with their appearance. Although the clinical and radiographic outcomes of PSF with SSI are excellent, patients should be counseled about the impact of fusing the lumbar spine on back pain, decreased spinal mobility, and potential inability to return to athletics at the same level. Adults who undergo surgery for AIS have greater operative morbidity and number of levels fused compared with adolescents. CONCLUSION: These factors should be presented when discussing observation versus PSF with SSI with patients and families. Delaying surgery until formal athletic participation is complete should be considered.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Fusão Vertebral , Adolescente , Desenvolvimento do Adolescente , Dor nas Costas/diagnóstico , Dor nas Costas/etiologia , Dor nas Costas/fisiopatologia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Desigualdade de Membros Inferiores/complicações , Região Lombossacral/fisiopatologia , Seleção de Pacientes , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Volta ao Esporte , Escoliose/complicações , Escoliose/diagnóstico , Escoliose/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação , Fusão Vertebral/métodos
13.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 41(Suppl 1): S80-S86, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: Pedicle screws have long been part of the continued advancements in spine surgery. Despite the many techniques that have been devised for their safe placement, malposition of screws continues to occur. Studies have evaluated the possible safe limits of screw malposition, and have given some insight on anatomic variation in spinal deformity. Review of the literature reveals several cases of deleterious long-term sequelae of malpositioned screws. DISCUSSION: With the current experience, proposed recommendations are provided to detect and avoid the potential long-term sequelae. Though the literature has helped to define possible concerning screws, there are no good studies predicting long-term risk. CONCLUSION: Improvements in technology and techniques, advancements in intraoperative confirmation and postoperative surveillance, studies that assist risk stratification, and expert consensus evaluations will help guide surgeons in their decision for addressing misplaced screws.


Assuntos
Falha de Equipamento , Parafusos Pediculares/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Criança , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação , Fusão Vertebral/métodos
14.
Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc ; 55(3): 201-207, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100359

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present mid-term functional and radiological outcomes of patients with physeal closure who underwent arthroscopic or open internal fixation with headless cannulated compressive screws due to unstable Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD) lesions of the knee. METHODS: With a diagnosis of unstable OCD of the knee, ten consecutive patients (seven male, three female) with physeal closure (mean age: 23 years; range: 17-40), underwent arthroscopic or open internal fixation with headless cannulated compressive screws. The patients were retrospectively reviewed based on functional and radiological data, with a mean follow-up of 42 months (range: 27-61). The average size of the defects was 4.2 cm2 with a range from 1.7 to 8 cm2 . The study protocol consisted of the Range of Motion (ROM), Tegner-Lysholm Score, Modified Cincinnati Rating System Questionnaire, Short Form-12 (SF-12) in addition to the plain radiograph and Computed Tomography (CT). Any development of arthrosis was assessed at the final follow-up according to the Internation Knee Documention Committee score (IKDC). RESULTS: At the final follow-up, control plain radiographs and CT showed complete union of the fragments in nine patients; however, CT imaging illustrated nonunion of the fragment in one patient. The main Tegner-Lysholm Score increased from 59 (range: 11-63) preoperatively to 97 (range: 88-100) at the final follow-up. Modified Cincinnati Rating System Questionnaire and IKDC score were 97 (range: 93-100) and 96 (range: 92-100), respectively, at the final follow-up. In addition, in terms of SF-12, the mean physical component score was 47.5 (range: 42-49), and the mean mental component score was 57.25 (range: 48-63). CONCLUSION: In patients with physeal closure, internal fixation using cannulated compressive screws may be an influential procedure for the OCD lesions of the knee ranging in size from medium to large. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Therapeutic Study.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Lâmina de Crescimento , Articulação do Joelho , Osteoartrite , Osteocondrite Dissecante , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adulto , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Lâmina de Crescimento/diagnóstico por imagem , Lâmina de Crescimento/patologia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite/etiologia , Osteoartrite/fisiopatologia , Osteocondrite Dissecante/diagnóstico , Osteocondrite Dissecante/cirurgia , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
15.
Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc ; 55(3): 213-219, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors for the development of re-tear following Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair (aRCR). METHODS: This retrospective clinical study included 196 consecutive aRCRs with a minimum 3-year follow-up. Pre- and postoperative clinical and functional outcomes were measured using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form (ASES), the University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA), the Constant-Murley Score (CMS), and the Douleur Neuropathique (DN4) questzionnaire. The Goutallier staging of fatty infiltration, Occupational Ratio (OR), the Acromiohumeral Interval (AHI), Acromioclavicular Joint (ACJ) arthritis, acromion type, Critical Shoulder Angle (CSA), and tangent sign (tan- sign) were evaluated as radiological parameters. Different subgroup parameters were evaluated after dividing the patients into re-tear (-) and re-tear (+) groups, according to clinical and radiological outcomes as well as patient and intraoperative characteristics. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 72.0 ± 15.8 months. The mean age at the time of surgery was 58.4 ± 8.9 years. A significant improvement was found in clinical and functional scores in the re-tear (-) group (P < 0.001 for all). However, the retear (+) group had poorer outcome scores than the re-tear (-) group. Twenty patients (10.2%) had re-tear at the last follow-up. There was a significant difference between groups regarding pre-and postoperative clinical scores, with worse scores in the retear (+) group (P < 0.001 for all). Also, pre-and postoperative pseudoparalysis (P = 0.001 for both), acromioclavicular joint arthritis (ACJ) (P = 0.001), intraoperative rotator cuff wear (P = 0.007) or stiffness (P = 0.025), a longer time period between symptom onset and surgery (P = 0.031), larger tear size (P = 0.010), preoperative shoulder stiffness (P = 0.001), higher duration of postoperative analgesia use (P < 0.001), higher degrees of preoperative Occupational Ratio (OR) (P < 0.001), and higher degrees of fatty degeneration (P < 0.001) were found to be associated with re- tear development. CONCLUSION: Surgeons should consider the preoperative degree of fatty degeneration, clinical and functional scores, presence of ACJ arthritis, intraoperative tendon quality, tear size and chronicity as well as postoperative prolong analgesic requirement, and development of pseudoparalysis as factors regarding re-tear development risk following aRCR. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Therapeutic Study.


Assuntos
Artroscopia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Artroscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/fisiopatologia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc ; 55(3): 258-264, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100368

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiological outcomes of screw fixation alone versus screw with small locking plate fixation techniques in the management of intra-articular calcaneal fractures by minimal invasive surgery. METHODS: A total of 42 patients treated with minimally invasive surgery because of an intra-articular calcaneal fracture were retrospectively reviewed and included in the study. The patient were then divided into two groups based on the implemented surgical technique: Group A, 20 patients (16 male, 4 female; mean age = 43.41 ± 15.50) receiving screw fixation alone and group B, 22 patients (17 male, 5 female; mean age = 43.38 ± 14.00) receiving screw with small locking plate fixation. The radiographic assessment included Bohler's, Gissane, joint line parallel, and calcaneal varus angles at immediate post-operative and 2-year follow up period through the calcaneal axial and lateral foot radiographs. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in joint line parallel angle from post-operative period to 2-year follow up in Group A compared to Group B, mean (SD) 3.27 (2.15) degrees versus (vs) 0.44 (3.00) degrees, P = 0.025. No statistical significant difference of the immediate, 2-year post-operative period and the change in Bohler's-Gissane angle, calcaneal varus, and FAAM of ADL between groups were observed, P > 0.05. For time-point comparisons in each group, there was a significant loss of calcaneal varus and increase in joint line parallel angle from post-operative period to 2-year follow up in Group A, from mean (SD) 1.82 (11.22) to 4.41 (9.73) degrees and 4.09 (5.32) to 7.36 (5.24) degrees, P = 0.047 and <0.0001, respectively. Group A had statistical significant less complications as zero vs 5, P = 0.049. CONCLUSION: The screw fixation alone seems to provide inferior stability of posterior facet fixation and calcaneal varus reduction with lower complication rates compared to screw with small-locking plate fixation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Therapeutic Study.


Assuntos
Calcâneo , Traumatismos do Pé , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Intra-Articulares , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adulto , Placas Ósseas , Parafusos Ósseos , Calcâneo/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcâneo/lesões , Calcâneo/cirurgia , Feminino , Traumatismos do Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos do Pé/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos do Pé/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Fraturas Intra-Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Intra-Articulares/cirurgia , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Radiografia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2021: 6661763, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34104120

RESUMO

Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of self-made polyurethane-covered stents (PU-CS) in patients for the management of coronary artery perforation (CAP) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Background: Coronary artery perforation is reckoned as a serious complication in PCI and associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Covered stents have been used for treating the life-threatening CAP during PCI. But in some catheterization laboratories, no commercial CS is immediately available when there is an urgent need for CS to rescue the coronary rupture site. Methods: We retrospectively identified 24 patients who underwent 31 self-made PU-CS implantations due to CAP in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, from June 2015 to January 2020. Results: The total procedural success rate of CS to seal the perforation was 79.2%. Nine patients (37.5%) developed cardiac tamponade, of which 8 patients (33.3%) underwent pericardiocentesis and 4 patients (16.7%) underwent cardiac surgeries. Except for 4 cardiac death cases (16.7%), none of myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR), and stent thrombosis (ST) was reported during hospital stay. Data from 22 patients (91.7%) were available at 610.4 ± 420.9 days of follow-up. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) occurred in 6 patients (27.3%), including 5 cases of cardiac death and one TLR case. Conclusions: Self-made PU-CS demonstrates high rates of successful delivery and sealing of severe CAP during PCI. Although the in-hospital mortality remains high after PU-CS implantation, the long-term follow-up shows favorable clinical outcomes, indicating the feasibility of PU-CS in treating CAP.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários , Complicações Intraoperatórias/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Stents , Lesões do Sistema Vascular , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/uso terapêutico , Vasos Coronários/lesões , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Poliuretanos/farmacologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia
18.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2021: 6686230, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34104121

RESUMO

Objectives: To compare outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) patients versus conservative therapy. Background: SCAD is an important cause of myocardial infarction (MI) in young-to-middle-aged women. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is often pursued, but outcomes compared to conservative therapy are unclear. Methods: 403 nonatherosclerotic SCAD patients were enrolled between 2011 and 2017 and prospectively followed up in our Vancouver General Hospital registries. Detailed baseline, hospital, PCI, and outcomes were recorded. We explored the outcomes of SCAD patients who underwent PCI during their initial presentation. Results: PCI was performed in 75 patients, the average age was 48.9 ± 10.1 yrs, and 94.7% were women. All presented with MI; 50.7% STEMI, 49.3% NSTEMI, and 13.3% had VT/VF. PCI was successful in 34.7%, partially successful in 37.3%, and unsuccessful in 28.0%. Stents were deployed in 73.3%, 16.0% had balloon angioplasty alone, 10.7% had wiring attempts only, and 5.3% required bailout surgery. Major adverse cardiovascular event rates (MACE) were significantly higher with the PCI group in hospital (29.3% versus 2.8%, p < 0.001), and at median follow-up of 3.7 yrs (58.7% versus 22.6% (p < 0.001) compared to the non-PCI group. Conclusion: PCI in SCAD patients was associated with high failure rate and MACE in hospital and at long-term follow-up. These findings support the recommendation of conservative therapy as first-line management unless high-risk features are present.


Assuntos
Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Stents , Doenças Vasculares/congênito , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração/diagnóstico , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Risco Ajustado , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Vasculares/cirurgia
19.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 163, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CORKNOT® facilitates a reduction in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time, aortic cross clamp (ACC) time and operative time, but reported to be associated with other complications. We aim to quantify the incidence of valvular complications related to CORKNOT® and determine the feasibility of its use between different valvular surgeries. METHODS: Patients who underwent heart valve repair or replacement surgery via the use of automated titanium suture fasteners (CORKNOT®) in a tertiary care hospital were included in the study. This single-centre retrospective study was conducted on 132 patients between January 2016 and June 2018. RESULTS: In our study, the overall mean operative time was 320.0 ± 97.0 min, mean CPB time was 171.4 ± 76.0 min and the calculated mean ACC time was 105.9 ± 54.0 min. Fifty-eight patients (43.9%) underwent minimally invasive valve replacement or repair surgery and 66 patients (50.0%) underwent concomitant procedures. A total of 157 valves were operated on, with 112 (84.8%) single valve surgeries, 15 (11.4%) double valve surgeries and 5 (3.8%) triple valve surgeries. After reviewed by the cardiologist blinded towards the study, we report trivial and/or mild paravalvular leak (PVL) in immediate post-operative echocardiography was found in 1 (1.01%) patients. There were no reported cases of valvular thrombosis, leaflet perforation, device dislodgement or embolization, moderate and/or severe PVL during hospitalization and follow-up echocardiography within 1 year. Single mitral valve and aortic surgeries had comparable incidences of post surgical complications. CONCLUSION: We conclude the feasibility of CORKNOT® utilisation in mitral and aortic valve surgeries. Additionally, incidence of CORKNOT® related complications in heart valve repair or replacement surgery is less usual in our setting than previously reported. These results motivate the use of CORKNOT® as a valid alternative with complete commitment.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Valvas Cardíacas/lesões , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Ruptura/etiologia , Técnicas de Sutura/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/etiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Incidência , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ruptura/diagnóstico , Ruptura/epidemiologia , Técnicas de Sutura/instrumentação , Titânio , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 370, 2021 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134662

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of a preoperative modified frailty index (mFI) based on data from medical records in predicting postoperative complications among older Chinese patients with hip fractures. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included consecutive older patients with hip fracture admitted to the Department of Orthopaedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, from December 2010 to June 2017 who underwent surgical repair. We selected 33 variables, including characteristics of hip fracture, to construct a mFI. Each variable was coded with a value of 0 when a deficit was absent or 1 when it was present. We calculated the mFI as the proportion of positive items and defined frailty as mFI value greater than or equal to 0.21 according to threshold proposed by Hoover et al. We examined the relationship between mFI and severity of postoperative complications and the occurrence of in-hospital pneumonia including statistical adjustment for several demographics (e.g. age, gender, and marital status) and habits (smoking and alcohol intake), time from fracture to surgery in the multivariable model. RESULTS: We included 965 patients (34% male; mean age: 76.77 years; range: 60 to 100 years) with a prevalence of frailty of 13.06%. The presence of frailty was associated with a higher severity of complications (OR: 2.07; 95% CI: 1.40 to 3.05). Frail patients were more likely to develop in-hospital pneumonia than non-frail patients (OR: 2.08; 95% CI: 1.28 to 3.39). CONCLUSION: The preoperative modified frailty index based on data from medical records proved significantly associated with postoperative complications among older patients with hip fractures undergoing hip surgery.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Fraturas do Quadril , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
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