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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(22): e25996, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087844

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Kummell's disease is a delayed vertebral collapse fracture caused by posttraumatic osteonecrosis. It is a special type of osteoporotic vertebral fracture in the elderly. This study compares and analyzes the difference in the curative effect of 2 kinds of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) in the presence of fracture or not in the vertebral body, and provides a clinical reference for the application of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP).This research is a kind of retrospective analysis from January 2012 to January 2015, PKP was used to treat 165 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Intravertebral clefts group (group A) and none-intravertebral clefts group in vertebral body (group B). Bone mineral density (BMD), bone cement injection (BCI), Visual analogue scale (VAS) score before and after surgery, anterior, central and posterior height of vertebral body (before and after surgery) and Cobb angle of injured vertebra (before and after surgery) were compared between the 2 groups.Surgeries for 165 patients in the 2 groups were successfully completed, and 226 fractured vertebrae were performed through bilateral puncture approach to strengthen the vertebral body. Intraoperative injection of bone cement (ml) was 4.25 + 1.29 (range: 2.6-7.8). There were statistically significant differences in bone cement injection quantity between the 2 groups (P < .05), and in bone cement leakage (P > .05) as well as the Postoperative VAS score (P < .05). However, There was no statistical difference in VAS score before surgery between the 2 groups (P > .05). The results indicated that the pain relief degree of OVCF patients without intravertebral clefts is better than that in the vertebral body. No statistical difference was found in Cobb Angle before and after surgery (P > .05), as well as the correction rate of the injured vertebrae before and after surgery (P > .05). There was no statistical difference in the degree of recovery of the anterior, middle and posterior margins of the injured vertebrae after surgery (P > .05).PKP treatment led to better degree of pain relief in OVCF patients without intravertebral clefts, and less bone cement was injected into the surgery.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Cifoplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentos Ósseos , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(6): 1666-1670, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34111093

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting intraoperative and postoperative complications in retrograde intrarenal surgery. In this retrospective cohort study, 706 retrograde intrarenal surgery procedures administered to 617 patients were reviewed. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were classified according to the modified Satava and modified Clavien classification systems. The stone-free rate was 407 (57.6%) and the success rate was 528 (74.8%). Intraoperative complications were observed in 215 (30.5%) patients. The most common intraoperative complication was mild bleeding 60(8.5%), while the only independent risk factor associated with intraoperative complications was the presence of residual stones. Postoperative complications were observed in 190 (26.9%) patients. The most common postoperative complication was fever requiring antipyretic drugs 60(8.6%), while independent risk factors associated with postoperative complications were the presence of residual stones and solitary kidney.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais , Humanos , Rim/cirurgia , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 491-496, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102733

RESUMO

Objectives: To study the risk factors for massive intraoperative blood loss in children with biliary atresia who underwent liver transplantation for the first time,and to analyze their impacts on graft survival,hospital stay and postoperative complications. Methods: The data of 613 children with biliary atresia who underwent liver transplantation at Department of Pediatric Organ Transplantation,Tianjin First Central Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018 were collected and analyzed. There were 270 males and 343 females, aged 7.4 (3.9) months (range: 3.2 to 148.4 months), the body weight of the recipients were (7.8±3.5) kg (range: 4.0 to 43.3 kg).According to the 85th quad of estimated blood loss(EBL),they were divided into two groups:massive EBL group(96 cases) and non massive EBL group(517 cases). The age,height,weight and other factors between the two groups were analyzed and compared. Univariate Logistic regression and multiple stepwise regression were used to determine the risk factors of massive EBL. Then,the postoperative complications of the two groups,including portal vein thrombosis and portal vein anastomotic stenosis etc.,were analyzed and compared by chi square test. Kaplan Meier curve and log rank test were used to analyze the recipient and graft survival rate of the two groups. Results: During the study period,713 transplants were performed and 613 patients were enrolled in the study. Ninety-six patients(15.7%) had massive EBL,and the postoperative hospital stay was 21(16) days(range:2 to 116 days),the hospital stay of non-massive EBL group was 22(12)days(range:3 to 138 days)(U=24 224.0,P=0.32). Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the recipient's weight,Kasai portoenterostomy,platelet count,operation time and cold ischemia time were the risk factors of massive EBL during biliary atresia transplantation. Multiple regression analysis showed that cold ischemia time ≥10 hours,prolonged operation time(≥8 hours) and body weight<5.5 kg were important independent risk factors for massive EBL.The incidence of portal vein thrombosis,hepatic vein stenosis,intestinal leakage and pulmonary infection in patients with massive EBL were significantly higher than those without massive EBL(3.1% vs. 0.8%,9.4% vs. 2.1%,6.3% vs. 0.8%,30.2% vs. 20.1%,all P<0.05). The 3-year overall graft and recipient survival rate were significantly lower in patients with massive EBL than those without massive EBL(87.5% vs. 95.7%,P=0.001;84.4% vs. 95.4%,P<0.01,respectively). Conclusions: In children with biliary atresia who underwent liver transplantation for the first time,the effective control of intraoperative bleeding should shorten the operation time and reduce the cold ischemia time as far as possible,on the premise of ensuring the safety of operation. For children without growth disorder,the weight of children should be increased to more than 5.5 kg as far as possible to receive the operation. Reducing intraoperative bleeding is of great significance to the prognosis of children.


Assuntos
Atresia Biliar , Transplante de Fígado , Atresia Biliar/cirurgia , Criança , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
4.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(5)2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34064607

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Sarcopenia is a recognized prognostic factor for both complications and survival in cancer patients. This study aims to analyze the relationship between sarcopenia measured by psoas muscle index on computer tomography scans and the presence of postoperative complications in colorectal cancer surgery. Materials and Methods: In a prospective study we recorded data from 51 patients who underwent colorectal cancer surgery in the Mures County Clinical Hospital, Romania. Total psoas muscle area and psoas density were measured at the level of the third lumbal vertebra (L3) for further index calculation. We also evaluated the general characteristics and laboratory analyses to obtain more information about status of the patients. Short-term postoperative complications were scored according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Results: The majority of the 51 patients were male (61%) and the median age was 65 years. More than half of the cancer was located in the rectum (56.9%), a quarter in the right colon (25.5%), the rest in the sigmoid (11.8%), and the left colon (5.9%). Twenty-one patients (41.2%) developed a complication, five (9.8%) of these were Clavien-Dindo grade 3, 4 or 5 (high grade) and sixteen (31.3%) grade 1 or 2 (low grade). The low- and high-grade groups showed a significantly lower right psoas muscle area, left psoas muscle area, total psoas muscle area, and psoas muscle index (p < 0.001 in all cases). Among laboratory analyses, a significantly lower perioperative hematocrit, hemoglobin, and albumin level were found in patients who developed complications. Furthermore we observed that an elevated serum C-reactive protein level was associated with a higher grade of complication (p < 0.043). Conclusions: The psoas muscle index (PMI) influence on the postoperative outcome is an important factor in our single center prospective study and it appears to be a good overall predictor in colorectal surgery. A lower PMI is directly associated with a low or high grade complication by Clavien-Dindo classification. Perioperative inflammatory and nutritional status evidenced by serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and albumin level influences the presence of postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Músculos Psoas , Idoso , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Computadores , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Músculos Psoas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Romênia
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(22): e26196, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087889

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: At present, anterior resection of the rectum or transabdominal rectal resection is the most common surgical technique for rectal cancer. Laparoscopic techniques are popular, and the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic rectal surgery have been confirmed. However, postoperative anastomotic leakage is a common, severe complication that leads to high mortality. Thus, early diagnosis of anastomotic leakage is important for reducing clinical consequences.The aim of this study was to determine whether C-reactive protein (CRP) is a good predictor of anastomotic leakage in laparoscopic transabdominal rectal resection.Our retrospective study involved a series of 196 rectal cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic transabdominal rectal resection without ileostomy between May 2013 and April 2015 at the Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University College of Medicine. The following patient data were collected: demographic data, manifestations of the complication, CRP levels and neutrophil percentage during the first 7 postoperative days.Anastomotic leakage was detected in 11 patients (5.6%). Each group showed significant differences (P < .05) in CRP levels on postoperative days 3 to 7; compared with other groups, the anastomotic leakage group showed significant differences in CRP levels (P < .05) on postoperative day 6. When patients were divided into groups with or without anastomotic leakage, CRP was a reliable predictor on postoperative days 4 to 7 (P < .05, area under the curve > 0.800). The best combination was CRP on postoperative day 6 (area under the curve = 0.932) with a cut-off of 76.6 mg/L, resulting in a sensitivity of 83.3%, a specificity of 94.6% and a negative predictive value of 99%.CRP is a reliable predictor of anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic transabdominal rectal resection surgery. High CRP levels on postoperative days 4 to 7 indicate the need for a more careful patient evaluation.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reto/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(5)2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065868

RESUMO

Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the T-14 outcomes of the BizactTM device for tonsillectomy in a pediatric population. Methods: A case series chart review was undertaken at a public tertiary teaching hospital and private otolaryngology practice, with data collected from pediatric patients who underwent a BizactTM tonsillectomy between July 2016 and October 2019 for any indication, whose parents consented to completing the T-14 questionnaire providing a parental perspective of the child's quality of life. Primary outcomes were T-14 scores recorded preoperatively and 6 weeks post-operatively. Secondary outcome measures were postoperative complications, including hemorrhage and readmission. Results: 146 patients were identified. There was a significant improvement in T-14 scores from a median of 24 (Interquartile range (IQR) 18-33) prior to surgery to 2 (IQR 0-4) at 6 weeks postoperatively (p < 0.001). The post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage rate was 6.1% (9/146 participants). Conclusions: Pediatric BizactTM tonsillectomy is effective in treating common indications for pediatric tonsillectomy, reflected by improved parent-reported health-related quality of life T-14 scores postoperatively.


Assuntos
Tonsilectomia , Tonsilite , Criança , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tonsilite/cirurgia
7.
Arch Esp Urol ; 74(5): 503-510, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34080570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The goal of current study was to evaluate prevalence of postoperative urinary tract infections (UTI) following flexible ureteroscopy (f-URS) and to determine predictive factors for those UTIs. METHODS: A total of 420 patients with urolithiasis that underwent f-URS between August 2018 and August 2019 were enrolled in the study. Peri-operative characteristics of patients with and without postoperative UTIs were compared using univariate analyses. Predictive factors for UTIs following f-URS were determined using multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Forty-one (9.8%) out of 420 patients had postoperative urinary infection after f-URS and those patients were classified as group 1. Group 2 consisted of 379 patients that did not develop postoperative UTIs. The percentage of female gender was 58.5% vs 42% in groups 1 and 2, respectively (p=0.042). The preoperative UTI history rate was 51.2% vs 20.8% (p<0.001) and preoperative double J stent (DJS) insertion rate 39% vs 17.7% in groups 1 and 2, respectively (p=0.001). Univariate regression analyses showed that the female gender (OR=1.98), history of UTI (OR=3.99), and preoperative DJS insertion (OR=2.98) significantly increased the possibility of postoperative UTI (p<0.05). Multivariate regression analyses revealed that history of UTI (OR=3.41, 95%CI:1.73-6.72, p<0.001) and preoperative DJS insertion (OR=2.30, 95%CI:1.13-4.68, p=0.021) were independent risk factors for infectious complications following f-URS. If both factors are present, the probability of infection is 55.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Even if f-URS is considered a safe procedure, the risk of postoperative infectious complications is far from negligible. We found that the presence of UTI history and preoperative DJS were independent risk factors for UTI after f-URS.


Assuntos
Litotripsia , Infecções Urinárias , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Ureteroscópios , Ureteroscopia/efeitos adversos , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/etiologia
8.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 279, 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082725

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The drain output volume (DOV) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is an easily assessable indicator in clinical settings. We explored the utility of the DOV as a possible warning sign of complications after PD. METHODS: A total of 404 patients undergoing PD were considered for inclusion. The predictability of the DOV for overall morbidity, major complications, intraabdominal infection (IAI), clinically relevant (CR) postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), CR delayed gastric emptying (DGE), CR chyle leak (CL), and CR post-pancreatectomy hemorrhaging (PPH) was evaluated. RESULTS: One hundred (24.8%) patients developed major complications, and 131 (32.4%) developed IAI. Regarding CR post-pancreatectomy complications, 75 (18.6%) patients developed CR-POPF, 23 (5.7%) developed CR-DGE, 20 (5.0%) developed CR-CL, and 28 (6.9%) developed CR-PPH. The median DOV on postoperative day (POD) 1 and POD 3 was 266 and 234.5 ml, respectively. A low DOV on POD 1 was an independent predictor of CR-POPF, and a high DOV on POD 3 was an independent predictor of CR-CL. A receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis revealed that the DOV on POD 1 had a negative predictive value (area under the curve [AUC] 0.655, sensitivity 65.0%, specificity 65.3%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.587-0.724), with a calculated optimal cut-off value of 227 ml. An ROC analysis also revealed that the DOV on POD 3 had a positive predictive value (AUC 0.753, sensitivity 70.1%, specificity 75.0%, 95% CI: 0.651-0.856), with a calculated optimal cut-off value of 332 ml. CONCLUSION: A low DOV on POD 1 might be a postoperative warning sign for CR-POPF, similar to high drain amylase (DA) on POD 1, high DA on POD 3, and high CRP on POD 3. When the DOV on POD 1 after PD was low, surgeons should evaluate the reasons of a low DOV. A high DOV on POD 3 was a postoperative warning sign CR-CL, and might require an appropriate management of protein loss.


Assuntos
Pancreatectomia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Drenagem , Humanos , Fístula Pancreática/diagnóstico , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Fístula Pancreática/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco
9.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(6): 1103-1110, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058882

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to determine outcomes of isolated tibial insert exchange (ITIE) during revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: From 1985 to 2016, 270 ITIEs were performed at one institution for instability (55%, n = 148), polyethylene wear (39%, n = 105), insert fracture/dissociation (5%, n = 14), or stiffness (1%, n = 3). Patients with component loosening, implant malposition, infection, and extensor mechanism problems were excluded. RESULTS: Survivorship free of any re-revision was 68% at ten years. For the indication of insert wear, survivorship free of any re-revision at ten years was 74%. Re-revisions were more frequent for index diagnoses other than wear (hazard ratio (HR) 1.9; p = 0.013), with ten-year survivorships of 69% for instability and 37% for insert fracture/dissociation. Following ITIE for wear, the most common reason for re-revision was aseptic loosening (33%, n = 7). For other indications, the most common reason for re-revision was recurrence of the original diagnosis. Mean Knee Society Scores improved from 54 (0 to 94) preoperatively to 77 (38 to 94) at ten years. CONCLUSION: After ITIE, the risk and reasons for re-revision correlated with preoperative indications. The best results were for polyethylene wear. For other diagnoses, the re-revision rate was higher and the failure mode was most commonly recurrence of the original indication for the revision TKA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(6):1103-1110.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Prótese do Joelho , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação , Fatores de Risco
10.
Orthopedics ; 44(3): 180-186, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34039215

RESUMO

In an attempt to preserve essential equipment and health care system capacity and slow the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, Governor Murphy suspended all elective surgeries performed in New Jersey from March 27, 2020, through May 25, 2020. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of postoperative COVID-19 infection following nonelective hip and knee surgery during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic in New Jersey during this time. A retrospective cohort of 149 patients who underwent nonelective hip and knee surgery from March 27, 2020, through May 25, 2020, at 2 institutions was identified. The cohort was divided into hip fracture and non-fracture patients to compare the postoperative experience of these patient populations. The primary outcome was the incidence of postoperative COVID-19 infection diagnosed via severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 nasopharyngeal real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Secondary outcomes included length of stay, discharge disposition, postoperative complications, and mortality rate. A total of 149 patients underwent nonelective hip and knee surgeries, including 76 hip fracture cases and 73 nonelective hip and knee arthroplasty cases. A postoperative diagnosis of COVID-19 was made for 5 (6.6%) of 76 hip fracture patients, and 2 of the 5 died secondary to COVID-19. There were no infections in the arthroplasty cohort. This study describes a low incidence of COVID-19 infection after nonelective hip and knee surgery during the surge of the COVID-19 pandemic in New Jersey. Patients who underwent hip fracture surgery had an increased incidence of postoperative COVID-19 infection. [Orthopedics. 2021;44(3):180-186.].


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Fixação de Fratura , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , New Jersey/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
11.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol ; 34(3): 381-386, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33935187

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: After successfully reducing mortality in the operating room, the time has come for anesthesiologists to conquer postoperative complications. This review aims to raise awareness about myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS), its definition, diagnosis, clinical importance, and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: MINS, defined as an elevated postoperative troponin judged to be due to myocardial ischemia (with or without ischemic features), occurs in up to one in five patients having noncardiac surgery and is responsible for 16% of all postoperative deaths within 30 days of surgery. New evidence on risk factors, etiology, potential prevention strategies, treatment options, and the economic impact of MINS highlights the actionability of perioperative clinicians in caring for adult patients who are considered to be at risk of cardiovascular complications. SUMMARY: Millions of patients safely going through surgery suffer MINS and die shortly after the procedure every year. Without a structured approach to predicting, preventing, diagnosing, and treating MINS, we lose the opportunity to provide our patients with the best chance of deriving benefit from noncardiac surgery. The perioperative community needs to come together, appreciate the clinical relevance of MINS, and step up with high-quality research in the future.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Troponina
12.
Eur J Med Res ; 26(1): 39, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to summarize the epidemiologic characteristics and double-buffered strategy for patients in orthopedic surgery during the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China, based on our own experience in our hospital. METHODS: A retrospective and comparative study was performed to identify all inpatients at our clinic from February 17 to April 20, 2020 (epidemic group), and from February 17 to April 20, 2019 (control group). Epidemiologic characteristics, screening effect, perioperative complications, and nosocomial infection were analyzed. RESULTS: In the epidemic group, 82 patients were identified, a decrease by 76.0% than the 342 patients in the same period in the 2019. Patients in the epidemic group (54.6 ± 20.2 years) were older than those in the control group (49.6 ± 22.5 years). For the epidemic group, the proportion rates of traumatic factures (69.5%) and low-energy injuries (86.0%) were higher than that in the control group, respectively (35.4% and 37.2%). The preoperative waiting time (7.0 ± 2.6 days) in the epidemic group was longer than that in the control group (4.5 ± 2.1 days). The postoperative complication rate (12.2%) in the epidemic group was higher than that in the control group (3.5%). No nosocomial infection of orthopedic staff and patients with COVID-19 was noted in the epidemic group. CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China, orthopedic inpatients showed unique epidemiological characteristics. The double-buffered strategy could effectively avoid nosocomial infections among medical staff and patients. Doctors should fully evaluate the perioperative risks and complications.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Tratamento de Emergência , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(18): e25639, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salvianolate, a common drug for stabilizing heart disease and Angina Pectoris, is considered to be off-label for preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE) or anticoagulation at present. However, many clinical studies have showed that salvianolate can effectively inhibit the deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) incidence, and prevent VTE of perioperative patients in the real world in China. OBJECTIVE: This analysis aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of salvianolate in preventing VTE in perioperative patients. METHODS: Databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP were searched until July 2019. Literature retrieval, data extraction and quality assessment were independently completed by two researchers and checked with each other. Review Manager 5.2 software was applied for meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 429 studies were retrieved, including 11 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a total of 1149 subjects. Compared with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) group alone, salvianolate combined LMWH group had lower DVT incidence in preventing perioperative thrombosis (2.75% and 14.23%, OR: 0.21, 95% CI:[0.08,0.53]; P = .0009). The incidence of adverse reactions of experimental group was similar to that of control group (1.79% and 2.31%, OR: 0.65, 95% CI:[0.18,2.35]. P = .51). Compared with the control group, D-dimer level (D-D), platelet count (PLT), fibrinogen (FIB), whole blood high shear viscosity (WBHSV), and whole blood low shear viscosity (WBLSV) were all significantly decreased (P < .01), and prothrombin time (PT) was significantly increased (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Salvianolate combined LMWH has better effectiveness and the same safety in preventing venous thromboembolism in perioperative patients. However, due to the small number of included literatures, large sample studies are still needed to further verify this conclusion.


Assuntos
Uso Off-Label , Extratos Vegetais/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/administração & dosagem , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Período Perioperatório/estatística & dados numéricos , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Tempo de Protrombina , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle
14.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 48: e20202872, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34008797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: in Latin America, especially Brazil, the use of a robotic platform for thoracic surgery is gradually increasing in recent years. However, despite tuberculosis and inflammatory pulmonary diseases are endemic in our country, there is a lack of studies describing the results of robotic surgical treatment of bronchiectasis. This study aims to evaluate the surgical outcomes of robotic surgery for inflammatory and infective diseases by determining the extent of resection, postoperative complications, operative time, and length of hospital stay. METHODS: retrospective study from a database involving patients diagnosed with bronchiectasis and undergoing robotic thoracic surgery at three hospitals in Brazil between January of 2017 and January of 2020. RESULTS: a total of 7 patients were included. The mean age was 47 + 18.3 years (range, 18-70 years). Most patients had non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (n=5), followed by tuberculosis bronchiectasis (n=1) and lung abscess (n=1). The performed surgeries were lobectomy (n=3), anatomic segmentectomy (n=3), and bilobectomy (n=1). The median console time was 147 minutes (range 61-288 min.) and there was no need for conversion to open thoracotomy. There were no major complications. Postoperative complications occurred in one patient and it was a case of constipation with the need for an intestinal lavage. The median for chest tube time and hospital stay, in days, was 1 (range, 1-6 days) and 5 (range, 2-14 days) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: robotic thoracic surgery for inflammatory and infective diseases is a feasible and safe procedure, with a low risk of complications and morbidity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Cirurgia Torácica , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Georgian Med News ; (312): 36-42, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964823

RESUMO

Goal - to determine efficacy of the Ileosigmo-pouch (ISP) as a method of transrectal urinary diversion in invasive bladder cancer (BC) treatment. Retrospective analysis of clinical data of patients that undergone radical cystectomy (RC), followed by ISP method of urinary diversion. Study compared two groups of patients: the first group of 22 (23.6%) patients with ISP and the control group included 71 (76.4%) patients with Mainz pouch II (MP II) diversion. The groups were statistically comparable by major clinical parameters. Complication rates were evaluated with Clavien-Dindo classification. There were no significant differences in the duration of surgery procedure, - ISP 210 - 562 (380.4±38.4) minutes vs. 190 - 557 (311.3±49.5) minutes for MP II. Levels of intraoperative blood loss in both groups were comparable: 110 - 2850 (707.42±97.2) ml vs. 170 - 3000 (788.51±141.3) ml. Peroiperative complications after ISP and MP II (1 (4.5%) vs. 6 (4.8%)) did not exceed 3 grade according to Clavien-Dindo. The frequency of postoperative chronic pyelonephritis (CP) was higher in MP II 26 (24.3%) vs. ISP 3 (15.7%). Gas reflux into the kidneys was observed only in MP II 18 (16.8%). Metabolic acidosis was revealed in 27 (25.2%) after MP II and in 2 (10.5%) after ISP. During the ISP formation comparing to MP II, the pouch volume increased in average up to 1000 ml vs. 750 ml., the pressure in a sigmoid colon decreases to 18 cm of water column against 35 cm wc. Urination/defecation frequency was improved in patients after ISP - every 3-4 hours during the day and 5-6 hours at night vs. MP II every 2-3 hours during the day and 3-4 hours at night. The ISP method of urinary diversion in our study showed improvements of urodynamic parameters and eliminated the body metabolic disorders when compared to transrectal diversion with MP2. This viable option of diversion in patients with invasive bladder cancer who are not candidates for neobladder, but strongly afraid of cutaneous urinary stoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Derivação Urinária , Cistectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Músculos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia
17.
Ann Plast Surg ; 86(5S Suppl 3): S390-S394, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) is known to increase the risk of multiple adverse outcomes after breast reconstruction. In the context of delayed-immediate autologous breast reconstruction, PMRT is typically conducted after placement of subpectoral (SP) tissue expanders. With the re-emergence of prepectoral (PP) reconstruction, there are little data assessing the outcomes of PP reconstruction in breasts receiving PMRT. We compared postoperative outcomes of PMRT patients undergoing delayed-immediate, autologous breast reconstruction with placement of tissue expanders in either the PP or SP plane. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all consecutive patients who underwent delayed-immediate autologous breast reconstruction and received PMRT at either the Stanford University or the Johns Hopkins University Hospitals between January 2009 and December 2018. Demographics, comorbidities, perioperative information, and oncologic data were collected for all patients. Complications were collected and analyzed after stage 1 surgery, between 30 days of stage 1 and up to stage 2 surgery, and after stage 2 surgery. Multivariable regressions were used to determine predictors of 1 or more complications. RESULTS: A total of 71 patients (73 breasts) were included. Prepectoral reconstruction comprised of 52.2% of the cohort, and the remaining 47.8% were SP reconstructions. Demographics and comorbidities were similar between groups, except for premastectomy radiation, which was more prevalent in the PP cohort (P = 0.010). Complications were similar between cohorts after stage 1 surgery (P = 0.420), between stages 1 and 2 (P = 0.100), and after stage 2 (P = 0.570). There were higher rates of skin necrosis in the SP cohort between stages 1 and 2 (PP: 2.6%, SP: 20%, P = 0.004). Multivariable analysis revealed body mass index to be the only predictor of complication (P = 0.041). The mean number of revisionary surgeries was higher in the SP cohort (PP: 0.8 vs SP: 1.9, P = 0.002). The mean follow-up was 385.5 days and similar between groups (P = 0.870). CONCLUSIONS: Rates of overall complication were similar between PP and SP expander placement. However, in SP reconstructions, skin necrosis was significantly higher between stages 1 and 2. The patients in the SP cohort also underwent a greater number of revisionary surgeries, although overall rates of pursuing any revisionary surgery were similar between groups.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Humanos , Mastectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Ann Plast Surg ; 86(5S Suppl 3): S403-S408, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976069

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chest wall irradiation significantly decreases the strength and quality of breast tissue supporting prostheses, increasing the risk of skin breakdown and implant or tissue expander extrusion. Autologous tissue, including the latissimus dorsi (LD) or abdominal-based flaps, including the muscle-sparing transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous or deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps, may be used to salvage reconstructions. However, data comparing outcomes of the two flap options remains limited. We compare postoperative outcomes from both flap types after autologous salvage reconstruction in irradiated breasts. METHODS: Charts were retrospectively reviewed from patients who underwent either chest wall radiation or postmastectomy radiation therapy followed by salvage autologous reconstruction with either a LD and an implant or an abdominal-based flap (muscle-sparing transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous or deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps). Patients with a history of tissue expander or implant failure requiring autologous salvage as part of 2-staged or delayed-immediate breast reconstruction that were operated on between January 2005 and November 2015 were included. Basic demographics, comorbidities, and recipient site complications (infection, wound dehiscence, seroma, hematoma, fat necrosis, and flap failure) were collected. RESULTS: A total of 72 patients met the inclusion criteria which included 72 flaps; 35 LD and 37 abdominally based flaps. Demographics and comorbidities did not vary significantly between patient groups. Mean follow-up was 767.6 weeks, and all reconstructions were unilateral. Nineteen (26.4%) patients had at least one complication, most commonly minor infections (9.7%). Overall complication rates were not significantly different between flap groups (P = 0.083). Wound dehiscence was significantly higher in the abdominal group (P = 0.045), and fat necrosis also trended higher in this group (P = 0.085). Major infection trended higher in the latissimus group (P = 0.069). CONCLUSIONS: When comparing outcomes of salvage flap-based reconstruction in radiated breast tissue, overall complication rates were similar when comparing postoperative outcomes between the LD- and abdominal-based flaps. Wound dehiscence was significantly higher when salvage reconstruction used an abdominal flap. Understanding the complications after salvage procedures can help inform decision making and optimize patient care to improve outcomes after breast reconstruction in the radiated breast.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Humanos , Mastectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 229, 2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery Surgical Programs were initially applied to colorectal procedures and used as multimodal approach to relieve the response to surgical stress. An important factor that negatively impacts the success of these programs is the poor tolerance of these patients to certain items in the adopted protocol, especially with regard to post-operative measures. The identification of these factors may help to increase the success rate of such programs, ensuring that benefits reach a greater number of patients and that resources are better allocated. Thus, the aims of this study were to assess the results of the implementation of a Simplified Accelerated Recovery Protocol (SARP) and to identify possible factors associated with failure to implement postoperative protocol measures in patients submitted to laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: 161 patients were randomly divided into two groups. The SARP group (n = 84) was submitted to the accelerated recovery program and the CC group (n = 77), to conventional postoperative care. The SARP group was further divided into two subgroups: patients who tolerated the protocol (n = 51) and those who did not (n = 33), in order to analyze factors contributing to protocol nontolerance. RESULTS: The groups had similar sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. The SARP group had a shorter hospital stay, better elimination of flatus, was able to walk and to tolerate a diet sooner (p < 0.0001). Complications rates and readmissions to emergency room were similar between groups. Multivariate analysis revealed that prolonged operating time, stoma creation and rates of surgical complications were independently associated with poor adherence to SARP (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The use of our SARP resulted in improved recovery from laparoscopic colorectal surgery and proved to be safe for patients. Extensive surgeries, occurrence of complications, and the need for ostomy were variables associated with poor program adhesion. Trial registration Trial Registry: RBR2b4fyr-Date of registration: 03 October 2017.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
20.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 116(2 Suppl): 5-15, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963690

RESUMO

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women worldwide. In Germany, in almost 70% of cases, women require a complete mastectomy and wish for breast reconstruction which is especially difficult when the breast was previously irradiated. The DIEP flap is then the gold standard for autologous breast reconstruction and shows an overall low complication rate. This study aims to underline the safety of the procedure yet point out potential risk factors for flap edge and fat necrosis in a retrospective series of 1274 DIEP flaps in our center. Patients and Methods: 1274 autologous breast reconstructions with the DIEP flap were performed in 1124 patients between July 2004 and December 2014 in our department. Retrospective risk factor analysis included age, BMI, smoking, chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy and comorbidities. Mean follow-up constituted out of 24 months. Results: Out of 1274 free DIEP flap breast reconstructions, 150 were bilateral reconstructions. In 785 cases the primary indication was previous mastectomy, followed by prior implant-based reconstruction in 265 cases. The total flap loss rate was 0.6%. Patients with a higher BMI and smokers had significantly higher complication rates than the rest of the cohort. Elderly patients ( 65 years), patients with diabetes and ones who had undergone chemo-/ radiotherapy did not present with higher complication rates. Conclusions: The DIEP flap surgery is a well-established method for autologous breast reconstruction with a low complication rate. Yet patient characteristics in terms of risk factors need to be taken into account for result prognosis and satisfactory long-term reconstructive results.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Retalho Perfurante , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Mamoplastia/efeitos adversos , Mastectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
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