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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22421, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery develops rapidly in both elective and emergency settings. The study aimed to determine the role of different laparoscopic methods for the emergency treatment of complicated diverticulitis. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded, and the Cochrane database were searched up to November 2019 to identify all published articles related to the topic. Statistical analysis was performed using Stata 15. RESULTS: Fourteen publications were included in the analysis. Laparoscopic surgery was applied in 425 patients, and 493 patients underwent open colon resection (OCR). Postoperative mortality, morbidity, severe complications, and reoperation rates were not significantly different between the laparoscopic and open surgery groups. Subgroup analysis was performed based on the different laparoscopic methods (laparoscopic colon resection [LCR] and laparoscopic lavage and drainage [LLD]). Subgroup analysis indicated that LCR was superior to OCR in terms of morbidity, while OCR was superior to LLD in terms of severe complications. CONCLUSIONS: The safety of laparoscopic surgery for the emergency treatment of complicated diverticulitis is related to different surgical methods. LCR is suggested to be a better choice according to the postoperative outcomes. More definite conclusions can be drawn in future randomized controlled trials.


Assuntos
Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22431, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this analysis, we aimed to systematically compare the procedural and post-operative complications (POC) associated with laparoscopic versus open abdominal surgery for right-sided colonic cancer resection. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Central, and Google scholar for English studies comparing the POC in patients who underwent laparoscopic versus open surgery (OS) for right colonic cancer. Data were assessed by the Cochrane-based RevMan 5.4 software (The Cochrane Community, London, UK). Mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to represent the results for continuous variables, whereas risk ratios (RR) with 95% CIs were used for dichotomous data. RESULTS: Twenty-six studies involving a total number of 3410 participants with right colonic carcinoma were included in this analysis. One thousand five hundred and fifteen participants were assigned to undergo invasive laparoscopic surgery whereas 1895 participants were assigned to the open abdominal surgery. Our results showed that the open resection was associated with a shorter length of surgery (MD: 48.63, 95% CI: 30.15-67.12; P = .00001) whereas laparoscopic intervention was associated with a shorter hospital stay [MD (-3.09), 95% CI [-5.82 to (-0.37)]; P = .03]. In addition, POC such as anastomotic leak (RR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.60-1.55; P = .88), abdominal abscess (RR: 1.13, 95% CI: 0.52-2.49; P = .75), pulmonary embolism (RR: 0.40, 95% CI: 0.09-1.69; P = .21) and deep vein thrombosis (RR: 0.94, 95% CI: 0.39-2.28; P = .89) were not significantly different. Paralytic ileus (RR: 0.87, 95% CI: 0.67-1.11; P = .26), intra-abdominal infection (RR: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.15-4.48; P = .82), pulmonary complications (RR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.57-1.20; P = .32), cardiac complications (RR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.42-1.27; P = .27) and urological complications (RR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.52-1.33; P = .44) were also similarly manifested. Our analysis also showed 30-day re-admission and re-operation, and mortality to be similar between laparoscopic versus OS for right colonic carcinoma resection. However, surgical wound infection (RR: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.50-0.86; P = .002) was significantly higher with the OS. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, laparoscopic surgery was almost comparable to OS in terms of post-operative outcomes for right-sided colonic cancer resection and was not associated with higher unwanted outcomes. Therefore, laparoscopic intervention should be considered as safe as the open abdominal surgery for right-sided colonic cancer resection, with a decreased hospital stay.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia
3.
Ann Surg ; 272(4): e275-e279, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical course of a consecutive series of patients operated of urgent cardiac surgery during COVID-19 outbreak. BACKGROUND: In Italy, COVID outbreak has mostly occurred in the metropolitan area of Milan, and in the surrounding region of Lombardy, and previously "conventional" hospitals were converted into COVID spokes to increase ICU beds availability, and to allow only urgent CS procedures. METHODS: Among urgent CS patients (left main stenosis with unstable angina, acute endocarditis, valvular regurgitation with impending heart failure), 10 patients (mean age = 57 ± 9 years), despite a negative admission triage, developed COVID-pneumonia postoperatively, at a median of 7 days after CS. RESULTS: Patients showed typical lymphopenia, higher prothrombotic profile, and higher markers of inflammation (ferritin and interleukin-6 values). At the zenith of pulmonary distress, patients presented with severe hypoxia (median PaO2/FIO2 ratio = 116), requiring advanced noninvasive ventilation (Venturi mask and continuous positive airway pressure) in the majority of cases. All patients were treated with hydroxychloroquine, azithromycin, and low-molecular-weight heparin at anticoagulant dose. Overall in-hospital mortality was 10% (1/10), peaking 25% in patients who developed COVID pneumonia immediately after CS. The remaining patients, with late infection, were all discharged home without oxygen support, at a median of 25 days after symptom onset. CONCLUSIONS: As postoperative mortality in case of COVID pneumonia is not negligible, meticulous rules (precise triage, safe hospital path, high level of protection for health-care teams, prompt diagnosis of suspicious symptoms) should be strictly followed in patients undergoing CS during COVID pandemic. The role of therapies alternative to CS should be further assessed.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Emergências , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Medição de Risco
4.
Rozhl Chir ; 99(7): 316-322, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972150

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Decompressive craniectomy is an important method for managing refractory intracranial hypertension. Although decompressive craniectomy is a relatively simple procedure, various complications may arise. The aim of our paper was to determine the incidence of complications of decompressive craniectomy in patients with head injury and to analyse their risk factors. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed a group of 94 patients after decompressive craniectomy for head injury between 01 Jan 2014 and 31 Dec 2018. Postoperative complications were evaluated based on clinical examination and postoperative CT scan. The impact of potential risk factors on the occurrence of complications was assessed (age, worse initial clinical condition, any haemocoagulation disorder). RESULTS: Twenty patients died within the first month after surgery. Control CT scan showed one complication in 78 patients (83%), while 46 patients (49%) had more than one complication. We had to reoperate 22 patients (23.4%) due to a complication. The following complications were found: postoperative acute subgaleal/subdural haematoma (30× - 32%), subgaleal/subdural cerebrospinal fluid effusion (29× - 31%), soft tissues oedema (29× - 31%), haemorrhagic progression of brain contusion (17× - 18%), malignant brain oedema (8× - 8.5%), hydrocephalus (8× - 8.5%), temporal muscle atrophy (7× - 7.5%), peroperative massive bleeding ( 6× - 6.4%), epilepsy (4× - 4.3%), syndrome of the trephined (2× - 2.1%), skin necrosis (2× - 2.1%). Patients with a haemocoagulation disorder had a significantly higher incidence of complications (p=0.01). CONCLUSION: Complications of decompressive craniectomy after head injury are frequent. The potential benefit of decompressive craniectomy can be adversely affected by the occurrence of many complications.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/complicações , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/cirurgia , Craniectomia Descompressiva/efeitos adversos , Derrame Subdural/cirurgia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1113-1121, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862675

RESUMO

AIMS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the mortality, morbidity, and functional outcomes of cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty in the treatment of intracapsular hip fractures, analyzing contemporary and non-contemporary implants separately. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library were searched to 2 February 2020 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the primary outcome, mortality, and secondary outcomes of function, quality of life, reoperation, postoperative complications, perioperative outcomes, pain, and length of hospital stay. Relative risks (RRs) and mean differences (with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)) were used as summary association measures. RESULTS: A total of 18 studies corresponding to 16 non-overlapping RCTs with a total of 2,819 intracapsular hip fractures were included. Comparing contemporary cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty, RRs (95% CIs) for mortality were 1.32 (0.44 to 3.99) perioperatively, 1.01 (0.48 to 2.10) at 30 days, and 0.90 (0.71 to 1.15) at one year. The use of contemporary cemented hemiarthroplasty reduced the risk of intra- and postoperative periprosthetic fracture. There were no significant differences in the risk of other complications, function, pain, and quality of life. There were no significant differences in perioperative outcomes except for increases in operating time and overall anaesthesia for contemporary cemented hemiarthroplasty with mean differences (95% CIs) of 6.67 (2.65 to 10.68) and 4.90 (2.02 to 7.78) minutes, respectively. The morbidity and mortality outcomes were not significantly different between non-contemporary cemented and uncemented hemiarthroplasty. CONCLUSION: There are no differences in the risk of mortality when comparing the use of contemporary cemented with uncemented hemiarthroplasty in the management of intracapsular hip fractures. Contemporary cemented hemiarthroplasty is associated with a substantially lower risk of intraoperative and periprosthetic fractures. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1113-1121.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos , Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1146-1150, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862677

RESUMO

AIMS: Previous research has demonstrated increased early complication rates following total hip arthroplasty (THA) in obese patients, as defined by body mass index (BMI). Subcutaneous fat depth (FD) has been shown to be an independent risk factor for wound infection in cervical and lumbar spine surgery, as well as after abdominal laparotomy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether increased peritrochanteric FD was associated with an increased risk of complications in the first year following THA. METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected data on a consecutive series of 1,220 primary THAs from June 2013 until May 2018. The vertical soft tissue depth from the most prominent part of the greater trochanter to the skin was measured intraoperatively using a sterile ruler and recorded to the nearest millimetre. BMI was calculated at the patient's preoperative assessment. All surgical complications occuring within the initial 12 months of follow-up were identified. RESULTS: Females had a significantly greater FD at the greater trochanter in comparison to males (median 3.0 cm (interquartile range (IQR) 2.3 to 4.0) vs 2.0 cm (IQR 1.7 to 3.0); p < 0.001) despite equivalent BMI between sexes (male median BMI 30.0 kg/m2 (IQR 27.0 to 33.0); female median 29.0 kg/m2 (IQR 25.0 to 33.0)). FD showed a weak correlation with BMI (R² 0.41 males and R² 0.43 females). Patients with the greatest FD (upper quartile) were at no greater risk of complications compared with patients with the lowest FD (lower quartile); 7/311 (2.3%) vs 9/439 (2.1%); p = 0.820 . Conversely, patients with the highest BMI (≥ 40 kg/m2) had a significantly increased risk of complications compared with patients with lower BMI (< 40 kg/m2); 5/60 (8.3% vs 18/1,160 (1.6%), odds ratio (OR) 5.77 (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.1 to 16.1; p = 0.001)). CONCLUSION: We found no relationship between peritrochanteric FD and the risk of surgical complications following primary THA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1146-1150.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Gordura Subcutânea/anatomia & histologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
7.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1167-1175, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862686

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this prospective multicentre study was to describe trends in length of stay and early complications and readmissions following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) performed at eight different centres in Denmark using a fast-track protocol and to compare the length of stay between centres with high and low utilization of UKA. METHODS: We included data from eight dedicated fast-track centres, all reporting UKAs to the same database, between 2010 and 2018. Complete ( > 99%) data on length of stay, 90-day readmission, and mortality were obtained during the study period. Specific reasons for a length of stay of > two days, length of stay > four days, and 30- and 90-day readmission were recorded. The use of UKA in the different centres was dichotomized into ≥ 20% versus < 20% of arthroplasties which were undertaken being UKAs, and ≥ 52 UKAs versus < 52 UKAs being undertaken annually. RESULTS: A total of 3,927 procedures were included. Length of stay (mean 1.1 days (SD 1.1), median 1 (IQR 0 to 1)) was unchanged during the study period. The proportion of procedures with a length of stay > two days was also largely unchanged during this time. The percentage of patients discharged on the day of surgery varied greatly between centres (0% to 50% (0 to 481)), with centres with high UKA utilization (both usage and volume) having a larger proportion of same-day discharges. The 30- and 90-day readmissions were 166 (4.2%) and 272 (6.9%), respectively; the 90-day mortality was 0.08% (n = 3). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest general underutilization of the potential for quicker recovery following UKA in a fast-track setup. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1167-1175.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Idoso , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21676, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872035

RESUMO

Hip fractures in older patients requiring dialysis are associated with high mortality. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the specific burden of dialysis on 30-day mortality following hip fracture surgery. The secondary aim was to determine the burden of dialysis on overall survival as well as several postoperative complications.A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from the Korean National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients were aged ≥65 years and underwent hip fracture surgery during the period from 2009 to 2015. To construct a matched cohort, each dialysis patient was matched to 4 non-dialysis patients based on age, sex, hospital type, anesthesia type, and comorbidities. Survival status was determined 30 days after surgery and at the end of the study period.In total, 96,289 patients were identified. Among them, 1614 dialysis patients were included and matched to 6198 non-dialysis patients. During the 30-day postoperative period, there were 102 mortality events in the dialysis group and 127 in the non-dialysis group, for an adjusted hazard ratio of 3.12 (95% confidence interval, 2.42-4.09). Overall, by the end of the study period, there were 1120 mortality events in the dialysis group and 2731 in the non-dialysis group, for an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.97 (95% confidence interval, 1.83-2.1). These findings may be limited by the characteristics of the administrative database.The 30-day mortality rate was 3-fold higher in the dialysis group than in the non-dialysis group, while the overall mortality rate was approximately 2-fold higher in the dialysis group than in the non-dialysis group. These findings suggest that caution in the perioperative period is required in dialysis patients undergoing hip fracture surgery. The results of our study represent only an association between dialysis and mortality. Further studies are necessary to investigate the possible causal effect of dialysis on mortality and complications after hip fracture surgery.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Diálise Renal/mortalidade , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
9.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 194, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested differences in postoperative outcomes between patients with obesity and those without following adrenalectomy, but these remained to be ascertained with synthesis of available evidence. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the association between obesity and outcomes of patients after laparoscopic adrenalectomy. METHODS: We searched EMBASE, PubMed, Global Index Medicus, and Web of Science, without language restriction, to identify cohort studies published between January 1, 2000 and November 6, 2019. We considered studies with data comparing outcomes of adults with and without obesity after laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool study-specific estimates. This review was registered with PROSPERO, CRD42018117070. RESULTS: Five studies with data on a pooled sample of 353 patients with obesity and 828 without were included in the meta-analysis. The risk of bias was moderate to low. We found no association between obesity and the various stages of postoperative complications: Clavien-Dindo grade 1 (OR = 1.57; 95%CI = 0.55-4.48; I2 = 44.6%), grade 2 (OR = 1.12; 95%CI = 0.54-2.32; I2 = 0.0%), grade 3 (OR = 1.79; 95%CI = 0.58-5.47; I2 = 0.0%;), grade 4 (OR = 0.43; 95%CI = 0.05-3.71; I2 = 0.0%), and grade 5 (death) (OR = 0.43; 95% CI = 0.02-14.31). Furthermore, no association was found between obesity and readmission rates (OR = 0.7; 95% CI = 0.13-3.62) and conversion of laparoscopic to open surgery (OR = 0.62; 95% CI = 0.16-2.34; I2 = 19.5%). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that obesity is not associated with complications following laparoscopic adrenalectomy. This meta-analysis might have been underpowered to detect a true association between obesity and patient outcome after laparoscopic adrenalectomy due to the small number of included studies. Larger studies are needed to clarify the role of obesity in patients undergoing laparoscopic adrenalectomy.


Assuntos
Adrenalectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Adulto , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21729, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872056

RESUMO

To evaluate the safety and efficacy [intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect and medication use] of a single trabecular microbypass stent (iStent; Glaukos Corp, San Clemente, CA) for medically controlled open-angle glaucoma.This retrospective case series included 42 eyes of 34 patients with medically controlled open-angle glaucoma with IOP less than 21 mm Hg. Clinical outcomes analyzed were IOP, medication use, corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), and surgical complications. Surgical success was defined according to 4 criteria: IOP < 21 mm Hg without medication; IOP < 18 mm Hg without medication; IOP < 15 mm Hg without medications; and IOP < 18 mm Hg with or without medication. Patients were followed for a minimum of 6 months postoperatively.Mean IOP was reduced from 15.8 ±â€Š2.8 mm Hg to 14.5 ±â€Š2.8 mm Hg (P < .001), while mean number of medications decreased from 2.2 ±â€Š1.2 to 0.8 ±â€Š1.1 at final visit (P < .001). Surgical success rates were 78.6%, 61.9%, 57.1%, and 97.6% at 6 months and 78.6%, 59.5%, 52.4%, and 95.2% at final visits according to criteria A, B, C, and D. Meanwhile, 59.5% of patients were medication-free at their final visit. The relative risk of surgical failure by Criteria B and C was 4.337 (95% confidence interval: 1.799-10.454) and 3.717 (95% confidence interval: 1.516-9.116) times greater in the higher-medication group (3 or more preoperative medications), respectively. CDVA was significantly improved from 0.41 ±â€Š0.10 to 0.09 ±â€Š0.07 LogMAR in the combined phacoemulsification and iStent implantation group (P < .001). There was no case whose vision was threatened (vision loss of 2 or more lines) or who showed severe complications after surgery.Single trabecular microbypass stent implantation was effective in reducing IOP and medication usage in patients with open-angle glaucoma with a low preoperative IOP. Our results imply that it is more difficult to achieve low target IOP control in eyes with higher numbers of preoperative medications.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Implantação de Prótese/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/instrumentação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Implantação de Prótese/instrumentação , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Acuidade Visual
11.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5343-5349, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The present study aimed to examine the association of the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score with outcomes in patients undergoing esophagectomy for esophageal cancer (EC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was carried out to investigate the impact of the CONUT score in EC. Next, meta-analysis of long-term outcomes was performed. RESULTS: The search found six eligible retrospective studies, and five studies with 952 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis found a significant association of the CONUT score with outcomes including overall survival [hazard ratio (HR)=2.51, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.75-3.60, p<0.001], cancer-specific survival (HR=2.60, 95%CI=1.53-4.41, p<0.001), and recurrence free survival (HR=2.08, 95%CI=1.39-3.12, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The CONUT score may be an independent predictor associated with prognosis in patients undergoing esophagectomy for EC. However, further studies are needed to clarify the association of the CONUT score with postoperative outcomes in EC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
12.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 47: e20202528, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901706

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the impact of probable sarcopenia (PS) on the survival of oncological patients submitted to major surgeries. METHOD: prospective cohort bicentrical study enrolling adult oncological patients submitted to major surgeries at Cancer Hospital and Santa Casa de Misericordia in Cuiabá-MT. The main endpoint was the verification of postoperative death. Demographic and clinical data was collected. PS was defined as the presence of 1) sarcopenia risk assessed by SARC-F questionnaire and 2) low muscle strength measured by dynamometry. The cumulative mortality rate was calculated for patients with either PS or non PS using Kaplan Meier curve. The univariate and multivariate Cox regression model was used to evaluate the association of mortality with various investigated confounding variables. RESULTS: a total of 220 patients with a mean (SD) age of 58.7±14.0 years old, 60.5% males participated of the study. Patients with PS had higher risk to postoperative death (RR=5.35 95%CI 1.95-14.66; p=0,001) and for infectious complications (RR=2.45 95%CI 1.12-5.33; p=0.036). The 60 days mean survival was shorter for patients with PS: 44 (IQR=32-37) vs 58 (IQR=56-59) days (log rank <0,001). The Cox multivariate regression showed that PS was an independent risk factor (HR=5.8 95%CI 1.49-22.58; p=0.011) for mortality. CONCLUSION: patients bearing PS submitted to major oncological surgery have less probability of short term survival and preoperative PS is an independent risk for postoperative mortality.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/cirurgia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sarcopenia/mortalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
Pediatrics ; 146(4)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32973120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status (SES) has emerged as an important risk factor for higher short-term mortality and neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related anomalies; yet little is known about how SES affects these outcomes over the long-term. METHODS: We linked data from the Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial to US Census Bureau data to analyze the relationship of neighborhood SES tertiles with mortality and transplantation, neurodevelopment, quality of life, and functional status at 5 and 6 years post-Norwood procedure (N = 525). Cox proportional hazards regression and linear regression were used to assess the association of SES with mortality and neurodevelopmental outcomes, respectively. RESULTS: Patients in the lowest SES tertile were more likely to be racial minorities, older at stage 2 and Fontan procedures, and to have more complications and fewer cardiac catheterizations over follow-up (all P < .05) compared with patients in higher SES tertiles. Unadjusted mortality was highest for patients in the lowest SES tertile and lowest in the highest tertile (41% vs 29%, respectively; log-rank P = .027). Adjustment for patient birth and Norwood factors attenuated these differences slightly (P = .055). Patients in the lowest SES tertile reported lower functional status and lower fine motor, problem-solving, adaptive behavior, and communication skills at 6 years (all P < .05). These differences persisted after adjustment for baseline and post-Norwood factors. Quality of life did not differ by SES. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, those with low SES have worse neurodevelopmental and functional status outcomes at 6 years. These differences were not explained by other patient or clinical characteristics.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/cirurgia , Classe Social , Cateterismo Cardíaco/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Técnica de Fontan/mortalidade , Técnica de Fontan/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante de Coração/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/complicações , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/etnologia , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/mortalidade , Renda , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Ocupações , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Qualidade de Vida , Características de Residência , Resultado do Tratamento , Coração Univentricular/mortalidade , Coração Univentricular/cirurgia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e21786, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957307

RESUMO

The present study is a retrospective cohort study. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of clinical findings that has been shown to increase the risk of the surgical outcomes. Our study aimed to evaluate whether MetS was a risk factor for increased perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF).We retrospectively analyzed patients over 18 years following elective posterior lumbar spine fusion from January 2014 to December 2018. Emergency procedures, infections, tumor, fracture, and revision surgeries were excluded. Patients were divided into 2 groups with and without MetS. The MetS was defined by having 3 of the following 4 criteria: obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg/m), dyslipidemia, hypertension, and diabetes. The follow-up period lasted up to 30 days after surgery. The outcomes of demographics, comorbidities, perioperative complications, and length of stay were compared between the 2 groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify perioperative outcomes that were independently associated with MetS.The overall prevalence of MetS was 12.5% (360/2880). Patients with MetS was a significantly higher risk factor for perioperative complications, and longer length of stay cmpared with patients without MetS (P < .05). The MetS group had a higher rate of cardiac complications (P = .019), pulmonary complication (P = .035), pneumonia (P = .026), cerebrovascular event (P = .023), urinary tract infection (P = .018), postoperative ICU admission (P = .02), and deep vein thrombosis (P = .029) than non-MetS group. The patients with MetS had longer hospital stays than the patients without MetS (22.16 vs 19.99 days, P < .001). Logistic regression analysis revealed that patients with MetS were more likely to experience perioperative complications (odds ratio [OR] 1.31; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06-2.07; P < .001), and extend the length of stay (OR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.25-2028; P = .001).The MetS is a significant risk factor for increased perioperative complications, and extend length of stay after PLIF. Strategies to minimize the adverse effect of MetS should be considered for these patients.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e21973, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957316

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to review relevant studies in order to determine the efficacy of decompression with fusion versus decompression in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: Using appropriate keywords, we identified relevant studies using PubMed, the Cochrane library, and Embase. Key pertinent sources in the literature were also reviewed, and all articles published through October 2019 were considered for inclusion. For each study, we used odds ratios, mean difference (MD), and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) to assess and synthesize outcomes. RESULTS: We found 13 studies that were consistent with this meta-analysis with a total of 29066 patients. Compared with decompression, decompression with fusion significantly increased the incidence of complications (RR: 1.41, 95%CI: 1.26-1.57), the length of hospital stay (WMD: 1.868, 95%CI: 1.394-2.343), operative time (WMD: 80.399, 95%CI: 44.397-116.401), estimated blood loss (WMD: 309.356, 95%CI: 98.008-520.704) and Zurich claudication questionnaire in symptom severity (WMD: 0.200, 95%CI: 0.006-0.394). The reoperation rate was lower in the decompression with fusion group than the decompression group but without significant difference (RR: 0.91, 95%CI: 0.82-1.00). There was no significant difference between 2 groups in visual analog scale (leg pain and back pain), ODI, Short Form 36 Health Survey physical component summary, Short Form 36 Health Survey mental component summary, and Zurich claudication questionnaire physical function. CONCLUSION: Decompression with fusion has no significant clinical advantages in treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis when compared with decompression.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Reoperação
16.
Am Surg ; 86(8): 1005-1009, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997953

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Interteam performance and Clavien-Dindo (C-D) complications in renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava thrombectomy (RCC-IVCT) have not been reported. We aimed to describe complications by the degree of complexity and surgical teams in a collaborative effort between a National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center and a Quaternary Care Teaching Hospital. METHODS: Between January 2011 and May 2019, 73 consecutive RCC-IVCT were included. C-D grades III or higher were captured. Teams involved were urologic-oncology, vascular, hepatobiliary/transplant, and cardiothoracic. The Mayo Clinic tumor thrombus classification was used. RESULTS: Overall complication rate was 42% (n = 31). Nineteen percent had grade III, 18% had grade IV, and 6% had grade V complications. Patients with level IV thrombus had the highest in-hospital mortality rate (75%). Thrombus level did not show a correlation to complication rates (14% level I, 45% level II, 32% level III, 42% level IV). A positive correlation found between the number of teams involved and complication rates (35% with 2-team, 59% with 3-team, P = .059). Thromboembolic events (6% vs 24%, P = .02) and disposition other than home (22% vs 48%, P = .01) were statistically lower for the 2-team groups. Two-team in-hospital mortality was 1/51 (2%) versus 3-team (3/22,14%, (P = .07). No statistical differences were found in infections, thromboembolic events, and grades of complications between surgical teams. CONCLUSIONS: Despite similar interteam performance, the consistency of surgeons in high complexity cases could improve outcomes further. Complexity was higher for hepatobiliary/transplant and cardiothoracic teams. A combination of intraoperative events and patient selection (comorbidities and age) contributed to death. Overall, in-hospital mortality was lower than in most reported series.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/complicações , Neoplasias Renais/complicações , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Trombectomia , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Institutos de Câncer , Florida , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombose Venosa/etiologia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21714, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872051

RESUMO

Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality, yet it is inconsistently defined, preventing accurate estimation of its incidence and identification of risk factors. Here we began to explore a unified definition of PPH that may be valid for vaginal delivery and cesarean section.Medical records of women who underwent vaginal delivery or cesarean section at our tertiary medical center between January and December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients who delivered by each route were compared in terms of PPH incidence and risk factors depending on different blood loss cut-off values.A total of 560 vaginal deliveries and 393 cesarean sections were analyzed. Vaginal deliveries were associated with significantly greater blood loss based on change of hemoglobin level, but significantly lower blood loss based on clinical estimation. When PPH was defined as blood loss ≥500 ml based on change of hemoglobin level, its incidence was 57.7% for vaginal deliveries and 28.2% for cesarean sections. The corresponding incidences were 15.4% and 3.3% when PPH was defined as blood loss ≥1000 ml based on change of hemoglobin levels. Independent risk factors for PPH in vaginal deliveries were lateral perineotomy (OR 2.835, 95%CI 1.694-4.743), suturing by a junior physician (OR 3.456, 95%CI 2.005-5.956), and long time from delivery of placenta to return to the recovery room (OR 1.013, 95%CI 1.003-1.022). A risk factor for PPH in cesarean sections was a long time from delivery of the fetus until the end of the operation.PPH is a significantly underestimated obstetric problem, especially in vaginal deliveries. Regardless of delivery route, hemoglobin-based blood loss of 500 ml and 1000 ml may be useful, respectively, as early warning and diagnostic cut-off values.


Assuntos
Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Adulto , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Terminologia como Assunto
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e20798, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) could take on a vital position when angiographic images are not clear enough to be precisely visualized or measured by computer-aided technology. This meta-analysis was designed to compare the benefits of IVUS-guided and angiography-guided percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) strategies for improving clinical outcomes. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched for articles published from inception to 13th October, 2019. A comparative study of IVUS-guided and angiography-guided PCI strategies for patients with coronary bifurcation lesions was retrieved. The early endpoint events (≤1 year) and the late endpoint events (>1 years) were determined according to the follow-up time. The former included cardiac death, target lesion or vessel revascularization, stent thrombus, and major adverse cardiac events, while the latter included cardiac death. Statistical software Review Manager Version 5.3 was performed for meta-analysis. RESULTS: Five studies involving7,830 patients with coronary bifurcation lesions were included in this meta-analysis, the incidence of major adverse cardiac events for IVUS-guided strategy in patients with coronary bifurcation lesions were lower than those of patients with angiography-guided strategy at the early follow-up(OR = 0.55, 95% CI 0.42 - 0.70, P < .0001).Meanwhile, cardiac death, target vessel or target lesion revascularization, stent thrombosis were not statistically significant(OR = 0.68, 95% CI 0.34 - 1.35, P = .27; OR = 0.78, 95% CI 0.59 - 1.05, P = .10; OR = 0.36, 95% CI 0.12-1.04, P = .06).However, significant differences in cardiac death between IVUS-guided and angiographic-guided strategies were observed in the late follow - up (OR = 0.36, 95% CI 0.23 - 0.57, P < .00001). CONCLUSION: The IVUS-guided PCI strategy was associated with more clinical benefits compared with angiography-guided PCI strategy in patients with coronary bifurcation lesions. These findings suggest that the IVUS-guided PCI strategy can be recommended as an optimization in this kind of patients.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Stents/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/efeitos adversos
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22096, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adverse outcomes after unilateral vs bilateral breast reconstruction involve an unknown level of risk that warrants thorough investigation. METHODS: To address this research need, PubMed, Ovid, Medline, EMBASE, and Scopus databases were searched through systematically from January 1, 1990, to January 1, 2019 to retrieve the relevant studies on the risk of postoperative complications after unilateral vs bilateral abdominal flap breast reconstruction. According to the pre-designed inclusion criteria, available data were extracted from the relevant studies, and then analyzed comparatively in order to identify the relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) applying either a random or a fixed effects model. RESULTS: Eventually, 20 studies involving 8122 female subjects met the inclusion criteria. It was found that unilateral reconstruction involved a significantly higher risk of flap loss (RR: 1.56, 95% CI: 1.21-2.00; P < .05) and fat necrosis (RR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.23-2.09; P < .05) compared to bilateral reconstruction, while bilateral reconstruction involved a greater risk of abdominal hernia/bulge (RR: 1.67, 95% CI: 1.25-2.24; P < .05). The risk was found to be higher following bilateral free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (fTRAM) flaps in comparison with deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flaps (RR: 2.62, 95% CI: 1.33-5.15; P < .05). CONCLUSION: The risk of postoperative flap complications in unilateral breast reconstruction is significantly higher than that in bilateral reconstruction. Contrarily, the abdominal complications were significantly higher in the bilateral group vs the unilateral group. Meanwhile, the risk of abdominal hernia/bulge complication after bilateral breast reconstruction was significantly higher with fTRAM vs DIEP. Therefore, DIEP flaps are recommended in priority for bilateral breast reconstruction, unless specifically contraindicated.


Assuntos
Mamoplastia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22158, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain management after the total joint arthroplasty is still challenging, but worthy of attention, because good pain management can improve the outcomes of patient. It is still controversial whether fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) can effectively decrease the opioid consumption and pain after total hip replacement (THR) owing to the number of published investigations is small. The purpose of this present study is to assess the efficacy and safety of FICB for postoperative analgesia after THR. METHODS: This is a single center, placebo-controlled randomized trial which is performed in accordance with the SPIRIT Checklist for randomized studies. It was authorized via the Chifeng Municipal Hospital institutional review committee (H2020-19-8). 100 patients undergoing THR will be included in this study. Patients are randomly divided into 2 groups: FICB group or Non-FICB group, FICB with 5mgmL of epinephrine and 40 mL of ropivacaine 0.2%. Primary outcomes are pain score at different time point. Visual analog scale is used to assess the pain (10: the maximum possible pain and 0: absent pain). The secondary outcomes are the postoperative complications, length of hospital stay and total consumption of opioid. All the needed analyses are implemented through utilizing SPSS for Windows Version 15.0. RESULTS: Figure 1 will show the primary and secondary outcomes. CONCLUSION: This trial can provide an evidence for the use of FICB for analgesia after THR.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Epinefrina/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Ropivacaina/administração & dosagem
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