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1.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1292-1299, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564146

RESUMO

AIMS: This study explores data quality in operation type and fracture classification recorded as part of a large research study and a national audit with an independent review. PATIENTS AND METHODS: At 17 centres, an expert surgeon reviewed a randomly selected subset of cases from their centre with regard to fracture classification using the AO system and type of operation performed. Agreement for these variables was then compared with the data collected during conduct of the World Hip Trauma Evaluation (WHiTE) cohort study. Both types of surgery and fracture classification were collapsed to identify the level of detail of reporting that achieved meaningful agreement. In the National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD), the types of operation and fracture classification were explored to identify the proportion of "highly improbable" combinations. RESULTS: The records were reviewed for 903 cases. Agreement for the subtypes of extracapsular fracture was poor; most centres achieved no better than "fair" agreement. When the classification was collapsed to a single option for "extracapsular" fracture, only four centres failed to have at least "moderate" agreement. There was only "moderate" agreement for the subtypes of intracapsular fracture, which improved to "substantial" when collapsed to "intracapsular". Subtrochanteric fracture types were well reported with "substantial" agreement. There was near "perfect" agreement for internal fixation procedures. "Perfect" or "substantial" agreement was achieved when the type of arthroplasty surgery was reported at the level of "hemiarthroplasty" and "total hip replacement". When reviewing data submitted to the NHFD, a minimum of 5.2% of cases contained "highly improbable" procedures for the stated fracture classification. CONCLUSION: The complexity of collecting fracture classification data at a national scale compromises the accuracy with which detailed classification systems can be reported. Data around type of surgery performed show similar tendencies. Data capture, reporting, and interpretation in future studies must take this into account. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1292-1299.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Hemiartroplastia/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/classificação , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Inglaterra , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Consolidação da Fratura/fisiologia , Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Auditoria Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Reoperação/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , País de Gales
2.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1272-1279, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564147

RESUMO

AIMS: To compare complication-related reoperation rates following primary arthroplasty for proximal humerus fractures (PHFs) versus secondary arthroplasty for failed open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified patients aged 50 years and over, who sustained a PHF between 2004 and 2015, from linkable datasets. We used intervention codes to identify patients treated with initial ORIF or arthroplasty, and those treated with ORIF who returned for revision arthroplasty within two years. We used multilevel logistic regression to compare reoperations between groups. RESULTS: We identified 1624 patients who underwent initial arthroplasty for PHF, and 98 patients who underwent secondary arthroplasty following failed ORIF. In total, 72 patients (4.4%) in the primary arthroplasty group had a reoperation within two years following arthroplasty, compared with 19 patients (19.4%) in the revision arthroplasty group. This difference was significantly different (p < 0.001) after covariable adjustment. CONCLUSION: The number of reoperations following arthroplasty for failed ORIF of PHF is significantly higher compared with primary arthroplasty. This suggests that primary arthroplasty may be a better choice for patients whose prognostic factors suggest a high reoperation rate following ORIF. Prospective clinical studies are required to confirm these findings. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1272-1279.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro/efeitos adversos , Redução Aberta/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Idoso , Artroplastia do Ombro/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Redução Aberta/métodos , Medição da Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fraturas do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1209-1217, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564156

RESUMO

AIMS: There is an increasing demand for hip arthroplasty in China. We aimed to describe trends in in-hospital mortality after this procedure in China and to examine the potential risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 210 450 patients undergoing primary hip arthroplasty registered in the Hospital Quality Monitoring System in China between 2013 and 2016. In-hospital mortality after hip arthroplasty and its relation to potential risk factors were assessed using multivariable Poisson regression. RESULTS: During the study period, 626 inpatient deaths occurred within 30 days after hip arthroplasty. Mortality decreased from 2.9% in 2013 to 2.6% in 2016 (p for trend = 0.02). Compared with their counterparts, old age, male sex, and divorced or widowed patients had a higher rate of mortality (all p < 0.05). Risk ratio (RR) for mortality after arthroplasty for fracture was two-fold higher (RR 2.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5 to 2.6) than that for chronic disease. RRs for mortality were 3.3 (95% CI 2.7 to 3.9) and 8.2 (95% CI 6.5 to 10.4) for patients with Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) of 1 to 2 and CCI ≥ 3, respectively, compared with patients with CCI of 0. The rate of mortality varied according to geographical region, the lowest being in the East region (1.8%), followed by Beijing (2.1%), the North (2.9%), South-West (3.6%), South-Central (3.8%), North-East (4.1%), and North-West (5.2%) regions. CONCLUSION: While in-hospital mortality after hip arthroplasty in China appears low and declined during the study period, discrepancies in mortality after this procedure exist according to sociodemographic factors. Healthcare resources should be allocated more to underdeveloped regions to further reduce mortality. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1209-1217.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Sistema de Registros , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , China , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 154, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558951

RESUMO

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a radioclinical entity associating a reversible central nervous system involvement with a common brain imaging feature. There is a great variability in the clinical presentation of this syndrome and in the features of its sometimes atypical imaging appearance. PRES is an unusual neurological complication occurring during pregnancy or in the post-partum period, other than any pre-existing pathology occurred during pregnancy. Vasogenic edema due to the rupture of the blood-brain barrier seems to be its main cause. We here report the case of a primiparous patient with generalized tonic-clonic seizures associated with hypertensive peak occurred during the third trimester of pregnancy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain showed posterior reversible encephalopathy. PRES should be suspected in patients with any sign of neurological disorder. It has a favorable outcome without sequelae under early and fast treatment.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Leucoencefalopatia Posterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Convulsões/etiologia , Adulto , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Síndrome da Leucoencefalopatia Posterior/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez
5.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1161: 27-35, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562619

RESUMO

Surgery can be a life-saving procedure; however, significant complications may occur after routine procedures especially in older and more frail patients. Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PNDs), including delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction, are the most common complications in older adults following common procedures such as orthopedic or cardiac surgery. The consequences of PNDs can be devastating, with longer in-hospital stay, poorer prognosis, and higher mortality rates. Inflammation is gaining considerable interest as a critical driver of cognitive deficits. In this regard, resolution of inflammation, once thought to be a passive process, may provide novel approaches to treat neuroinflammation and PNDs. Herein we review the role for impaired resolution after surgery and the growing role of specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs) in regulating postoperative neuroinflammation and neurological complications after surgery.


Assuntos
Mediadores da Inflamação , Transtornos Neurocognitivos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/fisiopatologia , Período Perioperatório , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia
6.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 133-137, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384376

RESUMO

Dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) is a lethal congenital heart defect in which the great arteries-the pulmonary artery and aorta-are transposed to create ventriculoarterial discordance. Corrective surgical interventions have resulted in significant improvements in morbidity and mortality for this once-fatal congenital heart defect. The initial palliative surgery for d-TGA was the atrial switch operation, which provided physiological correction. The Mustard and Senning "atrial switch" procedures, in which an atrial baffle is created to produce a discordant atrioventricular connection on the existing discordant ventriculoarterial connection, showed preliminary success for the correction of d-TGA. However, follow-up evaluations demonstrated increasing complications from the right ventricle utilized as a systemic ventricle, resulting in progressive right ventricular dysfunction. Thus, the search continued for an anatomical correction of d-TGA to return the great arteries to their normal ventricular connections. The arterial switch operation (ASO), though attempted and theorized by many, was first successfully performed by Dr. Jatene and colleagues in 1975. For ASO, the distal main pulmonary artery and the distal ascending aorta are transected and then anastomosed to their respective ventricles with relocation of the coronary arteries to the neoaorta. The ASO has replaced the atrial switch operation since the 1980s and is now the standard surgical correction for d-TGA. As more patients who have undergone ASO are living into adulthood, late complications of this procedure have become more evident. The most common late postoperative complications include coronary artery stenosis, neoaortic root dilation, neoaortic insufficiency, and neopulmonic stenosis. Adults who have undergone ASO in childhood will need follow-up with surveillance imaging and evaluation of new symptoms or declining function to prevent and manage late postoperative complications. This review describes the management strategies for common late complications in patients who have undergone ASO.


Assuntos
Transposição das Grandes Artérias/efeitos adversos , Cuidados Paliativos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Adulto , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/diagnóstico por imagem , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 53(7): 572-582, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND-AIM: Limited data exist concerning the fluid dynamic changes induced by endovascular aortic repair with fenestrated and chimney graft modalities in pararenal aneurysms. We aimed to investigate and compare the wall shear stress (WSS) and flow dynamics for the branch vessels before and after endovascular aortic repair with fenestrated and chimney techniques. METHODS: Modeling was done for patient specific pararenal aortic aneurysms employing fenestrated and chimney grafts (Materialise Mimics 10.0) before and after the endovascular procedure, using computed tomography scans of patients. Surface and spatial grids were created using the ANSYS CFD meshing software 2019 R2. Assessment of blood flow, streamlines, and WSS before and after aneurysm repair was performed. RESULTS: The endovascular repair with chimney grafts leaded to a 43% to 53% reduction in perfusion in renal arteries. In fenestrated reconstruction, we observed a 15% reduced perfusion in both renal arteries. In both cases, we observed a decrease in the recirculation phenomena of the aorta after endovascular repair. Concerning the grafts of the renal arteries, we observed in both the transverse and longitudinal axes low WSS regions with simultaneous recirculation of the flow 1 cm distal to the ostium sites in both aortic graft models. High WSS regions appeared in the sites of ostium. CONCLUSIONS: We observed reduced renal perfusion in chimney grafts compared to fenestrated grafts, probably caused by the long and kinked characteristics of these devices.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Modelagem Computacional Específica para o Paciente , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Aortografia/métodos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Hidrodinâmica , Seleção de Pacientes , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Circulação Renal , Estresse Mecânico , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 10(4): 416-423, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Investigations of ventricular dominance and outcomes after the Fontan procedure have shown conflicting results. This may be due to the inclusion of multiple modifications of the Fontan or the omission of recently identified complications of the procedure. We examined the association between right ventricular dominance (RVD) and morbidity/mortality in a contemporary cohort following the extracardiac (EC) Fontan. METHODS: We studied all pediatric patients at our center who underwent a predominantly fenestrated EC Fontan from 2004 to 2016. Outcomes assessed were freedom from (1) Fontan failure (death, takedown, listing for transplantation) and (2) complication (arrhythmia requiring medication, postoperative pacemaker, or implantable cardioverter defibrillator requirement, stroke, thrombosis in the Fontan circuit, protein losing enteropathy, plastic bronchitis, New York Heart Association class >2). We defined the perioperative period as occurring before hospital discharge or within 30 days of the Fontan. RESULTS: A total of 137 patients (median age: 34 months, 62% male, 60% RVD) underwent the EC Fontan. Median duration of follow-up was 5.8 years (interquartile range: 2.4-9.0). Freedom from any event was 82.5% (RVD = 77%, LVD = 91%, χ2(1) = 5.03, P = .025) and RVD was associated with reduced event-free survival (hazard ratio: 2.94, P = .02). No confounders were identified. In the perioperative period, RVD was associated with reduced complication-free survival (P = .004). After this period, RVD was associated with reduced failure-free survival (P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: In this contemporary, single-center cohort of EC Fontan patients, RVD was associated with inferior outcomes.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Morbidade/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(7): 867-871, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256676

RESUMO

AIMS: Improvements in the evaluation of outcomes following peripheral nerve injury are needed. Recent studies have identified muscle fatigue as an inevitable consequence of muscle reinnervation. This study aimed to quantify and characterize muscle fatigue within a standardized surgical model of muscle reinnervation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 12 patients who underwent Oberlin nerve transfer in an attempt to restore flexion of the elbow following brachial plexus injury. There were ten men and two women with a mean age of 45.5 years (27 to 69). The mean follow-up was 58 months (28 to 100). Repeated and sustained isometric contractions of the elbow flexors were used to assess fatigability of reinnervated muscle. The strength of elbow flexion was measured using a static dynamometer (KgF) and surface electromyography (sEMG). Recordings were used to quantify and characterize fatigability of the reinnervated elbow flexor muscles compared with the uninjured contralateral side. RESULTS: The mean peak force of elbow flexion was 7.88 KgF (sd 3.80) compared with 20.65 KgF (sd 6.88) on the contralateral side (p < 0.001). Reinnervated elbow flexor muscles (biceps brachialis) showed sEMG evidence of fatigue earlier than normal controls with sustained (60-second) isometric contraction. Reinnervated elbow flexor muscles also showed a trend towards a faster twitch muscle fibre type. CONCLUSION: The assessment of motor outcomes must involve more than peak force alone. Reinnervated muscle shows a shift towards fast twitch fibres following reinnervation with an earlier onset of fatigue. Our findings suggest that fatigue is a clinically relevant characteristic of reinnervated muscle. Adoption of these metrics into clinical practice and the assessment of outcome could allow a more meaningful comparison to be made between differing forms of treatment and encourage advances in the management of motor recovery following nerve transfer. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:867-871.


Assuntos
Plexo Braquial/lesões , Fadiga Muscular , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Transferência de Nervo , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Plexo Braquial/cirurgia , Articulação do Cotovelo/fisiologia , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dinamômetro de Força Muscular , Músculo Esquelético/inervação , Músculo Esquelético/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Am Surg ; 85(6): 620-624, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267903

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of lightweight and heavyweight mesh on postoperative recovery in laparoscopic total extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair. PubMed, Embase, Science Citation Index, and the Cochrane Library were used to search for published clinical randomized controlled trials, which compared lightweight meshes with heavyweight meshes in TEP inguinal hernia repair. The outcomes were calculated as risk ratios with 95 per cent confidence intervals using RevMan 5.2. Eight randomized controlled trials were included. Compared with a heavyweight mesh, the lightweight mesh led to a higher incidence of recurrence (risk ratio = 2.52, 95% confidence interval 1.10-5.81; P = 0.03). There was no significant difference in chronic moderate to severe pain, foreign body sensation, and seroma. The use of lightweight mesh is not recommended for TEP inguinal hernia repair.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Desenho de Prótese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Seroma/epidemiologia , Seroma/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Am Surg ; 85(6): 625-630, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267904

RESUMO

Prior studies elucidate a high predictive value of imaging to diagnose appendicitis in small, regional cohorts. This cross-sectional study uniquely analyzes diagnostic imaging in a national appendectomy population. Using the 2016 ACS NSQIP database, positive predictive values (PPVs) for CT, ultrasound (US), and MRI were evaluated using chi-squared tests. Univariate and multivariate analyses considered patient-specific factors. Imaging was performed in 94.63 per cent of 11,841 appendectomy cases; most frequently via CT (78.69%), then combination CT and US (7.52%), US (7.15%), and MRI (0.30%). CT PPV was higher in overweight (98.70%) versus underweight patients (94.85%) (P = 0.01). Gender and age did not impact CT PPV. Imaging from a referral site did not change CT or US PPV. Our study describes imaging frequencies and confirms high PPV. We found imaging equally predictive in women of childbearing age and elderly individuals compared with the general population. Furthermore, repeat scanning is unnecessary with prior positive imaging at outside sites.


Assuntos
Apendicectomia/métodos , Apendicite/diagnóstico por imagem , Apendicite/cirurgia , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Apendicectomia/efeitos adversos , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos
12.
Am Surg ; 85(6): 631-637, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267905

RESUMO

The field of vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) has moved from a highly experimental procedure to, at least for some patients, one of the best treatment alternatives for catastrophic tissue loss or dysfunction. Although the worldwide experience is still limited, progress has been made in translation to the clinic, and hand transplantation was recently designated standard of care and is now covered in full by the British Health System. This progress is tempered by the long-term challenges of systemic immunosuppression, and the rapidly evolving indications for VCA such as urogenital transplantation. This update will cover the state of and recent changes in the field, and an update of the Louisville VCA program as our initial recipient, the first person to receive a hand transplant in the United States celebrates the 20th anniversary of his transplant. The achievements and complications encountered over the last two decades will be reviewed. In addition, potential directions for research and collaboration as well as practical issues of how third party payers and funding are affecting growth of the field are presented.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Alotransplante de Tecidos Compostos Vascularizados/métodos , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Masculino , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Sociedades Médicas , Imunologia de Transplantes/fisiologia , Alotransplante de Tecidos Compostos Vascularizados/efeitos adversos
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16365, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335682

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Complete small intestinal volvulus is a rare entity in adults, unlike partial intestinal volvulus. Although prompt surgical intervention is the mainstay of treatment, attention should also be paid to recovery of intestinal function postoperatively. Ignoring this issue during the postoperative recovery process can have serious consequences. We report the case of an 82-year-old woman with complete small intestinal volvulus at the root of the superior mesenteric vessel. PATIENTS CONCERNS: The patient was admitted for acute onset (22 hours) of abdominal pain and distention. Nausea and vomiting also developed during this period. DIAGNOSES: Abdominal physical examination was suspicious for peritoneal irritation. Computed tomography scan showed anticlockwise swirl of the mesenteric vessels at the lower margin of the pancreas with distension of the entire small intestine. A complete small intestinal volvulus was diagnosed. INTERVENTIONS: Laparotomy and detorsion of the volvulus were performed after early diagnosis. OUTCOMES: The patient developed intestinal wall edema because of ischemic-reperfusion damage. She exhibited severe abdominal distention and absent intestinal motility. Two days later, she went into septic shock; she died 19 days after surgical intervention. LESSONS: Because complete small intestinal volvulus involves the entire intestine, ischemic-reperfusion intestinal damage after detorsion may be severe and can predict prognosis.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Motilidade Gastrointestinal , Volvo Intestinal/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Choque Séptico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Volvo Intestinal/diagnóstico , Volvo Intestinal/fisiopatologia , Intestino Delgado/fisiopatologia , Intestino Delgado/cirurgia , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Laparotomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Choque Séptico/diagnóstico , Choque Séptico/etiologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16396, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335689

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) refers to a group of symptoms that occur when the nerves in the cauda equina become compressed or damaged. The most common etiology of CES is lumbar intervertebral disc herniation, but CES following lumbar spinal surgery is rare, especially without motor dysfunction. Herein, we illustrate a case of CES that developed as a complication of spinal surgery and to deduce its possible underlying cause. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 46-year-old man experienced lumbago, bilateral shank pain, and numbness with neurogenic claudication for 3 years due to degenerative lumbar disc herniation and spinal cord stenosis. After a thorough examination to diagnose lumbar spinal stenosis, the patient underwent bilateral decompression and pedicle screw system internal fixation with bone graft. Postoperatively, the patient showed regained strength in his bilateral shanks, and he did not complain of lumbago and shank pain, but CES occurred, which manifested as underpants-type numbness in the perineum without bladder, anal, and motor dysfunction. DIAGNOSES: CES as a postoperative complication of lumbar stenosis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent bilateral laminectomies, partial facetectomies, and pedicle screw system internal fixation and fusion with bone graft. Postoperatively, the patient performed adequate rehabilitation exercises and was expected to recover spontaneously. OUTCOMES: The symptoms of pain and claudication resolved after 3 weeks in the hospital, but an underpants-type hypoesthesia in the perineum without motor dysfunction developed. The patient experienced full recovery from CES 6 months after surgery. LESSONS: CES as a complication of lumbar spinal surgery is very rare. Excessive sensitivity to the traction of the dural sac was, in our opinion, the most possible cause of postoperative CES in this case. When the nerve root is pulled intraoperatively, it is best not to cross the central line of the spinous process. The plane of the nerve retractor needs to be parallel to the dural sac at the pulling point to reduce the formation of shear force. Most importantly, gentle maneuver is required because sensitivity to the traction of the dural sac varies individually.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Cauda Equina , Laminectomia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Fusão Vertebral , Estenose Espinal , Síndrome da Cauda Equina/diagnóstico , Síndrome da Cauda Equina/etiologia , Síndrome da Cauda Equina/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/fisiopatologia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/fisiopatologia , Laminectomia/efeitos adversos , Laminectomia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Estenose Espinal/diagnóstico , Estenose Espinal/etiologia , Estenose Espinal/fisiopatologia , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Semin Ophthalmol ; 34(6): 451-457, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348729

RESUMO

Purpose: To determine the clinical manifestations and risk factors of developing strabismus in primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) patients who underwent glaucoma surgery. Methods: A retrospective case-series study of 54 PCG patients who were followed for at least 3 years after glaucoma surgery. The subjects were divided into 2 groups based on the occurrence of strabismus. Age at glaucoma diagnosis and surgery, visual acuity, intraocular pressure, amblyopia, cup-disc ratio, and orthoptic status were compared between the 2 groups. Results: Twenty of 54 patients (37.0%) developed strabismus after glaucoma surgery. The mean ages at the time of glaucoma diagnosis and surgery were 3.2 ± 2.7 months and 3.4 ± 2.8 months in the strabismus group and 24.3 ± 19.1 months and 26.4 ± 18.9 months in the non-strabismus group, respectively (p < .05). In addition, the mean logMAR visual acuities were 0.87 ± 0.38 in the strabismus group and 0.24 ± 0.21 in the non-strabismus group (p < .05). The proportion of patients experiencing amblyopia was 90.0% in the strabismus group. Low visual acuity and young age at glaucoma surgery were significant predictors of developing strabismus. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated that the probability of developing strabismus after glaucoma surgery was 50.6% at 10 years post-surgery. Conclusions: PCG patients who developed strabismus after glaucoma surgery were diagnosed with glaucoma and underwent surgery at a younger age, exhibited a worse mean best corrected visual acuity, and exhibited a higher amblyopia incidence than did patients in the non-strabismus group.


Assuntos
Movimentos Oculares/fisiologia , Cirurgia Filtrante/efeitos adversos , Glaucoma/congênito , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Músculos Oculomotores/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estrabismo/etiologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glaucoma/fisiopatologia , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estrabismo/epidemiologia , Estrabismo/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Lakartidningen ; 1162019 Feb 19.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192390

RESUMO

Bariatric surgery is a well-documented and good alternative for treatment of obesity with and without type 2-diabetes. One of the documented complications is postprandial hypoglycemia, with possibly serious consequences. We present such a case, what is known of underlying mechanisms, and treatment options.


Assuntos
Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Hipoglicemia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipoglicemia/dietoterapia , Hipoglicemia/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/dietoterapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(25): e16185, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most of the previous studies combined all types of intramedullary ependymomas without providing accurate pathological subtypes. In addition, it was very difficult to evaluate the factors associated with postoperative outcomes of patients with different pathological subtypes of intramedullary Grade II ependymomas by traditional meta-analysis. This study evaluated the factors related with postoperative outcomes of patients with intramedullary Grade II ependymomas. METHODS: Individual patient data analysis was performed using PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The search included articles published up to April 2018 with no lower date limit on the search results. The topics were intramedullary Grade II ependymomas. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (log-rank test). The level of significance was set at P < .05. RESULTS: A total of 21 studies with 70 patients were included in this article. PFS of patients who underwent total resection was much longer than the PFS of those who received subtotal resection (P < .001). Patients who received adjuvant therapy (P = .005) or radiotherapy and chemotherapy (P < .001) seemed to have shorter PFS than others; PFS of patients who had cerebrospinal fluid disease dissemination (P = .022) or scoliosis (P = .001) were significantly shorter than others. OS of cellular ependymoma patients was less than giant cell ependymoma patients (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: PFS of patients who received total resection was much longer than those who received subtotal resection. Patients treated with adjuvant therapy or radiotherapy and chemotherapy appeared to have shorter PFS than others; PFS of patients with cerebrospinal fluid disease dissemination or scoliosis were significantly shorter than others. Cellular ependymomas would have better OS than giant cell ependymoma. However, giant cell ependymoma patients might have the worst OS.


Assuntos
Ependimoma/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/classificação , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto , Ependimoma/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Análise de Sobrevida
18.
Lancet ; 394(10197): 488-496, 2019 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery is associated with a high risk of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) and subsequent loss of kidney function. We explored the clinical utility of urinary dickkopf-3 (DKK3), a renal tubular stress marker, for preoperative identification of patients at risk for AKI and subsequent kidney function loss. METHODS: This observational cohort study included patients who had cardiac surgery in a derivation cohort and those who had cardiac surgery in a validation cohort (RenalRIP trial). The study comprised consecutive patients who had elective cardiac surgery at the Saarland University Medical Centre (Homburg, Germany; derivation cohort) and those undergoing elective cardiac surgery (selected on the basis of a Cleveland Clinical Foundation score of 6 or higher) who were enrolled in the prospective RenalRIP multicentre trial (validation cohort) and who were randomly assigned to remote ischaemic preconditioning or a sham procedure. The association between the ratio of preoperative urinary concentrations of DKK3 to creatinine (DKK3:creatinine) and postoperative AKI, defined according to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes criteria, and subsequent kidney function loss, as determined by estimated glomerular filtration rate, was assessed. FINDINGS: In the 733 patient in the derivation cohort, urinary concentrations of DKK3 to creatinine that were higher than 471 pg/mg were associated with significantly increased risk for AKI (odds ratio [OR] 1·65, 95% CI 1·10-2·47, p=0·015), independent of baseline kidney function. Compared with clinical and other laboratory measurements, urinary concentrations of DKK3:creatinine significantly improved AKI prediction (net reclassification improvement 0·32, 95% CI 0·23-0·42, p<0·0001). High urinary DKK3:creatinine concentrations were independently associated with significantly lower kidney function at hospital discharge and after a median follow-up of 820 days (IQR 733-910). In the RenalRIP trial, preoperative urinary DKK3:creatinine concentrations higher than 471 pg/mg were associated with a significantly higher risk for AKI (OR 1·94, 95% CI 1·08-3·47, p=0·026), persistent renal dysfunction (OR 6·67, 1·67-26·61, p=0·0072), and dialysis dependency (OR 13·57, 1·50-122·77, p=0·020) after 90 days compared with DKK3:creatinine concentrations of 471 pg/mg or less. Urinary DKK3:creatinine concentrations higher than 471 pg/mg were associated with significantly higher risk for AKI (OR 2·79, 95% CI 1·45-5·37) and persistent renal dysfunction (OR 3·82, 1·32-11·05) only in patients having a sham procedure, but not remote ischaemic preconditioning (AKI OR 1·35, 0·76-2·39 and persistent renal dysfunction OR 1·05, 0·12-9·45). INTERPRETATION: Preoperative urinary DKK3 is an independent predictor for postoperative AKI and for subsequent loss of kidney function. Urinary DKK3 might aid in the identification of patients in whom preventive treatment strategies are effective. FUNDING: No study funding.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/fisiopatologia , Biomarcadores/urina , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/urina , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/urina , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Creatinina/urina , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/urina , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Anaesthesia ; 74(9): 1165-1174, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222727

RESUMO

Postoperative pulmonary complications are associated with an increase in mortality, morbidity and healthcare utilisation. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality recommends risk assessment for postoperative respiratory complications in patients undergoing surgery. In this hospital registry study of adult patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery between 2005 and 2017 at two independent healthcare networks, a prediction instrument for early postoperative tracheal re-intubation was developed and externally validated. This was based on the development of the Score for Prediction Of Postoperative Respiratory Complications. For predictor selection, stepwise backward logistic regression and bootstrap resampling were applied. Development and validation cohorts were represented by 90,893 patients at Partners Healthcare and 67,046 patients at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, of whom 699 (0.8%) and 587 (0.9%) patients, respectively, had their tracheas re-intubated. In addition to five pre-operative predictors identified in the Score for Prediction Of Postoperative Respiratory Complications, the final model included seven additional intra-operative predictors: early post-tracheal intubation desaturation; prolonged duration of surgery; high fraction of inspired oxygen; high vasopressor dose; blood transfusion; the absence of volatile anaesthetic use; and the absence of lung-protective ventilation. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the new score was significantly greater than that of the original Score for Prediction Of Postoperative Respiratory Complications (0.84 [95%CI 0.82-0.85] vs. 0.76 [95%CI 0.75-0.78], respectively; p < 0.001). This may allow clinicians to develop and implement strategies to decrease the risk of early postoperative tracheal re-intubation.


Assuntos
Intubação Intratraqueal , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Respiratórios/diagnóstico , Transtornos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transtornos Respiratórios/terapia , Fatores de Risco
20.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 59: 300-305, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data from the literature suggest that in patients with acute, complicated type B aortic dissection (cTBAD), initial successful treatment with thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) is not necessarily associated with favorable remodeling of the dissected aorta during follow-up, and long-term results indicate that TEVAR failed to completely suppress false lumen patency. Sealing of all relevant distal reentries, infrarenal and/or iliac, seems to be the key issue to induce total false lumen thrombosis in abdominal aorta as well as the iliac arteries, especially in complicated patients presenting with malperfusion or complete true lumen collapse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 34 consecutive patients diagnosed with cTBAD at our hospital from January 2015 to April 2018, 30 had complicated dissections receiving endovascular treatment according to the standard Provisional ExTension To Induce COmplete ATtachment (PETTICOAT) technique and were excluded from this study, whereas 4 patients with radiologic evidence of multiple reentry tears at detached lumbar arteries and iliac bifurcation with complete true lumen collapse and clinical evidence of malperfusion were treated with a modified PETTICOAT technique with distal extension of the aortic stent, balloon expansion of the stented true lumen, and use of the AFX bifurcated endograft system to preserve the natural aortic bifurcation and provide complete distal sealing of reentry tears. RESULTS: Primary technical success was achieved in all patients. No postoperative deaths were observed, but 1 patient experienced an hemorrhagic shock on the second postoperative day. No patient suffered postoperative stroke, paraplegia, paraparesis, or acute renal failure. CONCLUSIONS: Using an abdominal aortic bifurcated endograft with PETTICOAT to treat acute cTBAD seems to be a feasible approach in high-risk patients to improve aortic remodeling. The AFX bifurcated endograft system meets the requirements of anatomical fixation and sealing of distal tears.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Remodelação Vascular , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Aortografia/métodos , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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