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1.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1209-1217, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564156

RESUMO

AIMS: There is an increasing demand for hip arthroplasty in China. We aimed to describe trends in in-hospital mortality after this procedure in China and to examine the potential risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 210 450 patients undergoing primary hip arthroplasty registered in the Hospital Quality Monitoring System in China between 2013 and 2016. In-hospital mortality after hip arthroplasty and its relation to potential risk factors were assessed using multivariable Poisson regression. RESULTS: During the study period, 626 inpatient deaths occurred within 30 days after hip arthroplasty. Mortality decreased from 2.9% in 2013 to 2.6% in 2016 (p for trend = 0.02). Compared with their counterparts, old age, male sex, and divorced or widowed patients had a higher rate of mortality (all p < 0.05). Risk ratio (RR) for mortality after arthroplasty for fracture was two-fold higher (RR 2.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5 to 2.6) than that for chronic disease. RRs for mortality were 3.3 (95% CI 2.7 to 3.9) and 8.2 (95% CI 6.5 to 10.4) for patients with Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) of 1 to 2 and CCI ≥ 3, respectively, compared with patients with CCI of 0. The rate of mortality varied according to geographical region, the lowest being in the East region (1.8%), followed by Beijing (2.1%), the North (2.9%), South-West (3.6%), South-Central (3.8%), North-East (4.1%), and North-West (5.2%) regions. CONCLUSION: While in-hospital mortality after hip arthroplasty in China appears low and declined during the study period, discrepancies in mortality after this procedure exist according to sociodemographic factors. Healthcare resources should be allocated more to underdeveloped regions to further reduce mortality. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1209-1217.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Sistema de Registros , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , China , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16809, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415395

RESUMO

Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) are a heterogeneous population and differ in risk of mortality and low extremity amputation (LEA), which complicates clinical decision-making. This study aimed to develop a simple risk scale using decision tree methodology to guide physicians in managing critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients who will benefit from endovascular therapy (EVT).A total of 736 patients with CLI, Rutherford classification (RC) stage ≥4, and prior successful EVT were included. Variables significantly associated with LEA by univariate analysis (P < .05) were selected and put into classification tree analysis using the Classification and Regression Tree (CART) model with a dependent variable, amputation, and depth of tree = 3. Four risk groups were generated according to the order of amputation rate. The amputation-free survival (AFS) times between groups were compared using the Kaplan-Meier curve with the log-rank test.Patients were classified as high risk for amputation (G4) (WBC counts ≥10,000/µl, and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) ≥130.337); intermediate risk group 1 (G3) (WBC < 10,000/µl and RC stage before EVT > 5); intermediate risk group 2 (G2) (WBC count ≥ 10,000/µl, and PLR < 130.337) and low-risk group (G1) (WBC < 10,000/µl, RC before EVT ≤ 5). G2, G3, and G4 risk groups had shorter AFS time (range, 58.7 to 65.5 months) than the G1 risk group (100 months) (P < .05). Risk of LEA was significantly higher in the G4, G3, and G2 groups than in the G1 group (P ≤ .05). The G4 group had the highest risk of amputation (odds ratio = 6.84, P < .001).This simple risk scale model can help healthcare professionals more easily identify and appropriately treat patients with CLI who are at different levels of risk for LEA following endovascular revascularization.


Assuntos
Amputação/mortalidade , Isquemia/mortalidade , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Idoso , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/etiologia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Doença Arterial Periférica/etiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16905, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of patients with coronary artery disease is mainly related to the extent of myocardium at risk. Proximal coronary arteries, especially the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), supply a large part of the myocardium. In this analysis, we aimed to systematically compare the post percutaneous coronary interventional (PCI) outcomes observed with proximal vs non-proximal lesions of the left and right coronary arteries. METHODS: MEDLARS Online, Excerpta Medica database, www.ClinicalTrials.gov, and the Cochrane databases were searched for relevant studies comparing the post PCI outcomes reported on proximal vs non-proximal lesions of the coronary arteries. RevMan software version 5.3 was used to analyze the data to generate respective results. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were derived to represent the results appropriately. RESULTS: Six studies with a total number of 11,109 participants who were enrolled between 1990 and 2015 were included in this analysis. The current results showed major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) (OR: 1.28, 95% CI: 1.14-1.45; P = .0001) and mortality (OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.43-2.03; P = .00001) to be significantly higher with proximal compared to non-proximal coronary lesions irrespective of the follow-up time periods. However, re-infarction (OR: 1.05, 95% CI: 0.80-1.38; P = .71), repeated revascularization (OR: 1.08, 95% CI: 0.92-1.27; P = .35) and stent thrombosis (OR: 0.59, 95% CI: 0.27-1.31; P = .20) were not significantly different.When patients specifically with LAD lesions were compared with associated non-proximal lesions, mortality was still significantly higher with proximal lesions (OR: 2.26, 95% CI: 1.52-3.36; P = .0001). However, when patients with right proximal coronary artery lesions were compared with the corresponding non-proximal lesions, no significant difference was observed in mortality. CONCLUSION: In-hospital and long-term MACEs and mortality were significantly higher in patients with proximal compared to non-proximal coronary lesions following PCI. In addition, mortality was significantly higher in patients with proximal LAD lesions whereas no significant difference was observed in patients with right proximal coronary artery lesions. Larger trials should further confirm these hypotheses.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16795, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most clinical guidelines recommend a restrictive red-blood-cell (RBC) transfusion threshold. However, indications for transfusion in patients with a hip fracture have not been definitively evaluated or remain controversial. We compared the pros and cons of restrictive versus liberal transfusion strategies in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and retrospective cohort studies (RCSs) to investigate the effects of a restrictive strategy versus its liberal counterpart in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery. The main clinical outcomes included delirium, mortality, infections, cardiogenic complications, thromboembolic events, cerebrovascular accidents, and length of hospital stay. The meta-analysis program of the Cochrane Collaboration (RevMan version 5.3.0) was used for data analysis. Statistical heterogeneity was assessed by both Cochran chi-squared test (Q test) and I test. Both Begg and Egger tests were used to assess potential publication bias. RESULTS: We identified 7 eligible RCTs and 2 eligible RCSs, involving 3,575 patients in total. In patients undergoing hip fracture surgery, we found no differences in frequency of delirium, mortality, the incidence rates of all infections, pneumonia, wound infection, all cardiovascular events, congestive heart failure, thromboembolic events or length of hospital stay between restrictive and liberal thresholds for RBC transfusion (P >.05). However, we found that the use of restrictive transfusion thresholds is associated with higher rates of acute coronary syndrome (P <.05) while liberal transfusion thresholds increase the risk of cerebrovascular accidents (P <.05). CONCLUSION: In patients undergoing hip fracture surgery, clinicians should evaluate the patient's condition in detail and adopt different transfusion strategies according to the patient's specific situation rather than merely using a certain transfusion strategy.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Eritrócitos/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Delírio/epidemiologia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16929, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441880

RESUMO

To examine the characteristics and short-term outcome of perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI), a single-center retrospective study was carried out. The electronic medical records of 278,939 patients aged 45 years or older who underwent non-cardiac surgery at Renji Hospital from January 2003 to December 2015 were screened based on diagnostic codes (ICD121, ICD121.0, ICD121.1, ICD121.2, ICD121.3, ICD121.4, or ICD121.9). The incidence and characteristics of PMI and mortality risk factors were analyzed after non-cardiac surgery. PMI was reported in 45 patients, with an incidence rate of 1.61 per 10,000 and a mortality rate of 75.6% (34/45). The PMI incidence rate increased significantly with age. The PMI incidence rate was the highest for vascular surgery (5.82 per 10,000 cases). PMI occurs mainly within 48 h of surgery, with most cases showing an onset in the general wards. Logistic analysis showed that the use of nitrates is the independent protective factor for the outcomes of patients with PMI. The incidence of PMI in non-cardiac surgery is approximately 2 of 10,000 in patients aged 45 years or older, and increased significantly with age. The use of nitrates might be helpful for their survival.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Período Perioperatório/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Idoso , China , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Nitratos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Br J Anaesth ; 123(3): 269-287, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based international expert consensus regarding anaesthetic practice in hip/knee arthroplasty surgery is needed for improved healthcare outcomes. METHODS: The International Consensus on Anaesthesia-Related Outcomes after Surgery group (ICAROS) systematic review, including randomised controlled and observational studies comparing neuraxial to general anaesthesia regarding major complications, including mortality, cardiac, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, renal, genitourinary, thromboembolic, neurological, infectious, and bleeding complications. Medline, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library including Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, from 1946 to May 17, 2018 were queried. Meta-analysis and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach was utilised to assess evidence quality and to develop recommendations. RESULTS: The analysis of 94 studies revealed that neuraxial anaesthesia was associated with lower odds or no difference in virtually all reported complications, except for urinary retention. Excerpt of complications for neuraxial vs general anaesthesia in hip/knee arthroplasty, respectively: mortality odds ratio (OR): 0.67, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.57-0.80/OR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.60-1.15; pulmonary OR: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.52-0.80/OR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.58-0.81; acute renal failure OR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.59-0.81/OR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.65-0.82; deep venous thrombosis OR: 0.52, 95% CI: 0.42-0.65/OR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.64-0.93; infections OR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.67-0.79/OR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.76-0.85; and blood transfusion OR: 0.85, 95% CI: 0.82-0.89/OR: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.82-0.87. CONCLUSIONS: Recommendation: primary neuraxial anaesthesia is preferred for knee arthroplasty, given several positive postoperative outcome benefits; evidence level: low, weak recommendation. RECOMMENDATION: neuraxial anaesthesia is recommended for hip arthroplasty given associated outcome benefits; evidence level: moderate-low, strong recommendation. Based on current evidence, the consensus group recommends neuraxial over general anaesthesia for hip/knee arthroplasty. TRIAL REGISTRY NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42018099935.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Anestesia Epidural/mortalidade , Anestesia Geral/mortalidade , Raquianestesia/mortalidade , Artroplastia de Quadril/mortalidade , Artroplastia do Joelho/mortalidade , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(3): 460-472, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276213

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Avoiding postoperative morbidity is essential in patients with advanced cancer. To further improve treatment in stage IV colorectal cancer, knowledge about risk factors which effect short- and long-term outcomes is important. METHODS: All stage IV colon and rectal cancer who underwent elective surgery between 2004 and 2015 were included (n = 345). We compared resectable colon and rectal patients, and unresectable colon and rectal cancer patients. RESULTS: Median follow-up duration was 22.2 (unresectable) and 56.7 months (resectable) with no difference in tumor location. Colon cancer patients were more often considered unresectable (P < .001). Rectal procedures were correlated with a higher morbidity rate and a longer surgical duration (P < .001). In the resectable cohort, obese patients, open procedures and prolonged surgery were independently associated with postoperative complications. Considering the palliative group, neoadjuvant treatment and age were correlated with worse outcomes. Morbidity was not associated with long-term outcomes in the resectable cohort. However, unresectable patients who developed respiratory (hazard ratio [HR]: 7.53) or cardiac (HR: 3.75) complications and patients with an American Society of Anesthesiologists-score III to IV (HR: 1.51) had an impaired survival. CONCLUSION: Our results emphasize the need for an adequate preoperative assessment to identify patients at risk for postoperative complications and impaired survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16204, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261567

RESUMO

Several prognostic indices have been employed to predict the outcome of surgical critically ill patients. Among them, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) and simplified acute physiology score (SAPS 3) are widely used. It seems that biological markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, and blood lactate levels correlate with the degree of inflammation during the immediate postoperative phase and could be used as independent predictors. The objective of this study is to compare the different predictive values of prognostic indices and biological markers in the outcome of 847 surgical patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in the postoperative phase.The patients were divided into survivors (n = 765, 57.4% males, age 61, interquartile range 51-71) and nonsurvivors (n = 82, 57.3% males, age 70, interquartile range 58-79). APACHE II, APACHE II death probability (DP), SOFA, SAPS 3, SAPS 3 DP, CRP, albumin, and lactate were recorded on ICU admission (first 24 hours). The area under the ROC curve (AUROC) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were used to measure the index accuracy to predict mortality.The AUROC and 95% CI for APACHE II, APACHE II DP, SOFA, SAPS 3, SAPS 3 DP, CRP/albumin ratio, CRP, albumin, and lactate were 0.850 (0.824-0.873), 0.855 (0.829-0.878), 0.791 (0.762-0.818), 0.840 (0.813-0.864), 0.840 (0.813-0.864), 0.731 (0.700-0.761), 0.708 (0.676-0.739), 0.697 (0.665-0.728), and 0.601 (0.567-0.634), respectively. The ICU and overall in-hospital mortality were 6.6 and 9.7%, respectively. The APACHE II, APACHE II DP, SAPS 3, SAPS 3 DP, and SOFA scores showed a better performance than CRP/albumin ratio, CRP, albumin, or lactate to predict in-hospital mortality of surgical critically ill patients.Even though all indices were able to discriminate septic from nonseptic patients, only APACHE II, APACHE II DP, SOFA and to a lesser extent SAPS 3, SAPS 3 DP, and blood lactate levels could predict in the first 24-hour ICU admission surgical patients who have survived sepsis.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Estado Terminal/terapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , APACHE , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Ácido Láctico/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Período Pós-Operatório , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/mortalidade , Sepse/terapia , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Escala Psicológica Aguda Simplificada
9.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(3): 361-365, 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310476

RESUMO

Prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) is an issue that has been overlooked (not to say neglected). Cardiac surgeons must bear in mind that this is a real problem that we must tackle. The purpose of this paper is to be a wake-up call to the surgical community by giving a brief overview of what PPM is, its incidence and impact on the outcomes. We also discuss the increasing role played by imaging for predicting and assessing PPM after SAVR (with which surgeons must become more acquainted) and, finally, we present some options to avoid PPM after the surgical procedure.


Assuntos
Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Falha de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Falha de Tratamento
10.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(4): 685-697, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: How to best evaluate the disease-specific survival (DSS) of gastric cancer (GC) survivors over time is unclear. METHODS: Clinicopathological data from 22 265 patients who underwent curative intend resection for GC were retrospectively analyzed. Changes in the patients' 3-year conditional disease-specific survival (CS3) were analyzed. We used time-dependent Cox regression to analyze which variables had long-term effects on DSS and devised a dynamic predictive model based on the length of survival. RESULTS: Based on 1-, 3-, and 5-year survivorships, the CS3 of the population increased gradually from 62% to 68.1%, 83.7%, and 90.6%, respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that the CS3 of patients who had poor prognostic factors initially demonstrated the greatest increase in postoperative survival time (eg, N3b: 26.6%-84.1%, Δ57.5% vs N0: 84.1%-93.3%, Δ9.2%). Time-dependent Cox regression analysis showed the following predictor variables constantly affecting DSS: age, the number of examined lymph nodes (LNs), T stage, N stage, and site (P < .05). These variables served as the basis for a dynamic prediction model. CONCLUSIONS: The influence of prognostic factors on DSS and CS3 changed dramatically over time. We developed an effective model for predicting the DSS of patients with GC based on the length of survival time.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Gastrectomia/mortalidade , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Agências Internacionais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(4): 753-760, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calls for multivisceral resection (MVR) of retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) are increasing, although the risks and benefits remain controversial. We sought to analyze current 30-day morbidity and mortality rates, and trends in utilization of MVR in a national database. METHODS: Overall morbidity, severe morbidity, mortality rates, and temporal trends were analyzed utilizing the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP). RESULTS: From 2012 to 2015, a total of 564 patients underwent RPS resection with 233 patients (41%) undergoing MVR. The MVR group had a higher rate of preoperative weight loss and larger tumors overall. When comparing MVR to non-MVR, there was no significant difference in overall morbidity (22% vs 17%, P = .13), severe morbidity (11% vs 8%, P = .18), or mortality (<1% vs 2%, P = .25). On multivariate analysis, MVR was not associated with increased overall morbidity or severe morbidity. Mortality rates were too low for meaningful statistical analysis. Annual rates of MVR ranged from 37% to 46% with no significant change over time (P = .47). RESULTS: Short-term morbidity and mortality rates after MVR for RPS remain acceptable, but rates of MVR show little change over time in NSQIP hospitals. Concerns about increased morbidity and mortality should not be viewed as a contraindication to wider implementation of MVR for RPS.


Assuntos
Mortalidade/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/mortalidade , Sarcoma/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Prognóstico , Melhoria de Qualidade , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/patologia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/cirurgia , Sarcoma/patologia , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16303, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335676

RESUMO

To investigate the incidence, outcomes, and risk factors of postoperative acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in patients undergoing surgical repair for acute type A aortic dissection.This retrospective study involved 270 patients who underwent surgical repair for acute type A aortic dissection between January 2009 and December 2015. Data on clinical characteristics and outcomes were collected. Patients who immediately died after surgery and with preoperative myocardial dysfunction were excluded. The included patients were divided into the ARDS (ARDS patients who met the Berlin definition) and non-ARDS groups. Primary outcome was postoperative ARDS, according to the 2012 Berlin definition for ARDS and was reviewed by 2 qualified physicians with expertise in critical care and cardiac surgery. Outcomes of interest were the incidence and severity of risk factors for ARDS in this population, and perioperative outcomes and survival rates were compared with patients with or without ARDS.A total of 233 adult patients were enrolled into this study; of these, 37 patients (15.9%) had ARDS. Three, 20, and 14 patients had mild, moderate, and severe ARDS, respectively, according to the Berlin definition, with no significant difference in age, sex, and underlying disease. The ARDS group had lower mean oxygenation index (OI) than the non-ARDS group in the first 3 days post-surgery and demonstrated an improvement in lung function after the fourth day. Postoperative complication risks were higher in the ARDS group than in the non-ARDS group. However, no significant difference was observed in in-hospital mortality between the 2 groups (10.8% vs 5.6%, P = .268). Additionally, there was also no significant difference in the 3-year mortality rate between the 2 groups (P of log-rank test = .274). Postoperative hemoglobin level (odds ratio [OR]: 0.78; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.62-0.99) and perioperative blood transfusion volume (OR: 1.07; 95% CI: 1.03-1.12) were associated with ARDS risk.Postoperative ARDS after type A aortic dissection repair surgery was associated with risks of postoperative complications but not with risk of in-hospital mortality or 3-year mortality. A higher perioperative blood transfusion volume and a lower postoperative hemoglobin level may be risk factors for ARDS.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico , Transfusão de Sangue , Hemoglobinas/análise , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Aórtico/complicações , Gasometria/métodos , Transfusão de Sangue/métodos , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados Críticos , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/sangue , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/etiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/mortalidade , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
13.
JAMA ; 321(22): 2193-2202, 2019 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184741

RESUMO

Importance: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) indications are expanding, leading to an increasing number of patients with bicuspid aortic stenosis undergoing TAVR. Pivotal randomized trials conducted to obtain US Food and Drug Administration approval excluded bicuspid anatomy. Objective: To compare the outcomes of TAVR with a balloon-expandable valve for bicuspid vs tricuspid aortic stenosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Registry-based prospective cohort study of patients undergoing TAVR at 552 US centers. Participants were enrolled in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) Transcatheter Valve Therapies Registry from June 2015 to November 2018. Exposures: TAVR for bicuspid vs tricuspid aortic stenosis. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcomes were 30-day and 1-year mortality and stroke. Secondary outcomes included procedural complications, valve hemodynamics, and quality of life assessment. Results: Of 81 822 consecutive patients with aortic stenosis (2726 bicuspid; 79 096 tricuspid), 2691 propensity-score matched pairs of bicuspid and tricuspid aortic stenosis were analyzed (median age, 74 years [interquartile range {IQR}, 66-81 years]; 39.1%, women; mean [SD] STS-predicted risk of mortality, 4.9% [4.0%] and 5.1% [4.2%], respectively). All-cause mortality was not significantly different between patients with bicuspid and tricuspid aortic stenosis at 30 days (2.6% vs 2.5%; hazard ratio [HR], 1.04, [95% CI, 0.74-1.47]) and 1 year (10.5% vs 12.0%; HR, 0.90 [95% CI, 0.73-1.10]). The 30-day stroke rate was significantly higher for bicuspid vs tricuspid aortic stenosis (2.5% vs 1.6%; HR, 1.57 [95% CI, 1.06-2.33]). The risk of procedural complications requiring open heart surgery was significantly higher in the bicuspid vs tricuspid cohort (0.9% vs 0.4%, respectively; absolute risk difference [RD], 0.5% [95% CI, 0%-0.9%]). There were no significant differences in valve hemodynamics. There were no significant differences in moderate or severe paravalvular leak at 30 days (2.0% vs 2.4%; absolute RD, 0.3% [95% CI, -1.3% to 0.7%]) and 1 year (3.2% vs 2.5%; absolute RD, 0.7% [95% CI, -1.3% to 2.7%]). At 1 year there was no significant difference in improvement in quality of life between the groups (difference in improvement in the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall summary score, -2.4 [95% CI, -5.1 to 0.3]; P = .08). Conclusions and Relevance: In this preliminary, registry-based study of propensity-matched patients who had undergone transcatheter aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis, patients with bicuspid vs tricuspid aortic stenosis had no significant difference in 30-day or 1-year mortality but had increased 30-day risk for stroke. Because of the potential for selection bias and the absence of a control group treated surgically for bicuspid stenosis, randomized trials are needed to adequately assess the efficacy and safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement for bicuspid aortic stenosis.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Risco
14.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 53(6): 458-463, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few long-time follow-up studies describe all complications, treatment outcome of complications, and mortality in relation to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and treatment outcome including mortality of radiological visible complications related to the EVAR procedure at a single center with up to 10 years' surveillance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients treated with EVAR from March 2006 to March 2016 at a Danish university hospital, 421 in total, were included. Patient and aneurysm characteristics, follow-up, and secondary intervention data were collected from a national database and medical records. Follow-up computed tomography angiography and plain abdominal X-ray reports were reviewed for complications. Scans and X-rays with suspected complications were evaluated by an interventional radiologist. RESULTS: A total of 172 complications in 147 patients, mainly in the beginning of the follow-up period, were found; 35% had a least one complication. The main part of complications (62%) was type II endoleaks, followed by stent graft stenosis (11%), type I endoleaks (9%), and stent graft occlusion (7%). A total of 66 (38%) complications, observed in 55 patients, were treated with reintervention, of which 77% were treated with endovascular procedures and 23% with surgical treatment, that is, 13% of all studied patients had a complication that required a reintervention. The remaining 2 of the 3 complications were treated conservatively. We found no increased all-cause mortality in connection with having a complication including those requiring reintervention. CONCLUSION: We presented a 10-year single-center study of EVAR. Many patients treated with EVAR had a radiological visible complication, mainly in the beginning of the follow-up period. Only a smaller fraction required reintervention and having a reintervention-requiring complication was not connected to increased mortality.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma/epidemiologia , Aneurisma/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(3): 494-500, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic cancer is strongly associated with thrombosis. We investigated early postoperative venous thromboembolism (PVTE) mortality among patients with pancreatic surgery and compared outcomes in adenocarcinoma pancreatic cancer (ACPC) to non-adenocarcinoma pancreatic neoplasm (NACPN). METHODS: We analyzed a prospectively collected database of patients who underwent pancreatic cancer or neoplasm-related surgery. As NACPN is underrepresented in other studies, we selected NACPN patients and a random sample of ACPC patients. PVTE was defined as VTE occurring within 3 months of surgical intervention. Statistical analysis was performed using Cox proportional hazards regression. RESULTS: A total of 441 pancreatic surgery patients were included, with 331 ACPC and 110 NACPN. Median follow-up was 449 days during which 90 (20.4%) patients developed VTE. PVTE occurred in 53 (12.0%) patients, including 41 (12.4%) ACPC patients and 12 (10.9%) NACPN patients. Those with PVTE had 60% higher mortality rate. A multivariable analysis found that PVTE is an independent predictor of increased mortality (HR Adj, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1-2.2; P < .01). The mortality impact was not consistent between ACPC (HR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.3-7.9) and NACPN groups (HR, 1.3; 95% CI, 0.9-1.8). CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative venous thromboembolism is an independent predictor of increased mortality in pancreatic surgery, specifically in adenocarcinoma pancreatic cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Tromboembolia Venosa/mortalidade , Idoso , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/sangue , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tromboembolia Venosa/patologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/fisiopatologia
18.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 66: 25-32, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mortality is conditioned by biological, political and social factors, as well as by culturally defined behaviors and attitudes that historically characterize the stage of development of a country or a region. Women are often in great danger, where they should be safest. Violence against women is the most pervasive yet the least recognized human rights violation in the world. It is a profound health problem and femicide, is often the tragic end-point of violence. Females represent more than half of the Egyptian population, however, they remain vulnerable. AIM OF THE STUDY: To describe and analyze data obtained from Zeinhom Morgue records in Cairo, regarding female deaths, throughout two years. To evaluate female deaths regarding age, cause, manner of death, location, perpetrator and motive. To describe the incidence of female homicides and their related injury patterns. To identify the risk factors and nature of violence from victimologic point of view. Finally, to describe the manner of death whether natural, homicidal, suicidal or accidental aiming for early identification of vulnerable females so that actions can be taken to prevent further mortality. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a national two year retrospective descriptive mortuary based study. The study population comprised of all adult females, aged 18 years and older, whose death was suspicious and medico-legal examination was ordered. Each investigation included a detailed case history, investigation, gross examination, histo-pathological and toxicological examinations. Data was collected from autopsy reports, hospital records and police records. From the available data the victim profile was made. RESULTS: All female deaths aged 18 years and older were retrospectively reviewed for 2 years at Zeinhom morgue of Medico-legal Authority from a total of 1858 autopsy cases. The most common manner of death was homicide. The commonest cause of death in homicides was due to sharp traumatic injuries. Natural death was the least common manner of death and ischemic heart disease constituted the commonest cause. Falling from height was the most common method of suicidal related deaths. Regarding poisoned cases, insecticides and carbon monoxide were the most common detected poisons. According to the cause of death (trauma), blunt trauma injuries were the most common. Falling from height constituted the largest percent of cases under this group. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS: Females in the third decade of life with blunt injuries to the head and neck were the majority of adult female autopsies. Homicide was the most common manner of female death using sharp instruments after domestic arguments mainly by a spouse or relative. Accidental death came second mainly due to post-operative complications. In cases of suicide, falling from height was the commonest cause followed by poisoning. These findings could be useful for forensic pathologists and healthcare promoters in predicting and preventing female deaths. Moreover, this emphasizes the need for raising public awareness about the scale of female violence problem in our society. The results of this study indicates that, by not only a strong legal support network, but also by opportunities for economic independency, essential education and awareness, alternative accommodation and a change in attitude and mindset of society, judiciary, legislature, executive, men and most importantly women themselves can lower or even prevent such deaths specially suicidal.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Acidentes/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Hemorragia Cerebral/mortalidade , Criança , Egito/epidemiologia , Feminino , Medicina Legal , Homicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrotério , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
19.
Vasc Med ; 24(4): 332-338, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195896

RESUMO

Loss to follow-up (LTF) has been associated with worse outcomes after procedures. We sought to identify differences in lower extremity peripheral vascular intervention (PVI) patients with and without LTF, and to determine if LTF impacted survival. Patients in the PVI registry of the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) were included (n = 39,342), where t-test and chi-squared analysis were used to compare those with and without LTF. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with LTF while Cox regression analysis was applied to compare survival among those with and without LTF. The overall 1-year follow-up rate was 91.6%. LTF patients were more often male, Hispanic, of black race, and had a higher rate of diabetes, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and dialysis. LTF patients had a higher prevalence of critical limb ischemia, underwent popliteal or distal intervention, and were intervened upon urgently. There was also a higher rate of postoperative complications, and a lower rate of technical success for LTF patients. After controlling for center effects, the independent variables associated with LTF included male sex, age, diabetes, dialysis dependence, ASA class 3 or greater, as well as complications requiring admission. Preoperative aspirin, preadmission home living status, prior carotid intervention, and discharge aspirin were protective against LTF. Adjusted survival analysis showed decreased survival in LTF, with those returning face-to-face surviving longer than those with phone follow-up. Efforts should be focused on understanding these differences to improve follow-up rates and help improve overall survival.


Assuntos
Perda de Seguimento , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos
20.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 69-79, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040686

RESUMO

Objective: The two main surgical treatments for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) are open surgical repair (OSR) and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). The aim of this study was to analyze variation among Spanish hospitals in the use of OSR or EVAR for AAA. A secondary aim was to assess changes in preferences for these two procedures over time. Methods: This was a retrospective longitudinal study based on discharge data from public hospitals in Spain during 2002-2012. Patient inclusion criteria were: age >18 years, elective admission, primary diagnosis of unruptured AAA, and surgical treatment with OSR or EVAR. The characteristics of the treating center, patients, and in-hospital mortality were recorded. Results: We included 16,737 patients from 114 hospitals; 6,809 (40.7%) underwent EVAR and 9,928 (59.3%) underwent OSR. The total volume of surgeries increased throughout the period, and the probability that any given procedure was EVAR increased by 20% per year (OR 1.20, P<0.001). The volume and distribution of the two procedures varied highly across the participating hospitals. Overall, in-hospital mortality rate was 3.6% and it decreased during the study period (5.3% in 2002 and 3.2% in 2012), mainly due to a decrease in OSR-related mortality, despite a slight increase in EVAR-related mortality. Hospitals with higher surgical volumes were more likely to use EVAR and have lower in-hospital mortality rates. Conclusion: This study reveals high variability in the surgical treatment of unruptured AAA across Spanish hospitals. The number of interventions has increased in recent years, with EVAR accounting for a growing percentage of these surgical procedures. Overall in-hospital mortality rates decreased significantly during this period, mainly due to lower mortality among patients undergoing OSR. In-hospital mortality rates were lower in higher-volume centers, regardless of the surgical approach used. Further research on variability and appropriateness of surgical management of AAA is required to assess the suitability of concentrating elective AAA repair in more experienced centers to potentially achieve better outcomes.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/tendências , Procedimentos Endovasculares/tendências , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos/tendências , Hospitais com Baixo Volume de Atendimentos/tendências , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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