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1.
Anaesthesia ; 75(12): 1596-1604, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090469

RESUMO

Maintaining safe elective surgical activity during the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is challenging and it is not clear how COVID-19 may impact peri-operative morbidity and mortality in this population. Therefore, adaptations to normal care pathways are required. Here, we establish if implementation of a bespoke peri-operative care bundle for urgent elective surgery during a pandemic surge period can deliver a low COVID-19-associated complication profile. We present a single-centre retrospective cohort study from a tertiary care hospital of patients planned for urgent elective surgery during the initial COVID-19 surge in the UK between 29 March and 12 June 2020. Patients asymptomatic for COVID-19 were screened by oronasal swab and chest imaging (chest X-ray or computed tomography if aged ≥ 18 years), proceeding to surgery if negative. COVID-19 positive patients at screening were delayed. Postoperatively, patients transitioning to COVID-19 positive status by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction testing were identified by an in-house tracking system and monitored for complications and death within 30 days of surgery. Out of 557 patients referred for surgery (230 (41.3%) women; median (IQR [range]) age 61 (48-72 [1-89])), 535 patients (96%) had COVID-19 screening, of which 13 were positive (2.4%, 95%CI 1.4-4.1%). Out of 512 patients subsequently undergoing surgery, 7 (1.4%) developed COVID-19 positive status (1.4%, 95%CI 0.7-2.8%) with one COVID-19-related death (0.2%, 95%CI 0.0-1.1%) within 30 days. Out of these seven patients, four developed pneumonia, of which two required invasive ventilation including one patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Low rates of COVID-19 infection and mortality in the elective surgical population can be achieved within a targeted care bundle. This should provide reassurance that elective surgery can continue, where possible, despite high community rates of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Período Perioperatório , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
2.
Transplant Proc ; 52(9): 2637-2641, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012543

RESUMO

Here we report a single-center cohort of 6 patients (4 kidney only, and 2 simultaneous liver/kidney transplants) diagnosed with COVID-19 at a median of 1.9 years (range = 0.2-9.3 years) post transplant. Five (of 6) patients required inpatient admission, 2 patients (mortality = 33%) died. Among those with mortality, an increased concentration of inflammatory biomarkers (interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein) was noted with a lack of response to interleukin-6 blockade, remdesivir, and/or convalescent plasma. None of the kidney-only transplants (4/6; 67%) had elevation in plasma donor-derived cell-free DNA above the previously published cut-off of 1%, suggesting absence of significant allo-immune injury. Four (of 5) admitted patients had detectable SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2) in blood on samples obtained at/during hospitalization. Of the 4 discharged patients, 2 patients with undetectable virus on repeat nasopharyngeal swabs had seroconversion with positive SARS-CoV-2 IgG formation at 30 to 48 days post infection. One patient had prolonged shedding of virus on nasopharyngeal swab at 28 days post discharge despite lack of symptoms. In this preliminary report, we find that immunocompromised transplant patients had higher rates of RNAemia (67%) than reported in the general population (15%), seeming absence of allo-immune injury despite systemic inflammation, and formation of IgG overtime after recovery from infection.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido/imunologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/imunologia , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Imunização Passiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/virologia , Viremia/imunologia , Viremia/mortalidade , Viremia/virologia
3.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 159(2): 691-702.e5, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify whether chronic opioid users are at increased risk for complications or hospital readmission following lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: The National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare database was queried to identify patients older than age 65 years who received a lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer. Chronic opioid users were identified through Medicare Part D records and were defined as those with >120 cumulative days of opioid supply for the year before surgery. A systematic 1:2 propensity matching was performed among chronic opioid users. RESULTS: Six thousand four hundred thirty-seven patients were identified, among whom 3627 (56%) were opioid naïve, 1866 (29%) were intermittent opioid users, and 944 (15%) were chronic opioid users. After propensity matching, 30-day mortality and 90-day mortality were nearly 2-fold higher among chronic opioid users compared with nonchronic users. In addition, length of stay and hospital charges were increased among chronic opioid users (median, 6 vs 7 days and mean increase, $12,526, respectively). Multivariable analysis revealed that intermittent opioid users and chronic opioid users were associated with an increased risk of 90-day hospital readmission compared with opioid-naïve patients (odds ratio, 1.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-1.71 and odds ratio, 1.72; 95% confidence interval, 1.40-2.12, respectively), predominantly burdened by infectious, renal, and pulmonary causes. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who chronically use opioids before lobectomy represent high-risk patients. The risk of 30- and 90-day mortality, length of stay, hospital charges, and 90-day readmission after lobectomy among chronic opioid users are substantially elevated.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/complicações , Pneumonectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/complicações , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Pneumonectomia/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
J Card Surg ; 35(11): 3010-3016, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33111446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke remains a devastating complication of cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to characterize the incidence of stroke and analyze the impact of stroke on patient outcomes and survival. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of patients with a computed tomography-confirmed stroke diagnosis between 1 January 2015 and 31 March 2019 at a single center. 2:1 propensity matching was performed to identify a control population. RESULTS: Over the period 165 patients suffered a stroke (1.99%), with an incidence ranging from 0.85% for coronary artery bypass grafting to 8.14% for aortic surgery. The mean age was 70.3 years and 58.8% were male. 18% had experienced a previous stroke or transient ischemic attack. Compared to the comparison group, patients experiencing postoperative stroke had a significantly prolonged period of intensive care unit admission (8.0 vs 1.1 days P < .001) and hospital length of stay (12.94 vs 8.0 days P < .001). Patient survival was also inferior. In-hospital mortality was almost three times as high (17.0% vs 5.9%; P < .001). Longer-term survival was also inferior to Kaplan-Meier estimation (P < .001). The 1-year and 3-year survival were 61.5% and 53.8% respectively compared to 89.4% and 86.1% for the comparison group. CONCLUSION: Perioperative stroke is a devastating complication following cardiac surgery. Perioperative stroke is associated with significantly inferior outcomes in terms of both morbidity and mortality. Notably a 28% reduction in 1-year survival. Efforts should focus on identifying strategies aimed at reducing the incidence, morbidity, and mortality of perioperative stroke following cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(42): e22446, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080679

RESUMO

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a form of liver inflammation in which immune cells target hepatocytes, inducing chronic inflammatory states. Bariatric surgery (BS) was shown to reduce inflammation in severely obese patients. We hypothesize that obese patients with AIH and BS have lower prevalence of liver-related complications and in-patient mortality compared to those without BS.The National Inpatient Sample from 2007 to 2013 was queried for hospitalizations of adults over 18 years of age with a diagnosis of AIH. Of those, hospitalizations with BS were selected as cases and those with morbid obesity as controls. Case-control 1:2 matching was done based on sex, age, race, and comorbidities. Primary outcomes were prevalence of liver-related complications and in-patient mortality. Independent risk factors of in-patient clinical outcomes were identified using multivariate regression analysis.From 137,834 hospitalizations with a diagnosis of AIH, 688 with BS were selected as cases, and 1295 were matched as controls. The prevalence of ascites was higher in the BS group compared to the control (odds ratio 1.73, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.27-2.36). The prevalence of cirrhosis (36.8% vs 33.2%), portal hypertension (7.4% vs 10.0%), hepatic encephalopathy (10.6% vs 8.7%), and varices and variceal bleeding (3.9% vs 5.5%) was not statistically different from case controls, (P > .05).BS was an independent risk factor for ascites (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.87; 95% CI 1.36-2.56) and hepatic encephalopathy (aOR 1.42; 95% CI 1.03-1.97) but was an independent protective factor against in-patient mortality (aOR 0.21, 95% CI 0.08-0.55) once adjusted for age, sex, race, and comorbidities.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Hepatite Autoimune/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Hepatite Autoimune/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Hepatopatias/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
6.
Anesth Analg ; 131(4): 1032-1041, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925320

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients are at increased risk for pulmonary and cardiovascular complications; perioperative mortality risk is unclear. This report analyzes cases submitted to the OSA Death and Near Miss Registry, focusing on factors associated with poor outcomes after an OSA-related event. We hypothesized that more severe outcomes would be associated with OSA severity, less intense monitoring, and higher cumulative opioid doses. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were age ≥18 years, OSA diagnosed or suspected, event related to OSA, and event occurrence 1992 or later and <30 days postoperatively. Factors associated with death or brain damage versus other critical events were analyzed by tests of association and odds ratios (OR; 95% confidence intervals [CIs]). RESULTS: Sixty-six cases met inclusion criteria with known OSA diagnosed in 55 (83%). Patients were middle aged (mean = 53, standard deviation [SD] = 15 years), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) III (59%, n = 38), and obese (mean body mass index [BMI] = 38, SD = 9 kg/m); most had inpatient (80%, n = 51) and elective (90%, n = 56) procedures with general anesthesia (88%, n = 58). Most events occurred on the ward (56%, n = 37), and 14 (21%) occurred at home. Most events (76%, n = 50) occurred within 24 hours of anesthesia end. Ninety-seven percent (n = 64) received opioids within the 24 hours before the event, and two-thirds (41 of 62) also received sedatives. Positive airway pressure devices and/or supplemental oxygen were in use at the time of critical events in 7.5% and 52% of cases, respectively. Sixty-five percent (n = 43) of patients died or had brain damage; 35% (n = 23) experienced other critical events. Continuous central respiratory monitoring was in use for 3 of 43 (7%) of cases where death or brain damage resulted. Death or brain damage was (1) less common when the event was witnessed than unwitnessed (OR = 0.036; 95% CI, 0.007-0.181; P < .001); (2) less common with supplemental oxygen in place (OR = 0.227; 95% CI, 0.070-0.740; P = .011); (3) less common with respiratory monitoring versus no monitoring (OR = 0.109; 95% CI, 0.031-0.384; P < .001); and (4) more common in patients who received both opioids and sedatives than opioids alone (OR = 4.133; 95% CI, 1.348-12.672; P = .011). No evidence for an association was observed between outcomes and OSA severity or cumulative opioid dose. CONCLUSIONS: Death and brain damage were more likely to occur with unwitnessed events, no supplemental oxygen, lack of respiratory monitoring, and coadministration of opioids and sedatives. It is important that efforts be directed at providing more effective monitoring for OSA patients following surgery, and clinicians consider the potentially dangerous effects of opioids and sedatives-especially when combined-when managing OSA patients postoperatively.


Assuntos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral , Encefalopatias/induzido quimicamente , Encefalopatias/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/mortalidade , Polissonografia , Respiração com Pressão Positiva , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros
7.
Ann Surg ; 272(5): 840-846, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate correlation between centers' volume and incidence of failure to rescue (FTR) following liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: FTR, defined as the probability of postoperative death among patients with major complication, has been proposed to assess quality of care during hospitalization. Perioperative management is challenging in cirrhotic patients and the ability to recognize and treat a complication may be fundamental to rescue patients from the risk of death. METHODS: Patients undergoing liver resection for HCC between 2008 and 2018 in 18 Centers enrolled in the He.Rc.O.Le.S. Italian register. Early results included major complications (Clavien ≥3), 90-day mortality, and FTR and were analyzed according to center's volume. RESULTS: Among 1935 included patients, major complication rate was 9.4% (8.6%, 12.3%, and 7.0% for low-, intermediate- and high-volume centers, respectively, P = 0.001). Ninety-day mortality rate was 2.6% (3.7%, 4.2% and 0.9% for low-, intermediate- and high-volume centers, respectively, P < 0.001). FTR was significantly higher at low- and intermediate-volume centers (28.6% and 26.5%, respectively) than at high-volume centers (6.1%, P = 0.002). Independent predictors for major complications were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) >2, portal hypertension, intraoperative blood transfusions, and center's volume. Independent predictors for 90-day mortality were ASA >2, Child-Pugh score B, BCLC stage B-C, and center's volume. Center's volume and BCLC stage were strongly associated with FTR. CONCLUSIONS: Risk of major complications and mortality was related with comorbidities, cirrhosis severity, and complexity of surgery. These factors were not correlated with FTR. Center's volume was the only independent predictor related with severe complications, mortality, and FTR.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Falha da Terapia de Resgate , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos , Hospitais com Baixo Volume de Atendimentos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Itália , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco
8.
Ann Surg ; 272(5): 678-683, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889871

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore possibilities to improve morbidity and mortality conferences using advancing insights in safety science. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Mortality and Morbidity conferences (M&M) are the golden practice for case-based learning. While learning from complications is useful, M&M does not meet expectations for system-wide improvement. Resilience engineering principles may be used to improve M&M. METHODS: After a review of the shortcomings of traditional M&M, resilience engineering principles are explored as a new way to evaluate performance. This led to the development of a new M&M format that also reviews successful outcomes, rather than only complications. This "quality assessment meeting" (QAM) is presented and the first experiences are evaluated using local observations and a survey. RESULTS: During the QAM teams evaluate all discharged patients, addressing team resilience in terms of surgeons' ability to respond to irregularities and to monitor and learn from experiences. The meeting was feasible to implement and well received by the surgical team. Observations reveal that reflection on both complicated and uncomplicated cases strengthened team morale but also triggered reflection on the entire clinical course. The QAM serves as a tool to identify how adapting behavior led to success despite challenging conditions, so that this resilient performance can be supported. CONCLUSIONS: The resilience engineering concept can be used to adjust M&M, in which learning is focused not only on complications but also on how successful outcomes were achieved despite ever-present challenges. This reveals the actual ratio between successful and unsuccessful outcomes, allowing to learn from both to reinforce safety-enhancing behavior.


Assuntos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/normas , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Melhoria de Qualidade
9.
Ann Surg ; 272(4): 660-667, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932322

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the temporal trends in 30-day mortality by race group for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) between 2011 and 2018 and to investigate the effect of race and sex on postoperative outcomes after CABG. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Cardiovascular diseases remain a leading cause of death in the United States with studies demonstrating increased morbidity and mortality for black and female patients undergoing surgery. In the post drug-eluting stent era, studies of racial disparities CABG are outdated. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the Society for Thoracic Surgeons database for patients undergoing CABG between 2011 and 2018. Primary outcome was 30-day mortality. Secondary outcomes included postoperative length of stay, surgical site infection, sepsis, pneumonia, stroke, reoperation, reintervention, early extubation, and readmission. RESULTS: The study population was comprised of 1,042,506 patients who underwent isolated CABG between 2011 and 2018. Among all races, Black patients had higher rates of preoperative comorbidities. Compared with White patients, Black patients had higher overall mortality (2.76% vs 2.19%, P < 0.001). On univariable regression, Black patients had higher rates of death, infection, pneumonia, and postoperative stroke compared to White patients. On multivariable regression, Black patients had higher odds of 30-day mortality compared to white patients [odds ratio (OR) = 1.11, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-1.18]. Similarly, female patients had higher odds of death compared to males (OR = 1.26, 95% CI 1.21-1.30). CONCLUSIONS: In the modern era, racial and sex disparities in mortality and postoperative morbidity after coronary bypass surgery persist with Black patients and female patients consistently experiencing worse outcomes than White male patients. Although there may be unknown or underappreciated biological mechanisms at play, future research should focus on socioeconomic, cultural, and multilevel factors.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Am Heart J ; 228: 109-115, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients aged ≥80 years are often treated with new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES), but data from randomized studies are scarce owing to underrepresentation in most trials. We assessed 1-year clinical outcome of octogenarians treated with new-generation DES versus younger patients. METHODS: We pooled patient-level data of 9,204 participants in the TWENTE, DUTCH PEERS, BIO-RESORT, and BIONYX (TWENTE I-IV) randomized trials. The main clinical end point was target vessel failure (TVF), a composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction (MI), or clinically indicated target vessel revascularization. RESULTS: The 671 octogenarian trial participants had significantly more comorbidities. TVF was higher in octogenarians than in 8,533 patients <80 years (7.3% vs 5.3%, hazard ratio [HR]: 1.36, 95% CI: 1.0-1.83, P = .04). The cardiac death rate was higher in octogenarians (3.9% vs 0.8%, P < .001). There was no significant between-group difference in target vessel MI (2.3% vs 2.3%, P = .88) and repeat target vessel revascularization (1.9% vs 2.8%, P = .16). In multivariate analyses, age ≥ 80 years showed no independent association with TVF (adjusted HR: 1.04, 95% CI: 0.76-1.42), whereas the risk of cardiac death remained higher in octogenarians (adjusted HR: 3.38, 95% CI: 2.07-5.52, P < .001). In 6,002 trial participants, in whom data on major bleeding were recorded, octogenarians (n = 459) showed a higher major bleeding risk (5.9% vs 1.9%; HR: 3.08, 95% CI: 2.01-4.74, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Octogenarian participants in 4 large-scale randomized DES trials had more comorbidities and a higher incidence of the main end point TVF. Cardiac mortality was higher in octogenarians, whereas there was no increase in MI or target vessel revascularization rates. Treatment of octogenarian patients with new-generation DES appears to be safe and effective.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos/classificação , Everolimo/farmacologia , Infarto do Miocárdio , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1113-1121, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862675

RESUMO

AIMS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the mortality, morbidity, and functional outcomes of cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty in the treatment of intracapsular hip fractures, analyzing contemporary and non-contemporary implants separately. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library were searched to 2 February 2020 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the primary outcome, mortality, and secondary outcomes of function, quality of life, reoperation, postoperative complications, perioperative outcomes, pain, and length of hospital stay. Relative risks (RRs) and mean differences (with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)) were used as summary association measures. RESULTS: A total of 18 studies corresponding to 16 non-overlapping RCTs with a total of 2,819 intracapsular hip fractures were included. Comparing contemporary cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty, RRs (95% CIs) for mortality were 1.32 (0.44 to 3.99) perioperatively, 1.01 (0.48 to 2.10) at 30 days, and 0.90 (0.71 to 1.15) at one year. The use of contemporary cemented hemiarthroplasty reduced the risk of intra- and postoperative periprosthetic fracture. There were no significant differences in the risk of other complications, function, pain, and quality of life. There were no significant differences in perioperative outcomes except for increases in operating time and overall anaesthesia for contemporary cemented hemiarthroplasty with mean differences (95% CIs) of 6.67 (2.65 to 10.68) and 4.90 (2.02 to 7.78) minutes, respectively. The morbidity and mortality outcomes were not significantly different between non-contemporary cemented and uncemented hemiarthroplasty. CONCLUSION: There are no differences in the risk of mortality when comparing the use of contemporary cemented with uncemented hemiarthroplasty in the management of intracapsular hip fractures. Contemporary cemented hemiarthroplasty is associated with a substantially lower risk of intraoperative and periprosthetic fractures. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1113-1121.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cimentos para Ossos , Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e21862, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925723

RESUMO

This study aimed to compare the early outcome of proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) and bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BPH) in elderly intertrochanteric fractures (ITFs) patients aged 85 years or more.This is a prospective cohort study, and we analyzed 120 elderly patients aged 85 years or more presented with ITFs who underwent BPH and PFNA between January 2017 and July 2018. 84 patients treated with PFNA were set as Group A, and 36 patients treated with BPH were set as Group B. Data such as gender, age, period of follow-up, fracture classification (according to Evans-Jensen classification), preoperative ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) physical status, interval between injury and operation, method of anaesthesia, duration of operation time, blood loss during surgery, time of weight bearing after operation, incidence of complications 2 weeks after operation, mortality rates and Harris Hip Score 12 months after operation were recorded and compared.There are no statistically significant differences when compared general data in patients from group A and B (P > .05). Operation time in Group A is less than Group B (103.33, 40-230 min vs 122.64, 75-180 minute, P < .01). Blood loss during surgery in Group A is less than Group B (70.24, 50-100 mL vs 194.44, 100-500 mL, P < .01). Time of weight bearing after operation in Group A is longer than Group B (50.70, 7-100 days vs 6.67, 4-14 days, P < .01). Incidence of complications 2 weeks after operation in Group A is less than Group B (14.12% vs 36.11%, P < .01). Mortality rates 12 months after operation in Group A is similar with Group B (13.10% vs 19.44%, P > .05). Harris Hip Score 12 months after operation in Group A is similar with Group B (64.64,0-91 points vs 64.41, 0-90 points, P > .05).Although BPH and PFNA have similar functional outcome and mortality rates 12 months after operation, BPH has more postoperative complications in elderly patients aged 85 years or more with ITFs, Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty should not be selected as the primary option for ITFs in elderly patients aged 85 years or more.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/mortalidade , Hemiartroplastia/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pinos Ortopédicos , Feminino , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Avaliação Geriátrica , Hemiartroplastia/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 390-397, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emergency or urgent surgery is often required in patients with papillary muscle rupture and active mitral valve infective endocarditis. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of patients with active endocarditis who underwent emergency or urgent mitral valve repair. METHODS: From 2005 to 2014, 154 ischemic mitral regurgitation patients and 41 infective endocarditis patients underwent mitral valve repair in our institution; 23 had emergency operations due to papillary muscle rupture, and 18 with active infective endocarditis underwent urgent surgery. RESULTS: Cardiopulmonary bypass time (141.4 ± 43.3 versus 145.3 ± 46.5 min) and crossclamp time (77.7 ± 34.1 versus 79.2 ± 33.0 min) were similar in the papillary muscle rupture and elective ischemic mitral regurgitation subgroups, and major postoperative complications were comparable. Hospital mortality was 17.4% in the papillary muscle rupture subgroup and 8.4% in the elective ischemic mitral regurgitation subgroup. Cardiopulmonary bypass time (103.6 ± 37.0 versus 75.5 ± 20.8 min) and crossclamp time (61.7 ± 21.2 versus 45.3 ± 18.0 min) were significantly longer in infective endocarditis patients. There were no major complications or hospital deaths. Eight years postoperatively, overall survival was 94.4% and 86.5% in the papillary muscle rupture and elective ischemic mitral regurgitation subgroups, respectively (p = 0.730). Overall survival was 100% in both infective endocarditis subgroups. CONCLUSION: The feasibility and effectiveness of emergency or urgent mitral valve repair in patients with papillary muscle rupture and active infective endocarditis are satisfactory. Early and mid-term outcomes are comparable to those of elective operations.


Assuntos
Endocardite/cirurgia , Ruptura Cardíaca/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Músculos Papilares/cirurgia , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Emergências , Endocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Endocardite/mortalidade , Endocardite/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Ruptura Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Cardíaca/mortalidade , Ruptura Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Duração da Cirurgia , Músculos Papilares/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos Papilares/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238953, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915895

RESUMO

Whether the subtype of atrial fibrillation affects outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis is unclear. The nationwide FinnValve registry included 2130 patients who underwent primary after transcatheter aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis during 2008-2017. Altogether, 281 (13.2%) patients had pre-existing paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, 651 (30.6%) had pre-existing non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and 160 (7.5%) were diagnosed with new-onset atrial fibrillation during the index hospitalization. The median follow-up was 2.4 (interquartile range: 1.6-3.8) years. Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation did not affect 30-day or overall mortality (p-values >0.05). Non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation demonstrated an increased risk of overall mortality (hazard ratio: 1.61, 95% confidence interval: 1.35-1.92; p<0.001), but not 30-day mortality (p = 0.084). New-onset atrial fibrillation demonstrated significantly increased 30-day mortality (hazard ratio: 2.76, 95% confidence interval: 1.25-6.09; p = 0.010) and overall mortality (hazard ratio: 1.68, 95% confidence interval: 1.29-2.19; p<0.001). The incidence of early or late stroke did not differ between atrial fibrillation subtypes (p-values >0.05). In conclusion, non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and new-onset atrial fibrillation are associated with increased mortality after transcatheter aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis, whereas paroxysmal atrial fibrillation has no effect on mortality. These findings suggest that non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation rather than paroxysmal atrial fibrillation may be associated with structural cardiac damage which is of prognostic significance in patients with aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/classificação , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(10): 1384-1391, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993327

RESUMO

AIMS: Hospital case volume is shown to be associated with postoperative outcomes in various types of surgery. However, conflicting results of volume-outcome relationship have been reported in hip fracture surgery. This retrospective cohort study aimed to evaluate the association between hospital case volume and postoperative outcomes in patients who had hip fracture surgery. We hypothesized that higher case volume would be associated with lower risk of in-hospital and one-year mortality after hip fracture surgery. METHODS: Data for all patients who underwent surgery for hip fracture from January 2008 to December 2016 were extracted from the Korean National Healthcare Insurance Service database. According to mean annual case volume of surgery for hip fracture, hospitals were classified into very low (< 30 cases/year), low (30 to 50 cases/year), intermediate (50 to 100 cases/year), high (100 to 150 cases/year), or very high (> 150 cases/year) groups. The association between hospital case volume and in-hospital mortality or one-year mortality was assessed using the logistic regression model to adjust for age, sex, type of fracture, type of anaesthesia, transfusion, comorbidities, and year of surgery. RESULTS: Between January 2008 and December 2016, 269,535 patients underwent hip fracture surgery in 1,567 hospitals in Korea. Compared to hospitals with very high volume, in-hospital mortality rates were significantly higher in those with high volume (odds ratio (OR) 1.10, 95% confidence interval ((CI) 1.02 to 1.17, p = 0.011), low volume (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.14 to 1.32, p < 0.001), and very low volume (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.16 to 1.34, p < 0.001). Similarly, hospitals with lower case volume showed higher one-year mortality rates compared to hospitals with very high case volume (low volume group, OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.19, p < 0.001; very low volume group, OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.14, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Higher hospital case volume of hip fracture surgery was associated with lower in-hospital mortality and one-year mortality in a dose-response fashion. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(10):1384-1391.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais com Baixo Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Transplantation ; 104(8): 1712-1719, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spirometry is the cornerstone of monitoring allograft function after lung transplantation (LT). We sought to determine the association of variables on best spirometry during the first year after bilateral LT with 3-year posttransplant survival. METHODS: We reviewed charts of patients who survived at least 3 months after bilateral LT (n = 157; age ± SD: 54 ± 13 y, male:female = 91:66). Best spirometry was calculated as the average of 2 highest measurements at least 3 weeks apart during the first year. Airway obstruction was defined as forced expiratory volume in 1-second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio <0.7. Survival was compared based on the ventilatory defect and among groups based on the best FEV1 and FVC measurements (>80%, 60%-80%, and <60% predicted). Primary outcome was 3-year survival. RESULTS: Overall, 3-year survival was 67% (n = 106). Obstructive defect was uncommon (7%) and did not have an association with 3-year survival (72% versus 67%, P = 0.7). Although one-half patients achieved an FVC>80% predicted (49%), 1 in 5 (19%) remained below 60% predicted. Irrespective of the type of ventilatory defect, survival worsened as the best FVC (% predicted) got lower (>80: 80.8%; 60-80: 63.3%; <60: 40%; P < 0.001). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for age, gender, transplant indication, and annual bronchoscopy findings, best FVC (% predicted) during the first year after LT was independently associated with 3-year survival. CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of bilateral LT patients do not achieve FVC>80% predicted. Although the type of ventilatory defect on best spirometry does not predict survival, failure to achieve FVC>80% predicted during the first year was independently associated with 3-year mortality.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Pneumopatias/cirurgia , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Espirometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Pneumopatias/mortalidade , Pneumopatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Espirometria/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia
17.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 160(5): 1331-1345.e1, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798022

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Concern exists regarding surgery after thoracic radiation. We aimed to assess early results of anatomic resection following induction therapy with platinum-based chemotherapy and full-dose thoracic radiation for resectable N2+ stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: Two prospective trials were recently conducted by NRG Oncology in patients with resectable N2+ stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer with the primary end point of mediastinal node sterilization following concurrent full-dose chemoradiotherapy (Radiation Therapy Oncology Group trials 0229 and 0839). All surgeons demonstrated postinduction resection expertise. Induction consisted of weekly carboplatin (area under the curve, 2.0) and paclitaxel (50 mg/m2) and concurrent thoracic radiation 60 Gy (0839)/61.2 Gy (0229) in 30 fractions. Patients in study 0839 were randomized 2:1 to weekly panitumumab + chemoradiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy alone during induction. Primary results were similar in all treatment arms and reported previously. Short-term surgical outcomes are reported here. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-six patients enrolled; 93 (74%) had anatomic resection, 77 underwent lobectomy, and 16 underwent extended resection. Microscopically margin-negative resections occurred in 85 (91%). Fourteen (15%) resections were attempted minimally invasively, including 2 converted without event. Grade 3 or 4 surgical adverse events were reported in 26 (28%), 30-day mortality in 4 (4%) and 90-day mortality in 5 (5%). Patients undergoing extended resection experienced similar rates of grade 3 or 4 adverse events (odds ratio, 0.95; 95% confidence interval, 0.42-3.8) but higher 30-day (1.3% vs 18.8%) (odds ratio, 17.54; 95% confidence interval, 1.75-181.8) and 90-day mortality (2.6% vs 18.8%) (odds ratio, 8.65; 95% confidence interval, 1.3-56.9). CONCLUSIONS: Lobectomy was performed safely following full-dose concurrent chemoradiotherapy in these multi-institutional prospective trials; however, increased mortality was noted with extended resections.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Pneumonectomia , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Pneumonectomia/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Br J Anaesth ; 125(5): 704-711, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frailty is associated with early postoperative outcomes. How frailty influences long-term postoperative recovery is poorly described. Our objective was to evaluate the association of frailty with postoperative disability trajectories in the year after surgery. METHODS: Prespecified 1-yr follow-up of a prospective multicentre cohort study. Patients ≥65 yr were assessed for frailty before major elective noncardiac surgery (Clinical Frailty Scale [CFS] and Fried Phenotype [FP]). The primary outcome was patient-reported disability score (using the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0) at baseline, 30, 90, and 365 days after surgery. Repeated measures linear regression estimated the association of preoperative frailty with changes in disability scores over time, adjusted for procedure. Group-based trajectory modelling was used to identify subgroup trajectories of people with frailty. RESULTS: One-year follow-up was complete for 687/702 (97.9%) participants. Frailty was associated with a significant difference in disability trajectory (P<0.0001). Compared with baseline, people with frailty experienced a decrease in disability score at 365 days (CFS frailty: -7.3 points, 95% confidence interval [CI] -10.2 to -4.5); (FP frailty: -5.4 points, 95% CI -8.5 to -2.3); people without frailty had no significant change in their disability score from baseline (no CFS frailty: +0.8 points, 95% CI -1.7 to 3.2; no FP frailty: +1.1 points, 95% CI -3.5 to 1.3). More than one-third of people with frailty experienced an early increase in disability before achieving a net decrease in disability. CONCLUSIONS: Decision-making and care planning should integrate the possible trade-offs between early adverse outcomes with longer-term benefit when frailty is present in older surgical patients.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Fragilidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Idoso Fragilizado , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Ann Surg ; 272(5): 766-772, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ex vivo surgery may provide a chance at R0 resection for conventionally unresectable tumors. However, long-term outcomes have not been well documented. In this study, we analyze our 11-year outcomes to define its role. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively analyzed 46 consecutive patients who underwent ex vivo surgery at our institution 2008-2019. RESULTS: The types of tumors were: carcinoma (n = 20), sarcoma (n = 20) and benign to low grade tumor (n = 6). The type of ex vivo surgery was chosen based on tumor location and vascular involvement. The most commonly performed procedure was ex vivo hepatectomy (n = 18), followed by ex vivo resection and intestinal autotransplantation (n = 12), ex vivo Whipple procedure and liver autotransplantation (n = 8) and multivisceral ex vivo procedure (n = 7). Twenty-three patients (50%) are currently alive with median follow-up of 4.0-years (11 months-11.8 years). The overall survival was 70%/59%/52%, at 1-/3-/5-years, respectively. Patient survival for benign to low grade tumors, sarcoma, and carcinoma was 100%/100%/100%, 65%/60%/50%, and 65%/45%/40%, at 1-/3-/5-years, respectively. Ninety-one percent patients had R0 resection, and 57% had no recurrence to date with median follow-up of 3.1-years. Two patients (4.3%) died within 30 days due to sepsis and gastroduodenal artety (GDA) stump blowout. Two additional patients died between 30 and 90 days due to sepsis. Perioperative mortality in the last 23 consecutive cases was limited to 1 patient who died of sepsis between 30 and 90 days. CONCLUSIONS: For a selected group of patients with conventionally unresectable tumors, ex vivo surgery can offer effective surgical removal with a reasonably low perioperative mortality at experienced centers.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/cirurgia , Transplante Autólogo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Ann Surg ; 272(5): 684-689, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833767

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate if prolonged TTS after completed nCRT improves postoperative outcomes for esophageal and esophagogastric junction cancer. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: TTS has traditionally been 4-6 weeks after completed nCRT. However, the optimal timing is not known. METHODS: A multicenter clinical trial was performed with randomized allocation of TTS of 4-6 or 10-12 weeks. The primary endpoint of this sub-study was overall postoperative complications defined as Clavien-Dindo grade II-V. Secondary endpoints included complication severity according to Clavien-Dindo grade IIIb-V, postoperative 90-day mortality, and length of hospital stay. The study was registered in Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02415101). RESULTS: In total 249 patients were randomized. There were no significant differences between standard TTS and prolonged TTS with regard to overall incidence of complications Clavien-Dindo grade II-V (63.2% vs 72.6%, P = 0.134) or regarding Clavien-Dindo grade IIIb-V complications (31.6% vs 34.9%, P = 0.603). There were no statistically significant differences between standard and prolonged TTS regarding anastomotic leak (P = 0.596), conduit necrosis (P = 0.524), chyle leak (P = 0.427), pneumonia (P = 0.548), and respiratory failure (P = 0.723). In the standard TTS arm 5 patients (4.3%) died within 90 days of surgery, compared to 4 patients (3.8%) in the prolonged TTS arm (P = 1.0). Median length of hospital stay was 15 days in the standard TTS arm and 17 days in the prolonged TTS arm (P = 0.234). CONCLUSION: The timing of surgery after completed nCRT for carcinoma of the esophagus or esophagogastric junction, is not of major importance with regard to short-term postoperative outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Adulto , Idoso , Quimiorradioterapia Adjuvante , Determinação de Ponto Final , Esofagectomia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade
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