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1.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0249398, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793657

RESUMO

The advent of Covid-19 pandemic adversely affected many programs worldwide, public health, including programming for obstetric fistula were not spared. Obstetric fistula is an abnormal connection between the vagina and the bladder or the rectum resulting from obstetric causes, mainly prolonged obstructed labour. Zimbabwe has two obstetric fistula repair centers. Because the program uses specialist surgeons from outside the country, the repairs are organized in quarterly camps with a target to repair 90 women per quarter. This study aimed at assessing the impact of restrictions on movement and gathering of people brought about by the Cocid-19 pandemic and to characterize participants of the camp which was held in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic at Mashoko Hospital. Specifically it looked at how Covid-19 pandemic affected programming for obstetric fistula repair and characterized participants of the fistula camp held in November to December 2020 at one of the repair centers. A review of the dataset and surgical log sheets for the camp and national obstetric fistula dataset was conducted. Variables of interest were extracted onto an excel spreadsheet and analyzed for frequencies and proportions. Data were presented in charts, tables and narratives. The study noted that Covid-19 pandemic negatively affected performance of fistula repairs greatly with only 25 women repaired in 2020 as compared to 313 in 2019. Ninety women were called to come for repairs but 52 did not manage to attend due to reasons related to the restriction of the Covid-19 pandemic lockdown. Two thirds of those women suffered from urinary incontinence while the other third had fecal incontinence. The successful repair rate was 92%. This study concluded that the pandemic greatly affected programming of fistula repair in the country and recommended the Ministry of Health and Child Care to institute measures to resume programming as soon as the situation allows.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Programas Governamentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Fístula Vesicovaginal , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fístula Vesicovaginal/epidemiologia , Fístula Vesicovaginal/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem , Zimbábue
2.
Ann Behav Med ; 55(3): 179-191, 2021 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High stress prenatally contributes to poor maternal and infant well-being. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created substantial stress for pregnant women. PURPOSE: To understand whether stress experienced by women pregnant at the beginning of the pandemic was associated with a greater prevalence of adverse perinatal outcomes. METHODS: Pregnant women across the USA aged ≥18 years old enrolled in a prospective cohort study during the pandemic onset (T1) in April-May 2020. This report focuses on the 1,367 participants who gave birth prior to July-August 2020 (T2). Hierarchical logistic regression models predicted preterm birth, small for gestational age infants, and unplanned operative delivery from T1 stress, sociodemographic, and medical factors. RESULTS: After controlling for sociodemographic and medical factors, preterm birth was predicted by high prenatal maternal stress, delivering an infant small for gestational age was predicted by interpersonal violence and by stress related to being unprepared for birth due to the pandemic, and unplanned cesarean or operative vaginal delivery was predicted by prenatal appointment alterations, experiencing a major stressful life event, and by stress related to being unprepared for birth due to the pandemic. Independent of these associations, African American women were more likely than other groups to deliver preterm. CONCLUSION: Pregnant women who are experiencing high stress during the COVID-19 pandemic are at risk of poorer perinatal outcomes. A longitudinal investigation is critical to determine whether prenatal maternal stress and resulting outcomes have longer-term consequences for the health and well-being of children born in the midst of the current pandemic.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Afro-Americanos/etnologia , Exposição à Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 100(4): 704-714, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599289

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Maternal near miss is a major global health issue; approximately 7 million women worldwide experience it each year. Maternal near miss can have several different health consequences and can affect the women's quality of life, yet little is known about the size and magnitude of this association. The aim of this study was to assess the evidence of the association between women who have experienced maternal near miss and quality of life and women who had an uncomplicated pregnancy and delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cochrane library, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, MEDLINE, Scopus and PubMed were searched for published studies. Studies were selected according to the PECO model (population, exposure, control and outcome) and were included if they investigated quality of life as an outcome after maternal near miss among women of all ages with no limitation on country or time (up to June 2020). Maternal near miss was defined as a life-threatening condition arising from complications related to pregnancy and/or childbirth. The quality of the studies was assessed according to the Newcastle-Ottawa scale and a Forest plot was constructed based on quality of life outcomes and study quality. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42020169232. RESULTS: Fifteen studies were included in the review with a total of 31 558 women. Quality of life was reported in various ways, and 25 different confounders were controlled for. Compared with women who did not experience maternal near miss, women exposed to maternal near miss had an overall lower quality of life (n = 2/2), had poorer mental (n = 6/10) and social health (n = 2/3), and maternal near miss had negative economic consequences (n = 4/4). Maternal near miss was not associated with sexual dysfunction (n = 1/5). Ten of 15 studies were assessed as being of poor quality. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence shows that maternal near miss is negatively associated with various aspects of quality of life. This highlights the importance of addressing the adverse effects associated with maternal near miss and follow up maternal near miss after discharge. Quality of life is a multidimensional concept that is assessed in various ways, and the literature on the field is heterogeneous. More high-quality studies are needed.


Assuntos
Near Miss , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Complicações na Gravidez , Qualidade de Vida , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
4.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(2)2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541943

RESUMO

Induction of labour using a balloon catheter is common practice throughout the world, often used in high-risk pregnancies due to the improved safety profile for the fetus compared with pharmacological methods. This report outlines the case of a 2500 mL antepartum haemorrhage on placement of a Foley catheter through the cervix at a secondary obstetric unit in New Zealand. An emergency caesarean section was carried out 20 min after the bleeding onset. No obvious cause for the bleeding was identified at caesarean. The mother required a blood transfusion, but otherwise, did well clinically; the infant required resuscitation at birth and went on to suffer a left middle cerebral artery stroke. At 6 months, he is assumed to have recovered with no long-term sequelae. A literature review has highlighted this was an unprecedented event. We hope to raise awareness of this rare catastrophic adverse outcome given the prevalence of balloon catheter induction.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Trabalho de Parto Induzido/efeitos adversos , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Cateterismo Urinário/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Uterina , Adulto , Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Parto , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez
6.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(2)2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33547119

RESUMO

We report an ex utero intrapartum therapy-to-airway procedure in which obstetric factors dramatically influenced the sequence of events necessary to complete the procedure.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/congênito , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/cirurgia , Doenças da Laringe/congênito , Doenças da Laringe/cirurgia , Traqueostomia , Adulto , Cesárea , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
8.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33500293

RESUMO

A complete perineal wound breakdown of a fourth degree laceration leading to a cloaca is a rare but devastating complication of vaginal childbirth. A 32-year-old primiparous woman presented with an obstetric cloaca 4 months following delivery. She underwent preoperative evaluation and, following extensive counselling, elected to proceed with operative repair. The procedure is presented in 15 well-defined steps with photos. The repair was performed in standard fashion with three supplementary steps. These included: (1) division of the rectovaginal tissue into three distinct layers; (2) attachment of these layers individually to the reconstructed perineal body and sphincter and (3) incorporation of the levator muscles into the repair. The wound healed well within 6 weeks of repair. Now 3½ years postoperatively, the patient has no faecal incontinence or sexual dysfunction and only minimal defecatory dysfunction. The discussion describes our surgical approach in the context of a review of the literature.


Assuntos
Canal Anal/cirurgia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Lacerações/cirurgia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/cirurgia , Períneo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/cirurgia , Vagina/cirurgia , Adulto , Canal Anal/lesões , Parto Obstétrico , Incontinência Fecal , Feminino , Humanos , Lacerações/fisiopatologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/fisiopatologia , Períneo/lesões , Gravidez , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/fisiopatologia , Vagina/lesões
9.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 79, 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality can be prevented in low-income settings through early health care seeking during maternity complications. While health system reforms in India prioritised institutional deliveries, inadequate antenatal and postnatal services limit the knowledge of danger signs of obstetric complications to women, which delays the recognition of complications and seeking appropriate health care. Recently, a novel rapidly scalable community-based program combining maternal health literacy delivery through microfinance-based women-only self-help groups (SHG) was implemented in rural India. This study evaluates the impact of the integrated microfinance and health literacy (IMFHL) program on the knowledge of maternal danger signs in marginalised women from one of India's most populated and poorer states - Uttar Pradesh. Additionally, the study evaluates the presence of a diffusion effect of the knowledge of maternal danger signs from SHG members receiving health literacy to non-members in program villages. METHODS: Secondary data from the IMFHL program comprising 17,232 women from SHG and non-member households in rural Uttar Pradesh was included. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify the program's effects on the knowledge of maternal danger signs adjusting for a comprehensive range of confounders at the individual, household, and community level. RESULTS: SHG member women receiving health literacy were 27% more likely to know all danger signs as compared with SHG members only. Moreover, the results showed that the SHG network facilitates diffusion of knowledge of maternal danger signs from SHG members receiving health literacy to non-members in program villages. The study found that the magnitude of the program impact on outcome remained stable even after controlling for other confounding effects suggesting that the health message delivered through the program reaches all women uniformly irrespective of their socioeconomic and health system characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: The findings can guide community health programs and policy that seek to impact maternal health outcomes in low resource settings by demonstrating the differential impact of SHG alone and SHG plus health literacy on maternal danger sign knowledge.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Letramento em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/prevenção & controle , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Educação em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Índia , Saúde Materna , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/organização & administração
10.
BJOG ; 128(3): 584-592, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33426798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a care bundle (antenatal information to women, manual perineal protection and mediolateral episiotomy when indicated) on obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) rates. DESIGN: Multicentre stepped-wedge cluster design. SETTING: Sixteen maternity units located in four regions across England, Scotland and Wales. POPULATION: Women with singleton live births between October 2016 and March 2018. METHODS: Stepwise region by region roll-out every 3 months starting January 2017. The four maternity units in a region started at the same time. Multi-level logistic regression was used to estimate the impact of the care bundle, adjusting for time trend and case-mix factors (age, ethnicity, body mass index, parity, birthweight and mode of birth). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Obstetric anal sphincter injury in singleton live vaginal births. RESULTS: A total of 55 060 singleton live vaginal births were included (79% spontaneous and 21% operative). Median maternal age was 30 years (interquartile range 26-34 years) and 46% of women were primiparous. The OASI rate decreased from 3.3% before to 3.0% after care bundle implementation (adjusted odds ratio 0.80, 95% CI 0.65-0.98, P = 0.03). There was no evidence that the effect of the care bundle differed according to parity (P = 0.77) or mode of birth (P = 0.31). There were no significant changes in caesarean section (P = 0.19) or episiotomy rates (P = 0.16) during the study period. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of this care bundle reduced OASI rates without affecting caesarean section rates or episiotomy use. These findings demonstrate its potential for reducing perineal trauma during childbirth. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: OASI Care Bundle reduced severe perineal tear rates without affecting caesarean section rates or episiotomy use.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/normas , Lacerações/epidemiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Melhoria de Qualidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Canal Anal/lesões , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Cesárea/normas , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise por Conglomerados , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Episiotomia/efeitos adversos , Episiotomia/normas , Episiotomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Lacerações/prevenção & controle , Modelos Logísticos , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/prevenção & controle , Períneo/lesões , Gravidez , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco , Escócia/epidemiologia , País de Gales/epidemiologia
11.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 397-402, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1150638

RESUMO

Objetivo: Traçar o perfil das mulheres que tiveram uma gestação tardia, admitidas no ano de 2016 em uma maternidade pública no Norte de Minas Gerais. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma pesquisa documental, retrospectiva, descritiva e de analise quantitativa. Fizeram parte dessa pesquisa as gestantes que foram admitidas em uma maternidade pública localizada em um município no norte de Minas Gerais em 2016, por meio do acesso aos prontuários. Resultados: Foram encontradas 24 complicações prévias à gestação, sendo a mais frequente, a hipertensão arterial. Das comorbidades associadas a mais prevalente foi hipertensão gestacional com 14,75% do total de mulheres. 41 complicações do parto e pós-parto foram identificadas, sendo a indução do parto a que mais acometeu as pesquisadas. Conclusão: Observa-se a necessidade de aprimoramento das informações em banco de dados como possibilitando a uma melhor atuação da equipe multidisciplinar frente ao binômio mãe-bebê, evitando assim possíveis doenças


Objective: To outline the profile of women who had a late pregnancy, admitted in 2016 to a public maternity hospital in northern Minas Gerais. Methodology: This is a documentary research, retrospective, descriptive and quantitative analysis. This study included pregnant women who were admitted to a public maternity ward located in a municipality in the north of Minas Gerais in 2016, through access to medical records. Results: 24 complications were found prior to gestation, with the most frequent being hypertension. Of the associated comorbidities the most prevalent was gestational hypertension with 14.75% of the total of women. 41 complications of childbirth and postpartum were identified, and the labor induction was the one that most affected those surveyed. Conclusion: It is necessary to improve the information in the database as it allows a better performance of the multidisciplinary team against the binomial mother-baby, thus avoiding possible diseases


Objetivo: Trazar el perfil de las mujeres que tuvieron una gestación tardia, ingresó en 2016 a un hospital público de maternidad en el norte de Minas Gerais. Metodología: Se trata de una investigación documental, retrospectiva, descriptiva y de análisis cuantitativo. Las mujeres embarazadas que fueron admitidas en una maternidad pública ubicada en un municipio en el norte de Minas Gerais en 2016, a través del acceso a los prontuarios. Resultados: Se encontraron 24 complicaciones previas a la gestación, siendo la más frecuente, la hipertensión arterial. De las comorbilidades asociadas a más prevalente fue hipertensión gestacional con el 14,75% del total de mujeres. Se identificaron 41 complicaciones del parto y posparto, siendo la inducción del parto la que más afectó a las investigadas. Conclusión: Se observa la necesidad de perfeccionamiento de las informaciones en base de datos como posibilitando una mejor actuación del equipo multidisciplinario frente al binomio madre-bebé, evitando así posibles enfermedades


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idade Materna , Gravidez de Alto Risco , Gestantes , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto
12.
BMJ ; 371: m3377, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of complicated birth at term in women classified at low risk according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guideline for intrapartum care (no pre-existing medical conditions, important obstetric history, or complications during pregnancy) and to assess if the risk classification can be improved by considering parity and the number of risk factors. DESIGN: Cohort study using linked electronic maternity records. PARTICIPANTS: 276 766 women with a singleton birth at term after a trial of labour in 87 NHS hospital trusts in England between April 2015 and March 2016. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: A composite outcome of complicated birth, defined as a birth with use of an instrument, caesarean delivery, anal sphincter injury, postpartum haemorrhage, or Apgar score of 7 or less at five minutes. RESULTS: Multiparous women without a history of caesarean section had the lowest rates of complicated birth, varying from 8.8% (4879 of 55 426 women, 95% confidence interval 8.6% to 9.0%) in those without specific risk factors to 21.8% (613 of 2811 women, 20.2% to 23.4%) in those with three or more. The rate of complicated birth was higher in nulliparous women, with corresponding rates varying from 43.4% (25 805 of 59 413 women, 43.0% to 43.8%) to 64.3% (364 of 566 women, 60.3% to 68.3%); and highest in multiparous women with previous caesarean section, with corresponding rates varying from 42.9% (3426 of 7993 women, 41.8% to 44.0%) to 66.3% (554 of 836 women, 63.0% to 69.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Nulliparous women without risk factors have substantially higher rates of complicated birth than multiparous women without a previous caesarean section even if the latter have multiple risk factors. Grouping women first according to parity and previous mode of birth, and then within these groups according to presence of specific risk factors would provide greater and more informed choice to women, better targeting of interventions, and fewer transfers during labour than according to the presence of risk factors alone.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Paridade , Nascimento a Termo , Adulto , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/diagnóstico , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/etiologia , Assistência Perinatal/métodos , Assistência Perinatal/normas , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Melhoria de Qualidade , História Reprodutiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
13.
J Pregnancy ; 2020: 6859157, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029401

RESUMO

Despite several efforts globally, the problem of perinatal mortality remained an unsolved agenda. As a result, it continued to be an essential part of the third sustainable development goals to end preventable child deaths by 2030. With a rate of 33 per 1000 births, Ethiopia has the highest level of perinatal mortality in the world. Thus, determining the magnitude and identifying the determinants are very crucial for evidence-based interventions. A community-based longitudinal study was conducted in Southwest Ethiopia among 3474 pregnant women to estimate the magnitude of perinatal mortality. Then, a case-control study among 120 cases and 360 controls was conducted to identify the determinants of perinatal mortality. Data were collected by using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and analyzed by using SPSS version 20. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify variables having a significant association with perinatal mortality at p < 0.05. The perinatal mortality rate was 34.5 (95% CI: 28.9, 41.1) deaths per 1000 births. Attending ≥4 ANC visits (AOR = 0.46; 95% CI: 0.23, 0.91), having good knowledge on key danger signs (AOR = 0.27; 95% CI: 0.10, 0.75), and having a skilled attendant at birth (AOR = 0.34; 95% CI: 0.19, 0.61) were significantly associated with a reduction of perinatal mortality. Being a primipara (AOR = 3.38; 95% CI: 1.90, 6.00), twin births (AOR = 5.29; 95% CI: 1.46, 19.21), previous history of perinatal mortality (AOR = 3.33; 95% CI: 1.27, 8.72), and obstetric complication during labor (AOR = 4.27; 95% CI: 2.40, 7.59) significantly increased perinatal mortality. In conclusion, the magnitude of perinatal mortality in the study area was high as compared to the national target for 2020. Care during pregnancy and childbirth and conditions of pregnancy and labor were identified as determinants of perinatal mortality. Hence, interventions need to focus on increasing knowledge of danger signs and utilization of skilled maternity care. Special emphasis needs to be given to mothers with a previous history of perinatal mortality, twin pregnancies, and having obstetric complications.


Assuntos
Assistência Perinatal , Mortalidade Perinatal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Competência Clínica , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Conhecimento , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Paridade , Gravidez , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(10): 1456-1461, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047706

RESUMO

Background: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) is a strategy with specific interventions to reduce pregnancy related morbidity and mortality. Aim: The study assessed the predictors of optimal birth preparedness and complication readiness among parturient in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria. Subject and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among parturient at the labor and post-natal wards of University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu over a 6 months period. Demographic information and predictors of BPCR were analyzed by descriptive statistics and logistic regression respectively with P value of < 0.05 considered statistically significant. Results: Of the 420 parturient, 330 (78.6%) and 90 (21.4%) were booked and unbooked respectively. Majority (74.2%) of the booked and about half of the unbooked parturient were knowledgeable about BPCR. Most (92.4%) of the booked parturient were optimally birth prepared at delivery as against 22.2% of the unbooked. Higher parity (adj OR = 3.79; 95% CI = 1.46-9.82, P = 0.01), tertiary educational level (adj OR = 2.98; 95% CI = 1.23-7.20, P = 0.02), regular antenatal visit (adj OR = 2.68; 95% CI = 1.06-6.76, P = 0.04), information received on birth preparedness before delivery (adj OR = 0.21; 95% CI = 0.07-0.61, P = <0.01), and booked status (adj OR = 0.02; 95% CI = 0.01-0.05, P = <0.001) where significant predictors of optimal BPCR. Conclusion: Encouraging female education, regular antenatal visits, and participation in health talk is advocated to improve BPCR and ultimately reduce maternal and perinatal mortality/morbidity among women in southeast Nigeria.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Nigéria , Paridade , Mortalidade Perinatal , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev. esp. anestesiol. reanim ; 67(8): 438-445, oct. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193564

RESUMO

La infección por COVID-19 afecta también a las pacientes obstétricas. La atención obstétrica habitual ha continuado a pesar de la pandemia. Existen series de casos de pacientes obstétricas. Parece que las técnicas neuroaxiales son seguras y es importante asegurarse que los bloqueos funcionen correctamente antes de una cesárea. Es por esto que se recomienda que los bloqueos sean realizados por anestesiólogos expertos. La protección y seguridad de los profesionales es un punto fundamental y, en caso de anestesia general, también se recomienda acudir al anestesiólogo más experto. Las pacientes gravemente enfermas deben reconocerse rápida y precozmente, para poder suministrarles el tratamiento adecuado lo antes posible. La susceptibilidad a las trombosis hace que la anticoagulación profiláctica sea prioritaria


COVID-19 infection also affects obstetric patients. Regular obstetric care has continued despite the pandemic. Case series of obstetric patients have been published. Neuroaxial techniques appear to be safe and it is important to obtain the highest possible rate of success of the blocks before a cesarean section. For this reason, it is recommended that the blocks be carried out by senior anesthesiologists. The protection and safety of professionals is a key point and in case of general anesthesia, so it is also recommended to call to the most expert anesthesiologist. Seriously ill patients should be recognized quickly and early, in order to provide them with the appropriate treatment as soon as possible. Susceptibility to thrombosis makes prophylactic anticoagulation a priority


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Vírus da SARS/patogenicidade , Anestesia Obstétrica/métodos , Cesárea/métodos , Gestantes , Pandemias , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Precauções Universais/métodos
16.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 223(3): 445.e1-445.e15, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contemporary guidelines for labor management do not characterize abnormal labor on the basis of maternal and/or neonatal morbidity. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the association of abnormal duration of the first stage of term labor and the risk of maternal and neonatal morbidity. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of all consecutive women admitted for delivery at a single center at ≥37 weeks and 0 to 7 days of gestation with singleton, nonanomalous, vertex infants from 2010 to 2015, who reached 10 cm cervical dilation. Multivariable logistic regression compared odds ratios for maternal and neonatal outcomes among women above and below the 90th, 95th, and 97th percentiles for first stage of labor duration. Receiver operating characteristic curves estimated the association between first stage of labor duration and maternal morbidity. Maternal morbidity was a composite of maternal fever, hemorrhage, transfusion, or endomyometritis; prolonged second stage of labor duration; and third- or fourth-degree perineal laceration. Neonatal morbidity was a composite of hypothermic therapy, need for mechanical ventilation, respiratory distress syndrome, meconium aspiration syndrome, birth injury or trauma, and neonatal seizure or sepsis. RESULTS: Of 6823 women included in this study, 682 were anticipated to have first stage of labor duration above the 90th percentile cutoff point, which was associated with an increased risk of composite maternal morbidity, maternal fever, postpartum transfusion, prolonged second stage of labor duration, third- or fourth-degree perineal laceration, and cesarean or operative vaginal delivery (P≤.02) and an increased risk of composite neonatal morbidity, respiratory distress syndrome, need for mechanical ventilation, and neonatal sepsis (P≤.03). Composite maternal morbidity was 2.2 (95% confidence interval, 1.8-2.7), 1.9 (95% confidence interval, 1.4-2.4), and 1.8 (95% confidence interval, 1.3-2.5) times more likely to occur among women above the 90th, 95th, and 97th percentile, respectively, for first stage of labor duration from 4 to 10 cm. Composite neonatal morbidity was 2.6 (95% confidence interval, 2.1-3.2), 2.2 (95% confidence interval, 1.7-2.9), and 1.9 (95% confidence interval, 1.3-2.8) times more likely to occur among infants delivered by women above the 90th, 95th, and 97th percentiles for first stage of labor duration from 4 to 10 cm. Receiver operating characteristic curves among all women from 4 to 10 cm and 6 to 10 cm, including when stratified by parity and type of labor onset, had an area under the curve of 0.51 to 0.62 and 0.53 to 0.71 for maternal and neonatal morbidity, respectively. Thus, duration of labor has moderate predictive ability, at best, for composite maternal or neonatal morbidity. No curve demonstrated a clear point at which adverse maternal or neonatal outcomes increased that could be used to define abnormal labor. CONCLUSION: The benefit of expectantly managing a prolonged first stage of labor with duration above the 90th percentile in anticipation of vaginal delivery must be weighed against the increased risk of composite maternal and neonatal morbidity. Risks associated with performing cesarean delivery as an alternative management for women with prolonged first stage of labor duration must also be considered.


Assuntos
Primeira Fase do Trabalho de Parto , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Assistência Perinatal , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Missouri/epidemiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/etiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/mortalidade , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
17.
Obstet Gynecol ; 136(4): e81-e89, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976379

RESUMO

There are three broad categories of hemostatic agents: 1) caustic, 2) physical, and 3) biologic. Because of the paucity of data on the use of topical hemostatic agents in gynecologic and obstetric surgery, indications for use are extrapolated from data on the use of these agents in other types of surgeries and are based on expert opinion. Topical hemostatic agents can be a useful adjunct to assist in the management of intraoperative bleeding in select circumstances. Topical hemostatic agents most commonly are used in situations where the use of electrocautery or sutures for hemostatic control of surgical bleeding is not ideal or safe, including bleeding in areas with nearby vulnerable structures or in the presence of diffuse bleeding from peritoneal surfaces or cut surfaces of solid organs. When managing intraoperative bleeding, there is no substitute for meticulous surgical technique. When possible, the surgeon should attempt to control intraoperative bleeding with sutures, clips, or electrosurgery before the use of hemostatic agents. It is essential for surgeons to understand the appropriate use, contraindications, and cost of these agents in order to make the most informed decision for patient care.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Hemostasia Cirúrgica/métodos , Hemostáticos , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/cirurgia , Administração Tópica , Adolescente , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/efeitos adversos , Hemostáticos/classificação , Hemostáticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Seleção de Pacientes , Padrões de Prática Médica , Gravidez
18.
Obstet Gynecol ; 136(4): 870-871, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976377

RESUMO

There are three broad categories of hemostatic agents: 1) caustic, 2) physical, and 3) biologic. Because of the paucity of data on the use of topical hemostatic agents in gynecologic and obstetric surgery, indications for use are extrapolated from data on the use of these agents in other types of surgeries and are based on expert opinion. Topical hemostatic agents can be a useful adjunct to assist in the management of intraoperative bleeding in select circumstances. Topical hemostatic agents most commonly are used in situations where the use of electrocautery or sutures for hemostatic control of surgical bleeding is not ideal or safe, including bleeding in areas with nearby vulnerable structures or in the presence of diffuse bleeding from peritoneal surfaces or cut surfaces of solid organs. When managing intraoperative bleeding, there is no substitute for meticulous surgical technique. When possible, the surgeon should attempt to control intraoperative bleeding with sutures, clips, or electrosurgery before the use of hemostatic agents. It is essential for surgeons to understand the appropriate use, contraindications, and cost of these agents in order to make the most informed decision for patient care.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Hemostasia Cirúrgica/métodos , Hemostáticos , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/cirurgia , Administração Tópica , Adolescente , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/efeitos adversos , Hemostáticos/classificação , Hemostáticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Seleção de Pacientes , Padrões de Prática Médica , Gravidez
19.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238777, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula significantly impacts women's mental health and well-being. Routine screening for mental health in fistula repair programs can be a gateway to link patients to services, and can produce routine data to inform programmatic investments. This study observed the integration of a mental health screening program into an obstetric fistula repair program in Mali, with two specific objectives: 1) to describe the social and mental health well-being of women presenting with obstetric fistulas in Mali, and 2) to document the impact of the mental health screening pilot on policy change in Mali. METHODS: Seven fistula repair campaigns were conducted between June 2016 and May 2017. All individuals presenting for fistula repair completed a mental health assessment at intake, including a depression screener (PHQ-9) and an assessment of psycho-social impacts of fistula. The depression screener was repeated three months following inpatient discharge. Findings were shared with stakeholders in Mali and impacts on policy were documented. RESULTS: Of 207 women who presented for fistula repair, 167 patients completed the mental health assessment at surgical intake, and 130 patients repeated the screener at 3-month follow-up. At intake, 36.5% of women had moderate or severe depression, decreasing to 16.9% at follow-up. The mean depression score differed significantly by timepoint (9.14 vs. 6.72, p <0.001). Results were shared in a report with stakeholders, and consultations with the Mali Ministry of Health. As a result of advocacy, mental health was a key component of Mali's National Fistula Prevention and Treatment Strategy (2018-2022). CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of depression in Malian fistula patients underscores a need for more robust mental health support for patients after surgery. Data on mental health from routine screening informs community reintegration strategies for individual patients, elevates the overall quality of care of fistula repair programs by addressing patients' holistic health needs, and contributes to evidence-informed decision-making and data-driven policy change within the larger health system.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Fístula Vesicovaginal/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Mali/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
20.
Obstet Gynecol ; 136(4): 707-715, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925614

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) or special care nursery admission for deliveries with water immersion compared with deliveries in the matched control group without water immersion. Secondary outcomes included adverse neonatal diagnoses, maternal infections, and perineal lacerations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using electronic health record data (2014-2018) from two health systems (eight hospitals), with similar clinical eligibility, associated with low risks of intrapartum complications, and implementation policies for waterbirth. The water immersion group included women intending waterbirth. Water immersion was recorded prospectively during delivery. The comparison population were women who met the clinical eligibility criteria for waterbirth but did not experience water immersion during labor. Comparison cases were matched (1:1) using propensity scores. Outcomes were compared using Fischer's exact tests and logistic regression with stratification by stage of water immersion. RESULTS: Of the 583 women with water immersion, 34.1% (199) experienced first-stage water immersion only, 65.9% (384) experienced second-stage immersion, of whom 12.0% (70) exited during second stage, and 53.9% (314) completed delivery in the water. Neonatal intensive care unit or special care nursery admissions were lower for second-stage water immersion deliveries than deliveries in the control group (odds ratio [OR] 0.3, 95% CI 0.2-0.7). Lacerations were lower in the second-stage immersion group (OR 0.5, 95% CI 0.4-0.7). Neonatal intensive care unit or special care nursery admissions and lacerations were not different between the first-stage immersion group and their matched comparisons. Cord avulsions occurred for 0.8% of second-stage water immersion deliveries compared with none in the control groups. Five-minute Apgar score (less than 7), maternal infections, and other adverse outcomes were not significantly different between either the first- or second-stage water immersion groups and their control group. CONCLUSION: Hospital-based deliveries with second-stage water immersion had lower risk of NICU or special care nursery admission and perineal lacerations than matched deliveries in the control group without water immersion.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Lacerações , Parto Normal , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Adulto , Índice de Apgar , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/diagnóstico , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/prevenção & controle , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Segunda Fase do Trabalho de Parto , Lacerações/diagnóstico , Lacerações/etiologia , Lacerações/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Minnesota/epidemiologia , Parto Normal/efeitos adversos , Parto Normal/métodos , Parto Normal/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/diagnóstico , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/etiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/prevenção & controle , Períneo/lesões , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
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