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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17160, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567955

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Fallopian tube obstruction and diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) are main factors including female infertility. Acupuncture might be effective in the treatment of the disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 39-year-old woman diagnosed with fallopian tube obstruction and DOR has been unable to conceive in the past 5 years, despite of receiving various treatments and 3-time in vitro fertilization (IVF) in different countries. DIAGNOSES: Under comprehensive consideration of clinical manifestations and hysterosalpingography examinations results, the patient was diagnosed as female infertility due to fallopian tube obstruction and DOR. INTERVENTION: Electroacupuncture treatment was performed 3 times per week for about 3 months. OUTCOMES: After 2-months of electroacupuncture treatment, the patient's menstrual cycle was back to normal, and she conceived after 3-month treatment and gave birth to a healthy baby boy finally. LESSONS: Electroacupuncture might be a complementary or alternative treatment for female infertility, particularly for women with fallopian tube obstruction and DOR.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/complicações , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Reserva Ovariana , Adulto , Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Ciclo Menstrual , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez
2.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 120(9): 690-694, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475556

RESUMO

AIM: Severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) is a state of the woman, when she nearly died, but survived. The aim of study was to find out the exact incidence of SAMM in Slovakia, establishment of functional surveillance system and improve quality of health care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The regular annual analyses of SAMM cases in Slovakia from January 1st 2012 to December 31st 2016. Observed SAMM included: peripartum haemorrhage, peripartum hysterectomy, uterine rupture, abnormally invasive placenta, HELLP syndrome, eclampsia, sepsis, transport to intensive care unit or anaesthesiology and non-fatal amniotic fluid embolism. RESULTS: The response rate of questionnaires was 84.8 %. The overall confirmed incidence of SAMM was 6.35/1,000 births (95% CI 6.03-6.67). The most often causes of SAMM were: peripartum haemorrhage (2.1/1,000 births), transport to intensive care unit or anaesthesiology (1.46/1,000 births), peripartum hysterectomy (0.84/1,000 births) and HELLP syndrome (0.63/1,000 births). The average age of women with SAMM was 30.3 years (14-46) and average parity was 1.16 (0-15). CONCLUSION: The incidence of SAMM and especially incidence of peripartum haemorrhage and peripartum hysterectomy in Slovakia is one of the highest in Europe. To decrease incidence and improve management and outcome of patients, regular audit of SAMM is needed (Tab. 3, Fig. 2, Ref. 30).


Assuntos
Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Morbidade/tendências , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Hemorragia , Humanos , Histerectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Periparto , Placenta Acreta , Gravidez , Sepse , Eslováquia , Ruptura Uterina , Adulto Jovem
3.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(8): 546-551, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Bedouins living in southern Israel are a Muslim-Arab population that is transitioning from a nomadic lifestyle to life in permanent settlements. The population has unique characteristics that could affect hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measurements. The objective of this study was to describe the socio-demographic and unique morbidity characteristics of this community and their effect on HbA1c measurements. Consanguinity, especially among cousins in the Bedouin population, results in a high prevalence of autosomal recessive genetic diseases such as thalassemia (underestimate of HbA1c), hemoglobinopathies (underestimate and overestimate), Gilbert's disease, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, an X-linked disorder, which can cause hyperbilirubinemia with an overestimate of HbA1c. Furthermore, nutritional deficiencies, autosomal recessive diseases, high birth rates, parasitic infections, and poverty can all cause high rates of anemia (iron and vitamin B12 deficiencies) that can raise HbA1c levels. Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia is found among Bedouin tribes in the Negev region and can lead to an underestimation of HbA1c levels. Pregnancy can also affect HbA1c levels. Medical teams working in the Bedouin community and in other Muslim populations with similar morbidity characteristics throughout the world should identify patients with medical conditions that can affect HbA1c measurements and be aware of possible measurement alternatives such as fructosamine and glycated albumin.


Assuntos
Anemia/etnologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Hemoglobinopatias/etnologia , Desnutrição/etnologia , Complicações na Gravidez/etnologia , Anemia/sangue , Anemia/complicações , Árabes , Feminino , Hemoglobinopatias/sangue , Hemoglobinopatias/complicações , Humanos , Islamismo , Israel/etnologia , Masculino , Desnutrição/sangue , Desnutrição/complicações , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Socioeconômicos
4.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(35): 762-765, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487273

RESUMO

Approximately 700 women die in the United States each year as a result of pregnancy or its complications, and significant racial/ethnic disparities in pregnancy-related mortality exist (1). Data from CDC's Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System (PMSS) for 2007-2016 were analyzed. Pregnancy-related mortality ratios (PRMRs) (i.e., pregnancy-related deaths per 100,000 live births) were analyzed by demographic characteristics and state PRMR tertiles (i.e., states with lowest, middle, and highest PRMR); cause-specific proportionate mortality by race/ethnicity also was calculated. Over the period analyzed, the U.S. overall PRMR was 16.7 pregnancy-related deaths per 100,000 births. Non-Hispanic black (black) and non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) women experienced higher PRMRs (40.8 and 29.7, respectively) than did all other racial/ethnic groups. This disparity persisted over time and across age groups. The PRMR for black and AI/AN women aged ≥30 years was approximately four to five times that for their white counterparts. PRMRs for black and AI/AN women with at least some college education were higher than those for all other racial/ethnic groups with less than a high school diploma. Among state PRMR tertiles, the PRMRs for black and AI/AN women were 2.8-3.3 and 1.7-3.3 times as high, respectively, as those for non-Hispanic white (white) women. Significant differences in cause-specific proportionate mortality were observed among racial/ethnic populations. Strategies to address racial/ethnic disparities in pregnancy-related deaths, including improving women's health and access to quality care in the preconception, pregnancy, and postpartum periods, can be implemented through coordination at the community, health facility, patient, provider, and system levels.


Assuntos
Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Complicações na Gravidez/etnologia , Complicações na Gravidez/mortalidade , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(34): 2654-2659, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505714

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the awareness of preconception care among women of child-bearing age with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and their self-management status, in order to provide evidence for establishment of management pathway for women with T1DM in pregnancy in China. Methods: This cross-sectional survey recruited female participants of child-bearing age from the cohort of Guangdong Type 1 Diabetes Translational Medicine Study conducted between June 2011 and December 2017. The participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire on the awareness of preconception care, their frequency of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) and other related variables. Chi-squared test or chi-squared test for trend was used in comparisons of categorical variables, and logistic regression analysis was performed to assess associated factors. Results: Totally, 441 women of child-bearing age with T1DM were investigated. The results show that their awareness of preconception care was poor (15.42%, 68/441). Higher educational level (χ(2trend)=3.990, P=0.046), experience of post-diabetes education evaluation (P<0.001), and better coverage of different modules in diabetes education (survival skills: χ(2)=7.525, P=0.004; basic knowledge: χ(2)=8.598, P=0.002; advanced knowledge: P<0.001) were associated with better awareness of preconception care. The average frequency of SMBG in these participants was 0.29 (0.14, 2.00) times per day, and only 8.5% (37/435) of them reached the frequency (≥4 times per day) recommended by guidelines. Moreover, 21.1% (92/435) of them hardly ever performed SMBG. Conclusion: Child-bearing age women with T1DM in Gunangdong had poor awareness of preconception care, with a much lower SMBG frequency than recommendation.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Conscientização , Automonitorização da Glicemia , China , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez
6.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(7): 464-470, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatic diseases commonly affect women of childbearing age, when women may be contemplating pregnancy or they discover an unplanned pregnancy. Therefore, specific issues about pregnancy planning and management are commonly encountered in patients during these times. Knowledge of the effect of pregnancy on disease activity is important for counseling. This review summarizes recent data on the course of different rheumatic diseases during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus are the most commonly investigated diseases. Data are increasing about spondyloarthritis. Sparse data are available for other rheumatic diseases. Despite the differences in these diseases and the various courses these disease take during pregnancy, a common feature is that active maternal disease in the months prior to conception increases the risk of flares during pregnancy, which in turn can lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, maternal and fetal health can be optimized if conception is planned when disease is inactive so that a treatment regimen can be maintained throughout pregnancy.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Doenças Reumáticas/fisiopatologia , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez
7.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 109, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489087

RESUMO

Introduction: "Calabar chalk" is a lead-laden pica mostly consumed by pregnant women worldwide as a remedy for morning sickness. This clay material has been shown to have lead levels of up to 40mg per kilogram. Meanwhile blood lead levels, even at doses less than 10µg/dl will be toxic to humans and even worse-off to the fetus as it crosses the placenta. We, therefore, sort to determine the prevalence of "Calabar chalk" consumption amongst pregnant women and if it translates to higher umbilical cord blood lead levels. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional study by prospectively and consecutively enrolling 300 pregnant women from December 2014 through February 2015. A questionnaire was administered to ascertain "Calabar chalk" consumption. The levels of lead in the umbilical cord blood of 51 participants of each group of those who consumed and didn't consume "Calabar chalk" were measured by spectrometry and compared using the T-test (p<0.05). Results: The prevalence of "Calabar chalk" consumption was 43.33%. This was mostly consumed during pregnancy only (46.34%), with higher rates observed amongst primigravidas. The mean umbilical blood lead levels amongst those who consumed and those who did not consume "Calabar chalk" was 39.19µg/dl and 25.33µg/dl respectively (P=0.111). Conclusion: The prevalence of "Calabar chalk" consumption was high in the pregnant women population. The overall umbilical cord blood lead levels were extremely high in both consumers and non-consumers. We recommend health education and chelation therapy to be considered.


Assuntos
Sangue Fetal/química , Chumbo/sangue , Pica/complicações , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Camarões/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pica/epidemiologia , Placenta/metabolismo , Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 119, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489097

RESUMO

Introduction: The prison population in low-income countries is a group vulnerable to undernutrition, particularly incarcerated women. The aim of the study is to assess the nutritional status of women in prison and to determine the social profile and prison conditions related to undernutrition. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 125 women prisoners in Antanimora prison located in the city of Antananarivo, Madagascar. All women detained for 3 months or more at the time of the survey were included in the study. Data collection was conducted in May and June 2013. A survey of women and anthropometric measurements were carried out to collect the data. Results: The proportion of undernourished female prisoners is 38.4%. Five percent of pregnant and lactating women and 44.3% of non-lactating and non-pregnant women are undernourished. The factors related to undernutrition of women prisoners are: taking two meals a day instead of three meals (p = 0.003), insufficient energy intake (p < 0.001), incarceration duration of more than 10 months (p < 0.001), absence of family visits (p = 0.013) and lack of financial assistance from family (p = 0.013). Conclusion: Improving the prisoners' diets and assistance from family both help to fight against prisoner undernutrition in prisons.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Energia/fisiologia , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Estado Nutricional , Prisioneiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Lactação/fisiologia , Madagáscar/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(36): 777-783, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513558

RESUMO

Since 1999, the rate of opioid use disorder (OUD) has more than quadrupled, from 1.5 per 1,000 delivery hospitalizations to 6.5 (1), with similar increases in incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) observed for infants (from 2.8 per 1,000 live births to 14.4) among Medicaid-insured deliveries (2). CDC's response to the opioid crisis involves strategies to prevent opioid overdoses and related harms by building state capacity and supporting providers, health systems, and payers.* Recognizing systems gaps in provision of perinatal care and services, CDC partnered with the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) to launch the Opioid Use Disorder, Maternal Outcomes, and Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Initiative Learning Community (OMNI LC). OMNI LC supports systems change and capacity building in 12 states.† Qualitative data from participating states were analyzed to identify strategies, barriers, and facilitators for capacity building in state-defined focus areas. Most states focused on strategies to expand access to and coordination of quality services (10 of 12) or increase provider awareness and training (nine of 12). Fewer states focused on data, monitoring, and evaluation (four of 12); financing and coverage (three of 12); or ethical, legal, and social considerations (two of 12). By building capacity to strengthen health systems, state-identified strategies across all focus areas might improve the health trajectory of mothers, infants, and families affected by the U.S. opioid crisis.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Abstinência Neonatal/terapia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/terapia , Complicações na Gravidez/terapia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Síndrome de Abstinência Neonatal/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17161, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517865

RESUMO

To report on our experience of surgery of cesarean scar pregnancy with temporary occlusion of the bilateral internal iliac arteries.Single center, retrospective review of patients who were diagnosed as cesarean scar pregnancy between December 2017 and December 2018. All patients were managed by laparoscopic cornuostomy and simultaneously repair the defect with temporary occlusion of the bilateral internal iliac arteries, followed by hysteroscopy to confirm no remnants of the pregnancy and deal with intrauterine lesions synchronously.Five patients were enrolled, the vital signs of all the patients were stable. All 5 patients were managed by laparoscopic cornuostomy and simultaneously repair the defect with temporary occlusion of the bilateral internal iliac arteries, followed by hysteroscopy to confirm no remnants of the pregnancy and 3 patients' free intrauterine adhesions synchronously. No one was converted to laparotomy. Intra-operative bleeding was minimal and the postoperative recoveries were uneventful. Human chorionic gonadotropin was normalized after 3 to 4 weeks.Laparoscopy with temporary internal iliac artery occlusion technique offers effective surgical management of cesarean scar pregnancy, and hysteroscopy is necessary to deal with intrauterine lesions.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Histeroscopia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Complicações na Gravidez/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(8): 783-788, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of pre-pregnancy parental body mass index (BMI), maternal weight gain during pregnancy, and their interaction on neonatal birth weight. METHODS: A total of 1 127 pregnant women who underwent regular prenatal examinations and full-term singleton delivery in the First Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2017 to October 2018 were enrolled. The data on their pre-pregnancy BMI, maternal weight gain during pregnancy, pre-pregnancy BMI of the husband, and neonatal birth weight were collected. The interaction between pre-pregnancy parental BMI and maternal weight gain during pregnancy was analyzed, and their correlation with neonatal birth weight was analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 1 127 full-term neonates, the detection rates of low birth weight neonates and macrosomia were 2.22% (25/1 127) and 3.82% (43/1 127) respectively. There were significant differences in pre-pregnancy parental BMI and maternal weight gain during pregnancy among the low birth weight, normal birth weight, and macrosomia groups (P<0.05). Neonatal birth weight was positively correlated with pre-pregnancy parental BMI and maternal weight gain during pregnancy (r=0.097-0.322, P<0.05). Low maternal weight before pregnancy increased the risk of low birth weight (RR=4.17, 95%CI: 1.86-9.38), and maternal overweight/obesity before pregnancy (RR=3.59, 95%CI: 1.93-6.67) and excessive weight gain during pregnancy (RR=3.21, 95%CI: 1.39-7.37) increased the risk of macrosomia. No interaction between pre-pregnancy maternal BMI and maternal weight gain during pregnancy was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-pregnancy parental BMI and maternal weight gain during pregnancy are related to neonatal birth weight, and there is no interaction between pre-pregnancy maternal BMI and maternal weight gain during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Complicações na Gravidez , Peso ao Nascer , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Ganho de Peso
14.
Am Surg ; 85(7): 772-777, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405427

RESUMO

Trauma in pregnancy is a leading cause of poor fetal and obstetric outcomes. Trauma team activation (TTA) criteria include injury with ≥ 20 weeks gestational age (GA). A retrospective analysis was performed on pregnant patients evaluated at a Level 1 trauma center. Patients were characterized by TTA: full, partial, or non-TTA, and TTA criteria independent of pregnancy. Index trauma and delayed delivery hospitalization outcomes were examined. Bivariate analysis, t test, and logistic regression were used when appropriate. From 2010 to 2015, 216 full, 50 partial, and 50 non-TTAs presented. Independent of pregnancy, 79 per cent of patients did not meet the TTA criteria. Fourteen (4%) had a pregnancy-related complication during index hospitalization (eight fetal and two maternal deaths). Nine of ten deaths occurred in patients meeting TTA independent of pregnancy. Delivery complications were greater in the index (52%, 13/25) versus subsequent (5%, 17/155) hospitalizations and were predicted by the respiratory rate (P = 0.016) and injury severity score (P < 0.001). Poor delayed delivery outcomes were associated with earlier GA (P < 0.002) and longer index hospitalization (P < 0.024). Odds of complication are higher in patients meeting the physiologic and anatomic criteria criteria for TTA versus GA criteria alone, signifying overtriage. Trauma activation protocols should be adapted based on the physiologic and anatomic criteria criteria in pregnant patients.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Triagem/métodos , Ferimentos e Lesões , Adulto , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Modelos Logísticos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ferimentos e Lesões/classificação , Adulto Jovem
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16840, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415407

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Twin pregnancy in women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is very rare but poses a great risk to both mother and children. In developing countries like China, advanced CKD twin pregnancies are often terminated. Here, we report a successful case and reviewed related cases, hope to facilitate further study. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 29-year-old woman with a twin pregnancy showed serum creatinine (Scr) 100 µmol/L (CKD2) at conception. During her 12th week, Scr reached 263 µmol/L (CKD4) with urine protein 3+ and hypertension. DIAGNOSES: Due to her pregnancy, renal biopsy was not considered. Lab tests showed deterioration of renal function and ultrasound detections showed small kidney size. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was given basic drug therapy to control her blood pressure and supplemental nutrition without hemodialysis. OUTCOMES: The patient delivered 2 healthy babies weighting 0.9 and 0.7 kg by cesarean section at the 28th week, but has been under maintenance hemodialysis since then. LESSONS: Despite low birth weight and preterm delivery, successful twin pregnancies in some patients with CKD could be realized under early multidisciplinary intervention, but this poses great risks for mothers and twins, especially for patients with advanced CKD and those on hemodialysis.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Cesárea , China , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Nifedipino/uso terapêutico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico
16.
JAMA ; 322(7): 632-641, 2019 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429897

RESUMO

Importance: Maternal hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are risk factors for preterm birth. Milder thyroid function test abnormalities and thyroid autoimmunity are more prevalent, but it remains controversial if these are associated with preterm birth. Objective: To study if maternal thyroid function test abnormalities and thyroid autoimmunity are risk factors for preterm birth. Data Sources and Study Selection: Studies were identified through a search of the Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar databases from inception to March 18, 2018, and by publishing open invitations in relevant journals. Data sets from published and unpublished prospective cohort studies with data on thyroid function tests (thyrotropin [often referred to as thyroid-stimulating hormone or TSH] and free thyroxine [FT4] concentrations) or thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibody measurements and gestational age at birth were screened for eligibility by 2 independent reviewers. Studies in which participants received treatment based on abnormal thyroid function tests were excluded. Data Extraction and Synthesis: The primary authors provided individual participant data that were analyzed using mixed-effects models. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was preterm birth (<37 weeks' gestational age). Results: From 2526 published reports, 35 cohorts were invited to participate. After the addition of 5 unpublished data sets, a total of 19 cohorts were included. The study population included 47 045 pregnant women (mean age, 29 years; median gestational age at blood sampling, 12.9 weeks), of whom 1234 (3.1%) had subclinical hypothyroidism (increased thyrotropin concentration with normal FT4 concentration), 904 (2.2%) had isolated hypothyroxinemia (decreased FT4 concentration with normal thyrotropin concentration), and 3043 (7.5%) were TPO antibody positive; 2357 (5.0%) had a preterm birth. The risk of preterm birth was higher for women with subclinical hypothyroidism than euthyroid women (6.1% vs 5.0%, respectively; absolute risk difference, 1.4% [95% CI, 0%-3.2%]; odds ratio [OR], 1.29 [95% CI, 1.01-1.64]). Among women with isolated hypothyroxinemia, the risk of preterm birth was 7.1% vs 5.0% in euthyroid women (absolute risk difference, 2.3% [95% CI, 0.6%-4.5%]; OR, 1.46 [95% CI, 1.12-1.90]). In continuous analyses, each 1-SD higher maternal thyrotropin concentration was associated with a higher risk of preterm birth (absolute risk difference, 0.2% [95% CI, 0%-0.4%] per 1 SD; OR, 1.04 [95% CI, 1.00-1.09] per 1 SD). Thyroid peroxidase antibody-positive women had a higher risk of preterm birth vs TPO antibody-negative women (6.6% vs 4.9%, respectively; absolute risk difference, 1.6% [95% CI, 0.7%-2.8%]; OR, 1.33 [95% CI, 1.15-1.56]). Conclusions and Relevance: Among pregnant women without overt thyroid disease, subclinical hypothyroidism, isolated hypothyroxinemia, and TPO antibody positivity were significantly associated with higher risk of preterm birth. These results provide insights toward optimizing clinical decision-making strategies that should consider the potential harms and benefits of screening programs and levothyroxine treatment during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Iodeto Peroxidase/imunologia , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Testes de Função Tireóidea , Adulto , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Doenças Autoimunes/sangue , Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/complicações , Hipotireoidismo/diagnóstico , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/sangue , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/complicações , Tireotropina/sangue , Tiroxina/sangue
18.
Surg Clin North Am ; 99(5): 941-953, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446919

RESUMO

Obstetricians and general surgeons frequently navigate the challenges of providing surgical care that is mindful of the unique circumstances of pregnancy. Ensuring pregnant patients have high-quality surgical care is an ethical imperative. Providers should maintain a high index of suspicion for surgical disease to ensure that surgical diagnoses are not missed or inadequately treated. A variety of imaging modalities are used in pregnancy. Surgical management includes laparoscopic and open approaches. Perioperative fetal monitoring should be the subject of multidisciplinary discussion. Symptomatic control in pregnancy should have the same goals as for nonpregnant patients. Enhanced recovery after surgery pathways frequently are appropriate.


Assuntos
Temas Bioéticos , Complicações na Gravidez/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos/ética , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações na Gravidez/terapia , Serviços de Saúde Reprodutiva/ética , Justiça Social/ética
19.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 778-782, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438030

RESUMO

Hyperglycemia associated with pregnancy has been related to several unfavorable perinatal outcomes, as well as to the increase of incidence on future complications. Thus, the diagnosis of hyperglycemia in the pregnancy-puerperal context should be a global health concern. This article presents the development of a mobile application prototype which informs, imparts accurate diagnosis and provides tools for obstetric telemonitoring in women with pregnancy associated diabetes. After detailed analysis of the proposals for a new diagnostic strategy considering possible scarcity of resources, key elements were selected and inserted into the prototype, in order to cater for the most aspects and make it as thorough as possible. The application has been adapted to the Brazilian reality, however, having adjustments in compliance with international protocols, it has the potential to be used worldwide.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperglicemia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez de Alto Risco
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