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1.
Harefuah ; 159(11): 789-792, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210847

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: General pustular pruritus psoriasis (GPPP), also known by the name impetigo herpetiformis, is a rare type of pustular dermatosis which typically occurs in pregnant women during the 3rd trimester and usually regresses after birth. The disease is characterized by acute abruption of erythematous plaque with a disseminated spread of sterile pustule, and may progress to sepsis and even death. Notably, it also carries obstetric complications and is associated with an increase in neonatal morbidity and stillbirth. We present a case report of a patient, and discuss the importance of proper management in this rare condition.


Assuntos
Dermatite Herpetiforme , Impetigo , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Psoríase , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Psoríase/complicações , Psoríase/diagnóstico
2.
Harefuah ; 159(11): 829-834, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210856

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Analysis of placental histopathology lesions may assist in a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms that lead to different clinical phenotypes in complicated pregnancy. Categorization of placental lesions provide us with a tool to determine the placental reaction and adaptation to abnormal placentation that occurs during pregnancy complications. Placental pathology has traditionally been the "black box" of pregnancy. The associations between placental histopathology and pregnancy complications have been studied comprehensively. After more than a decade of experience in collecting detailed placental pathological reports from various pregnancy complications, we looked for placental characteristics that could serve as predictors in patients with recurrence of pregnancy complications. It was found that in cases of preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction and preterm birth, prediction models involving placental pathology performed better than models based only on clinical factors. The placenta histopathology reports should be used not only as records from the "black-box of pregnancy" but more as records from the "crystal ball" for future pregnancies.


Assuntos
Pré-Eclâmpsia , Complicações na Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Placenta , Pré-Eclâmpsia/diagnóstico , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Resultado da Gravidez
3.
Tex Med ; 116(6): 6, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872704

RESUMO

Unfortunately, risk-based testing introduces physician bias into decisionmaking, and can disproportionately target low-income, minority, and immigrant women. Simultaneously, physicians can overlook screening patients who are white and higher income, placing their infants at risk for drug withdrawal and birth defects. Universal screening has been touted by many physicians and providers because it eliminates risk for discriminatory practices, provides a basis for early detection and education of pregnant women, and directs physicians to provide resources for pregnant women to quit drug use during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Médicos/psicologia , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Complicações na Gravidez/urina , Gestantes/psicologia , Preconceito , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/psicologia , Detecção do Abuso de Substâncias/métodos , Detecção do Abuso de Substâncias/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Risco , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/urina
4.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 105(12)2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929476

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Invited update on the management of systemic autoimmune Graves disease (GD) and associated Graves orbitopathy (GO). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Guidelines, pertinent original articles, systemic reviews, and meta-analyses. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TSH-R-Abs), foremost the stimulatory TSH-R-Abs, are a specific biomarker for GD. Their measurement assists in the differential diagnosis of hyperthyroidism and offers accurate and rapid diagnosis of GD. Thyroid ultrasound is a sensitive imaging tool for GD. Worldwide, thionamides are the favored treatment (12-18 months) of newly diagnosed GD, with methimazole (MMI) as the preferred drug. Patients with persistently high TSH-R-Abs and/or persistent hyperthyroidism at 18 months, or with a relapse after completing a course of MMI, can opt for a definitive therapy with radioactive iodine (RAI) or total thyroidectomy (TX). Continued long-term, low-dose MMI administration is a valuable and safe alternative. Patient choice, both at initial presentation of GD and at recurrence, should be emphasized. Propylthiouracil is preferred to MMI during the first trimester of pregnancy. TX is best performed by a high-volume thyroid surgeon. RAI should be avoided in GD patients with active GO, especially in smokers. Recently, a promising therapy with an anti-insulin-like growth factor-1 monoclonal antibody for patients with active/severe GO was approved by the Food and Drug Administration. COVID-19 infection is a risk factor for poorly controlled hyperthyroidism, which contributes to the infection-related mortality risk. If GO is not severe, systemic steroid treatment should be postponed during COVID-19 while local treatment and preventive measures are offered. CONCLUSIONS: A clear trend towards serological diagnosis and medical treatment of GD has emerged.


Assuntos
Gerenciamento Clínico , Doença de Graves/diagnóstico , Oftalmopatia de Graves/diagnóstico , Hipertireoidismo/diagnóstico , Imunoglobulinas Glândula Tireoide-Estimulantes/sangue , Antitireóideos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Doença de Graves/complicações , Doença de Graves/terapia , Oftalmopatia de Graves/etiologia , Oftalmopatia de Graves/terapia , Humanos , Hipertireoidismo/complicações , Hipertireoidismo/terapia , Imunoglobulinas Glândula Tireoide-Estimulantes/imunologia , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Metimazol/uso terapêutico , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/terapia , Receptores da Tireotropina/imunologia , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândula Tireoide/imunologia , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Ultrassonografia
6.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 903-917, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981625

RESUMO

Care of the critically ill pregnant patient is anxiety-provoking for those unprepared, as the emergency physician must consider not only the welfare of the immediate patient, but of the fetus as well. Familiarity with the physiologic changes of pregnancy and how they affect clinical presentation and management is key. Although some medications may be safer in pregnancy than others, stabilizing the pregnant patient is paramount. Emergency physicians should target pregnancy-specific oxygen and ventilation goals and hemodynamics and should be prepared to perform a perimortem cesarean section, should the mother lose pulses, to increase chances for maternal and fetal survival.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez/terapia , Ressuscitação/métodos , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Gasometria , Cesárea , Contraindicações de Medicamentos , Estado Terminal , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Monitorização Fetal , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/administração & dosagem , Intubação Intratraqueal , Troca Materno-Fetal , Ventilação não Invasiva , Circulação Placentária , Gravidez/fisiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Choque/terapia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21416, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Viral hepatitis type B is caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Several studies have linked HBV infection to a higher risk of developing intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), although some give contradictory results. To investigate the association and estimated risk of ICP in patients with HBV infection, we conducted this meta-analysis to summarize all available evidence. METHODS: This study consists of 2 meta-analyses. A literature search was performed using MEDLINE and EMBASE from inception to July 2019. The first study included studies that reported associations between HBV infection and the risk of ICP. The second analysis included studies comparing the risk of HBV infection in ICP patients with those without ICP. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using a random-effect, inverse variance method. RESULTS: Four studies were included in both analyses. The OR of ICP in HBV-infected pregnant women compared with non-HBV pregnant women was 1.68 (95% CI 1.43-1.97; I = 0%). The OR of HBV infection among ICP patients compared with non-ICP patients was 1.70 (95% CI 1.44-2.01; I = 0%). CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis demonstrates not only a higher risk of ICP among HBV-infected pregnant women but also an increased risk of HBV infection among ICP patients. These findings suggest that HBV is a high-risk factor for ICP and screening for hepatitis B in women with ICP symptoms may be beneficial.


Assuntos
Colestase Intra-Hepática/diagnóstico , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Colestase Intra-Hepática/complicações , Feminino , Hepatite B/complicações , Humanos , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Fatores de Risco
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(8)2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784239

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has presented many diagnostic challenges and uncertainties. Little is known about common pathologies complicating pregnancy and how their behaviour is modified by the presence of SARS-CoV-2. Pregnancy itself can alter the body's response to viral infection, which can cause more severe symptoms. We report the first case of a patient affected with sudden-onset severe pre-eclampsia complicated by acute fatty liver disease of pregnancy, HELLP (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet) syndrome and acute kidney injury following SARS-CoV-2 infection. Although an initial diagnostic dilemma, a multidisciplinary team approach was required to ensure a favourable outcome for both the mother and the baby. Our case report highlights the need for health professionals caring for pregnant women to be aware of the complex interplay between SARS-CoV-2 infection and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/complicações , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Fígado Gorduroso/complicações , Síndrome HELLP/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pré-Eclâmpsia/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Fígado Gorduroso/sangue , Fígado Gorduroso/diagnóstico , Feminino , Síndrome HELLP/sangue , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pré-Eclâmpsia/sangue , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/sangue
11.
Pediatrics ; 146(3)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe maternal morbidity (SMM) comprises an array of conditions and procedures denoting an acutely life-threatening pregnancy-related condition. SMM may further compromise fetal well-being. Empirical data are lacking about the relation between SMM and infant mortality. METHODS: This population-based cohort study included 1 892 857 singleton births between 2002 and 2017 in Ontario, Canada, within a universal health care system. The exposure was SMM as an overall construct arising from 23 weeks' gestation up to 42 days after the index delivery. The primary outcome was infant mortality from birth to 365 days. Multivariable modified Poisson regression generated relative risks and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), adjusted for maternal age, income, rurality, world region of origin, diabetes mellitus, and chronic hypertension. RESULTS: Infant mortality occurred among 174 of 19 587 live births with SMM (8.9 per 1000) vs 5289 of 1 865 791 live births without SMM (2.8 per 1000) (an adjusted relative risk of 2.93 [95% CI 2.51-3.41]). Of 19 587 pregnancies with SMM, 4523 (23.1%) had sepsis. Relative to births without SMM, the adjusted odds ratio for infant death from sepsis was 1.95 (95% CI 1.10-3.45) if SMM occurred without maternal sepsis and 6.36 (95% CI 3.50-11.55) if SMM included sepsis. CONCLUSIONS: SMM confers a higher risk of infant death. There is also coupling tendency (concurrent event of interest) between SMM with sepsis and infant death from sepsis. Identification of preventable SMM indicators, as well as the development of strategies to limit their onset or progression, may reduce infant mortality.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Infantil/tendências , Saúde Materna/tendências , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Ontário/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol ; 41(3): 191-197, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838629

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pregnant women are facing numerous COVID-19 related burdens including social isolation, financial insecurity, uncertainty about the impact of the virus on fetal development, and prenatal care restrictions. We tested the psychometric properties of a new instrument designed to assess the extent and types of pandemic-related stress experienced by pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 4,451 pregnant women from across the U.S. were recruited via social media and completed an online questionnaire in April-May 2020. The questionnaire included measures of psychological, sociodemographic, and obstetric factors and the new Pandemic-Related Pregnancy Stress Scale (PREPS). RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analyses of the PREPS showed excellent model fit. Three factors - Perinatal Infection Stress (5 items), Preparedness Stress (7 items), and Positive Appraisal (3 items) - converged and diverged with expected psychological factors, and scales created from these factors demonstrated acceptable to good reliability (α's 0.68-0.86). In addition, mean PREPS scores were associated with perceived risk of infection, and with financial and vocational COVID-19 related burdens. CONCLUSION: The PREPS is a robust instrument to assess multidimensional COVID-19 pandemic prenatal stress. It is a valuable tool for future research to examine vulnerability to pandemic stress and how this stress may affect women and their offspring.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias , Gravidez , Gestantes/psicologia , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(29): e21110, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702860

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is extremely hazardous to pregnant woman in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. AFLP has an insidious onset and nonspecific experimental indicators, which therefore is difficult to be diagnosed. PATIENT CONCERNS: Case 1 was transferred to our hospital for hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy at gestation of 38 weeks + 3 days. Case 2 was transferred to our hospital for suspicious fetal heart monitoring response at gestation of 36 weeks + 4 days. Case 3 was transferred to our hospital for prelabor rupture of membranes at gestation of 37 weeks + 1 days. DIAGNOSIS: The diagnosis of AFLP was based on the Swansea criteria. INTERVENTIONS: All 3 cases were delivered by cesarean section, and they were all transferred to intensive care unit for further treatment. Cases 2 and 3 were subjected to plasma exchange and continuous renal replacement therapy. OUTCOMES: In this study, all 3 patients were initially diagnosed as gastritis. In addition, case 1 was diagnosed as preeclampsia and her AFLP was misdiagnosed with postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean delivery. Case 2 was admitted to the hospital for intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy and fetal distress, but we considered it as AFLP before delivery. Case 3 was treated according to severe intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, but we rediagnosed it as postpartum hemorrhage and disseminated intravascular coagulation after cesarean delivery. Neonatal asphyxia and complications were not found. All of the 3 cases were fully recovered and discharged from our hospital. LESSONS: If there are multiple risk factors including vomiting, abdominal pain, and fetal distress, AFLP should be highly suspected. Early diagnosis, especially before termination of pregnancy, is the key to successful treatment of AFLP.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Adulto , China , Diagnóstico Tardio/efeitos adversos , Fígado Gorduroso/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
16.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 30(9): 1520-1524, 2020 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32665208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite evidence that pregnancy planning improves outcomes, in Italy, as in many other countries worldwide, <50% of women with diabetes prepare their pregnancy. The aim of this study was to document training and knowledge on diabetes and pregnancy (D&P) among diabetes professionals. METHODS AND RESULTS: We administered an anonymous online questionnaire, focused on diabetes and pregnancy planning, to diabetes team members. Between Nov-2017 and Jul-2018, n = 395 professionals (60% diabetes/endocrinology/internal medicine specialists, 28% fellows) completed the survey. Fifty-nine percent of the specialists, mainly (78%) those completing their fellowship after 2006, reported having received training on D&P during fellowship. Considering specialists reporting training, 43% correctly identified fetal risks of inadequate preconceptional glucose control and 55% maternal risks, 38% identified risks associated with overweight/obesity, and 39% would prescribe hormonal contraception to women with diabetes only if glucose control is good. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our survey suggest the need to improve training and awareness of professionals in the area of diabetes and pregnancy.


Assuntos
Endocrinologistas/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Medicina Interna , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Gravidez em Diabéticas/terapia , Adulto , Anticoncepção , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Endocrinologistas/educação , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar , Bolsas de Estudo , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina Interna/educação , Internato e Residência , Masculino , Saúde Materna , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez em Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Gravidez em Diabéticas/fisiopatologia , Gravidez não Planejada , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Especialização , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234346, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The two part Kimberley Mum's Mood Scale (KMMS) has been developed and validated as a culturally appropriate perinatal depression and anxiety screening tool for Aboriginal women living in the sparsely populated Kimberley region of North West Australia. As part of implementation aspects of user acceptability were explored to improve clinical utilisation of the KMMS. METHODS: Eighteen health professionals involved in perinatal care participated in an online survey or a qualitative semi-structured interview. Ten Aboriginal women (who held administrative, professional or executive roles) were subsequently interviewed in depth to further explore aspects of KMMS user acceptability. RESULTS: Many of the health professionals were not using the second part of the KMMS (the psychosocial discussion tool). Time constraints and a perception that the KMMS is only appropriate for women with literacy issues were identified by health professionals as significant barriers to KMMS uptake. In contrast the Aboriginal women interviewed considered the KMMS to be important for literate Aboriginal women and placed high value on having the time and space to 'yarn' with health professionals about issues that are important to them. CONCLUSION: Implementing the KMMS across the Kimberley region requires health professionals to be trained. It also requires strategic engagement with health services to ensure health professionals and mangers understand the rationale and significance of the KMMS and are engaged in its successful implementation.


Assuntos
Afeto , Saúde Mental , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos/psicologia , Assistência Perinatal/métodos , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Adulto , Ansiedade/complicações , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente , Depressão/complicações , Depressão/diagnóstico , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Austrália Ocidental , Adulto Jovem
18.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234240, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525958

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A history of major depressive disorder before pregnancy is one risk factor for peripartum depression. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine the validation and factor structure of the Japanese version of the Inventory to Diagnose Depression, Lifetime version (IDDL) for pregnant women. METHODS: The study participants were 556 pregnant women. Factor analysis was performed to identify the factor structure, construct validity was examined based on the results of the factor analysis, and reliability was examined using Cronbach's α coefficient. RESULTS: Based on the results of the factor analysis of the IDDL, a bifactor model composed of a single general dimension along with the following five factors was extracted: (1) depression, anxiety, and irritability (items 1, 2, 8-10, and 19-21); (2) retardation, decreased concentration, indecisiveness, and insomnia (items 4, 11, 12, and 17); (3) decrease in appetite/significant weight loss (items 13 and 14); (4) increase in appetite/significant weight gain (items 15 and 16); and (5) diminished interest, pleasure, and libido (items 5-7). Cronbach's α coefficients for these five factors were as follows: 0.910, 0.815, 0.780, 0.683, and 0.803, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The reliability, construct validity, and factor structure of the Japanese version of the IDDL were confirmed in pregnant women.


Assuntos
Depressão/diagnóstico , Idioma , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Psicometria , Adulto Jovem
19.
BJOG ; 127(10): 1229-1240, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the mental status of pregnant women and to determine their obstetric decisions during the COVID-19 outbreak. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two cities in China--Wuhan (epicentre) and Chongqing (a less affected city). POPULATION: A total of 1947 pregnant women. METHODS: We collected demographic, pregnancy and epidemic information from our pregnant subjects, along with their attitudes towards COVID-19 (using a self-constructed five-point scale). The Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) was used to assess anxiety status. Obstetric decision-making was also evaluated. The differences between cities in all of the above factors were compared and the factors that influenced anxiety levels were identified by multivariable analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Anxiety status and its influencing factors. Obstetric decision-making. RESULTS: Differences were observed between cities in some background characteristics and women's attitudes towards COVID-19 in Wuhan were more extreme. More women in Wuhan felt anxious (24.5 versus 10.4%). Factors that influenced anxiety also included household income, subjective symptom and attitudes. Overall, obstetric decisions also revealed city-based differences; these decisions mainly concerned hospital preference, time of prenatal care or delivery, mode of delivery and infant feeding. CONCLUSIONS: The outbreak aggravated prenatal anxiety and the associated factors could be targets for psychological care. In parallel, key obstetric decision-making changed, emphasising the need for pertinent professional advice. Special support is essential for pregnant mothers during epidemics. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: The COVID-19 outbreak increased pregnant women's anxiety and affected their decision-making.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Infecções por Coronavirus , Parto Obstétrico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Complicações na Gravidez , Gestantes/psicologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/psicologia , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Cuidado Pré-Natal/psicologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
20.
Matern Child Health J ; 24(9): 1179-1188, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557132

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare the prevalence of antenatal admissions and mean length of stay among women with opioid-affected and non-opioid-affected deliveries; (2) examine predictors of admission; and (3) describe the most common discharge diagnoses in each group. METHODS: Using data from seven states in the State Inpatient Databases for varying years between 2009 and 2014, delivery hospitalizations among women 18 years of age and older were identified and classified as opioid-affected or non-opioid-affected. Antenatal admissions were linked to deliveries. The antenatal admission ratio and mean length of stay for each group were calculated; the percentage of deliveries in each group with no, any, one, two, or three or more antenatal admissions were compared with t-tests. Logistic regression models estimated odds of any antenatal admission, stratified by opioid-affected and non-opioid-affected deliveries. Frequencies were tabulated for the ten most common discharge diagnoses in each group. RESULTS: Of 2,684,970 deliveries, 14,765 were opioid-affected. Admissions among women with opioid-affected deliveries were more prevalent (26.4 per 100 deliveries) compared to 6.7 among women with non-opioid-affected deliveries and were associated with a 1.5-day longer mean length of stay. The presence of a behavioral health condition was associated with higher odds of antenatal admission in both groups, with a particularly strong association among women with opioid-affected deliveries. Six of the ten most common diagnoses for admissions prior to opioid-affected deliveries were behavioral health-related. CONCLUSIONS FOR PRACTICE: These results highlight the importance of addressing the large burden of behavioral health conditions among pregnant women, especially those with opioid dependence and abuse.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Idade Materna , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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