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1.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371989

RESUMO

Currently, one of the main public health problems among children and adolescents is poor adherence to healthy habits, leading to increasingly high rates of obesity and the comorbidities that accompany obesity. Early interventions are necessary, and among them, the use of gamification can be an effective method. The objective was to analyse the effect of game-based interventions (gamification) for improving nutritional habits, knowledge, and changes in body composition. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed in CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, MEDLINE, SciELO, and Scopus databases, following the PRISMA recommendations. There was no restriction by year of publication or language. Only randomized controlled trials were included. Twenty-three articles were found. After the intervention, the consumption of fruit and vegetables increased, as well as the knowledge on healthy food groups. The means difference showed a higher nutritional knowledge score in the intervention group 95% CI 0.88 (0.05-1.75). No significant effect of gamification was found for body mass index z-score. Gamification could be an effective method to improve nutritional knowledge about healthier nutritional habits. Promoting the development of effective educational tools to support learning related to nutrition is necessary in order to avoid and prevent chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Dieta Saudável/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Jogos de Vídeo/psicologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Composição Corporal , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Pediátrica/prevenção & controle
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(30): e26563, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397687

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to assess the outcome of community-based nutritional counseling interventions on eating habits of rural-dwelling children. METHODS: A group-randomized trial design was used in this study. A total of 108 rural-dwelling children from a community in the Enugu North agricultural zone, Enugu State, who participated in the study. The children were randomly assigned to 2 groups: the treatment group (n = 54) and the no-treatment control group (n = 54). The child eating behavior questionnaire was used for data collection. Parents of the participating children within each study group completed the child eating behavior questionnaire at 3 time points. The data collected were analyzed using an independent sample t test at a probability level of .05. RESULT: The outcome of the study showed that the children's eating habits in the treatment group improved positively following the community-based nutritional counseling intervention. The positive gain from exposure to the community-based nutritional counseling intervention program was sustained during follow-up for children in the treatment group compared with the no-treatment group. CONCLUSION: The community-based nutrition counseling intervention carried out among children in rural communities had a positive adjustment in children's eating habits. The intervention requires the constant collaboration of professional childhood educators, caregivers, home economists, school staff, healthcare specialists, families, and the children themselves. Furthermore, there is a need for future long-term evaluations of the effects of community-based nutritional counseling interventions on children's nutrition and eating habits.


Assuntos
Aconselhamento/métodos , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Terapia Nutricional/normas , Adolescente , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria , Terapia Nutricional/métodos , Terapia Nutricional/estatística & dados numéricos , Estado Nutricional
3.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202394

RESUMO

Parents are important agents in shaping children's eating habits. However, the associations between children's and parents' eating behaviors are complex and may be convoluted for various reasons, such as parenting feeding styles, stressful mealtimes, and children's neurodevelopmental disorders (ND), such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The purpose of this study was to analyze associations between parents and their children's fussy eating, in a cross-sectional sample of children, with and without ND. Ninety-seven parents answered screening questionnaires prior to an intervention study. Associations were investigated using two-way ANOVAs and chi-square analyses. Overall, children with ND accepted fewer food items and consumed unhealthier foods more frequently than children without ND. Fussy eating parents had children who accepted fewer food items and consumed unhealthier foods more frequently than children whose parents were not fussy eaters. Interaction effects were not significant. A higher proportion of fussy eating parents, than non-fussy eating parents, had children who had difficulties with combined foods and hidden ingredients. The findings highlight the need for further investigation into the relationships between parents' influence on their children's eating behavior and food consumption, as well as possible reciprocal impacts.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Seletividade Alimentar , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Lancet ; 398(10297): 355-364, 2021 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197808

RESUMO

Physical punishment is increasingly viewed as a form of violence that harms children. This narrative review summarises the findings of 69 prospective longitudinal studies to inform practitioners and policy makers about physical punishment's outcomes. Our review identified seven key themes. First, physical punishment consistently predicts increases in child behaviour problems over time. Second, physical punishment is not associated with positive outcomes over time. Third, physical punishment increases the risk of involvement with child protective services. Fourth, the only evidence of children eliciting physical punishment is for externalising behaviour. Fifth, physical punishment predicts worsening behaviour over time in quasi-experimental studies. Sixth, associations between physical punishment and detrimental child outcomes are robust across child and parent characteristics. Finally, there is some evidence of a dose-response relationship. The consistency of these findings indicates that physical punishment is harmful to children and that policy remedies are warranted.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Punição/psicologia , Criança , Serviços de Proteção Infantil , Educação Infantil/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Humanos
5.
Nutrients ; 13(5)2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070137

RESUMO

As the most likely primary caregivers, mothers are an integral part of children's social influence and are therefore greatly involved in shaping their children's behaviors. The objectives were to determine the prospective associations between maternal and child diet quality and sedentary behaviors. This study, within the framework of a community-based intervention study, included 1130 children aged 8-10 years and their mothers. The study was carried out during two academic years (2012/2014) with a mean follow-up of 15 months. Exposure and outcome variables were measured at baseline and follow-up, respectively. Diet quality was assessed by the KIDMED questionnaire and the short Diet Quality Screener, respectively. Sedentary behaviors were determined by standardized questions of sedentary behaviors. Maternal consumption of fruits, vegetables, fish, legumes, pasta/rice, dairy products, nuts and baked goods were positively associated (p < 0.05) with the corresponding child behavior. Multiple linear regression models adjusted for sex, age, maternal education and intervention group revealed significant cross-sectional (p < 0.005) and prospective (p < 0.01) associations between maternal and child overall diet quality and sedentary behaviors. Maternal diet quality and sedentary behaviors were predictive for these lifestyle behaviors in children.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Dieta/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Comportamento Materno/psicologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Adulto , Criança , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Valor Nutritivo , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 11713, 2021 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34083653

RESUMO

In Spain, in order to control COVID-19 transmission, one of the strictest confinement measures in the world for children and teenagers has been implemented. From 14 March to 26 April 2020 underage Spaniards were not allowed to leave their homes, except for reasons of force majeure. This could have consequences on their mental health in both the short and the long term. Thus, the aim of the present study was to explore the consequences of confinement on the mental health of Spanish children and teenagers, at the time when minors had been locked down in their homes between 8 and 10 days. The sample was composed of 590 confined Spanish children and teenagers between 8 and 18 years old. The scales of Depression, Self-esteem, Anxiety, Problems with Emotional Regulation, Rage Control Problems, Integration and Social Competence, Somatic Complaints, Rebellious Behaviour, as well as Awareness of the Problems of the Assessment System for Children and Adolescents (SENA) were used. The results revealed that, during confinement, children and adolescents showed emotional and behavioural alterations. This study, as far as we know, is the first one to explore the psychological consequences of lockdown in minors while it was taking place, with them being the ones directly assessed.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , COVID-19 , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Adolescente , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Quarentena , Autoimagem , Fatores Sexuais , Isolamento Social , Espanha/epidemiologia
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): 170-176, Junio 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1222869

RESUMO

Introducción. Los jóvenes no fueron muy afectados desde el punto de vista infeccioso por la pandemia de COVID-19. Sin embargo, las medidas de aislamiento social modificaron de manera profunda su estilo de vida, y se cree que esto los afecta psicológicamente. El objetivo fue evaluar el impacto del aislamiento por COVID-19en la salud emocional de jóvenes en escolaridad primaria o secundaria.Población y métodos. Participaron del estudio padres de jóvenes de San Carlos de Bariloche. Se evaluó la percepción del adulto sobre el impacto emocional y de comportamiento del aislamiento sobre el joven, cambio de hábitos de sueño, uso de pantallas, actividades deportivas y alimentación y de asistencia a consulta médica.Resultados. Se incluyeron 267 padres. El 96,3 % observó cambios emocionales y de comportamiento. Los más frecuentes fueron que estaban más aburridos (el 76,8 %), irritables (el 59,2 %), desganados (el 56,9 %) y enojados (el 54,7 %). Se observó que se levantaban y acostaban más tarde y dormían 30 minutos más. Además, el uso de pantallas por esparcimiento aumentó 3 horas durante los días hábiles. El tiempo dedicado a la actividad física no varió, pero sí cambió el tipo de actividades: la natación y los deportes de equipo fueron reemplazados por ciclismo, caminatas y esquí.Conclusiones. El aislamiento por COVID-19impactó sobre la salud emocional y los hábitos de los jóvenes. El aburrimiento, la irritabilidad y el desgano estuvieron más presentes durante el aislamiento. La posibilidad de realizar actividades al aire libre permitió que continuaran practicando deportes.


Introduction. From an infectious perspective, children and adolescents were not highly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, social isolation measures have deeply changed their lifestyle, which is believed to have a psychological impact on them. The objective was to assess the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on the emotional health of children and adolescents attending primary or secondary school.Population and methods. Parents of children and adolescents from San Carlos de Bariloche participated in the study. Adults' perception of the emotional and behavioral impact of lockdown on children and adolescents, changes in sleeping habits, screen use, sports-related activities, eating, and medical consultations, was assessed.Results. A total of 267 parents were included. Of them, 96.3 % noticed emotional and behavioral changes. The most common ones were that their children were more bored (76.8 %), more irritable (59.2 %), more reluctant (56.9 %), and angrier (54.7 %). It was observed that they woke up and went to bed later, and slept 30 minutes more. Moreover, leisure screen use increased by 3 hours on weekdays. Time dedicated to physical activities did not change, but the type of activities did: swimming and team sports were replaced by biking, walking, and skiing.Conclusions. COVID-19 lockdown affected the emotional health and habits of children and adolescents. Boredom, irritability, and reluctance were more present during lockdown. The possibility of doing outdoor physical activities allowed them to keep practicing sports


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Educação à Distância , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Pais , Argentina/epidemiologia , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Saúde Mental/tendências , Saúde da Criança/tendências , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Saúde do Adolescente/tendências , Pandemias , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia
10.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 119(3): 170-176, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34033416

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: From an infectious perspective, children and adolescents were not highly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, social isolation measures have deeply changed their lifestyle, which is believed to have a psychological impact on them. The objective was to assess the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on the emotional health of children and adolescents attending primary or secondary school. POPULATION AND METHODS: Parents of children and adolescents from San Carlos de Bariloche participated in the study. Adults' perception of the emotional and behavioral impact of lockdown on children and adolescents, changes in sleeping habits, screen use, sports-related activities, eating, and medical consultations, was assessed. RESULTS: A total of 267 parents were included. Of them, 96.3 % noticed emotional and behavioral changes. The most common ones were that their children were more bored (76.8 %), more irritable (59.2 %), more reluctant (56.9 %), and angrier (54.7 %). It was observed that they woke up and went to bed later, and slept 30 minutes more. Moreover, leisure screen use increased by 3 hours on weekdays. Time dedicated to physical activities did not change, but the type of activities did: swimming and team sports were replaced by biking, walking, and skiing. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 lockdown affected the emotional health and habits of children and adolescents. Boredom, irritability, and reluctance were more present during lockdown. The possibility of doing outdoor physical activities allowed them to keep practicing sports.


Assuntos
Saúde do Adolescente/tendências , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Saúde da Criança/tendências , Educação à Distância , Saúde Mental/tendências , Distanciamento Físico , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pais , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Instituições Acadêmicas , Adulto Jovem
11.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33803655

RESUMO

Impact of parental feeding practices on children's eating behaviors is well-documented in the literature. Nevertheless, little is known about how many of these behaviors might persist into adulthood. There is a lack of a tool measuring childhood feeding experiences recollected by adults, while the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire (CFPQ) is used to measure parental feeding practices applied towards children. The aim of the study was to adapt the CFPQ to measure adults' recollections of their childhood (5-10 years old) feeding experiences, to examine its discriminant validity and then to assess if these practices are related to adults' food choices. In 2020, the modified version of CFPQ (mCFPQ) and questions on current food consumption were administered in a group of 500 adults twice over a two-week interval. The analysis included 443 participants whose questionnaires were correctly completed in both stages of the study. The Q-sorting procedure was used to test for discriminant validity of the questionnaire, i.e., confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis (EFA), Cronbach's alpha, correlations coefficients, and the analysis of the differences between groups according to the intake of certain food products. Test-retest reliability was examined by calculating interclass correlation coefficients (ICC) for each obtained factor. As a result of EFA, five subscales were identified: "Restrictions", "Healthy Eating Guidance", "Pressure and Food Reward", "Monitoring", and "Child Control". Items from these subscales created a new tool-Adults' Memories of Feeding in Childhood (AMoFiC). Test for internal consistency, factor correlations, and discriminant validity proved satisfactory psychometric parameters of AMoFiC. "Pressure and Food Reward" and "Child Control" were associated with higher intake of sweets and salty snacks, whereas "Healthy Eating Guidance", "Monitoring", and "Restrictions" were associated with higher consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables. Despite the fact that the AMoFiC questionnaire requires further research, the findings of the study might be of practical use in counseling addressed to the parents.


Assuntos
Crianças Adultas/psicologia , Inquéritos sobre Dietas/normas , Dieta Saudável/psicologia , Preferências Alimentares/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Comportamento de Escolha , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Rememoração Mental , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
Nutrients ; 13(4)2021 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33920602

RESUMO

Although there is a large body of research connecting emotion to eating behaviors, little is known about the role of caregivers' responses to children's emotions in the context of child feeding. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relation between caregivers' emotional responsiveness and feeding responsiveness. The mothers of 137 children between 2 and 6 years of age reported on their responses to children's negative emotions using the Coping with Children's Negative Emotions Scale and on their feeding practices using the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire. The results showed that mothers' supportive emotion responses (e.g., problem-focused, emotion-focused, and expressive encouragement reactions) tend to be positively associated with responsive feeding practices (e.g., encouraging, modelling, and teaching healthy food-related behaviors). Instead, mothers' unsupportive responses (e.g., distress, punitive and minimization reactions) tend to be positively associated with nonresponsive feeding practices (e.g., food as reward or to regulate emotions, and pressure to eat) and negatively associated with responsive feeding practices. Our results suggest that emotional and feeding responsiveness may be intertwined and that differences in parent's emotional responsiveness may translate into differences in their feeding styles, setting the stage for parents' use of positive vs. negative feeding practices.


Assuntos
Dieta Saudável/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Portugal , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0247361, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33690608

RESUMO

Are you Richard? Are you Anne? We look at the strategic problem in the children's guessing game Guess Who, which is a form of zero-sum symmetric game with perfect information. We discuss some preliminary strategic insights and formally derive an optimal strategy and win-probabilities for the game. We discuss the first-mover advantage in the game and other strategic aspects coming out of the optimal strategy. While the paper is based on the popular children's game, our analysis generalises the actual game by allowing any initial game state with an arbitrarily large number of starting characters. With the aid of these mathematical results you can now comprehensively thrash your young children and be a terrible parent!


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Algoritmos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Teoria do Jogo , Humanos , Masculino
14.
Child Dev ; 92(2): 517-535, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759448

RESUMO

There is growing interest in the role of linguistic cues (accents, dialects, language) in driving children's social preferences. This meta-analysis integrated 131 effect sizes involving 2,680 infants and children from 2 days old to 11 years. Overall, children prefer native-accent, native-dialect, and native-language speakers over non-native counterparts (d = 0.57). Meta-regression highlighted that bilinguals (d = 0.93) do not exhibit less native-speaker preference compared to monolinguals (d = 0.62). Children displayed stronger preferences based on accent (d = 1.04) than dialect (d = 0.44) and language (d = 0.39). Children's cultural background, exposure to non-native speech, age, and preference measure were not significant moderators. The data are discussed in light of several theoretical explanations for when and why children show linguistic-based social preferences.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Cultura , Relações Interpessoais , Multilinguismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Compreensão , Sinais (Psicologia) , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Linguística , Masculino , Comportamento Social , Percepção da Fala
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(13): e24961, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787582

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: It is important to investigate children's eating habits based on different eating behaviors such as satiety responsiveness (SR), slowness in eating (SE), food fussiness (FF), food responsiveness (FR), enjoyment of food (EF), desire to drink (DD), emotional under-eating (EUE), and emotional over-eating (EOE). The main objective of this research was to investigate whether gender affects the eating habits of Nigerian school children.A cross-sectional survey was conducted between March and June 2019. A total of 120 parents of school children participated in the study. The Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) was used to collect data. The CEBQ is composed of 35 items and eight subscales.Based on the analysis of parents' reports, DD was higher in boys than girls, t (118) = 7.086, P < .001; EOE was higher in boys than girls, t (118) = 5.184, P < .001; EF was higher in boys than girls, t (118) = 2.183, P < .001; FF was higher in boys than girls, t (118) = 9.441, P < .001; and SR was higher in boys than girls, t (118) = 7.323, P < .001. However, EUE was lower in boys than girls, t (118) = -4.339, P < .001; FR was lower in boys than girls, t(118) = -3.112, P < .001; SE was lower in boys than girls, t(118) = -3.832, P < .001; thus, gender had a significant influence on eating habits of the school children.Gender significantly affects the eating habits of Nigerian school children. Thus, gender is an important factor to be considered when aiming to improve the eating habits of Nigerian school children.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Estudantes/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Feminino , Seletividade Alimentar , Humanos , Hiperfagia/psicologia , Masculino , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668380

RESUMO

Positive influences of family members have been associated with a high probability of children's daily breakfast consumption. Therefore, the aim of this study was to scrutinize the association of breakfast routines between mothers and their children. The baseline data of the Feel4Diabetes-study was obtained in 9760 children (49.05% boys)-mother pairs in six European countries. A parental self-reported questionnaire gauging the frequency of breakfast consumption and of breakfast´ foods and beverages consumption was used. Agreement in routines of mothers and their children's breakfast consumption was analyzed in sex-specific crosstabs. The relationship of breakfast routine and food groups' consumption between mothers and their children was assessed with analysis of covariance. The highest proportion of children who always consumed breakfast were those whose mothers always consumed it. Children consuming breakfast regularly had a higher intake of milk or unsweetened dairy products and all kind of cereal products (low fiber and whole-grain) than occasional breakfast consumers (p < 0.05). The strong similarity between mothers and children suggests a transfer of breakfast routine from mothers to their children, as a high proportion of children who usually consume breakfast were from mothers also consuming breakfast. All breakfast foods and beverages consumption frequencies were similar between children and their mothers.


Assuntos
Desjejum/psicologia , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Criança , Análise por Conglomerados , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652798

RESUMO

Coparenting quality and food parenting practices have been shown to have a strong influence on child outcomes. However, little is known about whether coparenting quality may influence food parenting practices. This study aimed to investigate how coparenting quality is associated with both mothers' and fathers' food parenting practices. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted of 58 mothers and 40 fathers enrolled in the Guelph Family Health Study. The Coparenting Relationship Scale and the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire were used to measure coparenting and food parenting practices, respectively. Linear regressions using generalized estimating equations were used to examine associations between coparenting quality and food parenting practices in mothers and fathers. Among mothers, higher coparenting quality was associated with lower use of food for emotional regulation, restriction of food for health, and child control of food intake and with higher encouragement of a balanced and varied diet, provision of a healthy home environment, and modeling of healthy eating behaviors. Among fathers, higher coparenting quality was associated with lower pressure to eat and with higher encouragement of a balanced and varied diet and provision of a healthy home environment. Coparenting quality is associated with food parenting practices among both mothers and fathers. Interventions aiming to improve food parenting practices should include fathers and should consider targeting parents' coparenting relationship.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Pai/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Saúde da Família , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Ontário , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
18.
Child Dev ; 92(2): 746-759, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783830

RESUMO

Childhood adversity is linked to shortened telomere length (TL), but behavioral indicators of telomere attrition remain unclear. This study examined the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and child TL, and if ACEs were indirectly associated with TL through children's self-regulatory abilities (i.e., effortful control and self-control). Hypotheses were tested using national data from teachers, parents, and their children (N = 2,527; Mage  = 9.35, SD = .36 years). More ACEs were uniquely associated with short TL, and low self-control mediated the association between more ACEs and short TL. While longitudinal studies are needed to strengthen claims of causation, this study identifies a pathway from ACEs to TL that should be explored further.


Assuntos
Experiências Adversas da Infância/psicologia , Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Autocontrole/psicologia , Homeostase do Telômero/fisiologia , Encurtamento do Telômero/fisiologia , Adolescente , Experiências Adversas da Infância/tendências , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pais/psicologia
19.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0246041, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529267

RESUMO

Sociality is the tendency to spontaneously interact with others to establish and maintain relationships. Some approaches, including questionnaires, tests, controlled experiments, and qualitative field research, cannot capture complex social interactions, such as in children during nursery activities, because of problems with ecological validity and the labor cost of analysis. Here, we introduced a new methodology for the quantitative analysis of spontaneous social movement and investigated children's group behavior using position data. We periodically visited a nursery and recorded videos of eurhythmics, in which children move in tune with music, in different classes. The results revealed that children in the six-year-old class approached others in a short period of time (within one second) and established group behavior like that in a game of tag. It can be interpreted that such social behavior may include actions related to the cognition of anticipating others' behaviors in a complex situation. Although only a small amount of data could be acquired, this study suggests one of the characteristics of social behaviors in the classroom considering an ecological approach.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Comportamento Social , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Processos Grupais , Humanos , Masculino , Movimento
20.
Front Public Health ; 9: 608358, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33614580

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed individuals' lifestyles to a great extent, particularly in Italy. Although many concerns about it have been highlighted, its impact on children and adolescents has scarcely been examined. The purpose of this study was to explore behavioral consequences and coping strategies related to the pandemic among families in Italy, by focusing on developmental ages from the caregivers' perspective, 3 weeks into quarantine. An exploratory cross-sectional online survey was conducted over 14 days. Google Forms was employed to conduct the survey. Demographic variables and pre-existing Psychological Weaknesses (PsW) were asked. Adults' sleep difficulties (SleepScore) and coping strategies during quarantine were assessed. Behavioral changes related to quarantine of both subjects completing the form (COVIDStress) and their children (when present) were questioned. Of the 6,871 respondents, we selected 6,800 valid questionnaires; 3,245 declared children aged under 18 years of age (caregivers). PsWs were recognizable in 64.9% among non-caregivers and in 61.5% of caregivers, with a mean PsW score of 1.42 ± 1.26 and 1.30 ± 1.25 over 3 points, respectively. The 95.5% of the non-caregivers and the 96.5% of caregivers presented behavioral changes with a mean COVIDStress of 3.85 ± 1.82 and 4.09 ± 1.79 over 8, respectively (p<0.001). Sleep difficulties were present in the 61.6% of the non-caregivers and in the 64.4% of the caregivers (p < 0.001), who showed higher SleepScores (2.41 ± 1.26 against 2.57 ± 1.38 points over 6, p < 0.001). COVIDStress (and SleepScore) strongly correlated with PsW (p < 0.001). Caregivers observed behavioral changes in their children in the 64.3% of the <6 years old and in 72.5% of 6-18 years old. Caregivers' discomfort related to quarantine (COVIDStress, SleepScore) was strongly associated to behavioral changes in both age groups of <6 and 6-18 (p < 0.001). Presence of caregivers' coping strategies was less associated to behavioral changes in the <6 sample (p = 0.001) but not in the 6-18 (p = 0.06). The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted families in Italy with regard to behavioral changes, especially in high-risk categories with PsWs and caregivers, especially the ones with children aged <6 years. While coping strategies functioned as protective factors, a wide array of stress symptoms had implications for children's and adolescents' behaviors. It is recommended that public children welfare strategies be implemented, especially for higher-psychosocial-risk categories.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , COVID-19/psicologia , Comportamento Infantil , Família/psicologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
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