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1.
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 10(1): 9-19, Enero 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-214140

RESUMO

Conduct problems (CP) constitute a major field for child clinical psychology, in terms of not only prevalence, but also developmental, social, andclinical relevance. This study carried out an umbrella review of meta-analyses on the efficacy of treatment/indicated prevention of child CP (meanage range up to 12 years). Following a registered protocol, several databases (i.e., Web of Science, PsycINFO, PROSPERO, and The CochraneLibrary) were searched for meta-analyses published from January 2002 to March 2022. Nine meta-analytic publications met the required criteria, andthe main characteristics and findings of the studies were systematically described. Weighted effect sizes (ESs) were calculated through RStudioprogram. Analyses of heterogeneity, publication bias, quality (AMSTAR-2), and credibility were also conducted. Results indicate that parent traininghas been the most studied intervention, with a weighted ES of d = -0.49 (95% CI -.67 to -.32). The reviewed studies identified several moderatorsfor the efficacy of parent training, including individual (severity of CP), family (financial disadvantage), and intervention (delivery format) characteristics. Results from child-centered play therapy were also analyzed, d = -.34 (95% CI -.40 to -.28), but the reduced number of meta-analyses andthe weakness detected by quality assessment suggest the need of cautiously considering the pooled effects. In general, evidence seems to besuggestive of the efficacy of treatment of CP, particularly for parent training. Nevertheless, efficacy seems to be moderate, heterogeneity indexesare high, and quality assessments of meta-analyses are often suboptimal. This study suggests several avenues to strengthen knowledge in this field. (AU)


Los problemas de conducta (PC) son un foco prioritario de atención en la psicología clínica infantil. Este estudio presenta una revisión umbrella de meta-análisis sobre la eficacia del tratamiento/prevención indicada de los PC infantiles (rango de edad media hasta 12 años). Siguiendo un protocoloregistrado, se buscaron meta-análisis (enero 2002 a marzo 2022) en Web of Science, PsycINFO, PROSPERO y The Cochrane Library. Nuevemeta-análisis cumplieron con los criterios requeridos y sus características y hallazgos fueron descritos sistemáticamente; además, con RStudiose calcularon los tamaños del efecto (TEs) ponderados. Se realizaron análisis de heterogeneidad, sesgo de publicación, calidad (AMSTAR-2) ycredibilidad. El entrenamiento parental fue la intervención más estudiada, con un TE medio ponderado de d = -.49 (IC del 95%: -.67 a -.32), y seidentificaron diversos moderadores de eficacia, incluyendo características individuales (gravedad de los PC), familiares (desventaja económica) yde intervención (formato de administración). También se analizaron los resultados de la terapia de juego centrada en el niño, d = -.34 (IC del 95%:-.40 a -.28), pero el reducido número de meta-análisis y la debilidad detectada por la evaluación de la calidad sugieren la necesidad de considerarcon cautela los efectos agrupados. En general, la evidencia es sugestiva de eficacia del tratamiento de los PC, específicamente del entrenamientoparental. No obstante, la eficacia parece ser moderada, los índices de heterogeneidad elevados y las evaluaciones de calidad de los meta-análisisno suelen ser óptimas. Este estudio sugiere varias vías para reforzar el conocimiento en este campo. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Metanálise como Assunto
2.
Infant Behav Dev ; 70: 101801, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36525798

RESUMO

Supportive parent emotion socialization has been associated with greater child emotion understanding and expression and lower levels of externalizing behavior problems, with limited understanding on parent emotion socialization in toddlerhood. The current study examined the developmental trajectory of emotion socialization via emotion talk in mothers of toddlers from a predominantly Latine sample. Participants were 101 mother-toddler dyads assessed over three time points from ages 12-25 months. Overall, maternal emotion talk remained relatively stable over time, although there was a significant decrease between the first and second assessments before returning to initial rates at the third assessment. Maternal emotion talk did not predict child externalizing behavior over time. Interestingly, however, greater toddler externalizing behavior problems was associated with an increase in maternal emotion talk over time. These findings suggest maternal emotion talk is relatively stable for parents of children who are low on externalizing behaviors and may fluctuate (i.e., slowly increase) for mothers of children who are high in externalizing behaviors. Understanding these mechanisms further could help inform how we implement and personalize parenting interventions.


Assuntos
Mães , Comportamento Problema , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Lactente , Mães/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Emoções , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Socialização
3.
Child Abuse Negl ; 130(Pt 2): 105308, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A high incidence of Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) has been reported for children with experiences of trauma and other forms of adversity. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to explore symptoms of RAD and DSED in children in two protection alternatives (international adoption and residential care) after experiences of early adversity. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: The participants were 146 children: 40 children adopted into Spanish families from Russia, 49 children in residential care in Spanish institutions (40.8% in long-term foster centers) and 57 community comparison children. METHODS: The Relationship Problems Questionnaire was used to explore both RAD and DSED. All adoptive parents and institutional caregivers retrospectively reported the problems at time of placement (Wave 0), as well as the symptoms observed at the time of the study, with children aged 4-8 years old (Wave 1). At this stage, the assessment of the community comparison group was added. RESULTS: Adopted and children in residential care presented high levels of RAD and DSED symptoms at placement. For adoptees, previous experiences of abuse and neglect were marginally associated with the initial presence of RAD symptoms and a significant recovery was observed after an average of three years in their families, with a certain level of longitudinal continuity between initial and later assessments. In children currently placed in long-term residential centers in Spain, DSED symptoms worsened from W0 to W1. CONCLUSIONS: Adoption appears to be an effective intervention that promotes recovery of RAD and DSED symptomatology after early adversity, whereas institutionalization causes negative effects.


Assuntos
Adoção , Criança Institucionalizada , Apego ao Objeto , Comportamento Problema , Transtorno Reativo de Vinculação na Infância , Adoção/psicologia , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Criança Institucionalizada/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Institucionalização , Internacionalidade , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Psicologia da Criança , Transtorno Reativo de Vinculação na Infância/diagnóstico , Transtorno Reativo de Vinculação na Infância/epidemiologia , Transtorno Reativo de Vinculação na Infância/psicologia , Instituições Residenciais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Participação Social/psicologia , Espanha
4.
Front Public Health ; 10: 967691, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36568771

RESUMO

Introduction: Immigrant adolescents must adapt their physical and mental attitudes to attain healthy development due to dramatic changes in their living and learning environments after relocation. From the perspective of positive psychology, this study explored the specific influence of school adaptation on mental health among immigrant adolescents, mainly focusing on the mediating effects of positive academic emotions and conduct problems. Methods: We selected primary and secondary school students from five relocated resettlement schools in Qianxinan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, which has the largest population of relocated people in Guizhou Province, China. Using cluster sampling, 550 relocated students in Grades 5-12 from the five schools were recruited to complete a battery of questionnaires, including the Immigrant Adolescents' School Adaptation Scale, the General Health Scale, and the Positive Academic Emotions Questionnaire, and the Adolescents' Behavioral Tendency Questionnaire. In addition, this study used the bias-corrected bootstrap method to explore the chain-mediating effect of positive academic emotions and conduct problems between school adaptation and mental health. Results: The results showed that immigrant adolescents had significant gender differences only in conduct problems. However, significant learning stage differences existed in school adaptation, mental health, positive academic emotions, and conduct problems. School adaptation, positive academic emotions, and mental health were significantly positively correlated. In contrast, conduct problems were significantly negatively correlated with mental health. School adaptation influenced mental health through the mediation effects of positive academic emotions and conduct problems. These effects contained three paths: the separate mediation effects of positive academic emotions and conduct problems and the chain mediation effect of positive academic emotions and conduct problems.


Assuntos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Comportamento Problema , Humanos , Adolescente , Saúde Mental , Emoções , Instituições Acadêmicas , Comportamento Problema/psicologia
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36554791

RESUMO

Phubbing-the act of ignoring someone physically present in favor of a mobile phone-is increasingly prevalent in families, and mothers' phubbing behaviors may have a particularly important effect on young children's development. Accordingly, this study explores the mediating role of mother-child attachment in the relationship between mother phubbing and children's emotional and behavioral problems, as well as the role of maternal parenting stress in moderating the mediation effect. A total of 988 mothers of young children (mean age = 4.93, SD = 0.94) were surveyed using four scales, and the resulting data was statistically analyzed. The study found that (1) mother phubbing was significantly and positively correlated with children's emotional and behavioral problems (r = 0.19, p < 0.01), (2) mother-child attachment mediated the relationship between mother phubbing and children's emotional and behavioral problems, and (3) the relationship between mother-child attachment and children's emotional and behavioral problems was moderated by maternal parenting stress. The present study offers fresh evidence of how mother phubbing affects young children's emotional and behavioral difficulties. The need to reduce maternal parental stress and buffer mothers from its effects are highlighted as vital factors in promoting secure mother-child attachment and alleviating young children's problems.


Assuntos
Mães , Comportamento Problema , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Emoções , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
6.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 30(spe): e3744, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351087

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to estimate the prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems in adolescents in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic e to explore adolescents' perception of emotional and behavioral problems identified. METHOD: mixed-method explanatory sequential design. Participants were 479 adolescents aged 15 to 18 from a Brazilian Central-West region capital. RESULTS: with a total of 479 participants, mean age was 16.03 years (SD=1.01). The prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems was 61.17%, and there was a difference between the sexes (ORb=2.93; p<0.01). The highest prevalence was related to peer relationship problems (54.49%) and emotional symptoms (52.40%). Adolescents noticed an increase in loneliness, anxiety, sadness, distancing from friends and difficulties in socializing during the pandemic. CONCLUSION: most of the investigated adolescents were classified as having emotional and behavioral problems, and girls were more likely to have them than boys. The adolescents' statements reinforce the quantitative findings. In this way, there is a need to implement actions to promote and restore the adolescents' mental health, in order to mitigate the COVID-19 pandemic socio-emotional impact on this population. KEYPOINTS: (1) The COVID-19 pandemic had a negative impact on emotions and behaviors. (2) 61.17% of adolescents were classified as having emotional and behavioral problems (EBPs). (3) Girls presented the highest level of prevalence of EBP in the pandemic context. (4) Peer relationship problems and emotional symptoms were the most prevalent.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , COVID-19 , Comportamento Problema , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Humanos , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Pandemias , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Emoções
7.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 693, 2022 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Childcare facilities are a factor that lowers the established association of mother's postnatal psychiatric symptoms with children's behavioral problems. However, no studies have considered the prenatal psychiatric symptoms yet. This study examined whether the use of childcare facilities moderates the association of maternal psychological distress in early pregnancy and at two years postpartum with behavioral problems in children aged four years. METHODS: The present study was based on the data from 23,130 mother-child pairs participating in the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project Birth and Three-Generation Cohort Study. K6 was used to classify maternal psychological distress in early pregnancy and at two years postpartum into four categories: none in both prenatal and postnatal periods (none), only the prenatal period (prenatal only); only the postnatal period (postnatal only); both prenatal and postnatal periods (both). The children's behavioral problems were assessed using the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1½-5 (CBCL) aged four years. The clinical range of the externalizing, internalizing, and total problem scales of the CBCL was defined as having behavioral problems. To examine whether availing childcare facilities moderates the association between maternal psychological distress and children's behavioral problems, we conducted a stratified analysis based on the use of childcare facilities or not, at two years of age. The interaction term between maternal psychological distress and use of childcare facilities was included as a covariate in the multivariate logistic regression analysis to confirm the p-value for the interaction. RESULTS: The prevalence of the clinical ranges of externalizing problems, internalizing problems, and clinical range of total problems were 13.7%, 15.4%, and 5.8%, respectively. The association of maternal psychological distress with a high risk of children's behavioral problems was significant; however, the association between prenatal only psychological distress and externalizing problems in the group that did not use childcare facilities was not significant. Interactions between the use of childcare facilities and maternal psychological distress on behavioral problems in children were not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Use of childcare facilities did not moderate the association of maternal psychological distress in early pregnancy and at two years postpartum with behavioral problems in children aged four years.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Comportamento Problema , Angústia Psicológica , Gravidez , Feminino , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Cuidado da Criança , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Mães/psicologia
8.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 254, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep habits are related to children's behavior, emotions, and cognitive functioning. A strong relationship exists between sleep habits and behavioral problems. However, precisely which sleep habits are associated with behavioral problems remains unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to clarify the relationship between sleep habits and behavioral problems in early adolescence. METHODS: This study used data from a larger longitudinal research, specifically, data from the year 2021. First-year junior high school students (12-14 years) in Japan were surveyed; their parents (N = 1288) completed a parent-report questionnaire. The main survey items were subject attributes, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). RESULTS: Of the 652 valid responses received, 604 individuals who met the eligibility criteria (no developmental disability in the child and completion of all survey items) were included in the analysis. To examine the relationship between sleep habits and behavioral problems, logistic regression analysis using the inverse weighted method with propensity score was conducted with sleep habits (sleep quality, time to fall asleep, sleep duration, sleep efficiency, sleep difficulty, use of sleeping pills, difficulty waking during the day, and sleep disturbances) as explanatory variables and behavioral problems (overall difficulty in SDQ) as objective variables. The propensity score was calculated by employing the logistic regression using the inverse weighted method based on propensity scores. Propensity scores were calculated based on gender, family structure, household income, and parental educational background. The results showed that behavioral problems tended to be significantly higher in the group at risk for sleep quality, sleep difficulties, daytime arousal difficulties, and sleep disturbances than in the group with no risk. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that deterioration in sleep quality, sleep difficulties, daytime arousal difficulties, and sleep disturbances may increase the risk of behavioral problems in adolescents.


Assuntos
Comportamento Problema , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Criança , Adolescente , Humanos , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Sono/fisiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pais/psicologia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429648

RESUMO

The purpose of our research is to determine emotional and behavioural modelling in an emotionally safe environment in a group of kindergarten preschoolers, following the application of an innovative curriculum project, designed and implemented for the first time, Educational Program for the training and development of social and emotional skills (DeCo-S.E.). Eighteen teachers, involved in the research, were divided into two samples: the experimental group (EG) consisting of 10 preschool teachers who were trained to take up the DeCo-S.E. program, and the control group (GC) including eight preschool teachers who applied the classic educational strategies. The DeCo-S.E. program is aimed at developing social and emotional skills (emotion identification, frustration tolerance), reducing behavior problems, and solving problems with peers as part of the training process. The study also included 142 children in their last year at kindergarten, aged X ± SD 5.87 ± 2.87 years old, divided into two groups: the EG consisting of 74 children to whom the experimental program was implemented and the GC comprising 72 children who did not take part in the training program. In the present study, we applied only the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales for Teachers (PKBS-2) questionnaire to children in the pre- and post-experimental phases. The results were processed with the statistical software SPSS 22. The analysis of the scores of the questionnaire applied to the children highlighted a significant improvement in EG on both scales. The study reveals the effectiveness of the Development of social and emotional skills programs in preschool children has proven its effectiveness by reducing undesirable/maladaptive behaviours and positively developing socio-emotional skills in preschool children.


Assuntos
Comportamento Problema , Professores Escolares , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Idoso , Criança , Emoções , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Subj. procesos cogn ; 26(2): 1-29, nov. 28, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1401856

RESUMO

Los problemas comportamentales en la infancia suponen todos aquellos comportamientos persistentes en los que se repiten conductas que no respetan las normas o las reglas sociales propias de la edad. La detección temprana de estas dificultades permite controlar en cierto modo la gravedad del asunto ya que, de no trabajarse sobre la sintomatología del niño, las posibilidades de desarrollar un trastorno mental severo son mayores. Así, la identificación y el diagnóstico de los problemas conductuales se ha vuelto una meta de gran significación para la disciplina psicológica. El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión de la literatura reciente para sistematizar la información referida a las diferentes conceptualizaciones teóricas que existen sobre los problemas comportamentales desde diversas escuelas psicológicas y las respuestas terapéuticas que ofrecen, identificar los instrumentos de medición validados para su evaluación en Argentina, y describir la importancia de su detección temprana y posibles áreas de incidencia(AU)


Behavioral problems in childhood involve all those persistent actions in which activities that do not respect the norms or social rules of the age are repeated. Early detection of these problems makes it possible to control the severity of the problem to a certain extent. If the child's symptoms are not elaborated, the chances of developing a severe mental disorder are greater. Thus, the identification and diagnosis of behavioral problems has become a goal of great significance for the psychological discipline. The objective of this article was to carry out a review of the recent literature to systematize the information referring to the different theoretical conceptualizations that exist on behavioral problems from various psychological schools and the therapeutic responses they offer. Also,to identify the measurement instruments validated for their evaluation in Argentina and describe the importance of its early detection and possible areas of incidence(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Psicologia da Criança , Emoções , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Comportamento Problema/psicologia
11.
J Sch Psychol ; 93: 119-137, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934447

RESUMO

This study examined (a) whether growing up with lower-educated parents and attending lower parental education schools associated with children's problem development within the behavioral, emotional, and peer relationship domains; and (b) whether the association of lower individual-level parental education with children's development within these three domains depended upon school-level parental education. To this end, 698 children (Mage = 7.08 in first grade) from 31 mainstream elementary schools were annually followed from first grade to sixth grade. Problems within the behavioral domain included conduct problems, oppositional defiant problems, attention-deficit and hyperactivity problems, and aggression. Problems within the emotional domain included depression and anxiety symptoms. Problems within the peer relationship domain included physical victimization, relational victimization, and peer dislike. Results from multi-level latent growth models showed that, as compared to children of higher-educated parents, children of lower-educated parents generally had higher levels of problems within all three domains in first grade and exhibited a faster growth rate of problems within the behavioral domain from first to sixth grade. Furthermore, as compared to children attending higher parental education schools, children attending lower parental education schools generally had higher levels of problems within the behavioral and emotional domains in first grade and showed a faster growth rate of peer dislike over time. In addition, cross-level interaction analyses showed that in higher parental education schools, children of lower-educated parents showed a faster growth rate of depression symptom levels than children of higher-educated parents. In lower parental education schools, the growth rate of depression symptom levels did not differ between children of higher- and lower-educated parents. Results highlight that addressing the needs of lower parental education schools and children growing up with lower-educated parents may be of primary importance.


Assuntos
Bullying , Comportamento Problema , Criança , Humanos , Pais , Grupo Associado , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Instituições Acadêmicas
12.
J Genet Psychol ; 183(5): 381-390, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848334

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of family relationships and internalizing problems on psychosocial adjustment. Data were collected from 404 Polish children and early adolescents aged 8-13 using standardized instruments to assess the quality of family relationships (i.e., control, support), internalizing problems, and psychosocial adjustment (problem behavior versus prosocial behavior). The findings confirmed positive and negative associations between the quality of family relationships, internalizing problems, problem behavior, and prosocial behavior. Gender differences were also found; girls received more support within family relationships and scored higher in prosocial behavior, whereas boys received more control within family relationships. Regression analyses have shown that control within family relationships and internalizing problems were positive predictors of problem behavior. On the other hand, control within the family relationships was a negative predictor of prosocial behavior. In the final step, four mediation models were tested to check whether internalizing problems would mediate the relationship between family relationships and the child's behavior. Possible future research directions are discussed.


Assuntos
Relações Familiares , Comportamento Problema , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polônia , Comportamento Problema/psicologia
13.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 12872, 2022 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896638

RESUMO

Specific learning disorders (SLD) persist into adulthood. Persons with SLD frequently experience emotional and social difficulties. Following qualitative descriptions of individuals with SLD who experienced learning, as traumatic, we hypothesized that individuals reporting SLD would report higher levels of learning-based post-traumatic-stress-disorder (PTSD) symptoms. In Study 1 (N = 216), participants responded to questionnaires concerning SLD and learning-based PTSD. A separate sample (N = 43) was queried about adjustment disorder symptoms. Study 2 (N = 176) examined if current psychological distress was predicted by levels of learning-based PTSD at each developmental stage (elementary/high-school/post-high-school) and whether SLD links to current psychological distress. Finally, we assessed if SLD-psychological distress associations are mediated by cumulative levels of learning-based PTSD across these school periods. In Study 1 individuals reporting SLD displayed higher learning-based PTSD levels than those without SLD. SLD-PTSD associations held beyond adjustment disorder symptom levels. In Study 2, SLD was linked with psychological distress, mediated by accumulated learning-based PTSD symptom levels across school periods. These results suggest that in individuals with SLD, learning experiences may be associated with learning-based PTSD symptoms. Further, persons with SLD may be scarred by their traumatic learning experiences linking with current psychological distress, a link mediated by cumulative difficulties experienced over school years.


Assuntos
Deficiências da Aprendizagem , Comportamento Problema , Angústia Psicológica , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Adulto , Humanos , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
J Fam Psychol ; 36(8): 1275-1284, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35653722

RESUMO

Latinx dual language learners (DLLs) make up a large, growing population in the United States, yet little is known about their early childhood experiences, particularly regarding parenting, socioeconomic risk, and social emotional development (SED). This prospective, longitudinal study examined whether parental intrusiveness, parental stress, and parental warmth function differently in Latinx DLL families as compared to White monolingual (ML) families while controlling for relevant sociodemographic factors. Data were drawn from the Early Head Start (EHS) family and child experiences study, where White ML (n = 143) and Latinx DLL (n = 247) children and families were assessed at ages 2 and 3. Results indicated a significant interaction between Latinx DLL status and parental intrusiveness on behavior problems. Simple slopes indicated that greater intrusiveness was related to increased behavior problems for White ML families but was not related in Latinx DLL families. There was no significant interaction, however, between parental stress and Latinx DLL status on children's SED. Further, parental warmth did not further moderate the relationship between parental intrusiveness and Latinx DLL status. Overall, there were both similarities and differences between Latinx DLLs and White MLs in both the prevalence of these characteristics and how they relate to child behavior. These results highlight the importance of considering contextual factors, such as ethnic culture and language status, when examining parenting in both clinical and research settings. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Idioma , Comportamento Problema , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Comportamento Problema/psicologia
15.
Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol ; 50(10): 1261-1274, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35670883

RESUMO

Adolescence is a critical period in the development of mental health with nearly 1 in 5 adolescents suffering from mental health problems and more than 40 percent of these experiencing at least one co-occurring mental health disorder. This study investigates whether there are differences in the relations between key dimensions of child and adolescent mental health in adolescence compared to childhood. Mental health and related socio-emotional traits were measured longitudinally at ages 4, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, and 16 in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (N = 11279) using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaires. Graphical Vector Autoregression models were used to analyse the temporal within-person relations between conduct problems, emotional problems, hyperactivity/inattention, peer problems and prosociality across childhood (ages 4 to 9) and adolescence (11 to 16). Results suggest that adolescence is characterised by an increase in the number and strength of temporal relations between socio-emotional difficulties. In particular, in adolescence there were bidirectional connections between peer problems and emotional problems, between conduct problems and hyperactivity/inattention and between prosociality and conduct problems as well as hyperactivity/inattention. In childhood, conduct problems and prosociality were reciprocally related. Results also suggested peer problems as a potential mediating factor between conduct and emotional problems in childhood. Overall, this study suggests that different domains of socio-emotional development influence each other over development. Adolescence is characterised by an increase in temporal connections, which may be one factor underlying the increased vulnerability to the onset of mental health problems during that period.


Assuntos
Emoções , Comportamento Problema , Criança , Adolescente , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Longitudinais , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pais
16.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 18(9): 2253-2260, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35686369

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: While sleep terrors are associated with emotional-behavioral problems in school-aged children and adults, little is known about these associations in early childhood, when sleep terrors prevalence is at its highest. Moreover, studies using a longitudinal design and controlling for confounding variables are scarce. This study's objective was to determine whether the frequency of sleep terrors in toddlers predicts emotional-behavioral problems during the preschool years. METHODS: Participants (n = 324) were enrolled in the prospective Maternal Adversity Vulnerability and Neurodevelopment cohort study. The frequency of sleep terrors in children was assessed at 12, 18, 24, and 36 months using maternal reports. Children's emotional-behavioral problems were measured at 48 and 60 months using the Child Behavior Checklist. Relevant confounders linked to the child, mother, and environment were also taken into consideration. RESULTS: The frequency of sleep terrors was relatively stable across early childhood (16.7-20.5%). A generalized estimating equation revealed that the frequency of sleep terrors in early childhood was associated with increased emotional-behavioral problems at 4 and 5 years of age, more specifically with internalizing problems (P < .001), after controlling for child's sex, time point, family socioeconomic status, maternal depressive symptoms, and nighttime sleep duration. The frequency of sleep terrors was further associated with the emotionally reactive, anxious/depressed, and somatic complaints scales (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: This longitudinal study provides further support for a high prevalence of sleep terrors in early childhood. Our findings show meaningful associations between higher frequency of sleep terrors and emotional-behavioral problems as early as toddlerhood, especially internalizing problems. CITATION: Laganière C, Gaudreau H, Pokhvisneva I, et al. Sleep terrors in early childhood and associated emotional-behavioral problems. J Clin Sleep Med. 2022;18(9):2253-2260.


Assuntos
Terrores Noturnos , Comportamento Problema , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Mães/psicologia , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 29(50): 75587-75596, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35657543

RESUMO

Childhood overweight and obesity (OWO) has risen dramatically in both developed and developing countries over the past few decades, creating a huge burden of disease. Ambient air pollution and emotional and behavioral problems are important influencing factors of OWO in preschoolers, but few studies have evaluated the impact of air pollution and emotional and behavioral problems on OWO of preschoolers in rural areas and their potential interactions. This study selected 3802 preschool children from 26 kindergartens in 4 rural areas of Anhui Province for a cross-sectional study. A total of 3636 individuals were included in the final analysis. In this study, outdoor air pollutants (PM2.5 and O3) were derived from the China Air Pollution Tracking (TAP) data set, matching preschoolers' external air pollution exposure according to their kindergarten address codes to neighborhoods or administrative villages. OWO were assessed based on WHO Child Growth and Development Standards. Generalized linear model (GLM) and interplot model were used to evaluate the separate effects and potential interactions of air pollutants and emotional and behavioral problems on preschoolers' OWO. In the separate analysis, we found a significant positive association between air pollution and emotional and behavioral problems and OWO among preschoolers. In the interaction analysis, air pollution could enhance the positive effect of emotional and behavioral problems on OWO in preschoolers. In addition, the effect of air pollution and emotional and behavioral problems on overweight and obesity was stronger in preschoolers aged 5 to 6 years. Finally, we also found a stronger positive association between emotional and behavioral problems among girls, macrosomia, non-left-behind children, and preschoolers without eating problems. This study provided a scientific basis for the control of air pollution and overweight and obesity among preschool children in Anhui Province.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Obesidade Pediátrica , Comportamento Problema , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Material Particulado/análise , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Comportamento Problema/psicologia
18.
Psychol Psychother ; 95(4): 921-938, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35716017

RESUMO

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is one of the most common anxiety disorders in pregnancy and the postpartum (perinatal) period. Perinatal women with GAD engage in problematic behaviours, yet the focus and function of these behaviours remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: Given that worry during the perinatal period is largely maternally focused, the objective of this study was to explore the accompanying behavioural features of GAD during pregnancy and the postpartum period. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted. METHODS: Twenty-five pregnant (n = 10) and postpartum (n = 15) women were recruited through clinical referrals and the Hamilton community. Following the completion of a semistructured diagnostic interview and symptom measures, participants participated in one of seven focus groups to learn about behaviours utilized in response to their worries. A thematic analysis was conducted to identify behaviour themes and subthemes in pregnant and postpartum women. RESULTS: Five behaviour themes and 12 subthemes were identified. Specifically, participants endorsed engaging in excessive reassurance seeking, checking and repeating, overcontrol, overpreparation and avoidance behaviours. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm that perinatal women with GAD engage in comparable problematic behaviours to those with GAD in the general population, yet the presentation, frequency and focus of those behaviours differ. These findings have implications for theoretical formulations of GAD, and the clinical management of this disorder during the perinatal period.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade , Complicações na Gravidez , Comportamento Problema , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez/psicologia , Ansiedade/complicações , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/complicações , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Período Pós-Parto , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Grupos Focais
19.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0269376, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35767516

RESUMO

We explore potential cross-informant discrepancies between child- and parent-report measures with an example of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Youth Self Report (YSR), parent- and self-report measures on children's behavioral and emotional problems. We propose a new way of examining the parent- and child-report differences with an interaction map estimated using a Latent Space Item Response Model (LSIRM). The interaction map enables the investigation of the dependency between items, between respondents, and between items and respondents, which is not possible with the conventional approach. The LSIRM captures the differential positions of items and respondents in the latent spaces for CBCL and YSR and identifies the relationships between each respondent and item according to their dependent structures. The results suggest that the analysis of item response in the latent space using the LSIRM is beneficial in uncovering the differential structures embedded in the response data obtained from different perspectives in children and their parents. This study also argues that the differential hidden structures of children and parents' responses should be taken together to evaluate children's behavioral problems.


Assuntos
Pais , Comportamento Problema , Adolescente , Lista de Checagem , Humanos , Pais/psicologia , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Autorrelato
20.
Sleep ; 45(9)2022 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35768173

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Previous research examining toddler sleep problems has relied almost exclusively on variable-centered statistical approaches to analyze these data, which provide helpful information about the development of the average child. The current study examined whether person-centered trajectory analysis, a statistical technique that can identify subgroups of children who differ in their initial level and/or trajectory of sleep problems, has the potential to inform our understanding of toddler sleep problems and their development. METHODS: Families (N = 185) were assessed at 12, 24, 30, and 36 months of child age. Latent class growth analysis was used to test for subgroups that differed in their 24-36 month sleep problems. Subgroups were compared on child 36-month externalizing, internalizing, and total problem behaviors, and on 12 month maternal mental health, inter-parental conflict, and maternal parenting behaviors. RESULTS: Results support a four-class solution, with "low, stable," "low, increasing," "high, increasing," and "high decreasing" classes. The classes whose sleep problems persisted or worsened over time had worse behavioral problems than those whose symptoms improved or remained stably low. Additionally, 12 month maternal depression and global symptom severity, intimate partner violence, and maternal harsh-intrusive parenting behaviors discriminated between the classes that had similar levels of 24 month sleep disturbance but who had diverging trajectories over time. CONCLUSIONS: This statistical approach appears to have the potential to increase understanding of sleep problem trajectories in the early years of life. Maternal mental health, intimate partner violence, and parenting behaviors may be clinically useful markers of risk for the persistence or development of toddler sleep problems.


Assuntos
Comportamento Problema , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Comportamento Problema/psicologia , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/complicações , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico
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