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1.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119089

RESUMO

La revisión teórica aborda la educación física virtual establecida en México a partir delconfinamiento social por COVID-19, basada en el problema, ya existente en México, de sedentarismo y obesidad infantil en niños de educación primaria, en quienes, derivado del confinamiento social, se estima un aumento de masa cor-poral, lo que conlleva mayores riesgos de salud. Al analizar la bibliografía reciente, que relaciona al COVID-19 con la educación física y la actividad física, se identificala oportunidad del profesorado de educación física, de conducir esquemas virtuales en los contenidos del programa educativo para, de esta manera, coadyuvar en la disminución del sedentarismo en estudiantes de primaria, teniendo como prioridad la alfabetización física.(AU)


The theoretical review addresses the virtual physical education established in Mexico based on social con-finement by COVID-19, based on the problem, already existing in Mexico, of sedentary lifestyle and childhood obesity in primary school children, in whom, derived from social confinement, an increase in body mass is estimated, which carries greater health risks. When analyzing the recent bibliography, which relates COVID-19 with physical education and physical activity, the opportunity for physical education teachers to conduct virtual schemes in the contents of the educational program is identified, in this way, to contribute to the decreasein sedentary lifestyle in primary school students, prioritizing physical literacy.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação Física e Treinamento/métodos , Isolamento Social , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação a Distância/métodos , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Comportamento Sedentário , México/epidemiologia
3.
Gesundheitswesen ; 82(S 03): S196-S206, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32984943

RESUMO

In this article, we present the Austrian data on physical activity, the societal costs and outcomes of physical inactivity, and the areas of influence to promote physical activity. Based on an analysis of the status quo and its consequences, suggestions on relevant measures to counter physical inactivity are made. While the proportion of Austrians that do not fulfill the current recommendations on physical activity is high, the Austrian population is physically more active than many populations of other countries. In Austria, major differences in physical activity are associated with demographic, socio-economic, and geographic factors. The economic burden related to physical inactivity is considerable, with regard to both societal costs and outcomes. This includes major health and social care costs, productivity losses (estimated at around 248 million Euro in 2017 in Austria), and life years lost due to premature death. Evidence-based areas of influence to increase physical activity include kindergartens and schools, the workplace, communities, cities, long-term care facilities, and nature.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Comportamento Sedentário , Áustria , Exercício Físico , Alemanha , Humanos
4.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1351, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 restrictions such as the closure of schools and parks, and the cancellation of youth sports and activity classes around the United States may prevent children from achieving recommended levels of physical activity (PA). This study examined the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on PA and sedentary behavior (SB) in U.S. children. METHOD: Parents and legal guardians of U.S. children (ages 5-13) were recruited through convenience sampling and completed an online survey between April 25-May 16, 2020. Measures included an assessment of their child's previous day PA and SB by indicating time spent in 11 common types of PA and 12 common types of SB for children. Parents also reported perceived changes in levels of PA and SB between the pre-COVID-19 (February 2020) and early-COVID-19 (April-May 2020) periods. Additionally, parents reported locations (e.g., home/garage, parks/trails, gyms/fitness centers) where their children had performed PA and their children's use of remote/streaming services for PA. RESULTS: From parent reports, children (N = 211) (53% female, 13% Hispanic, Mage = 8.73 [SD = 2.58] years) represented 35 states and the District of Columbia. The most common physical activities during the early-COVID-19 period were free play/unstructured activity (e.g., running around, tag) (90% of children) and going for a walk (55% of children). Children engaged in about 90 min of school-related sitting and over 8 h of leisure-related sitting a day. Parents of older children (ages 9-13) vs. younger children (ages 5-8) perceived greater decreases in PA and greater increases in SB from the pre- to early-COVID-19 periods. Children were more likely to perform PA at home indoors or on neighborhood streets during the early- vs. pre-COVID-19 periods. About a third of children used remote/streaming services for activity classes and lessons during the early-COVID-19 period. CONCLUSION: Short-term changes in PA and SB in reaction to COVID-19 may become permanently entrenched, leading to increased risk of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease in children. Programmatic and policy strategies should be geared towards promoting PA and reducing SB over the next 12 months.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
5.
Rev Prat ; 70(3): 268-272, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877056

RESUMO

Recommending physical activity for primary prevention of chronic diseases. Low level of physical activity (i.e. inactivity) is recognized as the second preventable common risk factor of chronic diseases after the tobacco use. Nonlinear dose-effect relationships are found between the volume and intensity of physical activity, and the global mortality and incidence of chronic diseases. A sedentary behavior, characterized by prolonged periods of very low energy expenditure, is also related to the global mortality and the incidence of chronic diseases. The deleterious effects of sedentary behavior are especially marked beyond seven hours a day sitting, or three hours a day in watching the television. All the results of recent survey demonstrate that in order to reduce the incidence of chronic diseases, both physical activity recommendations and decrease in sedentary time are recommended, whatever the age of the population.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Prevenção Primária , Comportamento Sedentário , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Televisão
6.
Rev Prat ; 70(3): 273-278, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877057

RESUMO

What benefit of physical activity in tertiary prevention? In tertiary prevention, regular physical activity associated with the reduction of sedentary behaviors reduce the risks of recurrence or aggravation of the disease, decrease co-morbidities, increase physical capacities and improve quality of life. These effects are found with a high level of evidence in chronic diseases as various as cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, cancers, COPD, osteo-articular diseases, anxio-depressive disorders. The scientific evidence of physical activity as a non medicamentous treatment of chronic diseases is not any more to make. However the level of physical-activity of the subjects carrying chronic diseases is very low, well below the recommendations and their time of sedentariness remains too h. It remains to determine the effective minimal amount of physical activity, how to replace time of sedentariness by time of physical-activity, and especially how to maintain the physical-activity on the long run.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Exercício Físico , Qualidade de Vida , Prevenção Terciária , Humanos , Comportamento Sedentário
7.
Rev Prat ; 70(3): 279-285, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877058

RESUMO

Medical prescription of physical activity. The prescription is "a therapeutic recommendation, possibly prescribed, made by a doctor". Up-to-date recommendations exist, relayed by the authorities which formalized this act of prescription by a law for long-term ailments. The medical prescription of physical activity and sports is directed to carriers of chronic pathologies for which it will have a therapeutic action and an action of prevention of the complications. It will include, at best, besides the precision of the four parameters characterizing this activity (type, intensity, duration and frequency of the sessions), advice of daily struggle against the sedentary lifestyle. It should be personalized, to consider the patient's condition and a possible risk incurred. It remains however to provide the skills to the prescribers, informed but not always trained, and to ensure the possibilities of practical realization of the exercises appearing on the medical prescription.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Exercício Físico , Prescrições , Humanos , Comportamento Sedentário
9.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 29(4): e2020407, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997069

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe lifestyle changes with regard to consumption of tobacco and alcohol, food intake and physical activity, in the period of social restriction resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in Brazil with data from the ConVid online health behavior survey. The data were collected via an online questionnaire answered by the survey participants. Post-stratification procedures were used to calculate prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: 45,161 individuals aged 18 years or more participated. During the period of social restriction participants reported a decrease in practicing physical activity and an increase in time spent using computers or tablets or watching TV, intake of ultra-processed foods, number of cigarettes smoked and alcoholic beverage consumption. Differences were observed according to sex and age group. CONCLUSION: The results indicate a worsening of lifestyles and an increase in health risk behaviors.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Fast Foods/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Comportamento Sedentário , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/epidemiologia , Lanches , Adulto Jovem
10.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1469, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association between physical activity (PA) and various causes of mortality in Korea. The aim of our study was to evaluate mortality and causes of death between PA and insufficient PA using Korean national cohort data. METHODS: The health screening cohort data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort from 2009 to 2015 were used. 'PA' was determined if participants walked or performed moderate-intensity activity ≥5 d/week for ≥30 min, or vigorous-intensity activity ≥3 d/week for ≥20 min. Other participants were classified as 'insufficient PA'. The PA and insufficient PA groups were matched by age, sex, income, and region of residence in a 1:1 ratio. Causes of death were classified into 13 categories. Crude and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for all mortality rates were analyzed using a stratified Cox proportional hazard model. Age, sex, income, and region of residence were stratified. Subgroup analyses were performed according to age, sex, and obesity status. The odds ratio according to the causes of death was calculated by the chi-square test. RESULTS: The adjusted HR for mortality in the PA group was 0.85 (95% CI = 0.82-0.88). In subgroup analyses according to age, sex, and obesity status, results were consistent with the main findings in < 60-year-old females, ≥ 60-year-old males and females, and in all subgroups by obesity. The death rate by neoplasm, mental diseases, neurologic disease, circulatory disease, respiratory disease, digestive disease, abnormal finding, and trauma were lower in the PA than the insufficient PA group. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that PA is inversely associated with mortality caused specifically by diseases reflected by mental, respiratory, cancer, and cardiovascular conditions. Additionally, PA is inversely associated with mortality compared to insufficient PA in all obesity status.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/mortalidade , Exercício Físico , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Comportamento Sedentário , Adulto , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividade Motora , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The confinement recommended during COVID-19 pandemic could affect behavior and health. METHODS: We conducted a self-reported survey in northern Italy to observe the lockdown effects on lifestyle changes and to assess their determinants. Prevalence Odds Ratio and Prevalence Risk Ratio were determined. RESULTS: 490 adults (84% female) completed the survey: 13% and 43% reported improved and unchanged sleep quality, respectively, while 43% had insomnia symptoms. Among the 272 active subjects in pre-lockdown, 14% continued habitual exercising, 18% increased it and 68% reduced it; 27% of sedentary subjects started physical exercise; 34% reported an improvement in diet quality; 42% increased food intake and 13% decreased it; and 38% of the smokers increased cigarette consumption. Age and the pre-lockdown habit of regular physical exercising were the mainly determinants of lifestyle changes whereas BMI, gender, and the presence of chronic diseases did not. Living with other people increased the likelihood of increasing the food intake (p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: More than a third of people were able to positively reorganize their lives during the forced home confinement. It is worth to disseminate information to preserve a healthy lifestyle even when confined at home.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Dieta , Exercício Físico , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pandemias , Comportamento Sedentário , Sono
13.
Work ; 66(4): 739-749, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prolonged home stays due to the COVID-19 quarantine can increase the use of computers and other technologies that may lead to significant reduction in activity, contributing to musculoskeletal problems, anxiety and depression. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a novel multicomponent exercise program for individuals who work with computers during the COVID-19 quarantine. METHODS: Researchers collaborating cross-institutionally and cross-nationally performed a careful literature search for exercise and stretching regiments with particular attention to methodologies that can be applied during the lockdown in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodologies were then compiled and truncated for ease of use for the computer-based office worker during the COVID-19 pandemic quarantine. RESULTS: The resulting program is broken down into three categories: aerobic, strengthening and stretching components. Each component can then be further modified to meet the frequency, intensity, time and type (FITT) specifications for the participant. CONCLUSIONS: We present a novel, evidence-based strategy for functional fitness for office workers who have remained home-bound during the COVID-19 pandemic quarantine. Further research should seek to validate the efficacy of the proposed protocol.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Quarentena/normas , Comportamento Sedentário , Telecomunicações , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Computadores , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia
14.
Work ; 66(4): 751-753, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925136

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the shutdown of much of the world's economic and social operations. Given shutdown of exercise facilities, there has been a sharp uptick in a sedentary lifestyle. As people have lost their normal daily activity patterns, it is reasonable to assume that musculoskeletal pain-related syndromes will consequently begin to increase. In addition, there has been a rise in social network, television, and online home-based workouts. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is unclear whether previous recommendations for physical activities will remain sufficient, given cessation of normal physical activities from day-to-day life. We raise a variety of questions in dealing with the potential fallout of the COVID-19 shutdown from a musculoskeletal standpoint.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde/fisiologia , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Sedentário , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Terapia por Exercício/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Dor Musculoesquelética/fisiopatologia , Dor Musculoesquelética/reabilitação , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Musculoesqueléticos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Quarentena/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967091

RESUMO

Background: The lockdown and social distancing caused by COVID-19 may influence common health behavior. The unprecedent worldwide confinement, in which Spain has been one of the most affected-with severe rules governing confinement-may have changed physical activity (PA) and sedentary habits due to prolonged stays at home. Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate how self-reported PA and sedentary time (ST) have changed during confinement in the Spanish population. Methods: 3800 healthy adults (age 18-64 years) residing in Spain answered the international physical activity questionnaire short (IPAQ-S) twice between 23 March and 1 April (confinement). Data analysis was carried out taking into consideration meeting general PA recommendations before confinement, age and gender. Results: Self-reported PA decreased significantly during confinement in our sample. Vigorous physical activities (VPA) and walking time decreased by 16.8% (p < 0.001) and 58.2% (p < 0.001), respectively, whereas ST increased by 23.8% (p < 0.001). The percent of people fulfilling the 75 min/week of VPA recommendation decreased by 10.7% (p < 0.001) while the percent of people who reached 150 min/week of moderate activity barely changed (1.4%). The group that performed the most VPA before confinement showed the greatest decrease (30.5%, p < 0.001). Men reduced time in VPA more than women (21% vs 9%, respectively) who even increased time in moderate PA by 11% (p < 0.05) and reported less increase in ST than men (35% vs 25.3%, respectively). Conclusion: The Spanish adult population, especially young people, students and very active men, decreased daily self-reported PA and increased ST during COVID-19 confinement.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Exercício Físico , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Distância Social , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975916

RESUMO

Background: Due to the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, many activities have stopped and individuals have been forced to stay at home for prolonged periods, which can have a negative impact on overall health and trigger stress and psychological disorders such as depression and anxiety. The objective of this study was to highlight 25 cases of unusual frequent urination associated with abnormal sleep and their relation to staying at home for a prolonged period due to the COVID-19 crisis. Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 25 patients who complained of frequent urination (> 3 times/hour) and abnormal sleep during the last 4 months (January-April 2020). These patients were evaluated for all possible differential diagnoses. Results: All of the patients had frequent urination > 10 times/day and abnormal sleep but had normal kidney function tests and other investigations. None of the patients had been doing any physical activity at home. All of the patients said that both sleep and urination frequency improved after leaving home for a while (eg, to visit friends, walk, or play sports). This improvement occurred within 2 nights of leaving the home; however, the majority of patients improved after the first night. Conclusions: "Home staying syndrome" is an undefined syndrome of unusual symptoms of abnormal sleep (altering sleep time and duration) and frequent urination > 3 times/hour. This syndrome is associated with staying at home for a long period of time and is easily resolved by doing any activity such as sports or visiting friends. While this syndrome is rare, it may be more prevalent now due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which forces people to stay home for infection prevention.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Controle de Infecções , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Comportamento Sedentário , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Transtornos Urinários/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899495

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic altered many facets of life. We aimed to evaluate the impact of COVID-19-related public health guidelines on physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, mental health, and their interrelations. Cross-sectional data were collected from 3052 US adults 3-8 April 2020 (from all 50 states). Participants self-reported pre- and post-COVID-19 levels of moderate and vigorous PA, sitting, and screen time. Currently-followed public health guidelines, stress, loneliness, positive mental health (PMH), social connectedness, and depressive and anxiety symptoms were self-reported. Participants were grouped by meeting US PA guidelines, reporting ≥8 h/day of sitting, or ≥8 h/day of screen time, pre- and post-COVID-19. Overall, 62% of participants were female, with age ranging from 18-24 (16.6% of sample) to 75+ (9.3%). Self-reported PA was lower post-COVID among participants reporting being previously active (mean change: -32.3% [95% CI: -36.3%, -28.1%]) but largely unchanged among previously inactive participants (+2.3% [-3.5%, +8.1%]). No longer meeting PA guidelines and increased screen time were associated with worse depression, loneliness, stress, and PMH (p < 0.001). Self-isolation/quarantine was associated with higher depressive and anxiety symptoms compared to social distancing (p < 0.001). Maintaining and enhancing physical activity participation and limiting screen time increases during abrupt societal changes may mitigate the mental health consequences.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Exercício Físico , Saúde Mental , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Feminino , Humanos , Solidão , Masculino , Pandemias , Tempo de Tela , Estresse Psicológico
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916972

RESUMO

Regular physical activity is related to many factors in a university student's environment. The coronavirus pandemic and the resulting lockdown have restricted many elements of our environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate students' physical activity and sedentary behaviour at two points in time: before and during the coronavirus lockdown. As a secondary aim, we also wanted to look at changes resulting from other factors (alcohol, tobacco, diet, stages of change, symptoms of anxiety/depression and sociodemographic characteristics). We conducted an observational, cross-sectional, pre-post study with two cut-off points. Two hundred and thirteen students took part in the study. The main dependent variables were physical activity and sitting time, measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF). Parametric and non-parametric tests were used for paired and unpaired data, as well as group-stratified analysis. During lockdown, both weekly physical activity (MD: -159.87; CI: -100.44, -219.31) and weekly sitting time increased (MD: -106.76; CI: -71.85, -141.67). In the group analysis, differences were observed in relation to gender, year of study, BMI, alcohol consumption, tobacco use, symptoms of anxiety/depression, Mediterranean diet, living situation and stage of change. The results showed an increase in both physical activity and sitting time globally and by group.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Exercício Físico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Quarentena , Comportamento Sedentário , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
19.
Health Rep ; 31(9): 13-26, 2020 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935961

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adults spend a large proportion of their day at work. Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) have been shown to vary considerably between occupations. The objective of this study is to describe occupational differences in accelerometer-measured and self-reported PA and SB for Canadian full-time workers. DATA AND METHODS: Using combined data from three cycles of the nationally representative Canadian Health Measures Survey (N = 4,080), three activity groups (high, intermediate, low) were created based on a composite ranking of accelerometer-derived steps, proportion of time spent sedentary (SED%) and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) in bouts of ⋝10 minutes (MVPAbouted). Differences between groups were assessed for accelerometer-derived and self-reported PA and SB, and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. RESULTS: On average, Canadians employed in full-time work were sedentary for 68.9% of their day (95% confidence interval [CI]: 68.3% to 69.6%), took 8,984 steps per day (95% CI: 8,719 to 9,249) and accumulated 79.5 minutes per week of MVPAbouted (95% CI: 71.1 to 87.9). Among Canadians employed in full-time work, 18.5% met the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines. The high-activity group took significantly more steps and had a lower SED%, but spent a higher proportion of time in light-intensity PA compared with the intermediate- and low-activity groups. No differences were observed for MVPA. The low-activity group reported more recreational and active travel-related PA and leisure reading, while those in the high-activity group reported more work and domestic PA and leisure screen time. DISCUSSION: The majority of full-time working adults are not getting adequate MVPA and spend most of their day sedentary, regardless of occupation. Findings support workplace policies to improve MVPA levels among Canadian workers and to promote awareness for the potential benefit of occupation-specific messaging around PA and SB.


Assuntos
Inquéritos Nutricionais , Comportamento Sedentário , Adulto , Canadá , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Viagem , Doença Relacionada a Viagens
20.
Univ. salud ; 22(2): 166-177, mayo-ago. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1115966

RESUMO

Introducción: El aislamiento social durante la pandemia por COVID-19 incluye el confinamiento en casa, que redunda en incremento de la inactividad física y de comportamientos sedentarios, favoreciendo el desacondicionamiento físico. Las personas desacondicionadas físicamente tienen alteraciones metabólicas y sistémicas por la falta de movimiento. Objetivo: Presentar recomendaciones prácticas, y de bajo costo sobre actividades basadas en la evidencia para evitar el desacondicionamiento físico durante el confinamiento en casa, que se pueden mantener a largo plazo, incluso después de la pandemia. Materiales y métodos: Revisión documental sobre estrategias para conducir estilos de vida saludable en casa que disminuyan los efectos negativos a nivel fisiológico producidos por el confinamiento derivado de la pandemia. Resultados: La evidencia señala que el confinamiento en casa incrementa los niveles de inactividad física y el comportamiento sedentario; la realización de actividad física bajo condiciones particulares puede entre otros, fortalecer el sistema respiratorio e inmunológico, mantener la condición física y generar efectos positivos sobre la salud mental. Conclusiones: Los hábitos relacionados con la práctica de actividad física en casa se deben mantener en el tiempo, se recomienda realizarla de manera programada, establecer horarios de descanso entre las actividades y durante la noche, y elegir aquellas que generen disfrute.


Introduction: Social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic includes home confinement, which results in increased physical inactivity and sedentary behaviors, favoring physical deconditioning. Deconditioned people have metabolic and systemic disorders due to the lack of movement. Objective: To present practical, low-cost recommendations on evidence-based activities to avoid physical deconditioning during home confinement, which can be maintained over the long term, even after the pandemic. Materials and methods: Documentary review on strategies to support healthy lifestyles at home that decrease the negative effects at a physiological level produced by the confinement derived from the pandemic. Results: Evidence indicates that home confinement increases the levels of physical inactivity and sedentary behavior; executing physical activity under particular conditions, among other effects, can strengthen the respiratory and immune systems, maintain physical condition and generate positive effects on mental health. Conclusions: The habits related to the practice of physical activity at home should be maintained over time, it is recommended to do it on a scheduled basis, define rest times between activities and during the night, and choosing those that generate enjoyment.


Assuntos
Coronavirus , Comportamento Sedentário , Isolamento Social , Pandemias , Atividade Motora
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