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1.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 375-379, Out.-Dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024051

RESUMO

Introduction: Physical inactivity is an important risk factor for many aging-related symptoms. Studies suggest that physical activity may help to relieve tinnitus and headache. Objective: To investigate the presence of tinnitus and headache in elderly individuals by associating it with the lack of regular physical activity. Methods: A cross-sectional study including elderly individuals who live independently. The practice of physical activity and the complaints of headache and of tinnitus were checked by means of a questionnaire with objective questions. The statistical analysis was performed using the chi-squared test and relative risk, and a multiple logistic regression model was used to determine how well each factor predicted headache while controlling for each of the other factors. Results: Based on a sample of 494 subjects, it was found that 213 (43.11%) complained of tinnitus. Among the complainants, 97 (45.53%) practiced physical activity regularly. We have confirmed associations between headache with lack of physical activity among elderly individuals with tinnitus (p = 0.0440). It was also observed that certain factors, such as male gender and tinnitus, are independent factors for the complaint of headache. Conclusion: We have found that headache could be a symptom related to the lack of regular physical activity among elderly individuals with tinnitus. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Zumbido , Exercício , Cefaleia , Envelhecimento , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Sedentário , Atividade Motora
2.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 19(3): 718-734, dez. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1046006

RESUMO

Na velhice, a capacidade aeróbica, a força muscular, a flexibilidade, o equilíbrio, o tempo de reação e movimento, a agilidade e a coordenação são gradativamente reduzidos. Isso pode acarretar inúmeras dificuldades para a realização das tarefas cotidianas e para a independência funcional dessas pessoas. Esses idosos sentem-se, com frequência, inúteis, ansiosos, frustrados, mal-humorados, irritados e, até, deprimidos. Por outro lado, a prática de atividades físicas regulares pode trazer melhorias para a saúde física e mental dos praticantes. Esta pesquisa investigou a relação entre o exercício físico regular e a depressão em indivíduos idosos. Participaram da pesquisa 160 pessoas de 60 a 85 anos de idade, sendo 84 praticantes de tipos variados de atividades físicas regulares e 76 sedentários. Para avaliar a depressão foi usada Escala de Depressão para Idosos, constituída pelas dimensões cognitiva-afetiva e somática-motora. Nos resultados, os idosos sedentários apresentaram graus médios mais elevados sem todas as dimensões da depressão comparados com os praticantes de exercícios físicos regulares. Na discussão, são abordadas as hipóteses neurofisiológicas e psicossociais para explicar os efeitos positivos do exercício regular sobre o humor dos praticantes.(AU)


The number of people over 60 years of age in the Brazilian population is around 12.5% of the total. Aerobic capacity, muscle strength, flexibility, balance, time of reaction and movement, agility and coordination are reduced in old age. This can entail numerous difficulties in carrying out the daily tasks and the functional independence of the elderly. They often feel useless, anxious, frustrated, moody, angry, and depressed. On the other hand, the practice of regular physical activities can bring improvements to their physical and mental health. This research investigated the relationship between regular physical exercise and depression in elderly individuals. A total of 160 people from 60 to 85 years of age participated in the study, of which 84 were of different types of regular physical activity and 76 were sedentary. Depression Scale for the Elderly was used to assess depression, which consists of cognitive-affective and somatic-motor dimensions. The Student's t test revealed that the sedentary elderly presented significantly higher average degrees in both dimensions and in total depression, compared to the elderly practicing regular physical exercises. In the discussion, we discuss the neurophysiological and psychosocial hypotheses to explain the positive effects of regular exercise on the mood of the practitioners.(AU)


El número de personas con más de 60 años de edad en la población brasileña se encuentra en torno del 12,5% del total. La capacidad aeróbica, la fuerza muscular, la flexibilidad, el equilibrio, el tiempo de reacción y el movimiento, la agilidad y la coordinación se reducen en la vejez. Esto puede acarrear innumerables dificultades para la realización de las tareas cotidianas y para la independencia funcional de las personas mayores. Estos se sienten a menudo inútiles, ansiosos, frustrados, malhumorados, irritados y depresivos. Por otro lado, la práctica de actividades físicas regulares puede traer mejoras para la salud física y mental de los mismos. Esta investigación investigó la relación entre el ejercicio regular y la depresión en los ancianos. Participó en la investigación 160 personas de 60 a 85 años de edad, siendo 84 practicantes de tipos variados de actividades físicas regulares y 76 sedentarios. Para evaluar la depresión se utilizó Escala de Depresión para los ancianos, constituida por las dimensiones cognitiva-afectiva y somática-motora. El test t de Student reveló que los ancianos sedentarios presentaron grados medios significativamente más elevados en las dos dimensiones y en la depresión total comparados con los ancianos practicantes de ejercicios físicos regulares. En la discusión, se abordan las hipótesis neurofisiológicas y psicosociales para explicar los efectos del ejercicio regular sobre el humor de los practicantes.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Idoso/psicologia , Saúde do Idoso , Atividade Motora , Depressão , Comportamento Sedentário
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17736, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689819

RESUMO

To explore associated risk factors and their interactions with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among the elderly with prediabetes in rural areas in China.A nested case-control study was conducted in a fixed cohort to identify the risk factors for T2DM among the elderly with prediabetes in rural areas of Yiyang City in China. A total of 37 elderly with T2DM were included in the cases group and 111 elderly subjects with prediabetes were matched in the control group. Data related to sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle behavior, and anthropometric variables were collected by trained staff using standard tools. The risk factors for T2DM were determined using conditional logistic regression analysis, and their additive interactions were also explored.Multivariable conditional logistic regression analysis results showed that overweight/obesity (odds ratio [OR] = 4.80, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.20-12.28), family history of diabetes (OR = 3.63, 95% CI: 1.03-12.81), physically inactive (OR = 3.08, 95% CI: 1.14-8.30), high waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (OR = 3.15, 95% CI: 1.27-7.80), and inadequate diabetes-specific health literacy (DSHL) (OR = 3.92, 95% CI: 1.14-13.48) increased the risk for T2DM. Additive interactions for T2DM were observed between a family history of diabetes and high WHR with a relative excess risk of interaction (RERI) of 10.02 (95% CI: 4.25, 15.78), and between high WHR and overweight or obesity, with an RERI of 3.90 (95% CI: 0.36, 7.44).The independent risk factors for T2DM are overweight or obesity, high WHR, family history of diabetes, physically inactive, and inadequate DSHL. High WHR as a risk factor for T2DM has additive interactions with family history of diabetes and overweight or obesity.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/etiologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Antropometria , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/fisiopatologia , Risco , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sedentário , Relação Cintura-Quadril
4.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3199, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618392

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate self-esteem, the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and other substances in outsourced workers of a public university. METHOD: a descriptive-analytical, cross-sectional, quantitative study developed with 316 outsourced workers from a municipality in the Southeast of Brazil. Data was collected through a characterization tool, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test. For data analysis, we used descriptive statistics, Pearson's chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, odds ratio and logistic regression. RESULTS: the majority of workers had high self-esteem and some used alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and inhalants. A significant association between gender, age group and work shift with self-esteem; between the risk of developing problems related to alcohol consumption with sex, age group, marital status, religious belief and number of children; between the practice of physical activity and the risk of developing problems related to the consumption of tobacco products was found. CONCLUSION: this study contributes to the increase of knowledge due to the small number of researches involving this subject and to contribute to the nurses to have subsidies to work with this population using strategies to combat the triggers of psychic disorders.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Serviços Terceirizados/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoimagem , Fumar/epidemiologia , Uso de Tabaco/epidemiologia , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sedentário , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Uso de Tabaco/psicologia
5.
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 52(Suppl 4): 273-281, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mobility decline and worsening of the cognitive status are all too often the result of acute hospital treatment in older patients. This is particularly pronounced in patients with pre-existing cognitive impairment. This study strived to analyze the routines of geriatric acute care and identify reasons and triggers for sedentary behavior during acute hospitalization of cognitively impaired inpatients. METHODS AND PATIENTS: A sample of 20 moderately cognitively impaired geriatric inpatients (average age 84 years) were recruited on an acute care ward. Information on persons attending the patient, daytime, location, context, patient's activity behavior and difficulty of action were collected by behavioral mapping over a period of 35 1­min timeslots and extrapolated to a period of 525 min. Routines were further analyzed via semi-structured interviews with five healthcare professionals (HCP). RESULTS: Relevant relations between various categorical and ordinal variables, such as patients' activity behavior, persons attending the patient, daytime, location, difficulty of action and contextual factors were found. Extrapolated data showed that patients spent 396.9 min (75%) in their room, 342.0 min (65%) were spent alone and 236.2 min (45%) lying in bed. The time patients spent alone was grossly underestimated by HCP. CONCLUSION: Time spent without company, lacking meaningful activities and continuous bedridden periods due to missing demands to leave the room might have led to time spent inactive and alone. These seem to be strong predictors for sedentariness. Routines of acute care should be reorganized to increase physical activity and thereby reduce sedentary behavior of this patient group.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Pacientes Internados/psicologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Projetos Piloto
6.
Rev Prat ; 69(4): 438-443, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626503

RESUMO

The prescription of physical activity for patients living with a long-term condition has been enshrined in legislation since 2016. The French National Cancer Institute published a literature review on the expected effects of physical activity in patients living with cancer. The benefits are prevention or correction of physical deconditioning, a preservation and/or a normalization of body composition, a reduction of cancerrelated fatigue, an overall quality-of-life improvement, the improvement of treatments tolerance and their medium and long-term effects, an increased life expectancy and a lower risk of cancer recurrence. These effects can be observed for a mixed physical activity program -cardio respiratory fitness and muscular strength-, with moderate to vigorous intensity activity, 30 minutes a day at least 5 days a week. The benefits are all the more important as physical activity starts early. Health professionals have an important part to play in helping patients engage in physical activity, with a regular even moderate practice which is always beneficial as compared with sedentary behaviors.


Assuntos
Exercício , Neoplasias , Exercício/fisiologia , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Neoplasias/reabilitação , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Comportamento Sedentário
7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(10): 1257-1261, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658527

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between daily sedentary time and frailty among people aged 50 years and over. Methods: Cross-sectional data was collected from the first wave of World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health in China. A two-level (individual level and community level) logistic model was performed to identify the association between daily sedentary time and frailty. The dose-response relationship between them was analyzed by restrictive cubic spline curve. Results: A total of 13 175 individuals aged 50 years and over were included for analysis. A positive association between daily sedentary time and frailty was noticed, both in urban (OR=1.22, 95%CI: 1.17-1.27) or rural areas (OR=1.11, 95%CI: 1.05-1.18) under study. The dose-response curve showed that daily sedentary time and frailty might present an approximate linear relationship. Conclusion: Results from this study showed significant association exsited between daily sedentary time and frailty, approximately with a linear dose-response relationship.


Assuntos
Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Idoso , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 86, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the co-occurrence of the major risk factors for chronic diseases in adults (18-59 years old) and older people (≥ 60 years old) living in Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with population-based data from 35,448 adults and 18,726 older people collected in the Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (System of Surveillance of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey - Vigitel) in 2015. The prevalence of each of the five risk factors (smoking, overweight, physical inactivity, alcohol and unhealthy diet) was estimated, as well as their co-occurrence for the different possible combinations, according to socioeconomic and health self-assessment variables. The independent associations were verified via multinomial logistic regression to obtain the estimates of the odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: At least two risk factors were present in 38.5% of the adults and 37.0% of the older participants. The male adults and older participants who did not have private health insurance and classified their health as average or poor/very poor were more likely to have two or more concurrent risk behaviors. The greater chance of co-occurrence of smoking and alcohol abuse in adults (adjusted OR = 3.52) and older people (adjusted OR = 2.94) stands out. CONCLUSIONS: The subgroups with increased risk of developing multiple unhealthy behaviors and the most prevalent behaviors were identified. These findings are expected to contribute to the better targeting of health promotion and preventive care. It is worth noting that, for the adoption of healthy lifestyle habits, macro-social and inter-sectoral policies are more effective.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/complicações , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sedentário , Distribuição por Sexo , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Adulto Jovem
9.
Sante Publique ; Vol. 31(3): 377-385, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640325

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effects of an intervention on reducing sitting time in a professional setting. METHODS: The intervention consisted of a group presentation on sedentary behavior at work and active work breaks, followed by an individual planning phase. Participants were then invited to use alert software for four weeks. The intervention lasted six weeks; 38 people aged 29 to 59 years participated (80% women). Before and after the intervention, participants wore accelerometers to assess behaviors (sedentary and physical activity at work) and responded to a questionnaire measuring the degree of automaticity for sitting at work and taking active breaks. RESULTS: After the intervention, the time spent in a sitting position during a working day decreased significantly. Specifically, sitting time decreased more among those aged 29 to 43 years; who had decided to take breaks of at least 5 minutes; and had more extended sitting time before the intervention. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that combining an informational strategy with computer- or mobile-generated alerts reduces sitting time spent in the workplace. This intervention was inexpensive for employees and companies. An interesting perspective could be to compare these effects with those of interventions based on a change in the physical work environment (such as the installation of adjustable desks).


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Postura Sentada , Local de Trabalho , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Comportamento Sedentário , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Fisioterapia (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 41(5): 266-274, sept.-oct. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183936

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivo: Las evidencias clínicas indican que los individuos mayores muestran con mayor frecuencia diversos cambios cognoscitivos, siendo leves y poco incapacitantes refiriéndose a las funciones mnésicas y a la rapidez de pensamiento y razonamiento. Numerosas evidencias científicas apoyan el papel del ejercicio físico aeróbico como pilar fundamental para prevenir o retrasar la aparición de deterioro cognitivo leve o demencia. El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en determinar el efecto duradero de la mejoría del estado cognitivo de los adultos mayores sanos a los 6 meses de la finalización de un programa de Revitalización Geriátrica (PRG). Material y métodos: La población de estudio fue tomada de los participantes en el PRG de la Universidad de Salamanca. Siguiendo las directrices de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, los sujetos realizaron 3 sesiones semanales de ejercicio físico moderado durante el periodo de intervención. Para la elección de la muestra se realizó un muestreo aleatorio por conglomerados, donde se eligieron al azar 3 asociaciones del total de asociaciones de la ciudad y en cada una de ellas del conjunto de personas que estaban dispuestas a seguir el PRG. La muestra estaba formada por 35 sujetos de ambos sexos mayores de 60 años. Para la valoración neuropsicológica de los sujetos se incluyeron una serie de pruebas neuropsicológicas validadas: Examen Cognoscitivo Mini-Mental; Test de Retención Visual de Benton; Aprendizaje Audioverbal de Rey; Test de Stroop; Test del Trazo A y B. Resultados: Los resultados nos indican la existencia de diferencias significativas entre las 3 valoraciones realizadas, obteniendo un mayor rendimiento tras la intervención, en las variables evaluadas, y volviendo a puntuaciones iniciales tras la inactividad física. Conclusiones: Se deben encontrar estrategias que limiten el tiempo de inactividad física o de sedentarismo de la población mayor de 65 años, buscando maneras de incentivar a la participación en Programas de Actividad Física


Background and aim: Clinical evidence shows that elder individuals display with greater frequency diverse cognitive changes, minor and slightly incapacitating, related to mnesic functions and speed of thought and reasoning. Much scientific evidence supports the role that aerobic physical activity plays as fundamental to prevent or delay the onset of minor cognitive damage or dementia. The aim of this paper is to determine the lasting effect of improved cognitive status in healthy older adults six months after completing a geriatric revitalization programme (GRP). Material and methods: The study population was recruited among participants in the Universidad de Salamanca GRP. Following the guidelines of the World Health Organization, subjects performed 3 weekly sessions of moderate physical exercise during the intervention period. The sample consisted of 35 subjects of both genders, all of them over 60 years old. For the selection of the sample, random sampling was carried out by conglomerates, where 3 associations of the total number of associations in the city were chosen at random, and in each of the group of people who were willing to follow the GRP. In order to assess the subjects' neuropsychological capacities, a series of validated neuropsychological tests were included: Mini-Mental State Examination; Benton Visual Retention Test; Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test; Stroop Test; Trail Making Test. Results: The results show significant differences between the three assessments put into effect: after the intervention, performance improved in all variables assessed, and it returned to the initial scores after a period of physical inactivity. Conclusions: We must find strategies to limit spans of physical inactivity or sedentary lifestyles in people over 65 by looking for ways to encourage participation in physical activity programmes


Assuntos
Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cognição , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Comportamento Sedentário , Exercício , Amostragem por Conglomerados , Neuropsicologia
11.
Fisioterapia (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 41(5): 275-284, sept.-oct. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183937

RESUMO

Introducción: La actividad física (AF) es fundamental para la salud. Las secuelas producidas tras un ictus y otras barreras pueden interferir en la realización de ejercicio físico (EF). Consecuentemente, podría variar la percepción de sus beneficios. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el nivel de AF en función de la capacidad de deambulación, y el grado de incapacidad que presentan los individuos con dichos caracteres, así como las barreras y los beneficios en la práctica de EF percibidos por estos. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal de encuesta en una muestra de personas con secuelas crónicas tras ictus. Se elaboró una encuesta que contó con un diario de actividad, la escala SIS-16, el cuestionario IPAQ-E, y las escalas FAC y EBBS. Resultados: Participaron 74 personas (edad media de 59,19±15,4 años). El 51,4% mostraron una AF baja; particularmente las mujeres (56,7%), los mayores de 65 años (76,9%), los que vivían institucionalizados (100%) y los residentes en el ámbito rural (69,2%). Aquellos individuos con un bajo grado de incapacidad destacaron dentro de los niveles de AF moderada (Mdn=76) y alta (Mdn=87,5), mientras que las personas con un mayor grado de incapacidad despuntaron dentro del nivel de AF bajo (Mdn=51). Hubo diferencias significativas entre el grupo de marcha totalmente dependiente (Mdn=0) y el grupo de marcha independiente (Mdn=1110,500)U=108,500; p<0,001), siendo el primero de los grupos el que obtuvo un nivel bajo de AF. Las barreras más comunes fueron las relacionadas con la fatiga y el cansancio que provoca el EF. Los participantes reconocieron los beneficios del EF para el incremento de la fuerza y el tono muscular; la mejora de la flexibilidad; el funcionamiento del corazón y la condición física. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en cuanto a la percepción de barreras y beneficios. Conclusión: La mayoría de los participantes presenta una AF baja, predominando esta en aquellos con un mayor grado de incapacidad y con una marcha dependiente. Se reconocen los beneficios del EF para la mejora de su sistema cardiovascular, su fuerza muscular y su condición física. Justifican la falta de EF por la fatiga y el cansancio que provoca


Introduction: Physical activity (PA) is fundamental for health. The sequelae produced after a stroke and other barriers can interfere in the performance of physical exercise (PE). Consequently, the perception of its benefits may vary. The aim of this study was to determine the level of PA according to the ability to walk, and the degree of disability that individuals with these characteristics present, as well as the barriers and benefits to PE practice perceived by them. Material and methods: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in a sample of people with chronic squeal after stroke. The survey included a daily activity diary, the SIS-16 scale, the IPAQ-E questionnaire, and the FAC and EBBS scales. Results: 74 people participated (mean age 59.19 ±15.4). Of these, 51.4% showed a low PA; particularly the women (56.7%), those over 65 years (76.9%), those who were institutionalized (100%), and residents in rural areas (69.2%). The individuals with a low degree of disability stood out within the levels of moderate PA (Mdn=76) and high PA (Mdn=87.5), while those with a higher degree of disability stood out within the level of low PA (Mdn=51). There were significant differences between the totally dependent walking group (Mdn=0) and the independent walking group (Mdn=1110.500) (U=108.500, p<.001), the first of the groups obtained a low level of PA. The most common barriers were those related to fatigue caused by PE. Participants recognized the benefits of PA for increasing strength and muscle tone; the improvement of flexibility; the functioning of the heart and physical condition. No significant differences were found regarding the perception of barriers and benefits. Conclusion: The majority of participants present a low PA, predominantly those with a higher degree of disability and with dependent walking. The benefits of PE are recognized for improving cardiovascular health, muscle strength and physical condition. They justify their lack of PE by the fatigue it causes


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 24: 1-7, out. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026746

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of cutoff points in defining sedentary behavior (SB) time and prevalence, measured by accelerometers in adolescents from Northeastern Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study with adolescents aged between 10 and 14 years from public schools in João Pessoa, Paraíba state, conducted in 2014. SB was measured by an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X+) and the following cutoff points were applied: Evenson (≤ 25 counts/15sec), Puyau (< 800 counts/60sec), Vanhelst (≤ 400 counts/60sec), Hänggi (< 3 counts/1sec) and Romanzini (≤ 180 counts/15sec), along with the 20 and 60-minute accelerometer nonwear time. To compare the av-erage and prevalence of excessive SB time (≥ 8 hours/day) between cutoff points, one-way ANOVA for repeated measures (Bonferroni post hoc) and the Cochran test, respectively, were used. There were significant differences in average SB between the cutoff points analyzed (p > 0.05), ranging from 37.44 min/day (Romanzini: 547.37 min/day vs. Vanhelst: 584.81 min/day) to 370.44 min/day (Hänggi: 310.51 min/day vs. Puyau: 680.95 min/day) for the 20-minute nonwear criterion; and from 81.52 min/day (Evenson: 502.41 min/day vs. Romanzini: 583.93 min/day) to 361.94 min/day (Hänggi: 354.58 min/day vs. Puyau: 716.52 min/day) for the 60-minute criterion. The prevalence of excessive SB varied from 3.3% (Hänggi) to 99.3% (Puyau). Average daily SB and the prevalence of excessive SB in the adolescents showed marked differences between the cutoff points assessed


O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o impacto dos pontos de corte para definir comportamento sedentário (CS) no tempo e prevalência desse comportamento, mensurado por acelerômetros, em adolescentes no Nordeste do Brasil. Estudo transversal, com adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos de idade de escolas públicas de João Pessoa, Paraíba, em 2014. O CS foi mensurado por acelerômetro (ActiGraph GT3X+) e foram aplicados os seguintes pontos de corte: Evenson (≤ 25 counts/15seg), Puyau (< 800 counts/60seg), Vanhelst (≤ 400 counts/60seg), Hänggi (< 3 counts/1seg) e Romanzini (≤ 180 counts/15seg), combinados às definições de 20 e 60 minutos de não uso do acelerômetro. Para comparar o tempo médio e a prevalência de tempo excessivo de CS (≥ 8 horas/dia), entre os pontos de corte, utilizou-se a ANOVA ONE-WAY para medidas repetidas (post hoc de Bonferroni) e o teste de Cochran, respectivamente. Houve diferenças significativas na média de CS entre todos os pontos de corte analisados (p < 0,05), variando de 37,44 min/dia (Romanzini: 547,37 min/dia vs. Vanhelst: 584,81 min/dia) a 370,44 min/dia (Hänggi: 310,51 min/dia vs. Puyau: 680,95 min/dia) para o critério de 20 minutos de não uso; e de 81,52 min/dia (Evenson: 502,41 min/dia vs. Romanzini: 583,93 min/dia) a 361,94 min/dia (Hänggi: 354,58 min/dia vs. Puyau: 716,52 min/dia) para o de 60 minutos. A prevalência de exposição excessiva de CS variou de 3,3% (Hänggi) a 99,3% (Puyau). O tempo médio diário e a prevalência de exposição excessiva de CS de adolescentes apresentaram diferenças acentuadas entre os pontos de corte analisado


Assuntos
Adolescente , Comportamento Sedentário , Acelerometria
13.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 24: 1-7, out. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026747

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to verify if there is an impact of an additional program of sports activities (GSA) in school Physical Education classes on parameters of physical fitness related to the health of children. A quasi-experimental study was carried out, including 73 children, 8 to 11 years of age, of both sexes. The intervention took place over four weeks, with two weekly sessions of training or class, lasting 50 to 60 minutes per session. The children were allocated into two groups: a group that performed the Physical Education classes exclusively (GPE, n = 39); and a sports activities group (GSA, n = 34). The sports activities included passes, reception, pitches, dribbling, and running. Physical fitness was investigated by the Fitnessgram test in the pre- and post-intervention moments. Generalized Estimating Equations were used to compare the physical fitness tests between the pre and post moments (intragroup), and the impact of the intervention was verified by the intergroup analysis. The intragroup results showed that the GSA presented significant improvements in all physical fitness tests (p < 0.01), as well as reduction in relative fat and BMI (p < 0.05). However, the GPE demonstrated worsening results in the abdominal test (p = 0.019) and an increase in relative fat (p = 0.001). In the intergroup analysis, there were significant differences in the BMI and aerobic endurance test, with superiority in the GSA (p = 0.030). It was concluded that the program with sports activities was effective in improving physical fitness levels, while PE classes in isolation were not sufficient to guarantee improvement in physical fitness related to health


O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar se existe impacto de um programa adicional de atividades esportivas (GSA) às aulas de Educação Física (EF) escolar sobre parâmetros da aptidão física relacionada à saúde de crianças. Estudo quase - experimental que envolveu 73 crianças, de 8 a 11 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos. A intervenção ocorreu durante quatro semanas, com duas sessões semanais de treinamento ou aula, com duração de 50 a 60 minutos por sessão. As crianças foram alocadas em dois grupos: grupo que realizou as aulas de Edu-cação Física (GPE, n = 39) exclusivamente; e grupo de atividades esportivas (GSA, n = 34). As atividades esportivas incluíram jogos pré-desportivos, incluindo passes, recepção, arremessos, dribles e corridas. A aptidão física foi investigada pelo Fitnessgram nos momentos pré e pós-intervenção. As Equações de Estimativa Ge-neralizadas foram utilizadas para comparar os testes de aptidão física entre os momentos pré e pós (intragru-pos), e o impacto da intervenção foi verificado pela análise intergrupos. Os resultados intragrupo revelaram que o GSA obteve uma melhora significativa em todos os testes de aptidão física (p < 0,01), além da redução da gordura relativa e no IMC (p < 0,05). No entanto, o GPE demonstrou piora no teste abdominal (p = 0,019) e aumento na gordura relativa (p = 0,001). Na análise intergrupos, houve diferenças significativas no IMC e no teste de resistência aeróbia, com superioridade no GSA (p = 0,030). Conclui-se que o programa com atividades esportivas foi efetivo na melhora dos níveis de aptidão física, enquanto que as aulas de EF não foram suficientes de forma isolada para garantir melhora na aptidão física relacionada à saúde


Assuntos
Estudos Longitudinais , Adolescente , Comportamento Sedentário , Acelerometria
14.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 24: 1-7, out. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026748

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to examine the association of sedentary behavior with overweight and abdominal obesity in older adults. This was a cross-sectional study with older men and women residing in the municipalities of the Regional Health Superintendency of Uberaba, Minas Gerais. Sedentary behavior was assessed according to the time spent sitting on a weekday and a weekend day. Body mass, height and waist circumference were measured. Excess weight was determined by means of body mass index, while abdominal obesity by waist circumference. Poisson regression analyzis with robust variance were used to examine the association of sedentary behavior with overweight and abdominal obesity. The total sample consisted of 3223 older people (61.3% women), with a mean age of 70 ± 7.26 years. There was no association between quartiles of sedentary behavior and overweight (2nd quartile: PR = 0.99; 95%CI: 0.94­1.05; 3rd quartile: PR = 0.99; 95%CI: 0.93­1.07; 4th quartile: PR = 1.07; 95%CI: 1.00­1.13) and abdominal obesity (2nd quartile: PR = 1.04; 95%CI: 1.00­1.08; 3rd quartile: PR = 1.03; 95%CI: 0.98­1.08; 4th quartile: PR = 0.98; 95%CI: 0.94­1.03) when analyses were adjusted for sociodemographic, health perception and behavioral variables. The sedentary be-havior was not associated with overweight and abdominal obesity in the elderly.


O objetivo deste estudo foi examinar a associação entre o comportamento sedentário e o excesso de peso e a obesidade abdominal em idosos. Trata-se de um estudo transversal com idosos de ambos os sexos, residentes nos municípios da Superintendência Regional de Saúde de Uberaba, Minas Gerais. O comportamento sedentário foi avaliado pelo tempo despendido sentado em um dia de semana e um dia de final de semana. A massa corporal, estatura e circunferência da cintura foram aferidas. O excesso de peso foi determinado por meio do índice de massa corporal e a obesidade abdominal pela e circunferência da cintura. Na estatística, empregou-se análises de regressão de Poisson com variância robusta. Participaram do estudo 3.223 idosos, com média de idade de 70 ± 7,26 anos, sendo 61,3% mulheres. Quando realizadas análises ajustadas pelas variáveis sociodemográficas, percepção de saúde e comportamentais, não foram verificadas associações entre os quartis de comportamento sedentário com o excesso de peso (2º quartil: RP = 0,99; IC95%: 0,94­1,05; 3º quartil: RP = 0,99; IC95%: 0,93­1,07; 4º quartil: RP = 1,07; IC95%: 1,00­1,13) e obesidade abdominal (2º quartil: RP = 1,04; IC95%: 1,00­1,08; 3º quartil: RP = 1,03; IC95%: 0,98­1,08; 4º quartil: RP = 0,98; IC95%: 0,94­1,03). O comportamento sedentário não associou com o excesso de peso e com a obesidade abdominal em idosos


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Circunferência da Cintura , Comportamento Sedentário
15.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 24: 1-8, out. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026753

RESUMO

The aims of this study were a) to describe the smartphone use and sedentary behavior (SB) on typical weekdays and weekends, and b) to verify the association between smartphone use and SB among adolescents. This is a cross-sectional population school-based, which surveyed 984 students from Uberaba, Minas Gerais, in 2015. Gender-stratified analysis were performed using t-tests, Pearson's correlation (r) and multiple linear regression (ß). Girls used more smartphones than boys (weekdays: 6.58 hrs vs. 5.29 hrs, p < 0.001; weekend: 7.81 hrs vs. 6.18 hrs, p < 0.001). Both genders used more smartphones in the weekend (p < 0.001) than weekdays. SB was higher in girls than boys (weekdays: 5.34 hrs vs. 4.48 hrs, p < 0.001, weekend: 5.22 hrs vs. 4.38 hrs, p < 0.001). SB was higher for both genders at weekend (p < 0.001) than on weekdays. Correlation between SB and smartphone use ranged from weak to moderate in both genders (weekdays: boys, r = 0.30; girls, r = 0.17, p < 0.001; weekend: boys, r = 0.39; girls, r = 0.17, p < 0.001). Smartphone use was positively associated with SB during the weekdays (boys: ß = 0.25, girls: ß = 0.19, p < 0.001) and weekend (boys: ß = 0.31; girls: ß= 0.14, p < 0.001). Girls showed greater SB and smartphone use than boys, regardless if compared on weekdays or weekend. SB and smartphone were positively associated in both genders


Os objetivos deste estudo foram a) descrever o uso de smartphone e o comportamento sedentário (CS) em dias típicos de semana e final de semana (FDS) e, b) verificar a associação entre o uso de smartphone e o CS em adolescentes. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, com 984 escolares de Uberaba, Minas Gerais, conduzido em 2015. Para análises estratificadas por sexo, utilizou-se testes-t, correlação de Pearson (r) e regressão linear múltipla (ß). Moças usavam mais o smartphone que os rapazes (semana: 6,58 vs. 5,29 horas, p < 0,001; FDS: 7,81 vs. 6,18 horas, p < 0,001). Ambos os sexos usaram mais smartphone no FDS (p < 0,001). O CS foi maior nas moças que nos rapazes (semana: 5,34 vs. 4,48 horas, p < 0,001; FDS: 5,22 vs. 4,38 horas, p < 0,001). O CS foi maior no FDS, em ambos os sexos (p < 0,001). A correlação entre CS e smartphone foi de fraca a moderada em ambos os sexos (semana: rapazes, r = 0,30; moças, r = 0,17, p < 0,001; e FDS: rapazes, r = 0,39; moças, r = 0,17, p < 0,001). Uso de smartphone foi positivamente associado com CS durante a semana (rapazes: ß = 0,25; moças: ß = 0,19, p < 0,001) e FDS (rapazes: ß = 0,31; moças: ß = 0,14, p < 0,001). Moças apresentaram maior CS e uso de smartphone do que rapazes, independentemente se comparados na semana ou FDS. CS e uso de smartphones foram positivamente associados em ambos os sexos


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Telefone Celular , Computadores de Mão , Comportamento Sedentário
16.
Clín. investig. arterioscler. (Ed. impr.) ; 31(5): 233-240, sept.-oct. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184167

RESUMO

El sedentarismo y la inactividad física son altamente prevalentes globalmente y están asociados a un amplio rango de enfermedades crónicas y muerte prematura. El interés en la conducta sedentaria está justificado por la creciente evidencia que apunta hacia una relación entre esta conducta y el incremento en la prevalencia de obesidad, diabetes y enfermedad cardiovascular. A través de la historia es bien conocido que ser inactivo no es saludable, pero hoy día casi un tercio de la población del mundo es inactiva, lo que representa un serio problema de salud pública


Sedentarism and physical inactivity is highly prevalent globally, and are associated with a wide range of chronic diseases and premature deaths. The interest in sedentary behaviour is justified by a growing body of evidence that points to a relationship between this lifestyle and the increase in the prevalence of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. It has been known throughout history that being inactive is unhealthy, but nowadays almost one-third of the world's population is inactive, thus representing a major public health problem


Assuntos
Humanos , Comportamento Sedentário , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Saúde Pública , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Impactos na Saúde
17.
Nutr. hosp ; 36(5): 1157-1162, sept.-oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184640

RESUMO

Introducción: la inactividad física constituye el cuarto factor de riesgo más importante de mortalidad en todo el mundo y los estudiantes universitarios presentan en un alto nivel este factor de riesgo. Objetivos: determinar la modificación de la actividad física de los estudiantes universitarios en Navarra durante los tres primeros años de universidad. Métodos: estudio observacional prospectivo de una cohorte de universitarios que participaron en el estudio en primer curso y dos años después, en tercer curso. Las cohortes fueron constituidas por 454 estudiantes que respondieron a un cuestionario de autocumplimentación voluntario y anónimo con variables sociodemográficas y relacionadas con la actividad física. Los datos se analizaron con el SPSS v21.0. Resultados: un 67,4% (n = 306) fueron mujeres y un 32,6% (n = 148) fueron hombres. El 61,6% de los estudiantes de primer curso realizaban más de 150 minutos a la semana de actividad física y se incrementó el porcentaje de estudiantes activos físicamente en un 2,7%. Entre quienes realizaban actividad física mínimo tres veces a la semana se observó un incremento del 6,1%, hasta alcanzar el 30,5% de estudiantes. Conclusiones: el periodo universitario no desempeña un papel significativo en la promoción de la actividad física, ya que se observan modificaciones mínimas en su práctica. A futuro, convendría plantearse los motivos que dificultan la actividad física y diseñar programas según las recomendaciones actuales


Introduction: physical inactivity is the fourth most important risk factor for mortality worldwide and university students present this risk factor at a high level. Objective: to determine the changes in the physical activity of university students in Navarra during the first three years of college. Methods: prospective observational study of a cohort of university students. They participated in the first year, and two years later in the third year. The cohorts were comprised of 454 students who answered a voluntary and anonymous self-completion questionnaire with sociodemographic and physical activity related variables. Data were analyzed with SPSS v21.0. Results: of the participants, 67.4% (n = 306) were women and 32.6% (n = 148) were men. In the first year, 61.6% of students performed more than 150 minutes of physical activity per week. This percentage increased by 2.7%. The frequency of physical activity at least three times a week increased 6.1%, reaching 30.5% of students. Conclusions: university does not play a significant role in the promotion of physical activity, finding minimal modifications. In the future, it would be convenient to consider the reasons that hinder physical activity and design programs according to current recommendations


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sedentário , Saúde do Estudante , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Frequência Cardíaca , Modelos Logísticos , Índice de Massa Corporal
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 473-480, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040099

RESUMO

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends as a weekly "target dose" of exercise 150 minutes of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of intense exercise. Public health policies have prioritized the practice of exercise as a strategy for disease prevention and health promotion, with health professionals as their main promoters. Objective: To assess the interaction between the amount of exercise per week and the knowledge about recommendations for fighting a sedentary lifestyle among health care professionals attending a congress of cardiology. Methods: Participants of the 2017 Rio de Janeiro Society of Cardiology Congress were interviewed. Knowledge about the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for fighting a sedentary lifestyle was assessed by asking participants the question: "How much weekly exercise is recommended by the WHO?" Responders were stratified by the weekly exercise load reported. A multivariate logistic model was created to determine independent predictors of knowledge. Results: A total of 426 participants were interviewed (45.5% men, median age 31 years, 37.8% physicians, 65.8% of the physicians were cardiologists). The overall knowledge level was 44.6%; 38.1%, 52.7% and 56.6% among non-physicians, non-cardiologists and cardiologists, respectively (p = 0.002). Of all participants, 21.8% were inactive, 15% were lightly active, 34.7% moderately active and 28.4% highly active, and the percentage of individuals who gave a correct answer to the question on exercise recommendations was 30.1%, 42%, 48% and 52.9% respectively (p < 0.0001). In the multivariate analysis, being highly active (OR = 2.25, IC95%, 1.238 - 4.089), moderately active (OR = 1.93, IC 95% 1.105 - 3.39) and being a cardiologist (OR = 2.01, IC 95% 1.243 - 3,267) were predictors of knowledge. Conclusions: There was a linear association between exercise level and knowledge about the WHO recommendations on exercise. Policies to stimulate the practice of exercise among health professionals can positively impact campaigns for reducing sedentary lifestyle in the general population


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Esportes , Medicina Esportiva/tendências , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Exercício , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Índice de Massa Corporal , Análise Estatística , Análise Multivariada , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comportamento Sedentário , Promoção da Saúde , Frequência Cardíaca , Atividade Motora
19.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 5(2): 94-110, ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1021764

RESUMO

Introdução:Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 é uma doença crônica, silenciosa, caracterizada por hiperglicemia causada pela produção insuficiente, ou resistência a ação da insulina. No Brasil, em 2017, diagnosticou 12,5 milhões de pessoas com diabetes mellitus, com uma prevalência de 8 a 9%, ocupando o quinto lugar no mundo. Dianteda transição nutricional, várias pesquisas tem demonstrado prevalência desta patologia em crianças, adolescentes e jovens. Objetivo:Identificar o risco de desenvolver Diabetes mellitus tipo 2 nos estudantes do curso de Biomedicina, da Faculdade Unigran Capital, Campo Grande, MS. Método:Trata-se de um Estudo Epidemiológico Descritivo Quantitativo Transversal, com uma amostra de 132 estudantes, através da aplicação de um questionário, determinação de glicemia capilar, coleta do peso, altura, cintura abdominal, e aferição da pressão arterial. Resultados:Foi identificado fatores de riscos importantes nos estudantes de biomedicina: obesidade, sedentarismo, hipertensão, consumo de dieta não saudável e a predisposição genética. Os homens apresentaram mais fatores dos que as mulheres, as faixas etárias mais jovens de 18-20 anos encontravam-se mais sedentários e mais obesos, e, as faixas etárias mais velhas apresentaram hipertensão e consumo de dieta não saudável. Conclusões:Há necessidade de promover medidas de prevenção: consumo de dieta saudável e prática de atividade física entre os estudantes, para evitar o desenvolvimento desta patologia (AU).


Introduction:Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic silent disease characterized by hyperglycemia caused by insufficient production, or resistance to the action of insulin. In Brazil, in 2017, diagnosed 12.5 million people with Diabetes Mellitus, with prevalence of 8 to9%, ranking fifth in the world. Faced with the nutritional transition, several studies have demonstrated the prevalence of this pathology in children, adolescents and young people. Objective:To identify the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus instudents of Biomedicine, Faculty of Unigran Capital, Campo Grande, MS.Methods:This is an Epidemiological Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study, with a sample of 132 students, through the application of a questionnaire, determination of capillary glycemia, weight, height, abdominal waist, and blood pressure measurement. Results:: Important risk factors were identified in biomedicine students: obesity, sedentary lifestyle, hypertension, consumption of unhealthy diet and genetic predisposition. Males presentedmore factors than females, the younger age groups of 18-20 years were more sedentary and more obese, and the older age groups presented hypertension and unhealthy diet consumption.Conclusions:There is a need to promote prevention measures: consumption of healthy diet and practice of physical activity among students, to avoid the development of this pathology (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde , Fatores de Risco , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Sedentário , Brasil , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
20.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 19(3): 661-670, Jul.-Sept. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041083

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives: to study the prevalence of excess weight and associated factors among adolescents from a low-income neighborhood located in the city of Recife, Pernambuco. Methods: cross-sectional study, in which behavioral, socioeconomic and demographic information was collected from June to December 2014. Excess weight was calculated based on body mass index for age and the cut-off points, by the World Health Organization (2007). To analyze associations between predictor variables and the outcome, multivariate data analysis was performed following the Poisson Regression (Prevalence Ratio - PR) with their respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Results: twenty-five adolescents participated in the study, with a prevalence of 36.4% of excess weight: 20.4% overweight (95%CI=15.1-25.7) and 16.0% obesity (95%CI= 11.2-20.8), predominantly in female gender (42.5%; p=0.031). The outcome was associated with internet access (PR=1.20; 95%CI=1.01-1.43), the number of people in the family (PR= 1.12; 95%CI=1.01-1.28) and screen time (PR=1.13; 95%CI=1.01-1.27), but only in male gender. Conclusions: the prevalence found was higher than that of other national researches, especially for the female gender. In the male gender, not having internet access, a lesser number of family members and a longer screen time proved to be factors associated with being excess weight.


Resumo Objetivos: investigar a prevalência de excesso de peso e fatores associados entre adolescentes de uma comunidade de baixa renda situada na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco. Métodos: estudo transversal, em que foram coletadas informações demográficas, socioeconômicas e comportamentais no período de junho a dezembro de 2014. O excesso de peso foi determinado pelo índice de massa corporal por idade, baseado nos pontos de corte da Organização Mundial de Saúde (2007). Para investigar as associações entre variáveis predito rase desfecho, empregou-se análise multivariada por meio de Regressão de Poisson (Razão de Prevalência - RP) com seus respectivos intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%). Resultados: participaram do estudo 225 adolescentes, sendo encontrada prevalência de 36,4% de excesso de peso; 20,4% sobrepeso (IC95%=15,1-25,7) e 16,0% obesidade (IC95%=11,2-20,8), predominante no sexo feminino (42,5%; p=0,031). O desfecho apresentou-se associado ao acesso à internet (RP=1,20; IC95%=1,01-1,43), número de pessoas na família (RP=1,12; IC95%=1,01-1,28) e tempo de tela (RP=1,13; IC95%=1,01-1,27), porém apenas no sexo masculino. Conclusões: a prevalência encontrada foi superior a de outros estudos nacionais, principalmente no sexo feminino. No sexo masculino, não ter acesso a internet, um menor número de pessoas na família e um maior tempo de tela mostraram-se como fatores associados ao excesso de peso.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Pobreza , Transição Epidemiológica , Transição Nutricional , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Brasil , Índice de Massa Corporal , Distribuição de Poisson , Estudos Transversais , Doenças não Transmissíveis
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