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1.
Curr Psychiatry Rep ; 23(8): 51, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196839

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review and synthesize the literature on the effectiveness of offense-focused treatment for sexual offending. Specifically, we consider whether the extant literature suggests treatment is effective in reducing sexual reoffending and features of effective interventions. We also consider how the design of program evaluations may influence treatment outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research suggests that offense-focused psychological treatment for sexual offending shows some level of effectiveness in reducing both sexual and general reoffending. Further, there appear to be key program, individual, and study design features associated with treatment effectiveness. Although recent findings paint an optimistic outlook for offense-focused psychological treatment for sexual offending, further high-quality differential studies are needed to fully understand the range of content, delivery, and individual factors associated with successful treatment outcomes so as to establish what works best for whom.


Assuntos
Criminosos , Delitos Sexuais , Humanos , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Sexual
2.
Curr Psychiatry Rep ; 23(8): 52, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196851

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We are reviewing recent research into the community integration of men convicted of a sexual offence and their (risk) management. This is a high-profile political issue that binds together research in psychology, criminology, politics, health, public health, and policy studies. The review will demonstrate that a multi-disciplinary, life course, EpiCrim-oriented approach is the most effective way of reducing re-offending and promoting desistance in this population. RECENT FINDINGS: Research demonstrates that life course development, especially from psychology and criminology, has an impact on whether people sexually offend or not. Therefore, to understand sexual offending behaviour, we need to look at the aetiology of said behaviour from a nature and a nurture perspective. Therefore, we need to use an Epidemiological Criminology (a marriage of Public Health and criminology) approach that works at all four stages of the Socio-Ecological Model (SEM) (individual, interrelationship, community, and societal). The research encourages a person first approach, that we look at Adverse Childhood Experiences and past trauma in the lives of men who sexually offend and use this, in conjunction with strength-based approaches, to inclusively integrate them into society. The prevention of sexual offending, both first time offending, and relapse prevention require a multi-level, multi-disciplinary approach. Successful desistance from sexual offending is as much about the community and society as it is about the individual.


Assuntos
Experiências Adversas da Infância , Delitos Sexuais , Humanos , Masculino , Gestão de Riscos , Prevenção Secundária , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Sexual
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205275

RESUMO

In 2015, the United States Department of Health and Human Services instantiated rules mandating the inclusion of sexual orientation and gender identity (SO/GI) data fields for systems certified under Stage 3 of the Meaningful Use of Electronic Health Records (EHR) program. To date, no published assessments have benchmarked implementation penetration and data quality. To establish a benchmark for a U.S. health system collection of gender identity and sex assigned at birth, we analyzed one urban academic health center's EHR data; specifically, the records of patients with unplanned hospital admissions during 2020 (N = 49,314). Approximately one-quarter of patient records included gender identity data, and one percent of them indicated a transgender or nonbinary (TGNB) status. Data quality checks suggested limited provider literacy around gender identity as well as limited provider and patient comfort levels with gender identity disclosures. Improvements are needed in both provider and patient literacy and comfort around gender identity in clinical settings. To include TGNB populations in informatics-based research, additional novel approaches, such as natural language processing, may be needed for more comprehensive and representative TGNB cohort discovery. Community and stakeholder engagement around gender identity data collection and health research will likely improve these implementation efforts.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Pessoas Transgênero , Coleta de Dados , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205495

RESUMO

Vulvodynia is one the most common causes of pain during sexual intercourse in premenopausal women. The burden of vulvodynia in a woman's life can be devastating due to its consequences in the couple's sexuality and intimacy, in activities of daily living, and psychological well-being. In recent decades, there has been considerable progress in the understanding of vulvar pain. The most significant change has been the differentiation of vulvar pain secondary to pathology or disease from vulvodynia. However, although it is currently proposed that vulvodynia should be considered as a primary chronic pain condition and, therefore, without an obvious identifiable cause, it is still believed that different inflammatory, genetic, hormonal, muscular factors, etc. may be involved in its development. Advances in pain neuroscience and the central sensitization paradigm have led to a new approach to vulvodynia from a neurobiological perspective. It is proposed that vulvodynia should be understood as complex pain without relevant nociception. Different clinical identifiers of vulvodynia are presented from a neurobiological and psychosocial perspective. In this case, strategies to modulate altered central pain processing is necessary, changing the patient's erroneous cognitions about their pain, and also reducing fear avoidance-behaviors and the disability of the patient.


Assuntos
Vulvodinia , Atividades Cotidianas , Coito , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais , Vulvodinia/epidemiologia , Vulvodinia/etiologia
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205692

RESUMO

Slut shaming is defined as the stigmatization of an individual based on his or her appearance, sexual availability, and actual or perceived sexual behavior. It can take place in physical or virtual spaces. The present study questions the impact of this form of sexism in virtual spaces on girls and interrogates the interaction between the values that girls integrate through their life experiences, especially in the family sphere, and slut shaming victimization. We conducted a paper-pencil questionnaire with 605 girls between the ages of 10 and 18 (average age: 15.18 years). Our data confirm the impact of slut shaming on the physical and psychological well-being of young girls as early as adolescence. Second, mediation analyses provide insights into the revictimization and Poly-victimization processes, from childhood adverse experiences to sexist victimization in virtual spaces and their combined impact on the physical and psychic health of girls. Finally, we address prevention strategies and the involvement of socializing institutions in the deconstruction of gender stereotypes.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual , Vergonha , Violência
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205693

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic lockdown has impacted daily routines, forcing people to stop socializing in person and changing the way people express their feelings and their romantic or sexual interactions. Social distancing has changed the way people behave online, and we expect that engagement in sexting and online sexual victimization behaviors have increased during lockdown. The aim of this paper is to study the prevalence of sexting and online sexual victimization behaviors during the COVID-19 lockdown in Spanish adults in order to explore how social distancing has affected these behaviors. The sample comprised 293 Spanish adults (mean age = 30.3; 66.2% female) who took part in an online survey about their engagement in sexting behaviors and online sexual victimization experiences. Overall results were apparently not supportive of our main hypothesis, showing that both sexting engagement and online sexual victimization decreased during lockdown despite the increase in internet use. Apart from differences in time period of reference, some alternative hypotheses relate to the increased presence of capable guardians according to the routine activities theory and to forced distance as a demotivation to sext. Possible explanations and hypotheses for these results are discussed further in the paper.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vítimas de Crime , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Adulto , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Comportamento Sexual
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207211

RESUMO

Sexting is generally known as creating, sending and/or forwarding of sexual content using electronic devices. When such content is non-consensually disseminated, it becomes a criminally relevant behavior. To date, very few empirical studies have examined the prevalence of non-consensual dissemination of sexting, and none of them have analyzed the relationship with psychopathology and further victimization outcomes. Therefore, the aims of this study were (1) to examine the prevalence of non-consensual dissemination of sexual content, (2) to analyze the prevalence of further victimization as a result of non-consensual dissemination of sexting and (3) to investigate the association between secondary victimization as a result of non-consensual dissemination of sexting and psychopathology. The sample comprised 1370 Spanish college students (73.6% female; mean age = 21.4 years; SD = 4.85) who answered an online survey about their engagement in sexting behaviors, online sexual victimization and psychopathology, measured by a sexting scale and the Listado de Síntomas Breve (LSB-50), respectively. Overall, 43 participants (3.14) were victims of non-consensual dissemination of sexting, and results showed those participants who had suffered further victimization reported higher psychopathology scores than those who were not victimized and that being victimized by an ex-partner was associated with poorer mental health outcomes in the victim. Further implications are discussed.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Transtornos Mentais , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual , Estudantes , Adulto Jovem
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208186

RESUMO

Sexual health education is an essential part of quality-oriented education for college students. It aims to help these students to acquire knowledge of sexual physiology, sexual psychology, and sexual social norms that is consistent with the maturity of the students. Along with college students'attitudes toward sex, their perceptions regarding sexual behavior have also undergone profound changes. The importance of safe sexual behavior, sexual taboos, and sexual autonomy are gaining increasing attention as Chinese society is becoming more open. For college students who have just reached adulthood and have full autonomy of themselves, however, are they really going to have sexual behavior without careful consideration? Or is it something they have planned to do in the first place? To answer the above questions, this study was conducted to understand the relationship between college students' attitudes toward sex, subjective norms, and behavioral control of their sexual behavior intentions by applying the Theory of Planned Behavior. In this study, 460 valid questionnaires were collected from Chinese college students and analyzed with partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). This study analyzes the relationship of multiple factors, including those influencing college students' sexual behavior intentions. Meanwhile, it also compares the differences in factors affecting sexual behavior intentions between college students with or without sexual experience and those of different genders. Based on the results of the study, it was found that, first, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control of college students had a significant effect on safe sexual behavior intentions, while attitudes did not have a significant effect on safe sexual behavior intentions. Second, the gender and sexual experience of college students had a significant effect on safe sexual behavior intentions. Third, non-sexually experienced college students were more likely to be influenced by external factors. Relevant future research suggestions will be proposed based on the results of this study. Finally, this study helps to provide substantive suggestions for enhancing safe sexual behavior among college students in the context of universal higher education, as well as strengthening the self-protection of college students and providing practical advice for the development of sex education in China.


Assuntos
Intenção , Estudantes , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208466

RESUMO

Substance use is a public health problem that affects the normal physical, neurological, and psychological development of adolescents. Apparently, discrimination is an important variable for explaining the initiation and continued use of alcohol and marijuana. Since most research focused on discrimination based on factors, such as race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or gender faced by minority groups, studies on discrimination faced by the general population remain scarce. This cross-sectional study described the relationship between everyday discrimination and alcohol and marijuana use-related behaviors among Chilean adolescents. It included 2330 students between 12 and 20 years of age from educational establishments in the city of Arica. To evaluate substance use, specifically alcohol and marijuana, the Child and Adolescent Evaluation System (SENA) was used. The Everyday Discrimination scale was used to evaluate discrimination. Age and everyday discrimination can predict up to 11% of the variance in substance use. Reducing the incidence of everyday discrimination may help reduce heavy alcohol and marijuana consumption among adolescents.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Criança , Chile/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
10.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 87(5): 1111-1118, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We assessed how the Dutch restrictions imposed on March 15, 2020, affected sexual behavior, preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and condom use among PrEP users in Amsterdam. METHODS: We used data on (1) PrEP use, (2) anal sex acts, and (3) condom use, per partner type [steady partners (SPs), known casual partners (KCPs), and unknown casual partners (UCPs)], collected daily through a mobile application used between December 1, 2019, and June 30, 2020. We compared the period before versus after March 15, 2020, regarding average proportion of days per week at which each end point was reported and average proportion of anal sex acts covered by PrEP and/or condoms. RESULTS: We included data from 136 men who have sex with men. After March 15, 2020, the proportion of days with anal sex increased with SPs [odds ratio (OR) = 1.26; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.10 to 1.44) and decreased with KCPs (OR = 0.73; 95% CI = 0.64 to 0.82) and UCPs (OR = 0.54; 95% CI = 0.48 to 0.61). Shifts in partner types were most profound immediately after March 15, 2020, whereas returning to prerestriction levels mid-May 2020. The proportion of days with PrEP use decreased from 74% before to 58% after March 15, 2020 (P < 0.001). After March 15, 2020, PrEP use during sex decreased with UCPs (ß = -0.36; 95% CI = -0.72 to 0.00) but not with SPs and KCPs. Condom use during sex decreased with KCPs (ß = -0.36; 95% CI = -0.67 to 0.04) and UCPs (ß = -0.24; 95% CI = -0.46 to 0.03) but not with SPs. CONCLUSIONS: MSM decreased sex with casual partners and increased sex with SP, but changes were transient. Decreases in sex acts with casual partners paralleled decreases in PrEP use. However, condom use during sex with casual partners decreased, indicating the importance of continued sexual health services, including sexually transmitted infections screening and PrEP care, during COVID-19 restrictions.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Comportamento Sexual , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Preservativos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2 , Sexo Seguro , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/tratamento farmacológico
11.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 24(7): 488-492, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197216

RESUMO

Research on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on communication on Tinder is presented in this article. This research examines reported changes in communication about sex and health during COVID-19 and the potential implications of those changes on hookup culture and sexual health communication beyond the pandemic. Data from 29 in-depth qualitative interviews with 20 female and 9 male college students are reported. Results include discussion of how college students are managing uncertainty, particularly uncertainty about health status, changes in communication and information-seeking strategies, different COVID-19 safety measures they have employed, and the future impact on communication about sexual health post-COVID-19. Participants in this study use uncertainty reduction communication strategies to gauge whether the risks of remaining on Tinder or meeting in person are worth the benefit. Results show that the quality and quantity of communication around first time in-person meetings have been modified, as the traditional public spaces for meeting have been reduced or eliminated and replaced by private spaces. Participants stated that they communicate more frequently and more directly about health, sexual health, and infection transmission. Finally, results indicate that participants have a strong desire to be more cautious and cognizant of health and safety in the future by using some of the communication strategies they developed during COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Saúde Sexual , Estudantes/psicologia , Incerteza , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Negociação , Adulto Jovem
12.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 24(7): 439-443, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227875

RESUMO

The hyperperception model was used to derive hypotheses concerning the processes by which people experience romantic jealousy because of their observation of their romantic partners on social network sites. The main focus was on the receiver component of the model that specifies that when observation of others' interactions is constrained to social media, those interactions appear more intimate than when the dyad is also observable offline. A survey (N = 322) was conducted to test this component of the model and determine if the model can predict additional phenomena such as possession signals and staying home during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data were generally consistent with the hypotheses and the utility of the hyperperception model for understanding the effects of observing romantic partners' interactions on social media. The data also reveal the importance of interpersonal processes in obeying social distancing guidelines.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Ciúme , Distanciamento Físico , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Adulto , Amigos/psicologia , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual , Mídias Sociais
13.
Reprod Health ; 18(1): 153, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early adolescence (ages 10-14) is a critical period of physical, cognitive, social and emotional development, which affect sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). Yet, little is known about positive or healthy aspects of sexuality development during this period of life, especially in South East Asia where sexual norms remain restrictive. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence and correlates of sexual wellbeing among early adolescent girls and boys ages 10-14 years in Indonesia. METHODS: Data for this cross-sectional study were collected as part of the Global Early Adolescent Study via a school-based survey in three Indonesian urban sites in 2018 (N = 4309). We assessed the prevalence of multiple indicators of sexual wellbeing (e.g. SRHR knowledge and communication, gender attitudes, body satisfaction, self-efficacy, freedom from violence) and tested for differences by sex using Chi-square, Student t-test, and Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess the adjusted odds ratio of selected indicators in relation to sociodemographic factors, romantic relationship status, and sexual activities. RESULTS: The mean age of students was 12 years (53% girls); 90% had started puberty. SRHR knowledge and communication was low overall, but higher among boys than girls. Boys were more likely than girls to report high body satisfaction, less feelings of guilt in relation to sexuality, but also to have experienced physical peer violence. In contrast, girls were more likely to hold gender equal attitudes, greater perceived self-efficacy to say 'no', and to report being bullied by boys. In multivariable models, romantic relationship experiences, perceived voice (boys and girls) and decision-making (girls) were associated with three or more indicators of sexual wellbeing. CONCLUSIONS: While young adolescents in Indonesia score high on some aspects of sexual wellbeing, misconceptions, feelings of guilt and uncertainties related to sexuality are common, with clear gender differences. These findings confirm the need for comprehensive sexuality education that begins early in adolescence.


Assuntos
Educação Sexual , Comportamento Sexual , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Saúde Reprodutiva
14.
Handb Clin Neurol ; 179: 461-469, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225983

RESUMO

The intermediate nucleus of Brockhaus (INH), also known as the interstitial nucleus of the anterior hypothalamus-1 of Allen and Gorski (INAH-1), the sexually dimorphic nucleus of Swaab and colleagues (SDN), and the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus of Saper and colleagues (VLPO), is a cluster of largely galanin-expressing neurons in the lateral preoptic area, at the level of the crossing of the anterior commissure and dorsal to the supraoptic nucleus. The number of Nissl-stained neurons in the INH has been reported to be larger in men than women and to decrease with aging, although these findings have been controversial, in part because of differences in patient populations and methods used to assess the nucleus. However, recent studies have confirmed that the number of galanin-immunoreactive INH neurons is larger in men than women and decreases with age and have reported further loss with Alzheimer disease. The galanin-immunoreactive VLPO neurons have been thought to drive sleep behavior in many species, and their numbers in older humans correlate with the amount of consolidated sleep they experience. Sleep differences between men and women, during aging, and with Alzheimer disease may also depend upon the integrity of this nucleus.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Idoso , Feminino , Galanina/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Área Pré-Óptica , Caracteres Sexuais , Comportamento Sexual , Sono
15.
Handb Clin Neurol ; 181: 427-443, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238476

RESUMO

Gender identity (an individual's perception of being male or female) and sexual orientation (heterosexuality, homosexuality, or bisexuality) are programmed into our brain during early development. During the intrauterine period in the second half of pregnancy, a testosterone surge masculinizes the fetal male brain. If such a testosterone surge does not occur, this will result in a feminine brain. As sexual differentiation of the brain takes place at a much later stage in development than sexual differentiation of the genitals, these two processes can be influenced independently of each other and can result in gender dysphoria. Nature produces a great variability for all aspects of sexual differentiation of the brain. Mechanisms involved in sexual differentiation of the brain include hormones, genetics, epigenetics, endocrine disruptors, immune response, and self-organization. Furthermore, structural and functional differences in the hypothalamus relating to gender dysphoria and sexual orientation are described in this review. All the genetic, postmortem, and in vivo scanning observations support the neurobiological theory about the origin of gender dysphoria, i.e., it is the sizes of brain structures, the neuron numbers, the molecular composition, functions, and connectivity of brain structures that determine our gender identity or sexual orientation. There is no evidence that one's postnatal social environment plays a crucial role in the development of gender identity or sexual orientation.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Transexualidade , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotálamo , Masculino , Gravidez , Diferenciação Sexual , Comportamento Sexual
16.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(744-2): 1250-1253, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219417

RESUMO

In 2018, a survey conducted by and among medical students in Lausanne revealed that they were witnesses and victims of numerous sexist behaviours during their training and clinical practice. The collected testimonies included accounts of sexual assault, sexual advances and microaggressions that have personal and professional impact on the victims. The CLASH was created with the aim of eradicating these incidents and changing the medical culture through the creation of an awareness-raising campaign, the implementation of a support hotline for victims and the introduction of a practical course during the medical curriculum. Further action at institutional and political level as well as large-scale studies are needed to ensure non-discriminatory training for all in the future.


Assuntos
Delitos Sexuais , Estudantes de Medicina , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(7): 2643-2652, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231677

RESUMO

The objective of this article is to analyze the impact of stigma and discrimination against the LGBT adolescents' psychic suffering. Qualitative study conducted in a specialized outpatient service of Child and Adolescent Mental Health Secondary Care of the Federal District's Health Secretariat. Nine adolescents participated. In-depth interviews facilitated data collection, and data were analyzed with Iramuteq software and Bardin's Content Analysis. Gender identity and sexual orientation intolerance based on heteronormativity violate human rights and are relevant social determinants in health, and overcoming the psychological distress problems identified, combined with respect for human rights of the LGBT community, is an essential vector for facing adolescent health inequalities. Discrimination against LGBT adolescents is a social determinant that health services must address since its leads to harmful consequences, such as school dropouts, lack of opportunities, family bond losses, and suicidal behavior.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Estigma Social , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Comportamento Sexual
18.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(7): 2683-2692, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231681

RESUMO

This study aims to address the vulnerability of young university students to sexually transmitted infections and to identify and analyze the sexual behavior of university students and practices to prevent sexually transmitted infections. A descriptive and qualitative research study conducted in a private university in Rio de Janeiro in 2016, with 30 university students of both genders, aged 18-29 years old. The discursive data were collected by the Focal Group technique and analyzed using the content analysis technique, with the aid of the Nvivo 9.0 software, and anchored in John Gagnon's theory of sexual scripts. The findings denote that university students recognize themselves as a population vulnerable to infections transmitted by unprotected sex. The group has insufficient knowledge about infections and does not use condoms continuously. In the discourses of the university students, it was noticed that the type of affective relationship is determinant for the use (or not) of condoms. Young people believe in the group's invulnerability and therefore assume risky sexual behaviors.


Assuntos
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Estudantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Preservativos , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Assunção de Riscos , Comportamento Sexual , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
19.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(7): 2709-2718, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231684

RESUMO

This is a systematic review of the health production on sexting between 2009 and 2019. The scientific production was analyzed regarding its context (gender of the first author, publication year, and country of realization), publication type, knowledge field, themes, subjects addressed, and their conception about sexting. The 147 works on sexting as a central theme retrieved from PubMed were analyzed during the second semester of 2019. The search was done on the term of sexting. A descriptive statistical, interpretive analysis was carried out to assess the approach to risk, violence, and gender in these publications. Most first authors of these publications were female, and most manuscripts were published in the U.S. between 2017 and 2019 and adopted a quantitative approach (approximately 65%). Almost half of the productions' central theme was the prevalence of sexting or risky behavior among adolescents. The vast majority also attributed risky behavior to sexting somehow, from which violence can be inferred (70%). A negligible part of publications employed a gender approach (less than 15%). The health productions have insufficiently analyzed sexting by not distinguishing healthy from violent practices.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Assunção de Riscos , Comportamento Sexual , Violência
20.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(7): 2719-2728, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231685

RESUMO

This work is the result of a master's thesis that aimed to understand students' perceptions of violence within affective-sexual relationships between adolescents in a public school in the Costa Verde, Rio de Janeiro. The study corpus was derived from participant observation in the school and in-depth interviews with three girls and three boys aged between 18 and 24 years. The core areas of analysis were affective-sexual trajectories, experiences involving violence within relationships, and agency in the face of conflict. The findings reveal that violence is part of the everyday lives of adolescents and reinforce the victim/aggressor dichotomy. The adolescents' interpretations of violence were divided into two categories: "suffering" and "serious acts of violence". These understandings influence the recognition of violence and agency. The reproduction of gender norms contributes to sustaining gender hierarchy and inequalities, which affect girls and boys differently. Silence on this issue contributes to the invisibility of violence within relationships and the consequent failure to seek support from relevant organizations and services. Further research is needed to gain a deeper understanding of violence within affective-sexual relationships between adolescents.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Violência , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Comportamento Sexual , Adulto Jovem
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