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1.
R I Med J (2013) ; 104(1): 61-64, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517603

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdowns on public interest in ophthalmology. METHODS: Search interest data for ophthalmic services and conditions were collected from January 1, 2019 to June 21, 2020. Temporal statistical analysis was used to identify significant trends. Weekly data on ophthalmic services and conditions search interest obtained from Google Trends were analyzed with analysis of variance testing and the generalized linear model based on dates. RESULTS: Ophthalmic services searches decreased after the first COVID-19 case in the country (p<0.001); ophthalmic services and conditions search interest also declined after the first COVID-19 case and lockdown orders in each state (p<0.001). Following the first in-state COVID-19 case, search interest in ophthalmic services fell more than for ophthalmic conditions (p=0.0088). Lockdown and COVID-19 had similar effects on ophthalmic services search interest (p=0.2246), but interest in ophthalmic conditions decreased more after lockdown than after the first in-state case (p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Most of the decrease in search interest in ophthalmic services was associated with COVID-19 rather than lockdown orders, suggesting that public interest in ophthalmic care may be more sensitive to changes in the COVID-19 pandemic than lockdown orders.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Oftalmopatias/epidemiologia , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Oftalmologia , /prevenção & controle , Oftalmopatias/terapia , Humanos , Sistemas On-Line , Oftalmologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Quarentena
2.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 12: 2150132721995451, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596683

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to describe knowledge and beliefs about SARS-CoV2 and COVID-19 and explore the gaps between current media coverage of health risks and what the general public knows about the virus and its outcome. A 37-question survey was developed and administered to a community collaborative group in a Midwestern state in the United States. Fifty-three participants completed the survey. When asked where participants found their information, a majority reported the internet (33.9%, n = 18/53) and radio and/or tv (28.3%, n = 15/53). Most participants showed a basic level of COVID-19 knowledge, but few could identify the 3 most frequent symptoms of COVID-19 (7.5%, n = 4/53). The results from this study highlight the continued need for increased public health communication. Educational efforts should focus on social media and internet outlets to address COVID-19 misinformation, strategies to address vaccine hesitancy, and the associated communication gap to help address related health disparities.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Kansas/epidemiologia , Masculino , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 9, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social media can play a detrimental role during a global health emergency. In this study, we aimed at assessing the impact social media has on the anxiety level of dental healthcare workers (DHCWs) whilst living through the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: An online questionnaire was disseminated to a cross-sectional sample of DHCWs from 19 countries using social media platforms. The questionnaire enquired about DHCWs' frequency of using social media and their dependency on health-related information posted on those platforms. Anxiety was measured using General Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7). RESULTS: Four-hundred and three (403) DHCWs completed the online questionnaire. Sixty-eight percent (68%) frequently use social media for information on COVID-19. The frequency of social media use was higher among younger DHCWs, with shorter clinical experience, and holders of undergraduate qualifications (p = 0.009, p = 0.002, and p = 0.023, respectively). Almost one third of DHCWs had moderate to severe anxiety (31.7%), which was significantly associated with the frequency of social media use (p = 0.016). This association was adjusted for age, years of experience and qualification level (OR 1.75; 95% CI 1.05-2.93; p = 0.032). CONCLUSION: COVID-19 social media infodemic has been adversely impacting the psychological wellbeing of DHCWs. More effective measures are needed to control the quality and spreadability of health information on social media platforms.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos em Odontologia/psicologia , Pandemias , Mídias Sociais , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(1): e24097, 2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Digital communication technologies are playing an important role in the health communication strategies of governments and public health authorities during the COVID-19 pandemic. The internet and social media have become important sources of health-related information on COVID-19 and on protective behaviors. In addition, the COVID-19 infodemic is spreading faster than the coronavirus itself, which interferes with governmental health-related communication efforts. This jeopardizes national public health containment strategies. Therefore, digital health literacy is a key competence to navigate web-based COVID-19-related information and service environments. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate university students' digital health literacy and web-based information-seeking behaviors during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. METHODS: A cross-sectional study among 14,916 university students aged ≥18 years from 130 universities across all 16 federal states of Germany was conducted using a web-based survey. Along with sociodemographic characteristics (sex, age, subjective social status), the measures included five subscales from the Digital Health Literacy Instrument (DHLI), which was adapted to the specific context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Web-based information-seeking behavior was investigated by examining the web-based sources used by university students and the topics that the students searched for in connection with COVID-19. Data were analyzed using univariate and bivariate analyses. RESULTS: Across digital health literacy dimensions, the greatest difficulties could be found for assessing the reliability of health-related information (5964/14,103, 42.3%) and the ability to determine whether the information was written with a commercial interest (5489/14,097, 38.9%). Moreover, the respondents indicated that they most frequently have problems finding the information they are looking for (4282/14,098, 30.4%). When stratified according to sociodemographic characteristics, significant differences were found, with female university students reporting a lower DHLI for the dimensions of "information searching" and "evaluating reliability." Search engines, news portals, and websites of public bodies were most often used by the respondents as sources to search for information on COVID-19 and related issues. Female students were found to use social media and health portals more frequently, while male students used Wikipedia and other web-based encyclopedias as well as YouTube more often. The use of social media was associated with a low ability to critically evaluate information, while the opposite was observed for the use of public websites. CONCLUSIONS: Although digital health literacy is well developed in university students, a significant proportion of students still face difficulties with certain abilities to evaluate information. There is a need to strengthen the digital health literacy capacities of university students using tailored interventions. Improving the quality of health-related information on the internet is also key.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Letramento em Saúde/métodos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação/fisiologia , Internet/normas , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
6.
Recenti Prog Med ; 112(1): 22-24, 2021 01.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512355

RESUMO

The output of medical and scientific literature is on the rise and the health emergency caused by the covid-19 pandemic has led to a further growth in the number of articles published each year in International medical journals. Finding your way around this ocean of information is very difficult: the critical evaluation of scientific documentation requires time and specific skills, which are not easy to acquire. In addition to doctors and nurses, hospital and clinical pharmacists also struggle to keep up to date. Also for this reason, many institutions and various players in the publishing arena are developing tools that enable health personnel to access the best scientific knowledge, minimizing the risk inherent in the individually performed evaluation of evidence. In any case, it is essential to reconsider and update the methods of continuous education of the hospital pharmacist, also considering the changes that have taken place in his role, now integrated into the clinical teams together with the other professionals who guarantee health care.


Assuntos
Educação Continuada , Educação em Farmácia , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Pandemias , Farmacêuticos , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar , Educação em Farmácia/métodos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Internet , Revisão da Pesquisa por Pares , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Editoração/normas , Editoração/tendências , Smartphone , Pensamento
7.
Orbit ; 40(1): 44-50, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317388

RESUMO

Purpose: The authors aim to characterize oculofacial plastic surgery-related online interest that may be useful in forecasting demand and in designing patient-directed online resources. Methods: The authors queried Google Trends for over 100 oculofacial plastic surgery terms. The main outcome measure was the top 50 oculofacial plastic surgery-related search terms from 2004 to 2020. Secondary outcomes were trends, including seasonality, and search volume changes during the COVID-19 lockdown (March-May 2020) compared to 2018-2019. Terms were analyzed individually and in thematic categories; controlled against generic search terms to account for general internet traffic. Results: Between 2004 and 2020, searches for oculofacial plastic surgery altogether increased, surpassing the rate of internet traffic growth. One thematic category - eyelid malpositions - decreased month-over-month. The top five terms were "face lift," "Bell's palsy," "puffy eyes," "dark circles under eyes," and "chalazion." Eyelid neoplasms searches peaked in summer (R2  = 0.880) whereas cosmetic (R2  = 0.862), symptoms (R 2 = 0.907), and surgeries (R 2 = 0.140) peaked in winter. Overall, oculofacial-related searches decreased during the COVID-19 lockdown, although thyroid eye disease interest increased compared to 2018 or 2019 (+68.6%; adj. p = .005). Oculofacial plastic surgery interest in 2020 was inversely correlated to "COVID-19" searches (r = -0.76, p < .001). Conclusions: Oculofacial plastic surgery searches increased since 2004 at a pace greater than that ascribed to internet traffic growth. The most searched terms were "face lift," "Bell's palsy," "puffy eyes," "dark circles under eyes," and "chalazion." Almost all oculofacial-related searches decreased during the COVID-19 lockdown.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Sistemas On-Line/tendências , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/tendências , Ferramenta de Busca/tendências , Cirurgia Plástica/tendências , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos , Ritidoplastia
8.
Health Commun ; 36(1): 74-80, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167736

RESUMO

Emerging infectious disease (EID) outbreaks such as the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic create unknown risks, uncertainty, and anxiety around the world. Accurate and timely information can help the public understand the outbreak and manage their lives. Presented here is a study of how residents of Hubei Province, the epicenter of the COVID-19 outbreak in China, use media for information seeking, scanning, and sharing while under lockdown through in-depth interviews. We find that (1) individuals primarily acquire information through information scanning from official governmental sources, (2) information sharing is more frequent with family members through private channels than with one's extended social networks and the general public through pubic channels mostly due to concerns with censorship, and (3) individuals' information need and information use change substantially during different stages of the outbreak. These findings provide insights into how individuals in China use different media for information during an unprecedented public health crisis and make sense of the limited and often confusing and contradictory information that is available to them. Such findings can inform future health communication efforts during EID outbreaks.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/métodos , Comunicação em Saúde/métodos , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Relações Interpessoais , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Mídias Sociais
9.
Health Commun ; 36(1): 23-31, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183090

RESUMO

This online survey took place on March 7, 2020 at the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak in the United States. Participants (n = 698) completed an online survey in which they were asked to reflect on their mediated and interpersonal information consumption, in addition to reporting on risk perceptions, general efficacy perceptions, and preventative behaviors specific to COVID-19 in the past seven days. Participant age and chronic condition status were controlled for in all analyses. Time spent consuming news, social media, and health website information was not related to risk perceptions. Time spent on health websites predicted time spent having interpersonal conversations about COVID-19, as well as general efficacy levels. Following the Extended Parallel Process Model, perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, and general perceived efficacy predicted preventative behaviors. The vast majority of participants did report taking preventative action against COVID-19, most commonly in the form of hand washing, with many enacting stronger preventative behaviors that had yet to be recommended for the general population. Overall, mediated and interpersonal information exposure had minimal effects on perceived risk and perceived general efficacy, which in turn predicted 27.5% of the variance in preventative behavior. Efficacy was the most powerful among these predictors, and health websites, specifically governmental websites, appeared to be underutilized resources with the potential to promote efficacy during outbreaks. Further research is needed to understand causation in these relationships and to assist in successful message transmission.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Autoeficácia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Comunicação em Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Medição de Risco , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Health Commun ; 36(1): 89-97, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225770

RESUMO

Seeking cancer information is recognized as an important, life-saving behavior under normal circumstances. However, given the significant impact of COVID-19 on society, the healthcare system, and individuals and their families, it is important to understand how the pandemic has affected cancer information needs in a crisis context and, in turn, how public health agencies have responded to meeting the information needs of various audiences. Using data from the National Cancer Institute's Cancer Information Service (CIS) - a long-standing, multi-channel resource for trusted cancer information in English and Spanish - this descriptive analysis explored differences in cancer information-seeking among cancer survivors, caregivers, tobacco users, and members of the general public during the onset and continuation of the COVID-19 pandemic (February - September 2020), specifically comparing interactions that involved a discussion of COVID-19 to those that did not. During the study period, COVID-19 discussions were more likely to involve survivors or caregivers compared to tobacco users and the general public. Specific patterns emerged across the four user types and their respective discussions of COVID-19 related to language of service, point of CIS access, stage on the cancer continuum, subject of interaction, cancer site discussed, and referrals provided by the CIS. These results provide insights that may help public health agencies deliver, prioritize, and tailor their messaging and response to specific audiences based on heightened health information needs during a crisis.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , National Cancer Institute (U.S.)/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Idioma , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pandemias , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Health Commun ; 36(1): 81-88, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33249853

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, parents were issued numerous, sometimes changing, safeguarding directives including social distancing, mask use, hygiene, and stay-at-home orders. Enacting these behaviors for the parent presented challenges, but the responsibility for children to follow protocol properly was an even more daunting undertaking. Self-efficacy is one of the most power predictors of health behavior and has been adapted to a context-specific crisis self-efficacy scale conducted on March20, 2020, captures real-time perceptions of parents as coronavirus anxieties peaked. The study reveals a relationship between self- and protective efficacy that is mediated by parents' assessments of how informed they are about COVID-19. It also examines the role of perceived knowledge on information-seeking and scrutiny of pandemic information found online. Important directions for future research to develop the protective efficacy construct emerge as well as evidence of the rich applied and theoretical value of a deeper understanding of the perceived ability to perform recommended actions to protect another.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Pais/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Adulto , Idoso , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/métodos , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Comunicação em Saúde/métodos , Comunicação em Saúde/normas , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Pandemias , Medição de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Health Commun ; 36(1): 32-41, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33256466

RESUMO

The coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak poses a substantial threat to public health. Individual efforts to engage in COVID-19 precautionary behaviors are necessary to flatten the pandemic's curve in the waiting period before a vaccine is developed. This study sought to apply the Theory of Motivated Information Management to investigate the relationships among COVID-19 illness uncertainty, information management, and actual precautionary behaviors, both preparatory and preventative. The results of a national opt-in online panel demonstrate that uncertainty discrepancy, anxiety, and information management strategies are key predictors of the adoption of COVID-19 preparation and prevention behaviors. The results further identify diverging associations across age groups with respect to associations between information management and precautionary behaviors. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , /prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/organização & administração , Incerteza , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Pandemias , Medição de Risco , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243704, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332400

RESUMO

The global epidemic of (mis)information, spreading rapidly via social media platforms and other outlets, can be a risk factor for the development of anxiety disorders among vulnerable individuals. Cyberchondria can be a vulnerability factor for developing anxiety in a pandemic situation, particularly when the Internet is flooded with (mis)information. The aim of our study was to examine how cyberchondria is related to changes in levels of COVID-19 concern and safety behaviours among persons living in Croatia during the period in which the first COVID-19 case was identified and when the country recorded its first fatality. Repeated cross-sectional data collection was conducted during two waves over a period of three weeks (N1 = 888; N2 = 966). The first began on the day of the first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Croatia (February 24th, 2020) and the second wave began three weeks later, on the day the first COVID-19 fatality was recorded in Croatia (March 19th, 2020). Participants completed an online questionnaire regarding various COVID-19 concerns and safety behaviours aimed at disease prevention (information seeking, avoidance and hygiene) and a measure of cyberchondria (Short Cyberchondria Scale, SCS). We analysed whether changes to the epidemiological situation during the period between the two waves of data collection led to an increase in COVID-19 related behaviour directly and indirectly via an increase in COVID-19 concerns. The results indicated that, between the two waves of research, there was a pronounced increase in concerns regarding COVID-19 (b = 1.11, p < .001) as well as significant behavioural changes (b = 1.18-2.34, p < .001). Also, results demonstrated that cyberchondria plays a moderating role in these changes. In the first wave, persons with severe cyberchondria were already intensely concerned with safety behaviours. High cyberchondria and high levels of concern about the COVID-19 are associated with intense avoidance behaviours, R2 = .63, p < .001. A moderated partial mediation model was confirmed, in which the effect of the epidemiological situation was weaker for those with higher results on the SCS (as indicated by index of moderated mediation between -.10 and -.15, p < .05). As such, cyberchondria is a contributing factor to long-term anxiety and its impact during pandemic on the general mental health burden should therefore be further investigated.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade , Hipocondríase , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Internet , Mídias Sociais , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , /psicologia , Croácia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipocondríase/epidemiologia , Hipocondríase/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Ars pharm ; 61(4): 215-222, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf, mapas
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195234

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Conocer y relacionar las tendencias de búsqueda de información sobre Emtricitabina/Tenofovir y las prácticas sexuales de riesgo (chemsex). MÉTODO: Estudio ecológico de los volúmenes de búsqueda relativo (VBR) obtenidos de la consulta directa a la herramienta «Google Trends», utilizando los Temas de búsqueda «Emtricitabina/Tenofovir» y «Chemsex», y «Truvada» como Término de Búsqueda. El periodo de búsqueda fue del 1 de enero de 2004 al 31 de diciembre de 2019. Fecha de consulta 16 de enero de 2020. RESULTADOS: El VBR = 100, máximo, se alcanzó en julio de 2012 para «Emtricitabina/Tenofovir», siendo la relación entre los términos de 100/97/10. La asociación entre «Emtricitabina/Tenofovir» y «Truvada» fue muy alta (R = 0,99; p < 0,001). Y las medias de los VBR para «Emtricitabina/Tenofovir» y «Chemsex» de 25,68 y 14,41 respectivamente. La evolución temporal del término «Emtricitabina/Tenofovir» fue lineal (R2 = 0,62; p < 0,001), mientras que para «Chemsex» se obtuvo creciente con ajuste exponencial (R2 = 0,54; p < 0,001). La correlación existente entre los VBR de los dos términos analizados mostró asociación directa significativa (R = 0,69; p < 0,001). CONCLUSIONES: Los hitos observados en el VBR coincidieron con momentos relacionados con eventos destacados. Se probó un crecimiento, a lo largo del tiempo, en la búsqueda de información tanto sobre los Temas Emtricitabina/Tenofovir como sobre "chemsex". Igualmente, se probó la relación entre ambos Temas. Estas conclusiones podrían estar relacionadas con el aumento de las prácticas sexuales de riesgo


OBJECTIVE: To know and relate the trends of searches for information about «Emtricitabina/Tenofovir» and risky sexual behaviour (chemsex). METHOD: Ecological study of relative search volumes (RSV) obtained from the direct search for the tool «Google Trends», using the Searching Issues «Emtricitabina/Tenofovir» and «Chemsex», and «Truvada» like Searching Term. The searching period was from 1 january 2004 to 31 december 2019. Consultation date 16 january 2020. RESULTS: RSV = 100, maximum, was reached in july 2012 by «Emtricitabina/Tenofovir», being the relationship between terms: 100/97/10. The association between «Emtricitabina/Tenofovir» and «Truvada» was rather high (R = 0.99; p < 0,001). And the averages of RSV of «Emtricitabina/Tenofovir» and «Chemsex» were 25.68 and 14.41 respectively. The temporal progress of the term «Emtricitabina/Tenofovir» was linear (R2 = 0.62; p < 0.001), meanwhile for «Chemsex» was increased with exponential adjustment (R2 = 0.54; p < 0.001). The existent correlation between the RSV of the two analyzed terms showed significant direct association (R = 0.69; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The observed milestones in the RSV coincide with moments associated with relevant events. A growth was proved along the time, in the search for information for the Themes Emtricitabina/tenofovir as well as for "chemsex". Likewise, the relation between both Themes was proved. These conclusions could be connected with the increase of the risky sexual behaviour


Assuntos
Ferramenta de Busca/tendências , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Emtricitabina , Tenofovir , Sexo sem Proteção , Comportamento Sexual/efeitos dos fármacos , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Ferramenta de Busca/estatística & dados numéricos , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Tempo , Fatores de Risco
17.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0241465, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141860

RESUMO

The past nine months witnessed COVID-19's fast-spreading at the global level. Limited by medical resources shortage and uneven facilities distribution, online help-seeking becomes an essential approach to cope with public health emergencies for many ordinaries. This study explores the driving forces behind the retransmission of online help-seeking posts. We built an analytical framework that emphasized content characteristics, including information completeness, proximity, support seeking type, disease severity, and emotion of help-seeking messages. A quantitative content analysis was conducted with a probability sample consisting of 727 posts. The results illustrate the importance of individual information completeness, high proximity, instrumental support seeking. This study also demonstrates slight inconformity with the severity principle but stresses the power of anger in help-seeking messages dissemination. As one of the first online help-seeking diffusion analyses in the COVID-19 period, our research provides a reference for constructing compelling and effective help-seeking posts during a particular period. It also reveals further possibilities for harnessing social media's power to promote reciprocal and cooperative actions as a response to this deepening global concern.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Disseminação de Informação , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Sistemas On-Line , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Mídias Sociais , Apoio Social , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Emergências/psicologia , Humanos , Saúde Pública
18.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 95(11): 2370-2381, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164756

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a digital surveillance model using Google Trends is feasible for obtaining accurate data on coronavirus disease 2019 and whether accurate predictions can be made regarding new cases. METHODS: Data on total and daily new cases in each US state were collected from January 22, 2020, to April 6, 2020. Information regarding 10 keywords was collected from Google Trends, and correlation analyses were performed for individual states as well as for the United States overall. RESULTS: Among the 10 keywords analyzed from Google Trends, face mask, Lysol, and COVID stimulus check had the strongest correlations when looking at the United States as a whole, with R values of 0.88, 0.82, and 0.79, respectively. Lag and lead Pearson correlations were assessed for every state and all 10 keywords from 16 days before the first case in each state to 16 days after the first case. Strong correlations were seen up to 16 days prior to the first reported cases in some states. CONCLUSION: This study documents the feasibility of syndromic surveillance of internet search terms to monitor new infectious diseases such as coronavirus disease 2019. This information could enable better preparation and planning of health care systems.


Assuntos
Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Internet/tendências , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública/métodos , Ferramenta de Busca/tendências , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
Nutrients ; 12(10)2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053656

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV)-2 disease (COVID)-19 is having profound effects on the global economy and food trade. Limited data are available on how this pandemic is affecting our dietary and lifestyle-related behaviors at the global level. Google Trends was used to obtain worldwide relative search volumes (RSVs) covering a timeframe from before the COVID-19 pandemic 1 June 2019 to 27 April 2020. Spearman's rank-order correlation coefficients were used to measure relationships between daily confirmed cases and aforementioned RSVs between 31 December 2019 and 15 April 2020. RSV curves showed increased interest in multiple keywords related to dietary and lifestyle behaviors during the COVID-19 lockdown period in March and April 2020. Spearman's correlation analysis showed that the strongest variables in each keyword category were (1) food security (food shortage: r = 0.749, food bank: r = 0.660, and free food: r = 0.555; all p < 0.001), (2) dietary behaviors (delivery: r = 0.780, restaurant: r = -0.731, take-away: r = 0.731, and food-delivery: r = 0.693; all p < 0.001), (3) outdoor-related behaviors (resort: r = -0.922, hotel: r = -0.913, cinema: r = -0.844, park: r = -0.827, fitness: r = -0.817, gym: r = -0.811; plant: r = 0.749, sunbathing: r = 0.668, and online: r = 0.670; all p < 0.001), and (4) immune-related nutrients/herbs/foods (vitamin C: r = 0.802, vitamin A: r = 0.780, zinc: r = 0.781, immune: r = 0.739, vitamin E: r = 0.707, garlic: r = 0.667, omega-3 fatty acid: r = -0.633, vitamin D: r = 0.549, and turmeric: r = 0.545; all p < 0.001). Restricted movement has affected peoples' dietary and lifestyle behaviors as people tend to search for immune-boosting nutrients/herbs and have replaced outdoor activities with sedentary indoor behaviors.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Estilo de Vida , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Isolamento Social , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Curcuma , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Alho , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Nutrientes , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Restaurantes , Ferramenta de Busca , Comportamento Sedentário , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave , Oligoelementos , Vitaminas
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