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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023103

RESUMO

Health rumors often mislead people and cause adverse health behaviors. Especially during a public health emergency, health rumors may result in severe consequences for people's health and risk governance. Insight into how these rumors form and harm people's health behavior is critical for assisting people in establishing scientific health cognition and to enhance public health emergency responses. Using the case study with interview data of a salient purchase craze led by a health rumor during the COVID-19 outbreak in China, this article aimed to illustrate the process of how a piece of information becomes a health rumor. Furthermore, we identify factors that cause people to believe rumors and conduct behavior that leads to a purchase craze. Results show that a public misunderstanding of the unique psychology of uncertainty, cultural and social cognition, and conformity behavior jointly informs people's beliefs in rumors and further causes purchase craze behavior. We developed a simplified model to demonstrate how an ordinary news report can lead to a rumor. Based on this model, some implications of effective health communication are suggested for managing rumors.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Decepção , Surtos de Doenças , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias , Saúde Pública
2.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 8(9): e21845, 2020 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Technological communication methods such as telephone calls and video calls can help prevent social isolation and loneliness in frail older adults during confinement. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to determine which virtual communication method (ie, telephone call or video call) was preferred by confined older hospital patients and nursing home residents and the variables influencing this preference. METHODS: The TOVID (Telephony Or Videophony for Isolated elDerly) study was a cross-sectional study that was designed to examine the preference between telephone calls and video calls among frail older adults who were either hospitalized in a geriatric acute care unit or institutionalized in a long-term care and nursing home during the COVID-19 confinement period. RESULTS: A total of 132 older people were surveyed between March 25 and May 11, 2020 (mean age 88.2 years, SD 6.2); 79 (59.8%) were women. Patients hospitalized in the geriatric acute care unit were more able to establish communication independently than residents institutionalized in the long-term care and nursing home (P=.03) and were more satisfied with their communication experiences (P=.02). Overall, older people tended to favor telephone calls (73/132, 55.3%) over video calls (59/132, 44.7%); however, their satisfaction degree was similar regardless of the chosen method (P=.1), with no effect of age (P=.97) or gender (P=.2). In the geriatric acute care unit, the satisfaction degrees were similar for telephone calls (40/41, 98%) and video calls (33/38, 87%) in older patients (P=.10). Conversely, in the long-term care and nursing home, residents were more satisfied with the use of video calls to communicate with their relatives (14/15, 93%) versus the use of telephone calls (6/12, 50%; P=.02). CONCLUSIONS: Older people confined to health care settings were able to complete telephone calls more independently than video calls, and they tended to use telephone calls more often than video calls. The satisfaction degrees were similar with both modalities and even greater with video calls among long-term care and nursing home residents when they were given assistance to establish communication. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04333849: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04333849.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Idoso Fragilizado/psicologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Isolamento Social , Telefone , Comunicação por Videoconferência , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização , Humanos , Solidão , Masculino , Casas de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
3.
PLoS Med ; 17(9): e1003245, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Beverages, especially sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), have been increasingly subject to policies aimed at reducing their consumption as part of measures to tackle obesity. However, precision targeting of policies is difficult as information on what types of consumers they might affect, and to what degree, is missing. We fill this gap by creating a typology of beverage consumers in Great Britain (GB) based on observed beverage purchasing behaviour to determine what distinct types of beverage consumers exist, and what their socio-demographic (household) characteristics, dietary behaviours, and weight status are. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used cross-sectional latent class analysis to characterise patterns of beverage purchases. We used data from the 2016 GB Kantar Fast-Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) panel, a large representative household purchase panel of food and beverages brought home, and restricted our analyses to consumers who purchase beverages regularly (i.e., >52 l per household member annually) (n = 8,675). Six categories of beverages were used to classify households into latent classes: SSBs; diet beverages; fruit juices and milk-based beverages; beer and cider; wine; and bottled water. Multinomial logistic regression and linear regression were used to relate class membership to household characteristics, self-reported weight status, and other dietary behaviours, derived from GB Kantar FMCG. Seven latent classes were identified, characterised primarily by higher purchases of 1 or 2 categories of beverages: 'SSB' (18% of the sample; median SSB volume = 49.4 l/household member/year; median diet beverage volume = 38.0 l), 'Diet' (16%; median diet beverage volume = 94.4 l), 'Fruit & Milk' (6%; median fruit juice/milk-based beverage volume = 30.0 l), 'Beer & Cider' (7%; median beer and cider volume = 36.3 l; median diet beverage volume = 55.6 l), 'Wine' (18%; median wine volume = 25.5 l; median diet beverage volume = 34.3 l), 'Water' (4%; median water volume = 46.9 l), and 'Diverse' (30%; diversity of purchases, including median SSB volume = 22.4 l). Income was positively associated with being classified in the Diverse class, whereas low social grade was more likely for households in the classes SSB, Diet, and Beer & Cider. Obesity (BMI > 30 kg/m2) was more prevalent in the class Diet (41.2%, 95% CI 37.7%-44.7%) despite households obtaining little energy from beverages in that class (17.9 kcal/household member/day, 95% CI 16.2-19.7). Overweight/obesity (BMI > 25 kg/m2) was above average in the class SSB (66.8%, 95% CI 63.7%-69.9%). When looking at all groceries, households from the class SSB had higher total energy purchases (1,943.6 kcal/household member/day, 95% CI 1,901.7-1,985.6), a smaller proportion of energy from fruits and vegetables (6.0%, 95% CI 5.8%-6.3%), and a greater proportion of energy from less healthy food and beverages (54.6%, 95% CI 54.0%-55.1%) than other classes. A greater proportion of energy from sweet snacks was observed for households in the classes SSB (18.5%, 95% CI 18.1%-19.0%) and Diet (18.8%, 95% CI 18.3%-19.3%). The main limitation of our analyses, in common with other studies, is that our data do not include information on food and beverage purchases that are consumed outside the home. CONCLUSIONS: Amongst households that regularly purchase beverages, those that mainly purchased high volumes of SSBs or diet beverages were at greater risk of obesity and tended to purchase less healthy foods, including a high proportion of energy from sweet snacks. These households might additionally benefit from policies targeting unhealthy foods, such as sweet snacks, as a way of reducing excess energy intake.


Assuntos
Bebidas/economia , Comércio/tendências , Comportamento do Consumidor/economia , Adulto , Animais , Bebidas Adoçadas Artificialmente , Cerveja , Peso Corporal , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Água Potável , Características da Família , Feminino , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Humanos , Renda , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Leite , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Obesidade/psicologia , Reino Unido , Vinho
4.
Nutrients ; 12(9)2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957585

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate whether trust in circulating information and perceived stress are predictors of consumers' fear of limited access to food as well as predictors of food purchase behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic. The computer-assisted web interviewing (CAWI) technique was used to collect data from 1033 Polish adults in March 2020. Logistic regression was used to estimate the likelihood of fear of limited access to food and the likelihood of purchase of larger amounts of food than usual. The likelihood of experiencing fear of limited access to food increased by 16% with higher perceived stress, by 50% with higher trust in "Mass media and friends", and by 219% with perceived changes in food availability in the previous month. Trust in "Polish government institutions" decreased the chance of experiencing such fears by 22%. The likelihood of purchasing larger quantities of food than usual increased by 9% with higher perceived stress, by 46% with higher trust in "Mass media and friends", by 81% with perceived changes in food availability in the last month, and by 130% with fears of limited access to food as the pandemic spreads. Government institutions may have difficulty in disseminating pandemic-related recommendations through media, not only due to relatively low trust people have in media organizations but also due to the increasing likelihood of the occurrence of both fears regarding food availability and panic-stricken food-buying behaviors with increase in trust in this source of information. Therefore, it is necessary to develop interventions that will reduce perceived stress and improve the trust in information from reputable sources.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Polônia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Confiança
5.
Public Health Rep ; 135(5): 700-707, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735497

RESUMO

Clear writing is a critical component of public health research and practice. The ability to convey information in a concise, engaging, and insightful manner influences stakeholder engagement and is the backbone of program and policy development, organization, and implementation. To help master of public health (MPH) students adapt their writing skills to these specialized demands, Boston University School of Public Health launched the Peer Writing Coach Program in 2010 staffed by MPH students. The service is open to all students enrolled in public health classes. They can schedule up to 2 appointments per assignment for both individual and team papers. Student use increased from 55 appointments in academic year 2010-2011 (the first year of the program) to 767 appointments in academic year 2017-2018. For the 2016-2017, 2017-2018, and 2018-2019 academic years, 1128 (74%) of 1530 appointment requests asked for assistance "writing clearly and concisely," 886 (58%) for assistance "organizing and synthesizing main points of argument," and 529 (35%) for assistance "tailoring writing for a specific audience." This case study describes the rationale for creating the program, outlines the chronology of its development since 2010, and provides an overview of peer coach training, student use, and lessons learned as we addressed logistical challenges.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Currículo , Educação Médica/organização & administração , Guias como Assunto , Saúde Pública/educação , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Redação/normas , Adulto , Boston , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupo Associado , Adulto Jovem
6.
BMJ ; 370: m2436, 2020 07 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32699008

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between US state policies that establish age 18 or 21 years as the minimum purchaser age for the sale of handguns and adolescent suicide rate. DESIGN: Regression discontinuity and difference-in-differences analyses. SETTING: 46 US states without policy changes between 2001 and 2017; Missouri and South Carolina, which lowered the age for handgun sales in 2007 and 2008, respectively; and West Virginia and Wyoming, which increased the age for handgun sales in 2010. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents aged 13 to 20 years(554 461 961 from 2001 to 2017) in the regression discontinuity analysis, and adolescents aged 18 to 20 years (168 934 041 from 2002 to 2014) in the main difference-in-differences analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Suicide rate per 100 000 adolescents. RESULTS: In the regression discontinuity analysis, state policies that limited the sale of handguns to those aged 18 or older (relative to 21 or older) were associated with an increase in suicide rate among adolescents aged 18 to 20 years equivalent to 344 additional suicides in each state where they were in place between 2001 and 2017. In the difference-in-differences analysis, state policies that limited the sale of handguns to those aged 21 or older were associated with 1.91 fewer suicides per 100 000 adolescents aged 18 to 20 years (95% confidence interval -3.13 to -0.70, permutation adjusted P=0.025). In the difference-in-differences analysis, there were 1.83 fewer firearm related suicides per 100 000 adolescents (-2.66 to -1.00, permutation adjusted P=0.002), with no association between age 21 handgun sales policies and non-firearm related suicides. Separate event study estimates indicated increases in suicide rates in states that lowered the age of handgun sales, with no association in states that increased the age of handgun sales. CONCLUSIONS: A clear discontinuity was shown in the suicide rate by age at age 18 in states that limited the sale of handguns to individuals aged 18 or older. State policies to limit the sale of handguns to individuals aged 21 or older were associated with a reduction in suicide rates among adolescents. Increases in suicide rates were observed after states lowered the age of handgun sales, but no effect was found in states that increased the age of handgun sales.


Assuntos
Comércio/legislação & jurisprudência , Comportamento do Consumidor/economia , Armas de Fogo/legislação & jurisprudência , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Comércio/tendências , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Armas de Fogo/economia , Humanos , Missouri/epidemiologia , Políticas , Análise de Regressão , South Carolina/epidemiologia , Suicídio/etnologia , West Virginia/epidemiologia , Wyoming/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235250, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730256

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To elicit citizen preferences for national budget resource allocation in Uganda, examine respondents' preferences for health vis-à-vis other sectors, and compare these preferences with actual government budget allocations. METHODS: We surveyed 432 households in urban and rural areas of Mukono district in central Uganda.We elicited citizens' preferences for resource allocation across all sectors using a best-worst scaling (BWS) survey. The BWS survey consisted of 16 sectors corresponding to the Uganda national budget line items. Respondents chose, from a subset of four sectors across 16 choice tasks, which sectors they thought were most and least important to allocate resources to. We utilized the relative best-minus-worst score method and a conditional logistic regression to obtain ranked preferences for resource allocation across sectors. We then compared the respondents' preferences with actual government budget allocations. RESULTS: The health sector was the top ranked sector where 82% of respondents selected health as the most important sector for the government to fund, but it was ranked sixth in national budget allocation, encompassing 6.4% of the total budget. Beyond health, water and environment, agriculture, and social development sectors were largely underfunded compared to respondents' preferences. Works and transport, education, security, and justice, law and order received a larger share of the national budget compared to respondents' preferences. CONCLUSIONS: Among respondents from Mukono district in Uganda, we found that citizens' preferences for resource allocation across sectors, including for the health sector, were fundamentally misaligned with current government budget allocations. Evidence of respondents' strong preferences for allocating resources to the health sector could help stakeholders make the case for increased health sector allocations. Greater investment in health is not only essential to satisfy citizens' needs and preferences, but also to meet the government's health goals to improve health, strengthen health systems, and achieve universal health coverage.


Assuntos
Orçamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Governo Local , Alocação de Recursos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Orçamentos/organização & administração , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/organização & administração , Habitação/economia , Habitação/organização & administração , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Setor Público/economia , Setor Público/organização & administração , Alocação de Recursos/organização & administração , Participação dos Interessados , Transportes/economia , Uganda , Assistência de Saúde Universal , Reforma Urbana/economia , Reforma Urbana/organização & administração , Adulto Jovem
8.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236099, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726323

RESUMO

This paper aims at designing coordination contract in a dual channel supply chain (DCSC) which consists of a socially responsible manufacturer and a retailer. We build stylized game models under both centralized and decentralized scenarios. Then, we identify the reason for supply chain inefficiency under decentralized scenario. Further, according to the manufacturer's corporate social responsibility (CSR) coefficient, we design two different contracts to achieve coordination. We find that with the impact of CSR, social welfare under centralized scenario is always higher than that under decentralized scenario. However, profit of the whole supply chain between the two scenarios has different relationship. More specifically, when CSR coefficient is relatively low, profit under centralized scenario is higher than that under decentralized scenario. When CSR coefficient is high, profit under centralized scenario is lower than that under decentralized scenario. Due to these two cases, we respectively design revenue sharing contract with franchise fee and wholesale price contract with franchise fee and government subsidy to achieve coordination. The result suggests that encouraging the manufacturer to bear CSR properly can reach a multi-win for social welfare, consumers and supply chain members through coordination contract. However, when CSR coefficient is higher than a certain threshold, conflict between supply chain members becomes irreconcilable which results in the retailer's resistance. In this condition, only through subsidy from government or philanthropic organization can supply chain members sustain their cooperation.


Assuntos
Comércio/economia , Comércio/métodos , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Contratos/normas , Custos e Análise de Custo/normas , Modelos Teóricos , Humanos
9.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235870, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639978

RESUMO

Factors contributing to foodborne illnesses in Malaysia were identified as insanitary food handling procedures and lack of hygiene in food preparation area. Food safety at home is a critical point as consumers represent the final step in food preparation and prevention of foodborne diseases. This study aims to investigate the food safety knowledge, attitude and self-reported practices among consumers in Malaysia. An online survey was conducted, and data were analysed using descriptive statistics and exploratory factor analysis. A model linking food safety knowledge and attitude and their direct effects on practices were confirmed using structural equation modelling (SEM). The proposed model fulfilled the goodness of fit indices and is deemed acceptable. Respondents demonstrate good level of food safety knowledge and positive attitudes and self-reported practices. Food safety knowledge has a negative and insignificant relationship with food safety practices (ß1 = -0.284, p>0.05) while attitude significantly affects food safety practices (ß1 = 0.534, p<0.05). The findings clearly indicate that food safety knowledge does not directly affect food safety practices This is also the first study to provide new empirical findings on thermometer usage among consumers in Malaysia. This study establishes an important point of reference where consumers use visual appearances to determine if food is thoroughly cooked and practice washing raw chicken prior to cooking. Food safety practices at home play a critical role in protecting consumers in reducing risks of foodborne illnesses.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Malásia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234602, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584847

RESUMO

The adoption of energy-efficient lighting systems such as light-emitting diode (LED) lights is an effective strategy to address global warming and climate change. The adoption of LED light usage is largely shaped by consumer behavior. Understanding the factors that influence consumers' awareness of the advantages of using LED lights and consumers' eventual buying behavior is critical to industry players and policy-makers. The objective of this study is to investigate the significant factors that affect consumer intention to use LED lights among Malaysian households. A survey questionnaire of 1,075 potential consumers was employed and the partial least squares technique was applied in data analysis. The results show that consumer awareness creates responsibility and influences consumers' personal norms and attitudes, and their ultimate intention to buy LED lights. Feelings of guilt about contributing to air pollution and an awareness of the advantages of using LED lights both activate individual personal norms and attitudes, and influence the intention to buy LED lights. Awareness of the advantages of using LED lights, and of the negative consequences of not using them, prompts consumers to have feelings of guilt. The findings point to the importance of creating awareness among consumers.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Intenção , Conscientização , Emoções , Culpa , Humanos , Luz , Malásia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-186274

RESUMO

How to overcome informational conformity consumer behavior when faced with threats of death is a social problem in response to COVID-19. This research is based on the terror management theory, the need to belong theory and the materialism theory. It uses a theoretical model to determine the relationships between threats of death and informational conformity consumer behavior. From 1453 samples collected during outbreak of COVID-19 in China, we used a structural equation model to test multiple research hypotheses. The result shows that threats of death are positively associated with a need to belong, materialism and informational conformity consumer behavior. The need to belong and materialism can play a mediating role between threats of death and information conformity consumption behavior, and perceived social support can play a moderating role between threats of death and information conformity consumption behavior.


Assuntos
Comércio , Comportamento do Consumidor , Infecções por Coronavirus , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Pneumonia Viral , Conformidade Social , Apoio Social , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Morte , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Comportamento do Consumidor/economia , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232213, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374783

RESUMO

The younger generation is the largest Internet user group in China. They are the first generation to grow up with computers, the Internet, smartphones, online social media, and online shopping. The individuals that belong to this generational cohort have one thing in common-their online shopping behavior. To understand the shopping behavior of the younger Chinese generation, this study draws on the theoretical foundation of generational cohort theory. This study proposes an integrated model that examines the effects of information adoption, personalized service, perceived switching risk, and habitual behavior on purchase intention in the online shopping environment. Survey data have been collected from 407 Chinese people that belong to the post-90s generation. Structural equation modeling is used to analyze the data. Empirical findings show that information adoption, personalized service, and perceived switching risk are the most important predictors of online purchase intention. However, habitual behavior is negatively related to online purchase intention.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Econômicos , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Hábitos , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384598

RESUMO

How to overcome informational conformity consumer behavior when faced with threats of death is a social problem in response to COVID-19. This research is based on the terror management theory, the need to belong theory and the materialism theory. It uses a theoretical model to determine the relationships between threats of death and informational conformity consumer behavior. From 1453 samples collected during outbreak of COVID-19 in China, we used a structural equation model to test multiple research hypotheses. The result shows that threats of death are positively associated with a need to belong, materialism and informational conformity consumer behavior. The need to belong and materialism can play a mediating role between threats of death and information conformity consumption behavior, and perceived social support can play a moderating role between threats of death and information conformity consumption behavior.


Assuntos
Comércio , Comportamento do Consumidor , Infecções por Coronavirus , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Pneumonia Viral , Conformidade Social , Apoio Social , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Morte , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Comportamento do Consumidor/economia , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 589, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nutrition Content Claims (NCCs) are often used to enhance the appeal of healthy food products. Appropriate horizontal positioning of different NCCs in the consumer's visual field may help to improve the effect of the claims. This study examines the extent to which NCCs on food packaging are effective depending on where the claims are located on the packaging and the type of claims. METHODS: Guided by the location effect, a 2 (claim type: benefit-seeking vs. risk-avoidance) × 2 (claim location: left vs. right) experiment is conducted to investigate the influence of NCCs located on the left side of the observer's visual field compared to claims on the right side of the observer's visual field on purchase intentions when the claim is either benefit-seeking or risk-avoidance. The study was conducted online. A total of 400 participants took part in the experiment. The study obtained valid data from 365 participants (44.11% males). Analyses examined the purchase intentions of food products with different claims located in different locations. Differences were tested using a general linear model, and a level of significance of 0.05 was used. RESULTS: The authors find that respondents show higher purchase intentions toward foods with risk-avoidance NCCs located on the left and toward foods with benefit-seeking NCCs located on the right side of the package. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide implications and suggestions for improving healthy food packaging and marketing strategies and for public health policy.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Dieta Saudável/psicologia , Rotulagem de Alimentos/métodos , Preferências Alimentares/psicologia , Intenção , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Nutritivo , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 615, 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32366229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In China, home-based healthcare/rehabilitation has always been advocated by the government and is the most prevalent healthcare pattern. However, there is currently no data on how many each product has been purchased, and it is not clear what factors are associated with their use. The research aims to clarify the current practices and attitudes of the elderly on such matters, and further analyze their influence factors. METHODS: This pilot study consisted of two-round regional survey, conducted from July 25 to August 3, 2015 and July 20 to August 10, 2018 respectively. Both surveys released on-site paper questionnaires and collected after filling out in different communities. RESULTS: Two hundred forty-four valid questionnaires from 52 communities were collected. Compared with 2015 (30.8%), the number of people who did not purchase home healthcare devices in the same area decreased in 2018 (28.2%). Hemopiezometer (44.3%), glucometer (18.4%), massager (21.3%) and walking devices (19.3%) are the four main types of products that urbanites are most willing to buy. In addition, users' age group, education level, and income level were significantly correlated with the purchase of certain products. CONCLUSIONS: The types of home healthcare devices purchased by respondents are consistent with the distribution of chronic diseases of urban residents in China. The analysis of product brands also revealed the existing problems and huge growth space of the industry market, which also requires the government to introduce relevant policies and measures to regulate the market and accelerate the development of the industry.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipamentos de Autoajuda/economia , Equipamentos de Autoajuda/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Nutrients ; 12(4)2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252221

RESUMO

While the medical community supports the growth of citrus consumption as part of a healthy diet, there is limited knowledge about consumer preferences for these fruits. The current study analyzed the purchasing patterns and drivers of fresh citrus fruits from a convenience sample of 346 Italian food shoppers. Results revealed that clementines were the citrus fruit purchased most, followed by oranges and tangerines. Sweetness and smell were important product attributes for respondents. Different drivers affect the purchasing frequencies of various citrus fruits. Taste motivation, with a specific preference for acidity, impacts orange purchasing. Similarly, clementines are purchased primarily for taste motivation, however, the core sensory attribute for respondents in this case was sweetness. Meanwhile, for tangerines, the taste motivation is less important than the energy motivation, and the size together with the color are the core purchasing drivers. These outcomes provide food scientists, agronomists and market practitioners with new insights into Italian consumers' preferences for citrus fruits, thus contributing to a potential expansion of this market.


Assuntos
Citrus , Comércio , Comportamento do Consumidor , Preferências Alimentares , Percepção Gustatória , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Frutas , Humanos , Itália , Olfato , Paladar
20.
Rev. esp. nutr. comunitaria ; 26(1): 0-0, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193829

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTOS: El etiquetado nutricional representa una valiosa herramienta para ayudar a los consumidores a tomar decisiones informadas acerca de su dieta y estilo de vida. Son escasos los estudios realizados en España sobre la percepción de la información alimentaria por el consumidor y ninguno considera la población con obesidad y sobrepeso como objetivo principal. Por ello el objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar la percepción de esta población frente a la información que le proporciona el etiquetado de los alimentos, su comprensión, utilidad y uso. MÉTODOS: Se realiza 133 encuestas en personas de la Comunidad Valenciana con obesidad (27,8%) y sobrepeso (72,2%) sobre la lectura, hábitos de compra, comprensión y uso de la información alimentaria. RESULTADOS: Se observa que a pesar del interés por seguir una dieta saludable (27,8%) y la valoración positiva del etiquetado de los alimentos (91%), se lee poco (35,3%) y resulta difícil de comprender (35,6%). El precio es el condicionante que más influye a la hora de la compra (72,9%). El 72,9% no sigue una dieta especial. El semáforo nutricional es el etiquetado frontal mejor comprendido. CONCLUSIONES: La población con obesidad y sobrepeso tiene dificultad para interpretar y comprender el etiquetado de los alimentos


BACKGROUND: Nutritional food label represents a valuable tool to help consumers to make informed decisions about their diets and lifestyle. There are few studies carried out in Spain about the perception of the consumer and none of them has obese or overweight population as their main target. Consequently the high interest to conduct this research in order to assess the perception of this population to food label, their understanding, utility and use. METHODS: 133 surveys are conducted in Comunidad Valenciana on obese (27.8%) and overweight (72.2%) people regarding their reading, shopping habits, use and understanding of food information. RESULTS: It is observed that despite their interest to follow a healthy diet (27.8%) and the positive assessment of the food label (91.0%) little is read (35.3%) and it is difficult to understand (35.6%). Price is the most determining factor regarding purchase (72.9%). 72.9% of the population don't follow a special diet. Traffic light colours used on the front packaging is the best understood food label. CONCLUSIONS: Obese and overweight population has difficulty in interpreting and understanding food labels


Assuntos
Humanos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Rotulagem de Alimentos/tendências , Compreensão/classificação , Tomada de Decisões , Qualidade de Produtos para o Consumidor/normas , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/tendências
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