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1.
Chemosphere ; 246: 125753, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901528

RESUMO

Granules which could efficiently mineralize azo dyes were cultivated through immobilization of aerobic degradation strains in a core composed of anaerobic decolorization cultures. The core was obtained in a up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor incubated with anaerobic decolorization bacteria. Aerobic degradation strains were then grown on the surface of the anaerobic core in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR). Three of the granules' surface layers demonstrated the occurrence of immobilization. The granulation process was monitored with 16S rDNA high throughput sequencing. Anaerobic decolorization cultures belonging to the genera of unclassified, Levilinea, and Petrimonas and the aerobic degradation genera of Thauera, unclassified, Thermomonas, and Ottowia were successfully fixed in the granules. The obtained granules were capable of decolorizing azo dyes under anaerobic situation, and the generated aromatic amines were then completely mineralized in aerated environment. Comparative studies on the relationship between removed contaminates and typical components concentrations in low to high strength azo dye wastewater showed that the granules have great potentials in treating wastewater with different complexity. The removal efficiency of COD and TOC was not restricted by loading concentrations.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Aminas/metabolismo , Anaerobiose , Compostos Azo/análise , Bactérias Anaeróbias/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos , Corantes/metabolismo , Esgotos/microbiologia , Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 191: 110228, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982684

RESUMO

An efficient MnCeOx composite was successfully synthesized for activation of persulfate to degrade acid orange 7 (AO7) and ofloxacin. Pollutants degradation efficiencies with different catalytic systems were investigated. Results showed the performance of MnCeOx was better than MnOx, CeO2 and MnOx + CeO2. Thus, there was a clear synergistic effect (Se) between Mn and Ce in the composite, and the Se was 73.8% for AO7 and 39.6% for ofloxacin. In addition, AO7 removal fitted 1st order reaction while ofloxacin removal fitted 2nd order reaction in MnCeOx/persulfate system. Moreover, MnCeOx/persulfate system showed high efficiency in pH range of 5-9. Mechanism analysis showed that SO4- and OH on the surface of the catalyst were the main active species, and O2- also played an important role in pollutants degradation. Furthermore, MnCeOx showed high activity in actual water. Finally, the possible degradation pathway of ofloxacin was proposed according to the high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry result. Overall, this study provides an efficient and stable catalyst to activate persulfate to degrade refractory pollutants.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Benzenossulfonatos/metabolismo , Cério/química , Compostos de Manganês/química , Ofloxacino/metabolismo , Óxidos/química , Sulfatos/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Catálise , Oxirredução
3.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124787, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526987

RESUMO

Herein, the mutual effect between azo dye and the performance of electrochemically active bacteria (EAB) is investigated in detail, which is crucial to understand and control the bio-electrochemical systems (BESs) operation for azo dye containing wastewater treatment. EAB is enriched at controlled potential of -0.2 V vs Ag/AgCl in single-chamber BESs. Over 95% azo dye (alizarin yellow R (AYR)) was decolorized regardless of the initial AYR concentration ranging from 30 to 120 mg/L within 24 h. The fastest decolorization rate was obtained at AYR initial concentration of 70 mg/L, which was 4.25 times greater in the closed circuit BESs than that in the open circuit one. 16S rRNA gene based microbial community analysis showed that Geobacter was dominant in EAB with relative abundance increased from 77.98% (0 mg/L AYR) to 92.22% (70 mg/L AYR), indicating that azo dye selectively boosts the growth of exoelectrogens in electrode biofilm communities. Under electricity stimulation, extracellular process can be mutually conducted by azo dye compounds, which is favorable for accelerating reaction rate and avoiding of significant toxic effect on EAB.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/química , Bactérias/química , Corantes/química , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Biofilmes , Cor , Corantes/metabolismo , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Eletrodos/microbiologia , Geobacter/genética , Geobacter/metabolismo , Microbiota/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Águas Residuárias/química
4.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 131: 107349, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476657

RESUMO

Several textile industry processes produce complex organics, azo dyes and sulfide streams that pose a severe challenge to environmental protection. In this work, single-chamber air cathode microbial fuel cells were used to investigate the interaction mechanisms among Congo red decolorization, sulfide oxidation and bioelectricity generation. The results showed that effective removal of sulfide (>98%) and azo dyes (>88%) was achieved at an initial sulfide/dye ratio of 0.9 under neutral conditions, accompanied by a maximum power output of approximately 23.50 mW m-2. In this study, biogenic sulfide played a major role in azo dye decolorization and power generation compared with the chemical sulfide. The results indicated that bulk reduction of sulfide and cell lysis products during biogenic sulfide production by sulfate-reduction bacteria could accelerate the chemical reduction of azo dyes. Moreover, S0, SO42- and S2O32- were identified as degradation products, and the intermediates primarily included 3,4-diaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonic acid, sodium 4-aminonaphthalene-1-sulfonate and 4, 4'-diamine biphenyl. Microbial community analysis showed that Proteobacteria (80.7%), Gammaproteobacteria (48.1%), and Dokdonella (29.5%) dominated at the phylum, class, and genus levels, respectively, of the anodic biofilm. This study offers a feasible option for the treatment of recalcitrant organics, azo dyes and sulfide pollutants using single-chamber air cathode MFCs.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Eletrodos , Microbiota , Sulfetos/metabolismo , Compostos Azo/isolamento & purificação , Cor , Vermelho Congo/metabolismo , Gammaproteobacteria/metabolismo , Filogenia , Proteobactérias/metabolismo
5.
Environ Monit Assess ; 191(12): 766, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754863

RESUMO

Xenobiotic azo dyes and chromate (Cr(VI)) containing industrial wastewaters cause severe ecological problems. The present bioremediation study aims to treat wastewater containing Cr(VI) ions and mixed azo dyes (reactive red 21 (RR21) and reactive orange 16 (RO16)) by Pseudomonas aeruginosa 23N1. The process optimization of bioremediation is investigated using statistical designed experimental tool of response surface methodology. The ANOVA analysis is performed to evaluate optimal biodecolourization condition. This study shows that the amount of yeast extract has major influence on biodecolourization performance. The decolourization of individual RO16 and RR21 dye in presence of 60 mg/L of Cr(VI) ions is obtained as 88.5 ± 0.8 and 92.3 ± 0.7% for 100 and 150 mg/L initial dye concentrations, respectively. In this study, bacteria exhibit high Cr(VI) removal potential of ~ 99.1% against initial Cr(VI) concentration of 150 mg/L. The negative influence of Cr(VI) ions on biodecolourization is only noticed when initial Cr(VI) concentration in wastewater is found above 150 mg/L. The results reveal that bacteria studied here could be used to biodecolourize dyes even in high saline condition (> 6000 mg/L). The reduction of ~ 80% in American Dye Manufacturers Institute colour index value is achieved for mixed dyes solution containing 50 mg/L of both RR21 and RO16 dyes along with 50 mg/L Cr(VI) ions. Significant changes in the UV-visible and ATR-FTIR spectra are observed in treated water that confirms the biodegradation of dyes. Toxicity study with Vigna radiata reveals the non-toxicity of degraded metabolites and strain 23N1 is recommended as an effective bioremediation agent.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Cromo , Corantes , Águas Residuárias , Purificação da Água , Compostos Azo/química , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Cromo/química , Cromo/metabolismo , Corantes/química , Corantes/metabolismo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/metabolismo , Águas Residuárias/química , Purificação da Água/métodos
6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4420, 2019 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594923

RESUMO

Azoxy bond is an important chemical bond and plays a crucial role in high energy density materials. However, the biosynthetic mechanism of azoxy bond remains enigmatic. Here we report that the azoxy bond biosynthesis of azoxymycins is an enzymatic and non-enzymatic coupling cascade reaction. In the first step, nonheme diiron N-oxygenase AzoC catalyzes the oxidization of amine to its nitroso analogue. Redox coenzyme pairs then facilitate the mutual conversion between nitroso group and hydroxylamine via the radical transient intermediates, which efficiently dimerize to azoxy bond. The deficiency of nucleophilic reactivity in AzoC is proposed to account for the enzyme's non-canonical oxidization of amine to nitroso product. Free nitrogen radicals induced by coenzyme pairs are proposed to be responsible for the efficient non-enzymatic azoxy bond formation. This mechanism study will provide molecular basis for the biosynthesis of azoxy high energy density materials and other valuable azoxy chemicals.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/química , Modelos Químicos , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Catálise , Simulação por Computador , Oxirredução
7.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 29(10): 1629-1635, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474087

RESUMO

Azo dyes are recalcitrant pollutants, which are toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic, that constitute a significant burden to the environment. The decolorization and the mineralization efficiency of Remazol Brillant Orange 3R (RBO 3R) was studied using a probiotic consortium (Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus plantarum). Biodegradation of RBO 3R (750 ppm) was investigated under shaking condition in Mineral Salt Medium (MSM) solution at pH 11.5 and temperature 25°C. The bio-decolorization process was further confirmed by FTIR and UV-Vis analysis. Under optimal conditions, the bacterial consortium was able to decolorize the dye completely (>99%) within 12 h. The color removal was 99.37% at 750 ppm. Muliplex PCR technique was used to detect the Lactobacillus genes. Using phytotoxicity, cytotoxicity, mutagenicity and biototoxicity endpoints, toxicological studies of RBO 3R before and after biodegradation were examined. A toxicity assay signaled that biodegradation led to detoxification of RBO 3R dye.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/isolamento & purificação , Kefir/microbiologia , Consórcios Microbianos , Têxteis , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Purificação da Água/métodos , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Compostos Azo/toxicidade , Benzenossulfonatos/isolamento & purificação , Benzenossulfonatos/metabolismo , Benzenossulfonatos/toxicidade , Biodegradação Ambiental , Resíduos Industriais , Lactobacillus/genética , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Testes de Toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 183: 109484, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398583

RESUMO

This work evaluated the degradation of the Acid Blue 161 and Procion Red MX-5B dyes in a binary solution by the filamentous fungus Aspergillus terreus and the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae in systems with and without electrochemical oxidation as the pretreatment process. UV-Vis spectrophotometry, high-performance liquid chromatography with (HPLC), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and Salmonella/microsome assay (Ames test) were applied towards the degradation analysis of the dyes. Adsorption tests with white clay immobilized on alginate were also conducted after the discoloration treatments to remove intermediate metabolites formed during the degradation of the dye molecules. The discoloration treatments led to the complete color removal of the solutions in all the systems tested. The clay demonstrated affinity for the metabolites formed after discoloration treatments, the removal rates were variable, but the all systems has proved efficient. The Salmonella/microsome assay (Ames test) with strains TA98 and TA100 in the absence and presence of exogenous metabolism (S9 microsomal system, Moltox) revealed that the initial molecules and by-products of the metabolism of the dyes were direct mutagens. The electrochemical/A. terreus/clay system was able to discolor the solutions and transform the direct mutagens into non-mutagenic compounds in addition to reducing the mutagenic potency of the pro-mutagens to the Salmonella strain TA100/S9, which demonstrates the high efficiency of this system with regard to discoloring and degrading azo dye molecules and their by-products. Therefore, this study showed that although not having standard treatment system for this type of pollutant, the combination of treatments can be considered promising. The use of electrochemical oxidation along with microbiological treatment may lead to the degradation and mineralization of these compounds, reducing or eliminating the environmental impact caused by the improper disposal of these dyes in aquatic environments.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Compostos Azo/toxicidade , Corantes/metabolismo , Corantes/toxicidade , Mutagênicos/metabolismo , Mutagênicos/toxicidade , Aspergillus/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Complexos de Coordenação/toxicidade , Naftalenossulfonatos/metabolismo , Naftalenossulfonatos/toxicidade , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
9.
Bioresour Technol ; 291: 121875, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362846

RESUMO

Although a large amount of textile wastewater is discharged at high temperatures, azo dye reduction under extreme-thermophilic conditions by mixed cultures has gained little attention. In this study, Acid Orange 7 (AO7) was used as the model azo dye to demonstrate the decolorization ability of an extreme-thermophilic mixed culture. The results showed that a decolorization efficiency of over 90% was achieved for AO7. The neutral red (NR, 0.1 mM) could promote AO7 decolorization, in which the group of Cell + NR offered the highest decolorization rate of 1.568 1/h and t1/2 was only 0.44 h, whereas after CuCl2 addition, the decolorization rate (0.141 1/h) was lower and t1/2 (4.92 h) was much longer. Thus, CuCl2 notably inhibited this process. Caldanaerobacter (64.0%) and Pseudomonas (25.4%) were the main enriched bacteria, which were not reported to have the ability for dye decolorization. Therefore, this study extends the application of extreme-thermophilic biotechnology.


Assuntos
Archaea/metabolismo , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Bactérias Anaeróbias/metabolismo , Benzenossulfonatos/metabolismo , Corantes/metabolismo
10.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(25): 26313-26323, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286376

RESUMO

To identify the enzymes potentially useful for the decolorization of azo dyes, the secretome of the ascomycetous fungus Myrothecium roridum IM6482 was studied by using a bottom-up proteomic approach. Among the identified proteins, the most promising for dye removal was laccase, which decolorized respectively, 66, 91, 79, and 80% of Acid Blue 113 (AB 113), Acid Red 27 (AR 27), Direct Blue 14 (DB 14), and Acid Orange 7 (AO 7). The degradation of dyes was enhanced at the wide range of pH from 4 to 8. The addition of redox mediators allowed eliminating AB 113 in concentrations up to 400 mg/L and decolorization of the simulated textile effluent. Microbial toxicity and phytotoxicity tests indicated that dyes are converted into low-toxicity metabolites. This is the first insight into the M. roridum secretome, its identification and its application for removal of select azo dyes. Obtained results extended knowledge concerning biodegradative potential of ascomycetous, ligninolytic fungi and will contribute to the improvement of dye removal by fungi.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Hypocreales/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Compostos Azo/química , Compostos Azo/toxicidade , Benzenossulfonatos/química , Benzenossulfonatos/metabolismo , Benzenossulfonatos/toxicidade , Biodegradação Ambiental , Enzimas/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hypocreales/efeitos dos fármacos , Lacase/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Indústria Têxtil , Testes de Toxicidade/métodos , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
11.
Chem Biol Interact ; 311: 108746, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301288

RESUMO

Utilizing food additives at their optimized concentration is believed to be relatively safe, but their combinatorial effects remain largely unexplored. The influence of mixed food additives on the macromolecules may be altered by synergistic or antagonistic effects. It is previously shown that curcumin enhances the catalase activity by affecting its structural pocket in the active site. The aim of this study was to investigate the combination effects of food colorants sunset yellow FCF (SNY) and curcumin on the activation and/or inactivation of catalase activity using multispectral (fluorescence, FTIR, and UV-vis) analysis and simultaneous docking simulations. Kinetic studies demonstrated that SNY could significantly decrease catalase activity through a non-competitive inhibition mechanism. Fluorescence data indicated that SNY reduces intrinsic emission of catalase via a static quenching mechanism. Thermodynamic and molecular docking investigations suggested that catalase has one binding site for SNY, and hydrogen binding plays a main role in the binding reaction of catalase -SNY complex. Molecular dynamic simulation data indicated that the curcumin binding to the cavity, in the middle of the catalase helical domain, facilitates SNY binding to the enzyme pocket. For this purpose, the equilibrium dialysis system was used to study the stability and reversibility of SNY-catalase in the absence or presence of curcumin. The obtained data indicated that the binding of SNY-catalase is reversible and the stability of the complex is time-dependent. However, curcumin could make the complex more stable enhancing the SNY inhibition of catalase activity.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/química , Catalase/metabolismo , Curcumina/química , Corantes de Alimentos/química , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Catalase/antagonistas & inibidores , Domínio Catalítico , Curcumina/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/enzimologia , Corantes de Alimentos/metabolismo , Humanos , Cinética , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Termodinâmica
12.
Environ Pollut ; 252(Pt B): 1163-1169, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31252114

RESUMO

In this work, anthraquinone-2-sulfonate (AQS) was covalently immobilized onto activated carbon cloth (ACC), to be used as redox mediator for the reductive decolorization of reactive red 2 (RR2) by an anaerobic consortium. The immobilization of AQS improved the capacity of ACC to transfer electrons, evidenced by an increment of 3.29-fold in the extent of RR2 decolorization in absence of inhibitors, compared to incubations lacking AQS. Experiments conducted in the presence of vancomycin, an inhibitor of acidogenic bacteria, and with 2-bromoethane sulfonic acid (BES), an inhibitor of methanogenic archaea, revealed that acidogenic bacteria are the main responsible for RR2 biotransformation mediated by immobilized AQS. Nonetheless, the results also suggest that some methanogens are able to maintain their capacity to use immobilized AQS as an electron acceptor to sustain the decolorization process, even in the presence of BES.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Biotransformação , Carvão Vegetal/química , Antraquinonas , Compostos Azo/química , Bactérias/metabolismo , Carvão Vegetal/metabolismo , Cor , Corantes/metabolismo , Naftalenossulfonatos , Oxirredução , Triazinas
13.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 42(9): 1483-1494, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076865

RESUMO

Due to environmental concern, the research to date has tended to focus on how textile dye removal can be carried out in a greener manner. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the decolorization and biotransformation pathway of Mordant Orange-1 (MO-1) by Cylindrocephalum aurelium RY06 (C. aurelium RY06). Decolorization study was conducted in a batch experiment including the investigation of the effects of physio-chemical parameters. Enzymatic activity of C. aurelium RY06 during the decolorization was also investigated. Moreover, transformation and biodegradation of MO-1 by C. aurelium RY06 were observed using the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Manganese peroxidase, lignin peroxidase, laccase, 1,2-dioxygenase, and 2,3-dioxygenase enzymes were detected during the decolorization. In general, the present work concluded that the MO-1 was successfully degraded by C. aurelium RY06 and transformed to be maleic acid and to be isophtalic acid.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Corantes/metabolismo , Fungos/metabolismo , Têxteis , Biotransformação , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Maleatos/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Ácidos Ftálicos/metabolismo
14.
IET Nanobiotechnol ; 13(2): 134-143, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31051443

RESUMO

This work explores the rapid synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from Musa paradisiaca (M. paradisiaca) bract extract. The bio-reduction of Ag+ ion was recorded using ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy by a surface plasmon resonance extinction peak with an absorbance at 420 nm. The phytoconstituents responsible for the reduction of AgNPs was probed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The X-ray diffraction pattern confirmed the formation of crystalline AgNPs that were analogous to selected area electron diffraction patterns. Morphological studies showed that the obtained AgNPs were monodispersed with an average size of 15 nm. The biologically synthesised AgNPs showed higher obstruction against tested phytopathogens. The synthesised AgNPs exhibited higher inhibitory zone against fungal pathogen Alternaria alternata and bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Free radical scavenging potential of AgNPs was investigated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydroxyl and 2,2-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline)-6-sulphonic acid assays which revealed that the synthesised AgNPs act as a potent radical scavenger. The catalytic efficiency of the synthesised AgNPs was investigated for azo dyes, methyl orange (MO), methylene blue (MB) and reduction of o-nitrophenol to o-aminophenol. The results portrayed that AgNPs act as an effective nanocatalyst to degrade MO to hydrazine derivatives, MB to leucomethylene blue, and o-nitro phenol to o-amino phenol.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Musa/química , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Prata/química , Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Compostos Azo/análise , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/análise , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Picratos/análise , Picratos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Prata/metabolismo
15.
IET Nanobiotechnol ; 13(2): 144-149, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31051444

RESUMO

Azo dyes are widely used in industries and their release in the environment contributes to the pollution of effluents. The authors aim to develop a new eco-friendly water treatment method for the degradation of azo dyes based on in situ magnetic separation and immobilisation of bacterial cells. The immobilisation was achieved using superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles and offers the possibility of reusing bacteria by magnetic separation for several degradation cycles. The iron-oxide nanoparticles were synthesised by reverse co-precipitation. The Gram-positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis were immobilised using iron-oxide nanoparticles by adsorption and then separated with an external magnetic field. Transmission electron microscopy observation showed that the particles' diameter was ∼20 nm with a narrow size distribution. Moreover, the iron-oxide nanoparticles were adsorbed onto the surface in order to coat the cells. B. subtilis has proved its ability to decolorise and degrade several azo dyes at different values of pH, with the highest decolorisation rate for Congo red. Furthermore, immobilised cells have a degradation activity similar to that of free cells. The system provided a degradation rate up to 80% and could be reused for seven batch cycles.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Bacillus subtilis , Células Imobilizadas , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Compostos Azo/análise , Bacillus subtilis/citologia , Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo , Células Imobilizadas/citologia , Células Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Química Verde/métodos
16.
IET Nanobiotechnol ; 13(2): 150-159, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31051445

RESUMO

This investigation has for the first time utilised environmental resource Prunus cerasifera seed extract phytochemicals for the green synthesis of carpogenic ZnO nanoparticles (NPs). Spherical morphology and size range of 56.57-107.70 nm at variable calcination temperatures without the use of any external reducing agent was obtained. The synthesised NPs exhibited hexagonal wurtzite geometry with an average crystal size 5.62 nm and a band gap of 3.4 eV. Carpogenic NPs were investigated for optical, compositional, morphological, and phytochemical make up via ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV-Vis), Fourier transform infrared analysis, X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Carpogenic NPs degraded methyl red up to 83% with pseudo-first-order degradation kinetics (R2 = 0.88) in 18 min signifying their remediation role in environment in conformity with all principles of green chemistry. Photocatalytic assays were performed in direct solar irradiance. Nine pathogens of biomedical and agricultural significance having multi-drug resistance were inhibited in vitro via the Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion assay. The enhanced photocatalytic and antimicrobial inhibition not only makes carpogenic ZnO NPs a future photo-degradative candidate for environmental remediation but also a nanofertiliser, nanofungicide, and nanobactericide synthesised via bioinspired, biomimetic, green, and unprecedented route.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Óxido de Zinco/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Compostos Azo/química , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Tamanho da Partícula , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Prunus domestica/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia
17.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 103(10): 3965-3978, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941462

RESUMO

Azoreductases reductively cleave azo linkages by using NAD(P)H as an electron donor. The enzymes are widely found in bacteria and act on numerous azo dyes, which allow various unique applications. This review describes primary amino acid sequences, structures, substrates, physiological roles, and biotechnological applications of bacterial azoreductases to discuss their remarkable diversification. According to primary sequences, azoreductases were classified phylogenetically into four main clades. Most members of clades I-III are flavoproteins, whereas clade IV members include flavin-free azoreductases. Clades I and II prefer NADPH and NADH, respectively, as electron donors, whereas other members generally use both. Several enzymes formed no clades; moreover, some bacteria produce azoreductases with longer primary structures than those hitherto identified, which implies further diversification of bacterial azoreductases. The crystal structures commonly reveal the Rossmann folds; however, ternary structures are moderately varied with different quaternary conformation. Although physiological roles are obscure, several azoreductases have been shown to act on metabolites such as flavins, quinones, and metal ions more efficiently than on azo dyes. Considering that many homologs exclusively act on these metabolites, it is possible that azoreductases are actually side activities of versatile reductases that act on various substrates with different specificities. In parallel, this idea raises the possibility that homologous enzymes, even if these are already defined as other types of reductases, widely harbor azoreductase activities. Although azoreductases for which their genes have been identified are not abundant, it may be simple to identify azoreductases of biotechnological importance that have novel substrate specificities.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Bactérias/enzimologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Variação Genética , NADH NADPH Oxirredutases/genética , NADH NADPH Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/classificação , Biotecnologia/métodos , NADH NADPH Oxirredutases/química , NADH NADPH Oxirredutases/classificação , Conformação Proteica , Especificidade por Substrato
18.
Food Chem ; 284: 180-187, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30744844

RESUMO

Egg white lysozyme plays an important role in the processing of high value-added poultry products. Considering its applications in the food industry, lysozyme could interact with other food additives, thereby impacting their performance. The present study comparatively investigated the interaction and orientation of the mono-, dis-, and tris-azo food dyes with egg white lysozyme. Allura red AC, brilliant black PN and direct brown 1 bound to lysozyme through a static quenching mechanism with 105 magnitude binding constants. The binding affinity, mainly driven by hydrogen bonds and van der Waals forces, follows the order: direct brown 1 > brilliant black PN > allura red AC. Based on structural and computational analysis, the addition of the monoazo/disazo/trisazo dye led to differing degrees of lysozyme unfolding and numbers of azo groups. The type of substituents on the structures has momentous influence on the transportation and distribution of food dyes to egg white lysozyme.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/química , Corantes de Alimentos/química , Muramidase/química , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Dicroísmo Circular , Proteínas do Ovo/química , Proteínas do Ovo/metabolismo , Corantes de Alimentos/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Muramidase/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Termodinâmica
19.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(3): 38, 2019 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739299

RESUMO

The present study investigated biodegradation and removal of Reactive Red 198 (RR198) dye from aqueous environments using a new bacterial consortium isolated from textile wastewater sludge on laboratory scale via batch study. Two bacterial species, Enterococcus faecalis (EF) and Klebsiella variicola (KV), were identified after isolation, through biochemical assays, Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. To determine their ability to biodegrade RR198 dye, physicochemical parameters, including bacterial concentration, time, pH, and temperature, were tested; the results showed that the best conditions included a bacterial concentration of 3.5 mL × 105 cells/mL and incubation time of 72 h. Under such conditions, the removal efficiency of RR198 dye at an initial concentration of 10-25 mg/L was more than 98%; however, for concentrations of 50, 75, and 100 mg/L, removal efficiency was reduced to 55.62%, 25.82%, and 15.42%, respectively (p = 0.005). The highest removal efficiency occurred at pH 8.0, reaching 99.26% after 72 h of incubation. With increasing the incubation temperature from 25 °C to 37 °C, removal efficiency increased from 71.71 to 99.26% after 72 h of incubation, and increasing the temperature from 37 to 45 °C, the removal efficiency was reduced (p ≤ 0.001). Therefore, the EF-KV bacterial consortium can be used for efficient removal of RR198 dye from textile effluent.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Enterococcus faecalis/metabolismo , Klebsiella/metabolismo , Consórcios Microbianos , Naftalenossulfonatos/metabolismo , Esgotos/microbiologia , Têxteis/microbiologia , Triazinas/metabolismo , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Corantes/metabolismo , DNA Bacteriano/análise , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Enterococcus faecalis/genética , Enterococcus faecalis/isolamento & purificação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Resíduos Industriais , Klebsiella/genética , Klebsiella/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Esgotos/química , Temperatura , Indústria Têxtil , Fatores de Tempo , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
20.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 60(2): 461-472, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30707219

RESUMO

Purpose: Multiple evidence lines support Bruch's membrane lipid deposition as a major precursor of soft drusen and age-related macular degeneration as including a potentially treatable atherosclerosis-like progression in the subretinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-basal lamina space. We evaluated the effect of anti-inflammatory, antiatherogenic peptide L-4F on Bruch's membrane of aged nonhuman primates in a dose-escalating study. Methods: Macaca fascicularis ≥20 years of age evaluated by color fundus photography and optical coherence tomography received monocular intravitreal injections of L-4F (n = 7) or a placebo-scrambled peptide (n = 2) in 6 doses of 25 to 175 µg over 6 months. Eyes were processed for detection and masked semiquantitative assessment of macular Bruch's membrane neutral lipid (oil red O staining), esterified cholesterol (filipin histochemistry), membrane attack complex (immunofluorescence), and paramacular thickness (transmission electron microscopy). Results: Bruch's membrane neutral lipid, esterified cholesterol, and membrane attack complex were cleared and ultrastructure was improved in L-4F-injected eyes, compared to placebo-injected eyes. Fellow eyes were also affected to the same degree as the injected eyes. Punctate yellow fundus lesions without corresponding RPE elevations on optical coherence tomography correlated to RPE lipoidal degeneration (engorgement with lipid droplets), which was unchanged by this treatment. Conclusions: Clinical-stage apolipoprotein A-I mimetic peptide L-4F, delivered intravitreally in repeated doses, produced a substantial pharmacologic reduction of Bruch's membrane lipid and restoration of ultrastructure in a nonhuman primate model that exhibits an important precursor of soft drusen, if not soft drusen themselves.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Lâmina Basilar da Corioide/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipídeos de Membrana/metabolismo , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Lâmina Basilar da Corioide/metabolismo , Lâmina Basilar da Corioide/ultraestrutura , Complexo de Ataque à Membrana do Sistema Complemento/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Filipina/metabolismo , Fundo de Olho , Histocitoquímica/métodos , Injeções Intravítreas , Macaca fascicularis , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Imagem Multimodal , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Fotografação , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
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