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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1857-1861, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342713

RESUMO

The change of icariin( ICA) content in thirty-three samples of five Epimedium species listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia( 2015 edition),including E. brevicornu,E. sagittatum,E. pubescens,E. koreanum,and E. wushanense has been investigated in this study. The results indicated that the optimized process procedure was baking at 150 ℃ for 30 min,and 3'''-carbonyl-2″-ß-L-quinovosyl icariin( CQICA) could not be translated into ICA and ICA could be converted under this heating process condition. ICA increased remarkably after the heating process by 1-3 times in E. brevicornu,E. wushanense and E. koreanum,and increased lightly in E. brevicornum and E. pubescens,while ICA slightly increased or decreased in E. sagittatum and E. wushanense.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Epimedium/química , Flavonoides/análise , Temperatura Alta , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Manejo de Espécimes
2.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 74(3): 446-447, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273640

RESUMO

Cookies are one of the most consumed bakery products and the formulation could be modified to consider them as a functional food. The high amylose maize starch (HAMS) is considered as resistant starch (RS) type 2. The objective of this work was to assess the starch fractions, texture, sensory properties and acceptability of wheat flour cookies added with HAMS at different percentages. Adding 15% of HAMS into the formulation increased the amount of RS from 2.3 to 12.8%. In sensory analysis, children and adults showed a good acceptability of cookies since the addition of HAMS did not result in significant changes in flavor or color. Cookies made with HAMS could be considered as functional foods since they had an acceptable texture and low caloric content.


Assuntos
Amilose/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Amido/química , Triticum/química , Zea mays/química , Adulto , Criança , Digestão , Farinha/análise , Alimento Funcional , Humanos , Paladar
3.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 74(3): 399-404, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273641

RESUMO

A simple and efficient ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) technique was developed in order to find optimal conditions for the extraction of total phenolic compounds, flavonoids and anthocyanins in wild raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) fruits. Several extraction variables, including methanol composition (v/v, %), solid-solvent ratio (g/mL), time (min) and extraction temperature (°C) were optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). Under optimal conditions for extraction, the total phenolics were found in the concentration of 383 mg GAE/100 g of fresh fruit weight, while HPLC-PDA analysis of the optimized extract showed the presence of cyanidin-3-glucoside, cyanidin-3-sophoroside, catechin, gallic and ellagic acid. The experimental values of DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities were 29.0 and 39.5 µmol Trolox/g of fresh fruit weight, respectively. In vitro simulated gastrointestinal digestion showed great raspberry phenolics stability. Our study assessed the bioaccessible phenolics in wild raspberry fruits and showed optimal conditions for the effective extraction of bioactive compounds for their analysis.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/análise , Frutas/química , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Rubus/química , Antocianinas/análise , Antocianinas/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Fenóis/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Sonicação
4.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 74(3): 277-286, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278560

RESUMO

Obesity is a major worldwide health threat. It is characterized by an abnormal adipose tissue overgrowth together with increased monocytes infiltration, causing inflammation and oxidative stress, events associated with several illnesses. Investigations have focused on the benefits of native fruit consumption, claiming these to be natural sources of bioactive compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory characteristics. It has been widely stated that berries are a source of the most antioxidant compounds, and, thus, seem highly promising to endure research efforts on these vegetal matrices. The present article describes botanical, chemical and biomedical features of the Chilean native berries, Aristotelia chilensis, Ugni molinae, and Berberis microphylla. This work aims to potentiate incoming research focused on the search for novel treatments for first-order diseases with these particular plant sources.


Assuntos
Berberis/química , Elaeocarpaceae/química , Frutas/química , Myrtaceae/química , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Chile , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/etiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Estresse Oxidativo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(10): 2051-2058, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355560

RESUMO

To establish ultra performance liquid chromatography( UPLC) fingerprint of Puerariae Lobatae Radix from different habitats and simultaneously determine the contents of six isoflavonoids. The UPLC fingerprint analysis and content determination were performed on a Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18)( 2. 1 mm×50 mm,1. 7 µm) chromatographic column,with acetonitrile-0. 05% formic acid as mobile phase for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 250 nm; the flow rate was 0. 2 mL·min~(-1); the column temperature was 30 ℃ and the injection volume was 2 µL. Similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) was adopted; principal component analysis( PCA) and discriminant analysis by partial least square method( PLS-DA) in Simca-P software were used to identify the differential components in samples from three habitats. The similarity was over 0. 90 in 29 batches of samples,indicating good consistency of the samples. The samples were clustered into 3 categories by PCA and PLS-DA,and six differential components such as puerarin apioside,daidzin,and isoflavoues aglycone were found. The determination results of 6 isoflavones,including 3'-hydroxy puerarin,puerarin,3'-methoxy puerarin,puerarin apioside,daidzin,and isoflavoues aglycone,showed that the content of the same component and the fluctuation range between different components were all different among different habitats. The total content of 6 isoflavones from different regions was Anhui 11. 21% >Henan 10. 97% >Shannxi 9. 38%. The establishment of UPLC fingerprint combined with simultaneous determination of 6 active components provides a more comprehensive reference for quality control and quality evaluation of Puerariae Lobatae Radix.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Ecossistema , Flavonoides/análise , Pueraria/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Raízes de Plantas/química
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(10): 2065-2071, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355562

RESUMO

A scientific and perfect quality evaluation system for Moutan Cortex Formula Granules was established,including content determination method,characteristic chromatogram method and mass spectrometry method. The content of paeoniflorin and paeonol in Moutan Cortex Formula Granules was determined by high performance liquid chromatography( HPLC),and the average content was 1. 72% and 1. 42%,respectively. The characteristic chromatogram was used to characterize Moutan Cortex Formula Granules,which contained 7 characteristic peaks,namely gallic acid,p-hydroxybenzoic acid,oxypaeoniflorin,paeoniflorin,tetragalloyl glucose,1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-ß-D-glucose and paeonol. A total of 40 compounds in Moutan Cortex Formula Granules,including gallic acids,paeoniflorins,paeonols,flavonoids and benzoic acids,were identified by mass spectrometry. In this study,a variety of analytical methods were used to evaluate the quality system of Moutan Cortex Formula Granules,which could play a positive role in improving the level of quality evaluation and process quality control.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Paeonia/química , Controle de Qualidade , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(10): 2078-2083, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355564

RESUMO

The traditional Chinese medicine standard decoction is prepared on the basis of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine and clinical application. With reference to the modern extraction method,the single decoction of traditional Chinese medicine is prepared by the standardized process,and the establishment of its quality standards is conducive to standardizing clinical medication. This research is to set an evaluation standard for the quality of salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus standard decoction. Twelve batches of salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus standard decoctions were prepared. The contents of psoralen and isopsoralen were determined,the transfer and extract rates were calculated,and the pH value was measured; HPLC fingerprint method was established for analysis. The results of the 12 batches of samples revealed that the transfer rates of psoralen and isopsoralen were 17. 10%-26. 40%,14. 70%-22. 70%,respectively; the extract rate was between 14. 7%-27. 0%,and the pH value was between 5. 4-6. 9. Moreover,7 common chromatographic peaks were determined based on fingerprint by using similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine( 2012 A).The similarities of the 12 batches of samples were analyzed and compared,and the results showed that the similarities were all higher than0. 9. In this study,the preparation method for salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus decoction was standard,with high similarities in fingerprint. This study build a convenient and reliable method of comprehensive quality evaluation,with a high precision,stability and repeatability,which can provide a reference for the quality control of salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus dispensing granules.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Frutas/química , Psoralea/química , Controle de Qualidade , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise
8.
Food Chem ; 299: 125113, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310913

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess content of primary and secondary metabolites of 18 plum cultivars selected in Serbia. Autochthonous cultivar 'Crvena Ranka' exhibited the highest level of total sugars (174.3 g/kg FW) while cultivar 'Mildora' had the highest sugars/acids ratio (17.2). Cultivar 'Nada' also contained high sugars/acid ratio as well as a high level of glucose and total sugars. Compared to the other cultivars, 'Nada' had a higher content of anthocyanins (27.14 mg/100 g FW), 'Crvena Ranka' neochlorogenic acid (23.21 mg/100 g FW) and flavanols (86.15 mg/100 g FW) but also the highest antioxidant activity. The PCA analysis confirmed that 'Nada' and 'Crvena Ranka' demonstrated better results in terms of sugars and antioxidant activity than the standard cultivars grown in Serbia and can be recommended for increased plum growing for fresh consumption, processing and in the breeding of plum with enhanced nutritional content.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/análise , Fenóis/análise , Prunus domestica/química , Frutas/química , Glucose/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Sérvia
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(11): 2283-2291, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359655

RESUMO

To build up an identification method on cardiac glycosides in Taxillus chinensis and its Nerium indicum host, and evaluate the influence on medicine quality from host to T. chinensis, ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass-mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS)was applied. The samples of T. chinensis(harvested from N. indicum)and its N. indicum host were collected in field. The samples of T. chinensis(harvested from Morus alba)and its M. alba host was taken as control substance. All samples were extracted by ultrasonic extraction in 70% ethanol. Chromatographic separation was performed on an ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 C_(18)(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.8 µm)column at 40 ℃. Gradient elution was applied, and the mobile phase was consisted of 0.1% formic acid water and acetonitrile. The 0.5 µL of sample solution was injected and the flow rate of the mobile phase was kept at 0.6 mL·min~(-1) in each run. It was done to identify cardiac glycosides and explore the chemical composition correlation in T. chinensis and its N. indicum host by analyzing positive and negative ion mode mass spectrometry data, elemental composition, cardiac glycoside reference substance and searching related literatures. A total of 29 cardiac glycosides were identified, 28 of it belonged to N. indicum host, 5 belonged to T. chinensis(harvested from N. indicum host), none of cardiac glycoside was identified in T. chinensis(harvested from M. alba host). The result could provide a reference in evaluating the influence in T. chinensis medicine quality from host. It was rapid, accurate, and comprehensive to identify cardiac glycosides in T. chinensis and its N. indicum host by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS.


Assuntos
Glicosídeos Cardíacos/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Loranthaceae/química , Nerium/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(11): 2292-2307, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359656

RESUMO

The present study is to establish a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) for determining contents of seven compositions in Alismatis Rhizoma, alismoxide, alisol C 23-acetate, alisol A, alismol, alisol B, alisol B 23-acetate and 11-deoxy-alisol B. Six relative correction factors(RCFs) of alismoxide, alisol C 23-acetate, alisol A, alismol, alisol B and 11-deoxy-alisol B were established in the UPLC method with alisol B 23-acetate as the internal standard, which was to calculate the mass fraction of each. The mass fraction of seven effective constituents in Alismatis Rhizoma was calculated by the external standard method(ESM) at the same time. Compared with the content results determined by the ESM and QAMS, the feasibility and accuracy of QAMS method were verified. Within the linear range, the RCFs of alismoxide, alisol C 23-acetate, alisol A, alismol, alisol B, 11-deoxy-alisol B were 0.946, 4.183, 0.915, 1.039, 0.923 and 1.244, respectively, with good repeatability in different experimental conditions. There was no significant difference between the QAMS method and ESM method. Then, QAMS method was applied to determination of the different degree Alismatis Rhizoma from different areas. As a result, the concentrations of 7 components have differences in different areas, but no significant differences in different grades. The QAMS method is feasible and accurate for the determination of the seven chemical compositions, and which can be used for quality control of Alismatis Rhizoma.


Assuntos
Alismatales/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Rizoma/química
11.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 74(3): 443-445, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31183803

RESUMO

The antioxidant activity of ginger and turmeric powders derived from freeze-dried rhizomes and peels as well as commercial spices has been evaluated by two spectrophotometric assays based on electron transfer such as DPPH and FRAP. The phenolic characterization has been also carried out by detecting total polyphenols through Folin-Ciocalteu method and HPLC analysing 6-gingerol and curcumin. Ginger and turmeric peels showed greater antioxidant activity than commercial powders because of their higher phenolic yields. Hence, ginger and turmeric peels can be considered a rich source of phytochemicals which contribute to the antioxidant effects of these agro-food wastes.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Curcuma/química , Gengibre/química , Fenóis/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Catecóis/análise , Álcoois Graxos/análise , Polifenóis/análise , Rizoma/química , Especiarias/análise
12.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 74(3): 350-357, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209702

RESUMO

Thirteen fruits, eight legumes and three tubers consumed in the Andean regions of Ecuador were studied to determine their bioactive compounds, organic acids, sugars content, total antioxidant capacity, as well as to determine which among them showed the greatest contribution in terms of antioxidant activity and which compounds contributed to it. Among fruits, taxo fruits (Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L.H. Bailey) presented the highest values of total phenolic, carotene content, and total antioxidant capacity. The ají ratón (Capsicum chinense Jacq) showed the highest content of vitamin C. Taxo showed the highest content of ß carotene, whilst lycopene was identified only in guayaba fruits (Psidium guajava L.) and ají ratón was the principal source of lutein. In legumes, chocho perla (Lupinus mutabilis Sweet) showed the highest values for both total phenolic and flavonoid content, whilst frejol negro (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and frejol canario (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) showed the highest values for FRAP and DPPH assay, respectively. Between tubers, the jícama (Smallanthus sonchifolius (Poepp.) H. Rob.) had the majors values in terms of total phenolic, flavonoid content, and total antioxidant capacity. In terms of total antioxidant capacity, taxo fruits have the highest contribution in terms of total antioxidant capacity, whilst the dendogram shown the occurrence of five distinct groups in which taxo was located in the first largest group. Our data contributing towards gaining better knowledge about the Andean Ecuadorian diet and the composition of Andean food in order to estimate dietary intakes of health-promoting components.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Asteraceae/química , Capsicum/química , Fabaceae/química , Promoção da Saúde , Passiflora/química , Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Carotenoides/análise , Equador , Flavonoides/análise , Frutas/química , Fenóis/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Tubérculos/química , beta Caroteno/análise
13.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 74(3): 358-363, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209703

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to identify volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by SPME-GC and quantify the bioactive compounds (ascorbic acid, total flavonoids and total phenolic content), antioxidant capacity (DPPH and ORAC) and physicochemical characteristics of ocorocillo, cambucá, murici da praia and murici do campo, four native South American fruits. A total of 41 volatile compounds were identified in ocorocillo, of which 17 were terpenes. Cambuca's volatile profile contained aldehydes, aromatic hydrocarbons and alcohols. Murici da praia and murici do campo contained high levels of fatty acid volatiles and esters, that contribute to their remarkable aroma. Ocorocillo contained high levels of ascorbic acid and total flavonoids, while cambucá presented lower ascorbic acid, flavonoid and phenolic levels. Murici da praia and murici do campo contained high amounts of phenolic compounds and high free-radical scavenging capacity (DPPH and ORAC). In addition, this fruit was sweeter and less acid compared to the other assessed fruits. The results suggest that these native fruits constitute a good source of volatile compounds and bioactive compounds, which may aid in their preservation interest and potential use in the food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Eugenia/química , Frutas/química , Malpighiaceae/química , Myrtaceae/química , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Álcoois/química , Fenômenos Químicos , Cromatografia Gasosa , Flavonoides/análise , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/análise , Fenóis/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Terpenos/análise
14.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 74(3): 266-276, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243622

RESUMO

Herbal teas are used as therapeutic vehicles in many forms of traditional medicine and are a popular global beverage. The purpose of this scoping review was to examine the evidence relating to the clinical efficacy and safety of herbal teas, and to identify the main research themes and gaps in knowledge to inform further work. A scoping review methodology was followed that set out the research question and described the sourcing, selection and analysis of studies. Overall, a total of 145 research publications were retrieved from global bibliographic databases, and after applying exclusion criteria, 21 remained. These studies looked at herbal tea use in female health, diabetes, heart disease and weight loss, with plant species including lavender, chamomile, fenugreek, stinging nettle, spearmint, hibiscus, yerba maté, echinacea and combinations of herbs. Observational studies explored associations between herbal tea consumption and cancer risk, liver health, and the risks linked to the consumption of environmental contaminants in the plant material. Despite plant materials being the basis for drug discovery, and the popularity of herbal teas, the number of articles exploring clinical efficacy and safety is small. In this review we discuss how herbal teas may be beneficial in some areas of clinical and preventative health, and what further research is required to understand whether regular consumption can contribute to healthy living more generally.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Plantas Medicinais , Chás de Ervas/análise , Biodiversidade , Humanos , Medicina Preventiva
15.
Food Chem ; 297: 124933, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253274

RESUMO

The main goals of this study were to determine the phenolic composition and antioxidant activity of table olives from Olea europaea L. cv. Cornezuelo, as well as the effect caused by a simulated in vitro digestion to evaluate compounds bioavailability. High-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array and mass spectrometry detection (HPLC-DAD-MSn) was used to evaluate the phytochemical profile, whereas conventional spectrophotometric methods (ABTS·+ and DPPH) were used to determine the antioxidant activity. The mineral content was also quantified by inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry. Thirty compounds were identified, mainly polyphenols, quantifying the major compounds by HPLC-DAD. After the simulated digestion, the phenolic content suffered an important decrease - more than 50% - reaching losses of up to 75% for oleuropein and comselogoside isomers. This decrease also resulted in a loss of antioxidant activity, observing significant differences for all parameters. However, the analyzed extracts still retained considerable antioxidant potential.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Olea/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Suco Gástrico/química , Olea/metabolismo , Fenóis/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química
16.
Molecules ; 24(9)2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052526

RESUMO

An aroma-based method for distinguishing different grades of Nongxiang Tieguanyin was explored by taking special grade (K110) and 1-4 grades (K101, K102, K103, and K104) of this tea as samples. Tea samples were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) combined with chemometrics. Results showed differences in the types and relative contents of aroma components among different grades of Nongxiang Tieguanyin tea. In the principal component analysis (PCA) scoring plot, except for K102 and K103, tea samples of different grades were distributed in different regions. Components satisfying variable important for the projection (VIP) > 1 and peak areas with significant differences (p < 0.05) among different tea grades were screened. Finally, 18 differential variables were screened out from 143 volatiles. The clustering results of these variables were consistent with those of PCA. K102 and K103 were initially clustered into one group and then clustered with K101, K110, and K104 in turn. The clear PCA separation of these samples and uniform hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) clustering results suggests that GC-MS coupled with chemometrics analysis is a valid and accurate approach for discriminating different grades of Nongxiang Tieguanyin. The screened differential variables could represent a difference in aroma quality among five grades of Nongxiang Tieguanyin tea. Clear rules between peak area and the grade were also observed in some differential variables. 1-Ethylpyrrole and unknown-32 were positively correlated with grade. 2-Methylfuran, 2-ethylfuran, 2-methylidenecyclopentan-1-ol, mesityl oxide, 2-amylfuran, and D-limonene were negatively correlated with grade. The peak areas of methyl acetate, dimethyl sulfide, 6-methylhept-5-en-2-one, and (Z)-ß-ocimene initially decreased but then increased with declining grade. The toluene content was especially high in K104 but only a negligible difference was observed among other grades. This study provides a potential method for differentiating Nongxiang Tieguanyin teas of different grades based on aroma. Unknown samples could be classified by comparison of their spatial distribution with those of known standard samples in PCA or HCA, as well as the peak area differences of differential variables between unknown samples and known standard samples.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Odorantes/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Chá/química , Chá/classificação , Análise de Variância , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Chá/normas , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(8): 1564-1572, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090320

RESUMO

To establish an HPLC characteristic fingerprint method of Fuke Qianjin Capsules,and determine the contents of its main components. The analysis was carried out on a Kromasil 100-5-C18 analytical column(4. 6 mm ×250 mm,5 µm) with gradient elution by acetonitrile(A)-0. 1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution(B),a flow rate at 1. 0 m L·min-1 and the detection wavelength of 254 nm.The column temperature was 30 ℃,and the injection volume was 10 µL. The determination method of genistin,jatrorrhizine,andrographolide and 14-deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide index components were studied methodologically. The common mode of the characteristic fingerprint of Fuke Qianjin Capsules was set up with 8 common peaks,which were identified as genistin,jatrorrhizine,palmatine,berberine,andrographolide,14-deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide,Z-ligustilide,and Z-3-butylidenephthalide,respectively,in comparison with the references. The similarities of 20 batches of Fuke Qianjin Capsules samples were above 0. 95. All of the above-mentioned 4 analytes could be well separated under the optimized chromatographic conditions. RSD of precision and repeatability experiment were both less than 1. 5%,and the sample solution was stable during 72 h. All of the compounds had a good linearity and linear range. The contents of genistin,jatrorrhizine,andrographolide,and 14-deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide in 20 batches of Fuke Qianjin Capsules samples were 28. 66-56. 04,94. 77-197. 92,1 705. 33-4 148. 93 and 462. 16-1 225. 96 µg in each capsule,respectively. The developed HPLC characteristic fingerprint and quantitative analysis methods were reliable,accurate and sensitive,and could be used effectively evaluate the quality of Fuke Qianjin Capsules samples.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Cápsulas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(8): 1573-1587, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090321

RESUMO

UPLC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS/MS was used to analyze,identify and attribute the chemical constituents in Pudilan Antiphlogistic Oral Liquid. The analysis was performed on an Agilent Eclipse XDB-C18(4.6 mm × 150 mm,3.5 µm) with a gradient mobile phase of methanol-0.1% formic solution system at the flow rate of 0.5 m L·min-1. The sample volume was 2 µL. The column temperature was30 ℃. The high-resolution orbitrap mass spectrometry was used as detector,with electrospray ion source in both positive and negative models,and the MS scanning ranged between m/z 50 and 2 000. Based on the analysis of mass spectrometry and literature reports,79 compounds were confirmed,including 30 alkaloids,28 organic acids,18 flavonoids and 3 coumarins. Finally,39 compounds,such as rutin,esculetin,gallic acid,caffeic acid,cichoric acid,were identified from Taraxacum mongolicum; 11 compounds,such as baicalin,baicalein,apigenin,chrysin,oroxylin A,were identified from Scutellaria baicalensis; 13 compounds,such as arginine,proline,hypoxanthine,epigoitrin,indirubin,were identified from Isatis indigotica; and 18 compounds,such as dehydrocheilanthifoline,oxysanguinarine,corynoline,protopine,spallidamine,were identified from Corydalis bungeana. After the analysis of chemical model and attribution,the contents of some compounds were high in Pudilan Antiphlogistic Oral Liquid,such as baicalin,wogonoside,baicalein,wogonin,apigenin,chrysin,skullcapflavonⅡ,oroxylin A,cichoric acid,chlorogenic acid,caffeic acid,esculetin,dehydrocheilanthifoline,dihydrosanguinarine,protopine,corynoline and indirubin. The established method is simple,accurate,rapid,sensitive and reproducible,and thus suitable for the qualitative identification and quantitative determination of Pudilan Antiphlogistic Oral Liquid,which lays a foundation for the systematic quality control and the establishment of whole-course traceability system of active ingredients.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(8): 1596-1600, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090323

RESUMO

Near infrared spectroscopy(NIRS) was used for rapid quantitative analysis of saponins in Pien Tze Huang troches and powders. The near infrared spectra of Pien Tze Huang were collected,and the contents of notoginsenoside R1,ginsenoside Rg1 and ginsenoside Rb1 in Pien Tze Huang were determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) as the reference values. Then the near infrared spectra of the samples were associated with the reference values to establish the quantitative analysis models by using partial least squares(PLS) method. Finally,the models were verified by unknown samples. The results showed that root mean square error of cross-validation(RMSECV) of R1,Rg1,Rb1 and the total content was 0.095 1,0.555,0.414,0.960 mg·g-1 for the troches models,0.085 6,0.443,0.405,0.913 mg·g-1 for the powders models. After external validations,root mean square error of prediction(RMSEP) of R1,Rg1,Rb1 and the total content was 0.111,0.274,0.276,0.807 mg·g-1 for the troches models,0. 059 2,0. 322,0. 327,0. 705 mg·g-1 for the powders models. The averages of relative standard deviation between the predicted values and the chemical measured values were all less than 2.0%. According to the results of paired-t tests at the level of α = 0.05,there were no significant differences between the predicted values and the measured values. The established quantitative analysis models can be used to predict the contents of saponins in Pien Tze Huang accurately and the proposed method is simple,fast,non-destructive and environmentally friendly for the rapid detection and quality control of saponins in Pien Tze Huang.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Saponinas/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(8): 1601-1606, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090324

RESUMO

To investigate the N-containing compounds in the seeds of Paganum harmala,fourteen compounds were finally isolated from the 95% Et OH extract of P. harmala seeds by using various chromatographic techniques including silica gel,MCI resin,and ODS column chromatography as well as the semi-preparative HPLC. Depending on spectroscopic techniques and comparison with the reported data in the literatures,the structures of all compounds were identified as N-[3-(2-amino-4-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxopropyl]acetamide(1),dehydroharmalacidine(2),harmalacidine(3),harmine N-oxide(4),harmine(5),tetrahydroharmine(6),demethylharmalacidine(7),harmol(8),tetrahydroharmol(9),harmindol ß-D-glucopyranoside(10),tryptophyl ß-D-glucopyranoside(11),pegamineß-D-glucopyranoside(12),vasicol(13) and vasicinone(14). Among them,1 was a new compound,and 2 and 10 were obtained as natural products for the first time.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio/análise , Peganum/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Sementes/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Extratos Vegetais/química
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