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1.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(9): 966-976, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257308

RESUMO

Honokiol, a biphenolic neolignan isolated from Magnolia officinalis, was reported to have a promising anti-inflammatory activity for the treatment of various diseases. There are many efforts on the synthesis and structure-activity relationship of honokiol derivatives. However, regioselective O-alkylation of honokiol remains a challenge and serves as a tool to provide not only some derivatives but also chemical probes for target identification and mode of action. In this study, we examined the reaction condition for regioselective O-alkylation, in which C2 and C4'-alkylated analogs of honokiol were synthesized and evaluated for inhibitory activity on nitric oxide production and cyclooxygenase-2 expression. Furthermore, we successfully synthesized a potential photoaffinity probe consisting of biotin and benzophenone based on a C4'-alkylated derivative.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Lignanas/farmacologia , Alquilação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/síntese química , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/síntese química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lignanas/síntese química , Lignanas/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Células RAW 264.7 , Estereoisomerismo
2.
Life Sci ; 232: 116561, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247208

RESUMO

AIMS: The poor prognosis of ovarian cancer is mainly caused by chemotherapy resistance. Studies show that the Bcl-2 inhibitor ABT737 can significantly improve the effect of cisplatin and induce mitochondrial pathway apoptosis. However, the mechanism of ABT737 increases sensitivity to cisplatin by regulating mitochondrial function remains unclear in ovarian cancer cells. Sirt3, as a histone deacetylase, is involved in the regulation of mitochondrial function in cancers. In this study, we intend to explore the mechanistic link between Sirt3 and mitochondrial dysfunction induced by ABT737 and cisplatin in ovarian cancer cells. MAIN METHODS: Apoptosis was examined by flow cytometry following Annexin V and PI staining. Sirt3 activity was assessed using Sirt3 deacetylase fluorometric assay. The mitochondrial membrane potential was examined by flow cytometry following JC-1 staining. Overexpression and knock-down of Sirt3 were confirmed by western blot analysis. Mitochondrial fission/fusion dynamics were detected by immunofluorescence staining or western blot analysis. KEY FINDINGS: Cisplatin accompanied with ABT737 promoted apoptosis and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential. ABT737 enhanced the sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin, which was partly achieved by activating Sirt3 to regulate the mitochondrial fission process. SIGNIFICANCE: This study identified the activation of Sirt3 played an important role in increasing sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin induced by ABT737. Furthermore, Sirt3 might represent a potential therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Nitrofenóis/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Sirtuína 3/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cisplatino/metabolismo , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Dinâmica Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/fisiopatologia , Ovário/metabolismo , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Chem Biol Interact ; 309: 108723, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228469

RESUMO

Ischemic preconditioning and pharmacological preconditioning are common strategies to prevent lethal myocardial injury, especially nutritional preconditioning (NPC). In this study, we investigated the effects of astragaloside IV (Ast), as an NPC agent, on myocardium suffered anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) injury. Rats received 5 mg/kg Ast daily for 3 weeks by intragastric administration. Then, hearts were harvested and underwent A/R treatment using a Langendorff apparatus. Ast- pretreatment significantly promoted functional recovery of the myocardium, reduced infarct size, and oxidative stress, and decreased the apoptotic index. Similar findings were demonstrated in H9c2 cardiomyocytes that were pretreated with Ast for 24 h. Moreover, Ast-pretreatment significantly upregulated Bcl-2 expression, especially in mitochondria. The effects of Ast treatment against A/R injury were also reflected by increased antioxidant potential, inhibited reactive oxygen species (ROS) burst, increased oxygen consumption rate, maintained mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), inhibited mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening, and prevented apoptosis. Selective inhibition of Bcl-2 by ABT-737 decreased myocardial injury protection of Ast. Ast-pretreatment resulted in NPC- related effects against A/R, and mitochondria may be the target of a cascade of events elicited by upregulating Bcl-2 expression, promoting translocation of Bcl-2 into mitochondria, maintaining MMP, inhibiting ROS bursts, thereby leading to recovery of mitochondrial respiration, preventing mPTP opening, decreasing cytochrome C release, preventing apoptosis, and ultimately alleviating myocardial injury.


Assuntos
Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Saponinas/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/uso terapêutico , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocromos c/metabolismo , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Nitrofenóis/farmacologia , Nitrofenóis/uso terapêutico , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
4.
Am J Chin Med ; 47(4): 895-912, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091975

RESUMO

In children, neuroblastomas are the most common and deadly solid tumor. Our previous studies showed that honokiol can cross the blood-brain barrier and kill neuroblastoma cells. In this study, we further evaluated if exposure to honokiol for short periods could induce autophagy and subsequent apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells and possible mechanisms. Exposure of neuroblastoma neuro-2a cells to honokiol for 24 h induced morphological shrinkage and cell death. As to the mechanisms, honokiol consecutively induced cytochrome c release from mitochondria, caspase-3 activation, DNA fragmentation and cell apoptosis. Separately, honokiol time-dependently augmented the proportion of autophagic cells and the ratio of light chain 3 (LC3)-II/LC3-I. Pretreatment of neuro-2a cells with 3-methyladenine, an inhibitor of autophagy, attenuated honokiol-induced cell autophagy, caspase-3 activation, DNA damage and cell apoptosis. In contrast, stimulation of autophagy by rapamycin, an inducer of autophagy, significantly enhanced honokiol-induced cell apoptosis. Furthermore, honokiol-induced autophagic apoptosis was confirmed in neuroblastoma NB41A3 cells. Knocking down translation of p53 using RNA interference attenuated honokiol-induced autophagy and apoptosis in neuro-2a and NB41A3 cells. Taken together, this study showed that at early periods, honokiol can induce autophagic apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells through activating a p53-dependent mechanism. Consequently, honokiol has the potential to be a therapeutic option for neuroblastomas.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Neuroblastoma/genética , Neuroblastoma/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Caspase 3/genética , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
5.
Chem Biol Interact ; 307: 82-90, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31047918

RESUMO

Honokiol (HKL) is a natural low-molecular-weight biphenolic compound derived from the bark of magnolia trees. Previous studies indicate that HKL exerts potent cardioprotective effects on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury; however, evidence of the further relationship between HKL posttreatment and myocardial I/R injury has not been clearly found. In our study, we explored the protective effect of HKL post treatment on myocardial I/R injury in C57BL/6 mice. We also demonstrated that HKL significantly reduced cellular reactive oxygen species production and attenuated mitochondrial damage in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). In addition, HKL was found to enhance autophagy during I/R or H/R; these effects could be partially blocked by the autophagic flux inhibitor chloroquine. Moreover, our results suggested that enhanced autophagic flux is associated with the Akt signaling pathway. Collectively, our results indicate that HKL posttreatment alleviates myocardial I/R injury and suggest a critical cardioprotective role of HKL in promoting autophagic flux.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Compostos de Bifenilo/uso terapêutico , Lignanas/uso terapêutico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Cloroquina/farmacologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Life Sci ; 230: 97-103, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129139

RESUMO

AIM: Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is the most frequent cause of drug-induced liver damage. Magnolia officinalis is a traditional hepatoprotective Chinese medicine and Honokiol (HO) is the major active constituent. The present study was to investigate the effect of HO on APAP-induced hepatotoxicity and related mechanisms. MAIN METHODS: Four groups of mice were subjected to treatment as vehicle, APAP, APAP + HO and APAP + HO + NRF2 inhibitor. The morphological and biochemical assessments were used to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects. The extent of APAP-protein adducts was determined through evaluate the hepatic content 3­(cystein­S­yl)acetaminophen (APAP-Cys), the hydrolysis products of APAP-protein adducts. The activities of CYP2E1, CYP1A2 and CYP3A4 were evaluated by cocktail incubation, and the protein expression levels of NRF2, GCLC, GCLM, GS and GST were evaluated by western blot analysis. KEY FINDINGS: Morphological and biochemical assessments clearly demonstrated that HO could alleviate APAP-induced liver damage. The hepatoprotective effect of HO was positively associated with the reduction of APAP-protein adducts. Further investigation suggested that HO induced inhibition of CYP 2E1 and CYP2A1 as well as upregulation of GSH co-contributed to the reduction of APAP-protein adducts. Furthermore, HO induced activations of NRF2 and its target enzymes, such as GCLC, GCLM and GST, gave rise to the upregulation of GSH. SIGNIFICANCE: Our results suggested that HO could alleviate APAP-induced liver damage through reducing the generation of APAP-protein adducts, which might be mediated by inhibiting the activity of CYP 2E1 and CYP2A1 as well as enhancing the generation of GSH via NRF2 pathway.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Lignanas/farmacologia , Acetaminofen/efeitos adversos , Acetaminofen/farmacologia , Animais , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Lignanas/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Planta Med ; 85(11-12): 925-933, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127604

RESUMO

A fluorometric imaging plate reader (FLIPR) assay utilizing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably transfected with GABAA receptors of α 1 ß 2 γ 2 subunit composition was evaluated and validated for rapid screening of plant extract libraries and efficient localization of active compounds in extracts. Validation was performed with pure compounds and extracts known to contain allosteric GABAA receptor modulators. Plants extracts that had been previously reported as active in an assay using Xenopus laevis oocytes transiently expressing GABAA receptors of α 1 ß 2 γ 2 subunit composition were also active in the FLIPR assay. A protocol for HPLC-based activity profiling was developed, whereby separations of 0.4 - 1.2 mg of extracts on an analytical HPLC column were found to be sufficient for the sensitivity of the bioassay. The protocol successfully localized the activity of known GABAergic natural products, such as magnolol in Magnolia officinalis, valerenic acid in Valeriana officinalis, and piperine in Piper nigrum extract. EC50 values of compounds (magnolol: 4.81 ± 1.0 µM, valerenic acid: 12.56 ± 1.2 µM, and piperine: 5.76 ± 0.7 µM) were found to be comparable or lower than those reported using Xenopus oocyte assays.


Assuntos
Fluorometria/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Receptores de GABA-A/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Animais , Benzodioxóis/farmacologia , Bioensaio/métodos , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Células CHO , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cricetulus , Indenos/farmacologia , Lignanas/farmacologia , Magnolia/química , Oócitos/metabolismo , Piper nigrum/química , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Valeriana/química , Xenopus laevis
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(9)2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075962

RESUMO

This study focuses on the effect of honokiol (HON) on glucose homeostasis, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hepatic steatosis, and inflammation in type 2 diabetic db/db mice. Male C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice were fed a normal diet with or without HON (0.02%, w/w) or pioglitazone (PIO, anti-diabetic agent, 0.01%, w/w) for 5 weeks. Blood biomarker, tissue morphology and enzymatic and genetic parameters were determined. PIO significantly decreased food intake, fasting blood glucose, and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, but markedly increased body weight, adipose tissue weight, and plasma leptin levels. HON did not significantly affect food intake, body weight, or levels of plasma leptin and blood glucose. However, HON led to significant decreases in adipose tissue weight, plasma insulin, blood HbA1c and HOMA-IR levels and improved glucose tolerance. The anti-diabetic and anti-adiposity effects of HON were partially related to the inhibition of gluconeogenic enzymes and their mRNA expression in the liver; and the inhibition of lipogenic enzymes in adipose tissue, respectively. Unlike PIO, HON did not affect dyslipidemia, but ameliorated hepatic steatosis by inhibiting hepatic lipogenic enzymes activity. Moreover, HON exhibited anti-inflammatory effects similar to PIO. These results suggest that HON can protect against type 2 diabetes by improving insulin resistance, glucose and lipid metabolism, and inflammation.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado Gorduroso/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Resistência à Insulina , Lignanas/uso terapêutico , Tecido Adiposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Animais , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Glicemia/metabolismo , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/complicações , Fígado Gorduroso/sangue , Fígado Gorduroso/complicações , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Comportamento Alimentar/efeitos dos fármacos , Homeostase/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/patologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Leptina/sangue , Lignanas/farmacologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 19(11): 914-926, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PIM-1 is a kinase which has been related to the oncogenic processes like cell survival, proliferation, and multidrug resistance (MDR). This kinase is known for its ability to phosphorylate the main extrusion pump (ABCB1) related to the MDR phenotype. OBJECTIVE: In the present work, we tested a new mechanistic insight on the AZD1208 (PIM-1 specific inhibitor) under interaction with chemotherapy agents such as Daunorubicin (DNR) and Vincristine (VCR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to verify a potential cytotoxic effect based on pharmacological synergism, two MDR cell lines were used: Lucena (resistant to VCR) and FEPS (resistant to DNR), both derived from the K562 non-MDR cell line, by MTT analyses. The activity of Pgp was ascertained by measuring accumulation and the directional flux of Rh123. Furthermore, we performed a molecular docking simulation to delve into the molecular mechanism of PIM-1 alone, and combined with chemotherapeutic agents (VCR and DNR). RESULTS: Our in vitro results have shown that AZD1208 alone decreases cell viability of MDR cells. However, co-exposure of AZD1208 and DNR or VCR reverses this effect. When we analyzed the ABCB1 activity AZD1208 alone was not able to affect the pump extrusion. Differently, co-exposure of AZD1208 and DNR or VCR impaired ABCB1 activity, which could be explained by compensatory expression of abcb1 or other extrusion pumps not analyzed here. Docking analysis showed that AZD1208 is capable of performing hydrophobic interactions with PIM-1 ATP- binding-site residues with stronger interaction-based negative free energy (FEB, kcal/mol) than the ATP itself, mimicking an ATP-competitive inhibitory pattern of interaction. On the same way, VCR and DNR may theoretically interact at the same biophysical environment of AZD1208 and also compete with ATP by the PIM-1 active site. These evidences suggest that AZD1208 may induce pharmacodynamic interaction with VCR and DNR, weakening its cytotoxic potential in the ATP-binding site from PIM-1 observed in the in vitro experiments. CONCLUSION: Finally, the current results could have a pre-clinical relevance potential in the rational polypharmacology strategies to prevent multiple-drugs resistance in human leukemia cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda/enzimologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-pim-1/antagonistas & inibidores , Tiazolidinas/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Leucemia Eritroblástica Aguda/patologia , Conformação Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-pim-1/metabolismo , Tiazolidinas/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
10.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 8(1): 707-716, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119985

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the most serious human pathogens. α-Hemolysin (Hla) secreted by S. aureus is a key toxin for various infections. We herein report that Honokiol, a natural plant polyphenol, inhibits the secretion and hemolytic activity of staphylococcal Hla with concomitant growth inhibition of S. aureus and protection of S. aureus-mediated cell injury within subinhibitory concentrations. In parallel, Honokiol attenuates the staphylococcal Hla-induced inflammatory response by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation in vitro and in vivo. Consequently, the biologically active forms of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and IL-18 are reduced significantly in response to Honokiol in mice infected with S. aureus. Experimentally, we confirm that Honokiol binds to monomeric Hla with a modest affinity without impairing its oligomerization. Based on molecular docking analyses in silico, we make a theoretical discovery that Honokiol is located outside of the triangular region of monomeric Hla. The binding model restricts the function of the residues related to membrane channel formation, which leads to the functional disruption of the assembled membrane channel. This research creates a new paradigm for developing therapeutic agents against staphylococcal Hla-mediated infections.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Hemolisinas/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lignanas/administração & dosagem , Receptores de Superfície Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Células A549 , Animais , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Toxinas Bacterianas/toxicidade , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas Hemolisinas/toxicidade , Histocitoquímica , Humanos , Lignanas/metabolismo , Lignanas/farmacologia , Fígado/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Infecções Estafilocócicas/patologia , Staphylococcus aureus/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Eur J Med Chem ; 172: 109-130, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30959322

RESUMO

Fluoroquinolones substituted with N-1 biphenyl and napthyl groups were discovered to act as catalytically inhibitors of human topoisomerases I and II, and to possess anti-proliferative activity in vivo. Structural requirements for these novel quinolones to inhibit catalytic activity of human topoisomerase I have not been explored. In this work novel derivatives of the N-1 biphenyl fluoroquinolone were designed, synthesized and evaluated to understand structural requirements of the C-3 carboxylic acid, C-6 fluorine, C-7 aminomethylpyrrolidine, C-8 methoxy, and the N-1 biphenyl functional groups for hTopoI inhibition. Characterization of each analog for inhibition of hTopoI catalytic inhibition reveals critical insight into structural requirements of these novel quinolones for activity. Additionally, results of DNA binding and modeling studies suggest that N-1 biphenyl fluoroquinolones intercalate between the DNA base pairs with the N-1 biphenyl functional group, rather than the quinolone core, and that this mode of DNA intercalation contributes to inhibition of hTopoI by these novel structures. The results presented here support further development and evaluation of N-1 biphenyl fluoroquinolone analogs as a novel class of anti-cancer agents that act through catalytic inhibition of hTopoI.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/metabolismo , Fluoroquinolonas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/síntese química , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Fluoroquinolonas/síntese química , Fluoroquinolonas/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/síntese química , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/química
12.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 128: 89-96, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946873

RESUMO

Defatted-sesame meal (DSM), a byproduct of sesame oil, has attracted considerable interest in the food industry because of its strong antioxidant activity. The aim of this study was to measure the content and distribution of lignans in DSM and evaluate their antioxidant activity after thermal processing and in vitro digestion. The results showed that the sesame lignans (SL) content and antioxidant activity were significantly influenced by the temperature and time during thermal preparation, and the maximum antioxidant potency composite index (ACI) was obtained after roasting the samples at 240 °C for 20 min. As sesame seed was processed with longer time and higher temperature, more pinoresinol diglucoside (PD) and sesamol were measured in DSM. According to the correlation matrix under thermal preparation, a significant contribution to the antioxidant potency of DSM was discovered. After in vitro digestion, the release amount of lignans increased by 19.6%, and the values of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and ACI gradually declined after digestion, with a 40% decrease in both the DPPH radical scavenging activity and the ACI from oral to intestinal phase. These results could be used to help improve the bioavailability of SL and obtaining high quality sesame byproducts.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Temperatura Alta , Sementes/metabolismo , Sesamum/embriologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Hidrólise , Técnicas In Vitro , Lignanas/metabolismo , Lignanas/farmacologia , Modelos Biológicos , Picratos/farmacologia
13.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 29(4): 538-547, 2019 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30939634

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of two well-known natural antioxidants vitamin C (VC) and vitamin E (VE) on the antifungal activity of honokiol against Candida albicans. The broth microdilution method was employed to test the antifungal activities of honokiol with or without antioxidants in the medium against C. albicans strain. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation were determined by fluorescence staining assay. Mitochondrial dysfunction was assessed by detecting the mitochondrial DNA and the mitochondrial membrane potential. We observed that VC could significantly potentiate the antifungal activities of honokiol while VE reduced the effectiveness of honokiol against C. albicans. In addition, VC accelerated honokiol-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and inhibited glycolysis leading to a decrease in cellular ATP. However, VE could protect against mitochondrial membrane lipid peroxidation and rescue mitochondrial function after honokiol treatment. Our research provides new insight into the understanding of the action mechanism of honokiol and VC combination against C. albicans.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Ácido Ascórbico/antagonistas & inibidores , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Antagonismo de Drogas , Lignanas/farmacologia , Vitamina E/antagonistas & inibidores , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Candida albicans/citologia , DNA Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA Mitocondrial/isolamento & purificação , Gliceraldeído-3-Fosfato Desidrogenase (Fosforiladora)/metabolismo , Glicólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
14.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1844, 2019 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015445

RESUMO

Lentiviruses have evolved to acquire an auxiliary protein Vpx to counteract the intrinsic host restriction factor SAMHD1. Although Vpx is phosphorylated, it remains unclear whether such phosphorylation indeed regulates its activity toward SAMHD1. Here we identify the PIM family of serine/threonine protein kinases as the factors responsible for the phosphorylation of Vpx and the promotion of Vpx-mediated SAMHD1 counteraction. Integrated proteomics and subsequent functional analysis reveal that PIM family kinases, PIM1 and PIM3, phosphorylate HIV-2 Vpx at Ser13 and stabilize the interaction of Vpx with SAMHD1 thereby promoting ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis of SAMHD1. Inhibition of the PIM kinases promotes the antiviral activity of SAMHD1, ultimately reducing viral replication. Our results highlight a new mode of virus-host cell interaction in which host PIM kinases facilitate promotion of viral infectivity by counteracting the host antiviral system, and suggest a novel therapeutic strategy involving restoration of SAMHD1-mediated antiviral response.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/imunologia , HIV-2/imunologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-pim-1/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Proteína 1 com Domínio SAM e Domínio HD/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais Reguladoras e Acessórias/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células HEK293 , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Humanos , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Tolerância Imunológica , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Monócitos , Fosforilação/imunologia , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligação Proteica/imunologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/efeitos dos fármacos , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/imunologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/imunologia , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteômica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/imunologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-pim-1/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-pim-1/imunologia , Piridazinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Proteína 1 com Domínio SAM e Domínio HD/química , Proteína 1 com Domínio SAM e Domínio HD/imunologia , Serina/metabolismo , Tiazolidinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Virais Reguladoras e Acessórias/química , Proteínas Virais Reguladoras e Acessórias/isolamento & purificação , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Replicação Viral/imunologia
15.
Plant Dis ; 103(6): 1112-1118, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30995420

RESUMO

Cherry leaf spot (CLS), caused by the fungus Blumeriella jaapii, is a major disease of tart cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) trees, leading to early defoliation that results in uneven ripening and poor fruit quality in the current season, reduced fruit set in the following season, and increased potential for winter injury and tree death. Pristine (BASF Corporation, Research Triangle Park, NC), a commonly used fungicide for CLS management in Michigan, is a premix of boscalid, a succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor, and pyraclostrobin, a quinone outside inhibitor. Reduced efficacy of Pristine for CLS control was observed in field trials and commercial orchards and highlights the importance of fungicide resistance monitoring. A total of 1,189 isolates from 31 commercial orchards in Michigan, 111 isolates from nontreated trees (four locations in Michigan and two locations in Ohio), and 133 isolates from a research orchard were collected during 2010, 2011, and 2012 and assayed on boscalid-amended media at concentrations ranging from 0 to 25 µg ml-1. Because of the very slow growth rate of B. jaapii in culture, we determined the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of boscalid as opposed to the effective concentration that inhibits mycelial growth to 50% of the control. Isolates from nontreated trees had MIC values ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 µg ml-1; the MIC of isolates from commercial orchards ranged from 0.1 to >25 µg ml-1, and isolates from the research orchard ranged from 2.5 to >25 µg ml-1. Isolates with MIC values ≥25 µg ml-1 were considered boscalid resistant and comprised 0% of the nontreated isolates, 30.4% of the commercial isolates, and 42.1% of the research orchard isolates. Sequencing of the sdhB gene of resistant isolates led to the detection of the amino acid mutation H260R, which is known to confer boscalid resistance in other phytopathogenic fungi. Our results indicate that the occurrence of the H260R mutation in Michigan populations of B. jaapii is correlated with the reduction in sensitivity to boscalid observed in commercial orchards.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Compostos de Bifenilo , Farmacorresistência Fúngica , Niacinamida/análogos & derivados , Ascomicetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ascomicetos/genética , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Fúngica/genética , Genes Fúngicos/genética , Michigan , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Niacinamida/farmacologia , Ohio , Prunus/microbiologia
16.
Virol Sin ; 34(3): 315-323, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915606

RESUMO

Honokiol is a pleiotropic natural compound isolated from Magnolia and has multiple biological and clinically relevant effects, including anticancer and antimicrobial function. However, the antiviral activity of honokiol has not yet been well studied. Here we showed that honokiol had no effect on herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) entry, but inhibited HSV-1 viral DNA replication, gene expression and the production of new progeny viruses. The combination of honokiol and clinical drug acyclovir augmented inhibition of HSV-1 infection. Our results illustrate that honokiol could be a potential new candidate for clinical consideration in the treatment of HSV-1 infection alone or combination with other therapeutics.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Herpesvirus Humano 1/efeitos dos fármacos , Lignanas/farmacologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Aciclovir/farmacologia , Animais , Cercopithecus aethiops , Replicação do DNA , Genoma Viral , Herpesvirus Humano 1/fisiologia , Magnolia/química , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Células Vero
17.
Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; 209: 53-60, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30885306

RESUMO

Fatty acids are well known metabolic intermediaries but also have a role in the immune response. Long-chain fatty acids such as omega-6 and -9 activate neutrophil function through free fatty acid (FFA)-1 receptor in bovines. Although omega-3 has also been suggested to influence neutrophil function, the details remain unclear. The goal of this study was to determine the presence of the bovine FFA4 receptor and its effect on neutrophil responses. We treated bovine neutrophils with the natural and synthetic agonists of FFA4 receptor docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and TUG-891, respectively, and assessed oxidative and no oxidative response. We detected protein and mRNA FFA4 receptor expression through immunofluorescence, immunoblot, and RT-PCR analysis. DHA and TUG-891 both increased intracellular calcium mobilisation in bovine neutrophils, with 50% effective concentrations of 99 µM and 73 µM, respectively, which was partially reduced after treatment with the FFA4 antagonist AH7614. Furthermore, DHA and TUG-891 increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 granules release and superoxide production. AH7614 and the intracellular calcium chelator BAPTA-AM decreased the superoxide production induced by TUG-891 and by both DHA and TUG-891, respectively, suggesting a key role of intracellular calcium in FFA4 agonists-induced superoxide production. These results highlight an important mechanism of bovine neutrophil responses mediated via FFA4 receptor, which can further inform the development of new formulations for DHA-enriched feed supplements to enhance innate immunity in dairy cattle.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/farmacologia , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Fenilpropionatos/farmacologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Bovinos , Feminino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/agonistas
18.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 24: 15, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30833971

RESUMO

Background: Honokiol is a low-molecular-weight natural product and has been reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory activity. Objectives: Our study aimed to investigate the influence of honokiol on sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) in a mouse model. Material and methods: A cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) surgical operation was performed to establish a sepsis-induced acute kidney injury model in mice. Renal histomorphological analysis was performed with periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining. The levels of inflammatory markers in serum were measured by ELISA assay. The mRNA and protein levels were assayed by RT-qPCR and western blotting, respectively. Annexin V-FITC/PI staining was used to evaluate glomerular mesangial cell (GMC) apoptosis. Results: The results revealed that honokiol significantly increased the survival rate in mice undergoing a CLP operation. Inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß, were significantly inhibited in honokiol-treated septic mice compared with the CLP group. In addition, honokiol showed the ability to reverse CLP-induced AKI in septic mice. Furthermore, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression levels were significantly up-regulated and miR-218-5p was markedly down-regulated in honokiol-treated septic mice as compared to CLP-operated mice. Bioinformatics and experimental measurements showed that HO-1 was a direct target of miR-218-5p. In vitro experiments showed that both honokiol and miR-218-5p inhibitors blocked lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cell growth inhibition and GMC apoptosis by increasing the expression of HO-1. Conclusions: Honokiol ameliorated AKI in septic mice and LPS-induced GMC dysfunction, and the underlying mechanism was mediated, at least partially, through the regulation of miR-218-5p/HO-1 signaling.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Lignanas/farmacologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Sepse/complicações
19.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 8639618, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30918581

RESUMO

Background: The potential mechanism of postoperative cognitive impairment is still largely unclear. The activation of NLRP3 inflammasome had been reported to be involved in neurodegenerative diseases, including postoperative cognitive change, and is closely related to mitochondrial ROS and mitophagy. Honokiol (HNK) owns multiple organic protective effects. This study is aimed at observing the neuroprotective effect of HNK in postoperative cognitive change and examining the role of HNK in the regulation of mitophagy and the relationship between these effects and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in mice induced by surgery/anesthesia. Methods: In this study, mice were divided into several groups: control group, surgery group, surgery+HNK group, and surgery+HNK+3-methyladenine (3-MA) group. Hippocampal tissue samples were harvested and used for proinflammatory cytokines, mitochondrial ROS, and malondialdehyde (MDA) assay. The process of mitophagy and the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome were observed by Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and transmission electron microscopy. Results: The results showed that HNK treatment obviously recovered the postoperative decline and enhanced the expressions of LC3-II, Beclin-1, Parkin, and PINK1 at protein levels after surgery/sevoflurane treatment, which are both an autophagy marker and a mitophagy marker. In addition, HNK attenuated mitochondrial structure damage and reduced mtROS and MDA generation, which are closely associated with NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Honokiol-mediated mitophagy inhibited the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and neuroinflammation in the hippocampus. Using 3-MA, an autophagy inhibitor, the neuroprotective effects of HNK on mitophagy and NLRP3 inflammasome activation were eliminated. Conclusion: These results indicated that HNK-mediated mitophagy ameliorates postoperative cognitive impairment induced by surgery/sevoflurane. This neuroprotective effect may be involved in inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and suppressing inflammatory responses in the hippocampus.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo/uso terapêutico , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Lignanas/uso terapêutico , Degradação Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Sevoflurano/efeitos adversos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Giro Denteado/metabolismo , Giro Denteado/patologia , Feminino , Hipocampo/ultraestrutura , Lignanas/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/ultraestrutura , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
20.
Mar Drugs ; 17(3)2019 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30832418

RESUMO

Marine organisms produce an array of biologically active natural products, many of which have unique structures that have not been found in terrestrial organisms. Hence, marine algae provide a unique source of bioactive compounds. The present study investigated 19 marine algae and one seagrass collected from Torquay beach, Victoria, Australia. High-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) hyphenated with microchemical (DPPH•, p-anisaldehyde, and Fast Blue B) and biochemical (α-amylase and acetylcholine esterase (AChE) enzymatic) derivatizations was used to evaluate antioxidant activity, presence of phytosterols and phenolic lipids, α-amylase and AChE inhibitory activities of extract components. Significant α-amylase and AChE inhibitory activities were observed in samples 2, 6, 8 and 10. Antioxidant activities in the samples were found to be correlated to phytosterol content (R² = 0.78), but was not found to be related to either α-amylase or AChE inhibitory activities. α-Amylase inhibitory activities were correlated to AChE inhibition (R² = 0.77) and attributed to the phytosterol content, based on the similar peak position in the chromatograms with the ß-sitosterol chromatogram. Samples 1, 8, and especially sample 20, were found to contain phenolic lipids (alkyl resorcinol derivatives) with significant antioxidant activities. The results suggest that these marine species have a significant number of bioactive compounds that warrant further investigation.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Alga Marinha/química , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Austrália , Produtos Biológicos/química , Produtos Biológicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/isolamento & purificação , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Inibidores da Colinesterase/química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Cromatografia em Camada Delgada/métodos , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Fitosteróis/química , Fitosteróis/isolamento & purificação , Fitosteróis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores , alfa-Amilases/metabolismo
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