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1.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e117, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939498

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Brazilian propolis on the cell viability, mineralization, anti-inflammatory ability, and migration of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). The cell viability was evaluated with CCK-8 kit after 1, 5, 7, and 9 days. The deposition of calcified matrix and the expression of osteogenesis-related genes were evaluated by Alizarin Red staining and real-time PCR after incubation in osteogenic medium for 21 days. The expression of inflammation-related genes in cells was determined after exposure to 1 µg/mL LPS for 3 h. Finally, the numbers of cells that migrated through the permeable membranes were compared during 15 h. Propolis and MTA significantly increased the viability of hDPCscompared to the control group on days 7 and 9. In the propolis group, significant enhancement of osteogenic potential and suppressed expression of IL-1ß and IL-6 was observed after LPS exposure compared to the MTA and control groups. The number of migration cells in the propolis group was similar to that of the control group, while MTA significantly promoted cell migration. Propolis showed comparable cell viability to that of MTA and exhibited significantly higher anti-inflammatory and mineralization promotion effects on hDPCs.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxidos/farmacologia , Própole/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacologia , Antraquinonas , Brasil , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-6/análise , Odontoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
2.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190215, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939521

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the angiogenesis-enhancing potential of a tricalcium silicate-based mineral trioxide aggregate (ProRoot MTA), Biodentine, and a novel bioceramic root canal sealer (Well-Root ST) in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs), human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPLSCs), and human tooth germ stem cells (hTGSCs). METHODOLOGY: Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium was conditioned for 24 h by exposure to ProRoot MTA, Biodentine, or Well-Root ST specimens (prepared according to the manufacturers' instructions). The cells were cultured in these conditioned media and their viability was assessed with 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxy-methoxy-phenyl)-2-(4-sulfo-phenyl)-2H tetrazolium (MTS) on days 1, 3, 7, 10, and 14. Angiogenic growth factors [platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)] were assayed by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on days 1, 7, and 14. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) migration assays were used to evaluate the vascular effects of the tested materials at 6-8 h. Statistical analyses included Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and Friedman and Wilcoxon signed rank tests. RESULTS: None of tricalcium silicate-based materials were cytotoxic and all induced a similar release of angiogenic growth factors (PDGF, FGF-2, and VEGF) (p>0.05). The best cell viability was observed for hDPSCs (p<0.05) with all tricalcium silicate-based materials at day 14. Tube formation by HUVECs showed a significant increase with all tested materials (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The tricalcium silicate-based materials showed potential for angiogenic stimulation of all stem cell types and significantly enhanced tube formation by HUVECs.


Assuntos
Indutores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Cerâmica/farmacologia , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacologia , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/análise , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Citometria de Fluxo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligamento Periodontal/citologia , Ligamento Periodontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/análise , Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Germe de Dente/citologia , Germe de Dente/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/análise , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190023, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800871

RESUMO

When exposure of the pulp to external environment occurs, reparative dentinogenesis can be induced by direct pulp capping to maintain pulp tissue vitality and function. These clinical situations require the use of materials that induce dentin repair and, subsequently, formation of a mineralized tissue. OBJECTIVE: This work aims to assess the effect of tricalcium silicate cements and mineral trioxide aggregate cements, including repairing dentin formation and inflammatory reactions over time after pulp exposure in Wistar rats. METHODOLOGY: These two biomaterials were compared with positive control groups (open cavity with pulp tissue exposure) and negative control groups (no intervention). The evaluations were performed in three stages; three, seven and twenty-one days, and consisted of an imaging (nuclear medicine) and histological evaluation (H&E staining, immunohistochemistry and Alizarin Red S). RESULTS: The therapeutic effect of these biomaterials was confirmed. Nuclear medicine evaluation demonstrated that the uptake of 99mTc-Hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (HMDP) showed no significant differences between the different experimental groups and the control, revealing the non-occurrence of differences in the phosphocalcium metabolism. The histological study demonstrated that in mineral trioxide aggregate therapies, the presence of moderate inflammatory infiltration was found after three days, decreasing during follow-ups. The formation of mineralized tissue was only verified at 21 days of follow-up. The tricalcium silicate therapies demonstrated the presence of a slight inflammatory infiltration on the third day, increasing throughout the follow-up. The formation of mineralized tissue was observed in the seventh follow-up day, increasing over time. CONCLUSIONS: The mineral trioxide aggregate (WhiteProRoot®MTA) and tricalcium silicate (Biodentine™) present slight and reversible inflammatory signs in the pulp tissue, with the formation of mineralized tissue. However, the exacerbated induction of mineralized tissue formation with the tricalcium silicate biomaterial may lead to the formation of pulp calcifications.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxidos/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacologia , Animais , Polpa Dentária/patologia , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária/métodos , Exposição da Polpa Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Exposição da Polpa Dentária/patologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/análise , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Odontoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfoproteínas/análise , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia/farmacologia , Pulpite/tratamento farmacológico , Pulpite/patologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sialoglicoproteínas/análise , Fatores de Tempo
4.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190105, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800873

RESUMO

Calcium aluminate cement (CAC) has been highlighted as a promising alternative for endodontic use aiming at periapical tissue repair. However, its effects on dental pulp cells have been poorly explored. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the impact of calcium chloride (CaCl2) and bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) or zinc oxide (ZnO) additives on odontoblast cell response to CAC. METHODOLOGY: MDPC-23 cells were exposed for up to 14 d: 1) CAC with 2.8% CaCl2 and 25% ZnO (CACz); 2) CAC with 2.8% CaCl2 and 25% Bi2O3 (CACb); 3) CAC with 10% CaCl2 and 25% Bi2O3 (CACb+); or 4) mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), placed on inserts. Non-exposed cultures served as control. Cell morphology, cell viability, gene expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP-1), ALP activity, and extracellular matrix mineralization were evaluated. Data were compared using ANOVA (α=5%). RESULTS: Lower cell density was detected only for MTA and CACb+ compared with Control, with areas showing reduced cell spreading. Cell viability was similar among groups at days one and three (p>0.05). CACb+ and MTA showed the lowest cell viability values at day seven (p>0.05). CACb and CACb+ promoted higher ALP and BSP expression compared with CACz (p<0.05); despite that, all cements supported ALP activity. Matrix mineralization were enhanced in CACb+ and MTA. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, CAC with Bi2O3, but not with ZnO, supported the expression of odontoblastic phenotype, but only the composition with 10% CaCl2 promoted mineralized matrix formation, rendering it suitable for dentin-pulp complex repair.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/química , Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Cimentos Dentários/química , Cimentos Dentários/farmacologia , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatase Alcalina/análise , Fosfatase Alcalina/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bismuto/química , Bismuto/farmacologia , Cloreto de Cálcio/química , Cloreto de Cálcio/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Combinação de Medicamentos , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Materiais , Camundongos , Odontoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxidos/química , Óxidos/farmacologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Silicatos/química , Silicatos/farmacologia , Fatores de Tempo , Óxido de Zinco/química , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia
5.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 184-192, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Slight acidic electrolyzed water (SAEW) has been widely used in cleaning systems of fruit and vegetables. It strongly reduces microbial contamination. However, no information is available on whether SAEW offers the potential for fresh jujube cleaning. The purposes of this study were, first, to compare the effectiveness of SAEW with commercial sanitizers (i.e. sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) or calcium hypochlorite (Ca(ClO)2 )) on 'Jiancui' jujube; second, to determine the response of fruit decay, tissue calcium (Ca) content, and quality attributes to dip application of calcium nitrate (Ca(NO3 )2 ) by concentration; and third, to investigate the effects of SAEW combined with Ca(NO3 )2 or calcium acetate (Ca(OAc)2 )) on fruit Ca uptake, quality attributes, and bioactive compounds. RESULTS: Fruits washed with NaClO, Ca(ClO)2 , or an SAEW solution showed no difference in reduction of decay incidence. In contrast to NaClO treatment, SAEW or Ca(ClO)2 significantly retarded losses in fruit firmness (FF), green color (hue angle), and skin lightness (L*), and maintained intact pericarp tissue structure during storage at 1 °C. Application of Ca(NO3 )2 at 5-10 g L-1 effectively promoted Ca2+ uptake and minimized declines in FF and L* value but had no effect on decay development. Adding 10 g L-1 Ca(NO3 )2 or Ca(OAc)2 to SAEW provided an additional benefit in increasing decay resistance, increasing Ca2+ into fruit and increasing levels of bioactive compounds in jujube fruit. CONCLUSION: SAEW in combination with Ca(NO3 )2 or Ca(OAc)2 has commercial potential for fresh jujube disinfection and improving storage quality as a result of the cleaning processes. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Acetatos/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Cálcio/análise , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Conservantes de Alimentos/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Nitratos/farmacologia , Ziziphus/efeitos dos fármacos , Eletrólise , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Frutas/efeitos dos fármacos , Controle de Qualidade , Água/química , Ziziphus/química
6.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180693, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596370

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the sealing ability and biocompatibility of Biodentine with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) when used as root-end filling materials. METHODOLOGY: The Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to compare the cytotoxicity of MTA and Biodentine. Twenty-one extracted teeth with a single canal were immersed in an acidic silver nitrate solution after root-end filling. Then, the volume and depth of silver nitrate that infiltrated the apical portion of the teeth were analyzed using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Seventy-two roots from 3 female beagle dogs were randomly distributed into 3 groups and apical surgery was performed. After six months, the volume of the bone defect surrounding these roots was analyzed using micro-CT. RESULTS: Based on the results of the CCK-8 assay, MTA and Biodentine did not show statistically significant differences in cytotoxicity (P>0.05). The volume and the depth of the infiltrated nitrate solution were greater in the MTA group than in the Biodentine group (P<0.05). The volume of the bone defect was larger in the MTA group than in the Biodentine group. However, the difference was not significant (P>0.05). The volumes of the bone defects in the MTA and Biodentine groups were smaller than the group without any filling materials (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MTA and Biodentine exhibited comparable cellular biocompatibility. Biodentine showed a superior sealing ability to MTA in root-end filling. Both Biodentine and MTA promoted periradicular bone healing in beagle dog periradicular surgery models.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Óxidos/farmacologia , Tecido Periapical/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligamento Periodontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Silicatos/farmacologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Animais , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Contagem de Células , Células Cultivadas , Cães , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Periapical/citologia , Tecido Periapical/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamento Periodontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Adulto Jovem
7.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 104: 109887, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500024

RESUMO

Graphene-contained calcium silicate (CS)/polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffold (GCP) provides an alternative solution that can bring several bone formation properties, such as osteoinductive. This study finds out the optimal percentage of graphene additive to calcium silicate and polycaprolactone mixture for excellent in vitro and in vivo bone-regeneration ability, in addition, this scaffold could fabricate by 3D printing technology and demonstrates distinct mechanical, degradation, and biological behavior. With controlled structure and porosity by 3D printing, osteogenesis and proliferation capabilities of Wharton's Jelly derived mesenchymal stem cells (WJMSCs) were significantly enhanced when cultured on 3D printed GCP scaffolds. In this study, it was also discovered that fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) plays an active role in modulating differentiation behavior of WJMSCs cultured on GCP scaffolds. The validation has been proved by analyzed the decreased cell proliferation, osteogenic-related protein (ALP and OC), and angiogenic-related protein (VEGF and vWF) with FGFR knockdown on all experimental groups. Moreover, this study infers that the GCP scaffold could induce the effects of proliferation, differentiation and related protein expression on WJMSCs through FGFR pathway. In summary, this research indicated the 3D-printed GCP scaffolds own the dual bioactivities to reach the osteogenesis and vascularization for bone regeneration.


Assuntos
Indutores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Grafite/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Poliésteres/farmacologia , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Silicatos/farmacologia , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Porosidade , Impressão Tridimensional , Coelhos , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Tecidos Suporte , Geleia de Wharton/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 104: 109999, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499945

RESUMO

Chitosan (CTS) and mesoporous calcium silicate (MCS) have been developed for bone defect healing; however, their bone regeneration capacity still does not satisfy the patients with bone diseases. Gadolinium (Gd) is accumulated in human bones, and plays a beneficial role in regulating cell performance and bone regeneration. We firstly constructed Gd-doped MCS/CTS (Gd-MCS/CTS) scaffolds by a lyophilization technology. The interconnected arrangement of CTS films lead to forming macropores by using ice crystals as templates during the lyophilization procedure, and the Gd-MCS nanoparticles dispersed uniformly on the macropore walls. The biocompatible chemical components and hierarchical pores facilitated the attachment and spreading of rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs). Interestingly, the Gd dopants in the scaffolds effectively activated the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, resulting in excellent cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation capacities. The osteogenic-related genes such as alkaline phosphatase (ALP), runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) and collagen type1 (COL-1) were remarkably up-regulated by Gd-MCS scaffolds as compared with MCS scaffolds, and their expression levels increased in a positive correlation with Gd doping amounts. Moreover, in vivo rat cranial defect tests further confirmed that Gd-MCS/CTS scaffolds significantly stimulated collagen deposition and new bone formation. The exciting finding suggested the beneficial effects of Gd3+ ions on osteogenic differentiation and new bone regeneration, and Gd-MCS/CTS scaffolds can be employed as a novel platform for bone defect healing.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Gadolínio/química , Gadolínio/farmacologia , Silicatos/química , Silicatos/farmacologia , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Tecidos Suporte/química , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e060, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365705

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of hypertension on tissue response and biomineralization capacity of white Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA), High-plasticity MTA (MTA HP), and Biodentine® (BDT) in rats. Polyethylene tubes filled with MTA, MTA HP, BDT, and the control group (empty tubes) were placed into the dorsal subcutaneous tissue of 32 male rats (16 normotensive (NT) and 16 hypertensive rats - 8 per group). After 7 and 30 days, the polyethylene tubes surrounded by connective tissue were removed, fixed, and embedded in histological resin. The mean number of inflammatory cells was estimated in HE-stained sections, biomineralization was quantified as area (µm2) by Kossa (VK) staining, and examination by polarized light (LP) microscopy was performed. The differences amongst the groups were analyzed statistically by the Mann-Whitney or Student's t test, according to Shapiro-Wilk test of normality (p < 0.05). The inflammatory responses to all materials were greater in hypertensive rats than in NT rats (p < 0.05). Positive VK staining in MTA and BDT were more pronounced in NT rats at 7 and 30 days (p < 0.05). Birefringent structures in LP for MTA, MTA HP, and BDT were more pronounced in NT rats at 7 days (p<0.05). In rats, hypertension was able to increase inflammatory infiltrate and decrease biomineralization of the tested materials.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Biomineralização/fisiologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Óxidos/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacologia , Tela Subcutânea/efeitos dos fármacos , Tela Subcutânea/fisiopatologia , Animais , Combinação de Medicamentos , Hipertensão/complicações , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia de Polarização , Ratos Wistar , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tela Subcutânea/patologia , Fatores de Tempo
10.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180550, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365709

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the inflammatory cells, vascular density and IL-6 immunolabeled cells present in the pulp after pulpotomy with white MTA versus 15.5% ferric sulfate (FS). METHODOLOGY: Forty-eight mandibular first molars from 24 Wistar rats were divided into MTA or FS groups and subdivided according to the period after pulpotomy procedure (24, 48 and 72 hours). Four teeth (sound and untreated) were used as controls. Histological sections were obtained and assessed through the descriptive analysis of morphological aspects of pulp tissue and the quantification of inflammatory cells, vascular density and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression. Data were statistically analyzed (p<0.05). RESULTS: The number of inflammatory cells was similar in both groups, being predominantly localized at the cervical radicular third. In the MTA group, increased inflammation was observed at 48 hours. Vascular density was similar in both groups and over time, being predominant in the medium radicular third. No correlation was found between the number of inflammatory cells and the vascular density. Pulp tissue was more organized in MTA-treated teeth. In both groups, a weak to moderate IL-6 expression was detected in odontoblasts and inflammatory cells. Comparing both groups, there was a greater IL-6 expression in the cervical radicular third of teeth treated with MTA at 24 hours and in the medium and apical thirds at 72 hours, while in the FS group a greater IL-6 expression was found in the apical third at 24 hours. CONCLUSION: The MTA group presented better histological features and greater IL-6 expression than the FS group. However, no difference was observed between the groups regarding the inflammatory status and vascularization, suggesting the usefulness of FS as a low-cost alternative to MTA.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Compostos Férricos/farmacologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Interleucina-6/análise , Óxidos/farmacologia , Pulpotomia/efeitos adversos , Silicatos/farmacologia , Animais , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Polpa Dentária/patologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Masculino , Ratos Wistar , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 103: 109833, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349499

RESUMO

The different lineage-specific biological properties of articular cartilage and subchondral bone present a great challenge in the construction of bi-lineage scaffolds for simultaneous osteochondral regeneration. To overcome this challenge, strontium incorporated calcium silicate (Sr-CS) ceramic was prepared for bi-lineage formation of scaffolds in this study. The positive result of Sr-CS in the regeneration of osteochondral defects was first proven by its improved effect on the osteogenesis and chondrogenesis induction of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). After that, scaffold-mediated macrophage polarization between classically activated inflammatory macrophages (termed M1Ф) and alternatively activated inflammatory macrophages (termed M2Ф) was assayed to investigate whether the incorporation of Sr into calcium silicate could alter host-to-scaffold immune response. Furthermore, the interactions between Sr-CS pretreated macrophages and MSCs differentiation were performed to prove the enhancement effect of suppressed inflammatory response on osteogenesis and chondrogenesis. In vivo transplantation showed that the Sr-CS scaffolds distinctly improved the regeneration of cartilage and subchondral bone, as compared to the calcium silicate scaffolds. On the one hand, the mechanism attributes to enhancement of strontium on the osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs. On the other hand, the reason can partially be attributed to suppressed synovial inflammatory response, which has improved effects on enhancement of osteogenesis and chondrogenesis. These findings suggest that monophasic Sr-CS scaffolds with a bi-lineage conducive property and an inflammatory response regulatory property represents a viable strategy for simultaneous regeneration of osteochondral defects.


Assuntos
Condrogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores Imunológicos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/imunologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrôncio , Tecidos Suporte/química , Animais , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacocinética , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Condrogênese/imunologia , Fatores Imunológicos/química , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacocinética , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Osteogênese/imunologia , Coelhos , Silicatos/química , Silicatos/farmacocinética , Silicatos/farmacologia , Estrôncio/química , Estrôncio/farmacocinética , Estrôncio/farmacologia
12.
J Food Sci ; 84(8): 2190-2198, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313308

RESUMO

A new microbial decontamination system combining washing with a natural antimicrobial solution and coating with a carnauba wax (CW)-based antimicrobial coating was developed and its effects on mandarin storability were investigated. Mandarins were washed with an antimicrobial solution and/or coated with grapefruit seed extract-CW (GSE/CW). Values for the disease incidence of Penicillium digitatum in untreated mandarins; mandarins coated with GSE/CW without washing; and mandarins coated with GSE/CW after washing with a fumaric acid (FA) solution of slightly acidic electrolyzed water, a highly activated calcium oxide (CaO) aqueous solution, or CaO solution followed by FA solution were 96.0, 70.0, 78.8, 50.0, and 72.2%, respectively. GSE/CW coating after CaO washing was most effective in inhibiting P. digitatum growth during storage at 25 °C. Compared to untreated samples, GSE/CW coating alone or after CaO washing retained CO2 generation, firmness, and total polyphenol content of mandarins at 25 °C. Such treatments also effectively maintained mandarin pH, ascorbic acid concentration, and antioxidant capacity at both 4 and 25 °C. Moreover, GSE/CW coating after CaO washing more effectively inhibited P. digitatum growth at 25 °C and maintained ascorbic acid concentration and antioxidant capacity at 4 and 25 °C than GSE/CW coating alone. The microbial decontamination system integrating CaO washing and GSE/CW coating demonstrates potential for improving mandarin storability by inhibiting P. digitatum growth and improving the preservation of quality properties and sensory characteristics. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: This is the first study to develop a microbial decontamination system involving both washing with a natural antimicrobial solution and carnauba wax coating containing grapefruit seed extract to improve the storability of fruits. This system demonstrated a primary effect of inhibiting fungi that cause mandarin surface decay at 25 °C via the highly activated calcium oxide wash and secondary effects of delaying quality degradation and inhibiting fungal growth by the action of the antimicrobial coating. These effects led to improvements in mandarin storability, along with enhanced visual appeal while not affecting taste, flavor, or texture.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Citrus/microbiologia , Descontaminação/métodos , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Frutas/microbiologia , Óxidos/farmacologia , Citrus/química , Frutas/química , Penicillium/efeitos dos fármacos , Penicillium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Água/análise , Ceras/análise
13.
Dent Med Probl ; 56(2): 161-165, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endodontic sealers are essential for sealing gutta-percha to the dentin walls. They help to ensure that the canal remains free of microorganisms which might lead to infection. In order to perform their intended function, the sealers should properly adhere to the dentin walls and remain insoluble when set in the canal. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bond strength and solubility of a novel polydimethylsiloxane-gutta-percha calcium silicate-containing root canal sealer (GuttaFlow® bioseal) and compare it with the zinc oxide and eugenol sealer (Zical®). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The endodontic sealers used in this study were GuttaFlow bioseal and Zical. The bond strength was assessed using push-out bond strength test in 3 root segments: coronal, middle and apical. The solubility was tested according to the American National Standards Institute / American Dental Association (ANSI/ADA) specification No. 57 at 3 different time intervals: 1, 7 and 14 days. RESULTS: The push-out bond strength in all root segments was significantly higher in Zical compared to GuttaFlow bioseal. The solubility was significantly higher on day 1 and 7 in Zical compared to GuttaFlow bioseal, and on day 14, the difference between them was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, the endodontic sealer GuttaFlow bioseal showed low bond strength values compared to Zical. The solubility of the set GuttaFlow bioseal and Zical were both within the recommended ANSI/ADA levels.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Guta-Percha , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Silicatos , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacocinética , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Cavidade Pulpar , Dimetilpolisiloxanos , Resinas Epóxi , Guta-Percha/farmacocinética , Guta-Percha/farmacologia , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacocinética , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacocinética , Silicatos/farmacologia , Solubilidade , Estados Unidos
14.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 102: 341-361, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147007

RESUMO

Polycaprolactone (PCL), dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) and/or calcium silicates (CaSi) have been used to prepare highly porous scaffolds by thermally induced phase separation technique (TIPS). Three experimental mineral-doped formulations were prepared (PCL-10CaSi, PCL-5CaSi-5DCPD, PCL-10CaSi-10DCPD); pure PCL scaffolds constituted the control group. Scaffolds were tested for their chemical-physical and biological properties, namely thermal properties by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), mechanical properties by quasi-static parallel-plates compression testing, porosity by a standard water-absorption method calcium release, alkalinizing activity, surface microchemistry and micromorphology by Environmental Scanning electronic Microscopy (ESEM), apatite-forming ability in Hank Balanced Saline Solution (HBSS) by Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) and micro-Raman, and direct contact cytotoxicity. All mineral-doped scaffolds released calcium and alkalinized the soaking medium, which may favor a good biological (osteogenic) response. ESEM surface micromorphology analyses after soaking in HBSS revealed: pure PCL, PCL-10CaSi and PCL-10CaSi-10DCPD kept similar surface porosity percentages but different pore shape modifications. PCL-5CaSi-5DCPD revealed a significant surface porosity increase despite calcium phosphates nucleation (p < 0.05). Micro-Raman spectroscopy detected the formation of a B-type carbonated apatite (Ap) layer on the surface of PCL-10CaSi-10DCPD aged for 28 days in HBSS; a similar phase (but of lower thickness) formed also on PCL-5CaSi-5DCPD and PCL; the deposit formed on PCL-10CaSi was mainly composed of calcite. All PCL showed bulk open porosity higher than 94%; however, no relevant brittleness was observed in the materials, which retained the possibility to be handled without collapsing. The thermo-mechanical properties showed that the reinforcing and nucleating action of the inorganic fillers CaSi and DCPD improved viscoelastic properties of the scaffolds, as confirmed by the increased value of storage modulus and the slight increase in the crystallization temperature for all the biomaterials. A detrimental effect on the mechanical properties was observed in samples with the highest amount of inorganic particles (PCL-10CaSi-10DCPD). All the scaffolds showed absence of toxicity, in particular PCL-10CaSi-10DCPD. The designed scaffolds are biointeractive (release biologically relevant ions), nucleate apatite, possess high surface and internal open porosity and can be colonized by cells, creating a bone forming osteoblastic microenvironment and appearing interesting materials for bone regeneration purposes.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Fosfatos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Poliésteres/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacologia , Tecidos Suporte/química , Células 3T3 , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Camundongos , Porosidade , Espectrometria por Raios X , Análise Espectral Raman , Temperatura Ambiente , Difração de Raios X
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 685-689, June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002277

RESUMO

El Theracal TM LC es un cemento silicato de calcio (Ca) modificado con resina (SMCR) que ha demostrado ser un material ideal para el tratamiento dentino-pulpar por su alta tasa de formación de calcio. Los biomateriales por su contenido de Ca tienden a tener un aumento en su biodisponibilidad, estimulando la formación del puente dentario atreves de las células involucradas en la formación de tejidos mineralizados, promoviendo la diferenciación de fibroblastos en odontoblastos y aumentando la actividad de la enzima pirofostasa responsable en la mineralización de la dentina. El presente estudio con el objetivo de evaluar la respuesta inflamatoria a Theracal TM LC subcutáneamente en ratas Wistar. Fueron usados seis ratas cepa Wistar en las cuales se realizaron cuatro bolsillos quirúrgicos subcutáneos. Cada uno de estos bolsillos se determinó como cuadrante distinto, conteniendo los siguientes implantes: 1 Theracal TM LC en tubo polietileno, 2 tubo de polietileno, 3 Theracal TM LC directo y 4 como control. Las muestras histológicas se procesaron y se evaluaron distintos tipos celulares mediante conteo a microscopio de luz a 100X utilizando las tinciones H&E y AT pH 2.3. Los resultados mostraron que existen diferencias significativas en todos los tipos celulares observados durante los diferentes tiempos de exposición. Las diferencias en los tipos celulares observados podrían ser debido al tiempo de exposición al Theracal TM LC, al tubo polietileno y a ambos. El tejido evaluado del implante del tubo polietileno y al tubo polietileno con Theracal TM LC, presentan mayor respuesta inflamatoria, a diferencia en el tejido implantado con Theracal TM LC directamente.


TheraCalTM LC is a resin-modified calcium silicate (Ca) resin (SMCR) that has proven to be an ideal material for dentin-pulp treatment due to its high rate of calcium formation. Biomaterials due to their Ca content tend to have an increase in their bioavailability, stimulating the formation of the dental bridge through the cells involved in the formation of mineralized tissues, promoting the differentiation of fibroblasts in odontoblasts and increasing the activity of the pyrophosphate enzyme responsible in dentin mineralization. The present study aimed to evaluate the inflammatory response to TheracalTM LC subcutaneously in Wistar rats. Six Wistar strain rats were used in which four subcutaneous surgical pockets were made. Each of these pockets was determined as a different quadrant, containing the following implants: 1 TheracalTM LC in polyethylene tube, 2 polyethylene tubes, 3 TheracalTM LC direct and 4 as control. The histological samples were processed, and different cell types were evaluated by light microscopy at 100X using the H&E and AT pH 2.3 stains. The results showed that there are significant differences in all cell types observed during the different exposure times. The differences in the cell types observed could be due to the exposure time to TheracalTM LC, to the polyethylene tube and to both. The evaluated tissue of the polyethylene tube implant and the polyethylene tube with TheracalTM LC present a greater inflammatory response, unlike in the tissue implanted with TheracalTM LC directly.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Resinas Compostas/farmacologia , Tela Subcutânea/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Ratos Wistar , Silicatos
16.
J Endod ; 45(7): 907-916, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126710

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to verify the expression of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) and its role in mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-induced odontoblastic differentiation and mineralization in human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). METHODS: The expression of CaSR in human dental pulp tissue and hDPCs was detected using immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent assays. Then, hDPCs were cultured in specific medium supplemented with defined concentrations of MTA dilute alone or in combination with calcimimetic R-568 (a positive allosteric modulator of CaSR [Tocris Bioscience, Bristol, UK]), and cell viability was monitored by Cell Counting Kit-8 (Dojindo Molecular Technologies, Kumamoto, Japan) analysis. Alkaline phosphatase activity, alizarin red S staining, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and Western blot were used to investigate the gene/protein expression of odontoblastic-associated markers and CaSR in medium supplemented with different combinations of diluted MTA, R-568, and calcilytic Calhex 231 (a negative allosteric modulator of CaSR [Sigma-Aldrich, St Louis, MO]). RESULTS: CaSR was slightly expressed in the central pulp tissue, whereas it was strongly expressed in the odontoblast layer, plasma membrane, and cytoplasm of hDPCs. Cell Counting Kit-8 assay indicated maximum cell viability in cultures treated with 1:8 diluted MTA additives. Compared with undifferentiated controls, the cells at the early stage of odontoblastic differentiation exhibited lower CaSR protein expression. The combination of 1:8 diluted MTA with 0.1 and 1.0 µmol/L R-568 led to significantly increased cell vitality but decreased alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralized deposit formation, and this negative effect could be attenuated by 1.0 µmol/L Calhex 231 supplementation. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction results showed a significant up-regulation of RUNX2, DSPP, DMP-1, and OCN gene expression in the 1 µmol/L R-568-treated hDPCs. Western blot analysis indicated that the treatment by MTA and R-568 alone or their combination gave no clear trend on the protein levels of CaSR and dentin sialophosphoprotein, whereas Calhex 231 can increase their expressions. In addition, the up-regulation of Akt phosphorylation was observed in R-568- and Calhex 231-treated hDPCs. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicated that CaSR is expressed in human dental pulp and hDPCs and that it can negatively or positively regulate MTA-induced mineralization of hDPCs via the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway in a ligand-dependent manner, suggesting a therapeutic target for modulating reparative dentin formation.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio , Compostos de Cálcio , Diferenciação Celular , Polpa Dentária , Odontoblastos , Óxidos , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio , Silicatos , Fosfatase Alcalina , Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Combinação de Medicamentos , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular , Humanos , Óxidos/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio/fisiologia , Silicatos/farmacologia
17.
J Appl Microbiol ; 127(2): 370-378, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009147

RESUMO

AIMS: A major drawback of using dairy slurry as fertilizer is that it may contains pathogens such as Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), and it could represent a risk to animal and public health. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the fate of MAP and bacterial communities in dairy slurry after chemical treatments. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cattle slurry, naturally contaminated with MAP, was collected from a dairy herd and divided into 32 glass bottles which were assigned to eight different treatments (control, 3·0% CaO, 0·5% NaOH; 0·087%, 0·11% and 0·14% H2 SO4 ; and 1·0 and 2·5% KMnO4 ). Treated dairy slurry samples were evaluated at 0, 1, 3, 7, 15, 30 and 60-days following treatment application for viable MAP and dairy slurry pH, and in addition temperature in this material was monitored continuously. Bacterial counts were estimated at each sampling time. A Bayesian zero-inflated Poisson mixed model was fitted to assess the effect of each treatment on the count of MAP cells. Model results indicated that only the 3·0% CaO treatment had a statistically important negative effect on MAP counts during the study period. For most treatments, MAP was undetectable immediately after chemical treatment but re-appeared over time, in some replicates at low concentrations. However, in those cases MAP counts were not statistically different than the control treatment. Regarding the fate of the other bacterial populations, the Firmicutes phylum was the dominant population in the un-treated slurry while Clostridia class members were among the most prevalent bacteria after the application of most chemical treatments. CONCLUSION: Only 3% CaO treatment had a statistically important negative effect on MAP viability in cattle slurry. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study provides evidence of MAP partial control in dairy slurry. This information should be considered as a best management practice to reduce MAP and other pathogens for slurry management on dairy farms.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Indústria de Laticínios , Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Bovinos , Feminino , Fertilizantes , Esterco/microbiologia , Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis/isolamento & purificação , Óxidos/farmacologia
18.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 101: 674-685, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029361

RESUMO

In the present study, efficient adsorptive removal of fluoride and Direct Blue 53 (DB-53) dye solution on perovskite lanthanum aluminate (PLA) has been investigated. To characterize the prepared PLA with analytical techniques like FTIR, SEM, EDS, PXRD, PHZPC and BET. The influence of adsorbent dose (0.05-0.6) gL-1, pH (2-12), contact time (0-60 min) and initial adsorbate concentration (0-50 mg L-1) were studied on adsorption process. Mathematical modeling of kinetics and isotherms were computed using equations. The pseudo-second-order kinetic and Halsey isotherm equilibrium model are best fitted with experimentally computed data with R2 > 0.96. The value of free mean energy EDR per adsorbate molecule was 1.77 kJmol-1 (fluoride) and 1.86 kJmol-1 (DB-53) with an adsorption capacity 25.103 and 38.03 respectively, hence nature of adsorption suggested as physisorption process. The maximum Langmuir adsorption capacity of PLA was investigated to be 40.8 mgg-1 (fluoride) and 71.4 mgg-1 (DB-53). Present study PLA deficits efficient adsorbent for fluoride and DB-53 dye for ground and industrial wastewater. Further, the effect of in-vitro antimicrobial studies was carried out against six test microorganisms. PLA showed, a maximum antibacterial effect at MIC 63 µg mL-1 for Gram-negative bacteria: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (NCIM 5029) due to the interaction between the positively charged nanoparticle and negatively charged cell wall.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Fluoretos/química , Óxidos/farmacologia , Titânio/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Cinética , Lantânio , Óxidos/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Titânio/química
19.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180429, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970115

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the radiopacity of Biodentine (BD) and BD associated with 15% calcium tungstate (BDCaWO4) or zirconium oxide (BDZrO2), by using conventional and digital radiography systems, and their physicochemical and biological properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiopacity was evaluated by taking radiographs of cement specimens (n=8) using occlusal film, photostimulable phosphor plates or digital sensors. Solubility, setting time, pH, cytocompatibility and osteogenic potential were also evaluated. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey post-test or two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post-test (α=0.05). RESULTS: BD radiopacity was lower than 3 mm Al, while BD ZrO2 and BD CaWO4 radiopacity was higher than 3 mm Al in all radiography systems. The cements showed low solubility, except for BDCaWO4. All cements showed alkaline pH and setting time lower than 34 minutes. MTT and NR assays revealed that cements had greater or similar cytocompatibility in comparison with control. The ALP activity in all groups was similar or greater than the control. All cements induced greater production of mineralized nodules than control. CONCLUSIONS: Addition of 15% ZrO2 or CaWO4 was sufficient to increase the radiopacity of BD to values higher than 3 mm Al. BD associated with radiopacifiers showed suitable properties of setting time, pH and solubility, except for BDCaWO4, which showed the highest solubility. All cements had cytocompatibility and potential to induce mineralization in Saos-2 cells. The results showed that adding 15% ZrO2 increases the radiopacity of BD, allowing its radiography detection without altering its physicochemical and biological properties.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio/química , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos , Silicatos/química , Compostos de Tungstênio/química , Zircônio/química , Fosfatase Alcalina/análise , Análise de Variância , Antraquinonas , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Teste de Materiais , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Silicatos/farmacologia , Solubilidade , Fatores de Tempo , Compostos de Tungstênio/farmacologia , Zircônio/farmacologia
20.
Carbohydr Polym ; 212: 21-29, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30832849

RESUMO

Synthetic polymers are easy to process and have excellent mechanical properties but low wettability and poor cell compatibility limit their applications in tissue scaffolding. In this study, a facile procedure was established to regenerate cellulose and calcium lactate (CaL) into a polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibrous scaffold for tissue engineering applications. Briefly, varying amounts of lactic acid (LA) was mixed with the blend of PCL and cellulose acetate (CA) solutions and electrospun to fabricate an optimal composite PCL/CA/LA fibrous membrane. Later on, as-prepared membranes were treated with calcium hydroxide solution. This process simultaneously converted CA and LA contents into Cellulose and CaL, respectively. In situ regeneration of Cellulose and CaL into the composite fiber remarkably enhanced the biological and physicochemical properties of the composite fiber. This work provides a novel dual-channel strategy for simultaneous regeneration of biopolymer and bioactive molecule into the PCL nanofiber for regenerative medicine and tissue engineering applications.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Compostos de Cálcio/síntese química , Celulose/síntese química , Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Lactatos/síntese química , Nanofibras/química , Poliésteres/síntese química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Celulose/farmacologia , Humanos , Lactatos/farmacologia , Nanofibras/administração & dosagem , Poliésteres/farmacologia
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