Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.713
Filtrar
1.
Handb Exp Pharmacol ; 271: 137-162, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834276

RESUMO

Nalfurafine has been used clinically in Japan for treatment of itch in kidney dialysis patients and in patients with chronic liver diseases. A one-year post-marketing study showed nalfurafine to be safe and efficacious without producing side effects of typical KOR agonists such as anhedonia and psychotomimesis. In this chapter, we summarize in vitro characterization and in vivo preclinical studies on nalfurafine. In vitro, nalfurafine is a highly potent and moderately selective KOR full agonist; however, whether it is a biased KOR agonist is a matter of debate. In animals, nalfurafine produced anti-pruritic effects in a dose range lower than that caused side effects, including conditioned place aversion (CPA), hypolocomotion, motor incoordination, consistent with the human data. In addition, nalfurafine showed antinociceptive effects in several pain models at doses that did not cause the side effects mentioned above. It appears to be effective against inflammatory pain and mechanical pain, but less so against thermal pain, particularly high-intensity thermal pain. U50,488H and nalfurafine differentially modulated several signaling pathways in a brain region-specific manners. Notably, U50,488H, but not nalfurafine, activated the mTOR pathway, which contributed to U50,488H-induced CPA. Because of its lack of side effects associated with typical KOR agonists, nalfurafine has been investigated as a combination therapy with an MOR ligand for pain treatment and for its effects on opioid use disorder and alcohol use disorder, and results indicate potential usefulness for these indications. Thus, although in vitro data regarding uniqueness of nalfurafine in terms of signaling at the KOR are somewhat equivocal, in vivo results support the assertion that nalfurafine is an atypical KOR agonist with a significantly improved side-effect profile relative to typical KOR agonists.


Assuntos
Morfinanos , Compostos de Espiro , Animais , Humanos , Morfinanos/farmacologia , Morfinanos/uso terapêutico , Dor , Receptores Opioides kappa , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia
2.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 179: 104972, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802522

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) represent the largest class of non-coding transcripts. They act a pivotal part in various insect developmental processes and stress responses. However, the investigation of lncRNA functions in insecticide resistant remains at an early phase. Herein, we conducted whole-transcriptome RNA sequencing for two cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii Glover) strains, i.e., insecticide-susceptible (SS) and spirotetramat-resistant (SR). We discovered 6059 lncRNAs in the RNA-Seq data, and 874 lncRNAs showed differential expression. In addition, 5 lncRNAs among 874 lncRNAs were predicted as targets of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC). Reverse transcription real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) combined with RNA interference (RNAi) confirmed that selected ACC lncRNA was related to the expression of ACC. Moreover, we also identified two transcription factors, i.e., C/EBP and C/EBPzeta, that regulate the transcription level of ACC lncRNA. These results provide a good basis for the study of cotton aphid lncRNA functions in insecticide resistance development.


Assuntos
Afídeos , Compostos Aza , RNA Longo não Codificante , Acetil-CoA Carboxilase/genética , Animais , Afídeos/genética , Resistência a Inseticidas/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Compostos de Espiro
3.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 69(10): 1034-1038, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602572

RESUMO

Spiroviolene is a spirocyclic triquinane diterpene produced by Streptomyces violens. Recently, a biosynthetic pathway that includes secondary carbocation intermediates and a complicated concerted skeletal rearrangement was proposed for spiroviolene, based upon careful labeling experiments. On the basis of density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we propose a revised pathway for spiroviolene biosynthesis, involving a multistep carbocation cascade that bypasses the formation of unstable secondary carbocations by breaking the adjacent C-C bond to form a more stable tertiary carbocation (IM3) and by Wagner-Meerwein 1,2-methyl rearrangement (IM7).


Assuntos
Compostos de Espiro/metabolismo , Streptomyces/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Conformação Molecular , Compostos de Espiro/química , Streptomyces/metabolismo
4.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641579

RESUMO

Spiro compounds provide attractive targets in drug discovery due to their inherent three-dimensional structures, which enhance protein interactions, aid solubility and facilitate molecular modelling. However, synthetic methodology for the spiro-functionalisation of important classes of penicillin and cephalosporin ß-lactam antibiotics is comparatively limited. We report a novel method for the generation of spiro-cephalosporin compounds through a Michael-type addition to the dihydrothiazine ring. Coupling of a range of catechols is achieved under mildly basic conditions (K2CO3, DMF), giving the stereoselective formation of spiro-cephalosporins (d.r. 14:1 to 8:1) in moderate to good yields (28-65%).


Assuntos
Cefalosporinas/síntese química , Compostos de Espiro/síntese química , Catecóis/química , Estrutura Molecular , Penicilinas/química
5.
Molecules ; 26(20)2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684885

RESUMO

A new series of di-spirooxindole analogs, engrafted with oxindole and cyclohexanone moieties, were synthesized. Initially, azomethine ylides were generated via reaction of the substituted isatins 3a-f (isatin, 3a, 6-chloroisatin, 3b, 5-fluoroisatin, 3c, 5-nitroisatin, 3d, 5-methoxyisatin, 3e, and 5-methylisatin, 3f, and (2S)-octahydro-1H-indole-2-carboxylic acid 2, in situ azomethine ylides reacted with the cyclohexanone based-chalcone 1a-f to afford the target di-spirooxindole compounds 4a-n. This one-pot method provided diverse structurally complex molecules, with biologically relevant spirocycles in a good yields. All synthesized di-spirooxindole analogs, engrafted with oxindole and cyclohexanone moieties, were evaluated for their anticancer activity against four cancer cell lines, including prostate PC3, cervical HeLa, and breast (MCF-7, and MDA-MB231) cancer cell lines. The cytotoxicity of these di-spirooxindole analogs was also examined against human fibroblast BJ cell lines, and they appeared to be non-cytotoxic. Compound 4b was identified as the most active member of this series against prostate cancer cell line PC3 (IC50 = 3.7 ± 1.0 µM). The cyclohexanone engrafted di-spirooxindole analogs 4a and 4l (IC50 = 7.1 ± 0.2, and 7.2 ± 0.5 µM, respectively) were active against HeLa cancer cells, whereas NO2 substituted isatin ring and meta-fluoro-substituted (2E,6E)-2,6-dibenzylidenecyclohexanone containing 4i (IC50 = 7.63 ± 0.08 µM) appeared to be a promising agent against the triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB231 cell line. To explore the plausible mechanism of anticancer activity of di-spirooxindole analogs, molecular docking studies were investigated which suggested that spirooxindole analogs potentially inhibit the activity of MDM2.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Cicloexanonas/química , Oxindóis/química , Compostos de Espiro/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HeLa , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Células PC-3 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(38): 11322-11335, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533950

RESUMO

Azaspiracids (AZAs) are a group of biotoxins produced by the marine dinoflagellates Azadinium and Amphidoma spp. that can accumulate in shellfish and cause food poisoning in humans. Of the 60 AZAs identified, levels of AZA1, AZA2, and AZA3 are regulated in shellfish as a food safety measure based on occurrence and toxicity. Information about the metabolism of AZAs in shellfish is limited. Therefore, a fraction of blue mussel hepatopancreas was made to study the metabolism of AZA1-3 in vitro. A range of AZA metabolites were detected by liquid chromatography-high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry analysis, most notably the novel 22α-hydroxymethylAZAs AZA65 and AZA66, which were also detected in naturally contaminated mussels. These appear to be the first intermediates in the metabolic conversion of AZA1 and AZA2 to their corresponding 22α-carboxyAZAs (AZA17 and AZA19). α-Hydroxylation at C-23 was also a prominent metabolic pathway, producing AZA8, AZA12, and AZA5 as major metabolites of AZA1-3, respectively, and AZA67 and AZA68 as minor metabolites via double-hydroxylation of AZA1 and AZA2, but only low levels of 3ß-hydroxylation were observed in this study. In vitro generation of algal toxin metabolites, such as AZA3, AZA5, AZA6, AZA8, AZA12, AZA17, AZA19, AZA65, and AZA66 that would otherwise have to be laboriously purified from shellfish, has the potential to be used for the production of standards for analytical and toxicological studies.


Assuntos
Mytilus edulis , Compostos de Espiro , Animais , Humanos , Toxinas Marinhas , Frutos do Mar/análise
7.
Nursing ; 51(10): 18-29, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34580258
8.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 20(10): 1357-1378, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537894

RESUMO

Natural products and their analogue have played a key role in the drug discovery and development process. In the laboratory, the total synthesis of secondary metabolites is very useful in ascertaining the hypothetical complex structure of molecules of natural origin. Total synthesis of natural products using Norrish type I and II reactions as a crucial step has been explored in this overview. Norrish reactions are important photo-induced transformations of carbonyl compounds in organic synthetic chemistry and are connected in numerous industrially and biologically relevant procedures and the processing of carbonyl compounds in the atmosphere. The present review tries to focus on the brilliant applications of Norrish type I and II photochemical reactions as a key step in the total synthesis of natural products and highlights on natural sources, structures, and biological activities of the promising natural products for the first time elegantly.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/síntese química , Alcaloides/síntese química , Alcaloides/química , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Produtos Biológicos/química , Ciclização/efeitos da radiação , Luz , Naftalenos/síntese química , Naftalenos/química , Policetídeos/síntese química , Policetídeos/química , Teoria Quântica , Compostos de Espiro/síntese química , Compostos de Espiro/química , Terpenos/síntese química , Terpenos/química
9.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4215-4228, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are used for the treatment of both wild type and mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, acquired resistance is a major clinical challenge. Herein, we aimed to investigate the effects of telmisartan (Tel), CFM 4.16 and sorafenib combination in rociletinib resistant NSCLC tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3D spheroid cultures and western blotting were used for evaluating cytotoxic effects and protein expression. An in vivo rociletinib resistant H1975 xenograft model of NSCLC was developed by subcutaneous injection of rociletinib resistant H1975 cells into nude mice. RESULTS: Tel, CFM 4.16 and sorafenib combination displayed superior anti-cancer effects in 3D spheroid cultures and a rociletinib resistant H1975 xenograft model of NSCLC by decreasing the protein expression of oncogenic and cancer stem cell markers (Nanog, Sox2 and Oct4). CONCLUSION: Tel facilitates effective penetration of CFM 4.16 and sorafenib in rociletinib resistant H1975 models of NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Esferoides Celulares/citologia , Compostos de Espiro/administração & dosagem , Telmisartan/administração & dosagem , Tiadiazóis/administração & dosagem , Acrilamidas/farmacologia , Acrilamidas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Esferoides Celulares/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Telmisartan/farmacologia , Tiadiazóis/farmacologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
10.
J Org Chem ; 86(18): 12840-12850, 2021 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469687

RESUMO

Stereoselective synthesis of the C4-C16 polyketide fragment of portimines A and B is reported, enabled by our previously established method for the stereoselective synthesis of syn-α,α'-dihydroxyketones. The preparation of this advanced fragment provides insights useful for the total synthesis of portimines A and B. An asymmetric Evans aldol reaction was used to install the C10-C11 adjacent stereogenic centers before incorporation of indantrione, followed by epoxidation and epoxide opening to forge the challenging syn-α,α'-dihydroxyketone functionality.


Assuntos
Policetídeos , Compostos de Espiro , Compostos de Epóxi , Iminas
11.
J Org Chem ; 86(18): 13011-13024, 2021 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494838

RESUMO

An amino-controlled regiodivergent asymmetric synthesis of CF3-containing spiro-pyrrolidine-pyrazolone compounds is described. With alkaloid-derived squaramide as catalyst, the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of α,ß-unsaturated pyrazolone with diethyl 2-((2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)imino) malonate offered adducts in excellent yields, dr, and ee. While the cyclohexanediamine-derived squaramide was employed, the reaction afforded a series of structure isomers through a switched umpolung reaction.


Assuntos
Pirazolonas , Compostos de Espiro , Estrutura Molecular , Prótons , Pirrolidinas , Estereoisomerismo
12.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 401, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The human botfly, Dermatobia hominis, is a common cause of furuncular myiasis in dogs in Latin America. Lesions can be single or multiple, each harboring an individual larva, presented as an erythematous nodule that causes pruritus and pain. Typical treatment consists of sedation for removal of larvae by surgical incision or manual pressure. Medications to kill the larva before its extraction can reduce inflammation and discomfort and provide a less traumatic larval removal. Isoxazolines are broad-spectrum ectoparasiticides with larvicidal activity previously reported in the treatment of screwworm myiasis in companion animals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of sarolaner as part of the clinical management of furuncular myiasis in dogs caused by D. hominis larvae. METHODS: Ten short-haired mixed breed dogs naturally infested with D. hominis were enrolled. Clinical diagnosis was achieved by observation of skin nodules and visualization of larval motility through the lesion orifice. Sarolaner was administered at manufacturer recommended dose for fleas and ticks. Lesions were reexamined 24 h post-treatment and assessed for viability of larvae. Larvae were removed by digital compression and identified as D. hominis. RESULTS: Seventy-five D. hominis larvae were retrieved from ten dogs. No live larvae were observed, demonstrating 100% larvicidal efficacy of sarolaner. Skin lesions were healed 30 days post-treatment and new lesions were not observed. CONCLUSIONS: Sarolaner seems to be effective as larvicidal treatment for dogs with furuncular myiasis, reducing discomfort caused by the presence of the larva in the skin and facilitating its safe removal.


Assuntos
Azetidinas/uso terapêutico , Dípteros/efeitos dos fármacos , Ectoparasitoses/tratamento farmacológico , Ectoparasitoses/veterinária , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Miíase/tratamento farmacológico , Miíase/veterinária , Compostos de Espiro/uso terapêutico , Animais , Gerenciamento Clínico , Cães , Inseticidas/uso terapêutico , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/parasitologia , Pele/patologia
13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16801, 2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413352

RESUMO

The lymphatic network of mammalian heart is an important regulator of interstitial fluid compartment and immune cell trafficking. We observed a remodeling of the cardiac lymphatic vessels and a reduced lymphatic efficiency during heart hypertrophy and failure induced by transverse aortic constriction. The lymphatic endothelial cell number of the failing hearts was positively correlated with cardiac function and with a subset of cardiac macrophages. This macrophage population distinguished by LYVE-1 (Lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronic acid receptor-1) and by resident macrophage gene expression signature, appeared not replenished by CCR2 mediated monocyte infiltration during pressure overload. Isolation of macrophage subpopulations showed that the LYVE-1 positive subset sustained in vitro and in vivo lymphangiogenesis through the expression of pro-lymphangiogenic factors. In contrast, the LYVE-1 negative macrophage subset strongly expressed MMP12 and decreased the endothelial LYVE-1 receptors in lymphatic endothelial cells, a feature of cardiac lymphatic remodeling in failing hearts. The treatment of mice with a CCR2 antagonist during pressure overload modified the proportion of macrophage subsets within the pathological heart and preserved lymphatic network from remodeling. This study reports unknown and differential functions of macrophage subpopulations in the regulation of cardiac lymphatic during pathological hypertrophy and may constitute a key mechanism underlying the progression of heart failure.


Assuntos
Vasos Linfáticos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Pressão , Animais , Benzoxazinas/farmacologia , Células CHO , Polaridade Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cricetulus , Eletrocardiografia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Linfangiogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Vasos Linfáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Monócitos/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores CCR2/metabolismo , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Transcriptoma , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo
14.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361825

RESUMO

Lipid-based nanocarriers (LNs) have made it possible to prolong corneal residence time and improve the ocular bioavailability of ophthalmic drugs. In order to investigate how the LNs interact with the ocular mucosa and reach the posterior eye segment, we have formulated lipid nanocarriers that were designed to bear a traceable fluorescent probe in the present work. The chosen fluorescent probe was obtained by a conjugation reaction between fluoresceinamine and the solid lipid excipient stearic acid, forming a chemically synthesized adduct (ODAF, N-(3',6'-dihydroxy-3-oxospiro [isobenzofuran-1(3H),9'-[9H] xanthen]-5-yl)-octadecanamide). The novel formulation (LN-ODAF) has been formulated and characterized in terms of its technological parameters (polydispersity index, mean particle size and zeta potential), while an in vivo study was carried out to assess the ability of LN-ODAF to diffuse through different ocular compartments. LN-ODAF were in nanometric range (112.7 nm ± 0.4), showing a good homogeneity and long-term stability. A TEM (transmission electron microscopy) study corroborated these results of characterization. In vivo results pointed out that after ocular instillation, LN ODAF were concentrated in the cornea (two hours), while at a longer time (from the second hour to the eighth hour), the fluorescent signals extended gradually towards the back of the eye. From the results obtained, LN-ODAF demonstrated a potential use of lipid-based nanoparticles as efficient carriers of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) involved in the management of retinal diseases.


Assuntos
Córnea/metabolismo , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Lipídeos/química , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Segmento Posterior do Olho/metabolismo , Compostos de Espiro/administração & dosagem , Animais , Córnea/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Nanopartículas/química , Segmento Posterior do Olho/efeitos dos fármacos , Coelhos , Compostos de Espiro/química
15.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361605

RESUMO

A large number of secondary metabolites have been isolated from the filamentous fungus Stachybotrys chartarum and have been described before. Fourteen of these natural compounds were evaluated in vitro in the present study for their inhibitory activity towards the cancer target CK2. Among these compounds, stachybotrychromene C, stachybotrydial acetate and acetoxystachybotrydial acetate turned out to be potent inhibitors with IC50 values of 0.32 µM, 0.69 µM and 1.86 µM, respectively. The effects of these three compounds on cell proliferation, growth and viability of MCF7 cells, representing human breast adenocarcinoma as well as A427 (human lung carcinoma) and A431 (human epidermoid carcinoma) cells, were tested using EdU assay, IncuCyte® live-cell imaging and MTT assay. The most active compound in inhibiting MCF7 cell proliferation was acetoxystachybotrydial acetate with an EC50 value of 0.39 µM. In addition, acetoxystachybotrydial acetate turned out to inhibit the growth of all three cell lines completely at a concentration of 1 µM. In contrast, cell viability was impaired only moderately, to 37%, 14% and 23% in MCF7, A427 and A431 cells, respectively.


Assuntos
Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Caseína Quinase II/antagonistas & inibidores , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Stachybotrys/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos
16.
J Org Chem ; 86(17): 12326-12335, 2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346685

RESUMO

An enantioselective synthesis of spiropyrazolone-fused cyclopenta[c]chromen-4-ones is demonstrated via a (3+2) cycloaddition reaction. The reactions of 3-homoacylcoumarins and α,ß-unsaturated pyrazolones in the presence of the cinchona-alkaloid derived hydrogen-bonding catalyst provide aforementioned spiropyrazolone-chromenone adducts bearing five contiguous stereocenters, of which one is the spiro all-carbon quaternary stereocenter in high yields (up to 98%) with good to excellent stereoselectivities (>25:1 dr and up to 99% ee). This one-pot methodology could also be practically demonstrated on a gram-scale with similar efficacy.


Assuntos
Pirazolonas , Compostos de Espiro , Catálise , Reação de Cicloadição , Estereoisomerismo
17.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; 20(11): 1291-1298, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370562

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Opioids for managing postoperative pain are associated with side effects including opioid-induced respiratory depression (OIRD) and gastrointestinal complications. Opioids induce analgesia via G-protein signaling, while adverse effects are mediated by the ß-arrestin pathway. Oliceridine is a biased ligand that preferentially activates G-protein signaling over ß-arrestin, theoretically reducing adverse effects. Oliceridine has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat acute pain severe enough to require intravenous opioid analgesics. AREAS COVERED: Preclinical and clinical trials demonstrate the analgesic efficacy of oliceridine. Available evidence suggests that oliceridine may have a lower risk of OIRD and gastrointestinal complications compared to conventional opioids. EXPERT OPINION: The analgesic efficacy of oliceridine has been evaluated in several clinical trials. However, safety data were obtained from an open-label observational study and studies assessing adverse effects as secondary outcomes, as post-hoc analyses, or from retrospective studies. These may be affected by gaps in detecting adverse events, heterogeneity in the original studies, and the limitations of retrospective studies. Prospective trials examining the safety of oliceridine versus conventional opioids are needed. Studies are also needed to assess the safety and efficacy of oliceridine in obstetric and pediatric populations, and in the context of multimodal analgesia and Enhanced Recovery after Surgery protocols.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Espiro/administração & dosagem , Tiofenos/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos Opioides/farmacologia , Animais , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Espiro/efeitos adversos , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia , Tiofenos/efeitos adversos , Tiofenos/farmacologia
18.
J Chem Inf Model ; 61(8): 3964-3977, 2021 08 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351148

RESUMO

Opioid drug binding to specialized G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can lead to analgesia upon activation via downstream Gi protein signaling and to severe side effects via activation of the ß-arrestin signaling pathway. Knowledge of how different opioid drugs interact with receptors is essential, as it can inform and guide the design of safer therapeutics. We performed quantum and classical mechanical computations to explore the potential energy landscape of four opioid drugs: morphine and its derivatives heroin and fentanyl and for the unrelated oliceridine. From potential energy profiles for bond twists and from interactions between opioids and water, we derived a set of force-field parameters that allow a good description of structural properties and intermolecular interactions of the opioids. Potential of mean force profiles computed from molecular dynamics simulations indicate that fentanyl and oliceridine have complex energy landscapes with relatively small energy penalties, suggesting that interactions with the receptor could select different binding poses of the drugs.


Assuntos
Morfina , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Analgésicos Opioides , Heroína , Receptores Opioides mu , Compostos de Espiro , Tiofenos
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(30): 35689-35699, 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289693

RESUMO

Stimuli-responsiveness is an important characteristic that show promising potential in various applications. Herein, a novel ZIF-8-on-Tb-dpn (H3dpn = 5-(2',4'-dicarboxylphenyl)nicotic acid) heterostructure is constructed using a heteroepitaxial strategy combining the chemical-responsive (antibiotics) and light-responsive behaviors. The pyridine nitrogen of Tb-dpn acts as an anchor site for Zn2+, which helps to overcome the limit of lattice mismatch between two metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and promotes the growth of ZIF-8 nanocrystals. Based on the synergy effect of two MOFs, ZIF-8-on-Tb-dpn exhibits an efficient turn-off response toward tetracycline and chloramphenicol via competitive absorption, Förster resonance energy transfer, and photoinduced electron transfer processes with limit of detection values of 5.6 and 37.6 nM, respectively, which are three- to -fivefold lower than those of Tb-dpn. Moreover, the nanocage of ZIF-8 is utilized to encapsulate photochromic spiropyran (SP) molecules and realize the reversible conversion between SP and merocyanine (MC) under visible light and ultraviolet light. The MC form is accompanied with strong adsorption at 555 nm, which can erase the emission of Tb3+. Therefore, a reversible invisible anticounterfeiting pattern is designed with SP ⊂ ZIF-8-on-Tb-dpn for information anticounterfeiting. The excellent stimuli-responsive ability makes the luminescent platform a potential candidate in luminescence applications.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/análise , Fraude/prevenção & controle , Substâncias Luminescentes/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Adsorção , Antibacterianos/química , Cloranfenicol/análise , Cloranfenicol/química , Indóis/química , Indóis/efeitos da radiação , Isomerismo , Compostos de Espiro/química , Compostos de Espiro/efeitos da radiação , Tetraciclina/análise , Tetraciclina/química , Raios Ultravioleta
20.
Pest Manag Sci ; 77(12): 5356-5366, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cannabis sativa L. (hemp) is a medicinal plant producing various cannabinoids. Its consumption is legalized for medical use due to the alleged positive health effects of these cannabinoids. To satisfy the demand, C. sativa plants are propagated in contained growth chambers. During indoor propagation, pesticides usually are used to ensure efficient production. However, pesticide registration and safe application in C. sativa has not been investigated in detail. RESULTS: With this study the metabolic degradation of pesticides in recently established C. sativa callus cultures was examined. Tebuconazole, metalaxyl-M fenhexamid, flurtamone and spirodiclofen were applied at 10 µm for 21 days. Results were compared with metabolism data obtained from Brassica napus L., Glycine max (L.) Merr., Zea mays L. and Tritium aestivum L. callus cultures as well as in metabolism guideline studies. The successfully established C. sativa callus cultures were able to degrade pesticides by oxidation, demethylation, and cleavage of ester bonds in phase I, as well as glycosylation and conjugation with malonic acid in phase II and III. Initial metabolites were detected after Day (D)7 and were traced at D21. CONCLUSION: The resulting pathways demonstrate the same main degradation strategies as crop plants. Because metabolites could be the main residue, the exposure of consumers to these residues will be of high importance. We present here an in vitro assay for a first estimation of pesticide metabolism in C. sativa. © 2021 The Authors. Pest Management Science published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Cannabis , 4-Butirolactona/análogos & derivados , Alanina/análogos & derivados , Amidas , Compostos de Espiro , Triazóis
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...