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1.
Hist Philos Life Sci ; 43(2): 68, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977437

RESUMO

Three interdependent factors are behind the current Covid-19 pandemic distorted narrative: (1) science´s culture of "publish or perish", (2) misinformation spread by traditional media and social digital media and (3) distrust of technology for tracing contacts and its privacy-related issues. In this short paper, I wish to tackle how these three factors have added up to give rise to a negative public understanding of science in times of a health crisis, such as the current Covid-19 pandemic and finally, how to confront all these problems.


Assuntos
Disciplinas das Ciências Biológicas/normas , Comunicação , Disseminação de Informação/ética , Comunicação Acadêmica/normas , Ciência/normas , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Revisão da Pesquisa por Pares , Privacidade , Opinião Pública , Mídias Sociais
2.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol ; 320(5): F671-F682, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682441

RESUMO

The Indiana O'Brien Center for Advanced Microscopic Analysis is a National Institutes of Health (NIH) P30-funded research center dedicated to the development and dissemination of advanced methods of optical microscopy to support renal researchers throughout the world. The Indiana O'Brien Center was founded in 2002 as an NIH P-50 project with the original goal of helping researchers realize the potential of intravital multiphoton microscopy as a tool for understanding renal physiology and pathophysiology. The center has since expanded into the development and implementation of large-scale, high-content tissue cytometry. The advanced imaging capabilities of the center are made available to renal researchers worldwide via collaborations and a unique fellowship program. Center outreach is accomplished through an enrichment core that oversees a seminar series, an informational website, and a biennial workshop featuring hands-on training from members of the Indiana O'Brien Center and imaging experts from around the world.


Assuntos
Academias e Institutos , Pesquisa Biomédica , Microscopia Intravital , Nefropatias/patologia , Rim/patologia , Microscopia de Fluorescência por Excitação Multifotônica , Nefrologia , Animais , Difusão de Inovações , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Indiana , Cooperação Internacional , Rim/fisiopatologia , Nefropatias/fisiopatologia , Comunicação Acadêmica
3.
Curr Hematol Malig Rep ; 16(2): 132-139, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788125

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had profound impacts upon scientific discourse in our field, most prominently through the abrupt transition of malignant hematology conferences to all-digital formats. These virtual components will likely be incorporated into future iterations of these conferences even as in-person attendance is reincorporated. In this review, we discuss ways in which usage of the social networking platform Twitter has expanded in the past year during virtual conferences as a method to facilitate-and, in some ways, democratize-information flow and professional networking. RECENT FINDINGS: Emerging Twitter-based tools in malignant hematology include presenter-developed #tweetorials, conference-specific "poster walks," and disease-specific online journal clubs. Twitter is also increasingly being used for networking across institutional and international lines, allowing for conversations to continue year-round as a first step toward multicenter collaborations as well as in-person #tweetups at subsequent meetings. The ability of Twitter to enable uninterrupted information exchange has reinforced its central role in medical and scientific communication in a way that will certainly outlive the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Congressos como Assunto , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Comunicação Acadêmica , Mídias Sociais , Comunicação por Videoconferência , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Cooperação Internacional , Mentores
5.
Nat Methods ; 18(3): 221, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674792
7.
Psychol Bull ; 147(1): 1-15, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464105

RESUMO

Psychological Bulletin has long enjoyed a reputation as a source for what research has revealed about psychological phenomena; it maintains a prestigious position of leadership in psychological science and for science at large; it publishes evidence syntheses that are the most comprehensive and rigorous reviews available; it informs theorists and practitioners. I am duly honored to be selected as its editor; accordingly, my goal is to guard this tradition and, to the greatest extent possible, improve the rigor and transparency of submissions. Incorporating advances in evidence synthesis methods will help ensure that the Bulletin retains its esteemed position. Thus, I encourage the strongest possible scholarly evidence syntheses addressing central psychological issues. It is important to use contemporary methods for evidence synthesis because evidence syntheses are a form of metascience, using science to understand trends in science. Stronger methods have the potential to reduce error and the play of chance, making conclusions more trustworthy. Importantly, therefore, carefully conducted evidence syntheses offer the hope of transforming particular domains of research. Accordingly, this editorial will focus on some strategies that deserve, in my opinion, greater use. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Políticas Editoriais , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Psicologia/normas , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas , Comunicação Acadêmica/normas , Viés , Diversidade Cultural , Modificador do Efeito Epidemiológico , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Idioma , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Populações Vulneráveis
9.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 34(6): 582-588, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-200250

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Comparar las diferencias en la producción científica mundial sobre paternidad y maternidad (cantidad, momento de inicio y evolución temporal), conocer la distribución geográfica internacional de artículos sobre paternidad, y examinar la relación del índice de desarrollo humano (IDH) y del índice global de brecha de género (IGBG) con el número de artículos sobre paternidad. MÉTODO: Análisis descriptivo de artículos sobre paternidad y maternidad de la base Scopus desde 1788 hasta 2016, y análisis longitudinal de 2006 a 2015 de la relación entre la producción científica sobre paternidad, el IDH y el IGBG, mediante un modelo multinivel con distribución de Poisson y parámetro extra-Poisson. RESULTADOS: Hay cuatro veces menos artículos sobre paternidad que sobre maternidad. Los artículos sobre paternidad se desarrollaron de forma más tardía, y la mayoría (85%) se publicaron en las dos últimas décadas, cuando se incrementaron en mayor proporción que los de maternidad. Se constatan desigualdades geográficas, con América del Norte, Europa y Oceanía a la cabeza. Hay una relación estadísticamente significativa entre el incremento del IDH y el IGBG de los países del mundo y el aumento de los artículos sobre paternidad. CONCLUSIONES: El conocimiento en torno a la paternidad y la maternidad es desigual. Resulta imprescindible desarrollar un conocimiento no parcelado, no dividido y no reduccionista en el ámbito reproductivo. Es necesario visibilizar a los hombres como padres en la esfera científica, romper estereotipos de género e incorporar la corresponsabilidad en la crianza en las políticas y en las prácticas sociales como una cuestión de derecho fundamental


OBJECTIVE: To compare worldwide differences in scientific production on fatherhood and motherhood (quantity, start time and evolution over time), to determine the international geographic distribution of articles on fatherhood, and, to examine the relationship between the human development index (HDI), the global gender gap index (GGGI), and the number of articles on fatherhood. METHOD: Descriptive analysis of articles on fatherhood and motherhood from the Scopus database 1788-2016, and longitudinal analysis 2006-2015 of the relationship between scientific production on fatherhood, the HDI and the GGGI, by means of a multilevel model with Poisson distribution and extra-Poisson parameter. RESULTS: We observed four times fewer articles on fatherhood than on motherhood. Articles on fatherhood were developed later than those on motherhood, and most (85%) were published in the last two decades, when they increased more than articles on motherhood. We identified geographical inequalities, with North America, Europe and Oceania leading the way. There is a statistically significant relationship between the increase in the HDI and the GGGI in world countries, and the increase in the articles on fatherhood. CONCLUSIONS: Socially built knowledge around fatherhood and motherhood is unequal. It is essential to develop non-parcelled, undivided and non- reductionist knowledge in the reproductive field. It is necessary to make men visible as fathers in the scientific sphere, to break gender stereotypes, and to incorporate childrearing co-responsibility in social policies and practices as a matter of right


Assuntos
Humanos , Comunicação Acadêmica/estatística & dados numéricos , Paternidade , Desenvolvimento Humano , Igualdade de Gênero , Poder Familiar , Indicadores de Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação , Relações Interpessoais , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas/estatística & dados numéricos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculinidade , Iniquidade Social/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Tog (A Coruña) ; 17(2): 177-184, nov. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198815

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: analizar la variabilidad de las afiliaciones de una institución sanitaria en la base de datos Scopus y se estudió cómo influye en la recuperación de la producción científica. MÉTODOS: se realizaron búsquedas por autores y autoras, estrategia y nombre normalizado de la institución para comparar la variabilidad de los resultados. RESULTADOS: se constató una pérdida del 44,20 % de documentos en la recuperación por el campo de afiliación normalizada de la base de datos. CONCLUSIONES: tras analizar las causas, se propuso varias medidas para corregir dicha pérdida


OBJECTIVE: The variability of the affiliations of a health institution in the Scopus database is analyzed and how it influences the recovery of scientific production is studied. METHODS: Searches were conducted by authors, strategy and standardized name of the institution to compare the variability of the results. RESULTS: There is a loss of 44.20% of documents in the recovery by the standardized affiliation field of the database. CONCLUSIONS: After analysing the causes, a number of measures are proposed to correct this loss


Assuntos
Humanos , Afiliação Institucional/organização & administração , Indicadores de Produção Científica , Comunicação Acadêmica/normas , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Afiliação Institucional/normas , Indicadores de Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação , Escrita Médica , Autoria/normas
11.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(12): 2023-2030, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048199

RESUMO

The evolving research landscape in the time of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic calls for greater understanding of the perceptions of scholars regarding the current state and future of publishing. An anonymised and validated e-survey featuring 30 questions was circulated among rheumatologists and other specialists over social media to understand preferences while choosing target journals, publishing standards, commercial editing services, preprint archiving, social media and alternative publication activities. Of 108 respondents, a significant proportion were clinicians (68%), researchers (60%) and educators (47%), with median 23 publications and 15 peer-review accomplishments. The respondents were mainly rheumatologists from India, Ukraine and Turkey. While choosing target journals, relevance to their field (69%), PubMed Central archiving (61%) and free publishing (59%) were the major factors. Thirty-nine surveyees (36%) claimed that they often targeted local journals for publishing their research. However, only 18 (17%) perceived their local society journals as trustworthy. Occasional publication in the so-called predatory journals (5, 5%) was reported and obtaining support from commercial editing agencies to improve English and data presentation was not uncommon (23, 21%). The opinion on preprint archiving was disputed; only one-third believed preprints were useful. High-quality peer review (56%), full and immediate open access (46%) and post-publication social media promotion (32%) were identified as key anticipated features of scholarly publishing in the foreseeable future. These perceptions of surveyed scholars call for greater access to free publishing, attention to proper usage of English and editing skills, and a larger role for engagement over social media.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/normas , Pneumonia Viral , Comunicação Acadêmica/normas , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Publicação de Acesso Aberto/normas , Reumatologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 108(2): 491-495, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890542

RESUMO

The speed at which the COVID-19 pandemic spread across the globe and the accompanying need to rapidly disseminate knowledge have highlighted the inadequacies of the traditional research/publication cycle, particularly the slowness and the fragmentary access globally to manuscripts and their findings. Scholarly communication has slowly been undergoing transformational changes since the introduction of the Internet in the 1990s. The pandemic response has created an urgency that has accelerated these trends in some areas. The magnitude of the global emergency has strongly bolstered calls to make the entire research and publishing lifecycle transparent and open. The global scientific community has collaborated in rapid, open, and transparent means that are unprecedented. The general public has been reminded of the important of science, and trusted communication of scientific findings, in everyday life. In addition to COVID-19-driven innovation in scholarly communication, alternative bibliometrics and artificial intelligence tools will further transform academic publishing in the near future.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Comunicação Acadêmica , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Pandemias , Radioterapia (Especialidade)
14.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 151-155, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129377

RESUMO

Para que una persona sea merecedora de la autoría de una investigación debe haber realizado alguna contribución académica sustancial para que esta pudiera llevarse a cabo y, además, ser capaz de dar cuenta públicamente de la integridad de sus procesos y sus resultados. Este artículo resume: 1) la matriz propuesta por L. W. Roberts para contribuir a definir las autorías durante las etapas iniciales de la investigación, 2) los criterios de autoría del Comité Internacional de Editores de Revistas Médicas para definir quiénes merecen dichos créditos y quiénes no, 3) la taxonomía de 14 roles propuesta por la Declaración CRediT para transparentar las tareas realizadas por cada una de las personas proclamadas autoras de una investigación biomédica y 4) las principales conductas que degradan la transparencia de las autorías. (AU)


For a person to deserve an investigation authorship he/she must have made some substantial academic contribution so that that research could be carried out and, in addition, must be able to publicly account for the integrity of their processes and their results. This article summarizes: 1) the matrix proposed by Roberts to help defining authorship during the initial stages of the investigation; 2) authorship criteria of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors to define who deserves such credits and who does not; 3) the 14-role taxonomy proposed by the CRediT Declaration to transparent the tasks performed by each of the proclaimed authors of a biomedical research; 4) the main behaviors that degrade the transparency of authorships. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pesquisa/normas , Autoria/normas , Revisão da Pesquisa por Pares , Ética em Pesquisa , Avaliação da Pesquisa em Saúde , Ética na Publicação Científica , Publicações Científicas e Técnicas , Autoria e Coautoria na Publicação Científica , Comunicação Acadêmica/normas
17.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 542-544, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562831

RESUMO

The use of social media for academic or research purposes is still in infancy. However, the potential of dissemination of medical knowledge through these electronic platforms is dynamically increasing. We performed a search on Twitter® collecting tweets containing the keywords "peripheral arterial disease" and "abdominal aortic aneurysm" separately and including 3 types of emitters. Our aim was to assess the dissemination of these 2 major vascular entities across the social networking and their effect on the medical and general population. The results show that people talk about their experiences of hospitals and care quality on Twitter® more than health care providers or commercial industries in critical diseases that arise more concern. Twitter® could become a successful channel through which physicians, patients, and health care providers interact, engage, and disseminate medical knowledge.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Disseminação de Informação , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Mídias Sociais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Humanos , Satisfação do Paciente , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Comunicação Acadêmica
18.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234347, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569295

RESUMO

We propose a method to measure the potential scholarly impact of researchers based on network structural variations they introduced to the underlying author co-citation network of their field. We applied the method to the information science field based on 91,978 papers published between 1979 and 2018 from the Web of Science. We divided the entire period into eight consecutive intervals and measured structural variation change rates (ΔM) of individual authors in corresponding author co-citation networks. Four types of researchers are identified in terms of temporal dynamics of their potential scholarly impact-1) Increasing, 2) Decreasing, 3) Sustained, and 4) Transient. The study contributes to the understanding of how researchers' scholarly impact might evolve in a broad context of the corresponding research community. Specifically, this study illustrated a crucial role played by structural variation metrics in measuring and explaining the potential scholarly impact of a researcher. This method based on the structural variation analysis offers a theoretical framework and a practical platform to analyze the potential scholarly impact of researchers and their specific contributions.


Assuntos
Ciência da Informação/tendências , Fator de Impacto de Revistas/história , Comunicação Acadêmica/tendências , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Ciência da Informação/história , Editoração/tendências , Pesquisadores
19.
Phys Med ; 75: 83-84, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559649

RESUMO

In the current pandemic times, medical physicists may not be aware that there is an interesting story on two significant discoveries related to the coronavirus. One is the invention of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the other is the first electron microscopic observation and identification of the coronavirus. Both of them were disregarded by the reviewers and major journals declined to publish these discoveries. These days, PCR, for example, is a widespread method for analyzing DNA, having a profound effect on healthcare, especially now during the Covid-19 pandemic. Prejudice or perhaps ignorance prevail in every aspect of our society, and there is no exception in scientific research. We need to, however, learn from these two stories and be open-minded about novel discoveries and findings - as they may be just disruptive in the "right" way to lead to an unexpected breakthrough.


Assuntos
Coronavirus , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Preconceito/história , Comunicação Acadêmica/história , Coronavirus/classificação , Coronavirus/ultraestrutura , Infecções por Coronavirus , História do Século XX , Humanos , Microscopia Imunoeletrônica/história , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/história
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